Newspaper Page Text
The River Press.
Vol. XXXIII. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday December 11, 1912. No. 8 FAVORS SINGLE TERM. Taft Senator Works Criticises Both and Roosevelt. Washington , Dec. 9.—In a speech today in the senate upon his resolu tion for a constitutional amendment that would provide a single six year presidential term, Senator Works of California, identified since his entry into the senate with the progressive republican faction made a strong cri ticism of Theodore Roosevelt and the progressive party and their affiliation with George W. Perkins and other re presentatives of large corporations. Senator Perkins said both Roosevelt and Taft deserved defeat. He assert ed that Roosevelt, when president, had withheld action against the har vester trust with the natural icsult that Mr. Perkins had been uùb of the chief Roosevelt backers In the fight this year for the progressive nomina tion; and, withemphasis, said Prési dent Taft had "lost the respect and good will of many good people by go ing upon the stump against Colonel Roosevelt." A single presidential term, Senator Works said, would prevent the use of patronage and the power of office In. the way it Is now used. He urged that campaign contributions be made only by the state or nation, declaring that "large campaign funds however, raised, are dangerous menace to the free institutions of the country." Mr. Works in conclusion, said it would have been much better for the country if President Taft and Colonel Roosevelt bad been ineligible for re election. Will Protect Desert Entrymen. Washington , Dec. 9.—After a long conference with Assistant Secretary of the interior department, representa tive Pray said today that in his opin ion desert land entrymen in Montana who are proving up on lands in vicin ities where other lands have been taken up under the homestead law, will not not be denied patent if they can show they have fully complied with the requirements of the desert land act. In several localities where dr^, farming is now being successfully practiced desert land entryman who made filings before the advent of dry farming, have been fearful that the success of the dry farming homestead ers might cause the department to hold their lands to be agricultural and not desert in character. Secretary Adams told Mr. Pray no injustice would ba done any desert laud entrymen, who made his entry in good faith and could show full com pliance with the law under which he made his entry. Preparing For Parcels Post. Washington , Dec. 8. —Postmaster General Hitchcock has apportioned among 1,600 postoffices having city delivery, $300,000 of the parcels poet appropriation to be used for equip ment for the delivery of parcels post business. In additon to this emer gency allowance, the postmaster gen eral has authorized postmasters to employ as many temporary and auxil iary clerks and carriers as may be necessary to handle the volume of business. After the parcels post system has been in operation fifteen days from January 1, the postmasters are direct ed to submit reports showing the vol ume of the parcels business, the addl tional cost and an outline of the plans for handling the new business. Through these reports Mr. Hitchcock expects to obtain a close estimate of the cost of the parcels post, so that he may inform congress what appropria tions will be necessary for the new system. Relief For Col. Wilson. Washington , Dec. 9. — Senator Myers has introduced a bill to revoke the recent order of the secretary of war holding Col. R. W. Wilson per eonally responsible for the loss of 17,181,64 at Fort Harrison. The bill seeks to exonerate the colonel from responsibility personally for the loss of the money, and appropriates the sum given to cover the loss Incurred by the government, and to relieve the colonel from its payment. Urges Dress Reform. New York , Dec. 9. —"Make a bon fire of your hats; throw away your corsets and wear trousers Instead of these ridiculous tight skirts," is the recommendation of Mrs. Carrie Chap man Catt, the suffragette leader, to the equal suffrage league in her re port of her two years round the world campaign in behalf of the votes for women. "My trip around the globe convinced me," says Mrs. Catt, "that my own country women are the most fettered, sartorially, to be found anywhere. Compared with the Chinese women the American women are almost as help less as a baby. It is time for the western woman to kick herself free from the swanddling draperies which the Parisians send over to us. We should declare our independence in dress as we h<»ve in politics and the sooner we do it the better for health, happiness and the cause." Cheaper Money For Farmers. Washington , Dec. 7.