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The River Press
Published every Wednesday Morning
by the River Press Publish
The decision rendered by the su
preme court s few days ago, in Colo
rado suits brought to determine the
status of forest reserves,' is of interest
to a large number of residents of west
ern states. The authority under which
these reserves were created was ques
tioned, but the court decided in favor
Of tbe government. The power of the
Becretary of agriculture to regulate
the grazing of livestock on forest re
serves was sustained.
While northern Montana is not af
fected to a large extent by the forest
reserve proposition, it is quite a seri
ous problem in some other parts of
this state. In northwestern Montana,
for instance, forest reserves cover the
greater portion of the country.
The biennial report of the Montana
bureau of agriculture, labor and in
dustry, just published, contains inter
eating information in regard to forest
reserves in the state. It seems that
the total area of the state contained
in national forest reserves is 20,389,6%
acres, which is more than one-fifth of
the total area of the 6tate. These have
been laid out arbitrarily without con
sultation with the state authorities
and with no regard to the wishes of
the residents of the communities near
est to them.
The opinion prevails in Montana,
according to the commissioner, that
the national forests, as now consti
tuted, contain much land valuable for
fruit growing and farming whose with
drawal from tbe public domain has
blocked the development of localities.
For instance, 68 per cent, of tbe total
area of Flathead county lies within
forest reserves, and 90 per cent, of
Liocoln county is in such reserves.
It is claimed that the development of
the state is being hampered by making
it tbe field of experiment for the fanci
ful ideas of theorists who live in east
The founders and builders of the
great states lying west of the Ohio
river were not held back by bureaucra
tic control from Washington from ex
ploring and settling upon any part of
the great public domain to which the
Indian title had been extinguished,
while Montana is confronted with the
fact that more than one-fifth of its area
is practically taken away from it.
IN AGRICULTURAL MONTANA,
Montana was born in 18G4 of sturdy,
robust western stock. There wasn't
much ado over the event because there
weren't many people interested in it.
The mother, Mrs. Idaho, soon real
ized that she wasn't as large as her
buxom daughter, but she went along
about her business, and after a few
years forgot all about Montana,
busily was she engaged in shaping her
Meanwhile young Montana grew
and attracted the attention of men in
the east. She invited them to come
and partake of her bounty and they
came—they came over the Walla
Walla, the Bo/.eman, the Boise and
other trails and up the Missouri river
to pay their respects to the promising
While yet in her swaddling duds
and denim rompers, Montana yielded
to the argonauts millions of the yel
low dust that allures men to the farth
est corners o' the earth. Her storos
of precious metals seemed to be inex
haustible, and so the pilgrims eontin
ued to brave the danger of the long
overland journey in the hope of
gleaning the golden sheaves that lay
beneath the greensward.
For years the bull train and the
mule train wended their tedious ways
over mountains and across valleys
carrying supplies to the pioneers.
There was no thought of a more rapid
system of transportation—so long as
the people got all they wanted to eat
and wear they were content. The
aristocratic passenger stage coach
with its natty driver, its champing
steeds, its big boots and its canvas
curtains was welcomed in the genuine
western spirit—the arrival of the coach
with tbe mails and passengers was an
The majority of the people in the
states regarded Montana with expres
sions of awe mingled with compas
sion for the misguided souls who
made up its population. Who in New
England thought Montana would ever
be more than a wilderness, an out
post, a neglected frontier? There are
in this state today men who, 45 years
ago, frowned upon the suggestion that
Montana was worth while as a home
place. But time and experience have
wrought the most marvelous of
The conquest in the placer gulches
led men on to campaigns in other
fields of endeavor, with the result
that gold ledges were discovered.
Stamp mills loomed in many districts.
From tbe gold vein to the silver lodes
was but another step. Then more
mills were erected.
Tbe fateful days of 1893 were sad
Ones for the silver industry, and Mon
tana was blue. But the veins did
not end in silver—they merged into
copper as depth was attained, and
copper was just beginning to gain
popularity in the world of industry
and manufacture. So instead of Mon
tana falling a victim of silver's down
fall, it received a boost from copper,
after all the biggest boost up to that
time it ever got.
From 1895 6 to 1909, copper was
kiDg in Montana. The last two years
have witnessed the dethronement of
King copper and the rise to the ex
alted position of Queen Agriculture.
