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Scene on a fiorse Ranch.
mi : - ;V '-A; ■ ' ms I "M ; ;V?* V*,# £ï®ar »2 V* 2ZÂ ♦ v + + v *r ❖ "H* *i' T v v + THE HORSE RANCH. * ■fr By F. S. COOLEY, Superin tendent Montana Farmers' + Institutes. 4* + *J* *5" + *î* •«" ••• 4" "s* *•* *J" "5* "S* Better horses can nowhere be pro duced than in Montana, and the cost of production here is very low. Under natural conditions a very tough, hardy race of horses developed that has been the foundation for the Improvement of recent years. Neglect has decreased the size of native horses below a desirable standard, and the breeder's problem today is to Increase the size and preserve the quality and hardiness. More care in the selection of sires than has sometimes been bestowed is essential to that end. Heavy horses of quality ought to be carefully se lected. Unscrupulous dealers have un loaded a prodigious number of poor stallions at exorbitant prices to "com panies" of farmers, who have collec tively committed a folly well nigh im possible to an individual. Why farm ers' companies run to foolishness in stead of sense is hard to explain. Horse breeders are getting their eyes open now. Stallion registration has taught lessons and better days are coming. The first winter is an important pe riod in the development of the foal. Ultimate size, usefulness and price are often cut in half by failure to keep the foal growing during the first winter. At no period will ample feed produce as much growth as then, nor will any subséquent care overcome neglect at that time. Thousands and thousands of horses will be required to develop the agri wltyal resources of Montana. A greai increase in horse power can bo profitably bestowed upon the older ag ricultural regions, and in the newer only a bare beginning has been made. Engine work is commonly done in a most slovenly manner. A recent ex hibition of engine plowing at the Moccasin Experiment Station would make a plowman who knew good plow ing blush for shame; and these men ■were doing as well as they knew how, which is not always the case in con tract plowing. Neither the economy nor the desirability of engine work has been demonstrated for quarter or balf-section farms, and even on a sec tion of 640 acres the question Is de l»atable.— F. S. Cooley. + «fr + +"fr + 4»4 , 4*4 , 4 , + , J ,, fr* + , J* + * Readers of the Montana farm articles In this paper are in- * vited to submit questions relat- <*• Ing to any phase of agriculture. «fr These questions will receive + the prompt attention of special- + ists. Submit all inquiries to + Office of Farmers' Institutes, Bozeman, Mont. ^ * YOUR COMFORTABLE HOUSE Country Heme Can Be as Up to Date as City Residence. Your farm house may have: 1. The most approved heating sys tem, as good and cheaper than is pos sessed by your city cousin. 2. A complete electric lighting sys tem, with storage batteries that can be oharged in an hour or two to sup ply electric lights for all buildings lor a week or more per charge. 3. A complete water system under f■ perfect a control as Is provided by the city waterworks. 4. A sewerage system with the modern toilet as a part of the house hold fixtures. 5. Concrete walks to all buildings at a cost less than is paid by friends in the city.—Agricultural Epitomist. The chief essential in house keeping it comfort. The worst possible taste in housekeeping is imitation comfort. Imitation hospitality is an affront. A cosy seat that isn't cosy is a blot upoi a room, and to open your bureau drawers and find them filled is a dash of cold water in the face. + * ♦ + + ♦ + + + ^ ^ 4. 4" + 4- *5- 4* + + *î" ^ ^ + + 4*4* + ^ , + + + + + + + v + + + Need of Co-operation Among Farmers. * Ey F. 8. COOLEY, Superin- £ ^ tendent Montana Farmers' jjj Institutes. ^ + + 4 , + + + + 4* + 4 , + + 4'4"î"i' , S' The success of many associations farmers organized for the purpose of marl'ptinr th^ir n*"vriiirt:j hpnrs faith marketing tnen p.oaucts Dears raiu Cul witness to their value In farm economy. The general principle of co-operation as contrasted with com-1 p etition is so perfectly illustrated in the manufacturing and commercial ■world that the mere mention of Stand ard Oil, sugar, steel, beef, harvesting machinery, etc., suggests the combina tion of producers or dealers for the purpose of increasing the profits of the business. The same principle operates in al most every town where several mer chants are engaged in the same line Of trade. A