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PRESERVE FOES' HEADS
SOUTH AMERICAN TRIBE THAT EMBALMS THE TROPHIES. Method Employed Reduces the Grisly Relics to the Size of a Billiard Ball With Changing or Mutilating Features. The little-known Indian tribes that inhabit the more distant provinces of the South American republic of Ecua dor, in almost entire independence, have a strange custom of preparing the heads of their vanquished enemies in a manner which reduces them to extremely small dimensions, without changing or mutilating the features. For many years a war of extermina tion has been going on between the various tribes. Ambushes and night attacks are of frequent occurrence, and the parties often march dozens of leagues to surprise their enemies. The head of the vanquished chief is cut off and becomes the most esteemed booty of the victorious leader. It is then, in due time, desiccated and re duced by the latter by means of a proc ess, the secret of which has so far been jealously guarded. As far as is known, the skull, jawbones and fleshy parts are entirely removed without the skin of the head and face suffering any damage, and the only trace of the operation is a small incision in the nape of the neck which is afterward Aewn thnACthar aflin After removal of the bony and softer parts of the skull the skin is filled with hot stones and a vegetable concoction, the secret of which, as well as that of the process, is carefully guarded. This procedure is continued until the head is shrunk to the dimension of a good sized billiard ball and has become as dry and tough as sole leather. It is remarkable that during the pro ness neither the natural luster of the lair nor its quantity is diminished, that eyebrows and lashes remain in tact, and that even the grain of the skin with the fine hairs are plainly distinguishable after the preparation is completed. The process lasts about one year, and the head during that time hangs in smoke, for which purpose a stout string is drawn through the upper part of it. The lips are sewed together in order to prevent the dead enemy from speaking and eating, and the long threads by which it is done remain at tached and hanging from the mouth. The trophy, which by the reduction has lost its ghastliness, is kept in a niche in the hut of the chief, stuck on the end of a spear. During the three years succeeding the killing, feasts, lasting three days, are held on the an niversaries of the victory, during which the shrunken head is exhibited. After three years the victor may dis pose of his trophy in any way he sees fit, but this is rarely done, as the head forms a war trophy of the highest honor. Case of Poetic Justice. That was a case of poetic justice when a jury of women in San Francis co were called upon to pass on the fit of a man's clothes. A certain tail or in that western city sued a custo mer for money due for clothes. The customer pleaded that the suits did not fit and asked for a jury of women to decide the important point. The 12 good women and true, who from their own experience were no doubt eminently qualified to pass on the fit of clothes, found for the defendant. It must have afforded them infinite satisfaction to know that, after all the sarcasm with which their husbands treated their own troubles with dress makers, their exasperating experiences should in the end be drawn upon to render a lawful judgment on clothes 'worn by men. All the fun poked at women and their dressmakers in San .Francisco and all the jokes collateral to that engaging theme have been re called. Book Don'ts. Good books are treasures, and they should be handled with the greatest of care by everyone. Here are a few rules that should be observed: Never drop a book upon the floor. Never turn leaves with the thumb. Never lean or rest upon an open book. Never turn down the corners of leaves. Never touch a book with soiled or damp hands. Always place a large book upon a table before opening it. Never pull a book from the shelf by the binding at the top, but by the 'back. Never close a book with a pencil, tablet or anything else that is bulky between the leaves. Influence of Clothes. It is said that the average man is, to a great extent, influenced by the kind of clothes which he wears, in the same way as he is affected by his en vironment. A well-dressed man will walk better, talk better and, they say, even do better work than the man who is carelessly dressed. Therefore,, the man who is neglectful of his personal ;appearance, is unneat, slouchy, his clothes not pressed or carefully brush. ,ed, his shoes unpolished, his linen soiled and his hat dented and covered with dust, discards one of the most potent instruments of success. Per. haps he cannot afford to buy linen or suits made at the best tailors, but levery man can afford to be