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Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday December 4, 1912. No. 7 CONGRESS BEGINS BUSINESS. Short Session Will Continue Until March 4, 1913. Washington , Deo. 2.— Congress met promptly at noon today for the short session that will terminate with the incoming of the democratic ad ministration March 4. Crowded gal ferles looked down on the animated ecenes on the floor as Speaker Clark in the house and Senator Bacon, president of the senate, rapped the re* e pecti ve bodies to order at the stroke of 12. Senators surged through the doors at the last moment and it took some time to secure order for the pr ayer by the chaplain, the Rev. U. G. B. Pierce. Failure of members of the house to reach the floor delayed the opening of the session of the house tu about a minute after the hour of noon. When Speaker (Clark climbed the stairs to the rostrum he was greeted by applause from the floor and crowd ed galleries. The roll call by states followed. When the name of former speaker Can non was called the members rose and applauded and cheered the veter an legislator, whose services at this session will conclude 40 years in the halls of congress. "Uncle Joe" rose in his place and bowed his acdnowledgment of the greetings. After the adoption of the customary resolution to appoint members of a joint committee to notify the presi dent that congress had assembled, Senator Lodge moved that the senate meet tomorrow at 11 o'clock. It was adopted without debate, the purpose being to give time for the reading of President Taft's message before the hour set for the convening of the Arch bald court of impeachment. Senator Root gava the senate the formal notification of the death of Viee President Sherman. Resolu tions were adopted conveying the senate's sympathy to the family of the late vice president. Direct Payment of Pensions. Washington , Dec. 1. — The new system of paying all persons on the federal pension rolls direct from Washington instead of through the 18 pension agencies, is being put into effect by the pension bureau. Checks are being sent to 300,000 pensioners covered by the agencies. For the first timn in history the pensioners will be paid without the formality of vouchers, the checks serv ing the same purpose by requiring endorsement by the pensioneer in the presence of two witnesses. The pen sioner also must show to the endorsers his certificates, the number of which must tally with the certificate number of the checks. The new system obviates the necessity of receipts from the pensioners. Dynamite Suspects Discharged. Indianapolis , Dec. 2.— Four of the 45 defendants in the "dynamite con spiracy" trial were discharged today by the government on the ground that the charges against them had not been sustained. The government said its release of the above defendants did not affect the merits of the remaining cases. Herbert S. Hockin, named by wit nesses as the man who organized the McNamara "dynamite crew" and later became a spy in the ranks of the union against OrtleE. McManigal and others, resigned today as secretary treasurer of the International Associa tion of Bridge & Structural Iron workers. Big Crowd At Pie Counter. Chicago , Dec. 2.— Democratic office seekers crowded the corridors of the city hall and county building before daylight this morning as a preliminary to assumption of office by the newly elected officials. At 4 o'clock in the morning the throng of job hunters numbered several hundred and an army of bailiffs was necessary to maintain order. For the first time In several years the democrats controled practically all the city and county offices and the rush for the places held by republicans led democratic party workers to appear at the buildings long before daylight. Decoys For Purse Snatchers. Chicago , Deo. 1. — Half a dozen slim, graceful, beardless and small footed detectives were selected here today to be dressed up in women's clothes with muffs and tempting look ing purses to decoy some of the army of purse snatchers that have descended on this city. The innovation was the idea of Cap tain Wm. Cudmore of the North Shore district. He spent part of the after noon picking out the men and giving The River Press. the orders for their street dresses. The assignment Is not desired by the policemen who are eligible for such duty and the likely ones are trembling In fear of having to don high heeled shoes and corsets. Senate Equally Divided. Baltimore , Nov. 29.—Governor Goldsborough announcad tonight the appointment of William P. Jackson, republican national committeeman for Maryland, to succeed the late United States Senator Isidor B. Rayner. He will serve uctil the legislature which meets in January, 1913, fills what will then be an unexpirld term of three years. The legislature at that time also will elect a succeseor to Senator John Walter Smith, demo crat, whose term will expire in 1915. Washington, Nov . 30.