general understanding in regard to prices enables them to con duct their business with less friction and greater profit. In the world of labor trade unionism is but an expression of the same idea of co-operallon, and in spite of defects and errors in judgment due to human weakness and restricted vision, trade unionism has accomplished much for the betterment of the laborer's health, wealth, wisdom and virtue. One reason why agriculture has failed to keep up with the progress of Manufacture and commerce in some respects is the failure of farmers to co-operate. This failure is not abso lute, but that it might be yet more complete is all too apparent. It lias been remarked that the farmer is too often a slave to his own independence. Suspicion and lack of harmony are inherent in enterprises situated at considerable distance apart. The greater the distance and difficulty of conference the less likelihood of effi cient co-operation. This explains the better co-operation in the Eastern states where distances are less and taieans of communication more per fect. Co-operation is the principle of the various roundup associations that characterize the Northwest. The Wool Growers' association has been able to enhance the value of their product to its members. The Montana Live Stock association has protected its members from frauds and losses amounting .to thousands of dollars, which would have been impossible had they been acting individually. The Farmers' alliance of Gallatin valley, an organization of actual farm ers, presents an example of strictly co-operative marketing of farm prod ucts. There are other co-operative enter prises among Montana farmers, in chiding fruit associations, creameries, stock breeding clubs, etc., but the Held for organization is by no means fully occupied. Whatever is condu cive to confidence and harmony among farmers deserves encouragement and every co-operative farm enterprise in creases the strength of the fundamen tal occupation of the race. Labor has organized; manufacture, commerce, transportation, and capital are full of combines, and mergers and trusts. Then let farmers co-operate aad meet numbers with numbers, pools with pools, and strength with strength. Black Winter Emmer. One of the finest dry land crops we hare seen In many day«' travel over large areas in Montana is a field of black winter emmer in Beaverhead county. It is by far the heaviest crop Observed. The stalks are tall—nearly to the shoulders. It has stooled well and the heads are very long. Fifty bushels of seed per acre is the gen erally estimated yield of this crop. AS AN "OLD TIMER" SEES IT. They're digging for wells on that flat up there, Where it's drier than all get out And the water they get won't wet their hair, And pretty soon they'll find It out. They may plow and harrow and disc It, too, With their fool dry farming schemes— But I'll bet my head against an old shoe, Tbair crops will be mostly dreams. —From Tarry Tribune. 1 Bucks For Sale. A few Lincoln and thoroughbred Merino bucks for pale, at reasonable prices. V. P. BLANKKNB ä KEH , Virgelle. Stallion for Sale One grey stailion, tight years old. Weight 1800 poena*. Very heavy bon- rt. Was bred on the late V anns Daly ranch. Both dam and sire weje imported. Judging by hie prog»riy he pi on 1(1 be worth J-'iH'ii iki — v 111 take $b03.00 if' taken uoon. Enquire of A. K. I'KKiv'UTT, Helena, Mont., or A. C. GUBuH, Chester, Mont. REl'Oirr of T11E CONDITION Benton State Bank, A t FOItT BENTON, In the State of Montana, at 'lie close of business November iti, 1912. RESOURCES Loans and discounts $320,689 18 Overdrafts, secured and un secured 6.834 42 Bonds and warrants 1,565 40 $335,069 06 Banking house, furniture and fixtures 28,100 00 Cash reserve in bank, viz: Specie $ 4,477 05 Currency 5,022 00 Due from banks and bankers 151,157 11 Checks and other cash Item« 893 25 160,569 00 Total $529,738 06 LIABILITIES Capital stock paid in $125,000 00 Surplus fund 12,500 00 Undivided profits 10,904 51 $148,404 51 Individual deposits subject to check 21*2,818 28 Demand certif tes of deposit 1,893 00 Time certificates of deposit 160,237 60 Cashier's checks outstand ing 1,460 82 Due to banks and bankers 4,923 85 381,333 55 Total $529,738 06 State of Montana, county of Chouteau, ss. I, F. A. Flanagan, cashier of the above named bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. F. A. FLANAGAN, Cashier. Subscribed and sworn to before me this 4th j d(lyo£ Decem be r ,ma. j J ohn f . S ullivan, Notary Public for the state of Montana, residing | ttt Fort Bent()nj >| ontlin a. My commission ex j pires September », 1913. Correct—Attest: A. E. Mo L kisii L ouis U. S uakp G eo L. O vbufiulu i Di Directors. ' j Application for Pardon. cr j me murder, committed in the county i'houteau, state Montana, and sentenced II klena , Mont., November 26, 1912 4 t a meeting of the state board of pardons j held at its office on the above date, the following order was made : In the matter of the commutation of sentence granted bv the acting governor to one, Dan Shea. Wli*reas, The acting govenor of Montana has this day officially notified this board that he has granteil a commutation of sentence from life to fifteen years to one Dan Shea, a convict confined in the State Prison, who wa' convicted of the of the 20th (lay of December, 1908, for a term of life in the utate prison; Therefore, be it ordered, That December 14, 1912. be set apart for the consideration of naid pardon, so granted as aforesaid, and all persons having an imprest therein desiring to be heard either for or against the granting of the pardon are hereby notified to be present a- 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day at the office of the state board of pardons at the capitol of said state. it is further ordered, That a copy of this order be printed and published in the R iveb P ress , a weekly newspaper printed and published at Fort Benton, county of Chouteau, state of Montana, once each week for two consecutive weeks, viz: Wednesday, December 4, 1912, and Wednesday, December 11, 1912. Adopted. ALBERT J. GALEN, President. J. J. R yan , Clerk. Alias Summons. In the District Court of the Twelfth Judicial District of Mie State ot Montana, in and for the county of Chouteau. Elsie May Hartley, plaintiff, vs. Louis T. Hart lev.defendant. The State of Montana sends greetings to the abov )-named defendant. Yon are hereby summoned to answer the com plaint in this action which is filed in the office of the clerk of this court, r, copy of which is here with served upon one of you In each county wherein anv of vou may reside, and to lile your answer and'servé a copy thereof upon the plain tiffs attorney within twenty days after the service of this summons, exclusive of the (lay of service; and in c-«se of your failure t>> a pear or answer, judgment wil 'be taken against you by default for the relief demanded in the complaint. This actinn is brought for divorce ,bv the plaintiff from the defendant, on the grounds tint on the 27th day of November, 1!H8, the de fendant wilfully and without cause deterted and abandoned the plaintiff and still continues to so wiltully and without cause desert and abandon the plaintiff and continues to live separately and apart from her against her will and without her consent That the issue of said marriage is one daughter, name! Selma May Hartley, «ige five years. That the plaintiff demands judgment à ainst the defendant.; that the msrrlage be tween her and the said defendant be dissolved and annulled, and that the custody of the minor child he awarded to the said plaintiff. —■—- Witness my hand and the seal of said i I court this ltith day of November, A. D. I 8EA1 " f 1912. — CHAS. H BOYLE, Clerk. H. F. Miller, attorney for plaintiff. B'irst publication, Nov. 19,1912. r The Ups and Downs of Your Horse depend upon his shoeing. Use soft blunt calks and he'll have more downs than ups. Every step may be a mis-step, every fall may mean an injury. Ice and snow cannot take fall out of your horse if he wears f "GOLDEN" RUSTLESS RING-POINT CALKS "Wear" is the word with Ring Points. They wear like steel because they are steel—specially hardened for the purpose. Inside of every "Golden" Rustless Ring-Point is a solid chunk of Tool Steel Welded to the Shell. Pounding and grinding on the road cannot loosen the steel center. The point of wear is a point of steel. You get all wear—no waste; sharp, grip ping calks—not dull, slipping calks. Ring-Points screw in without grind ing—hold without binding. The Golden Plating smooths the way for the threads, keeps the tapped holes Water-tight and free from rust. Don't pay for trouble tomorrow that you can prevent today. Protect your horse and your pocketbook with "Golden" Ring-Point Calks. For sale by W. C. BYERS, Fort Benton. BARGAINS *—*— -> $25 Talking Machines For only $7.50 DOUBLE DISC RECORDS! Only 65c Regular $1.50 Books To Close at 60c CRANE'S POST OFFICE STORE This Underwear