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TO BE 5U STORIES
botham Officoe Building Tallesl
in the World.
atrcture Rises One-Seventh of a Mile
From the Ground-Exceeded In
Height Only by the
New York.-Men will be at wo
daily in a structure of stone and ate
one-seventh of a mile from the growu
and in all of the 56 stories of the ns
Woolworth building before the end
next year, the time appointed f
completion of the tallest busine
structure in the world. Laid out fl
the giant building would be longs
than three city blocks, and Salvator
record speed for'a mile would make I
seconds the time necessary for tt
champion to cover the distance. On]
the Eiffel tower, in Paris. a steel sks
eton, will exceed in height this nes
est Ne, York pinnacle.
Higher and higher do our skyscral
ere soar, cuttopping everything bi
the mephitic clouds of smoke fror
their own boilers; deeper and deeps
do they thrust down through the so
until their massive steel roots, find ar
ohorage in the rock below. The tru
Titans of the modern world are th
builders, heaving their tons of steE
and stone and brick aloft in defianc
of the law of gravitation and the wind
of heaven and daring even the earti
quake to confound their work in ruir
Besides these modern giants of strut
tural efficiency the builders of th
early world were but pygmies playing
with blocks in the nursery. Hoi
high will the skyscraper of the fv
ture mount? Has the physical limi
been reached, or will the man-made
Sierras of tomorrow lift their gian
towers out of the lofty masses of the 1
present like mountains springing from
Chicago has its skyscrapers, but it
has not yet surrendered to the passion
for "topless towers" which grips all
New York. The Singer building, with
its tower lifting 612 feet above the
pavement, had scarcely ceased to be
the wonder of Gotham before the Met
ropolitan tower looked down upon it,
and now the Woolworth building is to
be piled higher yet-nobody knoyps
quite how high. What is to be the de
terminating factor of the future in re
gard to height?
BURN MANSION FOR A SHOW
Promote's Get Realistic Views of Fire,
Rescue and Bucket Brigade At
tempting to Quench Flames.
New Rochelle, N. Y.-The historic
Blcard mansion, built 250 years ago
by a Huguenot family, and the scene
of many festive meetings of aristocrat
to society in colonial days, is a mass
of blackened ruins today. It was sao
rificed to furnish a spectacle for a
motion picture film. The site of the
house was recently purchased for a
pew Episcopal church, and the old
mansion, offered at auction, was bid
in by a moving picture company.
With the permission of the city ao
thorities the company set fire to the
house in order to obtain a series of
realistic pictures of the rescue of a
child, a village bucket brigade in aso
tion, and a mourning family viewing
1,800 Foreign Girls Lost.
Indianapolis, Ind.-"Eighteen hun
dred immigrant girls were lost track
of after having been received at Ellis
island, and put aboard trains for Chi
cago and other points in the west, in
the last year and a half," Miss Grace
Abbott of Hull House, Chicago, said
in discussing in the blennial.conven
tion of the Young Women's Christian
association of America, the problem
of caring for immigrant girls. Miss
Abbott advocated a federal immigra
tion bureau in Chicago, "as a check
on the work of the white slavers."
Immigrant girls deserted the quaint
shawls and aprons of their native
lands for the hobble skirt all too
quickly, Miss Abbott said.
1 JOHNSON HOME AS MUSEUM
Gloomy Place Where Famous Dictlorn
ary Was Compiled to Become
London.-Dr. Johnson's gloomy
eighteenth century house in Gough
square is to become national prop
erty as a Johnsonlan museum. The
i building, which is now marked by a
tablet placed there by the Soolety
of Arts, is the most noteworthy of all
Johnson's London residences.
