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Press. Vol. XXXIII. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, Oktober 1, 1913. No. 59 TARIFF CONFERENCE REPORT Underwood Measure has Undergone Changes in Many Provisions. Washington, Sept. 29.—The confer ence report of the Underwood-Sim mons tariff bill, representing the final adjustment of disputes between the senate and house over the former's amendments, was made public today when the democratic managers sub mitted it for the first time to their republican colleagues on the confer ence committee. In the form in which the tariff bill ultimately will go to President Wil son for his signature, it carries many changes from the original Underwood bill passed by the house last May. While the senate gave way on many of its amendments in the two weeks' fight in the conference committee, many Important changes were retain ed, and the general average of rates of the house bill was reduced about 4 per cent ad valorem. Some of the more important changes agred to by the conference covered the schedule of agricultural products and provisions. In addition to putting cattle and sheep on the free list, the conference agreed to reduc tions on oats, butter, beets, extracts of meats, currants, chocolate and other provisions and vegetables. The democratic tariff revision was begun early last April and has been constantly before congress since that time. For over two and a half weeks the eight democratic members of the conference committee nave been at work adjusting their differences and compromising disputed questions. When the six republicans were called in it was only to give their formal expressions of opinion on a report which the democrats had prepared. As the tariff bill went Into the con ference committee it carried more than 670 amendments made by the senate and which the house refused to ac cept. All of these had been settled with the exception of the Clark amendment proposing a tax on trad ing in cotton futures. Cannot Pacify Mexican Rebels Washington, Sept. 29.—The admin istration has reluctantly concluded that at present there is no constitu tional means of opening communica tion with an official basis with the in surgent parties in Mexico. This fact developed today as the result of an inquiry whether Mr. Lind, the presi dent's special commissioner to Mexi co, was able to get into communica tion with the constitutionalists with a view to securing an agreement from them to respect a truce, while the pro jected October elections in Mexico are under way. Trouble is brewing in the state of Tabasco, which has been quiet for some time and there are rumors that the insurrectionists in the southern part of the state are only awaiting the arrival of expected reinforcements to renew hostilities. Sick Stranger was Wealthy San Francisco, Sept. 29.—Edward McDonald a plainly dressed middle aged man, was found ill in a cheap lodging house here last night with five cents in change in his pocketbook but with $1,270,000 in negotiable bonds and securities sewed up in an Inside pocket. The papers are said to be securities of forty-five of bona fide companies in active operation and all drawing interest. The sick man is in a state of coma and no explanation regarding his wealth has been discovered. He is believed, however, to have amassed the fortune through frugae living and investments. Importing Australian Meat San Francisco, Sept. 29.—Six hun dred tons of refrigerated meat, con signed to this port formed part of the cargo of the British steamer Canada Cape which arrived taday from New Castle and Sydney. The vessel will proceed to Vancouver and discharge more meat and a consignment of coal. Federal Aid for Good Roads Detroit, Sept. 29.—Secretary Hous ton of the United States department of agriculture, in an address before the American road congres# here, to day, explained the interest of the fed eral government with reference to road building. He urged good roads for the farmer in preference to great transcontinental highways for auto mobilists, but said he did not under estimate the valuable service render ed by automobilists for road building. "That the suggestion of federal aid to road building raises grave ques tions and Involves possible dangers, no thoughtful citizen doubts," said the secretary. "There are proposals before the public mind which would bankrupt the federal treasury, and suggest possible abuses before which those of the worst pork barrel bills of the past would pale Into insignifi cance. No proposal which does not carry with it the assurance of safe guarding the treasury m this direc tion seems to me to stand the ghost of a chance of favorable considera tion." Great Falls, Sept. 29.—Following a week's search for the body of a man su PP° sed to be c - L - Morton of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the body was recovered from the Missouri river this afternoon above this city at a point nearly 10 miles down stream from where a par ty directed by the sheriff had been dragging and using dynamite since last Monday. On Sunday duck hunt ers found a suitcase containing cloth ing and marked with the name on the river bank about 17 miles above this city, and this led to the presumption that the owner had been drowned. Will Recount 8ilver Dollars Washington, Sept. 27.