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The Libby herald. [volume] (Libby, Mont.) 1911-1913, October 26, 1911, Image 1

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THE LIBBY HERALD
VOL. 2, NO. 20 LIBBY, LINCOLN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1911 $2.00 PER YEAR
HIGHWAY
ALONG THE
KOOTENAI
Libby and Tobacco Plainsmen
Were Working to Connect
Two Sections 12 Years Ago.
A public highway connecting the
Tobacco Plains with the west end
of the Kootenai Valley is not a
dream conjured up by the present
agitation for a road and bridge bond
issue.
All oldtimers will remember that
twelve years ago a commercial club
was organized in Libby and this
propositton among others was taken
up, just as the present club of
boosters is pushing along the road
bridge scheme under consideration.
At that time Jack Clark and Bert
Armstrong were appointed a com
mittee to view a' road and make a
report. The route they examined
was from Libby to Jennings and
thence up on the opposite side of
the river to White's Landing. No
account was taken of ferry cross
ings because it was assumed that
private parties would be glad to
provide them for the toll revenues.
Their estimates were $5,ooo to
build the road and at a mass meet
ing of Plains people held at Tobac
co and attended by some of the
heaviest taxpayers it was decided
to raise $2,00o to build this road,
as against $2,000 by Libby and the
county (Flathead) to contribute
$1,ooo.
This section Was practically con
sidered "foreign territory" by Flat
head county and the $i,ooo appro
priation was viewed with holy hor
ror by the commissioners and the
project fell through.
But times and conditions have
changed. The settlement followed
the railway on this side of the river
and the people want a public high
way where it will do the greatest
good to the greatest number, which
is why the election, proclamation
under which we vote on the 28th,
specifically calls for the road to
pass down the river on the east and
south sides from R.exford to Troy
The people of the Plains were
eager years ago to connect with the
"west end" with a public high
way, and if it was a desirable pub
lic improvement then it is many
times more so today.
Don't let spitework, prejudice or
other selfish motives warp your
jutgmeut on this important mat
ter. Here is a well-defined plan to
connect all parts of the county,
BEAR STORY IN WHICH FORMER LIBBY BOYS FIGURE
The following account of a bear
story is taken from a local paper
published in the Coeur d'Alenes,
and as two of the principals are
well known here a repetition of the
story will be of local interest :
Bear meat is plentiful in the vi
oinitv of the Twin Cities as a result
of an excursion taken into the hills
beyond Murray by Fred McCrory,
Oscar Reynolds, Mike Reedy and
Rufe Dunlay. Five black bear
were the result of the work of the
men and of the finest pack of Air
dales ever collection in this section.
One of the dogs, the pick of the
lot, paid for his fun with his life,
however, a she-bear maiming him
in her fight for life.
The party started out from Kel
logg Sept. 24, and left Murray to
pack up to the head of Eagle creek,
on the Montana-Idaho line. They
encountered their first two bear
Oct. ,: when} o9n weighing 300
from which a complete system o
communication can be built whicl
will benefit every man, woman an(
child in Lincoln county.
Vote for the road and bridge
bonds so that we may receive the
benefits in our lifetime and so con
ditioned that the future generatiot
will assist in the payment .of these
improvements, in which they wil
be the beneficiaries to such large
degree.
BRO. SOUTHWICK SHOULD BE GOOD
Columbian : Editor Southwick
of the Western News shot a deer
on the opening day of the season,
According to the rules of the pro
fession, and in view of all the ven.
ison steaks he has devoured at the
hands of his charitable subscribers,
he should send a small-sized slice
to all his brother newspaper men
in the county, which of course in.
eludes Flathead.
