Newspaper Page Text
THE RAVALLI REPUBLICAN.
Vol. I. STEVENSVILLE, RAVALLI COUNTY, MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, SEPETMBER 26, 1894. No. 6
Mis. Mer. Co.
General Dealers in
ALL KINDS OF MERCHANDISE.
Boots and Shoes,
Missoula Mercantile Co.
STEVENSVILLE, - - MONTANA.
This Space is taken by the
See the Next Issue for their Announce
ileveland's Course and Its
Blighting Effects. t
t Leading Democratic Paper Feels 0,
Uncertain of Success in the
The action of the president in al
lowing the tariff measure to become a
law without his signature is unfortu
nate and unwise from a party point
of view, but it is a clear and distinct
falling away from that lofty ideal of
duty and courage which Mr. Cleve- c1
land has been credited with. This s
lofty ideal has hitherto tolerated no 1
half-way measures, no admixture of c
compromise, no tampering with that i
which is vital. And yet he now re- c
fuses either to sign or to veto a meas
ure on which the whole party neces- I
sarily rests its hopes of success in the
If the measure was of such a char
acter that Mr. Cleveland could not
afford to affix his hand thereto it was
of such a character that the party
could not afford to shoulder it, and
Mr. Cleveland, as the chosen leader
of the party, should have saved the
party from itself by interposing his
veto. No doubt a veto would have
created a storm of protest and criti
cism, but it would have cleared the
atmosphere and brought the party to
a realizing sense of its duty. This is
the line suggested by the lofty ideal
attributed to Mr. Cleveland.
The party muddle is now complete.
The organization is on the threshold
of a campaign big with results, and
it is compelled to assume responsibil
ity for a measure which its chosen
leader and chief has denounced as
perfidious and to wvhich he has re
fused to affix his signature. Was
ever party placed in such position lie
fore? Every democrat in congress
who voted for the bill has been slapped
in the face and every dembcratic can
didate in the country hlis had "his
chance of re-clection sadly impaired
by the refusal of Mr. Cleveland to
sign the tarilli bill. Nor is this all.
The party's majority in congress is
seriously threatened, for it seems im
possible tha tha e congressional candi
dates of the party can make a suc
cessful campaign by going before the
people and assuming responsibility
for a measure with tihe party's com
mander-in-chief has distinctly repu
diated and denounced, and which he
has refused to touch with his hand.
-Atlanta Constitution. (dem.).
NO TAIRIFF ItEFORIM.
Only a Tariff Change-An Indepcndent's
View of the New Bill.
After a succession of innumerable
changes in details, of shifting coin
promises anid "concessions," after a
protracted period of the most open
and shameless log-rolling and bar
gaininllg ever seen at Waslhinlgton in
connection with tariff legislation un
der any party, the democratic sena
tors have agreed upon the form of a
tariff bill which they will pass, if
they pass any measure at all. There
is nothing to l)e said about it in its
completed forml which has not been
already said whlile it was in process
of constructijon. It is a bill for tariff
change, not for tariff reform; it has,
as Senator Ioar said of it in his
vigorous speecil yesterday, no recog
nized princilple a:id no legitimate per
centage; it differs from the McKl(in
ley law only ill details--only inl giv
ing a little more protection to cc'
tain favored interests and a little less
.to others not so favored; it betrays
some evidence of a sectional spirit on
the part of the fralmers, some of mo
tives of revenge, but as a whole it
has been shaped to suit timhe wishes of
selish iaid money-making represent
atl\ves of thlruc private interests
which have been able to exert the
strongpest ''pull.''-Providence Jour
RVaterson's Call to tie President.
All the Courier-Journal's dark fore
bodings with regard to tarif legisla
tion have come to pass. The situa
tion could not be worse, the outlook
darker, the act with whose passage
we are .threatened more disreputa
ble. Action of sonme sort is urg
ont. Hlas the president the su
preme courage to retire the adminis
tration from all responsibility and
concern as to the message before the
senate, by sending a message to con
gress denouncing the whole proceed
ing, calling the democratic masses to
his side. and having the effect to
stampede rand adjourn the entire rot
ten rulImp concern.
Nothing could be lost by such a
proceeding. As matters are going,
and in any event, democratic hopes
are blffled, democratic pledges stulti
fied. democratic prospects blighted.