—The United States mint at San Francisco has been robbed, although it is believed the amount taken is small. Treas ury officals today confirmed reports of thefts from the coinage plant on the Pacific It will require a dol lar-for-dollar count of $61,754,000 of silver stored there to discover the exact loss. Only $7 has been found to be miss ing up to this time, but the circum stances indicate that the sum will be increased. George E. Roberts, di rector of the mint, said today that undoubtedly there had been a scheme of "petty pilfering" but he was con fident no great amount had been stol en. The stealing, he added, was from the great stock of silver dollars stor ed in bags containing $1,000 each. In a few of these bags it was found that one or two dollars had been taken and iron washers substituted. Canadians Expect Benefit 3t. Paul, Sept. 27.—Canadian butter and farm products are being shipped to commission men here and held in bonded warehouses until the passage of the democratic tariff bill, which is expected to lower the rate material ly and to represent a saving in tariff of approximately $1,000 a car. Sev eral large shipments of produce also are being held on the Canadian-side of the border, it is said, iintil the tar iff bill has become a law. MUST PAY INCOME TAX About 425,000 Citizens Will be Re quired to Contribute Washington, Sept. 27.—According to estimates by treasury experts, 425, 000 American citizens must report to the income tax collector next spring exactly how much they owe the gov ernment under the new income tax law. Tho jaw is embodlt.t' in the tariff bill, which will not be si«qo'l u-itil î ext v eek, but the first /etui na do not have to be made to the inter nal revenue collectors before March pany of Pittsburg for steel bolts to be 1, 1914. But when the returns are made they will cover the income of citizens from March 1, 1913, to De cember 31, and the first payment of tax will be for money received during this period. Every single person, citizen or for eigner, or resident whose annual in come exceeds $3,000, and every mar ried person with an income above $4,000 is expected to report his or her receipts in detail to the government agents March 1, of each year. The estimate completed today indicates that the income tax will produce $82, 298,000 from the 425,000 persons tax ed. To this will be added the $35, 000,000 or more produced by the pers ent corporation tax, which is con tinued as part of the law. The amount of the Income tax as finally agreed upon follows: ;«'rom $3,000 to $20,000, 1 per cent; from $20,000 to $50,000, 2 per cent; from $75,000 to $100,000; 4 per cent; $100,000 to $250,000, 5 per cent; $250, 00 to $500,000, 6 per cent; above $500, 000, 7 per cent. A single man with an Income of $25,000, for example, would pay 1 per cent on $17,000, and 2 per cent on $5,000, a total tax of $270. If married the frst tax of 1 per cent would apply only to $16,u00 of his income. Discovers Armor Plate Combine Washington, Sept. 27.—Continuing his campaign against the armor plate "combine" Secretary Daniels awarded a contract to the Carbon Steel com pany of Pittsburg for stel bolts to be used in the construction of battleship No. 39, at $448 per ton. This was $100 a ton less than had' been paid heretofore when the big armor plate companies were permitted to combine contracts for bolts and plates. Tlii Carbon company's bid was the only one made public. Tho secretary has given the con tract for making boiu.e bolts for the same la'tluship to the New Ycrk Hi \y yard, where It is ;-;aid they oai !>e ma mt'acn. red at a saving of $300 a tin Pays Big Inheritance Tax Albany, N. Y., Sept. 27—State Comptroller Schmer received today a check for $2,500,000 in payment of -the inheritance tax on a part of the estate of the late J. Pierpont Morgan. The payment indicates a valuation of approximately $65,000,000. This, how ever does not cover the entire es tate, but only that part over which an agreement has been reached be tween representatives of the comp troller and the Morgan executors. All the news in the River Press. STRIKE TARIF F SNAGS Conference Unable to Agree Upon Several Subjects Washington, Sept. 26.— Another •lay's work on disputed points be tween the senate and house on the Jnderwood-Simmons bill brought the conferees together with the hope that a report might be finished for presentation to the house tomorrow. The parliamentary rule which re quires such a report to lay over a day put the finishing touches on the tariff over to next week. Disagreement on the time when free raw wool and the new woolen schedule should become effective and differences over the rates on cotton yarns and cloth, lead and zinc ores were up today for settlement. It was definitely understood that a complete disagreement would be reported on the much discussed cotton futures tax. Chairman Simmons had a brief con ference with President Wilson before going to the capitol. He said that in an effort to arrive at an agreement on zinc, lead and a date for the wool en schedule to go into effect, he had sought suggestions from the presi dent. The senator declined to reveal what suggestions the president had made, but indicated that he would lay them before the conferees. Meat Supply is Short Washington, Sept. 26.