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LEISHMAN TO SUCCEED HILL John G. A. Leishman was proposed to the German government by Wash I tngton as American ambassador, to succeed Dr. David Jayne Hill, who S resigned "last spring. The United States asked whether the appointment of Mr. Leishman, who . i:..:. at present is American ambassador at Rome, would be acceptable to the kaiser's government, through Count Von Bernstorff, the German ambassa dor at Washington. Mr. Leishman's name was submitted by telegraph to Emperor William, who was touring in the grand duchy of Mecklenberg. Em peror William, immediately on receiv ing the proposal of Washington, tele graphed his reply to the foreign of fice. The action taken is almost un precedented in promptness. Mr. Leishman's long service as a diplomat qualifies him particularly in the eyes of the emperor, who several times has spoken of the need of an experienced ambassador for the Berlin post and to his desire that no novice be sent there. It has been stated that Major von Kiderlen Waechter, the German secretary of foreign affairs, who has a personal acquaintance with Mr. Leishman, is much pleased with his appointment. The selection also is very acceptable to German society, in which Mr. Leishman and his family have many friends. Mr. Leishman's transfer was necessarily followed by other changes in the diplomatic service. i GORDON-BENNETT CUP WINNER Charles T. Weymann, winner of the prize cup at the Gordon-Bennett avia tion race, was the sole American rep resentative in this the principal inter national speed contest of the year. Weymann was born in Haiti twenty two years ago, and has lived practic ally all his life in France. He is much more at home speaking French than English. Called upon to respond to a number of flattering compliments that were showered upon him at an in formal dinner after the race, the vic torious American, after much hesita tion, replied with the one word "Merci." He is not a Don Quixote of the air, but has held records for speed, pas senger-carrying and cross-country flights. On his wonderful overland flight from Paris, for 280 miles to Clermont-Ferrand, only dense fog pre vented him from fulfilling the condi tions of the Michelin prize of $20,000 for flying with a passenger from the French capitol to Puy de Dome, a mountain 4,800 feet in height, within six hours. He was the only airman to start with the ill-fated Chavez for the flight across the Alps last autumn. Weymann is the Good Samaritan of aviation. In several of the big coun try flights in France he stopped by the wayside to give first aid to fledglings with crippled wings and lacerated heads. On one occasion he halted in his breathless race across the country to carry a luckless competitor in his aero plane ambulance to the nearest town. After losing his chances in the con test, Weymann philosophically resumed his flight. Because of his surplus of good nature, Weymann is a favorite with the flyers of all nations. COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS / 0 " Edward Bruce Moore, commissioner of patents in Washington, came promi. nently into the public eye the other day when the one millionth United States patent was issued. -Mr. Moore has worked his way up from the ranks. HIe entered the patent office as assistant examiner in 1883, and from that time served in various capacities until he was made cormmis sioner, in June, 1907. lie has spent twenty-eight years in the government . - .service. Edward Bruce Moore has had a wide and varied experience while serv ing Uncle Sam. Before he was ap pointed commissioner of patents he was assigned as slecial commissioner to the Paris exposition, in 1900. In the summer of 1908 he was appointed United States delegate to the Inter national Conference for the Protection of Industrial Property, which was held it Stockholm, Sweden. Later, in the fall of 1909, he acted as special commissioner of the state department to nine principal capitals of Europe on international reciprocal patent protection. Then he served as delegate to the Fourth International Conference of American States at Buenos Ayres, Argentine, in the summer of 1910, in charge of matters relating to patents, trade marks and copyrights. GOMEZ A CUBAN MALCONTENT Juan Gualberto Gomez is a Cuban Q malcontent who has been conspiring with others to have President Gomes impeached and to make a co-conspira tor, Vice-President Zayas, governor of Cuba under American suzerainty. It is unlikely that he will succeed. A little over ten years ago the United States undertook a costly war to free Cuba and when after some years of self-government the Cubans failed in the primary purposes of all governments-to secure the safety of life and property-this country was forced to intervene. When the last of our soldiers after the period of occupation left the island the state ment was made on the floor of our na tional congress that if the United States were again called upon to in tervene the American flag might never - again be lowered in Cuba. But in spite of this warning political > plotting is going on in the island and, at' according to reports, with the object of bringing about United States inter vention. Our government, however, gave assurances that it had no imme diate intention of interfering in the affairs of Cuba, but,the criminality of Juan Gomez is no less pronounced on that account. The poison