—The ap pointment of William P. Jackson, a republican, as the successor to the late senator Rayner of Maryland, re duces the öuppposed democratic ma jority in the new senate to a point very near the dividing line. Before Senator Riyncr's death, the democra tic leaders counted on having 49 votes or more than a majority. Now they count on only 48, with the democratic vice president to cast the deciding vote in case of a tie. WILL BE SHORT SESSION. Congress Will Have Little Time For General Legislation. Washington , Nov. 30.— How to dispose of 91,000,000,000 worth of an nual appropriation bills and transact all other general legislation in 26 days is the problem worrying Speaker Clark and his associate managers of the house of representatives. Repub lican Leader Mann, just back from Panama, dropped in today to greet the speaker. "We did not make any plans for the session," said Mr. Manu later, with mild cyniciEm. "The truth is the democrats, now they have come into power, are afraid to do anything im portant at this short session for fear it will put them on record for the future." Speaker Clark agreed that no plans for the future had been considered, but be took a different view of the reasons why no general legislation of importance is likely to be enacted at the winter session. "There are actually only about 26 free days of work on appropriation bills and general measure?," said the speaker. "There are 92 days in the session. Take out 13 Sundays, 14 for the Christmas holidays, 13 Mondays which are donated alternately to Dis trict of Columbia and pension legisla tion, 13 Wednesdays which are given by ironclad rule to bills on the regu lar calendar and 13 Fridays devoted alternately to claims and private bills and there are left but 26 unencumbered days for general work." Dixon""Will Get Busy. Washington, Nov. 30.— Senator Dixon, during the short session of congress, will attempt to get final action on the several bills affecting Montana which did not receive con sideration at the last session Among the measures he will press for con sideration are the following: Authorizing an additional federal judge for Montana; providing for the opening of the Crow Indian reserva tion; authorizing the appointment of a superintendent of Glacier National park and granting authority over the United JStates government; authoriz ing a weather bureau station at Mis soula to cost 818,000; increasing the Billings public building to 9185,000; appropriating 960,000 additional for the Missoula public buildings, and establishing the Jefferson park game preserve. Prohibits Rag Time Dances. Sacramento , Cal., Nov. 30.—"Rag time" dancing ended its lawful career in Sacramento at midnight Thursday night, when an ordinance, adopted 30 days ago to prohibit immoral danelng in public became effective. The pro prietors of the dance halls ordered the ordinance strictly complied with. After midnight the orchestras in the dance balls played waltzes. The two step was indulged in as well as other "military" styles of the sort. New Test For Immigrants. ^Washington , Nov. 29.—The pas sage of laws prescribing a literary test for prospective immigrants into the United States by both house and senate at the coming session of con gress was predicted today by Repre sentative Burnett of Alabama, chair man of the house immigration com mittee. Mr. Burnett declared that he had been assured of enough votes in the house to pass the measure and that there was little opposition in the senate. ADVERTISING MONTANA. Exhibits At Land Show Were Center of Attraction. Billings, Nov . 28 —An immense | amount of good will accrue to Mon tana from the publicity given at the lands products exposition which closed last week in Minneapolis, and the etaio is Dow in a position to receive the greatest increase in population In Ita history, is the belief of J. L. Moore, traveling Immigrant agent of the Northern Pacific, who has just return ed to this city. Mr. Moore says, taken as a whole, the products exhibited by Montana far outclassed those from any of the other states and that fully 80 per cent of the 160,000 persons in attendance were making more inquiry regarding this state than any of the northwestern group. Mr. Moore said he gave away nearly 30,000 booklets descriptive of the state's resources and that each of thos> were placed in the hands of persous who voluntarily inquired for them. The exhibits shown at Minneapolis will be sent to New York, where they will be made part of a permaueut d s play, and four new cars have been fitted with products of the finest sort. These cars will be taken through all states of the central west and the re sult will be widespread publicity for Montana. Pension Payments Increase. Washington , Nov. 29.