The River Press
Published every Wednesday Morning
by the River Press Publish
VOTERS ENACT LAWS.
The voting of Montana citizens on
the various initiative and referendum
meaauees before them at the recent
election indicates that these reform
laws are working satisfactorily in this
Btate. No matter whether one may
agree with the conclusion of these
voters or not, he must agree that the
result of the balloting was clearly
carrying out what a majority of the
people desire. Take the primary
measures as an example. The people
of Montana have unquestionably de
sired such laws for a considerable
period, and they were defeated in their
wishes by the machinations of the
political bosses who feared lessening
of politieal power as a result of their
adoption. The political differences
that have existed between the two
branches of the legislature have
enabled them to defeat primary meas
uree, and to a considerable extent to
cover up their tracks. As a result,
through the initiative possibilities,
the question was taken out of the
hands of the legislature and the bosses
who control It and passed upon by
the people themselves. For this the
People's Power league of Montana
deserves a large measure of credit.
This result plainly points a course
of action for the future when the legis
lative powers are recalcitrant—and,
further, it will prove a means of mak
ing the legislature more amenable to
public opinion and the pledges of plat
forms. It is to be hoped that the
Power league will continue in exist
ence; and after the coming session of
the legislature, should that body fail
to carry out the democratic platform
pledges in any way, through that
league the questions should be passed
up to the people for action two years,
In fact, one of the measures promised
in that platform is likely to force the
submission of many propositions to
the people if it is put in force. One
plank of that platform calls for legis
lation which would enable the gov
ernor to institute legislation and pass
it to the people if the legislature does
not approve of the proposed law
Had such a law been in force in the
past Montana would have had these
primary laws long ago, for Governor
Norris, and before him Governor
Toole urged them upon the legislative
body. The same plank calls for the
submission to the people of bills pass
ed by the lesrielaUire and vetoed by the
governor. There is do objection to
that, but in the past history of the
e'a'e there has been less necessity of
this as the governors have nearly
always beea more progressive than
the legislative bodies.
There is ever lesseciog opposition
to the initiative and referendum as its
operations are seen in the various
states; aDd the experience of Montana
—although the law here is not ideal
but somewhat difficult of operation—
should lead to the broadening of its
scope ana to the simplifying of its
operation.—Great Falls Tribune.
WATCH MONTANA GROW.
Oae of the best evidences that new
and permanent, settlers are coming to
Montana Is shown in the large sales
of state lands which are constantly
being made, and all of the moneys so
received represent a material growth
and development of the state's
sources. According to the report made
by the register of the state land office,
there was received from the sale of
lands for the previous thirty days the
amount of 1345,533.10. From the be
ginning of the fiscal year last June
up to tbe present time, the sales ag
gregated 92,298,533.01. For the past
calendar year, from last January to
the present date, there were taken in
from the sale of lands 93,700,000.
It is not known how many settlers
are represented by this large amount
of money, says the Helena Indepen
dent, but it shows in no uncertain
way, that Montana is progressing
markably well in the development of
its agricultural lands. Under the law
all tbe moneys derived from tbe sale
of these lands is for the benefit of tbe
school system of the state, and with
progressive development of tbe schools
there must necessarily come a higher
standard of citizenship. The stale at
tbe present time owns land at the
er*<mated value of (50,000,000, and ac
cd . ding to tbe sales of the past year
If tbe same ratio should continue,
these would all be disposed of within
the next twelve or fifteen years, which
in the same time would bring many
thousand more settlers. It does not
appear to be an unwise mot» to dis
pose of the lands as soon nossible,
for this would mean an ac vj'ation
of a large fund, the Interest on which
would in itself contribute liv ely to
the support of the schools much
of tbe priucipal remain intacu
Tbe point that stands out ia this
transaction is most encouraging, for
there is notbiup at the present time
that is more need. 3 in Montana iùuu
new settlers and many of them.
Divining Rod Is Useless.
