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THE LIBBY HERALD
VOL. 2, NO. 15 LIBBY, LINCOLN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1911 $2.00 PER YEAR ---- rim m,- ammm-m-w m u mmnw il lm mm _ i.. _ _umm um mu, ANOTHER WIDEAWAKE BUSINESS MEETING Libby Commercial Club Cuts Out a Line of Work on Sev eral Important Propositions. It was a rousing and well at tended meeting in Plummer's hall Monday night. The Commercial club is organized and at work. It has a record already of big things accomplished, and the regular com mittees are all busy wifh live busi ness that goes to distinguish a hust ling, growing place from a dead one. The committees on transporta tion, agriculture, mining and ex hibits have their work out out for them in getting a fitting exhibit ,f " prepared for the fair at Eureka and the state fair at Helena. This ex hibit will be a credit to the city and county. A special committee, consisting of President Gray and Secretary Skeels, and Messrs. Booth, Pratt and Faust, was appointed to inter view the Anaconda Copper com pany, the Northern Pacific Railway company and other speculative holders of timber lands lying in the valley adjacent to Libby, and im mediately across the river from town. The object is to get them to place about a thousand acres of these holdings at once on the mar ket, to be cleared and sold in small acre tracts to actual settlers only, so many of whom are inquiring for just such lands and offering to pay handsome prices for it. We trust that these companies will see the light properly and place this land lying close in to Libby on the market, as desired. Otherwise, the people here will doubtless feel impelled to urge up on the county officials the propriety of assessing such property at a fig THE YAHK VALLEY BASIN The classification of lands in the Yahk valley slid their subdivision into homestead units, which wa begun this summer by the local forestry force, is now more than two-thirds completed, and Super visor Skeels states that with rea sonably good weather the entire project will be finished before win ter sets in. More than one hundred home stead units will be segregated in the Y'ihk valley and the surveying of these claims into homestead tracts and preparing them for onening to entry has been no small task. The work was begun on July i with a force of more than forty men. In order to classify the land as to its agricultural or forest value, it has been necessary to make an accurate survey of the entire Yahk water shed and to cruise an area equal in extent to nearly one-fifth of Lin coln county. Before the lands can be opened to homestead entry in the land office, it is required that the survey of each separate claim conform to the regulations of the surveyor general for public surveys. To begin the work a base line was run up the Yahk river from the northeast corner of T. 32, R. 34, on the 8th standard parallel, to a monument on the international boundary line where the Yshk river enters Montana, This base line is some fifty miles in length, and is marked at intervals of one mile by permanent monuments. Other crews ran transverse lines from the base line up each stream tributary to the Yahk river. All the bottom lands and bench lands along the Yahk rFier and in the valleys of ure that will make it less profitable to hold than it is now. The matter of pushing the pend ing campaign on the bond election for roads and bridges was referred to the committee on county affairs, headed by George Millett. The matter of establishing a local experiment station on a small tract near town, as discussed in these columns last week, was brought up and met with an enthusiastic re ception. John P. Wall, Dorr Skeels, L. H. Faust, B. F. Maiden and J. M. Blackford spoke in favor of the the scheme. Mr. Blackford told of the practical good and efficient advertisement Lewistown gained fromi such a demonstration tract, kept up for several years near that town. The meeting put itself on record as favoring the plan of establishing a small experimental station at some convenient place near town, where all our many fruit trees, and small fruits and berries, grains, clovers, alfalfa and other forage plants, and all manner of vegeta bles, shall be grown and shown on a fair commercial basis. This will demonstrate the , range of possibilities in all forms of soil products in a' convincing way. Also, if the present plans of in troducing a full high-school agri cultural course into our public schools prevails, this station will furnish a