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IN 980 Foo98981.
or JoAN or Ane 'Y
a 1 9
Hew aa~e f Me/alo'of O/ean
OCTOR JOHNSON said he
never read the life of a monk
of the middle ages but what
he wanted to fall down and
kiss his feet. I hope there is
no harm in saying that I would prefer
to kiss the feet of a girl, and as Joan
of Aro is the best and purest girl
iknown to profane history, I am here
in France, if not kissing her feet, yet
following in her footsteps as far as
;possible. The picture shows the
latest conception of the Maid of Or
leans, the new votive statute of Joan
of Arc by Raoul Larche, in the
Church of the Madeleine at Paris.
Joan had a horse to ride, but ex
pressed her Intention of, failing a
(horse, going upon her legs, even if
,she wore them down to the stumps of
her knees. I go upon my feet for
choice, and duly arrived thereon at
'Domremy, where Joan was born, in
,the far east of France, having made
amy way from England via Rotterdam,
and through Holland,. Belgium and
Alsace-Lorraine, entering France not
far from Pont a Musson. At the
frontier the custom house officer was
about to search my knapsack, under
the impression I was a Belgian. When
I told him I was English he desisted,
and bade me pass on. As this was
the second time I had been taken for
a Belgian I asked the officer what
made him think so. He answered,
"We don't see many Englishmen with
knapsacks in France."
Memories of Joan of Arc.
The Meuse flows through Domremy
on its way from Neufchateau to Van
couleurs, the same stream by which
Joan must have led her sheep. The
oak wood, where she heard her mys.
terious voices, also remains, but be
yond these not much exists at Dom
Temy on which the eyes of Joan
rested except the landscape. It is
true her house has been preserved,
,but the church has been pulled down
to alter the orientationr, and little
'more than the original font remains.
However, her name Is everywhere
'Domremy in Pucelle. Hotel de l'Hero
ine, etc.-and every shop and cafe
presses you to buy a medal or a
glass or some memorial of her.
Though April was not yet out, it
was very hqt at Domremy, and I don't
wonder Joan loved the shade of the
woods. A magnificent church is be
ing erected right in the woods, where
she heard the voices. Without going
into the truth or otherwise of the
voices she heard, one may say that
dn her day the world' was peopled by
invisible things. The kindly priest
Iwho showed me round told me that
)in the casting out of the evil spirit of
a child at baptism, it always took a
longer service to bring it out of a
girl than out of a boy, and that
Joan's evil spirit was a particularly
long time in coming out
I follow the footsteps of Joan all
the way from Domremy to Van.
couleurs, passing through Greux, the
village not fifty yards apart from
Domremy, and. where the children
fought, Joan on the side of the Armag
naes and the others for the duke of
Burgundy. I got some refreshments
at Gosselain, where Joan danced at
the well dressing on Laetare Sunday
(fourth Sunday in Lent). I inquired
my way at Bousy, where Joan had an
aunt, and so came to Vancouleurs,
where Joan's interview with Baudri
court took place. In every village I
found a statue of Joan by the foun
In the Champagne Country.
The district was very disturbed in
Joan's day; it is also disturbed in
mine. In both the causes are some
what obscure, for who now under
stands the rights of the case between
the Armagnaes and Burgundians, and
what Englishman can decide this
champagne controversy? As I neared
the champagne districts there might
have been a war going on. Nothing
but soldiers are to be met on the
road. At Epernay soldiers guard
every wine factory, and the sound of
the bugles is continuous.
At the revolution the province of
Champagne was divided into four de
partments. All this present trouble
arises because the department of the
Aube is reckoned outside the district
which is allowed to label its wines
as champagne. A plain man would
say that when he buys champagne he
expects it to come from that country,
just as he expects Danish butter to
come from Denmark. But here comes
in the singular fact that neither
Rheims nor Epernay was originally
in the favored province. As to the
name itself, it simply means the great
open land, the Campania of France,
whose loose soil will barely grow
cereals, but which produces vines of
special quality. The old province was
equally noted for the placidity of its
people and the excellence of its wine.
