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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, December 11, 1912, Image 6

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053157/1912-12-11/ed-1/seq-6/

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Wi;i r:-?2i, Judicial,
Mil,13 * - 4 -jiu flairs.
Increasing ■: > i i
I y UrgLC. ».a.
Commenciez — V,
Farmers, *.» Wei
Advise as to C..
.! G3cTiJÂLS.
>tri.:i;t!on Strong
/ R JOI sanitation
Earners and
BariKers, Should
icy ù/bitm.
Sending a second message to con
gress ou fiscal, judicial, military and
Insular affairs. President Taft explains
that, as the message of Dec. 3 was
confined to foreign relations and as a
fall discussion of ail the transactions
of the government requires more space
than one message of reasonable length
affords, "I have therefore adopted the
course of sending three or four mes
sages during the first ten days of the
session so as to include reference to
more important matters that should
be brought to the attention of con
The president finds the country in a
period of successful business, with a
year of bumper crops. For the last
three years the government has saved
much by sensible economy. He finds
the crying need of the country is a
proper banking and currency system
•nd says that customs duties should
be revised downward. He strongly
urges congress to make the necessary
appropriation for strengthening our
foreign possessions at the earliest pos
sible day. In recognition of his work
on the Panama canal President Taft
recommends the promotion of Colonel
Goethals to the rank of major general.
The president says reduced expendi
tures in the navy mean reduced mili
tary strength and deems that the in
crease should be at least two battle
ships a year and battle cruisers, gun
boats and torpedo destroyers and sub
marines in proper proportion.
He commends the calm, orderly way
in which the trusts are being proceed
ed against and says a steady, consist
ent course, without any radical legis
lation changing the present govern
mental policies, is going to offer a so
lution to the problem. The country's
business first engages the president's
Business Conditions.
The condition of the country with
reference to business could hardly be
better. While the four years of the
administration now drawing to a close
bave not developed great speculative
expansion or a wide field of new in
vestment, the recovery and progress
made from tlie depressing conditions
following the panic of 1907 have been
steady, and the improvement has been
clear and easily traced in the statis
tics. The business of the country is
now on a solid basis. Credits are not
unduly extended, and every phase of
tbe situation seems in a state of pre
paredness for a period of unexampled
Manufacturing concerns are run
ning at their full capacity, and the
demand for labor was never so con
stant and growing. The foreign trade
Of the country for this year will ex
ceed $4,000,000,000, while the balance
In our favor—that of the excess of ex
ports over imports—will exceed $500.
000 ,000.
It is a year of bumper crops. The
total money value of farm products
Will exceed $9,500,000,000. It is a year
When the bushel or unit price of agri
cultural products has gradually fallen,
•ad yet the total value of the entire
Crop Is greater by over $1,000,000,000
tban we have known In our history.
Condition of the Treasury.
The condition of the treasury is very
satisfactory. The total interest bear
ing debt is $903,777,770, of which $134,
631,980 constitutes the Panama canal
loan. The noninterest bearing debt is
$378 .301,284.90, including $340,081.010
of greenbacks. We have in the treas
ury $150,000,000 in gold coin as a re
serve against the outstanding green
backs; and in addition we have a cash
balance in the treasury as a general
fund of $107,152,478.99, or an increase
of $20,975,552 over the general fund
last year.
Receipts and Expenditures.
For three years the expenditures of
tbe government have decreased under
tbe influence of an effort to economize.
This year presents an apparent excep
tion. The estimate by the secretary of
the treasury of the ordinary receipts,
exclusive of postal revenues, for the
year ending June 30, 1914, indicates
that they will amount to $710,000,000.
The sum of the estimates of the ex
penditures for that same year, exclu
sive of Panama canal disbursements
and postal disbursements payable from
postal revenues, is $732,000,000, indi
cating a deficit of $22,000,000.
For the year ending June 30, 1913,
similarly estimated receipts were $007,
000 ,000, while the total corresponding
estimate of expenditures for that year,
submitted through the secretary of the
treasury to congress, amounted ti
9656,000,000. This shows an increase
of $76,000,000 in the estimates for VJ14
over the total estimates of 1913.