of political discontent and revolutionary plotting seems to pQrvade Latin America. Central America today is in a turmoil. Venezuela, in South America, after a respite from the years of bloody despotism under the iron rule of Castro, Is facing another revolution. Mexico is in a transition stage from bloody conflict to uncertain peace. ROASTER FOR SMALL FLAT; Contrivance Designed by New Yorl Man Is Collapsible and Takes up Little Room. For use on gas and oil stoves the collapsible roaster designed by a New York man and shown here will be found a great convenience. Not only will it toast four pieces of bread at a time and in such a way that you can see the operation and prevent the bread from burning, but when not in sse it can be folded up into small corn pass and take up little room. A square metal plate has perforations in the :enter and two wires hinged along ach side. These wires are bent at -.4A right angles at the top and fit into Dpenings in a small square metal cap that holds them all together in an in .lined position, and also acts as a reflector for the heat. When the de vice is rigged up it is placed over the flame and a piece of bread leaned up against each of the four sides. The slanting position gives the heat a chance to spread over the whole sur race, and as each slice is done on one side it is turned over to the other. TO KEEP SAUSAGES FRESH They Should Be Cooked, Put in Jars and Covered With Hot Drip ping or Lard. To insure the keeping of sausages made in quantity for use through the summer months, it is usual to resort to smoking them in the manner of hams and bacon. In lieu of this meth od, however, cook them in any desir able way until nearly done, fill them Into glass jars, wide-mouthed stone jars or tin lard pails, packing them quite closely, then cover them with hot dripping, lard, or any good grease, filling all interstices, and leav ing at least an inch of clear dripping to cover the top. If the cans will seal perfectly seal them the same as you would any kind of canned or pre served fruit. If tin lard pails are used fill level with; the dripping, fix the cover closely and as an extra pre caution paste a strip of white paper around the edge of the cover. The sausages will keep thus for any length of time. Before Ironing Plaits. Many sheer dresses of this season have inset panels of plaited goods, t plaited at the top and stitched yoke I depth, with the lower half falling in I straight, unstitched plaits. This looks I very pretty and dressy, but those 2 plaits will be very difficult to iron un less they are first basted in at the hern and caught down at intervals all the way up the plait before the dress Is laundered. Unless you do this the plaits will be stretched out of all serm blance to their original shape and will t never be ironed the same way twice. h After being ironed, and when perfect- s ly dry, pull the hastings out carefully. a Collars and cuffs, or anything else b that is plaited and to be laundered, a should be treated in the same way. English Delight. Put through the meat chopper bne and one-half pounds of beef. Season with salt, pepper and butter. Place in the form of a loaf in a baking pan. Over it spread the following dressing: JBread crumbs seasoned with salt, pep per, sage, butter and mixed soft with warm water or meat stock. Spread an inch or two thick over the meat and dot with butter. In one end of pan place onions which have previous ly been boiled and seasoned. Bake a half hour, or until dressing is browned. Philippine Salad. Cut tomatoes, large white onions, green and sweet red peppers, also cu. cumbers, in very thin slices, add a good French dressing and let the salad stand for an hour at least on ice in a cool place. Garnish with crisp let tuce leaves before serving. This makes a pretty dish if the different vegetables used are laid in separate circles alternately. The seeds of the peppers must be carefully removed be fore they are sliced and the cucumbers peeled. Small Vegetables Help. To cook small vegetables in a fire- I less cooker let them boil a few min- c utes, then put them, with the water c they boil in, into Mason jars. Put V lid on tightly and set the jars in the d large cooker kettle, almost full of hot Water. Let it boil and pack as usual in the cooker. * Fruit Ice. d A fruit Ice is easily made by rub. c bing a quart of fruit through a col ti ander and adding a cupful of water as ki sweet as honey. Mix with this the un- ! beaten whites of three fresh eggs and , freeze, stirring constantly. hI COMPETING WITH A DENTIST c Jonathan Drew of Indiana Was Sorry That He-Tried to Extract His Tooth. Jonathan Drew, who resides in In diana, had a curious experience the other day. Jonathan developed a toothache that made him sit up and take notice. i He tried various remedies without avail and finally went to the dentist. Jonathan asked the dentist how much he would charge to yank the aching molar, and the dentist told Jonathan 50 cents, which was his regular rate. Now Jonathan is a practitioner of economy even in the matter of havingi an aching tooth pulled, so he tried to beat the dentist down to a quarter, bu.t the forceps artist refused to cut rates. "Very well," said Jonathan, "then 1'II let the blamed tooth ache-if the tooth can stand it, I can." So Joni. than went back home with his face In his hand. That evening the molar got down to business in earnest. .JOnathan walked the