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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, November 27, 1912, Image 1

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The River Press.
Vol. XXXIII.
Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday November 27, 1912.
No. 6
PLANNED MANY EXPLOSIONS
Wholesale Destruction of Property
Was Dynamiters' Program.
Indianapolis , Nov. 25.—Witnesses
at the dynamite conspiracy trial testi
fied >today concerning wholesale ex
plosions, whioh the McNamaras were
alleged to have contemplated but
whioh were prevented by the arrest of
.the dynamiters at Detroit and Indian
apolis in April, 1911. The explosions
contemplated as told 2by witnesses
were:
To blow up the locks of the Panama
canal.
To blow up a building in Pittsburg,
occupied by officials of iron and steel
contractors who employed non-union
men, and also to blow up offices in
other eastern cities.
To blow up the acqueduc'. hd J water
works at Los Angeles.
To blow up a sleeping car to get rid
of a stenographer formerly employed
by the iron workers' union because
she knew too much.
"I'll blow the whole town off the
map; the people will think there has
been another earthquake similar to
San Francisco," said J. B. Mc
Namara, discussing the campaign he
expected to make at Los Angeles, ac
cording to Ortie E. McManigal.
An assertion by McManigal that he
was urged to go to Panama by J. J.
McNamara as a dynamiter previously
had been referred to by District Attor
ney Miller as one of the revelations
to be made at the trial.
Boosts Norris For Secretary.
Washington, Nov. 24.— Western
aspirants for the office of secretary of
the interior are springing up in num
bers. President Wilson will be
strongly urged by those opposed to
the conservation policies advocated
by Gifford Pinchot and other extrem
ists to name a man from the far west
who is in sympathy with the exploita
tion and development of coal and for
est resources of the Rocky mountains
and Pacific coast country.
Senator Myers of Montana said to
day that Montana democrats are
united in supporting Governor Norris
of Montana for secretary of the inter
ior; that he is a sane, sensible con
servationist and does not believe in
locking up the nation's resources for
all time to come.
Congress Will Soon Meet.
Washington, Nov. 25.— Congress
will reassemble a week from today for
the last short session of republican
control in national legislation. While
the tariff is not scheduled for con
sideration this winter, the three
months of short session will be crowd
ed by legislative work. In addition
to the appropriation bills, congress
will be forced to dispose of a quanti
ty of general matters left at adjourn
ment in August.
Death of Senator Rayner.
Washington, Nov. 25.— Senator
Isador Rayner of Maryland, one of
the leading democratic members of the
United States senate, and aman whose
name was offered to the Baltimore
convention by William J. Bryan as a
suitable candidate for the presidential
Domination, died here early today at
the close of a long illness, resulting
from continued attacks of neuritis.
Senator Rayner was one of the
striking figures in the senate. He had
been a member of that body for near
ly eight years and was one of its strong
dçbators and a recognized authority
on matters of constitutional law.
Chickens Are Not Cattle.
In
has
Washington, Nov . 25.—The
terstate Commission Commission
decided that chickens are not cattle.
Therefore, Charles Ream of Richmond
Va., who tried to get transportation
to Los Angeles for his son as care
taker of a dozen chickens, loaded in a
car with bis household goods, lost
his case. The Southern Pacific exact
ed first class fare.
The tariffs provide free transporta
tion for the caretakers of horses,
cattle and mules shipped with emi
grant movables. Ream contended that
if chickens are not cattle there is a
discrimination against chickens, and
discrimination is unlawful. The com
mission decided against him, but
banded him a prize by deciding that
his son should have been charged the
limited fare to Los Angeles, $72.95 in
stead of 183.
Fatal Auto Accident.
St. Paul, Nov . 14.— S. B. Piechner,
purchasing agent, and Howard James,
director of purchases of the Great
Northern railway, were killed instant
ly when their automobile turned over
on a grade about eight miles north of
here late today. Both were pinned
under the machine and were dead when
It was removed. The siippery condi
tion of the road is said to have caused
the automobile to overturn.