—Appropria tions of nearly 8200,000,000 of pen sions to veterans of American wars will be necessary at the short session of congress that opens Monday. The unusual sum, exceeding all appropria tions of former years, will be neces sary to make up a deficit of nearly 820,000,000 resulting from the iocrease of pensions under the Sherwood law of last summer. Estimates obtained by members of congress today indicate that the regu lar pension bill probably will carry about 8175,000,000. This, in itself, will be a record breaking total. The pension bureau has enough money for the present hut will run «hört hetweon March 4 and July 1, when the new fiscal year begins, unless it gets the extra 820,000,000. Adjusting Railway Mail Rates. I Washington , Nov. 29.— Readjust- : ment of railway mail was the subject I of a conference between Postmaster ' General Hitchcock and representatives j of several of the larger railway sys tems of the country. The railways now are paid according to the weight of mail carried, while Mr. Hitchcock proposed to pay according to the amount of car space actually used. Figures compiled at the postoffice department as to the actual cost of carrying the mails indicate that under the present system many roads are receiving an exorbitant amount, while some of the smaller lines are actually losing money. Under the weight system the govern ment pays approximately 850,000,000 a year to the railways for carrying mail. Mr. Hitchcock contends that if his plan is adopted it will result in an annual saving of not less than 89,000,000. Taft Will Name Commission. Washington , Nov. 29.—President Taft Is expected to determine upon the membership of the industrial commis sion before the Christmas holidays are over. This commission is regarded by Mr. Taft as one of the most important authorized by congress in recent years and will examine the whole subject of the relations of labor and capital. Hundreds of names have been suggest ed from which the president must select nine men—three employers of labor, three representatives of labor and three other persons. World's Heaviest Woman. Montreal , Nov. 29.—Mrs. Justin Masson, who weighed 770 pounds, and is said to have been the largest woman in the world, died here today. Sever al months ago she became insane and taken in charge by the Assistante Publique. In the institution she be came notorious for exploits of strength when in a frenzy. Even the walls of her room failed to restrain her and It was necessary to build a round house outside the main building for her. Conference of Progressives. Washington, Nov . 29.—Senator Dixon, chairman of the progressive national committee, who has just re turned from a visit to Oyster Bay, said today that Colonel Roosevelt would attend the national conference of progressive leaders, to be held in Chicago on December 10 and 11. Mr. Dixon has expressed the opinion that Governor Johnson would dttei.o. He announced tiat thee woull be a meeting of t'le execu ivd c moiittee of the national committee December 9. Senator Dixro declared he had receiv ed many letters from progressives and he felt assured of a large atten dance of representative men from the various states. The conference he said, would be devoted largely to devising ways and means for carrying on the work of organizing in the next four years. Democrats Want Office Washington, Nov. 29.— That an effoet will be mi.de to suspend Presi dent Taft's executive order of October 15, whereby about 36,0.10 fourth class postmasters were placed under the civil service, became known today, when Represent m i ve Cordell Hull of Tennessee said the democrats in con press who are already in Washing ton have conferred informally on the subject, acd there was an overwhelm ing sentiment in favor of having the order revoked. Representative Hull su'd P.'ebldent-elect Wilson, under the civil service law, would have the pow er to revoke President Taft's order. Horse Meat In Sausage. Chicago, Nov. 30. —Hundreds of unsuspecting Chicägoaus have been eating hur»e cuent recently, accord ing to investigations of the city health deparimeu'. A.-sistant Health Com missioner Hoehler announced today he would ask for a warrant for the arrest of a north side sausage manu facturer. The health department in vestigators say they have evidence that at least one butcher on the north side has been selling horse meat from a slaughter house in a suburb. They also assert that a number of sausage makers have been using horse meat in preparing their product for the market. It is reported that most of the sausage with horse meat as an ingredient has been suld t > saloons for use on free lunch counters. Would Postpone Inaugural Show. Hamilton , Bermuda, Nov. 30.-Gov Woodrow Wilson is willing to take his oilth of office as president of the United States without ostentation on March 4, and that the formal ceremo nies that every four years attract maoy visitors to Washington should be postponed until the last Thursday in April. Many persons have urged the presi dent-elect to sanction a postponement of the inaugural ceremonies without realizing that this cannot be done without aa act of congress, and that it is impossible now to change the forth-coming ceremony, as far as the taking of the oath is concerned. Mr. Wilson's statement however indicates his sympatny with later inauguration movement and implies that he gladly will assent to a delay of the show fea tures of the event if an agreement to this end can be reached. Bryan Has Model Farm. Mission , Texas, Nov. 28.