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QUARRELED OVER TREE
IT HAS COST 50,000 RUPEES AND A DOZEN LIVES. Long Series of Feuds Between Two Bengal Estates Ended by Caloutta Business Man. A certain mango tree, it appears, in growing up would not observe the boundary line between two Bengal es tates and distributed its foliage and fruit impartially over both. As a con sequence the owners of the estates have spent about 50,000 rupees in litigation, killed a dozen people and fought the bitterest armed fights. During the bearing season the tree was productive of many mangoes. The first quarrel seems to have started among the women folks of the two families, who insisted that the man goes belonged to one, then the other. They even resorted to picking the mangoes at night until one party hap pened to catch the other poaching. A fight followed in which, it is said, two were killed. After this quiet reigned for some time, when the two principals met one day in a neighboring village and par ticipated in a free-for-all fight over the innocent tree. They were sep arated in a bloody condition and were fined by the police. Then followed a long series of feuds and battles cov ering a period of many years, during which the tree yielded its luscious fruit to the one who happened to be cunning enough to pick it first. Final ly both sides established armed guards around the tree and kept watch on each other night and day. This went on with occasional fights, for several years. It was a case of one trying to wear the other one out. Thousands of rupees were paid out for these special parties and fines, for burials of victims, court expenses and ammunition. It was not until just re cently that a prominent business man of Calcutta was able to settle the dis pute. He asked the two land owners to jointly deed the tree to him in re turn for many favors he had rendered both of them. This was finally done and he has caused a large cement cir cular wall to be erected about the tree, to which he has acquired full title and possession. The quarrel has not only been ex pensive and fatal, but has kept a com munity in a constant state of hostility for many years. Any one traveling in eastern Bengal can easily hear the story and visit the scene of the feud, if sufficiently interested in the case. The gentleman whose strategy saved the situation desires that his name should remain unknown.-Calcutta Englishman. Through the Lines. The young man who had come with In an inch of being run over, said he always butted across the street that way to keep folks from finding out he was .a country chap unused to city ways. "If I should hang back," he said, Ueverybody would take me for a greenhorn, and I want people to think that I at least know how to cross the street city fashion." "But the real town man doesn't cross the street in that bull-dog fash ion," said a gray-haired relative. "He drifts with the tide. Instead of butting through the middle of a wagon he ambles along beside-it watching for an opening. Sometimes he is carried a block out of his way in the midst of vehicles before he finds a way out, but he is never in danger because he is going with the current. So if you want to be set down as a man who knows the life of city streets, don't break through a heavy line of traffic by main force, but follow the stream and take advantage of the point of least resistance." Prayer Halls In Rusala. In the villages of Russia the "prayer hall" is the common "laba" or cottage of a Stundist mujik, or a shed attach. ed to a very primitive farmshed sur rounded by prodigious quantities of mud, dust or snow, according to the season of the year. A separate build ing erected expreshly for worship among the rural evangelicals of Rus ale is a luxury yet to be provided in the great majority of cases. The meeting place, whether "izba" or Qut house, has walls of earth. It is with out ceiling. The floor is the bare earth, trodden hard by many feet through the lapse of long years, and worn into lumps and hollows. The walls are lime washed and destitute of decoration or adornment. There are rough wooden benches around and across the room. The place is usu ally packed to suffocation with men, women and children, crowded on the seats, thronging the doorways, and huddling together on the top of the huge stove.