Newspaper Page Text
Fhe River Press.
Vol. XXXIII. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday» January 1, 191^, No. 11 * m s k m Limit of first zone from Chicago. Rate 5 cents for first pound and 3 cents for each additional pound. Limit of second zone from Chicago. Rate 6 cents, 4 cents. Limit of third zone from Chicago. Rate 7 cents, 5 cents. Fourth zone. Rate 8 cents, 6 cents. TYPICAL DIAGRAM INDICATING PARCEL POST ZONES FROM CHICAGO AND SHOWING HOW TO COMPUTE POSTAGE ON PACKAGES. service 8 which ^ifbe^nau^urafed Jan l***' h °' thB Z ° n ° 8y8tem W,U be USe< * pranging rates for the parcel post asSÄrta 'crÄr; - -« > ^ An examp!e of how to get the first xone Is as follows: Every unit V ^1? î?v. Wh ^ h your P° 8tofflce lm '»cated. Draw a circle of fifty miles radius around that center f ^ es w h°My within that circle or more than half of which la within that circle is included in th« flr«t The second"S>rf' V rato ,s 5 cents ,or th# flrst P° und *» d * cents for each adduîonal piund the flr8t Z ° M it ^li nnlauf. fvf 2 determined by drawing with the same center a circle of 160 miles radius. Every unit which lies wlthla ij pound flrat r ° ne - " to the » TOOnd «»«•. «d »"a rate 1. « cent, for the flrst pound andTcenS 'for Jach ad Jitoi" by ^ hlch the second zo «o 1» determined Is used for all other sones. their radii and rate of postage for the flrat «nt/- flfVh n ^f°i I !ÏÏÎ r " pect ' ve,y be, «W as follow.: Third zone, 300 miles. 7 cents. 5 cents; fourth Von" 800 miles 8 cents 6 £ni il- Äh 9 . cent "' 7 cent8: " lxth *° ne - M» m,le ". M <»»*■. » cents; seventh zone, 1,800 mUeTucSw cents, eighth zone and all territory farther away. Including the Philippines and Island possessions, 13 cents flat. For the purpose of carrying this law Into effect the United States is divided into sones. with different rates of postage applicable to each, as follows: Weight. ^ ZS 1 pound . I pounds S pounds 4 pounds Local rate. 10. OS .06 .07 .08 I pounds 6 pounds 40 7 pounds .11 8 pounds 9 pounds 13 10 pounds 14 11 pounds 15 Zone rate, 60 miles. S0.06 .08 .11 .1« .17 .30 .21 .36 .38 n .38 «To if! |5 a Rate. 30.06 .10 .14 .18 .22 .26 .30 .34 .38 .41 M 28 rf 2 o J S|S Rate. 10.07 .12 .17 .22 .27 .32 .37 .42 .47 a « if* Rate. 80.08 .14 .20 .26 .32 .38 .44 .50 .66 .62 .«8 £§ îh Sel »§ Rate. t0.09 .16 .13 .30 .37 .44 .51 .68 .66 .72 s si £8 8 5 ®.. Rate. 10.10 .19 .28 .37 .46 .65 .64 .73 .82 .91 1.00 s s! ,5§S Rate. $0.11 .a .31 .41 .51 .61 .71 .81 .91 1.88 1.U I; 8 111 « = « Rate. 80.12 .24 .36 •4S .60 .72 .84 .96 1.0S 1.20 1.3* Parcel Post Is Operated On Unit System W<û 8 Zones Any One Can Learn Postage Rates by Figuring Out Dis tance From Pustutfice. B I'"GINNING New Year's day at (5 a. m. the new parcel post law permits any inhabitant of the United States to send through the mail merchandise of all descrip tions. provided it does not weigh more than eleven pounds and is not more than six feet in combined length and girth. One point the postmaster gen eral wishes emphasized and that is that all packages have to be taken to the postotfice by the sender, and this doesn't mean the numbered substa tious ordinarily found in drug stores, but the regular postoffice stations. The packages will be delivered at their destination in wagons, the deliv eries being as regular as the present letter service. At present the number of men in the postal service has not been increased. Such a step is considered unnecessary at present. The postoffice department has been working overtime since last July, when congress passed the law. preparing for the inauguration of the new service. Twenty thousand of the most delicate and Intricate scales have been ordere» im- delivery before Jan. 1. A most elaborate system of maps has been completed, inaugurating a zone system. There are eight differ ent zones. Upon the maps are depict ed various units iu each zone. Every town is situated in a numbered unit. Bhown upon the map. The flrst zone is any distance within fifty miles. The second zone is a greater distance, and so on until the last zone, which takes in Alaska and the Hawaiian Is lands, but not the Philippines. For instance, the map with its num Counterfeiters Were Busy. Washington , Dec. 26.