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Terms of Subscription: PATABLS IN ADVANCE. #2 00 On« year its months 1 00 WEDNESDAY, DEC. 4, 1912. INDIFFERENCE OF VOTERS. An exhibit of the popular vote for president in the recent election shows A most unfortunate condition of indif ference among the electorate. A large proportion of the voters in nearly every state cared so little about the result of the election that they stayed at home, and left to others the dis charge of a duty that rests upon every American citizen. A tabulation of the popular vote for presidential electors, compiled from official and other sources, shows the following totals for the respective political parties: Democratic 6,156,748 Progressive 3,928,140 Republican .. . 3,376,422 Socialist 673,783 Prohibition 160,644 According to these data, the total popular vote at the recent election was about 14,295,000—a number consider ably less than was expected by auth orities who had received information regarding the number of qualified voters in each state. The returns in dicate that over a million qualified voters did not participate in the elec tion. The total popular vote of this year was about half a million less than the vote of four years ago, when the total for presidential electors was 14,888, 442. In the presidential election of 1904 the popular vote was about 13,529,000, while in the election of 1900 the total was 13,961,566. The records show that In the elec tion of 1896, sixteen years ago, the popular vote was close to 14,000,000, and it is estimated that the number of American citizens qualified to exercise the franchise has increased nearly two millions since that time. In the recent election, however, so many of the voters were indifferent to the result that the number who went to the polls was only a small increase over the total of sixteen years ago. There is evident need of an awaken ing among the electorate as their re sponsibility and duty as American citizens. They eDjoy the privileges aud should not shirk their share of the strenuous life. Active participation in efforts to secure good government, through whatever political party ap peals most strongly to the voter's in telligence and patriotism, is one of the principal obligations of American citizenship. BRYAN AND WILSON. The trouble that is now said to be causing Wilson and his friends Bnxiety is Bryan's attitude toward the 1916 nomination. Bryan is crafty and his party leaders are only beginning to realize the mischief the Nebraskan wrought when he committed Wilsou to a single term, leaving the 1916 norai nation open to Bryan. It was Bryan who wrote into the Baltimore platform these significant words: "We favor a single presl dential term and to that end urge the adoption of an amendment to the con etitution making the president in eligible for re-election, and we pledge the candidate of this convention to this principle." And just before the election, in a copyrighted article, Mr Bryan said: "The choice of a presi dent will be between three candidates Either Wilson will be elected for single term—his platform pledging him to one term—or Mr. Taft will elected for a second term, or Mr Koosevelt for a third term." Here we have it as plain as day that William J. Bryan will not consent Wilson's accepting the nomination for a second term. It is quite true that Governor Wilson is merely pledged to advocate a single term for the president and that he is under no obligations to decline to run for second term unless such a law enacted. And it is equally true that the governor was forced by circum stances to favor the single term plank because Bryan wanted it. But it now appears that there may have been deep purpose in this sinister provision Of the Wilson platform and that Bryan intends in due time to profit by his own foresight. Since Governor Wilson was so easily elected, Bryan do doubt is fired with ambition to a candidate again, and in order clear away the obstacle of Wilson wrote the one-term plank and has committed Wilson to the single term If Bryan is a candidate in 1916 contest may arise in the democratic party similar to that which embarrass ed the republicans last summer Bryan may try to take the nomina tion away from Wilson just as Roose velt tried to take the nomination from Taft. Should Bryan fail he may go on the warpath just as Roosevelt did and «tart a democratic "Bull Moose" party.