-Sunday at Home. Making Money Rapidly. A French newspaper has been cal culating what various champions gain b"y the hour or by the mile. The gains of Andre Beaumont, the aviator, work out at almost $37 a mile. He cannot compare with the winner of the Grand Prix at Longchamps, As d'Atout, who won money at the rate of $24,000 a minute, or $38,400 a mile. Automobile driving in 1905 paid a winner. Thery, at the rate of $58 a mile, or $3,857 an hour. The chief bi cycle prize of France pays about $1, 066 a mile, or from $200 to $400 a minute, but the tour of France for bicycles, whrein men have just cycled more than .n000 miles around France during the hot wave, only pays 65 cents a mile TELLS ,WHEN WATER BOILS tovel Alarm Arrangement Invented by a German for the Benefit of the Cook. The secret o~ good tea lies in pour ing hot water dver the leaves just as the water has come to a boil. If the water has had a chance to boil a while, some of the air in it passes off mnd the taste of the tea is mdch in terior. Of course a cook cannot stand tround the kettle waiting for the ex tct instant the water comes to a )oil, so a German invented an alarm :o tell just when that moment was 'eached. Two metal arms extend out -V ALAR? aver the spout of the kettle and are ,onnected by wires to an electric bell. When the ends of the arm meet a cir :uit is formed which rings the bell. These points of contact are separated when the kettle is put over the fire by means of a lump of sugar placed between the two. The first puffs of steam that issue from the spout, just is the water is beginning to boil, melt the sugar and bring the arms togeth er, ringing the bell. The cook then pours the water over the tea leaves at once. COFFEE BREAD THAT IS FINE It Contains Chopped Nuts and is Cov ered With Caramel and Orange Slices. Half pint each of liquid yeast and water, one tablespoonful of lard, one teaspoonful of salt, one-half cupful of white sugar, one-half cupful of chopped nut meats, one cupful of stale light bread crumbs, and flour to make a stiff dough. Knead until elastic and glossy. Cover and place to rise. When well risen, which should be in two hours, work in one large well beaten egg. Dip into a shallow bak ing pan to the depth of little over one. half inch. When light bake for thirty minutes in a moderate oven; keep covered for first ten minutes of bak ing. Make a caramel of one cupful of white sugar, a tablespoonful of water, and the same amount of grated orange peel. Let cool, and when the bread is cold pour the caramel over the top, smoothing with a knife, and dot with thin slices of sweet orange. The bread crumbs are a great improve ment and the result is a feathery, de licious coffee bread. Veal and Toast. For four persons take two and a half pounds of leg of veal, set in a trying pan with a tablespoon of but ter; brown on all sides; season with walt, pepper and paprika; then set in a stewpan with two cups of water, and the butter in which it has been browned. Slice over it one tomato, one onion, one carrot and one part of a bay leaf. Cover, let simmer and brown for three hours over fire very slowly. Now take a small package of white noodles, boil in salted water until tender, strain and fry in butter. Get ready' three cornered pieces of buttered toast and set your veal in the middle of a large chop platter, place the toast around it and put little heaps of fried noodles on the toast. Make a thick gravy of the remainder of the substance in the stewpan by adding a little water and thickening. Serve plain boiled potatoes with this and cover with gravy. Cherry Pudding. Soak three cups of stale bread crumbs until soft in milk to cover. Add a teaspoon of salt and a table spoon of sugar, grated nutmeg to flavor, and flour to make a batter stated with two teaspoons of baking powder. Add three well-beaten eggs and as many cherries as can be put in the batter. Fill buttered tin, leaving room for pudding to rise one third, steam two and one-half hours and serve hot with any sauce pre ferred. Tasty Way of Cooking Liver. Take quantity of liver required (calves' for preference), cut in thin slices, dip into mixture of flour, pep per, salt and parsley (chopped fine), with a few mixed dried herbs; fill a pie dish, pour into this sufficient wa ter to nearly cover, then slice potatoes and spread two or three layers over the top and cook in a slow oven for about one and a half hours. Serve very hot. Creamed Corn. Left-over corn on the cob should not be thrown away. Cut the corn from the cob and put it away in the re frigerator. At the next meal hour place it in a stew pan with sweet milk, thickened very slightly with a mixture of butter and flour made thin with a little of the milk, season to taste and serve in vegetable dish. SURF RIDING IS FINE CANAKA STANDS AMIDST THU SWIFT RUNNING WAVES. lack London's Vivid Description of This South Sea Amusement as Practiced at Waikiki Beach. Much has