laboratory conveniently at hand for the students. The agricultural committee will report at the next meeting their progress in securing such a tract and getting it ready for use. Mr. and Mrs. Fletcher Gould are visiting with Mr. and Mrs, Dorr Skeels. Mrs. Gould is a sister of .rs. Skeels and with her husband is on a wedding trip. They were married in Michigan and are en route to Corvallis, Ore., where they will make their home. the tributary streams were ther surveyed and divided into home stead units of as nearly as possibhl x6o acres each, and the survey o each homestead unit was tied tc one of the permanent monument: along the Yahk base line. A tray erse line was then laid out on eacl ridge or summit between tributar3 streams and the land was cruisec in one-half mile strips back anc forth from the traverse lines on the streams to the traverse lines on thc ridges. Ten crews of two men each are employed in cruising. In addition to the transit crew, which has been running the base line, four survey crews, equipped with plane table: and transits, have been engaged in surveying the traverse lines from the base lines. The work of surveying, classify ing and mapping this large part of the forest has been handled entire ly under the direction of the local men. Duputy Forest Supervisor Raymond has been in charge of the work in the field, and the suc cessful completion of the project is largely due to his personal super vision. The base line along the Yahk river was surved by a crew in charge of E. K. Barnum, who executed the preliminary engineer ing work for the Libby Waterworks & Electric Light company. The heads of the plane table and transit survey crews running the traverse lines were Forest Rangers Robert St. Claire and Frank Bening, For est Assistant Latane and B. P. Thomas. Mr. Latane and Ranger Bening were also in charge of the tinmbr cruising work. The classi COMMISSIONERS IN SPECIAL SESSION. Fix More Definitely Main Road Through County. Also Take 5-Year Lease on Courthouse. In order to fix more definitely the main highway which it is pro posed to build in Lincoln county, the county commissioners at a spe cial meeting held Monday changed the resolution describing the road by adding a provision to the effect that the road shall follow the ex isting public highway from the eastern line of the county through Trego, Fortine and Eureka to Rex ford. From Rexford to Libby it will follow the most practicable route on the east and south side of the Kootenai river, and run from Libby to Troy on the same side of the Kootenai, following existing roads covering part of the way. The board appointed election judges and fixed the polling places in the election precincts. County Clerk Carpenter was authorized to publish an election proclamation mnd provide ballots and other para phernalia for the election. The commissioners agreed to ease the court house from the Lib!by school board for five years, ,rovidlng that the lease may be :erminated by the county at any ime within that period in case the .ounty seat should be removed from [ibby. The school board will wire he house for electric lights and )ipe it for water, and will receive 525 per month rent. E. M. Wilson, deputy sheriff of ,ewis and Clark county, has been iere for several days this week, ooking over the country, and likes t so well that he is coming back text month for an extended slay. fication of agricultural lands anm the surveying of homestead units i in charge of Forest Ranger Vinal who has been assisted during th, summer by Ranger Hess. Thi homestead surveys are being made by two crews of five men each The packing of supplies, mainte nance of camps and the like ha! been in charge of Ranger Henr3 Weidner, and the pack train is be rmg handled by Hetiry Wegner. The main camps were establishec at Frenchmen's Meadow, the Uppel Ford and at the Olson Ranch, anm it has been necessary to pack sup plies for the camps a distance o forty miles. The project is the largest one of the kind ever completed by the for est service in this district, and when all of the lands covered by this summer's work have been filed up on in the land office the last of the agricultural lands in the Kootenai forest will have passed in the hands of homemakers. When the work is completed late this fall, not only will all the agri cultural land in the Vahk water shed have been classified and dividl ed into homestead units, but an accurate cruise and estimate will have been made of all the mner chantable timber in that region, a topographic map made covering