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THE LIBBY HERALD
VOL. 2, NO. 2'7 LIBBY, LINCOLN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1911 $2.00 PER YEAR VOL.2, O. '1 iBBY LICOL COUTYMONANA~THUSDA, DCEMBR 1, 111 $.00PERYEA . .....-- -- - ·-- •--- - -,* 4-. ..... . -_ m m m. PAY TAXES CLOSE UP Delinquent List Dec. Ist 3 Per Cent, and Will Be Less for Year. About Same as 1910. Both Years Great Records. Lincoln county made a notable record last year in its tax collec tions, the delinquent list covering a total of but $3,864,13 in a tax charge standing against the com monwealth of $135,606.06, but this year's collections promise to be fully as good, if it does not sur pass it. Up to December I last, the day of delinquency, the total collections were $143,358.29, out of a total on the book of $147, 931.60, leaving a deficit of $4,573.31. While last year's collections showed, after all had been paid in, a little under 3 per cent and this year's a flat three per cent, it must be remembered that some of the unpaid balance of this year will yet come in, so that the season of 1911 will equal that of 191ro. Either is a remarkably close col. lection, and shows the people of Lincoln county must have had very prosperous times during -the past two years. \ What is a Legal Wire Fence? The question is often asked,what consititutes a lawful wire fence? The Montana statutes answer as follows : The fence shall be four feet four inches high, and constructed of at least four horizantal wires each ; if cables, to consist of not less than two of at least No. 12 guage; or, if plain, not less than No. 9 guage (by plain is meant single wire), the lowest of which must not be more than one foot and a half above the ground, securely fastened, as near ly equal-distant as possible, to sub stantial posts, firmly set in the ground, or to well-supported sub stantial leaning posts, not exceed ing 32 feet apart, with pickess of wood or wire interwoven in or fast ened to said wires, between each two said posts, in such a manner fhat there must not be more than five and one-half feet space between such pickets or posts or nearest pickets; the pickets, if of wire, to be of not less than No. 8 glage. DOINGS OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS In addition to the news given last week of the proceedings of the county commissioners, the follow ing is an additional synopsis: The county superintendent of schools was instructed to purchase 50 "State of Montana" maps for use in' the public schools of the county. The deputy sheriff at Warland will receive $55 per month and room and board, and the length of service will be for such time as conditions seem to warrant. Tax refunds were allowed be cause of erroneous assessments to Thos. Quirk for $41.40, to Jos. Gussenhoven for $127.22 and to Mary Shea for $20.25. L. H. Faust was appointed mem ber of the state fair advisory board, in place of P. N. Bernaid, removed from the county. The county health officer's salary was fixed at $50 per month, from Jan. I, 1912. Byron Hennings was granted a aiiuulr licec11 f 'rlige, LIBBY MAY GET A TWO MILLION DOLLAR SMELTER. The smelter project for Libby, which has been smouldering for some time, has received a fresh im petus during the past week through the activitities and friendly interest of E. H. Wilson, local manager of the Pacific Coast Smelting & Re fining company. The proposition is put up to our people that a two million dollar smelter may be se cured if a guarantee can be given to relieve the company from possi ble damages arising from smelter fumes. It has been suggested that a meeting be called to take up the matter and put it in tangible form and work out some plan to meet the conditions of the smelter com pany. Death of Pioneer at Troy. W. E. Milnor, a pioneer of the Troy district, died at his home near Troy Tuesday morning, at the age of 62 years. Mr. Milnor was born in eastern Pennsylvania, from where he re moved to Utah and later to Mon tana, coming to Troy twenty years ago. He was well known in Flat. heak and Lincoln counties. A widow and six children, four sons and two daughters, survive him. The eldest, Mrs. Ed. Tiesing, re sides at Seattle, Miss Estella is teaching school at Eureka and William and the three minor child ren lived with their parents. Mr. Milnor had been in feeble health for some time, and for the past year was piactically an invalid at his home. The funeral will bIe held this aftrrnoon, and burial will be made on the home oiace, which was his expressed wish before he died. Draws 90 Days for Assault. Archie McGregor, the man who was brought here last week from Warland by Undersheriff Bradley, was given 90 days in the county jail by Judge Hoffman, on a charge of assault and battery. He was connected with the gang who were running things with a high hand at the lumber camp, and his par ticular offense was in assaulting the bartender of the saloon there and taking charge of the business and operating it as his own. The deputy county clerk and re corder's salary was raised $25 per month, to date from November I, 1911. Road petitions rejected were: Jos. Cechlovsky et al, P. Ryan et al, Geo. Rich et al, Sven Nelson et al and Wm. E. Dawson et al. Road petitioned for by F. C. French et al was rejected on ac count of petition of J. W. Scott et al being accepted, the date of hear ing upon which being set for De cember 18, Igir. Dates of hearing for other roads were set as follows: C. B. Roberts et al, Jan. 4; Smoot Bros. et al, Jan. 