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Wt~ i ee r, 4s a x r te, barrier extending more that 1,700 miles over mountait and valley, is doomed. It ii said that under the rule of thu pew regent, Prince Chun, a progres Miveness will be carried to a poini where not only will the old order of overnment see its downfall, but all fhat physically recalls the past will also be destroyed. Tradition is the yoke that binds hina. It is the obstacle that has kept at country of marvelous resources back. Prince Chun knows this, and it is said that in his desire to effect reform he will not content himself with merely establishing new methods In his systems of government, but will actually wipe out the physical relics Phioh keep the face of China turned o the past rather than to the future. Of all these survivals, the. Chinese Wall is the most famous and the most Wonderful. The countries of power in the world today were unknown when this structure was built to keep out the invader. Ib cataloguing the won Iers of the world, it has never been possible to make a classification that omitted the Chinese wall. It was 200 years old when Christ came to earth, but even then it was not the work of a young nation, for China has a his tory that can be traced back for 6,000 years. The project for tearing down the Chinese wall originated some years ago, and it is said that the late em press and her son, whose deaths com lag to close together so suddenly changed the whole aspect of the fu ture for China, had consented to abol ish the wall, and had even signed the contracts for its removal when super stitious fear seized them and the order was revoked. Descended as they both were from the Tsin dynasty that built the great barrier, and having that worship of ancestry that is, deeply ingrained in the beliefs of the Mongolian, they feared at the last moment to commit this sacrilege on the masterwork of the dead. . But Prince Chun, who as regent for the :two-year-old baby emperor, is pos sessed of full authority, has no such scruples. He is not the offspring of emperors and there is nothing to hold him in check. He is known to have strongly advanced ideas and to be es pecially independent and scornful where the old ideas of the past are concerned. Therefore, it is probable that he will carry the work of demoli tion to a finish. The interest in whether he does so goes farther than the mere question of the wall. It has to do indirectly with the future of the immense hordes who people the country. The wall is the symbol of the ancient that holds the country in check. If he be brought down the modernists will take it as a sign that the new ruler will during his stay as regent enforce the new ideals. If in spite of his impulses he Is wont to let the great wall stay, China will settle back lazily and com fortably and decide that nothing rad ioal will occur under the present regime. This is the situation that now gives such an extraordinary interest to the old line of fo'itfications. Modern ar tillery would speedily reduce the last Vestige of the ancient barrier, but it was not built to withstand this kind of attack, and in the days when it reared its head over the landscape, it was an impassable stronghold. Man's Great Piece of Work. The visitor who gazes at this stu pendous construction is made to feel Very modest as to the skill of the mod ern engineer. Experts of all nations have named it as the most astounding piece of work ever performed by man. Even over the pyramids and the sphinx it is given the credit. In imagination the spectator is moved back 20 centuries to the times that Shi-Hoangti, the greatest of Chi nese heroes, reigned. China then led the world in wealth and culture and the nation had a great literature. Rich rewards of conquest constantly inspired the Mongols, wild tribes who lived in the country now called Mon golia, to make forays. They had in vaded the country on the northern part, and were encroaching further toward Pekin and the lprovinces of the south. It was in this crisis that Shl-Hioangt: lerfiormced the feats of valor that made his nanle forever ratnous in Chinese song and poem. As sembling a mighty army, he threw himself on the Mongolian hordes, fought them, defeated them, and sent them flying back from Chinese terrl tory. But it was not enough to have downed the enemy. The Mongols al ways came back. They had a per tinacity that made them the most dan gerous of foes. Therefore, it became necessary to construct a barrier that would unfailingly perform its duty. Everything had to be done by hand, for the great engineering devices that today accomplish the work of 600 men had not then been invented. But fortunately labor was plenty in this most thickly populated country in the world, and