The United Stales geological survey
states in Water Supply Paper 255,
entitled "Underground Waters for
Farm Use," just reissued, that no ap
pliance, either mechanical or electric,
has yet been devised that will detect
water in places where plain common
sense and close observation will not
show its presence just as well. Num
erous mechanical devices have been
proposed for detecting the presence of
underground water, ranging in com
plexity from the simple forked branch
of witch hazel, peach, or other tree to
more or less elaborate mechanical or
electric contrivances. Many of the
operators of theee devices, especially
those who use the home cut forked
branch, are entirely honest in the be
lief that the working of the rod is In
fluenced by agencies—usually regard
ed as electric currents following un
derground streams of water—that are
entirely independent of their own
bodies, and many people have implicit
faith in their own and others ability
to locate underground water in this
In experiments with a rod made from
forked branch it seemed to turn
downward at certain points independ
ent of the operator's will, but more
complete tests showed that this down
turning results from slight and, until
watched for, unconscious muscular
action, the effects of which were com
municated through the arms and wrists
to the rod. No movement of the rod
from causes outside the body could
be detected, and it soon becama ob
vious that the view held by other men
of science is correct—that the opera
tion of the "divining rod" is generally
due to unconscious movemetts of the
body or of the muscles of the hand
The experiments made show that these
movements occur most frequently at
places where the operator's experience
has ied him to believe that water may
An Essay On Eggs
An egg is composed of four parts,
the shell, the yolk, thi white and the
price. TLe shell is very fragile like
one of the ten commandments,
can be broken without an effort.
price is the biggest part of
egg and Its greatest protection.
price alone has saved millions of inno
cent young eggs from being boiled and
Ëggs are very delicate, and spoil
very quickly. When an egg spoils it
puts its whole heart into the perform
ance. One can tell a spoiled egg as
far as it can be seen, and with one's
eyes shut at that, if the wind ia in the
There was a time when everyone ate
fret-h eggs in summer and went without
n winter. Nowadays, however, busi
ness methods have led men to buy all
the fresh eggs in summer ang store
them until winter, when they have
acquired a rich, russet flavor.
Would Protect investors.
Spokane , Nov. 20. —Consideration
of methods for the protection of the
nvestor in mining properties occupi
ed the sessions of the American Min
ing congress today. The open discus
sion centered about the proposal of
Lieutenant Governor W. R. Allen of
Montana that state laws be urged com
liing mining corporations to file
with a commission of corporations
frequent reports giving full details re
garding the company, the probable
condition of its property, the amount
of stock sold and what was done with
the money and that these reports be
confirmed by state officers as far as
Lieutenant Governor Allen also
urged that laws be passed providing
that at least seventy-five per cent of
tbe money derived from tbe sale of
treasury stock must be used in the de
velopment of the property.
Lived On Diet of Apples.
Sioüx City , Nov. 26. — Andrew
Gorchitz of Newburg, N. Y., after be
ing a prisoner for 13 day ä in a car of
apples, into which he had crawled at
Newburg, was released when the car
was opened here today. Bis feet were
frozen and may have to be amputated
Be had eaten nearly a barrel of apples
He has a wife and five children in
Should Come To Montana.
Winnipeg, Nov. 2tt.— One hun
drtd thousand settlers from the United
States entered western Canada be
tween April 1 and October 1,according
to announcement made by the Can
adian immigration commissioners.
Boy Bandits Arrested.
New York, Nov. 26.— Stripped
their black masks and revolvers
three youthful desperadoes were taken
to the national training school y ester
day, where they will remain for the
next seven years. The boys are all 14
ars of age.
The three lads, inflamed by "penny
dreadful" litera , • , .•• covered their
fuccs with black masks and their
rev ' vers in hand broke into a store
aft 'Jimmying" their way into
private reseidence. As they were
emerging from the latter place, two
prosaic policemen saw them, and after
a chaee, captured them and put
end to their desperate careers.
Convicts Receive Pardons.