At Rheims I am once more in the
steps of my heroine, for did not her
birthplace get its' name from Dom
Remi, the baptizer of Cloves, to whom
the dove from heaven brought the
vase of anointing oil, which replen
ishes itself, and which was used at
the sacring of Charles VII. In the
presence of Joan? In picture and in
sculpture the scene is portrayed, the
bird bringing the mysterious ampulla
in its mouth, which, like a certain
other cruse of oil never failed as
long as it was required.
When I asked if there was any oil
in the vase now I was answered that
when France had a king to be
anointed the oil would be there.
What has a plain man to say to
RECORDS OF ANTIQUITY
INSCRIPTIONS THAT TELL ABOUT
LIFE IN FORMER AGES.
Religious Forms, Business Methods,
Historical Events and Many Oth.
er Things Revealed by Carv
Ings in Stone and Metal.
Inscriptions by no means are the
product of modern learning. The an
cients left 150,000 that have been
resurrected, translated and printed,
not counting the epitaphs on ordinary
graves of thousands of years ago,
which are not deemed worth the trou
Ancient peoples-Sabaeans, Phoe
nicians, Etruscans, Oscans, Umbrians,
Babylonians, Assyrians, Numidians,
Germanic tribes, Iberians, Celts, Norse
-all carved their records in stone and
metal. Paper was not as common in
those days as now.
The permanent records thus left in
clude religious forms, business ac
counts, royal proclamations and boasts
of deeds accomplished, epitaphs, mor
tuary tablets, altars, temples, aque
ducts, tax receipts, etc. Evidently
property was not safe in the old days
and they had the habit of writing on
seals, gems, vases and other brick-a
brac by way of identifying them.
Both in this country and abroad
scholars devote much of their time to
deciphering these mute records of the
past, and it is quite likely that the suc
cessors to our population-if such
there shall be-will find information in
the Eliot inscriptions for their learned
In France, along with other acade
mies, they have one of the inscrip
tions, which is preparing books of the
Greek and Latin relics by photog
raphy. The experts began this Job in
In 1868 Mommsen and Huebner, the
great historians, projected a similar
task under the Berlin academy and at
last accounts the savants who are con
tinuing their labors were still collect.
ing. They have published many vol
umee and have preserved some 10,000
of the 20,000 extant Greek inscrip.
It is a great part that the carved
words of bygone ages has played in
modern knowledge. The finding of
the Rosetta stone with its identical
message in both Egyptian and Greek
provided the clew that unlocked the
mysteries of the Nilene delta's early
Some of the languages and most of
the history of Asia Minor has been
preserved by the same method. Also
some years ago at Hisn Ghorab on
the Arabian coast, there was found
a stone, which being deciphered, pro
claimed, according to some, that the
apple which Eve gave to Adam and
thus made us all work for a living
wasn't an apple, but a pomegranate.
Earth'l oldest inscription belonged
to the Phoenicians once, and was
hewn out some 3,000 years ago, being
a dedicated bronze vessel for the tem
ple of Baal Lebanon by Hiram, king
of the Sidonians. It was found in
Cyprus and is now in the Louvre mu
seum at Paris.
Women usually find ways of having
things done when they want others to
do them, and a North side woman
seems to take the prize, if the tale of
the husband can be believed. Recent
ly the wife gave him a sealed letter,
with instructions not to open it until
he reached his office. He did as di
"I am obliged to tell you something
that will pain you," the letter read.
"There is, however, no help for it.
You shall know all. I have felt for
some time that it must come to this.
I can remain silent no longer.
"You must bear part of this trouble
yourself, and do not overwhelm me
The husband's face was ghastly, and
cold perspiration stood out on his
brow. He was prepared for the worst.
Trembling, he read on:
"I have asked you to order a load
of coal. Maybe you will not forget it
The coal was delivered that after
noon.-Pittsburg Gazette Times.
Blindness of Justice.
Rastus was on trial, charged with
stealing $7.85. He pleaded not guilty,
and,. as lie was unable to hire an at
torney, the judge appointed Lawyer
Clearem as counsel. Clearem put up a
strong plea in defense, and Rastus was
Counsel and client met a few min
utes later outside the courtroom.
