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The River Press
Terms ef Subscription: TAYABUM IK ADVANCE. .92 00 . 1 00 OFFICIAL PAPER OF CHOUTEAU COUNTY JUI Utter s and communication* containing mat itr Mended for publication in this paper should ft* addressed to "The River Pre»*," and the name UU writer mutt 6* given to insure attention. fiffr' advertisement! will be inserted in these MhMM at tM?rat*W ten cents per line from transient »näßte cents per line from regular ad WEDNESDAY. NOV. 27, 1812. WILL THE PEOPLE RULE? Political statisticians who have made careful study of official returns of the recent election find that a large proportion of the successful candi dates won by a pluralty only. They failed to receive a majority of the votes cast by the electorate, but under the rules of the game they secured the coveted honors. The situation may be illustrated by reference to Montana election returns which may not be accurate in every particular, but are sufficiently so to make an interesting exhibit. They tell a story that could be duplicated by using the returns from many other states throughout tbe country. According to the Montana election returns, the state went democratic by casting about 28,230 votes for Wilson electors, while the total vote in Mon tana for president was about 80,000. The anti-Wilson vote in Montana waB distributed approximately as follows: Progressive 22,450; republican 18,400; socialist 10,830— a total of about 51, 680, compared with the 28,230 votes cast for democratic electors. In the adjoining state of Idaho, the total vote for presidential electors was about 92,370, of which less than 34,000 is credited to the democratic presi dential electors. But Mr. Wilson, under tbe rules of the game, carries Idaho, because the 58,000 voters who were opposed to his candidacy divided tbeir support among other aspirants for presidential honors. A similar situation is developed by analysis of the vote cast for represent atives in congress. In Montana the high vote was polled by Tom Stout, one ot the democratic nominees, whose total is approximately 25,860. The aggregate vote of Messrs. Pray, Everett and Le Beau—the republican, progressive and socialist candidates— is about 50,420. This exhibit shows that Mr. Stout was elected by about one-third of the Montana voters, the remaining two-thirds being in opposi tion. The comparison might be extended to considerable length, the data demon strating that many members-elect of the legislative assembly and other public officials were not the choice of a majority of thelvoters. This result, of course, is duo to the multiplicity of political parties, caus ing division in the ranks of the elec torate. Similar conditions have de veloped in political contests of tbe past, the rules of tho game providing that a pluralty shall effect election. This is a feature of our election machinery that calls for attention by statesman who profess a desire that the people shall rule. It cannot consistently be claimed that a legisla tive body chosen by about one-third of the voters is truly representative'of a majority of the electorate. Such a body of law makers is not commis sioned to carry out a program em bodied In a political platform that was repudiated by more than one half of the voters. It has the power to adopt such a program, but the exercise of such power cannot be de fended as a response to the mandate of tbe people. TWO PATRON SAINTS. Democracy has two patron saints— one they worship when the picking is poor and the other is for the season of fatness. It is a convenient arrange ment. When they are out, it is Thomas Jefferson at whose shrine they make their devotions. When they are in, it is Andrew Jackson to whom they turn with the adoration born of years of denial and abnega tion. During the years which have elapsed since the Cleveland administration, the democrats have worked Jefferson overtime. The high Ideals and the purity of purpose of the great Vir ginian have been helpful in encourag ing that lofty spirituality which fol lows denial of the flesh. Through the wilderness of the post-Cleveland per iod, while democracy has sought com fort in tightening Its belt successive notches, wan in body but pure in heart, Jefferson has been the sustain ing saint. Upon Jefferson have the faithful called to bear witness to their elevated soul-state and to prove their condition of exaltation. And now, as they stand at Nebo and look forth upon the promised land, (he wilderness behind them and thq, valleys of fatness ahead, the faithful turn to that other saint, Andrew Jack son, and proceed to loosen their belts and lick their chops. Under