In attempting to pass another auto
mobile, the machine occupied by
Piechner and James slewed to one
side, and the roadway being too soft,
the machine turned over.
Disastrous Prairie Fires.
Norfolk , Neb., Nov. 23. —Reports
from many points in southern South
Dakota and northern Nebraska tell of
the most disastrous prairie fires ever
known. One fire, starting in the Pine
Ridge Indian reservation, swept
through the Rosebud agency and south
into Nebraska, the town of Crooketon
being in danger for a time. This fire
ran over 100 miles. Another fire went
(□to Tripp county, South Dakota, and
the town of Winner was in peril. Sta
tionmen fought fire two days and
nights. Several persons narrowly
escaped with their lives.
The Harvester Monopoly.
Chicago, Nov. 23. —Important evi
dence that 86 per cent of the binders
and headers bought in the United
States in a sing'e year were sold by
the International Harvester company
and contracts calculated to indicate
efforts by company officials to create
for it a monopoly were introduced by
the government in the hearing of the
dissolution suit here today. From a
letter to general agents of the com
pany headed "exclusive contracts,"
Attorney Grosvenor for the govern
ment read:
"We believe that in the near future
this great company will do practically
all the harvester business in the world,
for the company is organized wisely
and is managed on broad-minded,
unselfish lines."
WAR CLOUDS GATHER.
Balkan Trouble May Involve Other
European Powers.
London, N ov . 23.—Interest in the
war situation shifted today from the
belligerents, whose delegates are pre
paring to meet with an apparent sin
cere desire to work out the terms for a
truce to the great neighboring powers
—Austria and Russia. These rivals
are strengthening their border forces
at an hour when the statesmen of all
the powers are spreading broadcast
assurances that their only policy is
to subordinate rivalries and interests
to the common welfare of Europe in the
cause of peace.
No threatening factor in the situa
tion is known which has not existed
since the beginning of the war, unless
it is the near approach of the Servian
army to the Adriatic and the steps
toward mobilization may mean noth
ing more than mutual distrust.
When the crisis arose over Bosnia
and Berzgovina, both Russia and
Austria came nearer to a war footing
than they seem to be now, yet the war
cloud drifted away.
flax.
Franking Privilege Is Abused.
Washington, Nov . 23.—Political
campaign material transmitted free of
postage through the mails accounted,
according to the records, for the dif
ference between a postal surplus and
a postal deficit for the last fiscal year
ending June 30.
An account of franked mail, for
warded for congress, the executive de
partments and other government in
stitutions, shows that postage at the
ordinary rate on this matter would
have netted the government nearly
«20,000,000. About 13,250,000 of this
would hate been paid on political
documents. The postal service hand
led in the year 310,240,000 pieces of
franked matl, weighing 61,377,000
pounds.
Schrank Is Declared Insane.
Milwaukee , November 22.—John
Schrank, who shot Colonel Theodore
Roosevelt on the night of October 14
in Milwaukee, is insane and was com
mitted late this afternoon, by Munclpal
Judge Backus, to the Northern hos
pital for the insane near Oshkosh un
til cured.
Commitment was pronounced after
the presentation of an exhaustive re
port of the commission, in which de
fendant unanimonsly was adjudged in
sane. District Attorney Zabel sub
mitted a number of questions bearing
upon medical terms to each of the
alienists, all of which brought forth
similar responses, the substance of
which was that Schrank was . Ber
ing from chronic paranoia; and all of
the physicians agreed that it was
doubtful if the disease could be cured.
Failure in effecting a cure of Schrank's
mental disorder means that he will
spend the rest of his life in the asylum
Box Elder Press: Owing to the low
price of flax this fall a large number
of our farmers have stated that they
will not put in flax another year and
some are even disposing of their seed
REJECT P EACE TERMS.
Turkey Prefers War To Conditions
Proposed By Bulgarians.