The "stout old-fashioned oak balus
traded house," as Carlyle found it
eighty years ago, will need some re
storing; for its foundations have been
shaken by the printing machinery
only recently taken out of the base
ment. It has a typical paneled door
Where Dr. Johnson Wrote His
of the period, with carved lintel. Its
walls are of red brick, and the high
pitched roof, pierced by windows,
has twin gables overshadowed by a
tall chimney stack. Hete Johnson
spent the busiest decade of his life,
and here his dictionary was begun
He had an upper room fitted like
a counting house, and here his copy
ists wrote out the illustrative pas
sages from the various authorities,
which Johnson himself had marked
with lead pencil. At times, but not
often, he walked in the garden, "a
plot of delved ground no longer than
a bed quilt."
But the house has other associa
tions than that of the dictionary.
Johnson here began both the "Ram
bler" and the "Idler," and here he
was living when his tragedy of "Irene"
was produced by Garrick. Here also
his wife died. In 1755, when John
son had been in Gough square seven
years, the great dictionary was pub
SKULL WAS TRANSPARENT
Strange Conditions Free Man From
Murder Charge In Philadelphia
Court-Brain Was Normal.
Philadelphia.-If it hadn't been for
the discovery that Joseph C. Quinn
had a skull as fragile as an egg shell,
Peter Fox, Jr., might have been held
by Coroner Ford for inflicting the in
Juries which caused Quinn's death.
When the coroner learned Quinn's
skull was so thin that large print
could be read through it when it was
held to the light he discharged Fox
on the ground that Quinn's death was
traceable to the abnormality.
Quinn was muscular and athletic.
He went to a poolroom at Island road
and Woodlawn avenue and made a
disturbance. Fox, the proprietor,
tried to quiet him. As Quinn became
increasingly ugly Fox struck him.
It was a blow that would have done
little or no harm to an ordinary man,
but Quinn dropped to the floor.
Doctor Wadsworth, who' performed
the autopsy, testified Quinrl's skull
would bend under the pressure of his
fingers. The man's brain, he added,
OLD CHURCH AT ANTIETAIM
Most Severe Fighting in Famous Bat
tle Occurred In Vicinity of
Sharpsburg, Md.-The church
shown in the illustration is located
one mile from this place, on the fa
mous Antietam battlefield. It was
built by the German Baptists in 1858.
Some of the most severe fighting of
the battle of Antietam occurred near
was treed as a hospital and embal.
Bible was taken by a New York el*
dier and after an absence of 41 years
was returned and is now occupying
its old place on the pulpit.
Philadelphia.-Mrs. Mary Taylor,
national organizer of the Waitress'
union, told local waitresses that Phfla'
delphians were too bashful to tip
I MEMORIES OF MUTINI
SCENES THAT RECALL HORRORI
OP INDIAN OUTBREAK.
Massacres by the Treacherous Nanm
Sahib-Black Hole of Calcutta and
Other Places of That His
At Cawnpur was a large native gar
rison, and when they mutinied, Nanq
Sahib put himself at their head. The
Europeans, including more women and
children than fighting men, were be
seiged for two weeks, and then, trust
Ing to a safe-conduct from Nana Sa.
hib, they surrendered. They em,
barked on boats on the Ganges, the
boats were set afire and shot at by
the natives from both banks, and only
four escaped. The women and chil
dren were massacred a few days later,
some of them being pitchforked living
upon the bayonets of their mur
Delhi was beselged for months from
the surrounding ridge, over which I
have walked and driven, but it was
only in September that the Kashmir
Gate was blown in, and Nicholson fell
at the head of the storming party.
The chief commisioner of Oudh was
a Lawrence, and not a Lawrence for
nothing. He prepared for a siege in
the residency at Lucknow, and was
mortally wounded there, but his intel
ligent provision saved his companions
till at last Lucknow was relieved.
It is one of the ghastly nightmares
of history to see that Black Hale of
Calcutta, that well at Cawnpur, that
cellar in the residency at Lucknow,
that grave-dotted ridge at Delhi. Wom
en and children outraged, suffocated,
pitchforked on bayonets, burnt, stab
bed, starved and strangled; it is a
horrible tale. Say what one will of
all that, it is British business, British
vengeance, not ours, but it is a dis
grace to the whole white race that
British callousness, and lack of taste
and reverence, should permit these
graves to be overgrown with weeds,
should suffer that miserable little
graveyard on the ride above Delhi,
should allow the lettering on the
Kashmir Gate to become defaced. The
only monument in all India that is not
a travesty is the statue of John Nich
olson, and more than one of the stat.
ues of the white empress and the
white emperor of India are black!
