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01C68 tO~ Atim
Dice icý II A b/O -PEi9R - kC!/R 4EJJ.WL Y I RLS preparing for opera 1. Paris have got to be comfort able. "That is why we live It an attic." They laughed glee fully as they told it, twc bouncing American girls from Kansas and Alabama, high-hearted, ambitious, bubbling with the joy of life, yet keyed down to the specialist's clear. seeing intent by two or three years' study in the French capital. They have learned the need of money in lyric Paris. Their experience is valu able to dreaming home girls. "It has cost me all of $1,400 a year to cultivate my voice in Paris; and I live cheaply in an attic apartment with a charwoman at 7 cents per hour to do the heavy work," affirmed the Kansas young woman, while the Ala bama girl has spent nearly $1,600 a year-"including very few new gowns!" Both have tried every way of living in Paris-to arrive at the mansard apartment and the charwom an. "All of which brings us to $7,000 for four years' voice preparation and the "comfort" that must characterize them. Of course there are profession als and semi-professionals who run to Paris and do a great deal of work in six months. We are not dealing with them. Even the failures for lack of time and money go back to America and earn better pay singing in church es and teaching on the strength of their Paris training. We have nothing to do with them either. "One year I lived on $1,200," mused the southerner. "I was taking only two singing lessons per week from - (here she named a famous name). I paid $5 perhalf-hour lesson in a class of three other girls. "I was living in a pension boarding house for 7 francs per day-$42 per month. That had to be paid regular ly. The rest I took as regularly as the money would permit. There were two singing lessons per week at $5 each; two French diction lessons per week with a coach, at $1 each; two mise-en-scen (acting) Issons at $2 apiece; and $2 once a week with a German, learning Schumann and Schu bert lieds! It would have brought me to $1,500 per year without cab fares, opera, theater, laundry, clothing, books, postage, hats, shoes, soap, mu sic, text-books, rubber shoes, quinine, headache powders or pennies for the poor! I had to cut out some of the lessons. "Too many people to bother you in a pension boarding house; too much time lost talking; too much second class society. People are all the time going off to see the Paris sights. It is annoying to be asked and have to always refuse. In the evenings they ask you to sing. You never do, but you hate to refuse again." "Again, there are too many con genial people at the American girls' clubs. The girls' clubs of Paris have the disadvantages of a great pension, only more so. They are immensely more luxurious and homey. They pre sent great advantages. They are clean, smart, art-furnished, with steam heat, baths, afternoon teas, li braries, information bureaux, free medical attendance, entertainments, charming society-and all for $5 or $6 per week! "But we quit them. It was too con genial, too agreeable. Instead of hur rying to my room to work, I would stop in the salons, chatting with the girls. "From girls' clubs to light house keeping, in Paris, is, thus a natural evolution. Two tiny rooms and a bi jou kitchen. There is scarce space for tea table and piano. That chintz covered divan is my bed. My compan ion's room, not having the piano, con tains our mutual dressing table. Ob serve how the wall slants as it goes up. It is the mansard and makes the rooms rather warm, at times, in sum mer; but the evenings are always cool and we do not have the excessive heat of America in Paris." Cost of Living. "With the charwomar three times a week to clean up, it costs us about $50 per month, S25 apiece, including gas, rough laundry and the rent of the piano. We have good steaks and chops and an American variety of fresh vegetables, warmth, light, leis. ure, freedom, silence-and pocket money! "The distances are great in Paris; but we take cabs only when we are late for a $5 singing lesson, or When it is stormy. One must not catch cold-that is another ruin! Our fine laundry costs us each 75 cents per week-much cheaper than in America. Our economies go to opera and thea ters, cabs, music and books. "And clothes? One must have a smart evening gown and a fancy tailor for afternoons, when invited out. That is all. For the rest, most American girl students come to Paris to wear out their old clothes. I have been in Paris three years and still have some of the things I brought with me. I wear them still. Students are not ex pected to dress." The daily routine of the songstress is full of pleasant activity. Care of her physique is of