the ban ner of St. Andrew they advance upon tbe pie counter. Inscribed upon that banner is the Jacksonlan motto, "To the victors belongs the spoils." It is happy reading for the famished horde which oan hardly wait for the appoint ed hour of the distribution. Cast aside is the Jefferson purity. Tbe picture of the Sage of Monticello is turned toward the wall. His pure inspiration is forgotten and in its stead we find the doctrine of the rollicking prophet of tbe plain people, the founder of the pie counter, the original dispenser of public patron age. The eraser sweeps across the board, wiping out all tbe lofty declarations of the years of spiritual ecstacy; upon the fresh surface the moving finger writes and having writ, moves on. These are the words which are traced upon the board, the words which will be the guiding motive of the famished multitude as it moves forward under the oriflamme of Andrew: "To the victor belong the pickings and, verily they are fat." Jefferson has been their guide through tbe wilderness, their Moses and their prophet. Now turn they to their Joshua, who is to be the lead er in the new Canaan, and they bail andrew Jackson as the one real thing in the line of saints. Cobwebs will deck the shrine of Jefferson; forgotten will ba the vows of tbe period of penance. The pie counter is spread and the feast is bountiful. Tbe era of poor picking is almost at an end. Many are called and out of that many some will be chosen. Well-trod will be the path to the newly furnished shrine of Andrew. For Andrew it was who gave the tocsin: "To the victor belong tbe pickings and, verily, they are fat."—The Missoulian. Thanksgiving Day Proclamation. By President Taft A God-fearing nation, like ours, owes it to its inborn and sincere sense of moral duty to testify its devout gratitude to the All Giver for the countless benefits it has enjoyed. For many years it has been customary at the close of the year for the national executive to urge upon his fellow coun trymen to offer praise and thanks to God for the manifold blessings vouch safed to them in the past and to unite in earnest suppliance for their con tinuance. The year now drawing to a close has been notably favorable to our fortun ate land. At peace within and with out, free from the perturbation of calamities that have afflicted other peoples, rich in harvests so abundant and industries so productive that the overflow of our prosperity has ad vanced the whole world, strong in the steadfast devotion of the heritage of self government bequeathed to us by the wisdom of our fathers, and firm in the resolve to transmit that heritage unimpaired but rather improved by good use to our children and our children's children for all time to come, the people of this country have abounding cause for contented grati tude. Wherefore, l, William Howard Taft, president of the United States of America, In pursuance of long estab lished usage and in response to the wish of the American people, In vite my countrymen, wheresoever they may sojourn, to join on Thursday, the 28th day of this month of Novem ber, in appropriate ascription of praise and thanks to God for the good gifts that have been our portion and in humble prayer that his great mercies toward us may endure. Elected By One Vote. They seem to have a reasonably close election out in California, where the colonel's electors and those of Governor Wilson are apparently separated by less than fifty votes, but for closeness It Isn't comparable with an affair of the polls In Massachusetts nearly three-quarters of a century ago, according to the Hartford Times. In 1840 the Bay state democrats were ruuning Marcus Morton for governor against the brilliant Edward Everett, who had occupied tbe chair since 1835. Morton was elected by just one vote, although tbe total cast was over 100, 000. Pertinent Paragraphs. Why not make the Hon. William J. Bryan governor general of the Philip pines and then withdraw the army of occupation, This year's supply of democrats Is referred to as a "bumper crop." It Is not as big as four years ago but there Is no room for doubt that it was a "bumper." Governor Wilson was elected on a free trade platform; but still, no president wants to go into history as a hard times president. The gover nor is perplexed. Just what Uncle Joe Cannon said when he learned he had been defeated has not yet been printed, and will not be. No newspaper wants to be ex cluded from the mails. The Good Fellow. "He 'B what I call a good fellow." "At home or at the club?"—Ex change. Montana Voters Enacted Laws. Helena, Nov. 23.