clean and ,aeat in his dress. HIS NICKEL WELL INVESTEE Yonkers Bachelor Once Helped a Newsboy and Reaped His Reward Nine Years Latar. "Excuse me, mister," paid a boy of about fifteen years to a man at a Yonkers street corner, "but I've lost my money and I can't buy my papers. If I had a nickel I could get a start and make 50 cents before bedtime." Althought the boy's clothing was soiled and tattered, his bright eyes and regular features made a good Im pression on the observant middle aged bachelor. But he was skeptical. "If I give you a nickel," said he, "you'd only spend it, probably in a foolish way. I've had experience with boys." "I'll spend it all right, mister, but the money would go for papers." The man gave the boy a nickel. "Now, I'm only lending you five cents," was his warning as the boy hurried away. "All right boss," cried the boy. "I'll give it back to you tomorrow on this corner at six o'clock." "I'll be here," said the man. So they separated. Both kept thehl promises. The nickel was returned. That was nine years ago. Now the boy is a married man of twenty-four and he has a good position in Yonkers. Their conditions are reversed. Owing to illness and injury the bachelor has been out of employment for six months. Long ago his savings were exhausted. Long ago he would have been in want if a friend had not found where he lived. This friend also found that the bachelor was in debt and pro vided medical assistance. More than that, he paid the bachelor's board for 15 consecutive weeks and he has not stopped yet. "What are you doing that for?" his wife inquired. "Reason enough," he replied. "When I was a newsboy that man helped me when I was broke. Now, if necessary, I'll go broke for him." The friend was the former newsboy. The Treacherous Hens. A story which was doubtless invent ed to illustrate the thoroughness of Prussian rule wherever the Prussian black and white has established itself, Is repeated in E. A. Brayley Hodgett's book, "The House of Hohenzollern." The strict devotion to duty of the Prussian disciplinarian has not al ways contributed to his popularity. The estimation in which he has gen erally been held by conquered neigh bors is illustrated in the famous joke about the Hanoverian farmer's wife after the annexation-and the inquis torial Prussian gendarme. "Well," the gendarme is made to say, in truly terrible admonitory ac cents, "are you all good Prussians here? No Hanoverian nonsense, elf?" "Oh," the trembling old woman re plies, "we are all good Pruussians now-all except the hens." "The hens? What do you mean?" roars the gendarme, sniffling hidden Insubordination. "Ah," says the old country wife, "they will persist in laying Hanover lan eggs, always white and yellow. I cannot get they to lay black and white Prussian eggs."-Youth's Com panion. Crucible of Criticism. The alchemy of public opinion in a Jountry where thought and speech are free and untrammeled transmutes maniy a baser metal into pure gold. The crucible of criticism is the final process through which everything and everybody that comes before our pub lic must pass. The least of us is jealous in his right I nthat regard. We are all from Missouri when it comes to the matter of being shown. And up to the degree of sordiness this is a saving element in our life, but, of course, beyond that it would not be. It is not only right, but necessary, that we subject untried theories, or unknown persons to this refining cru cible. We do not give heed to anyone who fears to submit his proposition to the test, either. Such as these get small hearing. The people suspect them immediately of spuriousness, of having a scheme which they, them selves, do not believe in or they would not seek to evade the commor iudgment.-Omaha Bee. Don't Cuff a Child. "Don't box a naughy child's ears. Don't allow any provocation to tempt you to strike a child on the head," is the injunction contained in an articl, on skulls issued by the International Hygiene Exposition at Dresden. Cor poral punishment of any kind, says the writer, is wrong, but when the head is the point of contact between the angry parent and the child the former may easily become a murderer. in a collection of skulls at the exposi tion, lent by the Wurzburg university, there are many of children as well as adulO which show that the abnor mally thin skull is not unusually found, even in otherwise normal hu man beings, and the causes of death, which are stated on cards attached to the skulls, are intended to serve as warnings to parents, teachers and guardians. A Motoring Trip. "Well, Binks, I see you've returned from your thousand-mile tour in New England," said BJones. "Yep," said Binks. "How did you find the hotels an route?" asked BJones. "Hotels?" retorted Binks. We dldn't stop at any hotels. We passed all our nights in the county jails."