—President Taft, in a speech to governors, urged today the adoption of uniform state legislation which would make possi ble in this country the adoption of a system of rural credits aDd low in terest-bearing loans to farmers, similar to that in vogue in many Eu ropean countries. "We are not going to adopt a system overnight," said the presi dent. "It is going to take a consider able time before the country Bhall re ceive the full benefit of it, but the earlier we begin the agitation the earlier we shall achieve the purpose we have in brioging the matter to the attention of the public." There is no subject," continued the president, "of greater importance to the people of the United States than the improve of agricultural methods, the securing of profits to farmer», the attraction of young men of the coun try to farming as a lucrative position, and & lowering of prices to the con sumer. "We have great capital in this coun try and we have a farming country that Is producing farm products of im mense value. It would seem clear that with these two elements it would seem possible to introduce a third in which the farmer engaged in producing the crops should be able, in view of the vaiue of what Ithey produce and the value of the land on which it is pro duced, to obtain money on the faith of the land and the faith of the product which will enable him to better his methods of cultivation and produc tion." WEALTH FROM FARMS. Secretary of Agriculture Reviews -«Growth of G real Industry. Washington , Dec. 6.— After six teen years, a record of service in the cabinet, Secretary of Agriculture Wil son submitted today to President Taft the last annual report be will make as head of the United States department of agriculture. The report is more than a review of the past year's work; it contains a summary of the agricul tural. advance of the country during tbe venerable secretary's term of pub lie service. Therecord of sixteen years has been written," he says. "It begins with a yearly farm production of $4,000,000, 000 and ends with $9,532,000,000. Six teen years ago, the farmer was a ioke of the caricaturist; now he is like the stone that was rejected by the builder and has become the headstone of the corner." The tillers of the soil were burdened with debts, he adds, "but prosperity followed and grew with un exampled speed. Beginnings have been made in a production per acre increasing faster than the natural in crease of population. There has been an uplift of agriculture and of country life. During the past sixteen years the farmer has steadily increased the wealth production year by year, with the exception of 1911. During the six teen years the farmers' wealth pro duction increased 141 per cent. Most productive of all agricultural years In the country bas been 1912 The earth has produced Its greatest annual dividend. The sun and the rain and the fertility of the soil heed ed not the human controversies, but kept on working in co operation with the farmers' efforts to utilize them The prices at the farm are generally profitable and will continue the pros perity that farmers have enjoyed In recent years. The total production of farm wealth Is the highest yet reached by half a billion dollars. The grand total for 1912 Is estimated to be $9,532, 000,000. This is more than twice the value of the farm wealth in 1899. More than $105,000,000,000 Is the grand total of farm wealth produc tion, the report says, during the past 16 years, an amount equal to about three-quarters of the present national wealth. Egg Corner Is Broken. Chicago , Dec. 7.—Another avalan che of cold storage eggs was thrown on the market today and the price dropped from 22 to 19 cents, wholesale This was in addition to a decline of 2 cents yesterday, when more than half million dozen eggs were sold at a loss to speculators. When the mar ket opened yesterday there was 1,670 000 cases of eggs in storage. The transformation of the butter and egg board into an open market is said to have precipitated the selling. RESPECT FOR THE LAW. Governors' Conference Rebukes De fender of Lynching Parties. Richmond , Va., Dec.—A sweeping resolution repudiating the remark of Governor Blease of South Carolina in support of lynch law was adopted to day by the governors' conference by a vote of 14 to 4. Governor Blease, defending his re marks, snapped his fingers in the faces of the other governors and de clared that he eared out one whit what the conference did or left undone. The conference hall was thrown into uproar. The governors' conference appoint today a committee of five to draft uniform state legislation under which Id style farm mortgages could be re placed with short or long term farm farm bonds. A chain of new state banks throughout the couutry to be authorized by the various legislatures under a uniform law and listing of the bonds on stock exchacges are contem plated. Under the terms of the resolution the bill to be drafted by the commit tee shall be submitted to the governors all sta'es and must be approved by two-thirds of them before it shall be sent to the legislatures. Many Leap Year Proposals. Los Angeles , Dec. 6.— Of toe 6,973 | applicants for marriage licenses so far this year," said Clerk Sparks of the marriage license bureau today, more than 200 admitted that the girl poke first." Spark's comments was elicited by the realization that but twenty-five more days remained of leap year. He said that leap year always showed healthy increase in the number of marriage licenses issued but he did not look up the divorce records for the corresponding periob. Snowstorm Delays Traffic. Minneapolis , Dec. 6.