swiftly the great wall moved into its place, grim and power ful and able to withstand any assault that Mongols might make. Its battlemented^ walls. are 50 feet high, and at every few hundred feet they bristle with towers where in days of yore Chinese warriors stood ever ready to repel the invader. Of Mortared Brick and Stone. The wall is 25 feet wide and is built for the greater part of its way of mortared brick and stone. When the Ming dynasty had come into power it duplicated for a consid erable extent Shi-Hoangti's wall, and thus for a large part of the distance there is a double barrier. The most powerful part of the wall is that at Pa-ta-ling, for this gate was only 60 miles from Pekin, and here it was that any charges directed against the greatest and richest city of the na tion would have to be repulsed. ' One great battle was fought here, for at the top of the Nankou pass the gate was the scene of the last stand against the noted Mongolian warrior, Genghis Khan, and when he overrode the de. fenders it was down the pass and through the gate that the conqueror led his forces. He took the Mongols into China and conquered a country against which his people had been fighting for 1,300 years. Kubla Khan also entered by this pass when he completed the conquest of China and made his realm the greatest the world had ever known. Genghis Khan and Kubla Khan were differently dispositioned. Genghis burned all the literaturb of China, but Kubla protected the literature and helped along the people by wise meas ures that gave prosperity in agricul ture and commerce. Kubla fixed places in the wall that had been rav aged by the wars of the centuries and undertook to restore tranquillity in the country. Some historians have said that the great wall accounted for the sloth in to which China fell. The huge bar rier, which even today shows itself to be stoutly built, gave the people a sense of security and made them feel that no nation could overwhelm them. Centuries passed in this foolish de lusion, and when the war with Japan came China discovered that she had been sleeping for centuries. Since the humiliation of that defeat by the Mikado a determination has grown up among the younger element of the people to earn a place among the great nations of the world. The old dowager empress and the weakling emperor stood in the way. Now they are gone, and the country looks with hope to the strong man who is now at the helm. It is prob able that before long China will feel. no matter how the remainder of the world may regret the passing of a famous relic, that a new era has dawned. Father of Antiseptic Surgery. Lord Lister, who recently cele brated his eighty-fourth birthday, is the medical genius who discovered and introduced the antiseptic method of surgery, thereby making possible the almost incredible operations per formed by doctors today. Before his discovery it is estimated that nearly 56 per cent of surgical operations proved fatal, owing to septic poison ing. Lord Lister, like many other scientists, has a wide interest in things, and his powers of observation are abnormal. Speaking of this on one occasion, he remarked on the great advantage of drawing as a train lug for observation. "The man who sketches," he said, "looks and looks again at an object, and thus the all important habit of correct observation 1s acQuired." FLIGHT AND CAPTURE ' By Mabel Chase England (Copyright, 1)11, by Associated Literary Press.) Inside the hotel was brilliantly lighted. Outside the moon shed its white radiance over the beach and the foam-capped sea. On the long balcony, in a secluded corner where a huge palm cast fantastic shadows over the railing, stood Tom Eldreth, leaning indolently, listening to the strains of music and the sound of laughter and dancing feet within. He had arrived that day and tonight the big ball of the season was in progress. "I suppose I was a fool to come," he ruminated, "but I couldn't stand town without her, confound it! Mean trick I call it, to run off without leaving a sign of an address, and all because of a silly little tiff. Dashed if I'll have anything more to do with girls, or women, either, or grand mothers, or girl babies. They're all alike." At this point in his reflections something moved in the shadow of the palm. Slowly he straightened up, his eyes fixed on the glint of silver water lilies embroidered in the meshes of a gown of misty green. Then into the moonlight stepped the lady of his dreams. "Betty!" he breathed, unbeliev ingly. "I slipped behind it when you came out," she informed him frigidly, "but I can't stay there forever. Why did you follow me?" she demanded. "I told you I hated you." "Follow you!" he denied indignant ly. "How could I when you didn't give me the ghost