Banking and Currency System.
A time when panics seem far remov
ed Is the best time for us to prepare
our financial system to withstand a
Storm. The most crying need this
Country has is a proper banking ant)
«nnwu« wta« Tha ailsHiuz wu i
Inadequate, and every one who has
I studied the question admits it.
I The only part of our monetary medi
um that has elasticity is the banknote
I currency. The peculiar provision o
the law requiring national banks I
maintain reserves to meet the t ail of
the depositors operates to increase 111«'
money stringency when it arises rather
than to expand the supply of currency
Bnd relieve it. It operates upon each
bank and furnishes a motive for the
Withdrawal of currency from the chan
nels of trade by each bank to save it
self and offers no inducement whatever
for the use of the reserve to expand
the supply of currency to meet the ex
ceptional demand.
After the panic of 1907 congress real
ized that the present system was not
adapted to the country's needs and that
under it panics were possible that
might properly be avoided by legisla
tive provision. Accordingly a mon
etary commission was appointed which
made a report in February, 1912. The
system which they recommend involv
ed a National Reserve association,
which was, in certain of its faculties
and functions, a bank, and wliich was
given through its governing authorities
the power, by issuing circulating notes
for approved commercial paper, by fix
ing discounts, and by other methods of
transfer of currency, to expand the
supply of the monetary medium where
it was most needed to prevent the ex
port or hoarding of gold and generally
to exercise such supervision over the
supply of money in every part of the
country as to prevent a stringency and
a panic.
Certain it is, however, that the ob
jections which were made in the past
history of this country to a central
bank as furnishing a monopoly of
financial power to private individuals,
would not apply to an association
whose ownership and control is so
widely distributed and is divided be
tween all the banks of the country,
state and national, on the one hand,
and the chief executive through three
department heads and his comptroller
of the currency on the other.
There is no class in the community
more interested in a safe and sane
banking and currency system, one
which will prevent panics and auto
matically furnish in each trade center
the currency needed in the carrying on
of the business at that center, than
the wage earner. There is no class in
the community whose experience bet
ter qualifies them to make suggestions
as to the sufficiency of a currency and
banking system than the bankers and
business men.
Ought we therefore to ignore their
recommendations and reject their
financial judgment as to the proper
method of reforming our financial sys
tem merely because of the suspicion
which exists against them in the minds
of many of our fellow citizens? Is it
not the duty of congress to take up
the plan suggested, examine it from all
standpoints, give impartial considera
tion to the testimony of those whose
experience ought to fit them to give
the best advice on the subject, and
then to adopt some plan which will
secure the benefits desired?
A banking and currency system
seems far away from the wage earner
and the farmer, but the fact is that
they are vitally interested in a safe
system of currency which shall grad
uate its volume to the amount needed
and which shall prevent times of ar
tificial stringency that frighten capi
tal, stop employment, prevent the
meeting of the payroll, destroy, local
markets and produce penury and want.
The Tariff.
I have regarded it as my duty in for
mer messages to the congress to urge
the revision of the tariff upon princi
ples of protection. It was my judg
ment that the customs duties ought to
be revised downward, but that the re
duction ought not to be below a rate
which would represent the difference
in the cost of production between the
article in question at home and abroad,
and for this and other reasons I vetoed
several bills which were presented to
me in the last session of this congress.
Now that a new congress has been
elected on a platform of a tariff for
revenue only rather than a protective
tariff, and is to revise the tariff on that
basis, it is needless for me to occupy
the time of this congress with argu
ments or recommendations in favor of
a protective tariff.
Army Reorganization.
Our small army now consists of 83,
809 men, excluding the 5,000 Philip
pine scouts. Leaving out of considera
tion the coast artillery force, whose
position is fixed in our various sea
coast defenses, and the present garri
sons of our various insular posses
sions, we have today within the con
tinental United States a mobile army
of only about 35,000 men. This little
force must be still further drawn upon
to supply the new garrisons for the
great naval base which is being estab
lished at Pearl harbor, in the Hawaii
an Islands, and to protect the locks
now rapidly approaching completion
at Panama.