capital importance. Her chief cares are not to catch cold or grow fat. On rising, the future Patti takes a tub-unknown object in the Latin Quarter, though there is said to be one in the Boulevard Montparnasse, but as the girl lives very retired, few have seen it. Breakfast must be only a cup of coffee and a roll. Then you read the society columns of the Paris Herald, Mail and American Register- F important to a girl whose life on the edge of high society becomes almost a business proposition. In the after noon more singing. The first concert is a great scheme; there' 'are men students who repeat it annually. I confess, the girls employ it less. ti The only expense is printing and u7 mailing the complimentary tickets. a' You send them broadcast to the rich 01 and famous Americans, English, t French, South Americans, Russians, e( Germans, Italians and Spanish of hi Paris-with the word "Complimen-.o tary" rubber-stamped in big letters. Such rich folks are unwilling to ac. cs cept a "complimentary" from an un- tr known singer; but they think you Be must have met them somewhere, and p1i bate, also, to throw back the offered U1 seats in your face. Therefore they sti mail you a postal order for the price f each, $2-$4 in all-and never at :end your concert. Once a year the precious voice mus be heard by the real critics. For the meritorious, this long-dreaded, long wished-for audition d'eleves is a con secration. The voice is heard by the critical Paris public. It is judged nol only by critics, but by gathered im presarios. After such a hearing the girl may be offered an immediate en gagement in such a swell opera house as the Monnale of Brussels, as I have known to happen to American girls nine times in the past ten years. One reason why our girls pay $5 apiece for half-hour lesons from the famous but negligent old trainers who receive social callers in the class hour is that they make up for all neg lect at their auditions, great functions, in which they have the power of draw ing the elite of the profession. Less famous trainers-better, perhaps, for the voice-cannot get that crowd to gether. Each student sings two pieces, and into their rendering is put the train ing of long weeks. The hall is packed. The hour has come. One by one the girls pass to the ordeal. And it is finished. They have been heard. They have sung in Paris. Their perform ances will be noted at length in the daily as well as the professional pa pars. The impresarios of all the world will know of them by magic. It is to this sort of thing Paris owes its vogue as a voice center. Fewer new operas are brought out in Paris than in many a German city. Pqais engagements are netoriously ill paid. The Paris public does not love music. Some of the great trainers are Ger mans, some. Italians, some Spanish. Yet they must teach in Paris. Paris is the center for the cultivatidn of the voice; and it suffices. YAQUIS GET THEIR FREEDO. Madero Restores Lands to the One. Famous Mexican Indian Tribe. Mexico City, Mex.-The return o the Yaqul Indians, now held in slav ery in Yucatan and Vera Cruz, t( their homes in Sonora, is provided foi in a preliminary agreement reached at Hermosillo, between the leader-'ol the Yaquis and Vice Governor Guyon acting for Francisco I. Madero, leade of the revolution. The agreement alsc stipulates that the confiscated land. of the Yaquis in northern Mexioc shall be given back to them. The Yaquis promise to keep peace and protect the lives and property of both Mexican citizens and foreigners. Adherence to this pledge means the cessation of a bloody war that ha. been waged for years between the in dians and the Diaz government, and which has resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and millions of dollars. At the outbreak of the rebellion the Yaquis still in Sonora were armed by the federals, with whom they fought for a time, but later deserted to the A Yaqul indian Home. Maderists, after their old chief, Bull, had been killed in battle. Their num her are variously estimated at from 500 to 1,500. Madero promised that when they joined his army he would restore to them all their lands as soon as peace was established. The land in question is included in the tract of 600,000 acres belonging to s construction company, and was ac. tuired by this company by purchase In part from the federal government ,nder a concession granted some six rears ago for the irrigation and colo nization of the land. The company has constructed abou 100 miles of irrigating canals, bring ing water from the Yaqui river, ant about three years ago placed a poer tion of the land on the market and sold about 25,000 acres, mostly to Lot Angeles people, and a number o1 American families have settled on the land and improved it. FAMOUS LANDMARK IN STONE Monument of Chiseled Marble to Per petuate the "Lone Tree" Ha ven of the '49-ere. Central City, Neb.