-Harper. Weekly 'HELD AS GRIP THIEF SCHOOL TEACHER IS THEN CON. VICTED OF LAND FRAUDS. Suit Case Gives Better Evidence Than Stolen Property-Man Is Given Term in the Leavenworth Prison. Sioux Falls, S. D.-J. E. Darling, school teacher and alleged profession al wholesale grip thief, has been ta ken to the federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kan., to serve a sen tence by the United States court of one and a half years for perjury in a land case. Darling combined his alleged grip stealing with teaching and making en tries of homesteads. For a time he taught in a little country school in a remote region in Brule county, a Mis souri river county in the central part of the state, and, later, in a country school at Crandall, Brown county, in the north central part of the state. It was at Crandall that Sheriff Parmley of Brule county found him with a warrant and arrested him on the charge of the larceny of some grips. The sheriff was then unaware of the importance of his capture. Thirty-five grips, it w'as alleged, were found in Darling's possession, and his arrest on a federal charge followed in spection of the contents of his own grip, in which, it was charged, were found papers showing he had made entry to several homesteads under dif ferent names. The federal authorities charged him with perjury and he was indicted on this charge. For two and a half years grips were stolen at stations in several states. Some of the best railroad de tectives in the country were put on the trail of the grip thief, but were unable to catch him because he flit ted about the country from place to place and frequent changes in name also helped to baffle the detectives. It was decided that the same grip thief was operating in the states from Ohio to Montana. Anout two hundred grips were stolen at railroad stations. The grip thief would check stolen grips to himself at some other point, go there, steal the grips again, hide them, and then complain to the de pot agent of his loss. Then a claim would be put in against the railroad company, and in many instances he was paid for the grips declared to be It was while traveling about the country engaged in stealing grips, it was alleged, that he made the va rious entries of homesteads charged to him. One entry was in the name of William P. Darling, one in the name of Alton J. Darling, another in the name of Earl Darling, and he is said to have asumed the names of Andrew J. Brown and Abraham C. Darling. It was said that he made two homestetad entries in the Rapid City (S. D.) land district, and one each in the Belle Fourche and Lem mon land districts in western and northwestern South Dakota. Darling, it was charged, checked a grip to a small station, where a youth was agent, baggage-master and opera tor, stole the grip, hid it, and when the boy agent could not honor his check, declared the grip contained $1,500 worth of Jewelry, for which he must be reimbursed or he would have the boy discharged. The frightened agent, it is said, paid $50 to Darling and promised to pay the remainder in $10 monthly pay ments, several of which were paid, it is alleged, before Darling was arrest. ed and convicted in the land case. AN ENGINEER'S QUEER ERROR Runs His Passenger Train Ten Miles on Wrong Track and Then Backs Up. Maoon, Ga.-A curious mistake hap. pened to the Georgia railroad pas. senger train. Three miles from the city there is a junction, where a common track branches out into four directions, one going to Savannah, another to Augus. ta, another to Athens, and the fourth being a siding. This train was bound for Augusta, but somehow or other the switch was turned wrong, and it en tered upon the Savannah track, going ten miles before the engineer discov ered his mistake. He brought the train to an immedi ate stop, and discovered that only a short distance ahead of him there was another train which, if he had con tinued, he would have met in a head on collision. The train backed to the junction and then proceeded to Au. gusta. Hen Full of Morphine. Thomaston, Conn.-The authorities here are investigating the case of a local poultryman who is accused of administering morphine to his hens. The poultryman admits the charge, but declares that his action is not il legal. He says that he wished to raise some very early pullets, and his hens refused to set. Then he decided to use the drug to accomplish his wish. Plows Up $19,000 In Paper. Muskogee, Okla.