4; John B. Chase et al, Jan, 4; S. J. Dahlberg et al, Jan. 4; Knudt Tiedman, Jan. 15. The following were declared county roads: Petitions of L. C. Duke et al, Jos. Peltier et al and Jas. G. Sutton et al Board adjourned to December 18 to take up road and bridge matters and any other special business which may properly come before it. THEY BLAME THE PEOPLE State Ry. Commissioners Fix Responsibility for Accidents, which Calls Out a Few Pointed Questions. The report of the Montana rail road commissioners for the year 1911 has been made public and is deserving of special comment. The report discloses the fact there were 71 persons killed and 528 injured during the year ending Ootober I in the state. However, the most startling statement of the report as before ns is in relation to the cause of these accidents. The report says: "Many serious acci dents, the cause of which is un known, are unquestionably due to excessive speed. FOR THIS THE RAILROADS ARE NOT AT FAULT." The report states, as to the cause : "The traveling public, the ship per and the receiver of goods all demand quick delivery, and if one railroad does not or can not furnish as expeditious service as its competitors that railroad soon finds that its business is diverted to the other routes because 'they make the time.' Railroad man agers are averse to fast running." After this statement the railroad commissioners place the responsi bility for the accidents resulting in death and injury in the following language : "When the deraiiment of 'un known' cause occurs there are few who stop to think that the people are responsible." The members of the railroad commission have laid at the door of the people the responsibility. Many causes are responsible for railroad accidents- the defective rail that is almost impossible of de tection, the mistakes of employes to which we are all susceptible, the moment of carelessness which often comes to all men, and many others too numerous to mention. Fol lowed to the logical conclusion of the commissioners, accidents should be more frequent with fast trains than with slow ones, but the oppo site is the fact. Are the people to blame for the open switch, the defective rail, the broken wheel, the misunderstand ing of orders, the giving of con flicting orders, the defective signal, the breaking of a driving rod or the train leaving the track? No, these are accidents almost unac countable and will happen whether the train be a fast or slow one. Now that the railroad commis sioners have exonerated the rail roads from the responsibility of these accidents and 'declared "the people" are to blame, the Herald suggests they ascertain the cause of a few minor matters the people are interested in. Having de clared in favor of slower trains and. Brings in Alleged Holdup. To Have Skating Rink at Park. .rins inAllged oldp~l ... Deputy Sheriff Wave Brown of Eureka came in yesterday after noon with Jack Bradford, who was arrested at Bowdoin's camp op posite Volcour, at the instance of Sheriff Ingraham of Flathead coun ty. Bradford is wanted on the charge of rolling a man for $30 or $40 with an accomplice, who was given four months in jail. The man sent up declares Bradford was the real offender who did the roll ing act, and the Kalispell office has been notified to come and get the man. Fireman's dance, Christmas. power service as a remedy for ac cidents, it may become pertinentto ascertain if "the people" are enti tled to any consideration from the railroad commissioners. The Herald would suggest as a matter of diversion to the railroad commissioners that they follow the example of our sister state of Washington and adjust and equal ize rate conditions. "The people" would have the railroad commissioners give the reason Why apples from Wenatchee valley, Washington, can be shipped to points ie eastern Montana at a cheaper rate than the apples of the Flathead and Kootenai valleys? Why at points to which the rail road sells tickets they are not re quired to at least build platforms for the people to alight on rather than to be compelled to step on the grade in the dark ? Why western Montana with bil lions of feet of lumber must pay more in proportion than the coast lumber companies for transporta tion ? Why demurrage should be charg ed to the shipper who holds a car for more than two days and the shipper is entitled to no redress from the railroads failing to fur nish cars for his shipments? The Herald wants the railroad companies to have exact justice and "a square deal" and recognizes it takes time to adjust and equalize existing conditions. At the same timpe we insilt that the the people are entitled to the same "square deal" and justice from the railroad companies. There may be sufficient reasons why a transportation company can carry produce from outside the state into our midst cheaper than to carry Montana produce one-half the distance on the same train ; if so, we have no doubt the Montana railroad commission will find it. Instead of reversing the judg ments of our courts, holding the railroads responsible for the negli gent acts of employes and defective materials, we would commend to the railroad , commissioners the reading of the law which provides: "It is hereby made its duty to * * correct abuses and prevent unjust discrimination and extor tion in freight and passenger tar iffs." The statute declares a plain duty for the railroad commissioners, not when some one complains, but at all times and in all cases. Dan Welsh is one of the "'live" ones of the