"Now, Rastus," said Clearem, "you
know the court allows the counsel very
little for defending this kind of case. I
worked hard for you and got you clear.
I'm entitled to much more pay than
I'm getting for my valuable services,
and you should dig up a good-sized fee.
Have you got any money?"
"Yes, boss," replied Rastus, "I still
done got dat seben dollahs and eighty
"Look here," exclaimed young Mr.
Cotter Tartar, in desperation, "is this
or is it not a wedding tour?"
"Why of course," snapped young
Mrs. C. T. "It's our wedding tour.
What on earth did you think it
"Well, rm beginning to think it's
a lecture tour. Now cut it out, seert.
THE MOTOR CAR OF THE RAIL
Vehicles for Railroad Officials That
Now Take the Place of 8pe
ElDorado, Okla.-As the motor car
Is becoming the chief vehicle of travel,
pleasure and business, so the motor
car is becoming one of the most use
ful articles on the railroad lines. Thir
ty years ago no one knew of the pos
sibilities of gasoline as a power pro
It is only recently that the gasoline
motor car has come into use on the
railroads. The engineers and operat
ing officials often are required to make
trips over the line on inspection.
Sometimes they can have a private car
attached to a regular train, but this
sort of inspection is often unsatisfac.
tory on account' of the speed of the
Old and New Style Car.
train. A special inspection train is
The inspection cars have long been
In use, but the steam cars are giving
place to the gasoline car. The accom
panying picture shows the steam in.
spection car Dot used by Atchison, To.
peka & Santa Fe officials for many
years. The car was built in Chicago
and was often operated over the main
line and later taken to the New Mer
Lco division and used there four years
In inspection trips. It was operated
by a steam engine of its own. J. N.
Steen was the engineer, fireman, con
luctor and brakeman of this train, for
,t was always operated under special
,rain orders. Steen is now in charge
f the Santa Fe pumping plant at
his place. He operated the car for
hree years. Some years ago the Dot
net a work train between La Joya
Lnd Alam~llo, N. M., and that was the
and of it. No one was injured in the
rreck. The Santa Fe had several cars
ike the Dot.
The other picture shows the new
Ityle of inspection car used by Santa
!e officials. It is a gasoline driven
L-cylinder engine that will drive the
:ar twenty miles an hour.
DESTRUCTIVE PEST IN BRAZIL
Ant Found In Large Numbers Which
Attacks and Destroys the
Rio Janerio, Brazil.-The "cupim"
is a Brazilian ant that is particularly
destructive of lumber. They are
found in the forests of Brazil in great
numbers. They attack the native
woods, hard and soft, as soon as it
has been felled, working from the out
side directly toward the heart, and
burrowing longitudinally, they honey.
comb and destroy in a manner simi
lar to the toredo.
Pine lumber was imported from the
United States for railway construc
tion and until nearly two years after
Nest of the Cuplm.
its use their attacks on it were not
noticed; after about that period of
time, however, a section cut from a
floor joist disclosed the heart prac
They work in the dark, building tun
nels of mud on the outside of the
bark, and vertical shafts of mud from
the ground to the under side of tizp
ber stored in piles. They will de
stroy almost anything but steel and
concrete. The ridgepoles, three or
tour inches in diameter, in palm
shacks have been destroyed in two
The illustration from the Bulletin
of the Pan-American Union show the
nest of the "cupim" on a growing
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
;IOTHING DOING, IMA HOGG,
LEMON PEEL ARE EXAMPLES.
Appeals for Legal Change of Name
Show That Much Practical
Joking Is Practiced on
Chicago.-Naming the baby is' In
most families, quite properly, a seri
ous affair, in which every member is
interested. No name can be too
beautiful, too poetic, too melodious,
for that small, pink-faced person to
bear through life; no name can be
associated with too illustrious a per
sonage of history, too fascinating t
character in romance. From the
great G. W. and King Arthur down
ward, baby is good enough to be any
body's namesake. Such is the usual
attitude of parents, with which the
world sympathizes while it smiles.