of an idea where e hted other Catboat. He Sighted Another Catboat. you were going? The fact that you hate me doesn't happen to interest me. I came up here to be by my self." He turned his back sulkily. There was silence for a moment, then a ripple of irrepressible laugh ter. Tom turned and faced her again. "You can giggle if you want to," he said, with the calmness of sup pressed anger; "but I'll tell you one thing, in the end you're going to marry me!" Her amazed "Oh!" was breathless with mirth. There was a gleam of green across the moonlight, a flash of silver water lilies and she was gone. Tom turned back to the railing, a savage exultation in his heart. Any way, he had told her, a thing he had never before had the courage to do. The next day hd looked for her in vain. Finally he went to the hotel clerk. "Has Miss Carswell left?" he asked. "Miss Carswell?" answered the clerk. "There is no lady of that name here, sir." "But she was here last night," ob jected Tom. "I saw her." "At the ball, perhaps," suggested the clerk. "That's it, then," assented Tom, turning away. For a week he searched every cor ner of the small sea shore resort, but no glimpse of her rewarded him. Tomorrow he must return. "Back tomorrow!" The words sang discouragingly in his ears as he hoisted the sail of his catboat and drifted slowly out before a light and fitful wind. A sharp gust came scudding over the water, careening the boat as it struck the sail. He glanced over his shoulder. "By Jove! there's a blow coming," he muttered carelessly. He turned the boat and sailed parallel with the shore. He would put in if the wind got too much for him. Presently he sighted another cat boat coming toward him, its only oc cupant a girl. Something in the poise of the lithe figure, the lift of the golden head, sent the blood coursing riotously through his veins. It was she-Betty! He pulled his hat lower over his e-es and slanted his course between her, and the shore. She should not escape him this time! Not till he had put about and was sailing calmly along beside her at some yards .distance did she glance at him. She nodded carelessly. "How d'you do?" called Tom, W.th lfrccted cnsuality. "Better steer for shore. This blow is going to coll,:ct its energies p]',tty soon and tle.n there'll be trouble." "Thank you," she called back sweetly. Zulm uruugnr ni DOIst nearer. "I'm sorry if I seem abrupt," he said coolly, "but r must insist on your going back at once." She shot him one withering glance, then applied herself once more to the managing of her boat, which was indeed beginning to need all her at tention. "If you don't," he added, with a smile that in no way detracted from the purpose in his voice, "I'm afraid I shall have to make you." For answer she turned her boat's prow and put straight out across the bay. Tom swore under his breath and followed her. She had the lead by about ten yards and he gained on her slowly. The wind increased mo mentarily, the seas grew higher. A huge wave struck her boat. The lit tle craft stood still a moment, then staggered bravely to the top. "Con found it!" burst forth Tom, now while with anger and alarm. Hac she gone stark, staring mad? He set his teeth, almost pushing his boat forward by the mere effort of his will. Slowly, slowly he gained. Now he was alongside. His prow nosed forward-a foot-a yard-two yards. He waited till he was a full two boat length- ahead, running swiftly to the bow he plunged into the sea, a few strong strokes and he caught her gunwale as it swept past, hoisted himself into the boat and stood dripping and angry before her. "Are you crazy?" she demanded angrily. "No," said Tom. "Now give me that rudder!" "I will not!" she said. Tom's eyes were a steel gray. "You will do as I tell you." She looked at him. Her eyes fell. With a gesture of icy submission she moved aside and Tom took the rud der in his grasp. "That's right," he said, somewhat less sternly. He brought the boat up into the wind. "Now hold her there while I reef the sail," he commanded. She obeyed silently, her eyes fol lowing him with a curious expression not altogether of anger. His task done, he possessed himself once more of the rudder, turning the boat's prow in a straight course for home. "There's an overcoat of Bob's un der the seat. You'd better put it on," Betty remarked, coldly. "Thank you." He pulled it out and buttoned it over his soaked garments without further comment. His companion gazed at him a mo ment in angry resentment, then her glance fell and there was silence, broken only by the creaking of the mast and the splash of waves against the bow. After a long while,, feeling his eyes upon her, she looked up. "Well?" she questioned. "You deserve a good beating," he said. "Perhaps you would