—Colonel William J. Bryan owns a farm of 200 acres near here, and is bringing this farm into an intense state of culti vation, growing produce for northern markets. The method of farming which he applies to the land requires the employment of an unusual number of laborers and Mexicans as on other ranches hereabouts. Mr. Bryan is rapidly making his farm one of the show places of south Texas. He will soon begin the erec tion of a country home here at a cost of 8100,000. It is reported it will be the finest farm residence In the state. Popular Vote For President. New Yokk , Nov. 27.— The popular vote for president in the election of 1912 shows that Wilson polled through out the country a total of 6,156,955 votes: Roosevelt 3,928,211, and Taft 3,295,612. The socialist vote for Debs amoun ted to 674,783 with the socialist count still unfinished in seven states; Chafin 161,008. In Montana Wilson polled 28,230 votes, Roosevelt 22,448, Taft 18,404 Debs 10,828. In 1908 Bryan's popular vote was 6,393,182 and that of Taft 7,637,676. Rejected Woman Suffrage. Madison, Nov. 29.— The proposed woman's suffrage amendment in Wis consin was defeated at the recent elec tion by a majority of 91,478, accord ing to the official returns. The total vote on the proposed amendment was 135,546 for and 227,024 against. Three other amendments voted on at the re cent election carried. As She Had Heard It. Kindergarten Teacher—What animal is called tbe king of beasts? Scholar Pa when ma's mad! WANT ALASKA C0AL. Mining Congress Favors Open Policy By Government. Spokane, Nov. 27.— A law which would take the determination of tne validity of Alaska coal claims from the hands of the department of the interior and place It in the hands of tbe federal courts w** Indorsed by the American mining congress today. A resolution was adopted favoring a federal law providing that all Alaska coal claimants who filed on their claims prior to the withdrawal order of Nov. 12, 1906, be permitted to bring action against the United States in the federal courts oi Alaska with right of appeal to tbe United States circuit and United States supreme courts to establish the vadidity of their claims, tbe final act of the courts to be con clusive, the claims declared invalid being canceled thereby, and the issu ing of patents becoming mandatory for those claims declared valid. Other resolutions adopted included a recommendation to President-elect Wilson that he appoint a man from one of the so called public lands states as secretary of the interior, and that congress direct the forest service to aid In building and maintaining roads to isolated mining camps within forest reserves. The congress will urge that an appropriation be made for tbe compiling and publishing of mining statistics by the census bureau. Petition Two Miles Long. San Francisco, Nov . 28. — The libe rty bell petition, mounted on a huge reel and containing the signatures of nearly 500,000 school children of California, started on its journey to Philadelphia today after being paraded down Market street with military bouors. When the Phila delphia authorities showed an unwiil ness to send the liberty bell to Sau Francisco for the Panama-Pacific in ternational exposition in 1915 it was decided to make an appeal to them in the form of a petition signed by Cali fornia school children. The plan proved a success and the signatures pasted together make a string nearly two miles Ion*:. Taft Is Not a Candidate. Washington, Nov. 28.— President Taft has quietly informed friends that no matter how active his participation in a reorganization of the republican party may he, he is not to be regarded nor publicly referred to in political speeches by republicans as a possible candidate for the presidency in 1916. The president intends to do all in his power to help rejuvenate the party and probably will make many pol tical speeches before March 4, and after he enters private life, but, according to close friends, he Is in the fleht to con tinue the party, and to try to return it to power as the man who had been Its standard bearer for four years and not as a man seeking a renomination four years hence. To Pension Ex-Presidents. Washington, Nov . 28.— Represent a tive Albert S. Burleson of Texas will Introduce a bill to give ex-presidentB the privileges of the house that a dele gate from one of the territories enjoys. The measure will provide a salary of 817,000 annually and prohibit an ex-presidential member from serving on committees or voting. This bill is founded upon the suggestion of Will iam J. Bryan to let ex-presidents take part in the debates of congress. Representative Henry D. Clayton of Alabama has announced that he will ask the house before Christman to pass his bill limiting tbe service of a president to one term of six years. He hopes to have the senate accept the measure before tbe session is over. Patrick Receives Pardon. Albany , N. Y., Nov. 27.