—Kansas City Journal. TAFT SENDS IN FINALMESSAGE Presidents arts With Discussion of For«! R3iao .it WORK 1Ï CI LZhUTS. Recognitor, of r 'erlt Syctcm Has Been Beneficial — ii.i£,3..stions Regarding Changes In the Tariff Laws Designed to Aid Commerce—Turkish War and Troubles In China. To the Senate and House of Repre sentatives: The foreign relations of the United States actually and potentially affect the state of the Union to a degree not widely realized and hardly surpassed by any other factor in the welfare of the whole nation. The position of the United States in the moral, intellec tual and material relations of the fam ily of nations should be a matter of vital interest to every patriotic citi zen. The national prosperity and power impose upon us duties which we cannot shirk if we are to be true to our ideals. The tremendous growth of the ex port trade of the United States has already made that trade a very real factor in the industrial and commer cial prosperity of the country. With the development of our industries the foreign commerce of the United States must rapidly become a still more essential factor in its economic welfare. The relations of the United States with all foreign powers remain upon a sound basis of peace, harmony and friendship. A greater insistence upon Justice to American citizens or inter ests wherever it may have been denied and a stronger emphasis of the need of mutuality in commercial and other re lations have only served to strengthen our friendship with foreign countries by placing those friendships upon a firm foundation of realities as well as aspirations. Reorganization of State Department. At the beginning of the present ad ministration the United States, having fully entered upon its position as a world power, with the responsibilities thrust upon it by the results of the Spanish-American war and already en gaged in laying the groundwork of a vast foreign trade upon which it should one day become more and more dependent, found itself without the machinery for giving thorough atten tion to and taking effective notion upon a mass of intricate business vi tal to American interests in every coun try lu the world. The department of state was an archaic and inadequate machine, lack ing most of the attributes of the for eign office of any great modern power. With an appropriation made upon my recommendation by the congress on Aug. 5, 1909, the department of state was completely reorganized. There were created divisions of Latin-Ameri can affairs and of far eastern, near eastern and western European affairs. The law offices of the department were greatly strengthened. There were added foreign trade advisers to co-op erate with the diplomatic and consular bureaus aud the politico-geographical divisions in the innumerable matters where commercial diplomacy or con sular work calls for such special knowledge. The same officers, together with the rest of the new organization, are able at all times to give to Ameri can citizens accurate information as to conditions in foreign countries with which they have business and likewise to co-operate more effectively with the congress and also with the other ex ecutive departments. Merit System In Consular and Diplo matic Corps. Expert knowledge and professional training must evidently bo the essence of tills reorganization. Without a train ed foreign service there would not be men available for the work in the reor ganized department of state. President Cleveland had taken the first step to ward introducing the merit system in the foreign service. That had been fol lowed by the application of the merit principle, with excellent results to tli entire consular branch. Almost noth ing, however, had been done in this di rection with regard to the diplomatic service. In this ago of commercial di plomacy it was evidently of the first importance to train an adequate per sonnel in that branch of the service. Therefore, on Nov. 20, 1909, by an executive order I placed the diplomatic service up to the grade of secretary of embassy, inclusive, upon exactly the same strict nonpartisan basis of the merit system, rigid examination forap polntment and promotion only for efli cieucy, as had been maintained with out exception in the consular service. Merit and Nonpartisan Character of Appointments. How faithful to the merit system and how nonpartisan has been the con duct of the diplomatic and consular (ervices in the last four years may be judged from the following: Three am bnssadors now serving held their près ent rank at the beginning of my ad ministration. Of the ten ambassador whom I have appointed five were by promotion from the rank of minister Nine ministers now serving held their present rank at the beginning of the administration. Of the thirty ministe whom I have appointed, eleven wer promoted from the lower grades of the ' foreign service or from the department 1 of state. Of the nineteen missions in Latin-America, where our relations are ' close and our interest is great, fifteen I chiefs of mission are service men. j three having entered the service duiius: j this administration. The thirty-seven secretaries of em bassy or legation who have received their Initial appointments after passing successfully the required examination were chosen for ascertained fitness, without regard to politicaJ affiliations. A dearth of candidates from southern and western states has alone made it impossible thus far completely to equal ize all the states' representations in the foreign service. In the effort to equalize the representation of the va rious states in the consular service I have made sixteen of the twenty-nine new appointments as consul which have occurred during my administra tion from the southern states. This is 55 per cent. Every-other consular ap pointment made, including the promo tion of eleven young men from the con sular assistant and student interpreter