— While complete returns have not been received of tbe vote on the referendum and Initiative measures submitted at the recent elec tion in Montana, sufficient returns have been received to show the fate of all of them. The referendum measure having for its object the repeal-of tbe Donohue military law, was successful by a vote of three to one. The initia tive measures, which included a law for direct primaries, another for direct election of United States sena tors and for tbe voting directly on presidential candidates, carried by votes of two to one. So far as the returns have been re ceived , none of the initiative measures failed to receive a majority in any county. Fatal Disease Attacks Buffalo. Livingston, Nov. 25.— The Yellow stone National park herd of buffalo, consisting of more than 200 head and considered one of the finest bison herds in the world, is threatened with extinction by an infectious disease known as hemorrhagic septicemia, which has broken out among the ani mals. Dr. W. S. Newman, govern ment veterinary surgeon, arrived here today from North Dakota and left for the park, where he will vaccinate tbe herd. Tbe mortality of the disease in domestic cattle has been placed at 90 per cent, but among the buffalo it has proved 100 per cent, not a single animal attacked by it having escaped. The authorities are puzzled to know how tbe disease was communicated to the buffalo in the Interior of the park, as it is generally communicated through food and there has been no way in which these animals could have been exposed so far as known. Gov ernment veterinarians have been sent to the park and will endeavor to dis cover a cure for the ailment. Seized Big Liquor Shipment. Kansas City , Mo., Nov. 21.— Sixty barrels of whiskey and 60 barrels of beer, consigned to Tulsa, Okla., as a carload of bran, were seized here last night in the St. Louis & San Francisco railway yards by officers of the de partment of justice. Officers sav that fictitious names were used by both consigner and consignee. It was the largest shipment of liquor intended for Oklahoma ever intercepted here. Arrests will be made upon charges of shipping liquor without labels and of shipping liquor into an Indian coun try. Crusade Against Xmas Presents. New Yokk , Nov. 22. —Mrs. August Belmont, Miss Anne Morgan and other prominent New York women, are among the founders of a new organiza tion, the "Society for the Prevention of Useless Giving." The society will do its utmost to abolish the "exchange system of giving Christmas presents among those who can ill-afford it." Fatalities On Football Field. Chicago , Nov. 25.—Ten dead and 3 6 lojured is the record of the 1912 football season so far. Last year there were 14 deaths and 67 injured, according to statistics compiled by a Chicago newspaper. Of the fatalities this year, three were high school play ers and seven were members of other teams. No college players were kill ed this year for the first time in several years. Of the injured seven were college players, nine high school, two grade school players and eight members of athletic clubs. Kalispell, Nov . 22.—The body of Joseph Waigel, of Kallspell, a hunter, lost in the Wolf creek country in the western Flathead country, just two weeks ago, was found today after a search of several days. It was found where the man bad shot a deer and later where he had tried to start afire, but failed. A reward of $1,000 had been offered by Kalispell friends for the finding of Waigel, dead or alive. When Solid Iron Floats. Experiments show that If a ball of solid Iron is lowered Into a mass of liquid Iron by means of a metal fork the ball at first sinks to the bottom with the fork. But in a few seconds It leaves the prongs and rises to the surface, where It continues to float un til it melts. Tbe rising Is explained by the expansion of the ball, due to heat ing, whereby it becomes, bulk for bulk, less dense than the molten metal. Her Reasons. "Bo you want to Interest yourself in politics 7" ' "Well," replied the energetic woman, "1 kind o* thought maybe that if 1 could 'tend to the politics for the fam ily John would find time to stay home and put up some shelves in the pan try."—Washington Star. Past Masters. Farmer's Son (watching copyist in gallery)—Wotever be she doing, fey therT Farmer—She be copying, like. Te see, some o' these 'ere old master pictures be wery old, so coorse they 'as to replace 'em every now an' again, same as wall paper.—London Punch "Prints All The News." If any reader of the Hiver Press considers it worthy of recommendation to friends, the favor will be very high ly appreciated by its publishers. ». ^CHRISTMAS.... 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