— There has been a remarkable activity of email coin counterfeiters in the last few weetts, attributed by secret service offi ciais to the rush of the Christmas sea son, when offenders expected to pass spurious money on the hurrying pub lic. Most of the counterfeit ivere half dollars circulated in the east. OûÔ .i.ï/ ■ 3,503 , SS s s Mapped Out With Uiüs-Governmsnt Guides Cheaply. bered units printed on it shows that New York city is in unit 717. which, of course, is in the first zone. Each lo cality makes its own flrst zone, so it was necessary for the postotiicp de partment to have printed separate maps for euch locality. Suppose you are in unit 717 in the flrst zone and you want to send a package to Buffalo, which is approximately in unit 1.102. which is in the second zone. You take the package to the postotfice, and the postotfice clerk will place lt on the newly constructed scales, flrst desig nating ou tlie scales that the package is to go to the second zone. When it is welshed the scale will give exactly the nmount necessary to carry the package to its destination. The flrst zone of fifty miles includes what is called the local zone. The maximum charge for the local zone is 5 cents for the flrst pound and 1 cent for each additional pound. After that there is a graduated in crease. the second zone having a ra dius of 150 miles, the third 300 miles: etc.. until the eighth zone, which In cludes every town over 1.800 miles. Separate provision is made for all packages that weigh four ounces or less. Like the present system of fourth class matter, there will be a flat rate of a cent an ounce. If a package weighs over four ounces it goes under the pound rate. Every postmaster and postoffice clerk handling parcel post has a map and a guidebook which holds the key to the numbered units on the map. If you want to send a package to Buffalo his guidebook will show him which unit Buffalo Is in. and then the map will Soo Line Is Coming. Minneapolis , Dec. 27.—The Soo line will lay rails into Montana early in the year 1913, according to the statement today of Edmund Penning ton, president of the road. The Amb rose lice is to be extended about 50 miles Into Valley county, Montana, and another extension from Piaza, N. D., to a point near Good ale, Mont., has been approved. designate the zone. ATT lie has to do is to mark his scale with the zone in dicator and the machine will show the amount of postage. The postoffice department has issued a guide book and map that can be «pur chased for 75 cents. There is also an insurance against loss of all packages not over $50. Among the things that will not be ac cepted for delivery are intoxicants, ex plosives, inflammable liquids, live or dead animals, firearms, diseuse geruis, books or printed matter. A special series of stamps has been engrt ved for the service. The greatest advantage of the par cel post is to the farmer who wants to sell his products direct to the consum er. A postal card for a dozen or more l'resh eggs can be sent on one day and the eggs received the next. All kinds of produce will be acceptable. Eggs can be packed separately in cotton and placed iu corrugated pasteboard boxes so they can be shipped with entire safe ty. All packages containing eggs must be marked "eggs." All fragile articles, such as millinery, toys, musical instruments, glassware, etc.. must be marked "fragile." It is expected that the parcel post will hurt the express companies' busi ness. particularly in short deliveries, on account of the cheap rates of the parcel post. The suburban poultry and produce markets will be accessible to thousands of town buyers. The parcel post stamps measure 1 by 1% Inches between perforated »n«« The color is red for all denominations. In a curved panel across the top, sup ported by a paneled perpendicular col umn at each end. Triangular ornaments occupy both upper corners. The denomination in large numerals Is in each lower cor ner. with the title of the subject and the word "cents" or "dollars" between. The designs on the several denomi nations are as follows: 1 cent—Postofflce clerk. 2 cents—City carrier. 3 cents—Railway postal cleric. 4 cents—Rural carrier. 5 cents—Mall train. 10 cents—Steamship and mall tender. 15 cents—Automobile service. 20 cents—Aeroplane carrying mail. 25 cents—Manufacturing. 60 cents—Dairying. 75 cents—Harvesting. 