Years ago Colonel W. F. Sanders,
In a public address at Butte, said in
effect: "Montana, a mineral-produc
tive state, will some day, not far
away, invite the world to inspect her
farm and orchard products. From
the agricultural districts will coma the
lawmakers to revise and amend our
statutes. Montana's destiny—agricul
What was then dimly written on the
wall stands out today in letters aflame
—Montana today is among the agri
cultural states. Her gold, her silver
and her copper served a magnificent
purpose—they brought the best lot of
farmers out this way that ever wielded
a hoe, or smoked a corn cob pipe.—
Red Lodge Picket.
AS OTHERS SEE US.
The latest news from Butte, Mont.,
is that the town has elected a socialist
mayor and council. Of course every
body knew that Butte would eventually
do something, but nobody could
exactly forecast what direction its
activity would take. Its record didn't
exactly justify inferences, says the
When Butte first came into real pub
lic notice it was the producer and
sponsor of the early experiences of
Mary MacLane. Mary MacLane
lasted Butte for a long time. It was
seemingly content to rest on its
And then came whispers in travel
ing dramatic circles that Butte had
turned its attention to other things.
The manager of a road show first re
vealed Butte's later activity to the
writer of these lines. He affirmed,
with tears in his eyes that it was al
most impossible to get through Butte
with a good looking chorus, so prone
were leading citizens of Butte to de
tain the ladies as their wives.
Why this should be he did not pre
tend to state. Perhaps the scarcity of
women in the town accounted for it.
Perhaps the metropolitan glamour of
the traveling chorus ladies was what
led the heart of Butte's leading citi
zens captive. But he was sure of the
main facts. A show that wanted to
keep a good looking chorus simply
had to skip Butte.
What Butte did to keep up its in
terior excitement and outside reputa
tion immediately after the leading cit
izens quit rilling the road shows of
their fairest llowers does not exactly
appear on the record. However, it is
safe to say that Butte was not idle.
The echoes may not have reached
quite so far as Chicago, but that there
wore echoes no admirer of Butte will
And now here Butte is again—right
in the lime light with a tale of politics
instead of tempestuous affections. It
has gone socialist just us it once went
for Mary MacLane and the llowers of
the road shows, by a large and com
fortable majority. It will try this
new experiment and then, no doubt,
pass right on in search of newer sen
What next? Ah, there is the great
charm of Butte to the disinterested
foreign observer. You can't tell into
what new channels the stream of its
wild impetuosity will ilow. It may
react toward literature and produce a
type as distinct and sensational a*
Mary MacLane. It may turn its atten
tion to emulation of metropolitan
wickedness or become a simple life
colony. It doesn't know itself what
it is liable to do.
But as long as it remains on the map
those who find the uniform conduct of
most cities a trille tiresome will always
look toward Butte with a feeling of
hopefulness — with the inspiring
thought that some day Butte is pretty
sure to break out again.
Pointers on Cement Work.
Don't guess on the amount of ma
terial you are using. Measure it all.
Cement work that is to meet oonsld
able strain should be well reinforced
with barbed wire.
Cement work expands and contracts
in about the same ratio as iron or
steel, and In close work the same al
lowance should be made.
A thin slush of pure cement applied
with a plasterer's trowel makes a good
coating to give a cistern oave or cellar
wall. Two coats ought to be used on
wells and cisterns.
Woven wire fencing is a good mater
ial to use in re-enforcing cement where
a large amount of work is being done.
Now is the time to get rid of your
rheumatism. You will find Chamber
lain's Liniment wonderfully effective.
One application will convince you of
its merits. Try it. For eale by all
New York is America's publishing
About 212,000 persons see moving
pic ture shows in New York each day.
Norway, Sweden and Finland com
bined hare a population of 10,030,000.
The postponed Japanese world ex
position will probably be held in 1916.
The United States exported struc
tural iron and steel amounting in value
to $7,000,000 in 1910.
St. Petersburg, Russia, has twelve
commercial schools, the admission be
ing restricted to boys.
Traveling from one place to another
in Turkey without a tescereh Uocal
passport) is now permitted.
More coal is mined per person em
ployed In the United States than In
any other nation, with Australia rank
British India, with a population of
over 252,000,000, still has more than
104,000,000 acres of cultivable land un
The Japanese manufacture much of
their paper from millet stalks. Man
churia furnishes about 245,000 tons of
pulj) a year.