—Shortage of tho meat supply in England, as in the United States, is due to a con siderable extent to the butchering of breeding stock, according to G. A. Bell, assistant chief of the division of animal husbandry of the depart ment of agriculture, who has just re turned from a four months' trip through Europe studying livestock conditions. Mr. Bell expressed the opinion that after Argentina, now the meat supply house of England and some other countries, had begun to fence her ranges and restrict the cat tle territory the world supply would shift to Africa. Wants Bureau of Marketing Washington, Sept. 26.—The estab lishment of a bureau of marketing in the department of agriculture, with a chief at a salary of $10,000 a year, is provided for in a bill introduced in the house by Representative Hat ton W. Summers, of Texas. The po sition would be the highest paid of its sort in the United States govern ment and according to Mr. Summers, would not be overpaid. ' The cost to consumers of agricul tural products," said Mr. Summers, "cannot be reduced except by getting to market the millions of dollars' worth of fruit and vegetables which rot in the fields and in the railroad yards, while a hungry but unlocated - rket awaits their arrival, and by t'-aucing the intervening cost be tween producer and consumer," May Lose 8oft Jobs Washington, Sept. 26.—A sliakeup in the department of agriculture to eliminate duplication of work and re duce expenses was predicted by Sec retary Houston today before the l-ouse agricultural committee. The secretary said his plan was not ready but declared that in one office he had discovered 25 unnecessary employes. Revenue From Grazing Fees Washington, D. C., Sept. 26.—The amount of livestock grazed on na tional forest ranges is more than 4 per cent greater this year than last, nearly ten million domestic animals having been occupied during the sum aier in converting one of the by-pro ducts of the forest into meat, hides and wool, according to forest service i sports. During the year passed the government received more than $1, 000 ,000 from grazing fees, of which $350,000 went to schools and roads in the states, where the forests are lo cated. Politics in Banking Chicago, Sept. 26.—George M. Rey nolds, president of the Continental Commercial National bank, discussing the currency bill before the Illinois Bankers' association, said today it would put the whole fabric of credits »nto politics. He said that with five members out of the seven of the pro poned board of control appointed by the president the consent of the two members not thus appointed should be required before certain fundamen tal Bteps should be taken. Big Crowd at State Fair Helena, Sept. 24.—Clear weather on the third day of the state fair re sulted in the largest attendance of the week. Many of the features which have been eliminated on pre vious days on account of the weather were in evidence today. August Lar son of Big Horn country was adjudg ed the winner in the boys' corn grow ing contest, Allen Dale of Dawson second and Frank Wylie of Custer third. United States mall was carried by aerial post for the first time in Mon tana, when Miss Katherine Stinson, the youngest aviatrix in the world, took a mail bag from the fair grounds substation aloft with her on a long twenty-mile flight, and though a stiff wind was blowing, Miss Stinson had full control of the machine all the time, and gave an exhibition that could not be bettered. I The wild west features occupy a stellar place on the program, and are easily the best ever seen here. "Wild Horse Mike," while riding a steer, was jolted so violently his right wrist was broken. He remained fast on the animal's back, notwithstanding the accident. Gave Life for Children New York, Sept. 26.—Edward Skul iy, a superintendent in the street I cleaning department, sacrificed his life" today to save a crowd of school children. A runaway horse was head ed toward a corner in Brooklyn oc c.ioied by two public schools. On the fi dewalk were some 300 children. Skully dashed out of his office, seized the animal's bridle and turned it Into the curb. Although he had checked the runaway he was carried under the horse's hoofs and was instantly killed. I Free Wool After December 1 Washington, Sept. 27.—The confer ence committee on the tariff bill to day accepted Senator Walsh's amend ment which provides tliat raw wool shall not go on the free list until Dec. 1. This means that the present duty will continue in effect until that date. The house conferees fought bitterly to place wool immediately on the free list, but President Wilson advocated- the adoption of the Walsh amendment and the house members backed down. Great Falls Woman Swindled San Francisco, Sept. 27.—The po lice (are looking for Austin O'Hara, "spièler" of a San Francisco sight seeing car who is charged by Mrs. Elisabeth J. McCollough of Great Falls, Montana, with having captured' $2,100 from her, along with her heart. Mrs. McCollough a divorcee, says she fell in love with O'Hara while riding in his car and allowed him to remove a $600 diamond ring from her finger. He pawned it, she claims, for $300, and she had him arrested. While in jail, O'Hara wrote her some touch ing notes and she refused to prose cute him. Out of jail, O'Hara restor ed himself to Mrs. McCollough's favor she sllîys, and induced her to loan him a large sum of money with which to buy a sight-seeing car for himself. O'Hara, it is alleged, promptly dis appeared with the money. Detectives have trailed him as far as Los An geles. F-ort Peck Drawing Completed Glasgow, Sept. 25.