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VOL. NO. 21 LIBBY, LINCOLN COUNTY, MONTANA. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1911 $2.00 PER YEAR
PLACER MINES COMING TO THE FRONT Another big .hydraulic plant will soon be added to the Libby placer district. W. H. Graham last week purchased the Criderman interests on Libby creek and will work the ground on an extensive scale. Mr. Graham has also acquired the drill ing machine which has beeu oper ated there in test borings during the past summer with such satis factory results. The machine will be moved to the lower part of the Criderman ground for further bor ings, and it is at this point where the gravel will be worked by the hydraulic plant. On Monday last Mr. Graham, Foreman Sanders and Engineer Pratt went out with supplies to the camp to begin the preliminary work for putting the property in shape for machinery. Levels will be run and other engineering features at tended to, so that the property may be equipped upon a systematic plan along modern lines. Mr. Graham is from California, where he is familiar with the work ings of the great placer plants which keep the golden state in the front ranks today among the gold producers. He is a man of con siderable means and his acquisition to the mining interests of the Lib by district must be of decided ben efit in giving us ;pining on a prac tical, substantial scale. Butte and California, two of the greatest mining fields of America, are now actively identified with the Libby district, in both placer and quartz mining, and the local out look never looked as bright or has ever been upon such a firm foot ing. With mining, lumbering and acreage farming backing bhe town -a trinity of resurces on the eve of a wondertully active exploita tion-it must be a confirmed pessi mist indeed who cannot see that here a city will grow up second to none' in northwestern Montana. THE LOCAL FIELD AT TROY The Ladies' Aid society of the First M. E. church will again take up their work for the winter this week. Dr. Frye of Bonners Ferry was down Saturday to attend the infant son of Mr. and Mrs. .Bailey, who has been quite sick the past week. Winm. Rightbower and family re turned Saturday, after a two weeks' stay on their ranch. Chas. Drake held down the deputy sheriffship while Mr. Rightbower was absent. The show given by the -Grace Burgoyne company Friday night was fairly well attended, but the performance was a fizzle. Mrs. Kate E. Cantine, who has been visiting with Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Allen the past month, re turned to her home at Cherokee, Ia., Sunday. % Mrs. Cantine is a cousin of Lon Carle. M. L. Dean, state horticulturist, is endeavoring to secure a building here for the purpose of establishing a nursery stock inspection station. This is to simplify the nursery stock inspection by establishing one at each end of the state line on all railroads in the state. The Iola club gave their third tri-monthly dance Friday night, only members of the club being present. A good time is reported. Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Jack Coff man, a daughter, Sunday night. Jack was up bright and early Mon day with a sunny smile on. Mr. and Mrs. J.C. Martin are in Spokane for a few days' visit. Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Doonan and baby daughtet have gone to White fish and Kalispell to. visit friends. Members of the Eta Alpha club were entertained at the home of Mrs. A. F. Satran last week. Miss Emma Van Weyke of Ev erett, Wash., arrived Sunday to take up a position as waitress at the Windsor. Mi's Vau Weyke is a niece of Mrs. N. W. Morri.,on. Leo. Greenough, accompanied by 1 W. D. J. Strawberry and R.. E. Walters, arrived from Spokane Monday to inspect the B. & B. Mrs. E. Roberts of Spokane ar rived Monday to visit her daugh ter, Mrs. Jack Coffman. The young ladies of the Eta Alpha club gave a very elaborate Hallowe'en entertainment at the city hall Tuesday night. The hall was decorated with special care to meet the occasion. The hours were spent informally with witchcraft and games. Late in the evening refreshmepts were served. The ta bles were ladened with pumpkin pies and othe good things to eat. Vegetables were carved out to serve as dishes. The young ladies de serve great credit for their enter tainment, which was enjoyed by all in attendance. FOR TREASURER IN NEW COUNTY. J. A. Rose ("Archie"), who is well