town. In a few hours he had a movement started which will give a skating rink at the city park and a pond in the good old summer time. " Lights will also be put up as a part of the scheme. All able-bodied men interested in providing this pleasure resort for the public are invited to meet Friday morning at to a. m., be tween Blew's and the depot, and help dig a ditch for the short dis tance that will connect the park with the city water. And bring some tools. IF YOUOWN ANY OF THESE WARRANTS, BETTER GET BUSY. Unless the owners of the follow ing unclaimed warrants present them for payment by January 6, 1912, the county commissioners will cancel the same: On general fund C. C. Doran, $1.50o. W. C. Barrick, $1.50. B. J. Simar, $3. R. Due, $i.50. C. C. Arlington, $3. A. G. Shaefer, $7.90. Geo. W. Miller, 7.90. L. B. Stevens, $2.50. On road fund- Jem Melden, $t.9o. Teda Cloves, $2.52. C. J. Cloves, $4. Another Deal in Libby Realty Transfers of business property in Libby continues to be consunmmat ed, in spite of the general dull times in the nosthwest sectsor,, which evidences a strong faith in the future of the city by substan tial interests which are becoming identified with the business life of the community. The latest deal was closed last Friday, when the Libby Water & Light company purchased the three lots and the three frame buildings, corner 4th and California, of A. LaCharity for $4,000. Mr. O'Marr, president of the company, who closed the deal, in forms us that future plans include a brick block on the present site, and that the erection of the build ing is not far in the future. This company has now invested about $25,000 in Libby. The Kootenai club room has been converted into offices and head quarters, and was occupied by the company on Monday last. Jeanne Russell Co. Good Show The Jeanne Russell company, which closed a three-night engage ment last evening, is one of the best companies that has visited Libby and gave the best of satis faction to theatre goers. This company will probably play a re turn engagement here in January. SIXTEEN YEARS AGO THIS WEEK. (Items Culled from Old Troy Times.) Harry Hayward, the Minneapolis murderer, was hung Wednesday, and Durrant, tried in California, was sentenced to be hung Febru ary 21, 1896. The report reached Troy that George Haller, an old-timer in the Kootenai valley, was drowned in Kootenai lake. The A. R. U. cases at Kalispell were drawing big crcwds. Roy Goodwin was acquitted of the charge of interfering with and destroying railroad property, and William Richards was found not guilty of the charge of sstting fire to a bridge near Columbia Falls. The cases against Campbell, Mal colm, Moran and Turber went over to the next term of court. The Libby Standard, published by Mark Musgrove, discontinued publication. Winm. Keeler sold his galena claim at Leonia to David Brown of Spokane and W. T. Roberts of Troy. Moore and Swesey, freighters, LUMBER CENTER TO BE HERE Julius Neils Co. Makes Great Jump in Capitalization. Is Now Million and a Half Dollar Lu m ber Concern. The increase of the capital stock of the Julius Neils Lumber com pany, which owns the milling plant at Libby and thousands of acres of acres of timber lands in Lincoln and Flathead counties, from three hundred thousand dollars to one and a half million dollars, certainly augurs well for a wonderful devel opment of the lumber industry of northwestern Montana, and also will have the effect of centering this industry in this section at Libby. Geo. W. Millett of this city has been appointed agent of the big corporation. It is understood that the com pany, besides establishing a chain of lumber yards in Montana, the company will build several large mills in Lincoln and Flathead counties. No other lumber company in the state will approximate the capital ization of the Julius Neils people, and the present increase to a figure so large must mean important de velopment and advancement locally. Lincoln county, and Libby espe cially, will benefit many fold by the expanded operations and soon become one of the great lumbering regions of the northwest. Fortine Rancher to Asylum. Andrew Martin, the Fortine rancher who was arrested by Sher Iff Baney and brought fo Libby, was examined last Friday by the county commisssioners for insanity and ordered committed to the asy lum. The sheriff took him to Warm Springs the day following. Martin's form of dementia was that everybody was in league against him with a desire to "do him up." Hand brothers, logging contract ors at Sylvanite, have received in structions to put the logs in the Vahk river for driving down that stream in the spring. bought some horses of Win. Cleary and were prepared to handle a carload of B. & B. ore a day. St. Louis was selected as the place to hold the republican na tional convention on the fourth ballot. The Walla Walla, Wash., land office was preparing to hear 350 contest cases, in which t!.e North ern Pacific and settlers were con testants. The settlers had taken the land before the road was built, and the company sought to oust them. The first eruptions of the Vene zuela war scare made its appear ance in the receipt of England's reply at Washington. That gov ernment refused pointblank to sub mit the question to arbitration ex cept on the surveyed line recog nized by that country. Frank Wiley of Cora creek was arrested for obtaining money un der false pretenses. He was charged with selling horse meat to Great Falls and Belt bufchers, claiming it to be heifer and steer meat.