31— Fruit growing. Helena , Dec. 27—The annual meeting of the state association of as sessors will be held in Helena Janu ary 21 to 23 for the purpose of con sidering matters pertaining to the a* sessment of property. Notices of the meeting have been sent to all the &* aessor* in the state bv Frank S'eele, seeretary of thp association, and there is reason to believe that all the as eessor .-i will attend. DYNAMITERS^ SENTENCED. Labor Union Officials Will Spend Several Years In Prison. Indianapolis , Dec. 30.—Sentences varying from seven years' imprison, ment in the federal prison at Leaven wortb, Ka.., to one year and one day and to suspended sentences were today Imposed upon the 38 labor union offi cials In the dynamite conspiracy cases. Frank M. Ryan, president of the Iron workers' international union, was given a sentence of seven years. Olaf A. Tveitmoe <»f San Francisco, convicted of aiding in plotting the de struction of the L in Angeles Times building, and Eugene A. Clancv, also of San Francisco, were given six years each. Before Judge Auderson parsed sen tence he said he ii> sired t> make a statement. He then reviewed the case as well as the evidence introduced and said: "This campaign of dynamite was carried on throughout the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The evidence disclosed an appalling list of crimes, in addition to those charged in the Indicroen'?. Tbcse crimes were all commuted in ihr i>t>me of organ ized labor. I will no», believe that organized labor spproves of such practices. "Any organization that approves and adopts the methods of these de fendants is an outlaw and will meet the fate which outlaws have met since civilized society began. "The evidence shows some of these defendants to be guilty of murder, but they are not charged with that crime; this court cannot punish them for it, nor shall it be influenced by such con sideration In fixing the measures of punishment for the crimes charged." Snowdrifts Block Traffic. Ellbnsbcrq , Wash., Deo. o Snow ccmdUions in the Cascade moun 30 - tains are the worst in 20 years, accord ing to railroad officials here. The Milwaukee is tied up completely by slides. The Northern Pacific has re fused to handle Milwaukee trains ovtr the mountains. Snow i'ilowb at Easton aod Lester are wedged in the snow. A plow sta tioned at Ellensburg, with a 15 foot double fan has released one snow plow. A locomotive left the rails at Easton and is on its side. A wrecking outfit has left here by special train, with 95 laborers follow ing. A foot of snow an hour is re ported at the summit. Lower down, rain fell last evening and then froze, forming a heavy crust on the snow and making conditions much worse. Ready For Parcel Post. Washington , Dec. 30.— A New Year's gift by the American govern ment to the American people will be a thoroughly equipped domestic parcel post. Following consideration of the subject in a general way for a third of a century, congress last August autho rized the postmaster general to es tablish the new system on January 1, 1913. In actual operation it is expected that the parcel post will bring the factory and farm into closer touch with the consumer and that it may reduce the high cost of living. The largest city and the most obscure hamlet alike will enjoy the advantages of the par cel post. It will be open to all on precisely equal terms. The new sys tem will be a direct competitor of the express companies, particularly on small package business. By it shippers praotically may send from their own doors parcels to any one of the 60,000 postoffices in the United States. Garment Workers On Strike. New York , Dec. 30. —Men and women garment workers, estimated at 125,000 went out on strike in New York today, tying up approximately 4,000 factories. Tbey demand higher pay and better working conditions. Picket squads have been posted at all factories affected. An eight hour day, 20 per cent in crease in wages, with a minimum of •10 a week for girls and 910 for men, abolition of child labor and work in the tenements are the features of the strikers' demands. Phosphate Rock In Montana. Washington , Dec. 30.