Newspaper Page Text
The River Press.
Vol. XXXIII. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday December 18, 1912. N Ohe Santa. fa Clam* flr Parade m* \ m t:- * ' \ 1 S y. ' x I «I L Iii AMBASSADOR IS DEAD. Whitelaw Reid Passes Away After Brief Sickness. London , Dec 15. —Whitelaw Reid, United States ambassador to Great Britain since 1905, died in his London residence, Dorchestar house, shortly after noon today from pulmonary oedema. The end was quiet and peace ful. Mrs. Raid and their daughter were at the bedeide. The ambassador had been uncon scious since 9 o'clock in the morning and at intervals in the previous 24 hours he had been slightly delirious as a result of the drugs, administered to induce sleep. Whitelaw Reid was in his seventy. Bixth year, having been born October 27, 1837, in Xenia, Ohio. He became a newspaper writer a9 a young man and never eDded his connection with the public press. He was editor-in-chief of the New York Trib une for many years and afterward be came proprietor of that journal. He served in the first organizations of the civil war in 1861 and then as war cor respondent, in which capaci'y he was present at many important battles. Later in life he entered the diplo matic service and went to France a* United States minister in 1889, remain ing until 1892. He came back to the United States to run as the republican candidate for vice president on the ticket with President Harrison. In 1897 he was sent as special ambassador to Great Britain to attend the celebra tion of the diamond jubilee of Queen Victoria. His next important work was as special commissioner to the Paris conference which negotiated peace between the United States and Spain. In 1902 he was again appointed spe cial ambassador to Great Britain for the coronation of King Edward VII., with whom he had been always on the most friendly terms. He was chosen in Maroh, 1905, United States ambas sador to Great Britain in succession to Joseph H. Choate. Railroad Equipment Is Bad. -Washington , Dec. 16.—"Safety first" is the paramount rule of train operation suggested by the interstate commeroe commission in Its twenty sixth annual report, submitted today to congress. Discussion of disasters on Americas railroads during the year constitutes an Important feature of the report. It Is pointed out that many of the accidents resulting in fatalities might have been averted by the exercise of proper precaution or the employment of suitable devices and good equip ment. Figures given show that of the total of 8,215 derailments during the jesr, 1,877 were caused by defects of roadway and 3,947 were due to defec tive equipment. This indicates an in crease over the previous year of 652 in the derailments due to bad road way, and 1,023 due to bad equipment. Enormous Farm Values. Washington , Dec. 16 —Final esti mates of production and value of eleven of the important crops which go to make up the enormous grand total Qf 19,532.000,000, the wealth produced on farms through the soil and farmers' livestock during 1912 as stated by the secretary of agriculture, were an* nounced today by the crop reporting board, bureau of statistics, depart ment of agriculture. The figures are the official government estimates for the important crops and indicate the acreage, production, value asked or prices paid to farmers on December 1. These eleven crops are only a portion of the production of the soil which the secretary of agriculture estimates will amount this year to 86,137,000,000. The secretary estimates the total value of the animal products of the farm in 1912 to be about 93,395,000,000. M ay Abandon Montana Forts. Washington , Dec. 16.—The war department has in contemplation a plan which may result in the abandon ment of Fort William Henry Harrison and Fort Missoula, Montana, in Jan uary next. During that month the Twenty-fifth infantry, colored, now at Fort Wright and Fort Lawton, will sail for Hawaii, and it is proposed, though not yet definitely decided, that the Fourteenth Infantry shall replace it. At present the headquarters and the Second battalion of the Fourteenth infantry are at Fort Harrison, near Helena, and the Third battalion is at Fort Missoula. Women Begin Long March. New Yokk , Dec. 16.— "First aid is all right for our small bruises, but n> thing will cure us hut votes for all." Thus «Hug 25 suffragettes as they sta'ted on their 140-mile walk to Al bany io deliver to Governor-elect Sul z r on bis inauguration day a message for the cause of women suffrage. Clad in sweaters, mackinaws, short skirts aLd high boots and headed by a woman beating a martial tattoo on a snare drum, the marchers left Van Cortlaudt park on the outskirts of the city shortly after 9 o'clock. Sympa thizers of both sexes were on band and cheered lustily when the leader of the pilgrimage, Miss Rosaline Jones "General Jones" as she was called by her fellow suffragettes—gave the order "forward march." PARCELS POST RULES. Various Kinds of Farm Products May Be Mailed. Washington , Dec. 13.