-Negotiable securi ties worth $19,000 were found in a field near here on the farm of Mrs. N. B. Moore, an Indian's widow. A farm hand plowed up a rusty tin can containing the papers. The securities were returned to a bank at Taft, Okla., from which they were stolen by robbers, who blew the institution's vault last summer. COTTON TREES OF BRAZIL Pods Contain a Long and Strong Fiber Good for Blankets and Cotton Twine. There are indigenous to Brazil and growing wild in certain regions two well-known species of trees which are of interest to the commercial world because of their possibilities as pro ducers of cotton fiber. To those who know the cotton-growing industry as it exists in the United States and in other countries, the idea of cotton be ing produced from trees presents a decided novelty. Not the least re markable fact about these trees is their occurrence in precisely those regions where it has seemed to be im possible or at least difficult to. grow ordinary cotton. No other country in the world possesses so large an area of land which may be utilized for the growing of cotton as does Brazil, and that in other areas it is possible to cultivate trees for the production of cotton fibers must appeal to the tex tile-producing world as indicating that Brazil must be reckoned with as a future source of large quantities of the world's cotton supply. One of these trees is called "Bar raguda," from its being barrel shaped, after the peculiar, swelled trunk which is its characteristic. The tree grows twenty-five to thirty-five feet in height, tapering from the great bulge in the trunk to a very slender one, from which branches form about twelve feet above the ground. The trunk is entirely covered with hard and sharp thorns. The pods in which the cotton grows are five to eight inches long and two to four inches in diameter. The fiber is coarse and white and adheres closely to the seeds, which are somewhat smaller than peas. It is a long and a strong fiber, and while too coarse for use in textiles of any degree of fineness, it would lend itself admirably to the fabrication of blankets, cotton twine, and a large variety of other mate rials. The habitat of this tree is in cen tral and southern Bahia, and it grows to a lesser extent in the State .of Pernambuco.-Consular Reports. Starves Self Fifty Years. A strange case of a brother's fifty years' voluntary starvation was brought to light lately by the death, near Lucerne, of a Swiss shepherd, named Dangell. Dangeli, who was seventy-seven years of age, was found lying on some straw in a barn. He was in the last stages of exhaustion, and was starving. "My papers are correct," Dangeli told the farmer. "You will find that I am wearing three suits of clothes. In each of the suits are pockets in which you will find al together $6,400 in notes and shares. For fifty years I have worked in France as a shepherd, and I saved al most every penny of my earnings for my sister. I walked from France to Lucerne so that she will benefit by every farthing of my savings." The money was found on Dangeli, and given to his sister. She believed him to have died long ago. Any Oil to Order. She had been married a week, but she wasn't going to show it. She had spent half the morning scrubbing the newness off her shopping bag and the other half in practicing a supercilious droop of the eyelids before her mir ror. And she was quite sure of her self as she sailed into the local de partment store. "Yes, madam?" asked the floorwalk er in a voice of milk and honey, "and what can I show you?" "I want-something in oil," she de manded, "suitable for my dining room." "Quite so, madam; quite so," said the floorwalker, gazing meditatively at her wedding ring. "Would you pre fer salad oil, oilcloth, oil paintings, or sardines?"-Rehoboth Sunday Herald. Hog That Climbed a Ladder. When Charles Prausa of Kadlee, Wis., heard a racket in his apple or chard during the night he started out with his gun to investigate, says the Milwaukee Sentinel. He saw some thing pulling apples from a tree and supposed it was a person. He de manded a surrender, but no answer came. Then he threatened to shoot. In due time he pulled the trigger and upon closer investigation discovered that he had shot one of his own hogs. The hog had climbed up on a step ladder and was helping himself to the apples. Paper and Ink for O0th Money. The materials that go to make up our paper money are gathered to gether from all parts of the world. Part of the paper fiber is linen rag from the Orient. The silk comes from China or Italy. The blue ink is made from German or Canadian cobalt. The black ink is made from Niagara falls acetylene gas smoke, and most of the green ink is green color mixed in white zinc sulphite made in Germany. The red color in the seal is obtained from a pigment imported from Cen tral America.-Scientific American. One for Each Face. A western politician had quite a rep atation in his own town for successful duplicity. It was generally believed that his idea of party principles was to work and vote with the winning side. He once entered the store of a druggist who happened, at the time, to be opposed to him politically. q" want a jar of face cream," he said. "Be sanitary, Tom," replied the drug gist. "Get two jars."