— A heavy snowstorm accompanied by a high wind, has been sweeping over the northwest, according to dispatches re ceived here. Canada, Montana, the Dakotas and Minnesota being the storm region. The snow began fall ing here early yesterday aDd it is be ing piled into drifts by a high wind. According to advices from North Da kota, the tftorm has affected railway traffic and trains are several hours 1 ate. Democratic Campaign Fund. Washington , Dec. 5.— It cost the democratic national committee $1.159, 445 to carry the election for Wilson and Marshall, according to its final statement of contributions and ex penses filed with the house today. Charles P. Crane of Chicago was the heaviest contributor, with $40,000, and Cleveland H. Dodge of New York was second, with $35,000, and Herman Rid der of New York third, with $30,074. The total of $1,110,952 contributions received by the committee came from 89,859 separate contributors. Increases Pension Roll. Washington , Dec. 6.—Nearly 5,000 widows and minor children of veterans of the Spanish war are to receive pen sions under the Scrago bill passed by the house without debate. The bill provides that the widow of any officer of any enlisted man who served 90 days between April 18, 1898, and July 4, 1902, on certain conditions shall re pension of $12 a month. For each minor child the widow will re ceive $2 and in case of widow's death would be paid to the child or children. Physical Valuation of Railroads. Washington , Dec. 5.—Amended to authorize a complete investigation in to the question of stock and bond issues of interstate carrier corpora tions, the bill by Representative Adamson, empowering the Interstate commerce commission to make a phys ical valuation of the property of rail roads and other common carriers, was passed by the house today without f dissenting vote. The measure, asked for by the in terstate commerce commission, would provide for a far-reaching inquiry with a view of having railroad rates fixed on the basis of income on actual investment. Would Harness Big River. Washington , Dec. 6.— "Harness the Mississippi and make the water power development pay for the ex penditure of improving the river," was the gist of tbe message brought today by Secretary of War Stimson to the national rivers and harbors congress. Mr. Stimson declared that when the nation assumed a responsi bility as great as that of expending 950,000,000 for improving a river, the taxpayers of the country should get tbe benefit of the incidental profits. Representative SpurUmr.a of Flor ida, chairman of tbe houte committee on rivers and harbors, did not agree with the assertion of President Taft yesterday before the congress, that the Mississippi should be improved under the general welfare clause of the con stitution for, said Mr. Sparkman, it would be a sad day for the country and he feared it would lead to a wide system of "log rolling" if appropria tions were made always on the claim that they were for the general welfare. He asserted that river improvements should be made only for the benefit of commerce. Liable For Registered Mail. Salt Lake, D^e. 5.— The govern ment ha? won a point in its contention that railroads which carry mail are liable for damages to registered mat ter de-tro^ed in wrecks. The Union Pacific demurred to the complaint of the government, asking $12,000 com pensation for posta! losses in a dis aster seven years ago. Judge John A. Marshall in the United States dis trict court overruled the demurrer to day. _ Politicians Were Grilled. Washington, D c 7.— The land slide of 1912, how it happened and the futility of an Htt^mpt to reorganize the "g. o. p." "n the old liues, were the themes upon which played the wit and humor of the Gridiron club at the annual fall dinner tonight. Events of political importance and actions upon which turned national issues were treated in a spirit of levity and fun Underlying each jest and quip and skit were touches of human sympa'by and kindness for the victims of the November avalanche, as well as some bits of homely advice and warning for the victors that kept everybody in good humor. Not even his late political enemies failed to welcome the pathetic tribute to President Taft in the song rendered by the Gridiron quartet, appealing to him, "Not to forget us when you go away " The president sat aud listen ed with the members of his cabinet seated about the banquet hall. Steer Sold For $815. Chicago , Dec. 6.