Better another two years of the
McKinley tariff, pure and simple,
another appeal to tile people, upon
the old line, fair and square, with
overybody forced to toe the mank, or
to go over to the enemy, or to .take
to the woods. If we lose, we should
at least go down w'ith onlr flag flying,
our honor intact; whereas victory,
under present conditions, can only be
purchased by the degradation of all
things great and nioble in our nationll
litsides, it is not victory, but de
feat, that stares us in the face.
A Grave Outlook.
The state election in Maine on Mon
day was a more sensational demon
stration than tthe national election of
18!12. It was more lunusulal ill its
character and more revolutionary inl
its indications. It sthows a feeilng
on the part of the republicans in one
of the oldest states of the uniioni that
there exists a reason for an extraor
dinary protest against the politics
ruling at W.shliingtoin, and on the
part of the democrats a humiliating
confession that they cannot say no to
it. If it foreshadows ia general spread
of this indignant disgust at the
achievements of a so-called demo
cratic administration that knows no
law but itself, and that is not warmed
by a single spark of American democ
racy, then the outloolc for the party
now burdened with it is indeed grave.
-New York Sun (dem.).
'The Avalanche of 189/C.
Republican plurality for governor
in Vermont, 1892, 19,702
Republican plurality, 1894, 27,310
Republican plurality for gover'nor
in Maine, 1892, 12,503
Republican plurnality. 2894, 38,000
The farm and the factory have be
gun to answer the challenge of the
plantation and the bayou.-New York
NO MLore A.mericanl Wool.
Omaha Special.-The passage of the
tariff law has caused a stampede
among the sheep owners to market
all their sheep and raise no wool un
der the free wool clause of the law.
Every available freiIght car on the,
Union Pacific is in service bringing
the sheep from Idaho, Washington,
Montana, Oregon and Wyoming to
the packing houses here.
The Union l'acilic was compelled
to borrow a large nunmber of cars of
the Northwestern and sent them to
Idaho to 1e lilled with sheep.
The tarilff questi ion's settled now.
The senat, wipe's its dripping brow.
;;The lioss goes I ornc to lIlizz;il'd's Bay,
And hardly hi1a .a \wortd to say.
Gorani n's ,iinw for once is still.
lt ruined it(de and closed o rll mill.
'Under Ben we lived in clvoer,
The disnmal ldays iarne in with Greovet; C
l i J '0 twill all )t (tel; 1'
TheI we'll live again in Clover.
As ghostly ships paness ill th' nighi,h
(n usin.g tithe superstiitioi5s rrigh,
So Grover's shiade will pass alwiay
Befortie the 'cmling of the day.
The night's fir sient, the dlw ii's at haind,
The darkness iover il the landii
is giving place to morning's light.
lejoicet! 'l'ihe 's hoetteLr tunits in sight.
Malinc's Great Sweep.
A ugusta, 1ce., S'pecial.---Complette
returns of Mondaty's election ha',ve
been receivied and show that tihe son
ate will be stolidly republican and
that Ilhere will be but four demtocratst
in tile house.
The vote for tile state is as fol
lows: Ilenry l'. Cleaves (rep.) (17,
064; Charles I'. Johnson (dei.). I0l
140; L. C. lIa3temtaln (pop.). '4,5: 10; Ira
ihersley (pro.), 2,615. Cleaves' plul
rality. 38,!424-: majoritiy, 31,27.
Tihe vote fo(r ghoverltnor in ll1802 was
lenry li. Cleaves (rep.), 17,900;
Charles F. Johnson (clen.), 55,397;
L. C. l'atieman (pap,), 2,888; T. Ii.
Ilussey (pro.), 3,5(4. Cleaves' p1lural
ity, 12,503; n tjority, 5.751.
The total vote in 1892 was 130.071,
and in 1894 it wais 1l1.,849. De:rease,
23,200. Thi demici rats polled 21.757
less votes thain they did in 1892 and
the republicans 1,11; more.
11ow Navajos 11unt tilhe Prairie Dog.
A Navatjoe will stl.ick i btit oif lmir
rotr in the elntrance of ta burrow iillid
lie down behind the1little mniound all
day if need be to secure the coveted
prize of a iat prairi; dog'. When M'r.