Constantinople , Nov. 22 —The
rejection by Turkey uf the conditions
offered for an armistice between the
opposing forces has been forwarded to
the Bulgarian government. One of
the causes for the rejection was the
opinion held in official circles In Con
stantinople that the conditions im
posed by the allies deprived the Turks
of the possibility of resuming hostil
ities in the event of the failure of the
plenipotentiaries to settle terms. This,
from the Turkish point of view, meant
no armistice at all. Such conditions,
it is held here, are only made when it
is a question of the preliminaries of
peace and by accepting such terms as
those presented by the allies, Turkey
would be binding herself hand and
foot.
It is further insisted that Turkey
has not sunk to that degree of impot
ency which would ccmpel her to accept
such conditions.
London , Nov. 22 —"Come and take
them," the defiant reply of the Turks
to the demands made by the slliid
Balkan nations for the evacuation of
the line of fortifications at Tchatalja
in front of Constantinople, is not be
lieved in diplomatic circles necessarily
to mean the end of the negotiations
for an armistice, even though fighting
has been resumed.
From Sofia comes word today that
the victorious invaders are likely to
modify their conditions. The Euro
pean powers at the same tima are ex
erting themselves to induce the na
tions composing the Balkan league to
bring their terms more into line with
the facts of the situation and to ar
range a treaty which wili give them
all they have conquered but wtll leave
out that which has not been conquered.
Suffragists Carry Kansas.
Topeka , Kas., Noy. 22 —Official
figures given out today on the vote on
suffrage show that the amendment
carried by a majority of 16,079. There
were seventy-four counties voted for it
and thirty against it, and a tie In
Brown county. Of the voters taking
part in the last election, 31,000 failed
to vote either way on the amendment
Need Liberal Land Laws.
Minneapolis , Nov. 22.— An attack
was made by Governor Norris at last
night's session of the government's
policy with regard to the settling of
lands. He said the only way to check
American immigration to Canada was
for the government to throw open
more public lands to settlers and make
the terms of settlement easier in order
that the American settler may have
the same chance as he would have in
going to Canada.
Would Elect By Popular Vote.
Washington, Nov. 22 —Senator
Works of California will introduce
a resolution when congress re-assem
bles for the amendment of the consti
tution providing for the election of
president and vice president by direct
vote of the people. The senator will
urge in support of the measure, that,
in additiou to its directness, it would
have an advantage over the present
method in that it would avoid the pos
sibility of a president or a vice presi
dent being elected by the house or
by the senate.
Pensions For Ex-Presidents.
New York, Nov . 21.—Future ex
presidents of the United States are to
be pensioned in the sum of $25,000 an
nually through the action of the Car
negie corporation of New York. The
grant is provided for with the idea of
enabling former executives of thè na
tion to devote their unique knowledge
gained in public affairs to the public
good, free from pecuniary care. A
similar amount is to be paid widows
of ex-presidents as long as they re
main unmarried.
Planned Dynamite Campaign.
Indianapolis, Nov . 22.— Ortie E.
McManigal's story of finding bis little
daughter in the kitchen of his home in
Chicago playing with 80 one-pound
sticks of dynamite, which be had left
on the radiator to thaw, was told by
him at the dynamite conspiracy trial
today. The girl, he said, was on the
floor with the dynamite and James B.
McNamara the Los Angeles Times
dynamiter was testing a battery on
tbe door bell.
Stealing 1,200 pounds of dynamite
and hiding it in. a shed in Tiffin, Ohio,
and th^j transoorting it in suitcases
on passenger trains to Indianapolis
was aurv r experience related by Mc
Manigal. It was the explosive used
by McManigal and the McNamaras
after the Los Angeles Times explosion
and by which 10 non-union jobs were
blown up, In spite uf tue fuel, the
witness sa'd, that det>»otiv:-* for two
months had been on U.e 'rail of the
dynamiters.