the entire watershed and maps and re ports will be available covering each separate logging chance. It is estimated by the forestry office that the stand of merchanta ble saw timber tributary to the Yahk river in the reserve exceeds one billion feet board measure. This includes only merchantable THE BURLINGHAM MILLING PLANT. Leases Tweuty Acres on Track Adjoining Town on West. Local People Taking Stock. lenry Burlingham, head of the lnew mlill proposition here, is in the cite this week unloading a car of lunnher for temporary buildings and attending to other business. The company has leased twenty acres adjoining the railroad track just below town, and will erect their plant there. The big mill, now being dismantled at Gateway, will not be installed until spring, because of the dull lumber market, but a circular saw will lie put in to run this winter on cross ties for the Great Northern, for which there is a good demand. The plans include a six-mile log ging railway to the source of sup ply on Parmenter, embracing about I50 million feet of timber. Nego-: tiations are practically conicluded for the engine, cars and rails and will be shipped in this \vwinter. The conlpanv is orgat:izcdl at uin. .,t0n, of which the i rlinh1ilham planlt coniprises $25,000. Fifteen thoiusa.ld dollars of the stock is be ilg disposed of locally, a numiiiber of promllinent li'lople here liaviing takeni blocks of ,ihares, The Bur ltgihamns are all practical millmen, and well knoiwn inl the commulninit). ]loth a wholesale and retail busi ness will be carried oil. COUNTY TEACHERS' INSTITUTE OCT. 2. State Superintendent Ilarmion hlas set October 2, 3 aind 4 as dates For the Lincoln County Teachers' istitute. All who are intc.rested n education are cordially invited .o attend. timber which is old enough to cut and does not include the stands of young growth or of thrifty grow ing timber. Supervisor Skeels states that the Yahk river offers qlie of the best opportunities for a large lumbnhering operation of any location in Mon tana. The timber can be logged either by rail or by, driving down the Yahk river. Snfficient water power is available in the river t o furnish electrical power for the ni tire operation. Since this water shed is to be protected and halnled under careful foretry muanagemelnt, a mill as large as any in Linrrcioln county could be assured of a per manent supply of timber for all time, and the extent alld perma nency of the operation \would \\ ar rant the construction of the most modern and permanent logging im proveinenits. Local officers are enthliusiastic in their estimates of the agricultural ipossibilities of the VYahk har,m. The elevation is but little higher than at Libby and, except for tile Kootenai valley, the Yahk basin is the lowest valley in the ~tate. The soil is a deep rich loam, vary ing in fineness from clay loams to sandy loams, and lying in level bottoms and benches, the surface admits of ready cultivation. While practically all of the homestead areas contain sullicient timber for fuel and the construtction of homnie stead impnrovements, none are heavily timbered. Inl some cases the homestead units include large open meadows, although the mlost of the lands are brush lands or covered by light stands of small timber. first morning at 9 o'clock, and be in attendance the whole session. The last day will be especially interesting for school officers and parents. Superintendent Harmon or Dep uty Superintendent Ketchum, Pres ident Hamilton of the state agri cultural college, Superintendent (]rant L. Finch of the training de partnment of the state normal and Miss Nettie Sawyer of Seattle, in structor in primary work, will be with us and we promise you an in teresting session. Senator Dixon, who has returned to Montana, in an interview in the Missoulian, insurges like a regula tion insurgent. He says the great, overwhelming issue and the real one is to restore representative gov ernment to the people and take the control away from the "special in Icrests" now dominating our polit ical affairs ; thut no other thing in our national life since the slavery jluestion has so aroused the people as the concentration of wealth, car rYing with it control of legislative mid executive action through boss rule in politics. He pointed out that "the svstem" controlled Ore giu politics until six years ago, \lihen the Oregon Primary Law cume into being and swept away •o'rporate control, aiid says that Montana must and will adopt the primary svstem. Whenll Joe climbs itto the Taft