been written about the iative sport of surfriding in the South teas, but the following description 'rom London's "Cruise of the Snark," a novel and very vivid. The locality !eferred to is Waikiki beach, near HIonolulu: The trees grow right down to the salty edges of things, and one sits in :heir shade and looks seaward at a najestic surf thundering in on the beach to one's very feet. Half a mile )ut, where is the reef, the white head ng combers thrust suddenly skyward )ut of the placid turquoise blue 'and some rolling in to shore. And suddenly, out there where a )Ig smoker lifts skyward, rising like a teagod from out of the welter of Ipume and churning white, on the riddy, toppling, overhanging and lownfalling, precarious crest appears the dark head of a man. Swiftly he 'ises through the rushing white. His black shoulders, his chest, his loins, lis limbs--all is abruptly projected on )ne's vision. Where but the moment before was only the wide desolation Lnd invincible roar, is now a man, erect, full statured, not struggling rantically in that wild movement, not )uried and crushed and buffeted by !hose mighty monsters, but standing Lbove them all, 'calm and superb, pised on the giddy summit, his feet buried in the churning foam, the salt smoke rising to his knees, and all the rest of him in the free air and flashing lunlight, and he is .flying through the fir, flying forward, flying fast as the iurge on which he stands: He is a l(ercury-a brown Mercury. His heels ire winged, and in them' is the swift less of the sea. In truth, from out of the sea he has leaped upon the back ,f the sea, and he is riding the sea that roars and bellows and cannot shake him from its back. But no trantic outreaching and balancing is is. He is impassive, motionless as a Itatue carved suddenly by some mir tcle out of the sea's depths from which" ue rose. And straight on toward ihore he flies on his winged heels and he white crest of the breaker. There s a wild burst of foam, a long multi udinous rushing sound as the breaker alls futile and spent at your feet; Ind there, at your feet steps calmly tshore a Kanaka. Green Turtles of Indian Ocean. Concerning the great turtles of the southwest Indian ocean a traveler lays: "The chelonian, or green turtle Chelone mydas), is an animal of con liderable economic importance to the Itoil, for it still occurs in the vast Lordes which are so often described >y early voyagers in the tropics. Chere appear to be two distinct rroups-one resident and small in lumbers, the other migratory and vis ting the atoll to breed in numbers mpossible to estimate. "The latter arrives in December, Lnd from then to April the sea seems Clive with turtle. The females seek he small sand beaches and then as cend them with the rising tide, push ng themselves laboriously above high ide mark. Holes are then dug in the land by means of the fore flippers un 11 a satisfactory one is-obtained, and lhe eggs, 200 in number, are buried, he turtle returning to sea immediate 7. "After forty days the eggs hatch, ilmost simultaneously, and the young turtles dig their way up out of the land and go down to the sea in a long irocession in the course of which they iffer an easy prey to their enemies, he frigate birds and herons. Once in he sea sharks and other large fish tat them, and only 10 per cent. reach naturity." Smoke Dissipated. The practical way" to obviate the an toyance of smoke is to dissipate it fefore it leaves the chimney top in a .aseous volume. A.German professor relieves he has found a way to secure :his result without chemical or me shanical aid. Described in Die Umschau, the pro. !essor's chimney is perforated on all aides by ,what might be called little lorizontal windows. As the furnace imoke and gases rise they are mixed with air, both before and after emer fence, by the eddy forming action of he wind passing through the open. nges. From the time the smoke enters he chimney and reaches the height of he lower openings, which receive the wind from. any quarter, the intermin gling begins, and in each stage of its ipward movement the volume be. lomes less anti less. At t1he mouth of he chimney 'the outpour is compara 'ively small and so diluted with air ;hat only a sheet of dark blue smoke waving like a flag to the leeward is seen, where, under other conditions, :here would be a cloudlike column of lense black smoke a mile long. Chimneys constructed on the pro lessor's plan look not unlike windowed lowers. A Cool Costume. Rather startling is the announce hent in a seaside paper that "tan Ihoes are very much worn this sum ner.' Hundreds of the cottages wear tothing