Helena , N ov. 27. —Acting Gover
nor Leighton yesterday pardoned five
of the iamates of the stale penltenti*
ary, bis action to be submitted to
the state board of pardons for ap
proval. Among those to whom the
pardons were granted was Seth Dix,
convicted In Yellowstone county in
1901 of murder in the second degree
and sentenced to 20 years in Deer
Lodge. Five years ago Dix was
granted an unconditional pardon by
Governor Toole, but the state board
refused to confirm the action. Dix
was an eastern man, *tond when he
came west imbibed the idea of shoot
ing up the country, Indian style, his
mania for fire-arms later resulting in
bis killing a bartender near Billings
in a quarrel over the price of drinks.
The sentence of Milton O. Howell,
convicted of marder in the second de
gree and given life imprisonment, was
cut to 22 years.
The term of Sidney Houk, convicted
in Beaverhead of murder and sen
to 25 years, was reduced to 14 years
by Governor Leighton.
That of Boyd Anderson, convicted
of grand larceny in Madison county
sentenced to 10 years, is reduced to
William Fitzgerald's sentence of
five years for forgery in Flathead
county i9 reduced to four.
Thanksgiving Gift For Convict.
Helena, Nov. 28.— Albert J. Beck
man, known as "Montana's Jean
Valjean," sentenced for life to tbe
penitentiary for a murder in 1903, re
ceived for a thanksgiving gift a com
mutation of his sentence to 15 jears.
Tbe commutation was extended by act
ing Governor Leighton last evenlDg
and was announced today. Beckman's
case has aroused interest all over tbe
country. During his confinement in
tbe penitentiary he ba9 sent all the
money he could earn to charitable
organizations indifferent parts of the
country, and to crippled children. He
learned of those who needed assistance
through tbe newspapers he was allow
ed to read. For several years bo one
outside of the prison warden knew who
it was that waB sending tbe money to
unfortunates. Tbe cases of crippled
ohlldren appealed to him particularly.
Beckman is now working in a con
vict road camp in Flathead county.
■XC£: : ~
Make Your Christmas Gifts
Attractive At Our Expense
Regardless of the size or value of the gift itself, wrap it up in a neat paper,
put on a few- Xmas seals and Xmas stamps, inclose a pretty gift card, and attach a
fancy tag or express label. It is quite the thing to do—the practice is growing
year by year. Besides, it adds a lot to the holiday sentiment. Perhaps you
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use. It contains :
6 Large Carls SO IMiia Seals IS Peat Cards
SlMWiw Cutb M Staues « Unw Tais
M Saall Cards SO SmlfSeab ' Te«s
25 Lars. Saab 2 Xsai FeUers 10 Small Tags
10 "De Net O pm " Stickers 10 Merry Xaae Stickers
We have tried to realize every want of our readers in this sssortment—to
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ceives this package will be more than satisfied.
The Weekly Inter Ocean and Farmer
Is the only weekly published by a great Chicago Daily. Thus the special advan
tages in securing and printing important world's news are clearly obvious, t-rom
both The Daily and The Sunday editions of The I nter Ocean , which is ac
knowledged to be the ablest edited publication in the West, the cream of editorial
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you add the special featurea of its own vsrious attractive departments you will
realize and appreciate the big money'a worth given in each issue of The Weekly
Inter Ocean and Farmer at its regular subscription price of $1 a year.
Farm and Home
Is published twice • month, 24 Issues a year, of from 16 to 48 large P«£ e8 |
chock-full of information and suggestions which you will find nowhere else. It
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special articles by well-known writers about the farm and how to make it pay.
A year'a subscription will include the big Poultry Annual issue, printed in Feb
ruary, which alone ia worth the entire price of the whole year s subscription.
Every one who ha« or ever expecta to have poultry should be sure to get the
"WIRKT KM A *
Our Big Christmas Subscription Bargain
All for only
The River Press, 1 year
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Farm and Home 1 year -
Big (226-Piece) Xmas Package
Total Regular Price
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THE RIVER PRESS
Fort Benton, Mont.
He has never made an application for
pardon or commutation and it is
doubtful if he will know before to
morrow of the action of Acting Gov
Application for Pardon.
H elena , Mont., November 86,1913.
At a meeting of the stite board of pardons
held at Its office on the above date, the following
order was made :
In the matter of the commutation of sentence
granted by tbe acting governor to one, Dan Shea.