-The famous "lone tree" which stood almost in the center of the United States and under whose branches rested thou. sands and thousands of gold hunters of '49 en route to the El Dorado of the Pacific coast, has been perpetuat ed in marble and a facsimile in stone has been erected on the spot once occupied by the famous old landmark. The "lone tree" was the best known camping ground on the old California trail, and from 1849, when the gold seekers rushed across the great plains, down to the completion of the Union Pacific railroad, the old tree stood out boldly as a guide post to Lone Tree Monument. the wagon trains treking westward. After the railroad was completed and there was no further use for its help, the tree died. It was an immense cottonwood, four feet in diameter and very tall. Being one of the few trees between the Missouri and the Rock. ies, it soon became the best-known landmark on the trail. As a further mark of distinction, the old tree stood almost in the center of the continent between New York and San Fran. cisco-within less than one mile of the central point. The monument which the Nebraska Pioneers have reared in memory of "Lone Tree" is made from Vermont marble, and was chiseled in the east. It represents the trunk of a giant cottonwood and bears this inscrip tion: "On This Spot Stood the Original Lone Tree on the California Trail." ALL OVER IN A WEEK WILLIAMS' STAY IN BOARDING HOUSE SHORT AND SWEET. Gave Every Evidence of Being Ex. perienced Boarder and His Smart Sayings and Mannerisms Were Talk of House. When young Mr. Williams came to our boarding house it was plain to every one that this was not his first experience at boarding. In fact, his actions seemed to Indi cate that he was old and experienced in the life of boarding, and that he had come to as from some other boarding house, or poalibly from a succession of them. It was shown in the aplomb with which he assured Mrs. Hicks that he invariably paid his board on pay day, and that his pay day came on Satur day, ignoring her somewhat distorted statement that she insisted on pay in advance in every case. It was further shown in the way he skilfully flipped the covering off the bed in his hall bedroom and ap praised the condition of the sheets with judicial eye, his opinion, good or bad, being represented by a non commital grunt. He was a normal young man, was Mr. Williams. He had just the nor mal amount of baggage. His face was so nearly normal that people he knew would forget to speak to him. He was of medium height and weight, and so far as we could see had but one suit of clothes, and that an ordi nary dusty, brownish gray. His appetite, too, proved normal. He had a typical boarding house appe tite that pushed aside those things it did not want and insisted on a double supply of those it did. It was a dis criminating appetite that refused to accept things the nature of which did not appear on the surface. Immediately after supper Mr. Wil. liams sat on the front steps and re garded fellow boarders with specula. tive eye. Being a normal boarder, with what might be called an abnormal nerve, he easily decided that Miss Amy Crothsweight, who was a stenog rapher In the roller mills office, was the only one of us worthy of his at tention. And in fifteen minutes he and Miss Amy went for a walk, head ing, of course, toward the drug store soda fountain. Miss Amy, too, prided herself upon her dignity. When they came back Mr. Williams had some chewing gum, which he passed about. Next day he was wearing a tie we recognized as belonging to Mr. Wil loughby. Mr. Willoughby, when pressed, admitted that he and Mr. Williams had become somewhat chum my. Toward the end of the week Mrs. Hicks was taking an unusual interest in Mr. Williams. She quoted him to the girls, and would tell the boys how smart he was. He was the most ingratiating per son, was young Mr. Williams, and, as everybody got to liking him, his say ings and mannerisms were the talk of the house. On Saturday he did not appear at the table. Mrs. Hicks said he was called out of town. He didn't come back either. His trunk was hauled by Jim, the porter, to the junk room, and we did the best we could to forget him. We have often wondered if he went abroad, or was killed by a motor cycle, but have never learned. It's always that way, for people come and go like guests at our board ing house.