Wants a State-Wide
Policy for Good Roads,
There is scarcely an exchange
reaching this office that does not
have something to say on the sub.
ject of improved highways. It iE
becoming a leading question all
over the country and from tenor o1
comments in our state papers, Mon.
tana will not be behind any com
monwealth in this progressive
movement. A recent issue of the
Anaconda Standard has this perti
nent observation :
"There isn't a state within the
whole circuit of the Union where
the road problem is more practical
or vital than it is right here in
Montana. All the going talk-the
air is filled with it-about our own
state's golden future is associated
with the eve-present fact that good
highways are a chief factor in con
nection with the development of
our immense acre'age resource. It
is well enough to take account of
continental projects. What most
we need is to center Montana
thought and talk on county high
ways and tonnage roads and local
work and a state-wide policy. Our
people will make a stupid mistake
if, in anticipation of the next legis
lature's business, they fix their at
tention upon politics and senator
ships and the like, to the neglect
of a well-defined policy concerning
the building of good roads."
A well-defined plan for a high
way syitem in Lincoln county has
been formulated, and the first im
portant step in this direction will
be decided next Saturday, Oct. 28,
when the voters will pass upon a
bond issue of $125,ooo to be ex
pended in carrying out this plan.
Saturday next, Oct. 28, you will
have an opportunity to join this
progressive movement.
ponds and a yearling were shot
after the dogs had rounded them
up. McCrory and Reedy then re
turned home while Reynolds and
Dunlap staid in the timber.
The next three bears wete trailed
into a hole by 'Don,' a year-old
pup. The dogs went into the
cave and then followed one of the
hottest fights the dogs ever experi
enced- The old bear threw her
cubs out ahead of her and then
sailed into the dogs with the result
that 'King,' one of the prize dogs,
was given his death wound. The
other dogs, however, downed the
bear and the two hunters shot it
and then went after the cubs.
Reynolds owned four of the dogs,
Dunlap owned two and Reedy and
McCrory jointly owned the other
two, including the one killed, an
animal worth $150.
The hides of the five bear are all
in Spokane being tanned and are
said to be in prime c9gndition,
BOND TAX NOT
BURDENSOME
Will the issuance of $125,000 of
bonds for roads and bridges be a
burden to the people? The Eure
ka Journal in its last issue, in its
endeavor to defeat the building of
roads and bridges, seeks to arouse
the false issue of the burdens of
taxation.
Lincoln county has $5,500,000 of
assessed valuation and with its
rapid development it is safe to say
will be $6,ooo,ooo next year. The
interest on the $125,ooo of bonds
will be $6250 annually, or it will
take a tax levy of .ooi of one mill
to pay the interest. This will
amount to $I on an assessed valua
tion of $r,ooo.
Let us present a concrete exam
ple for the consideration of the Eu
reka Journal. The assessed valua
tion of the entire plant, outside of
real property, is $400. The real
property and improvements are as
sessed at $395--a total of $795.
This assessed valuation, assuming
the county does not increase any,
would mean an increase of 79/
cents taxes to the Eureka Journal
and its owner.
Would the Eureka Journal, to
save 79/ cents annually, deprive a
single citizen of a good road to his
property ?
Would the Eureka Journal have
any intending settler in Lincoln
county drive through the mud and
over poor roads to save 79/ cents
taxes?
Would the Eureka Journal com
pel our citizens to continue the use
of ferries, which are to say the
Help Forest Homesteader
The headquarters of the Koote
nai National forest, Libby, has re
ceived a circular letter from the de
partment in regard to surveys of
homesteads in national forests,
which cuts out an important item
of expense to the settler. The new
arrangement is of great importance
to settlers in the Kootenai district,
and especially in the Yahk basin,
where none of the land has ever
been covered by the public lands
survey and where more than one
hundred homesteads are being sur
veyed and opened to entry by metes
and bounds.
Settlers on national forests under
the act of Jtune, 1906, on unsur
veyed lands, or tracts listed by
metes and bounds, in the Kootenai
National forest, will no longer have
to pay for a survey, as they have
had to in the past, on surveyed
land, when the claim goes to pat
ent. This relieves many settlers
under the act, commonly known as
Forest Homestead Law, from a bur
densome expense. Reliet from this
burden has been brought about by
an agreement between the secre
tary of the interior and the secre
tary of agriculture, whereby sur
veys made by employes of the for
est service will be under the super
vision of the surveyor general, so
that they can be accepted by the
general land office as final.
Hitherto it has been necessary to
make two surveys. Under the terms
of the forest homestead law, nation
al land cannot be opened to settle
ment unless the secretary of agri
culture has recommended to the
secretary of the interior that it be
listed for settlement ; and listing is
not possible until a survey has been
least a source of annoyance, to save
79/r cents annually?