—According to regulations governing the parcels post system, promulgated by Post master General H tchcock, perishable articles may be seat through the mails only under specific restrictions as to their containers and the distance they are to be sent. Butter, lard, fish, fresh meats, dressed fowl*, vegetables, fruits, ber ries and similar articles likely quickly to decay may be sent for short dis tance when securely packed. Eggs will be accepted for local delivery when packed properly in a container and for any distance when each egg Is separately packed in a perfectly secure manner. No restriction Is placed on the mail ing of salted, dried, smoked or cured meats, but fresh meat will be trans ported only within the first zone. Fragile articles, including millinery, toys, musical instruments and articles of glass in whole or in part must be packed securely and marked "fragile. " Articles that may not be sent by parcels post include Intoxicating liquors of any kind; poisons, poison ous animals, insects or reptiles, ex plosives of every kind: inflammable articles, including matcher; infernal machines; pistols or revolver?; disease germs; any ob?cece, defamatory or Scurrilous matter now prohibited by law; live or dead animals, or birds or live pouhry; raw hides or pelts, or anything having a bad odor. Books and printed matter may not be forwarded at parcels post rates, but. only at the pouad rat is, or third class matter. " A DELUGE OF ORATORY. Congressmen Debate Proposed Change In Immigration Laws. Washington , Dec. 14.— A deluge of impassioned oratory swept the house of representatives for four hours to day during general debate on the Dil lingham-Burnett bill fixing a literacy test for Immigrants to the Uulted States. The measure was brought up in the bouse after a fight on a special rule brought In from the committee on rules, which was adopted on a roll call vote by an overwhelming majority despite complaints of "gag rule" from the opponents of the bill. After four hours discussion the house adjourned with the bill still pending. It will be taken up next week. The field day of speechmaking was opened by Representative Burnett of Alabama in charge of the bill. He at tacked the class of immigrants now coming to this country and declared that the literacy test was demanded by labor organizations and farmers' organizations because they did not want the "spittoons of Europe empti ed into this country." Representative Moore of Pennsyl vania, in charge of the opposition, said the bill would Dot accomplish the object for which it was framed. "You shut the doors to the unedu cated European because their poverty has held them back," be said, "and at the same time you say to the Black Hand, the scamp, the anarchist, the fellow who reads inflamatory and deadly literature, "Come in, we need you." Representative Curley of Massa chusetts, opposing the bill, called on the shades of Dante, Michael Angelo, Plutarch and half a hundred other ancients of fame with tongue-twisting names to witness the Intellectual qual ities of the natives of southern Eu rope. May Break Egg Market. Chicago , Dec. 14.— Following the lead set by the women of Philadel phia, the Women's Clean Food league of Chicago Is preparing a campaign for lower prices for eggs. Ten carloads of fresh country eggs will be placed on sale in booths In different seotions of the city next Fri day at 24 cents a dozen. Eggs now being 47 cents a dozen. The league will not attempt to make any profit on the sales, but will endeavor simply to break the market. Big Grain Blockade.; Buffalo . N. Y., Dec. 14 —Three miles of giant freighters, their hulls filled with millions of bushels of grain, are riding at anchor tonight Inside the breakwaters of Buffalo's outer harbor, forming one of the heaviest blockades of grain in the history of the port. The 53 vessels are carrying cargoes aggregating 15,000,000 bushels of ex port grain, virtually alt of it being wheat. In the inner harbor are 20 vessels, and a like number are ex pected from upper lake ports before the lakes become unnavigable. The total cargo value of the fleet in winter quarters here is estimated at 920,000,000. The grain will be trans shipped at the rate of 1,000 cars a day during the winter and the remainder will ba shipped by canal in the spring. High Price For Montana Steaks. Spokane , Dec. 14.