Tusa velnturies frontl his bed room
deep under gllround he sees a familiar
image mocking hlint at his front doior,
and ichen lie hurries ()tit to confront
this inilpudent intruder, whiz! goes a
tcha'lcoidony tippl-dt arrow throughl hilm,
pinning hint to the ground so that lhe
I cannot tumblelh back into his horfe,
as he has ; woniderful faculty for do
ing even in death, or a dLark hand
tdarts from behind like lightning,
7Iseizes his cllnky neck safely beyond
s the reach of Iis chisel-shaped teeth
and breaks his spine with one swift
. snap.-Exl'aniut 'e.
DUBOIS ON THE POPULISTS
Best Interestsof the State De
mand Their Defeat.
It is a Fiat Money Party and the
Greatest 'Real Enemy
Senator F. T. Dubois has returned
from W\ashington and was interviewed
by a reporter of tlle Statesmlan. to
wlhom lie stated that he was lirnml
convinced that tlie best initerests of
tihe state demanded the defeat uof t he
populists. lie held that the populistt
party was not a true silver party;
that it was for li ait money, and that
by associating the silver cause with
the idea of fiatism, it mluadn itself the
greatest enemy with which silver iis
to onlteind. Eastern people, lie said,
are not nearly so much afraid of sil
ver as they are of the liat doctrine ofI
the populists. 'lThe senator contin
ucd: "I. anl glad to get, lhome againii.
we have had a very trying time in
congress during 'i a l ilost. cot illolt o s
sessioii of thirteenil llont.hs. L slihall
enter hteartily and earniestl into the1
campaign now engaging the attin
tioni of the people of Idalho. 1 have
iino doullt of republilican success, be
cause the interests of Idaho and re
publican supreimacy are identiucal.
.'opulism is local. With a youngaL'; d
growing coluntlry like Idaho, filled
with undeveloped resources, the p'e
ple must k now their interests demand
the aid and suppilort of tile great iia
tinall parties. Theli silver qliestion
is an i imlportanit (1e to is, bult not
more so than to the rest of tlie coIlli
try. Either the democratic or the
reuhlical- party will solve it. 'liThe
populist party cannot, hbecause it will
never be any thinig lbut a local party.
In additiion to that, the populiist party
is ain irrecdeetable piper monlileily par
ty. It is for tl he free coiiage of sil
ver only as an incideniit land sl.eppiuig
stoiie to hliat nmlli.' Every populist
victory hurts the silv'r cau;se. 1L wvill
lnow be the duty anld effort of every
republican to lirry lthe legislature;
the senatorialllighit will not enter
into time campaign. l a1n satified
thltt alter xwe eleut a 1 ill reiul biiuhiuit
legislitiure, Idaho will ihe represented
in the senate by sund su ilveu'r repub
lican llld proltectionlist.--hoise St.ates
Al.! S TS
Iiigieesl ro ki~ full
liauly fil Lii un
Every fellr 51 Ci kill'
\'olers Wvili ivMutt'
A-' i' iliu': Itidiy'''t.
A paai oil calt Weitfl a wihiskyv
tuinirtluttluictt iii the~ liotiutlt isuatre
recenit Blaii nI dticVec.
"Ltllk }sere,' Sutid the prl'tiu'horlC ,
the lunichl (Sttihlishitulint, `'this C'flu
huas Ia hole, ini it.''
"Well. repied~t 7uhiantdering' 7d iluu'
ý.50 l1ull4 tlil tlttlghtlit Coul sill nit'.
Andu heu Stride hiutlul-Il lk' tuti
Slie-----flow tlcuulihtfll. Ju~st lhinlt:
(of ltoltcý'ttltti5 ill thtillolr heillz
IratLe old g ntll erluil (to snoringll'i in-lll
elbrrite)-_c i)L't ylm knoiiiw tlitt if
youl ke)pt your moutiiih shllt youl wouldl(
make less noise?" S1
Sa, rin g lieritiei (dr(i ily)- . ... ---.r
would ]you."I :
lAunt Maria- .\re you surexii Mr.
Spooner loves coul''"r
crlrie--" guess -rtiyou woumld thiniI
so to hear the silly things he says to
Aunit 31aria-----iut how ldo io u
kInow Voiu l ]ove hi ?"ll
Cairrie- 8000190 t- h yl (]O 't. Soulilid
silly to mie."
