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TO BE 5U STORIES
botham Officoe Building Tallesl in the World. atrcture Rises One-Seventh of a Mile From the Ground-Exceeded In Height Only by the Eiffel Tower. New York.-Men will be at wo daily in a structure of stone and ate one-seventh of a mile from the growu and in all of the 56 stories of the ns Woolworth building before the end next year, the time appointed f completion of the tallest busine structure in the world. Laid out fl the giant building would be longs than three city blocks, and Salvator record speed for'a mile would make I seconds the time necessary for tt champion to cover the distance. On] the Eiffel tower, in Paris. a steel sks eton, will exceed in height this nes est Ne, York pinnacle. Higher and higher do our skyscral ere soar, cuttopping everything bi the mephitic clouds of smoke fror their own boilers; deeper and deeps do they thrust down through the so until their massive steel roots, find ar ohorage in the rock below. The tru Titans of the modern world are th builders, heaving their tons of steE and stone and brick aloft in defianc of the law of gravitation and the wind of heaven and daring even the earti quake to confound their work in ruir Besides these modern giants of strut tural efficiency the builders of th early world were but pygmies playing with blocks in the nursery. Hoi high will the skyscraper of the fv ture mount? Has the physical limi been reached, or will the man-made Sierras of tomorrow lift their gian Woolworth Building. towers out of the lofty masses of the 1 present like mountains springing from Coothills? Chicago has its skyscrapers, but it has not yet surrendered to the passion for "topless towers" which grips all New York. The Singer building, with its tower lifting 612 feet above the pavement, had scarcely ceased to be the wonder of Gotham before the Met ropolitan tower looked down upon it, and now the Woolworth building is to be piled higher yet-nobody knoyps quite how high. What is to be the de terminating factor of the future in re gard to height? BURN MANSION FOR A SHOW Promote's Get Realistic Views of Fire, Rescue and Bucket Brigade At tempting to Quench Flames. New Rochelle, N. Y.-The historic Blcard mansion, built 250 years ago by a Huguenot family, and the scene of many festive meetings of aristocrat to society in colonial days, is a mass of blackened ruins today. It was sao rificed to furnish a spectacle for a motion picture film. The site of the house was recently purchased for a pew Episcopal church, and the old mansion, offered at auction, was bid in by a moving picture company. With the permission of the city ao thorities the company set fire to the house in order to obtain a series of realistic pictures of the rescue of a child, a village bucket brigade in aso tion, and a mourning family viewing the ruins. 1,800 Foreign Girls Lost. Indianapolis, Ind.-"Eighteen hun dred immigrant girls were lost track of after having been received at Ellis island, and put aboard trains for Chi cago and other points in the west, in the last year and a half," Miss Grace Abbott of Hull House, Chicago, said in discussing in the blennial.conven tion of the Young Women's Christian association of America, the problem of caring for immigrant girls. Miss Abbott advocated a federal immigra tion bureau in Chicago, "as a check on the work of the white slavers." Immigrant girls deserted the quaint shawls and aprons of their native lands for the hobble skirt all too quickly, Miss Abbott said. 1 JOHNSON HOME AS MUSEUM Gloomy Place Where Famous Dictlorn ary Was Compiled to Become National Property, London.-Dr. Johnson's gloomy eighteenth century house in Gough square is to become national prop erty as a Johnsonlan museum. The i building, which is now marked by a tablet placed there by the Soolety of Arts, is the most noteworthy of all Johnson's London residences. The "stout old-fashioned oak balus traded house," as Carlyle found it eighty years ago, will need some re storing; for its foundations have been shaken by the printing machinery only recently taken out of the base ment. It has a typical paneled door Where Dr. Johnson Wrote His Dictionary. of the period, with carved lintel. Its walls are of red brick, and the high pitched roof, pierced by windows, has twin gables overshadowed by a tall chimney stack. Hete Johnson spent the busiest decade of his life, and here his dictionary was begun and finished. He had an upper room fitted like a counting house, and here his copy ists wrote out the illustrative pas sages from the various authorities, which Johnson himself had marked with lead pencil. At times, but not often, he walked in the garden, "a plot of delved ground no longer than a bed quilt." But the house has other associa tions than that of the dictionary. Johnson here began both the "Ram bler" and the "Idler," and here he was living when his tragedy of "Irene" was produced by Garrick. Here also his wife died. In 1755, when John son had been in Gough square seven years, the great dictionary was pub lished. SKULL WAS TRANSPARENT Strange Conditions Free Man From Murder Charge In Philadelphia Court-Brain Was Normal. Philadelphia.