floor in agony--and he stelpped lively, too. At last he could stand the exquisite pain no longer, so he tied one end of a piece of picture wire to the tooth and the other end to a stone weighing about five pounds. Then he stood before a window, with his mouth open and his eyes ihut, counted three and threw the stone-which went through the win (low and struck Abe Winslow, a neigh bor, a terrific wallop on the head. In cidentally the wire broke and the ach illng tooth still stayed put. After Abe had regained conscious ness he invited Jonathan to step out into the street a minute, as he had something important to say to him. Like a lamb to the slaughter Jonathan went, and Abe gave Jonathan what was probably one of the worst lick ings a man ever had visited upon him. Jonathan is now suffering not only from toothache, but the faceache, and his face aches so that he is hardly conscious of the toothache. This little incident teaches that when we have toothache we should not try to compete with a first-class dcntist.-Philadelplhia Times. Praise and Encouragement. In helping to train a family of five bs Ioys I had the greatest difficulty in to culcating an idtea of politeness or even rt the necessity for it. "Oh, what's the )f use?" I heard where I had been par t- ticularly emphatic in insisting on good r- manners. n Their father was a polite man e exceedingly easy and polished in his n bearing, and they associated with the h children of the best families in town. d All this proved unavailing. r- One day I was looking out of my g window and chanced to see one of the I younger boys, eight years old, put his u hand to his (a.p as some ladies passed - him. I coitidently believed it acci e dental, but sptoke of it casually, let K ting him think I believed he did so habitually. It was the same when he r came into my sitting room and took off his hat to fan with! I noticed his 1 politeness-saying how pleased I was at his thoughtfulness, and there was never any more trouble on that score. He, and the others, from the force I of suggestion and a sense of rivalry, ,never failed to remove their caps on proper occasions, politely and not grudgingly as of old, as though yield ing to superior force.--Harper's Ba zar. Riding the Combers. As the very sirollgest man in the world is a weakling in the grasp of a goodt-sized comlber', such waves must be outwilled, not outwrestled. And, to be at home in the breakers, even beyond your depth, it is only neces sary to know what a wave really is anod where it is weak. Many people believe their eyes, and are sure that a wave tIrav(ls. The water moves up land dOwne, and the motion forward, but I heo water doesn't travel. Conrse quently, if you get beyond the break ers, the waves will go up and down [ and carry you with them, but won't sweep you forward. N Near the shore the waves behave differently; they curl over the break, , and there the water, as well as the n motion, travels. And, if you are just d at the curling-point, the water will t pick you up and sweep you in, and I you can literally ride the waves, than s- which there is no finer sport in the a sea. But woe unto you if you get a bit ahead of the curling wave-front, for then you will be turned over and twisted around and flung to the bot tom. Hence, it is wise to experiment with little waves first and learn just where they do break and just where they actually commence to exert a forward movement on your body before test ing your swimming powers in the surf.-Woman's Home Companion. French Heroine. The Souvenir Francais has placed a tablet on a house at Bievres to com memorate Mme. Juliette Dodu. There was a large assembly, as was fitting for the occasion, inasmuch as the lady played an important part at the time of the war with Germany. She had charge of the telegraph office at Pithi. viers, and hid the machines during the day, pretending they had been seized. At night she brought them out and succeeded in tapping the wires over o which the German communications E were passing. The information thus b received she communicated to General c d'Aurelie de Paladines. She was dis- . covered, brought before a court-mar- c tial and sentenced to death. The t kaiser's father, though not approving o, Mme. Dodu's act, could not help ad- m miring her patriotism, and through pm his representations she was pardoned, WHEN GROWN ON LARGE SCALE CELERY IS FAIRLY PROFITABLE It Is Excellent Crop for Every Farmer to Grow Because it Is One of Most Delicious Vegetables Raised Under Favorable Conditions Plants Grow With Great Rapidity. (By S. M. CLINTON.) Celery is a good market crop, but there are many other crops which pay better. In the famous Kalama zoo district in Michigan, where the crop is grown exclusively on hundreds of acres by experts, it is stated that the average profit after rental of laid, growing and marketing expenses are all paid does not exceed $100 per acre. Occasionally we hear of phe nomenal crops for a single year, but as a rule celery is only moderately profitable. It Is a fine crop for every farmer to grow because it is one of the most delicious vegetables produced. It is not difflicult to grow celery. It re qluirs ex cetedigly rich land, some commllercial ertilizter and great care in cultivation and bleaching. In the Kala-nazoo disttrict, where very fine celery is grown, the soil is a very bIlack, rich spongy sort of loanm, hut good celery is grown on