— T-bone steaks at $25 each may seem a little expensive to the ordinary person, but that is the price rich persons, at least, will pay for choice cuts supplied by Royal, the grand champion Hereford prize-win oirg steer at the L^wi-tnr , Idaho, live stock show. Tho sieer was bought by E. H. Siunton of S| okiuie, the price paid was 91,4ûti, or 91 05 a pound. The steer was i uist d, exhibited and sold by th •• Jones Land and Cattle company of Wisdom, Mont., in the Big Hole bar-in. Royal paid his respects to the Spo kane public this afternoon and parad ed down Riverside avenue on an Im perial tour of 30 streets, preceded by a brass band. The animal is 14 months old, was fattened on hay and is as smooth and slick as an Alaska seal. Will Prosecute Butter Trust. Chicago , Dec. 14. —The Elgin Board of Trade, popularly known as the butter trust," and the American As sociation of Creamery Butter Manu facturers were attacked by the federal government in a civil anti-trust suit, filed here today for the dissolution of both concerns. Sweeping charges of a conspiracy to fix arbitrarily the price of butter in the interest of manufacturers and cold storage concerns and to the detriment of the farmer, other small producers and of the consuming public, are made by Attorney General Wicker sham against the so-called trust, which he would destroy as a violation of the Sherman law. Butter making has drifted to the large manufacturers, the natural increase in volume of busi ness has been curtailed and prices to the people of the country have been enhanced' especially during the win ter season, by the operations of the "ooosplrators," according to the gov ernment's petition in the equity. Vacant Seat In Congress. Washington , Dec. 12 —Represen tative Charles C. Bowman of the Eleventh Pennsylvania district was unseated by the house today by the passage, 153 to 158, of the resolution declaring that corrupt practices had been used in his election In 1910. At the same time the house bad re fused, 181 to 88 to seat George R. Mc Lean, his democratic opponent. It was charged that he bad been guilty of the same practices as were alleged against Bowman. The seat from the Eleventh district will be vaoant until March 4, when it will be filled by John J. Casey, demo crat, elected last November. Should Eat More Fruit. Kansas City, Mo ., Deo. 12.— That a greater consumption of fruit by Americans would cause a great reduc tion in the cost of living and raise the general standard of health in this country, was the declaration of sev eral speakers before the annual con vention of the Western Association of Nurserymen here today. The associa tion is pledged to lower the cost of production of fruit and Improve the methods of dlstributuon, so as to les sen tbe cost to the consumer. A legis lative committee was appointed to work for uniform tree inspection laws in all the western states. Power Companies Merged. Trenton. N. J., Dec 13. —Articles of consolidation were filed with the secretary of slate today by the Butte Electric Power company, the Montana Power company, Madison River Power company, Billings & Eastern Montana Power company and the Missouri Elec tric Light & Power company. These companies had a combined capital of approximately $14,000,000. The new company, under the name of the Mon tana Power company, ha9 an author ized capital of 9100,000,000 divided in to 91U0 shares. WINS WHEAT PRIZE. Montana Awarded Honors At Big Northwest Exposition. St. Paul , De. 11 —J P. Nash and Chas. Bridgemao of Cl>de Park have been awarded the five thousand dollar prize for trie best five bushels of wheat grown in the American northwest dur ing 1912 by 'he Northwest Development league. Thi* award wa* made because Nash and Bridgeman were able to tile affi davits showing they had produced 3.035 bu-he|s of wheat on 52 acres and they gained their points on yield, not altogether on q iality. Peter Deboir, of Conrad, Mont., was second with a final score of 84 as Hgainst the 02 of Bridgeman and Na*h. Deboir'* wheat scored two points higher on the floor of the Minneapolis grain exchange and milled two points higher than the winner when the millers had made bread of it. b it D.-boir said this y it la was only 40 bushels to the acre while Bridgeman and Nash have taken oath that they had 59jt bushels to the acre on 52 acres. Fred Smrz of Hinifham scor d I igh est on the commercial card and so far as any one knows, had the best wheat at the exposition bin Smrz had a yield of only 21 hushels to the acre and lost out. J. F. Kane of Conrad was fourth with a total score of 81. Dick Beuu of Conrad was fifth and it would have been a bright day for Conrad if one of the exhibitors could have shown a yield to compare with Bridgeman and Nash. For Additional Homestead Entries. Washington , Dec. 11.