like to admin ister it?" she suggested. Tom surveyed her for a long mo ment. "Yes," he said finally, "I should. However, I am going to do something that will probably be just as good for you in the long run. I'm going to marry you." "Oh!"' The same "Oh!" that had greeted his former announcement, but this time with a difference. The laugh ter was wanting, and there was a suspicion of uncertainty in the tone. "Who is Bob?" he commanded. "Bob is-oh, Bob is-my fiance." He looked at her steadily, hit eyes compelling. "Oh, well, then," she submitted, somewhat petulantly, "he's my cousin. But," with a ripple Qf laugh ter, "what would you have done if he had been-what I said?" The sail flapped wildly as the rud der was recklessly ab.ndoned. "And that means?" dem.anded Tom, her hands held firmly in his. "Tell me!" he commande'i. "That-that he is 't, and-and that 1 you are," she obeyed. "Let's both steer now," said Tom. Saved From Forgery. "They who would deny woman the vote on the ground that it would un. sex her," said Judge Ben B. Lindsey, at a garden party in Denver, "are exactly like Asa Ashton, a Florida Cracker. "Old Asa, seated, glass in hand, in a hammock land saloon, was informed by the saloon-keeper that Jethro Sin. nicson, a neighbor's son, had been sentenced to eight years for forging a check. "Asa drained his glass, then slapped the table vigorously with his sunburnt hand. "'Thet,' he said, 'is wot comes er eddication. I got sixteen kids, an' thar hain't one on 'em, thanks be ter goodness, wot knows how ter read or write.' " Ancient Inkstand. An inkstand that was probably in use three thousand four hundred-odd years ago is now exhibited in a Berlin museum. It is of Egyptian make, and is supposed to belong to the eighteenth or nineteenth dynasty, or somewhere about 1500 B. C., although its real age can be judged only approximately. It is made of wood, and has two compart. ments, an upper one provided with two holes, one for black and one for red ink, and a lower one for holding reed pens. The black and the red ink are certainties; for some still remains, in a dry condition, within the recepta. cles. It was found lately at Thebes. Loafing on the Job. Blinkins-I see the mantigement ad vertlses running water in all thb rooms. Clerk-Yes; but between you anti me, it never comes faster than a very slow walk.-Judge. IMPROVEMENT MADE IN MODERN TYPE OF BABY BEEF ANIMAL Predicted It Will Continue to Increase in Popularity in Those Districts Where Farmers Do Not Wish to Dairy Vast Range Areas in West Have Been Cut Up Into Smaall Farms. A Bunch of Prize Winning Feeders. Twenty-five years ago the popular beef animal was a mountain of meat and tallow. Pasture land was cheap and labor low in price; so the raiser could afford to keep the animal until it weighed a ton before putting it on the market. The buyer wanted this kind of animal, for meat was cheap and the consumer cguld buy large cuts. But new factors have brought about a change in values. As land and labor increased in price the farmer found that the longer he kept an animal the more of his labor went in maintenance and this lessened his profit just that much. Then he found that the higher-priced lands could not be used for beef and that there was more money in raising corn. So men who had been engaged in raising cat tle for market started raising corn, and bought their steers from those occupying cheap lands and finished them off themselves. Throughout the corn belt the popular steer has ranged for 24 to 30 months old, says the Homestead. The majority of fattened steers went to market at 30 months, weighing from 1,500 to 1~350 pounds. The farmer preferred to feed these animals because there was generally a good demand for them in the mar ket. When purchased from western cattle raisers they were in thin con dition, but were rugged, thrifty, had good appetites, and were in the best shape to make rapid gains. During the last few years, due to the fact that the sheep industry has been encroaching on the land in the west, and irrigating projects have made fruit raising successful, vast range areas have been out into small farms for settlers who have no money to invest in cattle. Then, too, great numbers of cows and young stock are being sent to market each year, with a consequent decrease in the number of breeding animals on the range. One of the greatest problems that con fronts the cattle feeder of today is where to get hold of feeders. A number of people who used to feed cattle till 24 or 30 months of age in the corn belt are attempting to raise their own calves and market them around 12 months of age or be tween the ages of 12 and 18 months, and weighing from 800 to 1,000 pounds. This is what is known as the "baby beef" proposition, and it