-Dallas News. t Puzzling Words. The Ladies' Aid women were talk. ing about a conversation they had overheard before the meeting between a man and his wife. "They must have been to the zoo," Mrs. A. Said, "because I heard her mention 'a trained deer.' " "Goodness me!" Mrs. B. laughed. "What queer hearing you must have! They were talking about going away, and she said, 'Find out about the train, dear.' " "Well, did anybody ever?"' Mrs. C. exclaimed. "I am sure they were talk. ing about musicians, for she said 'a trained ear,' as distinctly as could be." The discussion began to warm up, and in the midst of it the woman her. self appeared. They carried their case to her promptly, and asked for a settlement. "Well, well, you do beat all!" she exclaimed, after hearing each one. "I'd been out to the country over night, and was asking my husband if it rained here last night." After which the three disputants re tired abashed and in silence.-Lippin cott's Magazine. Rank In Kentucky. "Yes, sir," the Kentuckian said, as they sat by the stove, "you can tell a man's rank in this state thusly: If you see a man with his feet on top of the stove he's a gineral; if his feet is on that rail half way up he's a colonel, and if he keeps them on the floor he's a major." "Ah, yes," his companion said; "that's good as far as it goes; but how are you going to distinguish a captain or a lieutenant?" "Stranger, we don't go no lower than major in Kentucky."-Lippin. 3ott'. Economy. First Aeronaut-When I found I had I Ron the prize I simply walked on air! R Second Ditto-Gee whiz! That way, big saving of gasoline. K TIME FOR HARVESTING ICI Agriculturist Should Not Fall t. Gather and Store Abundant Supply G for Use Next Summer. (By R. B. BUCKIIAM.) At this season ot the sear the rgr: culturist should not fail to gcthe anc x. store an abundant supply of ice, fom use during the summer months. It it astonishing that farmers do 1:u, mak, more use of this commoldity tit in th.,: lo, since its possibilities are so great tnd its cost practically no hi..g. IL; o eans of it the patying Drodci. I f 1tc at .rin can be more than doub.ed, T'L, nller('tlunt would be overj-., c at tii. - rospect of a profit of more t han I d er c*nt. \Vhy not the farmer, aiso. e he preservation of food p'iedctUt. Sby means of ice is a comnpareutval l a ,odern idea. Prior to the last ce': try no one ever thought of storin. ic:e for summer use. lint now mu,lliun e f dollars of capital are investIe i. this industry. And certainly there i no one among us who can make mt(m ad il better use of ice than the fari:e:. S lrnoks, lakes and ponds are so abundant that almost every farm ha., access to some one of them0. If such Y a water supply is not in fact included within the borders of one's holdingo, some neighbor more advantageously situated in this respect is only too willing to accord the privilege ol gathering a winter's crop. They are few who cannot have all they want for the asking. If a better cannot be afforded, the rudest possible kind of a structure will serve as a storehouse for ice. With a very little labor a pile of dis carded boards turned into an ice house, will convert a useless encum srance upon the farmer's premises Into one of the best paying invest ments he ever made. Coarse hay or straw will serve well enough for packing, if sawdust is not easily to be obtained, and the bare labor of cutting and hauling is prac tically the only outlay necessary, aid labor is usually most available at this reason of the year. The agriculturist is trifling with for tune, tempting fate to ignore him and ta or to pass him by, who does not store an abundant harvest of ice now, without letting another day pass by. FARM HAND QUITE THRIFT,' With Three-Horse Power Engine Rent ed From Employer Man Does Good Business in Winter. (3y A HIRED MAN.) A man came to our place not long ago and made a contract with the boss to saw 100 cords of pole wood that was on the ground. He offered to do the job for fifty cents a cord and his offer was snapped up in a jiffy. This seems a pretty low price, and it would be if he had to do it with an axe. But he came along a few days later wttl a three-horse power traction engine and the way that buzz saw went through those poles was a caution. He was employed by a farmer during the summer, and hired his employer's engine and runs it on shares during the winter. He hires a helper at a dollar and a half a day and gives the owner of the machine a dollar a day for its use. Well, he cleaned up our 100 cords in less than eight days-and you can figure out his profit yourself. When he got through with the wood he hooked on to a horse-power corn sheller we have and cleaned up about 1,000 bushels in short order. Don't know what he got for that, as the boss kept the deal to himself, but as the en. tine man went away with a grin on lis face I guess he was satisfied. He showed me a roll of bills big