Is Remarkable for its wearing qualities; fit and comfort it brings the wearer, as it is made to measure. Can be built any desirable way the customer wishes. An equally desirable for Ladies also. TAILOR MADE UNDERWEAR and SHIRTS MEN and WOflEN <i POPULAR MECHANICS hJt \ THE Magazine that makes Fact more fascinating than Fiction "written so you can understand it 'i GREAT Continued Story of the World'« " ProgTew which you may begin reading at any time, and which will hold your interest forever, is running in Popular Mechanics Magazine Are you reading it? Two millions of your neighbors are, and it is the favorite magazine in thousands of the best American homes. It appeals to all classes—old and young—men and women—those who know and those who want to know. aso pages each month 300 pictures 200 articles op general interest The "Shop Note»" Department (20 pages) gives easy ways to do thing:,—how to make useful articles for home and shop, repairs, etc. "Amateur Mechanics " (10 pages) tells how to make Mission furniture, wireless outfits, boats, engines, magic, and all the things a boy loves. sl-so per year. single copies is cents Ask your Newsdealer to ehow you one or write for free sample copy today POPULAR MECHANICS CO. 320 W. Washington St., CHICAGO 5ÄSEC 3 Motor Cars i t _ For demonstration and particulars of the various styles, apply to H. J. WACKERLIN, Agent, Fort Benton Notice of Contest. United States Land Office at (ireat Falls, Mon tana, November 1». 1912. To Carl H Ahreudt, of Fort Benton, Mon tana, contestee. You are hereby notified that AUGUST E. BJERRING, who gives Fort Denton, Montana, as his post office address, did on October 24, 1912, file in this office his duly corroborated application to contest and secure the cancellation of your homestead entry serial No. (113918, made July 15, 1910, for northwest quarter section 11, to vnsiiip 21 north, range S east, Montana meridian, and as grounds for his contest he alleges that said entryman has never established and maintained residence upon said land ; that the same has been aban doned for more than six months last past; that no portion of said land has been cultivated in any manner; and that the improvements made thereon consist or an unfinished, uninhabitable and unfurnished building. You are, therefore, further notified that the said allegations will be taken by this office tie having been confessed by you, and your said entry will be canceled thereunder without your further right to be heard therein, either before this office or on appeal, if you fail to file in this office within twemy days after the FOUR Til publication of this notice, as shown below, your answer, under oath, specifically meeting and re sponding to these allegations ot contest, or If yuu fail within that time to file in this office due proof that yon have served a copy of your an swer on the said rontestant either In person or by registered mall. If this service Is made by the delivery of a copy of your answer to the con testant in person, proof of such service must be either the said contestant's written acknowledg ment of his leceipt of the copy, showing the date of its receipt, or the affidavit of the person by whom the delivery was made stating when and where the copy was delivered; if made by registered mail, proof of such service must con sist, of the affidavit of the person by whom the copy was mailed stating wnen and the postoffice to which it was mailed, and this affidavit must ne accompanied by the postmaster's receipt for the letter. You should state In your answer the name of the poetofflce to which you desire future notices to bo sent to you. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Date of tirst publication November 22, 1912. Düte of second publication November 29, 1912. Dale of third publication December 6, 1912 Dale of fourni publication December 13, 1912. Non Coal Land. No.029654. Notice for Publication. United StateB Land Office at Great Falle, Mon. tana, November 19, 1912. Notice is heteby given that JULlcS llARTFIELD, of Hlghwood, county of Chouteau, state of Mon tana, has tiled in this office his application to enter under the provisions of Section 28U6, re vised statutes, United States, the following de scribed land, \ i/. : The northeast quart, r of the northwest quarter of section 20, township 21 north, range S ea fc t, Montana meridian. Any unit ail pe sons claiming adversely the lan ds described, I. r desiring to object because of the mineral