—New dis coveries of phosphate rock in Mon tana are reported by the Uniteh States geological survey iu the Garnet range 3ô miles from Anaconda, and six miles north of Garrison. Considerable im portance is attached to the discovery, nut only because the rock exists in commercial quantities, but because it in ea»y reach of the smelters, where | an abundance of eulphuric acid is going to waste. , To convert this rock into available to conoludé that" there i~s soon" to "be developed in Montana a great fertili j zeP lndu , tPy that BUpply not only fertilizer phosphate rock Is quickly rendered available as plant food by dissolution in sulphuric acid and a combination of vast quantities of phosphate rork; and sulphuric acid in one vicinity l<-ads the survey officials western well. but eastern agriculture as Land Patents Held Up. Washington , Dec. 28.— By the joiut action today of the war, inter ior and agricultural departments, ex tensive land patents of the Interna tional Power aud Manufacturing com pany of the state of Washington were held up because of the belief of Secretary Fis her that the company was trying to free Itself from all con-1 1 by the , S' ,ver nment b> »ecuring patents to lands under tha guise of mining claims or by railroad scrip, filings in combination with a ,p cial 200,000 dam license. The company was planning t > hui!d a series of power plants which it was estimated would produce horse power, having a value of $5, 000 000 to »8,000 000 a year. The power site is In the so called"S" can yon of the Pend D'Oreille river, situa ted partly in the Kaniksu national foret-t and partly in the power site reserve set aside by President Taft TARIFF REVISION SESSION. Will Be Called By New President About March 15. Trenton, N. J., Deo. 25.— Congress probably will be called into extraor dinary session by President Woodrow Wilson shortly after his inauguration, perhaps March 15, and the particular legislation that will come before it will b3 tariff revision. After two hours' conference with Speaker Clark, the president-elect jes terday ea(d be would endeavor tQ meet tbe wishes of democratic leaders in congress, who, he was informed, were anxious that the interval between the two sessions of congress be as brief as possible. While, the speaker said the time of the present legislature would be con sumed with appropriation bills, leav log the bulk of the democratic plat form pledget* to the next congress, he concurred with Mr. Wilson that the tariff should be the foremost subicet to come before the special session. When the conference was over, Mr. Wilson said the talk had bei universal lines legislation a tilong I wt " as j cabinet possibilities having been | taken up He added that they had 1 discussed the general character of the , extra session and the preparedness of, generul legislation to come before it. "We agreed that the tariff should | be the main interest of the extra ses sion," said the governor. In urging an early meeting of con gress, the speaker told Mr. Wilson he believed members of congress ought not to be kept waiting too long be tween sessions. May Reduce Cost of Living. Washington , Dec. 26.— Boarding house keepers all over the country may celebrata today, for the express companies have been compelled by the government to cut down the rate on prunes. The reduction was brought about through the agency of the par cels post. Dr. Charles P. Granfleld, first as sistant postmaster general, recetnly received from a Sao Diego, Cal., grower the aooouocement that the lat ter proposed to send a parcels post of two car loads of prunes to New Yorlc. It was a "freak" shipmeot and was to be sent in eight pound boxes. The rate would have been 96 cents. Tbe express companies promptly cut their rate to 35 cents. Dr. Gran Seid believes that the parcels post eventually will force express rates down to "rock bottom." The Oldest Store "Girl." New York , Dec. 26.— Miss Ellen Horgan, a department store "girl" 104 years old, who was dusting coun ters at the store every morning up to a few days ago, died from bronchitis in her lonely little flat yesterday. In a few weeks more she would have been 105 years old. Her friends in the big store had planned to make her Christ mas a merry one by visiting her, but to their grief their plans were halted by the news of her death. Bozeman , Dec. 27.