enough ,o choke a cow and "allowed" he vould be his own boss after this sea ion. d San Jose Scale. The San Jose scale is becomin1 more and more a general problem ij Connecticut. According to Professo SGulley, it is pretty thoroughly distrib uted all over the state, and more an( L more the orchardists are spraying foi the scale as a part of the regular orchard routine. Popular favor is di vided between one of the commercia: preparations called Scalecide and the new ready-mixed lime sulphur mixture At present the Scalecide seems to be most in use because, although a little more costly, "it goes further," as Pro lessor Gulley says, and "certainly does the work and is hardly more disagree able to use than so much water. Of late years several companies are put ting up a good concentrated sulphur lime mixture, of which a great deal is being sold. Keeping Sheep. No man should go into the sheep business with the idea that all he has to do is to buy a bunch of sheep and turn them out and wait at the house for them to bring in the profits. I have not found that breed of sheep yet, says a writer in an exchange. No breed of cows milk themselves or mix their own ration of feed. If they could, many of them would do better than they do now. Give part of the labor to the sheep that you have to expend on the cows, and they will let you off to visit your friends or the fair for a day or two, and not find fault with the neglect. Saving the Chunks. You can find many chunks of wood about the farm. Save them all for the stove. Big knots can be used in the "chunk" stove, and how they will make it laugh on a cold, stormy day next winter! Even pieces that are a little decayed will burn nicely if they s 1Pt!l , lirdl. Save them a) A CRAZY TOWERMAN MIXES TRAIN SIGNALS SHOWS RED LIGHTS FOR WHITE, STOPS TWO TRAINS AND SCARES PASSENGERS. Philadelphia.-For two hours the other day trains of the Baltimore Cen tral, the Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington and the West Chester branches of the Pennsylvania railroad were at the mercy of an insane tower operator at the junction of these three lines at Wawa. Suddenly losing his reason while manipulating signal lights, William Hurlinger, the tower man, all but sent half a dozen trains crashing into one another in the dark ness, and finally flagged two Wash ington trains. Shortly after one o'clock one train was brought to a full stop. While the crew were waiting impatiently for ex planation another train of the some division came snorting to a stop from e IIIII l. I I I. Towerman Becomes Crazed, the opposite direction. Then Hur linger appeared on the tracks. He was not seen until he sprang into the glare of the first train's headlight. He is twent-five years of age and of powerful physique. "It's a hold-up," ran like an electrio current through both trains. Some of the passengers began transferring val uables into places of possible safety as every now and then a shadowy form could be seen springing through the parallel shafts of light toward one of the flagged trains. The engineers were not alive to the fact that they had a maniac to deal with until Hurlinger showed his face, the features distorted and the mouth working insanely through the window of the locomotive of the first train. Bringing all their cunning to bear on the situation they gradually talked him into a state of semi-pacification, and then sprang on him. At the grip of fingers about his throat Hurlinger collapsed. It was thought that his reason had returned, but once in his home at West Chester, to which he returned obediently and In a sort of stupor, he again became frenzied. Brandishing a loaded re volver, he drove his wife and father and mother, who had been awakened by his unexpected return, into the street in their night clothes. He was removed to an institution for the in sane. GOT AWAY WITH COLLECTION Colored Deacon Passes the Hat at a Revival and 8kips Out With the Coin. Oklahoma City, Okla.-While "Sin Killer" Griffiths, a revivalist, was at the height of his plea for sinners to come to the mourners' bench the other night at a negro "protracted meetin'," a deacon from a rival church, who had been graciously act ing as usher, proposed that a collec tion be taken. "Amen!" chorused half a hundred brethren and sisters. "Glory, hal-le-lu-yah!" shouted Brud dah Griffith. "The time am come for Skips With the Collection. such proceedings. Pass along the basket." The deacon tool up the collection and a-shed out the door. There were cries of consternation and then threats of violence. The meeting broke up when more than 100 negroes started in pursuit of the fleeing brother. They chased him ten blocks, but he dashed into an alley and escaped with his loot.