Nevertheless, it is surprising to what
names, and conjunctions of names,
reckless or cruelly jocular parents
will condemn their children. Eng
lish records of recent years reveal
that Robert New named his two sons
Nothing and Something. Mr. Mixer,
Mr. Peel and Mr. Codd named their
respective babies Pepper, Lemon and
Salt; while Mr. Ware's little girl be
came China and Mr. Gentle's Always.
An appeal for legal 'change of
name allowed the general public to
learn that the brothers Pigg bore the
Christian names of Black, Brown, Gay
and Guinney! Their request, it is
needless to say, was promptly grant
ed. The unfortunate twins Sudden
Death and Jolly Death showed a yet
further abuse of parental privilege in
their cognomens; but they did not
change them. Practical joking at the
expense of helpless infants is cer
tainly unpardonable. It is said to
be less rare in this country than
across the water, although James S.
Hogg, governor of Texas, named his
daughter Ima. Every one in society
in Texas knows Ima Hogg. An ex
traordinary instance of the bestowal
of striking names upon a whole fam
ily of ten children was reported re
cently. Mr. and Mrs. Million of Ore
gon could never, it seems, quite
agree upon names entirely satisfac
tory to both, so as a matter of con
venience they had resorted to num
bers. The official of a nnancial con
cern says that when the names of
subscribers to the bond issue pro
posed by that concern were sent in
one was that of Ten Million. It was
naturally supposed to be an as
sumed name, and a letter was sent
to the address given, rather sharply
stating that bonds could be regis
tered in real names only, and that
no further attention would be paid
to his subscription unless he gave
his real name.
An explanatory note was soon re
ceived from Mr. Million, written upon
paper bearing the printed letterhead
of a firm of Million & Million, re
iterating his own name, and adding
those of his brother and sisters. One,
Two, Three, Four, F!ve, Six, Seven
(his partner), and the rest. As the
Million children-that is, as the ten
Million-at least, as the ten children
by the name of Million grew up
most of them, he admitted, had ngodl
fled their numeral prefixes; the
Misses One and Three Million, for
example, becoming Nina and
Trio, while Ten himself was common
ly known as Tenis. Legally, how
ever, his name still remained un
changed, and in the eyes of the law
he was Ten Million.
HER TEETH WENT ASTRAY
New Jersey Spinster Writes Postmast,
or General Hitchcock for Her
Lost Upper Plates.
Washington.-A New Jersey spin
ster entrusted her false teeth to the
mails and they went astray. Recent
ly Postmaster General Hitchcock re
ceived the following appeal from her:
"Dear Sir-I suppose you have re
ceived a note from the Camden post
master that the upper plates of my
teeth have been lost in. the mails
They were mailed at Camden. I
should like very much to hear from
you. If you are unfortunate enough
to have store teeth you know how
inconvenient it is to have to do with.
out them, and I have not had them
even a year. I paid $55 for them
and I cannot afford to g't any more
just now. So will you kindly do
what you can for me and as quick
ly as possible."
"P. S.-They were very good teeth."
The postmaster general put one of
the best inspectors in the service on
the job to find the missing ivories.
Woman Breaks Wildcat's Back.
Mountainair, N. M.-The man who
fights wildcats with his hands must
now take a back seat to Mrs. Samuel
Edwards, of this place, who killed a
big bobcat with her two feet. She dis
covered the animal in her farmyard
where her little baby was at play. Un
armed, she took a running jump at
the beast, landing squarely on its
back, breaking its spine.
Convict Gets Saws In Food.
Sioux City, Ia.-Harry Clark, a pris
oner in the county jail, sentenced to
five years for shooting his mother-in
law, received a basket of toothsome
sandwiches from his wife. Jailer Mac
Dougall, suspicious of the shape of
some of the sandwiches, opened them
and discovered they contained a stick
of carbon, a bunch of insulated wire
and two fine steel saws
AN ODD LIVELIHOOD
BUG KILLING POWDERS ARK
MADE FROM "SNIPES."
Twp Men in St. Louis Gain a Living
by Picking Up Cigar and Cigarette
Butts That Are Thrown Away
by the Smokers.