The 1 : strmnilf lir) lisihiig ii n nwi -
papers Ihrouihout lIhe country a list
of unclaimed letters at. the posltlol'e
will le aiandoilrled, Ibut the lise t will
be hulrletined in tihe postrilli:e tuild
iiul i hereafter. Acting ]'ostnlrlter
Geniral .Jone.s lrs d.eidcd:l to stop the
old custrom, as rongriess failed to
make sultlicie1t apprloprinltion for the
rusrmrml airlurrlt1 of rl im r sii '. rT'h
exlpense of pullirhing ti h' li<t Iisi
eA r'uriour biox was rsently found
airidil te ruliis iof Polimpelii. J'he hix
was of mtrl or al]tbaii t.ierti lhilut twoi
inchres siurlire arund rlInely sealedl.
Whenl ohmrnedr it was fond fun l u f .f
pomrnarlttm oir grease, hlard, biut very
fragrant. The s.ll so.iImeiwha.t re
seibled that of r.es., but was mulrih
1more fragriant. \What the p:erfume
was made iof could irnot he imagined,
but it is singular that men in the
Sninreteeinth century shouild be able to
Sregaile their noses with perfumies pre
I pared in thi lirst.
IN WAR ANI) PEACE.
IMr. Waterson Intvetes to Louisville the
Men Whom lie Once Slandercd.
Mr. henriv Ai ater's.nii, editor of the
Louisville Coull.er-Jofurnal, is alnlgllg
the ie vit cd !guests and speakers at the
I rand Army encampment at Pitts
bulr., :and no doubt he had a cordial
welcome. During the war lie lit"'
on the other side with his pen, doing
what he could to lire the southern
heart thr'ough the editortal columns
of a paler whose place of p.lblication
was r( odered very uncertain by the
moiitlnts of the 1union forces. Ap
ropos. of this the following little story
\C\lit.l.rii ' Chattanooga iebel be-v.
'Itn , p)articularly abusive to tllhue u1
i offliters alnd soldieris whenl Rose
cr;illlS w\aS llaneu\rl againlst Clut
tllloChl, while liragg held po)ssession
of the city. lie described theist asi
1w \nlllllns, whio liveod to inisult lc
fenseless women lld murlldcr little
childri n rather than to liht tihe
brave limen of tihe s(iii t. A copy of
thlis paler was carried oiver to Gen
erall 'Thl lllas, who \ ,was ill ('co mllt anll
of I a c rps of ll' unlll ion 1( 1 Y. III ' lhe
g !eneratl r'ode t)o the bo(W of' a hill and/
lonhg sul,\t'led (hiittani.iooga thoul'ig
little bhiclk buiidingi which wai s tnll
11111 li I Of \'iltersl'o') ill ii' . h'I'ii l (Il
'rode back ;till] ý o1 tihei ls l. . (!lnu r i
ilthe aniiiiY i 11 t i)tok i hilllit tithe i (inie
politi . Il, 11'ldeld thlie ýi'i u .'r tihe
glass iutl ,I skel d lin if h11 e c uild. sef
the lie t'l llicii. The tgunneii r i 'u d
it.. "t 1l you put a cannon ball
thl'oug lhtha, iuildin v w'itlolut doing
ally iother da:unlai e to 11te city," asked
t11 er1' 1 n'1 11 11 yll ou dll \'o ll s ail
hamr aunt'y f1l\'olrite horse.'' Th110 "'in
nIlr whe"led oIn t lh'.,t'pun andl lii
trained it. i on it ' Itel ollhc li I vly
one ball was liredl, ])Iil, that, went
crais.hint i r'ou.u.r- the 1r bel oIllee,
Smashii'.. evet'r lhiln . in it, alid 1 sent
\V"1t0l10 '1 tlli ald l iis Co )ii Osili r iin 11
(ie stree, with the inlpresshion th1a1t
tllP hollilbHiar lel tOif Ilihe 1ilt' had be
t'u .li T ;e pople in f ell il " w'er'e
also of t1h1 samilt' opinion, huts t1hrty
were needlesli , ai'tlrmed. There wa.s
i1 )0 ll il' l . Rilid ! l l illh]'l lli h
in , ill tin' 'ity v \v:, h1 liarined, It. was
mierely the c10m1 limmilts of (ll Pap
'hullas to 1 l[iiry \'aterson alldI his
reply to the charge that tii Yw V kee;
mlde 1l01 U ponl )l",Y 0tP dll childr,
M r.1 lj 1;1atl llln was \4,1- y (1\\r 11;1 l lien
arultinun s o a d h ý(('ll lInrut.11: :(1'''111 111
Ila1141 lVanlll' rrs. 11' f ile next ;I1 inmal~
\·illc, ((S Illul r}' tliiil:l it nu (III 1() ])(
IlIr 1L ;1111111 dill l ~(' 11' 1 1)1` 1 S'lt" frllil
,rr; of dull 1; Iins it;;l~l i· rite..----1n li;LI -
I ,,.c 1;ý,l l: ..... C, i . . .. .. . .. ,le
-A (111(1"( 1p l lple I0uut 1 (Ilnt ingli l
Ill i r( m( t ri2 il1 in thlt, ciLlt lii
]Ill ).iltIrt lS ;IL ( 11i-1lil1111; It ti'lll ( I1( .