-If it hadn't been for the discovery that Joseph C. Quinn had a skull as fragile as an egg shell, Peter Fox, Jr., might have been held by Coroner Ford for inflicting the in Juries which caused Quinn's death. When the coroner learned Quinn's skull was so thin that large print could be read through it when it was held to the light he discharged Fox on the ground that Quinn's death was traceable to the abnormality. Quinn was muscular and athletic. He went to a poolroom at Island road and Woodlawn avenue and made a disturbance. Fox, the proprietor, tried to quiet him. As Quinn became increasingly ugly Fox struck him. It was a blow that would have done little or no harm to an ordinary man, but Quinn dropped to the floor. Doctor Wadsworth, who' performed the autopsy, testified Quinrl's skull would bend under the pressure of his fingers. The man's brain, he added, was normal. OLD CHURCH AT ANTIETAIM Most Severe Fighting in Famous Bat tle Occurred In Vicinity of This Edifieo. Sharpsburg, Md.-The church shown in the illustration is located one mile from this place, on the fa mous Antietam battlefield. It was built by the German Baptists in 1858. Some of the most severe fighting of the battle of Antietam occurred near was treed as a hospital and embal. "'.h Bible was taken by a New York el* dier and after an absence of 41 years was returned and is now occupying its old place on the pulpit. Philadelphians Bashful. Philadelphia.-Mrs. Mary Taylor, national organizer of the Waitress' union, told local waitresses that Phfla' delphians were too bashful to tip I MEMORIES OF MUTINI SCENES THAT RECALL HORRORI OP INDIAN OUTBREAK. Massacres by the Treacherous Nanm Sahib-Black Hole of Calcutta and Other Places of That His toric Nightmare. At Cawnpur was a large native gar rison, and when they mutinied, Nanq Sahib put himself at their head. The Europeans, including more women and children than fighting men, were be seiged for two weeks, and then, trust Ing to a safe-conduct from Nana Sa. hib, they surrendered. They em, barked on boats on the Ganges, the boats were set afire and shot at by the natives from both banks, and only four escaped. The women and chil dren were massacred a few days later, some of them being pitchforked living upon the bayonets of their mur derers. Delhi was beselged for months from the surrounding ridge, over which I have walked and driven, but it was only in September that the Kashmir Gate was blown in, and Nicholson fell at the head of the storming party. The chief commisioner of Oudh was a Lawrence, and not a Lawrence for nothing. He prepared for a siege in the residency at Lucknow, and was mortally wounded there, but his intel ligent provision saved his companions till at last Lucknow was relieved. It is one of the ghastly nightmares of history to see that Black Hale of Calcutta, that well at Cawnpur, that cellar in the residency at Lucknow, that grave-dotted ridge at Delhi. Wom en and children outraged, suffocated, pitchforked on bayonets, burnt, stab bed, starved and strangled; it is a horrible tale. Say what one will of all that, it is British business, British vengeance, not ours, but it is a dis grace to the whole white race that British callousness, and lack of taste and reverence, should permit these graves to be overgrown with weeds, should suffer that miserable little graveyard on the ride above Delhi, should allow the lettering on the Kashmir Gate to become defaced. The only monument in all India that is not a travesty is the statue of John Nich olson, and more than one of the stat. ues of the white empress and the white emperor of India are black! From "Mughal to Briton," by Price Ccl. lier, in Scribner's. Life Saving Contests for Miners. Mining men from all parts of the country attended the second annual inter-company meet of first aid teams held recently at Wilkes-Barre, Pa., under the auspices of the National Red Cross society. United States army officers acted as judges in the con tests in which various teams demon strated their skill in rescuing miners under most difficult conditions. An air-tight mine chamber was built in an open field for the contests and charged with various kinds of fumes, such as are met with in coal mines, and it was in this that the first aid teams did their rescue work, com pleting their task of restoring the rescued men out in the open air. Teams from the Lehigh Valley Coal company, Pennsylvania, Hillside, Tem ple and Delaware, Lackawanna and Western competed in the events, which were in charge of MaJ. Charles Lynch of the United States army. For the first time in the history of the movement there was a display of first aid work by engineers from the government experiment station at Pittsburg. How the Spirits Spell. "Judging by @piritistic communica. tions I have received lately simple spelling must be more popular in the world beyond than it is in this," said a man who patronizes mediums.."Half the messages received from the spirit land nowadays are spelled in a way to bring joy to the hearts of the simple spellers. Not one medium, but many, transmit them thus. Me diums who know the old-fashioned spelling book well enough to spell down a whole room full of folks havrd gone over to the revised edition. "Whatever force it is that guides their hands when transmitting mes. sages must be impressed with the utility of the new system. 'At the last seance I attended I received a com munication from a man who fought new-fangled spelling with his dying breath, but since he passed over he must have learned something to make him change his mind, for he now writes like a disciple of Artemum Ward."