—It is reported here that Hogers Bros, of Alpena, Mich., a firm of seed dealers, will have a large acreage of seed peas in the Gallatin va.'ley for the coming season. Tbey will be a new tirm in tbe business here, which this last sea son assumed such large proportions in the Gall latin valley, as to consti tute one of its staple crops. BREAKFAST FOOD TRUSTS Federal Authorities Allege Attempt: To Monopolixe Business. Chicago , Dec. 26. —Investigation of an alleged attempt to secure control of the oatmeal business of the Udited States has been started by the federal grand jury here. Purchase of the Great Western Cer» eal companv by the Quaker Oats com' pany will be inquired into first Rob ert Gordon, secretary of the Quaker Oats company, aud Daniel Pekterkln, private -ecretary of Joy Morton, head of the Great Western company, have been ordered to appear before the grand jury. A uuuib-r of other em j ploye8 baTn betQ sllbp0fänaed to tell of the traDsactll , n6 . It is L . haPffed thw virtual C(mtro , of lhe OHtmea , bus( . ; nea8 resuked from the trHnsactlon . Detroit , Die. 2(5. — The Kellogg Toasted Corn F ak, company is al j le^d to be violating th, Sherman law in a petition in equity filed in the United State» riis'rict court here today t»y order of Attorney G *neral Wickor j sbam to neitie for all the time the ex tent to which a manufacturer may coo** trol retail prices. The company und its offleere, engag ed in the manufacture of Kellogg's Toasted C.jru Fiakee, are charged with fixing prices at which the flakes are sold to retailer aud consumer, pre venting competition which would re duce the price to the public and créât» log a monopoly by concentrating the entire interstate traffic do this com* modity in the hands of jobbers and re«* tallers who abldejby price agreements exacted by the defendants. It is aU> leged that the defendaots have invoked the patent laws through tbe use of ft patented carton in which the flakes ere packed as "mere subterfuge and de* vice" to escape tbe provisions of tbe Sbermao law. Tbe government asks for injunctions to prevent the company, its officer* and agents from controlling the price of the breakfast food after it leavea tbe hands of the mannfacturer. Christmas Cheer For Homeless. New York , Dec. 25.— The Christ mas spirit prevailed here today and muU i t udes of poor feit the bénéficient results. The Salvation Army caring for 300, 000 persons throughout the country, provided for 25,000 here. At tlie Nin'ih regimeut armory 5, 000 baskets of food were presented to representntives of as many families. Clothing and fuel will be exchanged in rtturn for tlckeU haadad tQ ^ - 00 0 people. The tickets were given to two lhou ., aDjs of b(id bet , u f ec j Congressman "Big Tim" Sullivan gav , hu CU8tomary Chri8lma9 dinaer hungry after they to 5.0U0 homeless men. Tickets were distributed which will bring each man shoes and socks on Febuary 6. Greetings By Wireless. Washington , Dec. 26. — For tbe first time in history, wireless Christmas greetings were Hashed last night from tbe Mate Island navy yard on the Pacific coAftt to Washington. The message wa« irom Captain Mayo, the commander of the Mare Island navy yard, and was received by the giant radio station at Arlington. It con veyed the wishes of Captain Mayo and other officers of the navy and tbe officers of the navy and marine oorpa for "A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year." First Snow Storm In 30 Years. Fort Worth , Tex., Dec. 26.— There is sleighing today in southern Texas. Antiquated cutters and "bobs', arc speeding through the streets with merry loads for it is the first sleigh ing in thirty years. There are many happy youngsters who today hurled their first snowball. The snow has fallen to a depth of four inches, and in some parts of the Panhandle the depth Is greater than seven inches. Practically the same conditions pre* vail in Oklahoma, but there sleighing is oot such a oovelty. Should Raise Sugar Beets. Washington Dec. 27.— With the declaration that the Uoited States should raise all its sugar, the depart ment of agriculture today issued an appeal to the American farmer to go in for the cultivation of the sugar beet. There are 2,000,000 short tons of beets now imported annually, which should be raised at home. Many Leap Year Marriages. Chicago , Dec. 27.—Leap .year is given credit by the marriagt* license clerkn in this city for a gain o' 3,374 in the number of licenses issued here during 1912. The total number was 32.877.