else." A pair of tan shoes Iertainly makes a very cool costume, NOVEL BUT TOO ELABORATE Device for Separating Whites and Yolks of Eggs Invented by an Oregon Man. An ingenious but rather elaborate egg separator has been invented by an Oregon man. A concave plate with a lip on one side has a yolk-receiving socket and a revolving cup, mounted on a lever, fits down over this socket. By bringing the cup down the egg is Revolving Arm Cleans Plate. cracked and the white flows out into the plate, while the yolk is retained in the socket. The cup also has a, cleaning arm extending from it and by turning the cup this arm can be made to clean the plate, the contents of which can be poured through the lip into the cup or other receptacle waiting. Of course the yolk of the egg is not broken in this operation or It would run into the white. As it is, the yolk and shell are removed from the cup of the separator afterward. The experienced cook, however, would probably regard such an apparatus as more interesting than necessary. CUCUMBER CUPS ARE GOOD Salad-Like Dish That Is Attractive and Not at All Difficult to Make. To make cucumber cups pare large, well-shaped cucumbers, cut each in four pieces crosswise, and cut a slice off the two ends so that they will stand cuplike; hollow out the centers, stand the cups on a few leaves of lettuce and fill with the tartar sauce, arranging the left-over bits of cu cumber at the base. To prepare the sauce set a bowl on some pieces of ice, and put into it a saltspoonful each of mustard and salt, with two of sugar, and a pinch of cayenne; drop in the yolks of two eggs, stir until mixed and begin whisk ing with a wire whisk while you add slowly a gill of olive oil, diluting, for fear it should become too thick, with three teaspoonfuls, gradually, of vin egar. When ready to serve add a tea spoonful each of chopped capers, pick les, parsley, olives and shallots, and a few drops of Tarragon vinegar. Those who go in for changes may like this better than the ever-delicious plain French dressing, for tablespoon fuls of olive oil beaten with pepper and salt, and then, still beating, a tablespoonful of vinegar, drop by drop, on thinly sliced cucumber. Compote of Cherries. Cook together one cup of sugar and three-fourths of a cup of water until a thick syrup. Drop into the syrup tree cups pitted cherries, tart ones preferred, and let them just come to a boil. Take from the fire, let them stand twenty minutes, then return and simmer gently until tender, but not broken. With a skimmer remove and put into a compote dish. Pour into the syrup remaining in the kettle a half cup currant juice or the same amount of pineapple juice that has been drained from a can of fruit. Cook until thick, pour over the cherries, then stand in a cold place until ready to serve. Lemon Pie. Line pie plate with crust and bake. Make crust with two cups of flour and one-half cup of lard, a little water and teaspoon salt. Take double boiler and put in a cup of sugar with two rounding tablespoons flour. Mix well. Grate the rind of one lemon; add the juice and yolks of three eggs, with salt. Stir all together and add a cup of boiling water. Cook until thick. Beat the whites of the three eggs, add sugar and spread over the filling and brown in the oven. Eggs on Toast-Anchovy. Make thin slices or crisp toast of moderate thickness. Butter lightly while hot, cut in pieces of equal size, rounds or diamonds, spread each piece with anchovy paste. Put a pint of hot water into a stew pan with flour, tea spoon of vinegar and half a teaspoon. ful salt; place it over the fire and while boiling break the eggs into it near the surface of the water and let it boil gently about three minutes. Put one poached egg on each piece of anchovy toast. Wagon Grease, Grass or Tar Stains. If garments stained by tar or wagon grease are first washed in cold soap suds, the stains will be eradicated. White dresses can be freed of grass stains by touching the spots with alco hol before washing. For pitch, stains. first grease with lard and then use soap and cold water. Turpentine will also remove these stalns.-The House. keeper. E MRS. SLAPDASH EMED d-. 