known in Eureka,where he was formerly connected with the Brad ley department store, and later be came cashier of a bank at Gildford, has been nominated for comity treasurer of the proposed new coun. ty of Hill. The convention was held at Chester last week, was non I partisan and attended by delegates f- rom all over the county. Archie s has many friends in Eureka and other parts of Lincoln and Flat head counties who will wish him I every success, both at the polls and officially. PINE BEETLE IN 'FORESTS. Thousands of dollars worth of timber in Montana forests is threat ened with quick destruction by the 4 pine beetle, a larvae which bores a just under the bark and sucks the life from the tree, according to the Helena Record, which quotes as authority Sate Forester Jungberg. e Mr. Jungberg has been on an in- 1 spection trip in the Swan river valley in Flathead county. The insect made its first appear ahce in this district only last June. £ So rapidly has it multiplied that at present fine timber on more than three thousand five hundred acres of land has been destroyed and weekly the devastated area is grow ing larger. Mr. Jungberg brought with him slabs sawn from trees killed by the beetles. From one square foot of I bark were extracted one hundred and forty borers. The larvae first made their ap pearance .on the Tongue River In dian reservation in southeastern Montana. As the timber on this reservation is an isolated tract, no measures were taken to extermi nate them. Then last June they appeared in the Swan river valley and began the work of destruction. It is feared that unless prompt ac tion be taken the borers will infest t all the timbered lands in northwest I ern Montana and destroy timber' valued at millions of dollars. The pine beetle was first discov ered in this country in the Black Hills about ten years ago. Mile after mile of timber was destroyed. All sorts of remedies were tried, but the only one that proved effi cient was to chop down the affected trees apd burn them, BONDS CARRY BY TWO TO ONE The special election on the ques- I tion of the issuance of bonds for tl road and bridge purposes is over tl and by a vote of 2 to I the people el of Lincoln county placed them- ft selves in the first rank of the good is roads movement. ti Lincoln county is to have a sys- C tem of highways and bridges see- a ond to none in Montana. The ti movement for good roads so strong- p ly endorsed by the people at the li polls is but the beginning of the r, greater advancement and progress of our county. A new era has , dawned and a greater development a is now assured. b Eqeryone should join in the pro- f gressive movement that means so t much for every citizen of the coun- t ty. 'There must be no delay, no a blocking the wheels of prosperity,' a no failure. The slogan must be s "Onward !" The citizenship of Lincoln county must be prepared to receive the great influx of new- t - comers that will soon enter our r community, and while the election was so overwhelming in favor of good roads and bridges there are a few things we can learn from the results. The Herald does not -believe that s the voters of Eureka are in favor of a "standstill policy." We be, lieve that the great mass of voters of Eureka were misled and voted without giving the subject due consideration. There are always in every community those whg, either for personal reasons or from selfish motives, are opposed to any advancement. But now that the election is over let all join in the movement that will open our coun d ty to all newcomers and will devel op our natural resources more than any one method. The Herald cherishes the hope Sthat now that Representative Bernard has so fully demonstrated SIXTEEN YEARS AGO THIS WEEK. (Items Culled from Old Troy Times.) J. M. Barr was appointed gen eral superintendent of the Great Northern. E. L. Preston and Alex Mullin took a gold saving machine to their placer claim on Callahan creek for a test run. Chas. S. Hartwell, assayer and chemist, removed from Leonia to Troy. Frank Leonard and the other mineral land commfasioners were in Pleasant valley and expected to wind up the season early in Decem ber, in Flathead valley. Supervisor Moore had to quit work on the C(allahan creek road for lack of county funds, but the B. & B. mine people continued at their own expense, as they expect ed to make some ore shipments to the smelfer. Ceo. Davis and Wm. Eaton struck a vein of asbestos while