From "Mughal to Briton," by Price Ccl.
lier, in Scribner's.
Life Saving Contests for Miners.
Mining men from all parts of the
country attended the second annual
inter-company meet of first aid teams
held recently at Wilkes-Barre, Pa.,
under the auspices of the National
Red Cross society. United States army
officers acted as judges in the con
tests in which various teams demon
strated their skill in rescuing miners
under most difficult conditions.
An air-tight mine chamber was built
in an open field for the contests and
charged with various kinds of fumes,
such as are met with in coal mines,
and it was in this that the first aid
teams did their rescue work, com
pleting their task of restoring the
rescued men out in the open air.
Teams from the Lehigh Valley Coal
company, Pennsylvania, Hillside, Tem
ple and Delaware, Lackawanna and
Western competed in the events,
which were in charge of MaJ. Charles
Lynch of the United States army.
For the first time in the history of
the movement there was a display of
first aid work by engineers from the
government experiment station at
How the Spirits Spell.
"Judging by @piritistic communica.
tions I have received lately simple
spelling must be more popular in the
world beyond than it is in this," said
a man who patronizes mediums.."Half
the messages received from the spirit
land nowadays are spelled in a way
to bring joy to the hearts of the
simple spellers. Not one medium,
but many, transmit them thus. Me
diums who know the old-fashioned
spelling book well enough to spell
down a whole room full of folks havrd
gone over to the revised edition.
"Whatever force it is that guides
their hands when transmitting mes.
sages must be impressed with the
utility of the new system. 'At the last
seance I attended I received a com
munication from a man who fought
new-fangled spelling with his dying
breath, but since he passed over he
must have learned something to make
him change his mind, for he now
writes like a disciple of Artemum
Ward."-New York Times.
Modes and Madness.
A considerable stir is being caused
in scientific circles by a lecture deliv.
ered before the Psychblogical Society
of Berlin by Prof. Rudolph Foerster,
in which the lecturer declared that in.
sanity can be judged by dress. Espe
cially is this so in the case of we
Insane women, said Dr. Foerster,
nearly always love bright colors, and
wear them in disorder. Nearly all
women who are extravagant in dress
are mentally abnormal, and hover on
the verge of mental breakdown.
Whereas, a man's insanity usually
begins by excessive anxiety about his
professional interests, that of a woe
man indicates itself by too much at
tention to personal appearance.
Dr. Foerster added that insanity it,
self follows fashions. Types of insaa.
ity which make thier victims violent
are decreasing. Nowadays the insane
tend to be quiet and harmless.
PREHISTORIC MAN IS FOUND
Fossil Remains of a Briton 170,000
Years Ago Discovered in the
London.-Back in a time that no
man knows, 170,000 years ago, there
lived in England a race of men, whose
stature and physical characteistics
did not differ materially from those of
the Englishman of today-a race that
had shed all traces of simian traits in
face, feature and body, and whose
brain cavity was larger than is often
found in highly intelligent people of
our modern age. This has recently
been proven by the discovery of the
The Ancient Briton.
bones of a prehistoric man buried 170
feet deep under a terrace, which is re
garded, and with good reason, as the
ancient bed of the Thames river.
There is no reason to believe that
the elevation or depression of the
land, which leads to the rise and fall
in the level of the river, has not been
iniform. The past must be judged
from what we know of the present,
and on this basis the land movement
which formed the terrace, and which
has scarcely changed since the Roman
period, has been deposited at the rate
of one foot in 1,000 years, this as
signing a period of at least 170,000
years since the high-level terrace was
laid down at Galley Hill, and the an
cient Briton was entombed in the
This ancient Briton was five feet
one inch in height. The neck was
enormously thick and the chest was
narrow and protruding.