'MACHINE" MEANT NOTRING BUT AUTOMOBILE TO HER, So She Has Her Say Before Mrs Mousegray Can Explain It Is a Sewing Machine. "My machine," began the meek lft tle lady. "Oh, yes, your machine," broke in Mrs. Slapdash hurriedly. "Are you having trouble with it? Now, really, that's too bad! We have a machine that never gives us the slightest cause for worry. Why, Mrs. Mouse gray, we drove out to Osprey last week-80 miles and return-and we did not find it necessary to make a single repair, either on the road or after we reached home. Mr. Goggles by-our neighbor, you know-says that it is a truly wonderful perform ance. But, then, you understand, we have one of the new 1912 model Hur ry-ups." "But my machine," began Mrs. Mousegray again. "Yes, yes, I know!" went on Mrs. Slapdash breezily. "You really should have taken expert advice before buy ing. Of course, you not having lived here very long, I don't know all of the circumstances; but I am certain that you would have found it to your advantage. When I say expert advice, I do not mean the advice of those horrid, insistent salesmen; they, of course, desire only to advertise the merits of their own machines. But there are plenty of owner-drivers like Mr. Slapdash or myself-who would cheerfully have given you the benefit of their experience." ,, "I ought to tell you," broke in the meek little lady-"I ought to tell you that when I spoke of my machine I did not mean-" "I know you didn't mean to say that it is any better than other machines, my dear. I did not suppose that you intended any vulgar, boasting. We Mr. Slapdash and myself-have been through just what you are undergoing now, and I assure you that we would have appreciated a little valuable ad vice at the right moment. That, of course, explains my interest in your trouble. We tried a dozen different makes, and finally chose the 1912 'Hurryup' because it runs easily-" "But, Mrs. Slapdash," interposed Mrs. Mousegray, "my machine runs as easily as I could wish; and I think you mistake my meaning because my machine is-" "Now, Mrs. Mousegray, please do not believe that I am trying to belittle your machine. I wouldn't do it for the world! I only thought that perhaps you intended purchasing a new ma chine and Mr. Slapdash and I-I hope you are not offended!" "0, not at all!" deprecated Mrs. Mousegray. "But. please let me ex plain. The shuttle on my machine does not work properly, and I only wanted to ask you if you could tell me where I can get a man to fix it." "The shuttle? The shuttle? What make is your machine?" questioned Mrs. Slapdash, wonderingly. "That's what I wanted to tell you," replied Mrs. Mousegray. "It's a ball bearing, lock-stitch sewing machine." -Judge. Eels for the Irish. When so many hard things are be ing said about the house of lords it should be kept in mind that they have just affirmed the claim of certain Irish men to the exclusive right to fish for eels in Lough Neagh for a period of five thousand years from July 1, 1905. It is an affirmation that'raises an in quiry as to whether or not the people of Ireland eat eels. Scots-even Lon don Scots-never touch them, and a Scotch angler, catching an eel, prompt ly throws it away. Eels used to be associated with snakes, "and just as men of every race entertain an in stinctive horror for snakes," writes Sir Herbert Maxwell, "so there re main traces of the same feeling about eels." It seems somewhat unkind of Sir Herbert to state that most civilized races have overcome this long ago, and. then to add that there exists among the Scots a strong and uni versal prejudice against eels.-London Chronicle. Was the Culprit Himself. A tall, urbane man, with a black mustache, was a guest at a fashion. able dinner in New York not long ago, when the lady on his right, after mentioning that she had just returned from a trip to Europe, proceeded to "roast" William LOeb Jr., the col' lector of customs for the city. She panned that official to a rich, dark brown, and did it in such a witty manner that the tall, urbane gentle man laughed uproariously. "I think the appropriate death for him," she said, "would be choking with Irish lace-and I'd like to contribute some of the lace for the purpose." After dinner she asked her hostess: "What was the name of the black-mustached man on my left, dear? He talked so intelligently about the custom house." "I should think he would," replied the hostess. "That was Loeb himself!" Had He Kept Count? Ethel-All is over between us. Here are your presents. A gold locket and chain. a diamond ring, and a pearl necklace. Herbert-There are some other things I gave you, I insist upon being returned! Ethel-What are they? Herbert - Seven thousand, three hundred and fifty-one kisses. WNAT IS A HUSBANDETTE? Emancipated Woman Coins This New. Word for Spouse Who Hampers His Wife's Progress. We are indebted to the undaunted sisterhood marching on toward eman cipation, and whose success we can. noW -scarcely doubt, for the new word i'husbandette." Compacted into that rather imposing-looking word, we may imagine some of the. asperity that doesn't