Confident that the agitation over the
Los Angeles explosions would blow
over, and that James B. McNamara
would be free to do more jobs, Mc
Manigal added, plans were begun In
January, 1911, to carry on the dyna
mite ca mpaign with zest.
Land Show Was a Success.
Minneapolis, Nov . 23.—The sec
ond annual Northwestern Products ex
position came to a cluse tonight with
the celebration of "Idaho Day." Next
year's session probably will be held
in some eastern city.
Annoucement wai made today that
Leonard und Bullentyne of Glendive
Mont., hBd won first prize for the
bushel uf flax, and that Cook county,
in an Oregon colonization company's
exhibit, was awarded the silver cup
for the best display of furage plants.
A ward of #5,000 prize for the best
bushel of wheat probably will not be
made until next week.
Will Distribute Road Fund.
Washington, N ov . 22.—The half
mil'ion dollars appropriated by con
gress at the last session for improve
ment of roads will be distributed
among states that co-operate with the
federal government in this work 1 . The
cabinet has decided that the money
be allotted among all thi states on
tbe basts of 910 000 to each state that
agrees to spend 920,000 of its own
funds.
Conrad Farmers Lead Contest
Minneapolis, N ov . 21.—Thirteen
northwestern farmers still remain in
the contest for the #5,000 prize for
the best bushel of wheat in the land
show, J. P. Kane, Conrad, Montana,
witty a score of ninety-eight leading,
and' Peter Deer boor, Conrad, Mon
tana. being seeor d with ninety-six.
The severest test, that of the quality
of the bread to be made from the grain
remains, and may effect the final
standing.
F. F. Gray, of North Yakima,
Wash., was announced as first prize
winner for the best ten boxes of apples,
winning the Howard Elliott prize of
$100 in gold.
Cannot Insure Auto Drivers.
Des Moines, N ov . 21.—The Iowa
supreme court has handed down a de
cision holding that insurance written
against damages from automobile ac
cidents is void. The supremo court
held that it was against public policy
to allow a man to insure himself
against tbe result of his own careless
ness.
Drowned Expensive Automobile.
San Francisco, N ov . 21.—Obey
ing the orders of his employer, H. H.
Hart of Oakland, James Litz, a chauf
feur, ran a 84,500 automobile off tbe
rear of a ferry boat into San {Francis
co bay, when Hart's decision to
"drown" the machine after it had roll
ed up a repair bill amounting to
$2,000.
Prisoner Stole Jail Stove.
Kansas City, Nov . 20.-John Jones,
a negro trusty at No. 2 police station
in Kansas City, Kansas, was fined
$200 in police court yesterday for
stealing the station stove, wheeling it
to a junk shop in the station wheel
barrow and selling it for fifty-nine
cents. In addition to the $200, John
was sentenced to wheel tbe stove back
to the Btation and set it in its place
again.
"I see that you cannot be trusted"
said the judge in imposing sentence,
and he cautioned the workhouse
guards to see that he did not sell his
ball and chain.
New Boss of Treasury.
Washington, Nov . 20. — Carml
Thompson was appointed today treas
urer of the United States by President
Taft to succeed Lee McClung, who re
signed recently. Mr. Thompson will
assume his new duties tomorrow and
Charles D. Hilles, who was secretary
to the president before the beginning
of the last campaign, will return to
that post.
Denies Cabinet Rumors.
Hamilton, Bermuda, Nov . 21,—
"All statements about selections for
the cabinet may be disregarded until
I make the announcement myself "
declared president-elect Wilson j
n'ght when he w u ^ told of the reports
published in the Jjited States.
President-elect Wilao i sc ha had
not offered nort< Hred a p~3itiOL in
his cabinet to i«t jnu. it ig said that
William J. Bi. au has not been in*
vited to come to Bermuda and it i*
said be is no*) expected here during
the governor's stay.
MAKE WHOLESALE ARRESTS
Nearly Two Hundred Suspects Ac
cused of Criminal Acts.