-New York Times. Modes and Madness. A considerable stir is being caused in scientific circles by a lecture deliv. ered before the Psychblogical Society of Berlin by Prof. Rudolph Foerster, in which the lecturer declared that in. sanity can be judged by dress. Espe cially is this so in the case of we men. Insane women, said Dr. Foerster, nearly always love bright colors, and wear them in disorder. Nearly all women who are extravagant in dress are mentally abnormal, and hover on the verge of mental breakdown. Whereas, a man's insanity usually begins by excessive anxiety about his professional interests, that of a woe man indicates itself by too much at tention to personal appearance. Dr. Foerster added that insanity it, self follows fashions. Types of insaa. ity which make thier victims violent are decreasing. Nowadays the insane tend to be quiet and harmless. PREHISTORIC MAN IS FOUND Fossil Remains of a Briton 170,000 Years Ago Discovered in the Thames Valley. London.-Back in a time that no man knows, 170,000 years ago, there lived in England a race of men, whose stature and physical characteistics did not differ materially from those of the Englishman of today-a race that had shed all traces of simian traits in face, feature and body, and whose brain cavity was larger than is often found in highly intelligent people of our modern age. This has recently been proven by the discovery of the The Ancient Briton. bones of a prehistoric man buried 170 feet deep under a terrace, which is re garded, and with good reason, as the ancient bed of the Thames river. There is no reason to believe that the elevation or depression of the land, which leads to the rise and fall in the level of the river, has not been iniform. The past must be judged from what we know of the present, and on this basis the land movement which formed the terrace, and which has scarcely changed since the Roman period, has been deposited at the rate of one foot in 1,000 years, this as signing a period of at least 170,000 years since the high-level terrace was laid down at Galley Hill, and the an cient Briton was entombed in the river bed. This ancient Briton was five feet one inch in height. The neck was enormously thick and the chest was narrow and protruding. FINDS SECRET OF EGYPTIANS Art of Hardening Copper le Rediscov ered by Railroad Fireman of Kansas. Newton, Kan.-The process of hard ening copper to the temper of steel, an art known only to the Egyptians hundreds of years ago, has been redis covered by a Kansas descendant of a long line of metal workers, it is de. Dlared. John Stipp, a Santa Fe fire man of this city, is said to hold the secret for which scientists of many countries have sought for many ages. In a tiny laboratory of a neat, well kept cottage near the railroad shops, John 8tlpp. looking for all the world like other cot tages of the average laboring man, the lost ar- was recovered. John Stipp's lather, grandfather, great-grandfather and how much further back he does hot know and does not care, were metal workers. For eight years he has unceasingly experimented in his laboratory for the secret burled with the ancient Egyptians. Recently his years of discouraging failure culmina ted in success, and he holds a process for tempering copper until it defies the hardest files, he says. House of Lords. London.-The house of lords is com. posed of lords spiritual and the lords temporal. All the peers were not orig inally entitled to a seat as a matter Df right, but only those who were e* pressly summoned by the king. Every peerage of the United Kingdom which Is conferred now gives the right to a seat in the house of lords. The num ber is indefinite, and may be increased at the pleasure of the crown which, however, cannot deprive a peer of the dignity once bestowed. The upper house at present comprises about 580 members. By the act of union with Bcotland, 16 representatives of the Scottish peerage are elected by the Scottish nobility for the duration of each parliament, and 23 are elected for life by the peers of Ireland. WAYS OF SERVING CHEESE Some Suggestions for the Housekeep er Who Wishes to Avoid Monotony. The housekeeper who does not be lieve in monotony does not serve cheese in the same way two days In Succession. A little planning will en. able her to run three or four different kinds of cheese at the same time, keeping them all fresh by putting them in an airtight cold place. As most cheeses spoil' quickly it Is well to buy in smaller portions, espe cially in warm weather. Some cheeses are so perishable that grocers will not handle them in summer, and they should not be bought unless to be eaten at once. The same kind of cheese may be served in various forms. Take the popular crdam cheese, probably more used than any other one make. If you pass it out in squares one day, the next mix it in balls sprinkled with parsley; again mix with chopped pimolas; or thin slightly with whipped cream, mix with chopped red peppers, and remold into a flat thin cake, which is passed whole. Instead of serving bar-le-duc and cream cheese separately, stir together into a mixture about the consistency of creamed butter and sugar. Fried cheese balls are delicious served with plain lettuce and French dressing. Mix into the cheese chopped parsley, a dash of cayenne, a pinch of salt, and two drops of onion juice. Mold into balls, dip in egg and bread crumbs, and fry in boiling lard before serving. Another fried cheese with lettuce is made of the English or ordinary Amer Ican cheese cut in strips like French fried potatoes. Dip these in seasoned egg and bread crumbs and