i i(i'. 1 ill i i;ii' (1. ' i illi((lnors, i tlli
;1..;, ,.hat wl , 1' ill ) I pp il \'.,ilo thll' 'EP -
11 ill ill (i it a 1I 111 (1 l i l ;ii;1 ( iill I r I
rilhs? Tin ,l i i StllSr piert il nt i. I),l
ing the eni-tual n int.t of thil (i' e r-,i
I;11.( Lru0 :..; II , (;1ll(, IL i(. I lv,1nl
-;lM (,rl(ef l:. g 1, th1, so...] ier.-; ; 1 llr -
bi Lition 1' tho }Rowers of till, terr blql
wii 1; oni . At Iit ti lCe of l t II i 1 l i i1
-I rill- s- -|it , 0 h ll] -t - h r -t ,_, ;il l (- I
tlulerl Ip1,,,''1 j th,(' .'lrthl bei , mild. A l
1(l, s;II11(. didiN llr(: bullh w ere .(I1: 11
hll',-il ;t pill( P :atl' thirty' 1I(';
iu (l| iltu('t('r. 211(1 '1 ]t lt' (. Of 5(il1" - 1('(
hard ,o(d 11:1.11" tWllt, v ilnl(10
1hirl.:. 'T'h111';": "'l( . inl ir' le th;It if
I I l nl dI-r -, Ilk. -ilo, il ; \' ",1 w m ., (',',l h I
tl flu 1I) quell 1110 ISrXL Iiot, Ih,1'1" i 2y
eo w hich tif l I' l ()(1'("11 .; w ill ill :11 (t
(it(l dly unh111 ills;:1 plah (, t(1 liv(. in
w.hihe I11 he ,l ins, is ,2,111 01. .
,uli (, (1l. " ial 1 ( 5((111'' 1, to 12 (t I11!
t.o ( ] ,,, with t l .:, he I I,,n dO( ubl
ba!'rr('l1] -1(tl. CIull' a ili v:,rtriU' .
Ih t clld ,vwith 1(1(1 s.;] 1..---.;ivitlan hl
A\t :ic( Od ge ()ld Ag.
A feiw wiil. 1: 1 iere died at
Cluean. (~ iniL Kilikenti . Irelandl. a
small f;r'mer. wh, liuved to H l '.1 r
nmIr'kabb ." ace of 120 t'ars. iome1 csat
him alý, wal 12°.;. i 1n, could tell if
1.(d1 which h;illwrned towardl the
nI c:onunllllllllli'; latli V ! , o( f local \(evenllt.
which icvuired saie vers . efiore the
in iurre.ll n of 17 , and of the oult
r'ais which wirl . lpe".1)(traeted ill the
l)ihl'. \ whih vi entiall g.ladidr
thieme iinti reIllio Il p iit the last
hle w.i.e I lithe citiie of the Irish
iiea'itit of the old tites;-the 11nev
lbreechei's, buckled birogue pand swal
I m.etailed coa(ll..
THE ELECTION IN VERMONT
Marks a Step Toward National
With Democratic-Populist Defeat
Will Come Renewed Secur
ity to Investments.