St. Louis, Mo.-London wonders why
St. Louis is so wasteful of its half
smoked cigars. The Londoner has
heard that we are careless about tak
ing care of the cigar butts and cigar
ette snipes that fall on the streets
from day to day. Such wastefulness
is, unheard of in the "right little, tight
little island" overseas, where conserva
tion of matter is practiced to the last
In a report recently made by a com
mission from the London commercial
bodies, St. Louis is taken to task for
its seeming extravagance in this one
"We find," says this document,
"that no effort is made on the part
of the city or its citizens to take
advantage of this waste. There are
no individuals who make of this a
The members of this learned com
mission were surely wrong. They
have been misled and misinformed.
There are two or three St. Louisans
who make of this a means to a liveli
hood. It is a twilight task in St.
Louis. Late in the afternoon or early
in the evenings these forlorn individ
uals pace the middle, the right and
the left of the street in search of the
dead and altogether moribund cigar
butt. Neither do they pass by in
scorn the stubs of the cigarette.
Two St. Louisans make a livelihood
by gathering these remnants of the
smokers' delight and grinding them
into dust. The cigar ends are gath
ered by the sackful. A sharpened
umbrella handle of steel is used by
the gatherer. Armed with this and
equipped with a cavernous bag slung
over his shoulders, he hies him forth
about the time that the downtown
crowds start homeward. Snipe after
snipe and butt after butt is impaled
upon the sharpened ferrule.
Ground up, these cigar ends become
insect powders and bug destroyers.
Housewives buy them to drive away
the plagues that beset the rubber
plant and maiden hair fern. Garden
ers use these to discourage the atten
tions of the white moth among the
early cabbages. Florists use this bug
dust in order to exterminate the plant
lice that beset the outdoor flowers.
Only the Association of St. Louis
Cigar Dealers can guess how many
butts, snipes and ends bestrew the
streets at nightfall. They must run
into the tens of thousands. It is rich
picking for the snipe hunter, whatever
use he puts them to.
In the foreign cities the snipe hunt
er is an institution. Since Sirr Walter
Raleigh introduced the Indian weed
into Europe the hunter of cigar ends
has had an occupation. It is handed
down from father to son. It is
jealously guarded and bought and sold
like any other business. Small won*
der then that the visiting Britishers
were appalled by the seeming waste on
St. Louis streets.
WOULD HAVE THE HALOS SHED
College Head Tells Ministers to Shed
Their Shells and Learn More
of the World.
Lynn, Mass.-Ministers of the gos
pel, instead of spending their time in
the Sunday school and ladies' sewing
circles should get out and learn the
ways of the world; then they might
be able to talk intelligently on the
subject of religion," said President
Frederick W. Hamilton of.-Tufts col
lege in an address before a large gath
ering of clergymen at the Universal
ist convention in this city.
Continuing, he said: "Ministers
should come out of their shells, for
there is no longer any halo about the
profession. People have become
weaned from the idea of worshiping
a man because he wears clothes of a
Nude Girl Balks at Rescue.
New York.-"I'd rather die in the
flames than be rescued without any
clothes on," cried fIolly Cohen, eigh
teen years old, when the Brooklyn
firemen broke into her room at 101
Belmont avenue, East New York.
The girl first hid behind the bed and
then, when a fireman moved toward
her through the smoke, she took refuge
in the next room. A few of her gar
ments, lying around on the chairs and
bureau, were thrown in to her, and
after a hasty toilet she reappeared
and was hustled downstairs and into
Lost Nearly Fifty Yearse
Goshen, N. Y.-General Henry L.
Burnett, former United States attor
ney, who has a summer home near
Goshen, received by registered mail
from Chicago a keywinder silver watch
that had been despatched to him by
messenger during the Civil war and
never reached him. A relative of
General Burnett came across the
watch in a Chicago jewelry store re
Lightning Is Useful.
York, Pa.-A stroke of lightning in
a brief electrical storm which passed
over Felton, this county, helped along
the house-cleaning at the home of Mrs.
Michael G. Flinchbaugh. The bolt
neatly pulled the tacks from the ear.
pets and even from the linoleum is