fry in deep rat when ready for use. IT GRATES ALL THE NUTMEG New York Man's Invention Will Save Housewife From Grating Off Fingernails. A nutmeg grater that grates all the nutmeg, down to the last scrap, has been designed by a New York man. It also saves the housewife from grating )ff her fingernails and the tips of her Ingers. The grater proper is circu ar and is affixed to a wooden handle. ?ivoted to the center is a revolving landle resembling a miniature motor nan's controller, with a little cup in )ne end to hold the kernel and a spring cap to keep it in place and )ress it against the grater plate. The cutmeg is placed in this cap and the landle turned until the desired amount a ground off, the operation being nuch speedier than when kernel has .o be rubbed across the grater by land. Furthermore, the hand method "esults in waste, as after the nutmeg las been ground so small that it can iot be scraped without scraping the Ingers as well, it has heretofore had o be thrown away. Sponge Cake. Three eggs, a quarter of a pound of flour, four tablespoonfuls of sugar, grated rind of half a lemon. Sift the flour on to a piece of paper, adding one teaspoonful of baking powder and sift again. Put the eggs into a basin and beat them for fully ten minutes, add the sugar and beat for twenty minutes. Stir in the flour, baking pow der and lemon rinC as lightly as possible. Butter a cal. tin, then dust it over with flour. Pour the mixture into the prepared tin, and bake in a very moderate oven for about one hour. This mixture may be baked in small gem pans if preferred. Sauce for Fricassee. Stir together two tablespoonfuls of butter and one of flour previously mixed with a little milk. Add a pint of milk and white stock mixed in equal quantities; or a pint of milk alone. Add a sliced carrot, a chopped onion, a few sprigs of parsley and salt and pepper to taste. Put into the sance whatever meat it is intended to fricassee and stew gently until ten der. Remove the pieces into another saucepan, thicken with the yolks of two eggs, squeeze in the juice of half a lemon, pour over the meat and serve very hot. China Chilo. Cold roast mutton should be diced and placed in a saucepan with a good pint of green peas, one head of let tuce torn into shreds, sufficient gravy to moisten and a good seasoning Simmer for half an hour and serve with an accompaniment of boiled rice. Convenience for the Ironing Board. A large pocket tacked on the back of your ironing board is useful to drop ironing wax, iron handle, stand, etc., into when you are through with them, -McCall's Magazine. WOULD SAVE TOWER Chioagoans Protest Against Raz ing of Historio Landmark. Great Pile of Masonry Which Sun vived the Disastrous Fire of 1871 Very Rich in Romance and Tradition. Chicago.-Shall the oldest landmarl of the north side, a spot rich in tradi. tion and romance, the only remaining monument of the time of Chicago's victory in her greatest struggle for life, be profaned by a city's commer. cialism and destroyed in the name of economy? Shall the silent sentinel of stone, the ivy-mantled tower where sweet hearts were wont to meet, where chil dren played and heard wondrous sto ries of other days, be reduced to a shapeless mass of stone and scattered all over the city? Is it not possible to preserve the picturesque gray tower of the old Chi cago avenue pumping station to pos terity to serve as a memorial of the great fire of 1871? These are a few of the questions raised by scores of Chicagoans who had read of the plan to tear down the tower of the Chicago avenue pumping station in the interest of municipal economy. This ancient landmark stands at the foot of "Millionaire row." North of the famous old structure are the homes of the rich. Since 1867 the tower has stood as a constant re minder of the permanence of the work of the city's founders. Members of the Chicago Historical society joined in the storm of protest against tearing down the tower. They were unanimous in the sentiment that a a . this landmark should be preserved and made one of the show places of Chicago. When Chicago began to burn, the evening of October 8, 1871, terror stricken citizens fled north to the tower in the belief that the fire would be confined to a narrow district. The following day the fire reached the tower and roared about its base, de stroying the machine shop and adja cent buildings. The pumping engines were stopped and the walls of the en gine house began to crumble. The roof.and floors of the other buildings gave way, but the tower stood firm while the flames raced northward. The great pile of masonry was pre served when repairs were made, and since that day has been rich in tradi tion and romance. Many stories of the tower deal with the romances of some of the richest sons and daughters of Millionaires' row. An eloping couple is said to have been married at the top of the tower. In the days of old thousands of young men and maidens wandered up the stairway to the summit to plight their troth. The doors of the tower were locked long ago. The only magic key that will unlock the door is in tho keeping of the city authorities. The city authorities hold now that disintegration has begun and that the tower must go. This theory is denied by members of the Chicago Historical society, who declare that the tower was built to stand 10,000 years and that there is no danger of its cruinm bling for generations. Hundreds of visitors gaze in awe at the old tower every day.