The forces remaining in the United
States are now scattered in nearly
fifty posts, situated for a variety of
historical reasons in twenty-four
states. These posts contain only frac
tions of regiments, averaging less than
700 men each. In time of peace it has
been our historical policy to adminis
ter these units separately by a geo
graphical organization. In other words,
our army in time of peace has never
been a united organization, but mere
ly scattered groups of companies, bat
talions and regiments, and the firs,t
task in time of war has been to create
out of these scattered units an army
fit for effective team work and co-op
A comprehensive plan of army reor
ganization was prepared by the war
dlvlsâuu ui the mineral staff.
Under the influence of this study
definite and effective steps have been
taken toward army reorganization so
far as such reorganization lies within
the executive power. Hitherto there
has been no difference of policy in the
treatment of the organization of our
foreign garrisons from those of troops
within the United States. The differ
ence of situation is vital, and the for
eign garrison should be prepared to
defend itself at an instant's notice
■gainst a foe who may command the
sea. UnMke the troops in the United
States, it cannot count upon re-en
forcements or recruitment ' It is au
outpost upon which will fall the brunt
of the first attack in case of war.
The historical policy of the United
States of carrying its regiments dur
ing time of peace at half strength has
no application to our foreign garri
sons. During the past year this de
fect has been remedied as to the Phil
ippines garrison. Tbe former garrison
of twelve reduced regiments has been
replaced by a garrison of six regi
ments at full strength, giving fully the
same number of riflemen at an esti
mated economy in cost of maintenance
of over $1.000.000 per year. This gar
rison is to be permanent. Its regi
mental units, instead of being trans
ferred periodically back and forth
from the United States, will remain in
the islands. The officers and men
composing these units will, however
serve a regular tropical detail, as usual
thus involving no greater hardship
upon the personnel and greatly in
creasing the effectiveness of the garri
The Home Army.
Simultaneously with the foregoing
steps the war department has been
proceeding with the reorganization of
the army at home. The formerly dis
associated units are being united into
a tactical organization of three divi
sions, each consisting of two or three
brigades of infantry and, so far as
practicable, a proper proportion of di
visional cavalry and artillery. Of
course the extent to which this reform
can be carried by the executive is
practically limited to a paper organiza
tion. The scattered units can be
brought under a proper organization,
but they will remain physically scat
tered until congress supplies the nec
essary funds for grouping them in
more concentrated posts.
Regular Army Reserve.
The new law provides that the sol
dier, after serving four years with col
ors. shall pass into a reserve for three
years. At his option he may go into
the reserve at the end of three years,
remaining there for four years. While
in the reserve he can be called and
only in such case will receive a stated
amount of pay for all of the period
in which he has been a member of the
reserve. The legislation is imperfect.
In my opinion, in certain particulars,
but it is a most important step in the
right direction, and I earnestly hope
that it will be carefully studied and
perfected by congress.
The National Guard.
Under existing law the national
guard constitutes, after the regular
army, the first line of national defense.
Its organization, discipline, training
and equipment under recent legislation
have been assimilated, as far as possi
ble, to those of the regular army, and
its practical efficiency under the effect
of this training has very greatly in
creased. Our citizen soldiers under
present conditions have reached a stage
of development beyond which they can
not reasonably be asked to go without
further direct assistance in the form
of pay from the federal government.
On the other hand, such pay from the
national treasury would not be justi
fied unless it produced a proper equiva
lent In additional efficiency on the part
of the national guard.
The organized militia today cannot
be ordered outside of the limits of the
United States and thus cannot lawful
ly be used for general military pur
poses. The officers and men are ambi
tious and eager to make themselves
thus available and to become an effi
cient national reserve of citizen sol
diery. They are the only force of
trained men other than the regular
army upon which we can rely. The
ho called militia pay bill in the form
agreed on between the authorities of
the war department and the represent
atives of the national guard, in my
opinion, adequately meets these condi
tions and offers a proper return for the
pay which it is proposed to give to the
national guard.