The V'ernont elecitiion, ~Withb its
overwhelmrnin., reptuhcan majority,
liarks anIotihe'r rcturn from thlc move
moent against the very conditions and
necetsities of national prosperity
which c(ulltnlited in Cleveland' dlec
tion in 18!t2 i;tif atl incomelll tax ini
1 it !. prf'ectly -lear now thati the
ilrst deicnli r;tic-lip pulist, tariff drawn
is a step towvard free ltrade contains
an inlcoime tax illtended tolreat(clsomn
large inllC(oms a;nd 1arge incoeniis
alone. thatL lhe attack on protection
was art'L f a 1 ineoveniit and attack
against all (lie successful bisiiiess,
trade a llnd llitin fctLurIes in the. coun
try. T1'h protecitiv I trilT was at
t;iLacked, t, nt tcause ally n ie .elieved
(ltia it. 1111(I Illlllltlfiwl l1'"e :II , (d(ell r
or to 1 he i.onsumlr, hllt. becaucSe man
tif, tit"' I I Itu"I Ia w" rkinh profit
w;tag'e;s r'o ld hl lii' factory opleratl.
(*i\' 'te X it!i l l tiln Ii i it (su Of
pui'p iI: . I illd l' tii e d nt' ;i rtlil tl whino tlcl
of 1,il, I nt IuI ,lactIi er ;ll dl '; llll itali1 .;
T I ;li.:it u'lk on 1 iii ' f'it'liiri' of 1' hl
(cqlilli v.\ iln hlt I ('lv hl (i i "id llca i g l't
run ,. All Ith s.s tools an ilistr'ui
m l li iiof lu'a i'L str l le 1 o l iiih oll
ii ii i lit.s wire jtt i I i til'ie deni
c(rutl.i -pop[tulb-L p:trly in its Vt rliOllS
alli ell s and i ;lials s.
The attack ri i'ld blold tide i-i
1!)'2, m ind ca]uitl it aliri ni it the o(n
slaiugt itIi in 'st hllle ll ii Oily,1
amt railroadii hias witiirirwe fror
iever pis'ih- u .'l . urlrisi . L at ns have
-e(ll ealled ii. huildi!tg its been
.hle;kld. railroad hiuildill has lech)E.
s;tpp d amt I li- exl.iinion of tIm
ci,. ntrv Ih li'l, in ;ill di cl iit s. T he
illct a d ilan ' iul tliue he i i 'i ttlm crat
ic-ppulet. co.'pai n w\as mlst strong
I ifll, in rural cnumi itiiiii.i s like oVer
11 ll.: tbut ill \'u'i'inlt. "s ill 0t'ery
ofllh"r elect(inns Ihi; . cur. Ihi-se com
llllil cs i (,es I'. r lity HI) up r pul) liclan
ina juri, ic.C. WiltI damm ecrtat ic-poput
list defc"t, till come rcn iv security
t/ pit5 a ill i Ilv it s nutni.l',l i Ii 'st-l
-lil ;. d wvith . hi; sl. urit will
4,1)1111 thle Il'l'l ll'l (d Iu .s n r l .. ''
Mlasol. (;reld Lodge.
Ill;1~l.. ·;11 I: ' I eI \J i I l (1)- II
nn I t V nýý i ill' 1) > ir"Il at. u 'd I ?r
I i e I ; - rn e ct e
.11 :- t 1, I: (12 (1 I :I 1 ,2 li . l(_
ll ý iiii f h l( : (lp t gan
' l' i" '! .,'o r i ll' I' ,ur I rn.' I
st;1;I ' f1 trl 'aIe t (l itemn)' t. The. isi -'
:\lnorra nuil 11ht hOle will n1(o longer
adlilin 1 lit slu ,'l"ainty of F'ra;n'e. :Au
drra is i tll ral couI ntry with tihe
ninl, of a , ip ll ic, sititu.t ld oln the
sn1ut h -l i' ?f the Pyreniee, between
1.11 Itrelit prvill:c. of r.\lgeo and
lh,' Sp:uii-11 pirvinie of Lerida. Its
arl i s ;ot,),I. 1,,) squtare miles.. An
lr'i"s n vit'lllelllt iionsists of 24 con
suls eletteii'd t tinh population. which
lil t a. tiout 12400..
pI to t 1 lhr'tilut .Andorra has been
S Ihj'ct ti. =;ire sizi'arinty of France
talnc .f lhii hiih, p of Urgel, the inde
p 4.dell ie ii" tlhi ut- ei state dating
I ) ta 1 1 t 1 I' ilmlti f (i'Charlemlllagne, in
u,10. 'the iuhalilatits of Andorra are
nlostly shelherdi , who speak t the
'at; alat Iati at.1 a c'-