do ing assessment work on Rainy creek. Richard Knappka, commonly known as "Knapp," lost his life r' accidentally by being shot with a trap gun he was setting, on an island just below Troy, where he was living with Joe Wendlich. The bullet entered the right forearm and was then buried in the hip. He was brought to Troy and from there was sent to a Spokane hospi tal, where he died. He was about his political supremacy in Eureka that he will not continue to fight that which the people so earn estlv desire. Commissioner Garey favored the boyd issue, but Repre sentative Bernard demonstrated that he could muster 156 votes to Commissioner Garey's 6 votes. It was a great victory for Representa tive Bernard, even though at the price of placing Eureka in the false light of being opposed to good roads and bridges. The Herald. wants Rexford to forget that Eureka was opposed to a bridge at that point; it wonld have the citizens of Troy bury the fact that Eureka is trying to divert the trade of the Yahk valley to that point-let us all bury the past and work only for a greater, better and higher devdlopment of the re sources of Lincoln county. To those statistically inclined we submit the vote in detail, as far as they could be learned, pending the official count next Monday by the board of county commissioners The returns are in from all pre cincts but two, Volecour and Stry ker, which probably held no elec tion. For Against libby.............. 2a1 6 Troy .................. 86 2 Rexford............. 25 5 Warland .............. I8 o Ural . ................. 13 o Bull Lake ........ 8 o Jennings ............... 8 Getner ............. 8 o Snqowshoe .......... 6 o Cabinet ............... I Pleasant Valley..... 5 ' o McCormick........... 5 3 V hlf Creek......... 3 3 Trego................ I 4 Fortine............ 5 13 Gateway........... o 19 Eureka............ 6 156 Totals............430 213 Not learned--Porter, Yakt and I Glen Lake. 25 years old, had been in the sec tion two weeks, was a painter by trade, came from Leeds, No. Dak., and had relatives in New York. E. J. Merrin of Troy received a telegram that Abe Lemley, one of the original discoverers of gold quartz in the Yahk, had been shot and killed while out hunting near Newport. John Bowen rented the Libby hotel. Good reports were coming down from Big Cherry lodes, in which J. W. Leigh, H G. Lougee, John Johns and others were interested. Jas. A. Howard located the ground at the foot of Cleveland lake and had cut a ditch over a mile long to take water out of the lake to his placer claims. Aside from mining, it was predicted this lake would become one of the finest resorts of the country because of the fish and ganie and beautiful Sscenery. Libby creek was the lowest known in years. Howard brothers and Ross broth. era, Libby creek placer miners, were making good use of the low stage of water by working the bed of the creek, with encouraging re sults. The general land commissioner said the worst stripping of public t lands of forests was made by the big mining-companies, and partic ularly mentioned as an offender Marcus Daly, manager of the Amal gamated, as having cut 75,ooo,oco feet of lumber. He recommended that the forests of these regions be put under a forestry system. The Northern Pacific decided to rebuild the car shops, destroyed by fire at Sprague, in Spokane. Weather item, which might just as well fit in today: The west bound passenger Monday evening was eight hours late, caused by a blizzard in the Rockies. The weather here is still of the finest fall variety, and the blizzard we know of only by reading or hear say. Postmaster General Hitchcock has ordered that mail boxes be placed on all depot platforms. This rule has been observed by the Cain adian government for years. The boxes are painted a bright red and are placed in a conspicuous place for the convenience of passengers on trains. During a hunting trip last week on Granite creek Senator Rossman killed two mountain goat which he will have mounted. He has re turned to his home in Broadwater county, but will return in a few days to look up 4 mining proposi tion. NEW PURE FOOD LAW STRINGENT. After Jan. I all restaurants and bakeries must have a state license. Under the new pure food law all restaurants and public kitchens will be inspected at stated intervals and a system of grading will be adopt ed, When the place is graded at "70o," recommendation will be made by the inspector, and