Would the Eureka Journal, to
save 79$ cents taxes, stamp Lin
coln county an unprogressive and
undesirable community ?
Does the Eureka Journal con
sider 79$ cents additional taxes
burdensome ?
We use the Journal assessment
to show the absurdity of its own
argument.
Let no one be deceived by the
Journal's alleged sympathy for the
people's burdens. It will cost the
large non-resident taxpayers the
bulk of the tax. Every citizen can
well afford to increase his taxes the
paltry sum of $i per thousand dol
lars of valuation when he will in
crease his property vnlue too per
cent. Is it not a good business
proposition if, by paying $r a year
additional tax, you can increase
the value of your farm from $20 to
$60o an acre?
You can invest $z in roads and
bridges and make $50 in value in
one year-a fairly good investment.
The burdens of the Journal will
be 79/ cents and we trust the edi
tor will reduce the luxuries he now
enjoys so he can afford to contrib
ute 79Y cents for permanent roads
and bridges in Lincoln county.
The amount involved to the Jour
nal is too small and the burdens
too light to consider, Other rea
sons may be entertained by the
Journal, but the one given is but
the vaporings of a mind burdened
'with vaulting ambitions."
made. The secretary of agricnl
ture has no authority to list any
land unless an examination has
shown that the land is more suita
ble for agriculture than for forest
purposes. So, when land is ap
plied tor, employes of the depart
ment are sent to ascertain its char
acter, and at the same time make a
survey of it by metes and bounds,
if a survey is necessary.
This survey, however, could not
be accepted by the land department
as a basis for patent because only
surveys under the supervision of
the surveyor general can, under
the law, be accepted as a basis for
passing title. In consequeuce, un
der the procedure provided for
when patent is sought to unsur
veyed lands, the settler of land
within a national forest has had to
pay for a second survey. This has
been felt to be especially hard be
cause it has subjected settlers on
national forests to an expense which
settlers on surveyed public lands
do not have to bear, since it merely
duplicated the work of the first
snrvey, anti there seemed no reason
why this first survey might not
answer both for listing the land
and for patenting it.
The survey for listing, made by
forest officers, has always been
without expense to the prospective
homesteader. Under the new ar
rangement the field expenses of the
survey will continue to be paid by
the depaitment of agriculture, so
that the applicant will merely be
called on to meet the cost of check
ing up and platting the surveys by
the surveyor general. This will
remove one of the greatest objec
- Lons to the working of the forest
homestead law. The officials of
both the department of agriculture
and the department of the interior
are pleased that the way has been
found, through co-operation in the
surveys, to simplify the procedure,
cut out a duplication of work and
lessen the cost of settling upon ag
ricultural lands within national
forests.
A MOVE THAT SHOULD BE SUCCESSFUL.
During Senator Dixon's recent
visit to Kalispell the matter of hav
ing the West Fisher district and a
part of the Blackfeet reservation
placed in the Kalispell district, was
taken up with him and he prom
ised to see that the relief was af
forded. The West Fisher district
is in the Missoula district and the
Blackfeet reservation section is in
the Ilelena land district. Parties
having busiiness from these sections
before the land office are compelled
to travel great distances, which
means great expense to the parties
involved.
Sixteen Years Ago this Week
(Items culled from old Troy Times.)
A car of B. & B. ore was sent
from Troy to the Great Falls
smelter.
The Star Creek Mining & Mill
ing company was organized with
T. D. Farrow president.
A large number of filings of
Yahk claims was being sent in to
county clerk for record.
Preparations were being made at
Helena for the trial of Bill Gay,
well known in Wyoming, the Da
kotas and Montana. While a fugi
tive from Wyoming and pursued
by a possee, he killed a deputy
sheriff just across the line in this
state. Gay was a well known
character in the Black Hills and
had killed a man in the early days
of the camp for which he had
"done time."
W. L. Schlotter of St. Paul, tax
agent for the Great Northern, was
here this week checking up the
company's tax charges. The
Great Northern is the heaviest tax
payer in Lincoln county, their
share amounting to about two
fifths of the total.