bandwagon next year iit will be interesting to hear him lampoon Aldrich, Cannon, Hey Iur and other Taft standpat lieu :enants. Marsh Roberts and Lou Hale of Iroy were in the city yesterday, oniltcrriug with the forestry peo ,le. They have been in the ser :ice this summer building houses ind doing other work and have ust completed a substantial cabin it Granite lake, that rival of beau iiul Switzerland The raint all is heavier than in any other valley in the state, and al though sufficient water is present for the irrigation of every home stead unit, it is probable that mnost of the lands will be cultinated with out the use of water. Several ranches have been under cultivation in the basin for several years, and it has been demonstrated that the ordinary vegetables, gar den truck and fruits can be raised in abundance, as well as hay and grain. None of the units is isolated, and, as the basin is in many places several miles wide, a compact,well settled agricultural region is as sured. Eastern capitalists have already taken up the proposition of an electric railroad up the Yahk river to ieach the new settlement to be established there, and it is proba ble that in a very few years that part of the county will be as acces sible and well-populated as is the Kootenai valley. A large part of the lands have been applied for and the local of fice states that probably all of the aLuds will have been selected by he time the surveying work is otompletcd. The following are the applicaints who have already se ected landt : Upper Vu:hk Basin- M. L. Prowse, Whitefish, Mont. Walter Sprague, Missoula, Mont. Lura P'rowse,Whitefish, Mont. Aron F. Barry, Missoula, Mont. M. J. Crroll, Missoula, Mont. M. J. \Vaper, Lenia, Ida. C. P. Wrightson, Butte, Mont. (G. H. Wrightson, Sr., Butte. DID A NOTABLE PIECE OF WORK. Every Dollar Judiciously Ex pended on the Road and Bridge Scheme is a Live One. That was a notable piece of work done by the county commissioners at their recent session, when they voted unanimously for the Pratt resolution for submitting the ques tion of bonding the county for $125,ooo to the people, to get money with which to build roads and bridges in the county. It was notable first and princi pally for the intrinsic merit of the movement for more and better roads and bridges for all parts of the county. For every dollar wise ly and judiciously expended along the lines suggested by the Pratt resolution is a live dollar that will increase and multiply and be pro ductive for all the people of all parts of the county. There are two kinds of debts. One where money is expended for things, more or less needful and useful to be sure, but so expended that the outlay is a dead expense, and will bring in no returns what ever. The other where money borrowed and expended is invested in some live business that will be a profit producer, over and above in terest charges. Of this last kind is the debt proposed to be incurred for the bettering of our roads and bridges. Good roads, affording ready access to all parts of our county, making possible the haul ing of good loads or to travel at a good rate of speed, are among the best assets of any state or county. All sorts of business at either end of such highways, and along such highways, will share in the advan (Continued on fifth rare.) Stuart St. C. Wrightson, Butte. G. E. Bishop, Missoula, Mont. G. H. Wrightson, Ji., Butte. Leo F. Waper, Lenia, Ida. H. J. Waper, Lenia, Ida. Theodore Reker, Spokane. J F. Smoot, Gateway. Mont. Walter J. Smoot, Gateway. Tom Blankenburg, Eureka. Clyde Smith, Gateway. F. H. Green, Troy, Mont. Eldred W. Taylor, Lenia. J. S. Hensley, Lenia. Ward Sheriff, Helena. Sven Olson, Lenia. J. A. Huffman, Spokane. East Fork Basin Garland Prowse, Whitefish. Jas. R. Froman, Missoula. Henry B. Wegner, Libby. Jos. H. Dickerson, Fernie, B. C. C. W. Reynolds, Whitefish' Henry Smith, Rexford, Mont. Lower Yahk Basin Fred G. Stevens, Libby. H, J. Waper, Lenia. E. M. Hays, Libby. John A. Turnblade, Libby. Jacob Teeters, Libby. J. I. Fox, Libby. Phil Rengier, Lenia. J. A. Thornton, Trov. Juanita D. Aydelotte, Sunny side, Mont. Robt. Greig, Libby. Jas. Barron, Libby. W. A. Wheeler, Troy. H. H. Higgins, Lenia. W. M. Mizener, Shelby, Mont. Lillian McKirdy, Gedar Falls, Ia. Hiram S. Ross, Troy. W. N. Skinner, Hiliyard, Wash. Ethel Davis, Troy. Mattie Roderick, Libby. Roy Roderick, Libby. Chas. Hartman, Spokane. David P. LaRue, Libby. Sarah Kelsey, Libby. G. H. Oakes, Culbertson, Mont. Edward F. Fix. Lenia. Walter C. Faulkner, Spokane.