when a grade of "6o" is reached the place must be closed until conditions are remedied and the license restored. Other provisions call for proper pre caution against flies, accumulation of dirt and uncleanliness in general. SOME WENT MILES TO VOTE It is a pleasure for us to note the number of voters who came miles to vote for good roads and bridges. They showed an unselfish devotion to home interests and a progressive spirit in the right direction that counts for good citizenship and a wideawake appreciation of the needs of the community. Among those whose voting place was at Libby, but were at outside points, we noticed last Saturday From Cabinet : John Brannigan, J. J. Hibbard and E. L. Bowman. From Silver Crown : H. Brink, A. W. Lounsbury and Aug. Brink. From Snowshoe. M. A. Shana han, Ed. S. Green and Chas. Hut ton. From Kootenai Falls: Woody Williams and H. Burrell. From Troy: John G. Van Dyke and Henry Schriber. From Fisher River: J. H. Geiger. From Jennings: Frank Woods. From Vahk Basin : W. A. Ray mond and Roy Roderick. From Sylvanite : J. I. Fox. There may have been others, and probably were, and we re gret we were unable to secure their names, as they were entitled to equal credit and public praise. But the list given will indicate the spirit which prevailed and which will make for a Greater Lincoln county. The "Miracle Wheat," adver I tised by a Boston outfit at one dol lar a pound, or sixtv dollars a bushel, is pronounced by the de r partment of agriculture as being : less valuable than several of the Sordinary varieties, WEALTH OF THE COUNTY AND LEVIES The total assessed valuation of all property in Lincoln county this year, as corrected and accepted, is $5,282,943. From the levies made this will yield a revenue of $147, 956.59. The county and state levy for the year is : State, 2Y mills. County, 18 mills. There is also a bounty and stock indemnity tax of 4 Mnills, which ap plies only on live s.'k. The special t:i1. bvy by school districts atnd the valuation of each district is given below : No. i. Troy..........o...$ 302,098 " 2. Fall Creek.. 4... 224,392 3. Bull Lake...5... 33,400 4. Libby ........5... 1,049,600 5. Phillips Cr..o... 80,050 6. Jennings.....5... 251,122 7. Warland.....3... 601,x74 " 8. Rexford .....5... 228,632 9. Gateway.....o... 70,135 io. Glen Lake..7 . 87,495 " t. Cabinet......2... 215,833 12. Iowa Flats..o... 152.247 " 13. Eureka ......5... 349,153 S 14. Fortine ......2... 304,678 "15. M'Corm'k io... 165,928 " 16. Koln ....... o... 17,880 17. Therriault to... 74,640 " i8. Pinkham.. o0... 157,525 27. Joint ....... 0... 336,027 " 53. Joint....... 3... 324,046 o. Joint........ o... Ilo,6o1 I There are but two incorporated .I towns in the county, Libby and Eu. I reka, the rates dividing as follows, Libby-- ,t County tax.... .............. mills e State tax...................... 2 " a School tax.... ................. 5 e City tax............ ....20..o " Total...... .....42 " Eureka n County tax.................. 15 mills I. State tax .................... 23 " School tax.......... .... 5 City tax................... 3 E Water tax .................. 6 " 'e Total...........................4I " s Their assessed valuation is : ' Libby ................$1..........67,746 n Eureka ....................... 166,782 WHY GEN. GREENAN DIDN'T No one in Montana is more loyal to the principles of government than Adjt. Genl. Greenan. Last week he, in company with Major Ford and Lieut. Fravel, were hunt ing at the Scott Anderson ranch out of Libby. It was agreed that all the party should surround the deer and let Gen. Greenau have a chance to capture one. Ther party started out early in the morning with tom toms,beating through the timber while Gen. Greenan mounted the highest peak to await the coming of the game. Gen. Greenan had heard how deer were enchanted by the sweet strains of music. He sat beside a large tamarack stump and began whistling "The Wearing ot the Green." The deer approached and the general, seeing a fine, large buck, gave the order : "Advance and give the countersign !" The deer halted. The general raised his army rifle; he was unable to fire. The deer scampered away and Major Ford approached and asked why he had not killed the deer. Gen Greenan replied : "I obey orders. The commander-in chief, President Taft, has said we must have universal peace and I could not kill even the deer you chased to me. An Irishman is always a good soldier,"