— Glencarnook Vic tor, named the world's champian steer at the international livestock exposi tion has been sold to a Chicago de partment store for $815, or 50 cents a pound, the animal's weight being 1,630 pounds. The steer was owned by J. D. MeGregor of Brandon, Manitoba. The champion sweepstakes lot. of steers will be shipped alive to New York, having been purchased for 14 cents a pound. They averaged 1,180 pounds. Increases Its Capital Stock. St. Paul , Dec. 4. —The Great Northern Railroad company has in creased its capital stock from $210,000, 000 to $231,000,000, an amendment to the articles of incorporation being filed late today at the office of the secretary of state. It was stated that the increase of $21,600,000 was made primarily to ac quire the stocks, bonds and other securities of the Montana Eastern Railway company, and stocks, bonda and other securities of any other road, tbe acquisition of which may be auth orized by the board of directors. Would Harness Mississippi. Washington , Dec. 5.—With Sena tor Martin of Virginia as the first speaker, the National Rivers and Harbors congress began the second day's session of its ninth annual con vention today. "Harness the Mississippi and make the water power development pay for the expenditure of improving the river," was the gist of the message brought by Secretary of W ar Stimson. Mr. Stimson declared that when they assumed a responsibility as great as that of expending $50,000,000 for im proving the river tbe taxpayers of the country should get the benefit of the incidental profits. New Federal Buildings In Montana. Washington , Dec. 4. —Three bill introduced by Representative Charles N. Pray may be included in the om nibus public buildings bill to be re ported to the house by the committee having this matter in charge. Mr. Pray's bills are for a building at Kalispell costing $150,000, the site having been already acquired, and for sites at Glendive and Anaoonda cost ing $20,000 each. The buildings are to be used for the postoffice. The de partment bas estimated for the Kalis pell building, and agrees with Mr. Pray that $150,000 will be necessary It estimates 820,000 for tbe site Anaconda and 915,000 for that Glendive. I at of GOVERNORS' CONFERENCE. The Name Adopted by the Govern ors at their Annual Meeting. Richmond , Va. , Dec. 4. —Permanent organization of the. various states of tue United States in an association to be known as tbe "Governors Confer ence" was effected here tonight at the annual conference of the state execu tives. Annual meetings of tbe organiza tion will be held, and its active mem bers will embrace governors and gov ernors-elect. Former governors will ba admitted to the conference as (honorary mem bers with all privileges of the organi zation except the right to vote. Colorado Spricgs Colo., was select ed as the place of meeting for the con ference next year. The date will be decided later. In announcing the formation of a permanent organization the govern ors made public tbe following state ment: "The functions of the Governors' Conference shall be to meet yearly to exchange views and experiences on 'sub jects of general importance to the peo ple of the several states: to work for greater uniformity in state legislation aud greater efficiency in state adminis tration. "No permanent president is to head the conference. A temporary chair man will selected for each half day session when the conference meets. The conference, however, will have a permanent secretary-treasurer, who will receive an annual salary of $2, 500. An executive committee is to guide the affairs of the conference Officials as Engine Drivers. Salt Lake City , Deo. 5.—A loco motive hauling a special train, carry lug a number of Denver & Rio Grande officials pulled into the Salt Lake sta tion last night manned by A. B. Ap person, general superintendent and N. A. Williams, superintendent of the Rio Grar.de system. The officials had been on a tour of inspeotiou over the lines and when their train reached Mid vale, 1? miles south of Sal'. Lake Oi'y, discovered that the fireman aud engineer had been on duty lü hours, the maximum time allowed by the regulations of the interstate commerce commission. Rather thau wait for another train another crew, General Superintendent Apperson donned the engineer's over alls and took bis seat at the throttle and Superintendent Williams secured the fireman's i^hovel and proceeded to "fire up." The run to Salt Lake was made on time with the officials in charge of the engine. May Make Wholesale Arrests. Chicago , Dec. 4.— Indictments and arrests of more than a score of persons in Chicago and the middle west are ex pected soon as a result of the arrest of Dr. Nicholas H. Kern, Dr. Edward B. Stalhutte and two alleged accom plices, charged with being members of the largest band of thieves ever or ganized in this section of tbe country. It developed today that every rail road entering Chicago has been the victim of the systematic thefts of valu ables from freight cars. At least one large department store in Chicago and many smaller merchants and commis sion men are expected to be drawn into the case as receivers or purchasers of the stolen goods, innocently or other Twelve men In Chicago arc under surveillance, and operatives in St. Louis, East St. Louis, Cincinnati, De troit, Sioux City, Iowa, Memphis, Pittsburg and other cities are watching at least 50 more persons who may be arrested at any moment, according to investigators for the railroads. The thefts from