FINDS SECRET OF EGYPTIANS
Art of Hardening Copper le Rediscov
ered by Railroad Fireman of
Newton, Kan.-The process of hard
ening copper to the temper of steel,
an art known only to the Egyptians
hundreds of years ago, has been redis
covered by a Kansas descendant of a
long line of metal workers, it is de.
Dlared. John Stipp, a Santa Fe fire
man of this city, is said to hold the
secret for which scientists of many
countries have sought for many ages.
In a tiny laboratory of a neat, well
kept cottage near the railroad shops,
looking for all the world like other cot
tages of the average laboring man, the
lost ar- was recovered. John Stipp's
lather, grandfather, great-grandfather
and how much further back he does
hot know and does not care, were
metal workers. For eight years he
has unceasingly experimented in his
laboratory for the secret burled with
the ancient Egyptians. Recently his
years of discouraging failure culmina
ted in success, and he holds a process
for tempering copper until it defies the
hardest files, he says.
House of Lords.
London.-The house of lords is com.
posed of lords spiritual and the lords
temporal. All the peers were not orig
inally entitled to a seat as a matter
Df right, but only those who were e*
pressly summoned by the king. Every
peerage of the United Kingdom which
Is conferred now gives the right to a
seat in the house of lords. The num
ber is indefinite, and may be increased
at the pleasure of the crown which,
however, cannot deprive a peer of the
dignity once bestowed. The upper
house at present comprises about 580
members. By the act of union with
Bcotland, 16 representatives of the
Scottish peerage are elected by the
Scottish nobility for the duration of
each parliament, and 23 are elected
for life by the peers of Ireland.
WAYS OF SERVING CHEESE
Some Suggestions for the Housekeep
er Who Wishes to Avoid
The housekeeper who does not be
lieve in monotony does not serve
cheese in the same way two days In
Succession. A little planning will en.
able her to run three or four different
kinds of cheese at the same time,
keeping them all fresh by putting them
in an airtight cold place.
As most cheeses spoil' quickly it Is
well to buy in smaller portions, espe
cially in warm weather. Some cheeses
are so perishable that grocers will not
handle them in summer, and they
should not be bought unless to be
eaten at once.
The same kind of cheese may be
served in various forms. Take the
popular crdam cheese, probably more
used than any other one make. If you
pass it out in squares one day, the
next mix it in balls sprinkled with
parsley; again mix with chopped
pimolas; or thin slightly with whipped
cream, mix with chopped red peppers,
and remold into a flat thin cake, which
is passed whole.
Instead of serving bar-le-duc and
cream cheese separately, stir together
into a mixture about the consistency
of creamed butter and sugar.
Fried cheese balls are delicious
served with plain lettuce and French
dressing. Mix into the cheese chopped
parsley, a dash of cayenne, a pinch of
salt, and two drops of onion juice.
Mold into balls, dip in egg and bread
crumbs, and fry in boiling lard before
Another fried cheese with lettuce is
made of the English or ordinary Amer
Ican cheese cut in strips like French
fried potatoes. Dip these in seasoned
egg and bread crumbs and fry in deep
rat when ready for use.
IT GRATES ALL THE NUTMEG
New York Man's Invention Will Save
Housewife From Grating Off
A nutmeg grater that grates all the
nutmeg, down to the last scrap, has
been designed by a New York man. It
also saves the housewife from grating
)ff her fingernails and the tips of her
Ingers. The grater proper is circu
ar and is affixed to a wooden handle.
?ivoted to the center is a revolving
landle resembling a miniature motor
nan's controller, with a little cup in
)ne end to hold the kernel and a
spring cap to keep it in place and
)ress it against the grater plate. The
cutmeg is placed in this cap and the
landle turned until the desired amount
a ground off, the operation being
nuch speedier than when kernel has
.o be rubbed across the grater by
land. Furthermore, the hand method
"esults in waste, as after the nutmeg
las been ground so small that it can
iot be scraped without scraping the
Ingers as well, it has heretofore had
o be thrown away.