—Owing to the rapidity of the men at work under Judge Witten by which the world beating record of 8,500 names were drawn yesterday, the Fort Peck draw ing ended late last night. Judge Wit ten now has a force of clerks at work on the tabulating and sending out of notifications, and this will be rushed with all possible dispatch. James F. Collins, St. Paul, was the drawer of the last number, 12,000. There are but 8,406 claims to be giv en out, but as it is estimated that from 20 to 40 per cent of registrations will not show up it is within the range of possibilities that Mr. Collins will have a chance to use his number. Lee Jordan, the Jefferson City, Mo., man, who drew 13, was a believer in tliat figure. He left his home in a sleeper berth numbered 13 on Sept. 13, arrived here at 13 minutes past the hour, took a room in a local hotel numbered 13, and registered the 13th in line that day. All this purposely, as he told his Missouri friends that he was going to get claim No. 13 and he did. Witnesses Accused of Perjury Billings, Sept. 26. —Sensational in cidents have occurred in connection with a series of gambling trials now in progress in the district court, Judge Pierson declaring in one instance that witnesses for one of the defendants had perjured themselves in his behalf. One man has been fined $1,000, an other has been sentenced to jail for 60 days and several others have pleaded guilty and thrown themselves on the mercy of the court. The arrests result from a raid con ducted by county officials in an effort to stamp out poker playing and con siderable ill-feeling has been aroused by the employment of "stool pigeons" one of whom, it was shown in court, had served time in a Washington jail upon conviction of embezzelment. Helena, Sept. 26.—Business men of Helena offer a reward of $1,000 for the arrest and conviction of the thugs wiio robbed and assaulted three men in Helena Wednesday night, and at tempted to rob and assault three oth er*. A subscription list was started yesterday by Lewis Penwell, presi dent of the State Fair, and Dr. O. M. Laustrum. Pledges were quickly se emed guaranteeing $1,000. This will be paid to the person or persons who will give information that will lead io arrest and conviction of the hold ups. DEFEND CAUCUS METHOD Speaker Clark Makes Vigorous Reply To Opponents. Washington, Sept. 24.—Speaker Clark quit his gavel to take the floor to defend the democratic caucus against republican attack. i "This continual howl about the cau , eus is the most idiotic thing that has ascended to heaven in the last gen eration," shouted the speaker. "The country wants to know what congress I does—it does not care three whoops how it did it. j "We have revised the tariff and j put through a bill changing the bank I ing and currency system. If these meas ures are not good we will be the ones to suffer; if they are we will gain; I but we did not propose to let you re publicans bring up other subjects on I the floor while they were under con i sideration and attract the attention of members and of the country from the great issues involved." Speaker Clark said he would not answer republican attacks by calling attention to the way former Speakers Reed and Cannon put through legis I lation. j "That would be a case of the pot I calling the kettle black," he said. "A j lot of you fellows have been talking ' too much for your own good, any I how," continued the speaker, to the accompaniment of prolonged out | bursts of applause from the demo crats. Oppose Currency Bill Washington, Sept. 24.—Th« admin istration currency bill from the view point of the farmer and the grain merchant was discussed today before the senate banking committee by a delegation of me; jitm s from the northwest who oppose! the provi sions of the bii. as they expect them to affect the country banks. F. E. Kenaston, manufacturer of farm machinery, suggested tiiat the committee, before passing on the bill, visit the farming and busities3 com munities of the west. Senator Bristow expressed the opin ion that a majority of the commit tee would support him in a demand that all bankers, business men, mer chants and others desiring to dis cuss the bill be allowed to appear be fore the committee. If that course is followed the bill may be in the com mittee at least a month, and probably until November 1. Funerals Cost Too Much Washington, Sept. 24.—The high cost of dying disturbed George E. Downey, comptroller of the treasury, today when he was called upon to decide officially what constitutes "a decent burial." The widow of a lighthouse employe who died at Washington, N. C., in the line of duty and will be buried in Bal timore, presented a bill for $190, which the comptroller said was too high, wherefore he proceeded to cut the account in two. A hearse and one hack for the wid ow, ^he comptroller conceded, might be essential to the "decent burial" of a married man, but he refused to pay for a funeral cortege of seven car riages. Montana Senators Get Busy Washington, Sept. 24.—Senators Myers and Walsh appeared before the senate appropriations committee and urged an increase in the appro priation in the deficiency bill for the Helena assay office from $1,0'') to $2,000, as recommended by A;s:iyer Miller. The appropriations lor all as say offices were cut down at tbe last session, and this additional appropri ation is necessary to Ree > the Helena office going. The deficiency bill proposes to abolish judgeships now held bv mem bers of the commerce court, Juc'.go William H. Hunt, of Montana be • v among the number. Senator Walsh will make a fight to defeat this pro vision of the house bill when it comr.s up. First Touch of Winter Denver, Sept. 24.