— Albert T Patrick, who is serving a life santence in Sing Sing prison for the murder of Wm. March Rice, an aged million aire, in New York city on September 23, 1900, was pardoned tonight by Governor Dix. Patrick, who was saved from the electric chair by the late Gevernor Higglns in December, 1906, has made a remarkable fight for freedom. A lawyer by profession, he protested when Governor Riggins commuted the death sentence to life imprisonment, declaring the governor had no legal right to cancel the original sentence and impose a punishment of life im prisonment. Large Campaign Contribution. Albany, N. Y., Nov . 26 —Contribu tions amounting to 8668,869 to aid the candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt for the presidency, were received by the national committee of the progressive party, acoording to a certificate giving the final figures filed with the secretary of state. The sxpenses of the com mittee were 9541,980. George W. Perkin gave the national committee 8130,000, and tbe state com mittee 910,000, while Frank A. Munsey contributed 9101,250 to the national committee and 920,000 to tbe New York state committee. Will Not Need Ticklers. Washington , Nov. 26.— The Dis trict Commissioners will not permit the use of "ticklers" during tbe inaug uration of President elect Wilson. A 'tickler" is a small bunch of feathers on a long stem used to tickle some* body's nose. The commissioners hold that the democrats will be tickled enough withoui any such contrivan ces. Expenses of Candidates. Washington , Nov. 26.— Complete returns received by the clerk of tbe house of representatives show the fol lowing amounts expended by various candidates for congress in Montana in their respective campaigns for nomination and election: Tom Stout, democrat, nothing; John M. Evans, democrat, 8170; Charles N. Pray, republican, 81,000; W. R. Allen, republican, 8621; George A. Horkan, progressivs, 8212; Thomas M. Everett, progressive, 8520. Preparing For Parcels Post. Washington, Nov. 26.— In order that adequate facilities may be pro vided for handling parcels-post busi ness with efficiency and on a country wide scale at the outset January 1, Postmaster General Hitchcock has asked every postmaster In tbe United States to obtain information from the business public as to probable ex tent the new system will be used. PROTECTING PIE COUNTER. Democratic Senators Want Public Offices For Democrats. Washington, Nov . 26.—Senator Myers of Montana, after talks had with other democratic senators, Is of tbe opinion that the senate will refuse to confirm nominations sent to it by President Taft during the short ses sion, especially where nominations are to fill terms which expire between De cember 2 and March 4. Democratic senators generally are disposed to hold these appointments, allowing in cumbents to serve until March 4, that all such offices may be available for democratic appointees when the new administration opens. In Montana several important post offices become vacant during tbe short sessiou of congress and Senator Myers believe no new appointments should be made to those offices, for if republi cans are appointed this winter they will serve practically ^throughout the Wilson administration. The santor rather takes the position that the present postmasters should be allow ed to serve until March| 4 and then make way for democrats. In regard to either presidential post masters and federal officers in Montana appointed prior to election for the foui-year term, he says he favors al lowing them to serve out their appoint ed terms and then be replaced by democrats. In other words, he would not disturb officials now in office until their terms expire. Senator Dixon Will Retire. Washington, Nov . 25.—Senator Dixon today authorized denial of the report that he intends taking charge of the progressive^publlclty bureau of this city during the coming four years. The bureau will be established here, but will be in charge of Oscar King Davis, who assisted Mr. Dixon during the recent campaign. Senator Dixon says be intends returning to Montana as soon as the short seesslon of con gress ends, and that he has no regrets upon his retirement from congress. He believes the progressive and democratic parties will be the leading political organizations of tbe country from this time on, and that the re publican party, as now constituted, has ended its usefulness. Suit Against Sugar Company. NewYork, Nov . 26.—Having col lected 82,135,486 from the American Sugar Refining company, 8695,304 from Arbuckie Bros, and 8604,304 from tbe National Sugar Refining company in customs suits, mainly for underweigblng cargoes, the depart ment of justice has brought suit on the same account for $119,080.98 against the Federal Sugar Refining company. The complaint charges underwelgh ing of cargoes from 1902 to 1909. Col lector Leeb furnished tbe figures at the time that he compiled his findings against the other companies.