Three eggs, a quarter of a pound
of flour, four tablespoonfuls of sugar,
grated rind of half a lemon. Sift the
flour on to a piece of paper, adding
one teaspoonful of baking powder and
sift again. Put the eggs into a basin
and beat them for fully ten minutes,
add the sugar and beat for twenty
minutes. Stir in the flour, baking pow
der and lemon rinC as lightly as
possible. Butter a cal. tin, then dust
it over with flour. Pour the mixture
into the prepared tin, and bake in a
very moderate oven for about one
hour. This mixture may be baked
in small gem pans if preferred.
Sauce for Fricassee.
Stir together two tablespoonfuls of
butter and one of flour previously
mixed with a little milk. Add a pint
of milk and white stock mixed in
equal quantities; or a pint of milk
alone. Add a sliced carrot, a chopped
onion, a few sprigs of parsley and
salt and pepper to taste. Put into the
sance whatever meat it is intended
to fricassee and stew gently until ten
der. Remove the pieces into another
saucepan, thicken with the yolks of
two eggs, squeeze in the juice of half
a lemon, pour over the meat and serve
Cold roast mutton should be diced
and placed in a saucepan with a good
pint of green peas, one head of let
tuce torn into shreds, sufficient gravy
to moisten and a good seasoning
Simmer for half an hour and serve
with an accompaniment of boiled rice.
Convenience for the Ironing Board.
A large pocket tacked on the back
of your ironing board is useful to drop
ironing wax, iron handle, stand, etc.,
into when you are through with them,
WOULD SAVE TOWER
Chioagoans Protest Against Raz
ing of Historio Landmark.
Great Pile of Masonry Which Sun
vived the Disastrous Fire of 1871
Very Rich in Romance and
Chicago.-Shall the oldest landmarl
of the north side, a spot rich in tradi.
tion and romance, the only remaining
monument of the time of Chicago's
victory in her greatest struggle for
life, be profaned by a city's commer.
cialism and destroyed in the name of
Shall the silent sentinel of stone,
the ivy-mantled tower where sweet
hearts were wont to meet, where chil
dren played and heard wondrous sto
ries of other days, be reduced to a
shapeless mass of stone and scattered
all over the city?
Is it not possible to preserve the
picturesque gray tower of the old Chi
cago avenue pumping station to pos
terity to serve as a memorial of the
great fire of 1871?
These are a few of the questions
raised by scores of Chicagoans who
had read of the plan to tear down the
tower of the Chicago avenue pumping
station in the interest of municipal
economy. This ancient landmark
stands at the foot of "Millionaire row."
North of the famous old structure are
the homes of the rich. Since 1867 the
tower has stood as a constant re
minder of the permanence of the work
of the city's founders.
Members of the Chicago Historical
society joined in the storm of protest
against tearing down the tower. They
were unanimous in the sentiment that
a a .
this landmark should be preserved
and made one of the show places of
When Chicago began to burn, the
evening of October 8, 1871, terror
stricken citizens fled north to the
tower in the belief that the fire would
be confined to a narrow district. The
following day the fire reached the
tower and roared about its base, de
stroying the machine shop and adja
cent buildings. The pumping engines
were stopped and the walls of the en
gine house began to crumble. The
roof.and floors of the other buildings
gave way, but the tower stood firm
while the flames raced northward.
The great pile of masonry was pre
served when repairs were made, and
since that day has been rich in tradi
tion and romance.
Many stories of the tower deal with
the romances of some of the richest
sons and daughters of Millionaires'
row. An eloping couple is said to
have been married at the top of the
tower. In the days of old thousands
of young men and maidens wandered
up the stairway to the summit to
plight their troth.
The doors of the tower were locked
long ago. The only magic key that
will unlock the door is in tho keeping
of the city authorities.
The city authorities hold now that
disintegration has begun and that the
tower must go. This theory is denied
by members of the Chicago Historical
society, who declare that the tower
was built to stand 10,000 years and
that there is no danger of its cruinm
bling for generations. Hundreds of
visitors gaze in awe at the old tower