I believe that its enactment into law
would be a very long step toward pro
viding thitî nation with a first line of
citizen soldiery, upon which its main
reliance must depend in case of any
national emergency. Plans for the or
ganization of the national guard into
tactical divisions on the same lines as
those adopted for the regular army are
being formulated by the war college
division of the general staff.
Porto Rico.
Porto Rico continues to show notable
progress, both commercially and in the
spread of education. Its external com
merce has increased 17 per cent over
the preceding year, bringing the total
value up to $92,631,880, or more than
five times the value of the commerce
of the Island in 1901. During the year
160,657 pupils were enrolled in the
public schools as against 145.525 for
the preceding year and as compared
with 2(5,000 for the first year of Ameri
can administration.
The failure thus far to grant Ameri
can citizenship continues to be the only
ground of dissatisfaction. The bill
conferring such citizenship has passed
the house of representatives and is
now awaiting the action of the senate.
I am heartily in favor of the passage
of this bill. I believe that the demand
for citizenship is just and that It is
amply earned by sustained loyalty on
the part o? the inhabitants of the Is
land r .ut it should be remembered
that the demand must be, and in the
minds uf most Porto Rieans is. entire
ly disassociated from any thought of
The Philippines.
A bill Is pending in congress which
revolutionizes the carefully worked out
scheme of government under which the
Philippine Islands are now governed
and which proposes to render them vir
tually autonomous at once and abso
lutely independent in eight years. Such
a proposal can only be founded on the
assumption that we have now discharg
ed our trusteeship to the Filipino peo
ple and our responsibility for them to
the world and that they are now pre
pared for self government as well as
national sovereignty. A thorough and
unbiased knowledge of the facts clear
ly shows that these assumptions are
absolutely without justification.
As to this 1 believe that there is no
substantial difference of opinion anion;
any of those who have had the respon
sibility of facing Philippine problems
in the administration of the islands,
and I believe that no one to whom the
future of this people is a responsible
concern can countenance a policy
fraught with the direst consequences
to those on whose behalf it is osten
sibly urged.
Our duty to the Filipinos is far from
discharged. Over half a million Fili
pino students are now in the Philip
pine schools helping to mold the men
of the future into a homogeneous peo
ple, but there still remain more than
a million Filipino children of school
age yet to be reached. Freed from
American control the Integrating forces
of a common education and a common
language will cease and the education
al system now well started will slip
back into inefficiency and disorder.
An enormous increase in the com
mercial development of the islands has
been made since they were virtually
granted full access to our markets
three years ago, with every prospect
of increasing development and diversi
fied industries. Freed from American
control such development is bound ,o
If the task we have undertaken is
higher than that assumed by other na
tions, its accomplishment must de
mand even more patience. We must
not forget that we found the Filipinos
wholly untrained in government. Up
to our advent all other experience
sought to repress rather than encour
age political power. It takes long time
and much experience to ingrain po
litical habits of steadiness and effi
ciency. Popular self government ulti
mately must rest upon common habits
of thought and upon a reasonably de
veloped public opinion.
A present declaration even of future
independence would retard progress by
the dissension and disorder it would
arouse. On our part it would be a dis
ingenuous attempt, under the «uise of
conferring a benefit on them, to relieve
ourselves from the heavy and difficult
burden which thus far we have been
bravely and consistently sustaining.
It would lie a disguised policy of scut
tle. It would make the helpless Fili
pino the football of oriental politics,
under the protection of a guaranty of
their independence, which we would
be powerless to enforce.
Regulation of Water Power.
There are pending before congress a
large number of bills proposing to
grant privileges of erecting dams for
the purpose of creating water power
In our navigable rivers. The penden
cy of these bills has brought out an
Important defect in the existing gen
eral dam act That act does not, in
my opinion, grant sufficient power to
the federal government in dealing
with the construction of such dams to
exact protective conditions in the in
terest of navigation. It does not per
mit the federal government as a con
dition of its permit, to require that a
part of the value thus created shall be
applied to the further general im
provement and protection of the
stream. I believe this to be one of the
most important matters of internal im
provement now confronting the gov
In my opinion constructive states
manship requires that legislation
should be enacted which will permit
the development of navigation in these
great rivers to go hand in hand with
the utilization of this byproduct of
water power, created in the course of
the same improvement, and that the
general dam act should be so amend
ed as to make this possible.