According to the government re
ports, there are more than 9,000,000
persons in the United States who have
accounts in the savings banks.
Silk cocoons to the weight of about
fifty-four tons and worth over $100,000
are exported from the British island
of Cyprus in the course of a year.
Game birds have almost disappeared
from tbe sections of France most fre
quented by aeronauts, which seem to
have frightened the feathered fliers
Buenos Aires is the fourth city in
the two Americas, and 20 per cent of
til the people of Argentina live with
in a radius of twenty miles of the
The island of Margarita, on the north
coast of and belonging to Venezuela,
has a population of 00,000, who subsist
principally by its pearl and other
German sugar sales have been incrcas
'! in Morocco through an lnsta!lm»nt
system of payment. A shopkeeper
buys ?1,000 worth on the payment of
$1U0 a week.
On account of its great length drawn
glass is being used for many purposes.
It withstands sudden chauges of tem
perature, resists fire to a great extent
and is very strong.
An English economist has evolved
the theory that the writing and print
ing of superfluous books form a seri
ous item in the deforestation problem
of the civilized world.
There are forty mines being worked
in the state of New York. There are
twelve Iron mines, thirteen of gypsum,
eight of talc, three of graphite, one of
salt and one of pyrites.
There is nothing better than lime
water to drive white worms out of the
soil in which pot plants are growing.
A good many people fail because they
use air slaked lime instead.
Tranent colliery in Haddingtonshire,
England, which lias just been closed,
had been operated for nearly 700 years.
For many years women were employed
in the mine as well as men.
The tunnel under the Seine for the
Metropolitan railway of Taris when
completed will be the largest subrlver
tunnel in the world. The work is be
ing done by American engineers.
Students in the technical school at
Northampton, England, one of the
manufacturing centers for boots and
shoes, are given a thorough course in
leather and footwear manufacture.
Ten years ago the total number of
passengers carried one mile in the Unit
ed States was about 13,333,000,000. In
ten years' time tills has Increased over
120 per cent, reaching a total of 20,
The whistles on the new ocean liner
Olympic are the largest ever made.
They consist of three bell domes,
measuring nine inches, fifteen inches
aiul twelve inches in diameter, respec
A life buoy with an electrical battery
which comes Into play only when the
buoy is taken from its rack on the ves
sel is a new device. A brilliant light is
given by two lamps above and two
The principal telephone company of
Spain, with stations in Madrid, Barce
lona and seventeen other cities, lias
only 3,795 subscribers. The city of
San Sebastian lias a municipal tele
The plant introduction bureau of the
department of agriculture has secured
for distribution seeds of the yerba
mate tree from the boundary line of
Brazil and Paraguay. This tree Is a
member of the holly family, Ilex para
gua rien sis.
A municipal councilor of Paris has
introduced a proposal to tax all cats
In the city. The proposal has not met
with popular approval. A large num
ber of women who own cats have writ
ten him, threatening to make things
unpleasant for him If he persists.
Louis Regis Rome, better known as
Romette, an itinerant newsboy and
bootblack, who lias Just been elected
to the municipal council of I,e Puy,
France, lias astonished the citizens of
that place by his work in the council.
Ile has already introduced many new
and better ideas in the matter of
Several temporary bridges are being
erected over the Tiber at Rome to con
nect the two parts of the grounds of
the exposition to lie held in recognition
of the fiftieth anniversary of the estab
lishment of the kingdom of Italy. One
of these structures will be 1,000 feet
long and will have two decks, one for
pedestrians and tlie other for a moving
SETTLERS GET WATER.
Lower Yellowstone Project Will Soon
Be In Operation.
Washington , May 1.— Secretary
Fisher tonight notified Senator Dixon
that he had decided to grant the con
cessions asked by settlers on the Lower
Yellowstone Irrigation project, Mon
tana, and will permit them to have
water for irrigation this season If they
will agree to pay 25 cents per acre on
or before May 24, and $1.25 per acre
additional in December. He also
agreed to graduate payments for the
next two years so as to enable settlers
to get on their feet. Settlers will be
required to pay $1 50 per acre in De
cember, 1912, $2 per acre in 1913, and
thereafter $4.50 yer year, until a total
of $45 per acre has been paid.