the roads are estimated to have reached more than $250,000. Among the stolen articles 125,000 fine cigars are reported to have beeu sold to one Chicago department 6tore. De tectlves have a statement and leaf from a ledger of another merchant showing the purchase of 87,000 cigars from Dr. Kern. An alleged communi cation from Kern to another customer, in which tbe doctor said he feared de tectives had suspicions of their deal ings, but "not to be alarmed," also is in the investigators' hands. Protest Against Bryan. Hamilton , Bermuda, Dec. 4. —Gov ernor Wilson is beginning to hear from the democrats of the United States in protest against the appoint ment of William Jennings Bryan as secretary of state or to any posi tion in the cabinet. There has been a veritable flood of letters on this sub ject, all mailed with 2 cent stamps in stead of 5-cent ones, for which be was [compelled to pay $6 in excess postage. J Most of the letters are a protest against Mr. Bryan's becoming the premier of the cabinet and some of them are said to go into minute de tails as to the reason the three-time candidate for the presidency should not be given so Important a place in the administration. Some of tbe letters are said to advlM strongly that Mr. Bryan be relegated to the rear, so far as the Wilson ad' ministration is concerned. In addition to the letters are many editorial clip pings from American newspapsrs pro* testing against the selection of Mr. Bryan. May Not Confirm Appointees. Washington , Dec. 4.—There is lit t le likelihood that the senate this ses sion will confirm the nominations of J. C. Peters as register and James W. Roberts as receiver of the Great Falls land office. These men were given recess appointment« shortly before election, and it became necessary to send their nominations to the senate. These nominations will be referred to the public lands committee and prob ably will remain there until adjourn ment, thereby rendering both offices vacant on March 4. If it is done, Senators Myers and Walsh will be called upon immediately by President Wilson to recommend other men for these positions, and that means that two democrats will be named. Senator Dixon was not con sulted with reference to these two ap pointments and, while he &is not pre pared to make a fight against them, probably will acquiesce in the general plan of the democratic senators to hold up all nominations to which there is objection. TO IMPROVE WATERWAYS. President Favors Large Expenditure* On Navigable Rivers. Washington , Dec. 4.-President Taft told the delegates to tbe National River and Harbors congress here today that be personally was opposed to any scheme of improvement for the Mis sissippi river which did not contem plate as a primary object the preven tion of floods. The president made the opening ad dress at the congress. He favored the expenditure by the United States gov ernment and the states in the Missis sippi viilley of between forty and fifty million dollars for the Mississippi's improvement. He said that before all considerations must be placed the idea of preventing floods likethose of last spriug which caused great destruc tion from Cairo to New Orleans. Ha declared furthar his indorsement of improvements would be forth com ng only if the work was placed in the hands of army engineers. So far as other waterway projects were concerned,the president said, bis approval would be lacking unless their backers could show as good • case and as dire necessity as controll ed tbe Mississippi valley states. Many of the delegates were startled by the president's speech. So far as they knew it was the first time he re commended appropriations for water way improvements contingent upon flood prevention. Rates on Wool Shipments. Washington , Dec. 4.—In a sup plemental opinion on the subject of the alleged unreasonable rates and practises of transcontinental railroads in the transportation of wool, render ed today by the interstate commerce commission, it was held: 'That a minimum carload of 24,000 pounds prescribed by the commission imposes no unreasonable burden on the shippers, but actually increases the car efficiency and economy of transportation. "That the contention of shippers that baled and sacked wool should take the same rates is not sustained. 'That wool In the western territory should take the fourth class rate." This decision finally disposes of cases instituted by the railroad com mission of Oregon and the National Woolgrowers association which, in one form or another, have been pend ing for several years. World's Champion Steer. Chicago Dec. 3.—A Canadian steer was awarded the world's champion ship at the international livestock ex hibition here today. The winner is Glenmarnock Victor, a 2-year-old grade Angus steer, raised and ex hibited by James D. McGregor of Brandon, Manitoba. Second prize went to last year's champion, Black rock, a crossbred steer exibited by the Iowa State Agricultural college. Glenmarnock Victor was fed on Can adian barley, oats and hay, a feature of his fattening beiug that the animal never has tasted corn.