I deem it highly Important that the
nation should adopt a consistent and
harmonious treatment of these water
power projects, which will preserve
for this purpose their value to the gov
ernment, whose right it is to grant the
permit Any other policy is equiva
lent to throwing away a most valua
ble national asset.
The Panama Canal.
During the past year the work ol
construction upon the canal has pro
gressed most satisfactorily. About 87
per cent of the excavation work has
fceen completed, and more than 93 per
cent of the concrete for all the locks is
in place. In view of the great interest
which has been manifested as to some
slides in the Culebra cut 1 am glad to
say that the report of Colonel Goethals
should allay any apprehension on this
point It is gratifying to note that
none of the slides which occurred dur
ing this year would have interfered
with the passage of the ships had the
canal in fact been in operation, and
when the slope pressures will have been
finally adjusted and the growth of veg
etation will minimize erosion in the
banks of the cut the slide problem will
be practically solved and an ample sta
bility assured for the Culebra cut.
Although tlie official date of the open
ing has been set for Jan. 1, 1915, the
canal will In fact, fiom present Indica
Continued on Tage Eight
"••""»'••r* ... .'i'. >i. Wenrv L. Mvers,
Kt"n' t\i' i: L r-É lliarlef N.i'ray
li' u' , ' ■''■•'(ä« Geo. M. Boiirquiu
US. District Attorney Ja». W. Freeman
, ■ Marshal William Liuocav
•nrveyor General j. o. Locke
» «Hector of CnntoDiH John G. lia«
u. 8. Laud Ottice, Great Fall*—
Neuster, Julins C. Petere. Receiver, J. W.
U.S. Lund • iffice. Havre—
Ketri*ter, M. W . Hutchinson. Receiver. L. W.
Governor.. Edwin L. Norris
Lieutenant Governor v\ R Alien
Secretary of State T. M.' Swindlehurst
S£*Tw"urer Ü. E. Eseelstyu
Ä A ° d A tor -"i u - M - M ^°y
Attorney General Albert J Galen
?•?,?!;? „. lc Infraction W. S.Harmon
Chief Justice Sup. Court Theo. Brantly
Associate J notice Henry C. Smith
RiÖr me ' "'-John T°'MhSJ
Kan road Commissioner B. T. Stanton
„ " Dan Boyle
E.A. Morley
State Senator Thos. M. Everett
Representative A. H. Reter
m ..., r . H. F. Schwartz
Dletrl« Judge John W. Tattan
Frank N. Utter
J* 16 «® «»orge Dickie
rîo»k'!v? ni ';VVn William K. Leet
ri«ï S C L ourt Chas. H. Boyle
CoumyAudhor^ er :;: .\'.\'.V.V. J .E L F , raSk g S% C rc
Co?£ner. °. S .V.V.'.'/.V" \Ï.V?!7w. F/WiîfoîS
Public Administrator W. Ô Dexter
£ urvp >; or : A. W. MerriHeld
'.ounty Commissioners, 2 yrs G. L Overfleid
)| " 4 yrs.... 11. J. W ackerlin
' 6 yrs Jno. V. Carroll
City of Fort lient on.
Chas. n. Green
p i ? Tr .£ S|i, jrer F. A. Flanagan
Police Magistrate William Kinder
m y I? î John F. Murphy
Marshal Al. Maloney
Board of Aldermen:
•I OB - s - Brown J et e Sullivan, Jr.
A.J. Schmidt fc,. y. Allen
W. K. Harber Charles Lepley
• , BENTON LODGE, No. 6«,
I. O. O. T.
_ .. Meets »very Wednesday
'vening at Odd Fellow»'hall. Visiting membon
»re cordially invited to attend.
. _ J- c. MYEBS, N. G.
A knold W kbtfall , Sec.
,A. St.—Regular communications of the
above namedlodgears held at 7 :80 p.ia
- -»on th» first and third Mondays of each,
•ronth. Members of sister Lodgesandeojonrninc
irethren araeordiallyinvltedto ittend.