is a question that is eyciting more in terest every year among cattle feed ers and producers. Baby beef has not been popular with steer feeders because under condi toins formerly existing the man on the range could produce them more cheaply than the man in the corn belt could buy them. The extra land neces sary for maintaining breeding cows could be used for corn; the feeding period of the baby beef animal lasted from 6 to 9 or 12 months, while that of the 24 and 30-months-old steer only lasted from 90 to 180 days. Then, too, greater uniformity and more indica tions of better breeding are necessary in the baby beef proposition in feeding out older cattle. Greater skill in feed ing and caring for the young animals is also necessary than in the case of the older ones whose appetites do not have to be catered to. The killer also discriminated against the.younger ani mal because the carcass of the older animal usually carried a little firmer flesh than the young animal, and there is less water in the carcass, so that they kill out a'larger per cent. of good meat. The feeder himself found that unless he exercised great vigilance, the young animals shrunk more in be ing shipped to market and finally the consumer favored the meat from the older animal. If the cattle feeder aims to produce his own feeders, he cannot afford to BRACING CORNER FENCE POST .---i.,.. . _ An excellent method for bracing a corner fence post is shown in th. Illustration and it is self-explanatory. |--- ~ '- - · let his calves lose what is known as "calf fat." It is well known that young animals gain more rapidly in propor tion to their live weight and to 100 pounds of food than do older animal. That is, they not only made more economical use of their feed than the older animals, but they take a shorter time to make a certain total gain. The man who turns off a steer that weighs 1,000 pouhds, has, if that calf weighed 100 pounds at birth, been given 10 per cent. of the total weight by the dam, while the man who keeps the animal till it weighs 1,250 pounds has been given only 8 per cent. The man who can make a steer weigh 1,000 at 12 months has more return for his trouble than the man who keeps it 24 months, with an additional weight of only 250 pounds. Butchers, too, have changed to suit the demand of the consumer. Al though meat is generally considered a luxury in the diet of the poor man's family, it still remains an absolute necessity in the diet of the better classes. But, where people formerly ordered large roasts and steaks, they are ordering steaks and roasts now that are from 50 to 75 per cent. small er on account of the advanced prices. They find that if they get a small roast from a large animal that it is "long" on bone. The butcher then to suit the demands for smaller bone de mands smaller animals, and during the last few months they have been willing to offer, not a premium on smaller steers so far as dollars per 100 is concerned, but they have brought the price of small steers up so close to that of the large ones that there is really a premium on little steers when we consider the cost of production. We do not think that the 1,200 pound steer will ever be entirely eliminated from the market, but we do think (if a conjecture is allowable) that the baby beef animal will con tinue to increase in popularity in those districts where men do not wish to dairy. Placing the Halter. With two fence staples fasten an old harness snap from which the spring has been broken to the left side of the horse stall at a convenient height above the manger, says a writer in Practical Farmer, and see that the boys hang up the halter whenever the horse is taken out. When he is brought in, his halter is neither under his feet nor in the ma'n ger under his feed, but just where it can be reached most easily and quick ly. The point of the snap should be hammered in slightly to prevent the horse catching his halter upon it or injuring himself by rubbing. The Delicious Sweet Pepper. Your garden ought to be well sup plied with that most palatable vege table, the sweet pepper. Many peo ple imagine that all peppers are too hot to be eaten with comfort, but this is a great mistake. The only hot portions are the seeds, and they can be removed before cooking. Green peppers are cooked in a va riety of ways, and there is no vege table that produces more table en. joyment than these vegetables if a little study and care is given to their growth and preparation for the table. Spray for Cabbage Worm. A good remedy for the cabbage worm which infests cauliflower and cabbages is an ounce of saltpeter dis solved in three gallons of water. The heads should be thoroughly sprinkled and if this is done one application will be generally found sufficient.