—Represen tative Lafferty of Oregon has intro duced a bill for additional entries for homestead entrymen in Montana and other western states. It provides that any person who has made final proof and has received patent for lands en ered under the Uuited States home stead laws In Montana and the west ern states prior to the act of Febuary 19, 1909, as amended by act of June 301912, and who has not heretofore disposed of such lands, shall be en titled to enter so much non-mineral, non-irrigable, unreserved and unap propriated surveyed public lands which do not contain merchantable timber, located In a reasonable com pact body and not more than ten miles distant from his original entry, as when added to his original entry shall not exceed 320 acres. Record Price For Montana Steer. Lewiston , Idaho, Deo. 12.—In the sale ring of the Northwest Live stock Show here yesterday, tbe grand champion steer of tbe «how sold for 91.05 a pound. Tbe steer weighs 1,275 pounds, making the total price 91, 338.75. The steer is a pure bred Here ford 14 months old and was exhibited here by the Jones Land & Cattle com pany of Wisdom, Montana. The buy er was the Stanton Cold Storage com pany of Spokane. The first prize carload of cattle sold for 98.10 a hundred. Alleged Horseshoers'Trust. Detroit , Dec. 12 — Tbe federal gov ernment tiled a civil anti-trus-t suit here today against the Horseshoers' trust. Io a petition in equity. At torney General Wickersham seeks in junctions against the Master Horse shoers' National Protective Associa tion, its officers and manufacturers of drilled horseshoes, adjustable calks and rubber hoof pads from continuing an alleged combination and conspir acy t j control tbe sale of those articles in this country and Canada, to horse shoers, and prevent their sale direct to horse owners. Through unlawful agreements and contracts, it U charged the defend ants have interfered seriously with Interstate and foreign commerce in violation of the Sherman law. Buried Under Snowslide. Cordova , Alaska, Dec. 11.—Five bodies remain buried in the snow at the foot of Copper mountain, where an avalanche killed nine men and In jured two last Sunday. The body of "Bud" Gallagher, miner, was re covered today, The 11 men caught,by tbe avalanche were at work when they heard a great noise from above. Every man dropped bis work aod started to rtm, hut only W. W. McCarthy and Key Oda got beyond the path of tbe slide. Tbe buildings were obliterated. The rescue workers have no means of knowing where to look for bodies. Balm For False Conviction. W ashington , Dec. II.—All persons erroneously convicted in the United States couits and later pardoned or acquitted would have the right to ap ply fur pecuniary indemnification for defauuiiion of character brought about by their conviction by the terms of a bill it ti-oduced today by Senator Suth erland. The amount to be paid would be determined by the court of claims, but io no instance could exesed 95,000 THEY NEED PROTECTION. American Citizens Menaced By Mexican Bandits. W ashington , Dec. 11.—President Taft listened tonighttostartling disclo sures about present-day conditions in Mexico. Four American business men with Mexican interests and two mem bers of the senate sat io the cabinet room at d heard the story vouched for by all, told to the president by one man who had been in tbe southern republic within tbe last few weeks. It was a tale of outrages on MexU can womeo, of murders and of hold ups of Americans, of bandits who seized Americans and held them for ransom and of general lawlessness. The story came out at the bearing granted by the president to the Ameri can business men who have appeared before the 6tate department and who Were referred to the White house. They did not ask intervention, they Mid after tbe hearing was over, but they requested tbe president to see that the Americans were protected and tbat life and property was made safe. Tbe president promised to take up the case with tbe departments con cerned. Probe For Canning Industry. Washington , Dec. 10.—A general congressional investigation of the can ning industry of tbe country is pro posed in a resolution by Representa tive Allen of Ohio. Tbe resolution sets forth that conditions in certain canneries were "filthy," that diseased workers are employed in these par ticular canneries and also tbat women and young children are employed uu der adverse conditions. Gets Bath of Molten Slag. Salt Lake , Dec. 10.—Molten slag, poured upon William Bruce, a labor er, as he lay asleep, resulted in bis death at a local hospital last night. At Garfield Bruce lay down among the warm slag at the foot of the Ameri can smelter dump. Toward morning ten toos of liquid fire rolled down the dump and splashed over the sleeper.