Wh' reas, The acting governor of Montana has
this day officially notified this board that he has
Srantea a commutation of sentence from life to
fteen years to one Dan Shea, a convict confined
in the State Prison, who wa > convicted of the
crime of murder, committed in the county of
Chouteau, state of Montana, and sentenced on
the 20th day of December, 1908, for a term of
life in the state prison;
Therefore, be it ordered, That December 14.
1912, be set apart for the consideration of said
Eardon, so granted as aforesaid, and all persons
aving an interest therein desiring to be heard
either for or against the granting of the pardon
are hereby notified to be present at 10 o'clock in
the forenoon of said day at the office of the state
board of pardons at the capitol of said state.
It is further ordered, That a copy of this order
be printed and published in the R iver P ress , a
weekly newspaper printed and published at Fort
Benton, county of Chouteau, state of Montana,
once each week for two consecutive weeks, viz :
Wednesday, December 4, 1912, and Wednesday,
Decern* er 11,1912.
ALBERT J. GALEN, President.
J. J. R yan , Clerk.
In the District Court of the Twelfth Judicial
District of tfae State ot Montana, in and for the
county of Chouteau.
K sie May Hartley, plaintiff, vs Louis T. Hart
The State of Montana sends greetings to the
You are hereby summoned to answer the com
plaint in this action which is filed in the office of
the clerk of this court, « copy of which is here
with served upon one of you In each connty
wherein any of you may reside, and to file vour
answer and serve a copy thereof upon the plain
4-4 a lift AFTlût* II' ï til 2 n éluAntff finira n^4 A« élm .
tiff's attorney within twenty days after the sorvice
of this summon?, exclusive of the day of service ;
and in case of your failure to ac pear or answer,
judgment will be taken against you by default
for the relief demanded in the complaint.
This action is brought for divorce
plaintiff from the defendant, on the grbiimts
This action is brought for divorce by the
thatr on the 27th day of November, 1hc8, the de
fendant wilfully and without rauee deserted aad
abandoned the plaintiff and still continues t" so
wilt n Uy and without cause desert and abandon
the plaintiff aud continues to live separately and
apart from her against her will and without her
consent. That tne issue of said marriage is one
daughter, named Selma May Hartley, dge five
years. That the plaintiff demands judgment
against the defendant; that the msrrlage be
tween her and the said defendant be dissolved
and annulled, and that the custody of the minor
child be awarded to the said plaintiff.
- Witness my hand and the seal of said
t o».. i court this 16th day of November, a.d.
I 8BAt " f 1918.
—,— CHAS. H. BOYLE, Clerk.
H. F. Miller, attorney for plaintiff.
First publication, Nov. 19, 1912.
E. FRANK SAYRE
ABSTRACTS OF TITLE
Franklin St., Opposite Court House
Fort Benton, Montana
Should Have G ood Light for Studying
A poor light strains the eyes, and the injurious effects may
last for life. An oil lamp is best. The light from the Rayo
Lamp is soft and mellow. You can read or work under it
for hours without hurting your eyes.
The RAYO la constructed scientifically. It U the
beat lamp niade—yet inexpensive and economical.
I .amP naade of solid brass — nickel plated.
« ' Lighted without removing chimney or
y/ w shade. Buy to clean and rewick. Made in various
atylea and for ail purposes.
CONTINENTAL OIL COMPANY
M Pto e Mu , Albuquerque,
■alte» Boise, Seit Lake City.
C. H. CAMPBELL & SON
Phelps Building, - - Great Fal's, Montana
WE LOAN ON HOMESTEAD PROOFS OR PATENTS
FOR YOUR RANCH BUILDINGS
Has been made practicable by the recent improvements in elec
trical machinery and lamps. You can produce electricity on your ranch
cheaper than you can buy it from a public service company in town.
The price of the equipment is within reach of all. Call and let me
quote you price of plant installed, and you will be convinced that you
cannot afford to be without one.
GENERAL AUTOMOBILE REPAIR WORK
W. F. WILFOBD,
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