character ot the land, or lor any other reason,to the disposal to applicant, should tile their affidavits « f protest lu this office, on or before the 28th day of December, 1912. JUL1U> U. PETERS, ReglBtor. ioiiH of Section 33U6, re-1 Non Coal Land. Notice for Publication. United Staten Land Office at (ireat Falle, Mon tana, N vemberilU, 1912. Notice is hereby given that JulIN V. CARROLL, of Fort Benton, county of Chouteau, state of Montana, hap liled in this oflice hiw application to enter under the provision* o f section 5Î806, revised statutes of the United States, the follow ing described land, viz: The southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of section nine (9), and the northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of section ten (10), township twenty-two (JW) north, range nine (9) east, Montana meridian. Any and all persons claiming adversely the lands described, or desiring to objeci because of the mineral character of the land, or for any other reason, to the disposal to applicant, should file their allidavits of protest in this office on or before the ïîrfth day of December, 1912. JULIUS C. PKTÈKS, Register. Non Coal Land. Notice For Publication. United States Land Office at Great Falls, Mon tana, November 19, 1912. Notice is hereby given that JAMES O. PATTERSON, of Fort Benton, county of Chouteau, state of Montana, has filed in this office hie application to enter under the provisions of Section 23(36, revised statutes, United States, the following described land, via : The northwest quarter of the northwest quarter of section 17, township 22 north, range 10 east, Montana meridian. Any and all persons claiming adversely the lands described, or desiring to object because of the mineral character of the land, or for any other reason,to the disposai to applicant, should file their affidavits of protest in this office, on or before the 28th day of December, 1912. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Notice for Publication. United States Land Office at Lewlstown, Mon tana, November 25, 1912. Notice Is hereby given that ERKC BERGLUND, of Hawarden, Montana, who, on June 21, 1909, made homestead entry No. 06155, for SEH sec tion 19, township 21 north, range 13 east, Mon tana principal meridian, has filed notice of inten tion to make final three-year proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before Chas. H. Boyle, U. S. commissioner, at his office, at Fort Benton, Montana, on the 30th day of Decem claimant names as witnesses: Andrew T. Kyle, Steven Clark, Waldo E. Painter, William Nit cher, all of llarwarden, Montana. ' C. E. MoKOIN, Register. Non Coal Land. Notice For Publication. United States Land Office at Great ?alls, Mon tana, November 25, 1912. Notice is hereby given that FRANK AUGUST LEHMANN, of Fort Benton, Montana, who, on July 1, 1910, made desert land entry No. 020594, for SWH NEK, N WH SE?4 section 19. township 21 north, range 9 east, Montana meridian, has filed notice of intention to make proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before Chas. II. Boyle, U. S. commissioner, at Fort Benton, Montana, on the 2d day of January, 1913. Claimant names as witnesses: Jürgen En geilant, of Hawarden, Montana, William Bryant, Olaf Johnson, Gilbert Jargenson, of llighwood, Montana. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Notice of Sale of Real Estate. Notice is hereby given that the chairman of the board of county commissioners of Chouteau county, state of Montana, will sell at public auction to the highest bidder on December 16, 1912, all the countv's Interest in lots 10,12 and 14. block 1, of the town of Chinook, Montana Sale will be held at the front door of the courl house in Fort Benton, Jlont., at the hour of 10 o'clock a. m. By order of the board. J. LEE SEDGWICK, County Clerk In and for Chouteau Coun ty, 8ta of Montana. Non Coal Land. Notice For Publication. United States I.and Office at Great Falls, Mon» tana, November 25, 1912 Notice la hereby given that KRANK AUGUST LEHMANN, of Fort Benton, Mont.,who, on September 2, 1908, Biade homestead entry No. 01032, for section 13, township 21 north, range H Mat, Montana meridian, has filed notice ot lntentiok to make three-year proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before Chas. H. Boyle, U. S. commissioner, at Fort Benton, Montana^, on the 2d day of January, 1913. Claimant names as witnesses: Jürgen K b - geilant, of Hawarden, Montana, William Bryant, Olaf Johnson, Gilbert Jargenson, of Hlghwood, Montana. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Non Coal Land. Notice for Publication. United States Land Office at Great Falls, Mon tana, November 26, 1912. Notice is hereby given that BEULAH E. IIALL, of Shonkln, Mont., who, on September 30, 1911, made homestead entry No. 024159, for lots 3 ana 4, SV4 SW14 section 5, township 20 north, rang» 10 east, Montana meridian, has filed notice oC intention to make commutation proof, to estab lish claim to the land above described, beforo Chas. H Doyle, U. S. commissioner, at fort Benton, Montana, on the 3d day of Jannary, 191t. Claimant names as witnesses: Hlldla Not tingham, Leslie Biship, August Klay, Charlie Skilling, all of Shonkin, Montana. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Non Coal Land. Notice for Publication. United States Land Office at Great Falls, Mon tana, November 25, 1912. Notice le hereby given that NELS OLSON, of Teton, Montana, who, on February 21, 1910, made homestead entry No. 010042, for SWJ4 SEJi, S Vi SWü section 27, NW H, NW}* NEK section 34, township 25 north, range 9 eaet, Montana; meridian, has filed notice of intention to make three-year proof, to establish claim to the land above described, before Chas. H. Boyle, U. 8. commissioner, at Fort Benton, Montana, on the 3d day ot January, 1913. _ Claimant names as witnesses: William B. Emhleton, Oilbert R. Embleton, of Fort Benton, Montana, William Colline, Lars K. Lundy, of Teton, Mont. JULIUS C. PETERS, Register. Non Coal Land. Notice For Publication. United States Land Office at Great Falls, Mon taua, November 25, 1912. r-otlce Is hereby nlven that UKOKOK H STEVEN S, of Fort Ilenion, Montana, who, on May W8, 1909, and Decern her l!3, W<i9. made homentead and ad ditional homestead entries l N ob . 0U171 and 011537, for lots a, 8, 4, section HO, township 24 north, range 8 ea«i, and NEy, NÄü section township a4 north, range 7 e ast, Montana meridian, has filed notice of inten tion to make three-year proof, to establish claim to the Kind above dewcribed, before Chas. B. Boyle, Û. S. commissioner, at Fort Benton, Montana, on the 4th day of January, 1913. Claimant, names as witnesses: Maurice L. I.atta, .losBjih Thorpe, Julius Turnbull, Charles Morrison, ail of Hort Ilenton, Montana. JULIUS C. PETERS, Heglster. Notice To Contractors. Notice is hereby ;<lven that the board of connty commlseiojers ot Chouteau county will receive sealed bills ou December 14,1W12, lor the building of concrete approaches to the county bridge across tb" HiBBotiri river at Fort Ilenton, Mon tana. I'lims and specifications on file in the üttic« of tue county «urveyor. Bicln to be opened at 10 o'clock a. in. The board reserves the right lo reject any or all bids. J. LEE SEDGWICIv, County Clerk. November 13,1912. XWappers &nd shippers of ÀWFURS who want TOP PRICES and honest assortments should WRITE FOR OUR PRICE LIST. WE quote what WE pa.y arvd pi*y what WE quote. DtHVtRRAWWCa SJSäöKJ Û"8ïiîli3! isciiits Light as a Feather By Mrs. Janet McKenzie H ill , Editor of the Boston Cooking School Magazine Baking Powder Biscuits mnele by thi« fCcipe are so far ahead of ordinary ba king powder biscuits that, if once tried, yon will never use any other recipe. Try it the next time you run short of bread. Save this recipe. 28 «I l ■ C Bikini Powder Blscnlta Three cups flour; % to l / 2 cup short ening; 3 level teaspoonfuls K C Baking I'owc'er; about 1 cup milk or water; 1 teaspoonful salt. Sift three times, the flour, salt and baking powder. Work into the flour the shortening, using lard or butter for shortening. Then mix to a very soft dough with the milk. The softer the biscuit enters the oven, the lighter it comes out. Never knead baking powder biscuits; press the dough into shape and roll lightly. Cut in small shapes and ba^e on a sheet or very shallow pan in a hot oven. In placing biscuits in the pans place well apart, not allowing edges to touch. Small biscuits are better than large ones. Large biscuits do not have the proper amount of time to raise and bake. Have you seen the new K C Cook's Bool;? Brimful of appetizing recipes that simply must be successful every time if the few simple direc tions are carefully followed. You would gladly I. : v 50 cents for this valuable book, yet vee i«» i, osoluttly free upon receipt of the colored cer tificate packed in every 25-centcati of K C BakinflT Powder. Jaqües Mko. Co ., Chicago. SniaU cans do not luivc Cook's Book certificates.