Secretary Fisher, after a conference
with the attorney general, imposes one
condition, that 80 per cent of the land
owners on the Lower Yellowstone pro
ject, on or before May 24 mus'
pledge themselves to make payments
as above stated, or else this relief can
not be granted to any. From the
conference which he had with settlers
when in Montana recently, Senator
Dixon predicts that more than 80 per
cent of the settlers will meet this
agreement in the time specified, for
they are generally desirous of having
water this season.
Senator Dixon says Secretary Fisber
has granted everything the settlers
asked, and he is thoroughly pleased
at the outcome of his negotiations
with the department.
Lindsay Is Confirmed.
Washington , May 1.— The senate
today confirmed the nomination of
William Lindsay of Olendive, to be
United States marshal for Montana
to succeed Mr. Merrlfield, whose term
has expired. Lindsay's nomination
was brought up in the judiciary com
mittee today at its first day of tbe
present session, and was promptly
reported favorably. The cotfirma
tion followed in the executive session
of the senate this evening.
Hearings On Reciprocity Bill.
Washington , May 2.— The senate
committee on finance today decided to
devote the time between now and Sat
urday to hearings on the Canadian re
ciprocity bill. Immediately after that
date, It is expected that the bill will
be reported to the senate.
While there is no Intention to per
mit the hearings to involve the free
list bill, so as to delay consideration
of reciprocity, witnesses will be per
mitted to make incidental arguments
bearing on the bill. The first expres
sions to be made by representatives
of the shoe interests will be devoted
principally to contention against the
free list bill.
Wholesale Charges of Bribery.
COLUMBUS, O., May 2. —The Frank
lin county grand jury met today to
consider the wholesale charges of
bribery involving about 40 members
of ithe Ohio legislature. The matter
was taken before the grand jury in
stead of a legislative probe committee
on the advice of Governor Harmon
and others, in order to prevent any
accused members from escaping pun
ishment through the immunity bath.
Scores of witnesses have been sum
moned and it is said the jury may
make a partial report some time to
Officials of the state organization
interested in legislation before this
assembly have been summoned to tell
what they know of efforts to hold them
up by members. They include officers
of such bodies as the state board of
commerce, the anti-saloon league, the
personal liberty league and heads of
Battleships Start South.
Philadelphia , May 1.—Provision
ed for a long cruise and heavily sup*
pled with ammunition, tbe battleships
Minnesota and Vermont sailed from
tbe Philadelphia navy yard today for
the Gulf of Mexico, Pensacola, Fla.,
Mobile, and Galveston. The battle
ship Mississippi will sail on Thursday
and the Idaho on Friday.
The warships constitute the third dl
vision of the Atlantic fleet and are
manned by nearly four thousand men.
The division Is under command of
Rear Admiral Ward.
Bryan Sees Democratic Rainbow.
Des Moines , la., May 1.—Deolar
ing that the outlook never was brighter
for the success of the demooratlc par
ty and that the party had exceeded the
wildest hopes of the enthusiastlcs in
the election of a large majority in the
lower house of congress, W. J. Bryan
tonight delivered an optimistic ad
dress to the members of the Des
Moines Jefferson club at its annual
banquet here to night. He pointed out
that there was not only a large major
ity in the lower house of congress, but
that it was a united majority battling
for progressive democratic principles.
He also stated that the success of
the democrats in the senate was great
er than expected and also declared
that while the party was in the mi
nority there, that with the aid of the
progressive republicans it would pass
much good legislation. Mr. Bryan
predicted many good things for the
party in the campaign of 1912.
Li WH A.
JXK • Mr*. Î».
I* * < «i>u ifc
C. POWER & BRO., Limited
SOLE AGENTS FOR FORT BENTON
D. G. L0CKW00D,
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Repair Work on Jewelry and Watches
solicited. Every job personally guar
D. Q. LOCKWOOD, - Front Street, Fort Benton
JERE SULLIVAN, Prop'r
FORT BENTON, MONT
First Established in 1881.
The celebrated Squibbs line of Drugs
and Medicines used in com
WHEN SICK YOU WANT THE BEST
Send us your Mail Orders "Isöä
COAL and WOOD
We handle tbe Best
Domestic Coals on
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J. F. CURTIS, Fort Benton
Office at Chase Lumber Co.'* Office.
H. D. WICKHORST
Will give estimates on any kind
of Building desired
Franklin Street FORT BENTON
THE RIVER PRESS, $2.00 a year
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FORT BENTON, MONT
L. L. TAYLOR Manager