The Great Northern is again in
the market for ties. The price for
firsts is 32c and seconds 15c. Ties
varying one inch or more over or
under eight feet will not be ac
cepted.
HERO MEDALS AWARDED BY CARNEGIE COMMISSION.
An Associated Press dispatch of
the 20th, dated at Pittsburg, an
nounces the award of a number of
bronze and silver medals by the
Carnegie Hero Fund commission at
its fall meeting as a recognition of
heroism in saving human life, or
in attemps, in which the life of the
hero was jeopardized. Eight ted
als went to Montana, of which
three were to Libby people. The
local recognition was :
Charles E. Marshall, silver medal
and $.,ooo toward purchase of
home. Attempted to save Mattie
Roderick from drowning at Libby,
Montana, June 15, 191o.
Harry E. Kuphal, silver medal
and $1,ooo as needed. Assisted
Marshall in above case.
William E. Dawson, bronze med
al and $S,ooo to liquidate indebt
edness. Saved Kuphal, Marshall
and Roderick.
The ferryboat calamity is still
fresh in the minds of our people.
In midstream the boat capsized
with seven on board, washing all
away except Mrs. Roderick, who
clung to tbe craft, Kuphal weet
SKEELS GETS
FLATTERING
COMPLIMENT
Eureka Paper Roasts Blackfeet
Forest Administration and'
Commends the Kootenai.
Without mentioning any names
the last issue of the Eureka Journal
pays a handsome compliment to
Dorr Skeels. supervisor of the Koo
tenai National forest, and his wise
and broadminded administration of
the affairs of his department. The
administration of the Kootenai for
est under Mr. Skeels is the same
as it has been since he was trans
ferred to this department, now cov
ering a period of more than two
years. Only a few weeks ago Mr.
Skeels was the target for some
pretty mean press stuff by our
northern friends, and it was even
sought to involve the county in an
attack upon him officially. A rec
ognition of his services under such
circumstances is the more gratify
ing to his many friends in the dis
trict which he so well serves. The
Journal says in part :
"The forestry affairs in Lincoln
county are apparently being ad
ministered by a Dr. Jekyll and Mr.
Hyde administration. In the Koo
tenai forest the settler is accorded
the kindest consideration and set
tlemeRt is encouraged. In the
Blackfoot forest the settler is tip
against it, in not only getting loca
tions, but in holding what he ac
quired.
"In the Blackfeet forest some of
the finest agricultural land in the
state is to be found, land that when
cleared one acre is worth ten or fif
teen in the dry land districts east
of the range. This land would be
settled, just as the land in the vi
cinity of Troy and Libby is being
settled, if the same encouragement
obtained at the hands of forestry
officials in charge.
"The settler in the Kootenai re
serve is living under a different bu
reau than that of his neighbor just
across an imaginary line into the
Blackfeet. It's a wonder some of
the silk stocking officials,who come
into the forest reserves to get an
idea of administrative affairs,would
not take the paint to meet some of
the poor settlers, who have griev
ances, and get a few facts hot off
the bat. We know where they
could get some mighty good, hot
stuff if they cared for more than
one side of the game. What the
people want is the land, and they
should be encouraged in getting it.
out hand over hand on the cable to
rescue the woman, when a floating
log pinned him to the boat, and
Marshall then went out on the
cable, but before he could get Ku
phal loose the cable parted.
When the cable gave way it went
down on the crowd on the shore,
killing John Mullinex and Theo.
Wall. Kuphal, on the boat, was
thrown into the river and was res
cued by Dawson. Marshall and
Mrs. Roderick, still clinging to the
boat, were later rescued by Daw
son, who had crossed the stream in
a rowboat.
Harmon, young Larkin and
Fredericks,boat passengers, reached
the shore safely. Frantz, the fer
ryman, Beecher Loucks and little
Frank Murray were drowned.
The award just made was a de
served recognition of brave acts
performed in time of great danger,
and the awful accident shows the
insecurity of ferry passage over
such a stream as the Kootenai. It
is a sad object lesson to our people
(Continued on last page.)

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