Washington, N ov . 21.—One hun
dred and forty-t«o persons, including
D9 men and 43 women, bave been ar
rest d iu the government's anti-race
suicide crusade, according to compila
tion made today of figures in the di
vision of inspection in the postoffice
department. Forty-two business c in
cerns were inoluded in offioial reports,
approximately 50 representatives of
the concerns having been arrested.
The tabulations show no returns
thus far as to the arrest of 20 persons
Indicted by federal grand juries in
various parts of the country prior to
the raid. The total roundup will ex
ceed probably the total of 173 fixed
yesterday by the inspectors, because
arrests were made in a few cases in
Chicago and in the far west, where
the department did not know the cases
were ready. In very few instances
was there failure to make the arrest
determined upon.
Appointed Indian Commissioner.
Washington , Nov. 21.—Edwin E.
Ayer, a wealthy Chicagoan, has been
named by President Taft a member of
the board of Indian commissioners
which has supervision of the contracts
and purchase of supplies among the
Indians. Mr. Ayer has taken an in
terest for many years in the Indian
affairs, having presented a large col
lection of Indian relics valued at more
than $1,000,000 to the Field Museum
at Chicago.
Carnegie Gives Millions.
New York, N ov . 21.—An addition
of $2,000,000 to the endowment fund of
the Carnegie foundation for the ad
vancement of teaching was announced
by Andrew Carnegia at a meeting of
the trustees of his foundation here
The endowment now stands at $14,000,
000, with a million dollar surplus.
The gift was part of a grant of $5,000,
000 made in 190S, on which another
$2,000,000 is yet to come. The money
was conveyed to the trustees in steel
corporation bonds.
Baked 25,000 Apple Pies.
Spokane, N ov . 21. — Twenty five
thousand apple pies, rivaling those
like "mother ueed to matte," were
baked in an endless-chain oven 75 feet
long and served steaming hot to 25,
000 hungry persons at the Fifth Annual
Apple show and Enakops jubilee,
which closed Sunday evening.
The apples were first made into
sauce in the largest bailing pot ever
constructed, its dimensions being 18
feet high; 10 feet in diameter and Its
weight 3,500 pounds. From the kettle
the apples went between crusts as Ail
ing for pies. Then they began their
journey by endless chain through the
oven, which literally threw out pies to
tbe hungry crowds waiting at the exit.
Figuring one apple to each pie,
each pie being four inches in diameter,
25,000 apples, or nearly 40 carloads,
were baked and distributed free of
charge. It proved to be the most
spectacular feature ever given by the
apple show.
In its serious phase, the National
Apple show launched a movement de
signed to unite the states of Washing
ton, Oregon, Idaho and Montana into
one big unit for the co-operative dis
tribution of Pacifio Northwest apples
and other fruits.
Patient Sues Physician.
Spokane, Nov . 21. — Because he
didn't die, William Goldblalt, a
Spokane jeweler, has brought suit
against his physician, Dr. G. H.
Roher, for $15,000. Goldblatt alleges
in bis complaint that Dr. Roher told
him he had cancer of tbe stomach.
Believing recovery was impossible
and wishing to leave his property in
cash, Goldblatt sold bis business at a
sacrifice of $15,000. Be then sat down
and waited for death to claim him.
Becoming impatient at his continued
presence among the living, he con
sulted eastern specialists and dis
covered that he was in perfect health.
The filing of the suit followed.
Roosevelt Objects To Fusion.
New York, Nov . 20.— Theodore
Roosevelt and Oscar S. Straus ad
dressed a general conference of pro
gressive state leaders in session here
yesterday. The conference'was to de
cide the question of fusion in elections
hereafter, with particular reference to
s geeted fusion wilh anti-Tammany
iorces in New York.
It was Colonel Roosevelt's first
speech since the election. He said:
"There have been times when it was
said that we were merely a bolting
faction of one of tbe parties and would
attempt to fuse again with the party.