—Colorado, Wyo ming, Utah and parts of New Mexico and Arizona, experienced their first touch of winter last night and today. Snow or rain fell generally through out Colorado and Wyoming, with a considerable rainfall in northern New Mexico and Arizona. Freezing tem peratures were reported from parts of Wyoming, Colorado, Arizona and Utah. Produce 6,000 Cars of Spuds Boise, Sept. 25.—Southern and east ern Idaho will produce this year a total of 6000 carloads of potatoes, 4000 carloads of which will be distrib utd throughout the United States un der the direction of the North Pacific Fruit Distributors and the remaining 2000 will be for home consumption. These figures are given out by John U. McPlierson, former horticultural inspector of Idaho, now general field superintendent of the North Pacific. Mr. McPlierson has established his temporary headquarters at Pocatello, but later will locate at Spokane. That potato growers in this state will profit through association with the North Pacific is the prediction of Mr. McPherson, who declares that al ready for potatoes the North Pacific is shipping if has received this fall the highest price ever paid for Idaho spuds f. o.b., or from $1 to $1.10. High Prices for Ammunition Washington, Sept. 25.—Representa tive Clyde H. Tavenner of Illinois claims the government is cheating fr self by wasting money on the pur chase of army and navy material. Ho asserts it has been doing this for a great many years. The government is paying $25 for 4.7 inch sharpnel, the character of the ammunition used in heavy field guns, and at the same time it has been manufacturing at Frankfard arsenal, Philadelphia, * portion of its supply for $12.52, all overhead expenses included, he say*. The records of the war department show that the government has been paying private manufacturers from 25 to 33 per cent more for small arm cartridges and from 33 to 50 per cent more for field artillery ammunition and equipment than it can manufac ture them for in its own arsenals. Test Federal Mining Tax Washington, Sept. 24.—The fight of mining corporations to escape the cor poration tax and to require the gov ernment to refund to them some eight or ten million dollars already collect ed, today opened in the supreme court when a brief for the corporations was filed. The Strattons Independent, limited, a corporation owning a big mine In Colorado, is leading the fight against the tax. Its attorney prepared tho brief filed today, in which it is con tended that mining corporations ex haust their capital in making a profit and that the government in their case instead of taxing income has taxed capital. Estimate Big Wheat Crop Washington, Sept. 25.—The produc tion of wheat in the principal coun t ies of the world that raise it is es timated to be 4.1 per cent greater this year than last, the total production being estimated at 3,330,000,000 bush els, according to a cablegram to the department of agriculture from the international Institute of Agriculture at Rome. MAY ARRANGE FUSION Newspaper Correspondent Declare* Movement Favors Roosevelt Washington, Sept. 25.—Sumner Cur tis lias sent the following to the Chi cago Record-Herald; £ome quiet but very important work looking into the "national fu sion" of the Republican and Progres sive parties was done in Washington. William Loeb, Jr., who was secretary to the president when Theodore Roosevelt was in the White House, still the close personal and political friend of the former president and intimately associated with the big leaders of the Republican party, came to town to get a grasp on the situa tion, as reflected here, preparatory to a systematic move to reunite the forces that were rent asunder last year. it is almost needless to say that the fusion movement of such potentiality embraces Colonel Roosevelt as the central factor. The movement is predicated on the fact —apparent to observation at the capital for many weeks—that the Re publican leaders In congress, stand pat and progressive alike, expect Mr. Roosevelt to be a candidate for the tegular Republican nomination for president in 1916. To Increase Meat Supply Chicago, Sept. 25. —Three resolu tory designed to increase the produc tion of meat were adopted by the American Meat Packers' association in convention here yesterday. The first calls the attention of the secre tary to the "severe" regulations affect ing the industry; the second requests a government appropriation for the eradication of livestock diseases and the third asks for direct government help in bringing about increased pro duction. The Best Montana Babies Helena, Sept. 26—The best baby boy in Montana hails from Butte, but the best baby girl and the highest scoring youngster In the state hails from Hel ena—Mary Catherine Predmore, who bcored 98.5. Earl Perry Hancock Is the Butte baby and he scored 98.4. The second highest best girl is Jen nie Dorothy Konen of Butte, who scored 98. Agnes Lillian Sommer ville, of Toston, was declared the best rural baby on a score of 97. Catherine and Jane Eleanor Gleason of Helena were declared the finest twins. Gold uedals and cash prizes of $100 and $25 were the prizes. The awards were announced at the fair by Govern or Stewart today. Three hundred and thirty babies were entered in the cou test. Fine Book and Job Printing a spec ialty at the RIVER PRESS office.