sandy land and(l on clay loam. The ground imustllSl, however, be put into thorough cultivation, and very heavily mn1n cted, in fact, It ought to be well fertillzed for at least two years lubefore being planted to celery. The land must be well drained, be cause damllp, soggy soil will not pro duce sound, firm celery. This crop should usually follow some early crop like pean. The seed should be sown in rows about four foot apart. After the grolnd has been thoroughly pre pared and manured it should be left y Celery-Roots, Showing the Effects of Transplanting, long enough for the weeds to get a start, when it should be thoroughly manured and then planted. The rows should be about two inches wide arid the seed should be scat tered over the entire width, then the soil should be firmed into the soil by passing a roller over it, after which the seed should be covered very light ly with a rake. To prepare the grotind for celery, rows should be made about four feet apart, and a light application of well rotted stable manure and nitrate of potash placed In the furrows. The plants taken' from the seed bed should be set about eight inches apart in the row and great care should be observed in placing the roots in their natiura: position without crushing and doublinlg themi up. The soil then must he drawn firmly about the plants and all weeds must be kept down. uTnder good conditions celery plants grow very rapidly. Soon after the plants are, well started, they shoull be given a light appllication of nitra:te of tioda and aniiother about two weeks later; this is: all they will need I until they have .reached the proper growth. Celery is blanchied in several ways, 1 but the best pracelico for the farm isI to place the plants in a trench ahbou It twelve inches delop and twelve inches t wide. The plants are taken up wilth a spadling fork, the roots trirnmmel off srquare and all faulty stalks should be remlroved from the outside of the a bunch. t JERSEY HOLDS BUTTER RECORD >7 j A dairy of ten cows should be kept, or a flock of sheep in place of cows. By raising the heifer calves from the best milkers and selling off the old cows when they come fresh with their calves in the spring, a profitably herd can be built up in a few years. If but ter and cream is to be sold buy a thor oughbred Jersey or Guernsey bull; if milk, an Ayrshire or Holstein. My preference is for the Jerseys, says a Place the plants four in a row and pack a little damp soil around the roots. After the plants have been placed in the trench, place a twelve. inch board on each side of the plants and draw the tops slightly together. A board placed on top will make a covering which will protect the plants until cold weather, when, if in a cold climate, litter and earth must be thrown over the trench to prevent them from freezing. The slightest touch with frost will ruin them. It celery is to be marketed late in the winter it should be placed in a hotbed or in earth in the cellar, or in a stor age house. The big celery growers follow the saime' method except that after the plants are placed in the trench with the boards on either side, earth l Bleaching by Drain Tiles. filled In on each side of the boards which are gradually withdrawn until the trench is nearly filled, leaving the tops above the surface. Then a little straw is placed over the tops and held down by an occasional shovelful of earlh and this is added to as the weather becomes colder. Some growers blanch their celery by placing over the plants a sectionr of drain tile and covering up the top with a coarse cloth or litter. Blanching Is really a very impor tant part of producing good celery; because, unless the plants are white firm and tender, they are not only unpalatable for the farmer's family; but are of course unsalable. Ex, cluding the light induces a solid growth in the heart of the plant and this growth is very rapid. It also turns a plant from green to pure white. Persons contemplating grow ing celery for the market should nott attempt to do so until they have visa ited one of the large commercial cet. ery gardens and learned from observer. tion exactly how the work of seeding,. transplanting, cultivating and market. Ing is done. But the farmer who sim. ply desires to grow enough celery fore his family use, may if he follows in. Storage Trench for Celery. structions, grow good crops, alwayrr provided that t:s soil is very rich anvd well drained. The application of manure should be made every season, no matter how rich the soil is, because celery will not grow well on impoverished soil. Renovate the Beds. If the strawberry plants are vigor ous, and the bed not too weedy, it may pay to renovate it for another year. Mow the plants close to the ground, rake off the foliage and burn it. Plow a furrow, cutting out al) but one foot of the row, and then go through and take out the weeds andc diseased plants in this row. Fill the furrow with thoroughly rotted manure and cultivate the soil back. Keep ug a thorough cultivation of the soil al, the season. writer in an exchange. They Consuae8 less food and give a greater retuyr for the food consumed, at least, tOba is our experience after a trial of 82 years. Where milk and cream is solj the Jersey and Aryshire cross will give the best results. Build up a MtaflS trade for your farm products--n gi.E ion of good milk retailed will bealg in 88 cents; if wholesaled U will ses S 14 oents.