otherwise get itself ex pressed in the caustic oratory that marks the meetings of the more ad vanced battlers for the right as against masculine oppression. We are told that a husbandette is "a married man who will neither fol low nor accompany his wife in her political flights, nor is he willing to permit her to broaden mentally and politically. He prefers her to keep her ideas of freedom shut up in a tiny space. Also," continues this enlighten er, "the'husbandette is to the modern woman what the kitchenette is to the modern apartment." With this further explanation, we are rather more confused than if the architecturally domestic simile had not been subjoined to the description that preceded it. To the grave and for the most part unimaginative male mind, "husband ette," from its very orthography. would more readily suggest the defer ential person united by the law and by annexation and subjugation to the superior being who says: "I and Mr. Smith think thus and so." The suffix "ette" in its English usage indicates something inchoate, not fully in possession of its po*ers and faculties, still nebular, perhaps, with potentialities that may or may not find development according to the removal or nonremoval of hindrances natural or artificial. In this inanimate world its meaning is clear enough. A wagonette is a lit tle wagon, or a lighter one than the standard; a serviette a small napkin, pantalette an abbreviated trouser. It is for this reason of its implication of diminution that "kitchenette" means an abridged kitchen. Hus bandette would thus by extension, as the lexicographers say, be an abridged husband, which is as near as we can come to what we are driving at.-St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Tact That Made Friends. There is on record a tale of a pinch of snuff that turned enemies into friends. A well-known tobacco and snuff manufacturer's son entered one of the crack English cavalry regi ments, to the great disgust of the aristocratic "gentlemen and officers" thereof. It was privately decided to make the intruder feel that he was not wanted in that exclusive unit of the service, and a neat plan was formed with that object. As soon as the des sert was over and the wine was on the rounds, on the first night he ap peared at mess his brother officers simultaneously took out their pocket handkerchiefs, and then ensued what was more like a sneezing competition than anything else. The one for whose benefit this little hint was intended looked around a moment in mild as tonishment before taking in the im port of the display. Then he rose, dignified and calm, and with the polit est air in the world, "Gentlemen," he said, taking out a silver-mounted snuff box, "allow me to offer you a pinch of my father's very best snuff." From that moment all antagonism was at an end. Photographing the Sea Bottom. In France experiments have been made that promise considerable suc cess in submarine photography. A specially constructed camera was car ried down by a diver to a depth of twenty-two or twenty-three feet, and, with an exposure of half an hour, negatives were obtained which were fairly satisfactory. It was found that the best results were obtained by placing a blue glass in front of the lens. It is intended to have improved lenses specially con structed for underwater work in France. Flashlight photographs of the sea bottom during a storm have been ob tained. This light was furnished by an alcohol lamp fed by a reservoir of oxygen. Magnesium powder was pro jected into the flame through a tube from the shore. It is thought that such flashlight photographs may be made at any depth to which a diver may descend.-Harper's Weekly. A Vain Precaution. Lord Talbot De Malahide was talk ing in New York about the thorough ness of the customs investigations, "The smuggler," he said, "is bound to be detected if he tries his little game in your metropolis. The smug gler's precautions against detection at this admirably-managed port are as vain and ludicrous as the precautions of the dreaming Irishman. "An Irishman, you know, once dreamed that he was visiting the late Queen Victoria. "'Will you have a drink?' the queen said to him. "'I will,' said the Irishman. 'A drop of Irish, av coorse, hot by preference, your majesty.' "So the queen put on the kettle, but when the water boiled, the noise awoke the dreamer. "'Holy St. Patrick!' said he, 'I'll take it cold next time!'" Consolation. Mrs. Newgold (in the picture gal lery)-This, Aunt Eunice, is a real old master. Aunt Eunice-Well, I shouldn't care if it was; it's just as good as some of the new ones.-Life.