We wili not. In thi9jparty organiza
tion of ours ex democrats and ex-re
publicans stand alike. Both of tbe
old parties represent tbe same interest
and both of them stand on tbe vital
issues of the day, shoulder to Should
er, side by side, and it is our businet*
to show tbe people that they are de
luded when they are prevailed upon to
vote under either of tbe old parties."
Continuing Colonel Roosevelt de
clared he was in the ranks as a man
and not as a leader. He said that be
hoped that in no legislative assembly
in which tbe progressives had repre- "
sentation would there be any submis
sion to either of tbe old parties if tbey
desired to combine the men of the pro
gressive party with their party organ
ization.
Wilson Is Christian Gentleman.
Spokane, Nov . 20.—Anxious to
learn whether president elect Wilson
partakes of Scotch high balls, especi
ally when a little tired, as reported
recently, a member of tbe local option
city committee here communicated
with Mr. Wilson's pastor at Prince
ton N. J., and received the following
reply:
"Mr. Wilson Is a Christian geatle
man and of the highest type and a
temperance man, both In theory and
practice. His example both in eating
and drinking is worthy of'imitation
by all those who would follow the
apostolic injunction: "Whether ye eat
or drink or whatsoever ye do, do all
for the glory of God."
QUACK DOCTORS ARRESTED.
Federal Authorities Make Roundup
of Nostrum Vendors.
Washington, Nov . 20.—Postoffico
inspectors and United States mar
shals In 72 leading cities of the coun
try began today practically simultane
ous raids for the arrest of 173 per
sons charged with using the mails to
promote criminal medical practices,
or the sale of drugs and instruments
used for illegal purposes.
All of the arrests are to be made for
alleged violation of section 211 of the
penal code of the United States which
bars from the mails any vile or ob
scene matter; any advertisement let
ter or circular proposing or suggest
ing criminal practices; or any packet
containing any substance, drug, or
thing iutended to be us.'d for immoral
or unlawful purposes.
Chief Inspector Robert Sharp, of
the postoffice department, and many
of his force of 390 inspectors have
been working upon the cases for many
months. The development of tbe
pians which culminated jtoday is tbe
most extensive raid in the history of
any department of the government.
Approximately 20 per cent of those
arrested today are so-colled "pill doc
tors"—men who advertise their prac
tice by correspondence or otherwise—
and send to their patients, either by
mail or by express, various com^
pounds in tbe form of pills or powders«
Careful analysis of these compounds
by tbe government authorities Is said
to have disclosed that some of them
are wholly innocuous, while others
are dangerous poisons. Under an
other section of the penal code, tbe
sending of poisons through the mails
is expressly forbidden.
Favors Public Markets.
Chicago, Nov . 19. — Resolutions
were adopted at last night's meeting
of the city council calling on Mayor
Harrison to appoint a committee of
seven to report on the feasibility of
public markets in densely-populated
portions of the city as a means of
lessening the cost of living.
It was pointedfout that a market re
cently established in the congested
ghetto district had proved a success
and that it had been shown that com
modities could be purchased cheaper
at a public market than other places.
Lean Years Will Come.
Minneapolis, Nov . 19.—The needs
of the Northwest with regard to proper
agricultural development and the
financial problems of the United States
as they relate to the agriculture of the
Northwest were the principal themes
for discussion today at the opening
session of the second annual Minne
sota Conservation and Agricultural
Development congress, held in connec
tion with the Northwestern Products
exposition here.
James J. Hill was the principal
speaker, delivering an addeess on
agricultural development in Minne
sota. "Seasons like the present are
only breathing spaces for rectifying
the errors of tbe past," he said.
"The lean years will come again.
They will be leaner than ever unless
the lessons of experience are accepted.
Men are being wasted in the city who
are needed in the country. We must
recognize the farm as the corner stone
of national prosperity and of national
character."

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