corps, lias been by promotion or trans fer, based solely upon efficiency shown in the service. Larger Provision For Embassies and Legations Recommended. In connection with legislation for the amelioration of the foreign service, I wish to invite attention to the advisa bility of placing the salary appropria tions upon a better basis. I believe that the best results would be obtained by a moderate scale of salaries, with adequate funds for the expenses of proper representation, based in each case upon the scale and cost of living at each post, controlled by a system of accounting and under the general di rection of the department of state. In line with the object which I have sought of placing our foreign service on a basis of permanency, I have at various times advocated provision by congress for the acquisition of govern ment owned buildings for the residence and offices of our diplomatic officers, so as to place them more nearly on an equality with similar officers of other nations and to do away with the dis crimination which otherwise must nec essarily be made in some cases in favor of men having large private fortunes. Diplomacy a Handmaid of Commercial Intercourse and Peace. The diplomacy of the present ad ministration has sought to respond to modern ideas of commercial inter course. Tiiis policy has been charac terized as substituting dollars for bul lets. It is one that appeals alike to Idealistic humanitarian sentiments, to the dictates of sound policy and strat egy and to legitimate commercial alms. It is an effort frankly directed to the increase of American trade upon the axiomatic principle that the gov ernment of the United States shall ex tend all proper support to every legiti mate and beneficial American enter prise abroad. IIow great have tieen the results of this diplomacy, coupled with the maximum and minimum pro vision of the tariff law, will be seen by some consideration of the wonder ful Increase in the export trade of the United States Because modern di plomacy is commercial there lias been a disposition in some quarters to at tribute to it none but materialistic alms. IIow strikingly erroneous is such an impression may be seen from a study of the results by which the diplomacy of the United States can be judged. Successful Efforts In Promotion of Peace. In the field of work toward the ideals of peace this government negotiated, but to my regret was unable to con summate, two arbitration treaties which sot the highest mark of the aspiration of nations toward the sub stitution of arbitration and reason for war in the settlement of international disputes. Through the efforts of American diplomacy several wars have been prevented or ended. I re fer to the successful tripartite media tion of the Argentine Republic, Bra zil, and the United States between Peru and Ecuador, the bringing of the boundary dispute between Panama and Costa Rica to peaceful arbitra tion; the staying of warlike prepara tions when Haiti and the Dominican Republic were on the verge of hostil ities; the stopping of a war in Nicara gua; the halting of internecine strife In Honduras. The government of the United States was thanked for its influence toward the restoration of amicable re lations between the Argentine Republic and Bolivia. The diplomacy of the United States is active in seeking to assuage the remaining ill feeling be tween this country and tlio republic of Colombia. In the recent civil war in China the United States successfully Joined with the other interested powers In urging an early cessation of hostili ties. An agreement has been reached between the governments of Chile and Peru whereby the celebrated Tacna Arica dispute, which has so long em bittered international relations on the west coast of South America, has at last been adjusted. Simultaneously came the news that the boundary dis pute between Peru and Ecuador had entered upon a stage of amicable set tlement. China. In China the policy of encouraging financial investment to enable that rountry to help Itself lias had the result Of giving new life and practical appll cation to the open door policy. The consistent purpose of the present ad ministration has been to encourage the lise of American capital in the develop ment of China by the promotion of those essential reforms to which China Is pledged by treaties with the United Btates and other powers. The hypothecation to foreign bankers Continued on I'age Eight ^CHRISTMAS MM SUGGESTIONS CLOTHING DEPARTMENT We are showing a new line of NOVELTIES LADIES' AND GENTS' GOLD AND GOLD FILLED WATCHES AT COST SEE OUR WINDOW DISPLAY T. C. Power & Bro., L'td m m © © © © © © © © © © © © © s s s © © JOS. SULLIVAN © © © © -DEALER IN Farm Implements, Mitchell Line of Vehicles SADDLERY and HARNESS GOODS J". I. CASE Plows and Cultivators The choice of a man who knows. Made in a great variety of sizes and styles that fill every requirement 1 will be pleased to show you the many good features on these popular plows and cultivators. Also the Thomas single disc drills, the best drill on the market. Let me show you the many reasons. 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