J. N. C hksnutt , Sec'y.
States Oommissioue*.
6 ilia.;- and praofs. Abstract of land Illing
ni-rt proofs kept.
Land Scrip for saleandlocated.
Physicians and Surgeons
Office : Cor. Bond and Main St.
Office hours, a to 5 p. m.
Pbysîcian and Surgeon
Oilica over Benton Stato Bank
Office Hours—2 to 5 und T to 8 p. m.
Fort Benton. - Hon
Offices over Lockwood'a Drug Store
Fort Benton. Mont.
JtRki iiULLiVAN,
iJ. S. Co.iuiMitiaioner and Notary
Linzel Filings and Proofs.
Office in Grand Union Hotel
H. S- rtcQlNLEY,
Office in the Cummings block.
Offices over Benton State Bank
Havre, - Montana
Office in Skylstead Building
Surveyor and Civil Enfineer.
Prlcesraasonabla, and good work guaranteed.
Reservoir Work a Specialty.
Surety Abstract Co.
We are prepared to make Abstracts
of Title of any property in
Chouteau County
Franklin St., Opposite Court House
Fort Benton, Montana
The Weekly River PressIs a good
newspaper to send awaytoyourfriends
In the east. It will save you tbe trou
ble of writing letters
Benton State Bank
Fort Benton, Montana
Capital Stock. -
SnrphiB, - - -
- 8125,000.00
- $ 12,500.00
Directors :
C. J. McNamara G. W. Frields
Geo. B. Bourne J. P. Williams
Geo. L. Overfleid C. B. Power
D. G. Lockwood L. D. Sharp
A. E. McLeish F. A. Flanagan
J. S. Brown
Officers :
C. B. Power , President
L. D. Sharp , Vice President
F. A. Flanagan , Cashier
J. F. Sullivan , Ass't Cashier
We solicit your business and offer you
every accommodation consistent
with safe and profitable banking
Think of the inconvenience and loss If your
deed» and other valuable papers are destroyed or
stolen. We have fire and burglar proof safety
boxes for rent. Each box is absolutely private
aa you will have the only key that will open It.
Interest Paid on Time Deposits
You Can Own a Home
Cheaper in Fort Benton
Than in any other town in Northern
Montana. It's the best place to live
in twelve months in the year in the
United States. Fine schools, fine
churches, _ good people, fine climate.
Surrounding country rich. Ask about
those cheap town lots. Terms easy.
Bear Greek Coal
Best on the Market
Kindling Wood for Sale
41 reel
JL .
Burn Gait
and NUT
Stoves and Ranges.
and EGQ
For Furnaces and Steam.
H. LA3ARRE, Local Agent.
Leave Orders at Benton Stabies.
If you are interested in any contest
or any matter before the Interior De
partment, write to Clark & Wright,
registered land lawyers, 902 F Street
N. W. (opposite Gen'l Land Office),
Washington, D. C. Free information
about contests and where to obtain
scrip, locatable upon public lands,
without residence or cultivation.
. Cattle branded at
right ribs.
Horses same brMid
on right shoulder.
Veut for catili» it ci
horses, same br»"0
on right hip.
P. O. address —
Whltlash, }*'■' »
Note—Address Is given wrong in brand boo'/ 1
H. T. Hmlth, Hlgbwood.
M. E. M ilneh , Pres. and Manager, Fort Benton,
Mala braaot' aa
shown in the ac
company ing cats, j
Also owl all
cattle bearing 1 e
single " sqnar> 11
.brand, and all
'rebranded cattle
bearing onl>
crois P.
Also own brna<t
m right Up call*4
"square 8."
Range from Bear
'Paw mountains
ward to Fort P»-t
between the Mile s 4
Missouri rivers. A j
south of the M 'is.
sourl river, betw»4 t
Arrow creek and
Shonkin Range.
My office is in a position to handle all kinds ci
Land Office business, and if youneed information
quick or any work done in the office, you can
have it attended to by writing, wiring or telephon
Wg to me. My office isin the same building as the
United States Land Office and all work can be
takea up and attended to without delay. «

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