-From Buooeeess Magazine. '1 THE '44 SCRAP BOOK )-LEGS, X-LEG8S AND STRAIGHT LEGS. Nobody has straight legs-that is, egs that are perfestly parallel. What are commonly so called are the mildest degree of X-legs, while those that are technic ally most nearly straight are the mildest degree of O-legs. / X-legs and 0 legs are the names given to bow-legs and knock-knees by Professor Francke, writing in the lfuenchener Medirinische Wochen schrift, who bases his remarks upon the examination of 1,100 pairs of legs taken at random. O-legs ilways look like strong limbs, while X-legs give the impres sion of weak members. Professor Prancke lays down the rule that if when standing in a natural position the knees and ankles touch without forcing, the subject has straight legs. If, with the ankles touching, there is as much as two centimeters between the knees, it is bow-legged. If, with the knees touching, there be two centime ters between the ankles, it is knock kneed or X-legged. Children born with O or straight legs tend o become X-legged while learning to walk, but this condition tends to disappear in men up to the twenty-third year, or in perhaps 25 per cent. up to the thirty-eighth year. Women, however, tend to remain knock-kneed or X-legged throughout life, as a result of their skirts and their lack of exercise. The ancient Greeks never had and modern savages never have X-legs, which, Professor Francke says, are consequences of civilization and tend to imply physical inferiority. TASTE HAS IMPROVED. Goats with a pronounced taste for lingerie, are said to be making life uncomfortable for women of a subur ban section of Philadelphio. Until re cently the goats seemed to be con tent with tomato cans and wash boll. Ors, but now nothing will suffice bu. the daintiest of muslins, and ward robes are growing so depleted that Irate bands of householders are form ing to kill the animals, unless steps are taken by the authorities to keep them penned up. MONOCLES FOR LADIES. Although not quite a new fashion, monocles for ladies have never been quite so popular as they are today. During a walk down Bond street one invariably sees several la dies wearing the monocle quite nat urally and with out any of that facial contortion which men often affect. Ladies' monocles are usually gold-rimmed, although sometimes the plain glass is worn. In view of the fact that spats, walking-sticks, ciga rettes, and monocles are now items of fashionable feminine attire, people are asking, What next? BELL-BEARER. One of the curiosities of Brazil is shown in the accompanying illustra tion. This insect, which is known to folks generally as the "bell-bearer," has a particularly long and slender thorax, from which arises a vertical appendage which bears the horizontal bar ar rangement upon which the four little black hairy balls are situated. Its size is about half an inch from tip to tip of wings. BOAT AS ROOF. Those who have roamed over the wild Cornish cliffs may often have come across these tiny fishermen's huts roofed with old fishing boats. They present a very quaint ap pearance. The boat is placed up side down, with an edging of cement where it rests upon the wall, forming t perfectly watertight roof.-London Laewara, TO GAIN GATES OF HEAVEN Natives of India Still Believe Death Under Wheels of Juggernaut In sures Eternal Bliss. Orissa, India.-In the third week in June of this year, following a custom established over a thousand years ago, Hindus by tens of thousands will flock to Pouri, in Orissa, India, for the relig ious festival of Juggernaut. From the temple the famous car of Juggernaut will be brought forth and dragged through the streets. It will head the annual procession of devotees of the god Vishnu, or Juggersaut, Lord of the Universe, whose image, or statue, without legs and with stumps of arms, rests within the colossal car. Hundreds of pilgrims will harness themselves to the stout cables by which the car is drawn. As they pull Car of Juggernaut. the ponderous car in its clumsy wheels, many will work themselves up to a degree of religious fervbr little short of madness. And fanatics there will be, as of old, who will attempt to throw themselves to destruction un der the murderous wheels, as a volun tary sacrifice to their idol. But this year, as for many years past, British civil officers will be on hand to pre vent any act of suicide. Hindus believe that to gain the fa vor of Juggernaut opens for them the gates of heaven. Therefore, in the days before the British occupation of India, natives occasionally cast their bodies under the car to be crushed to a pulp, the belief being that such self immolation speedily would be reward ed by entrance into Paradise. The car is 43 feet high. Its wheels are each more than six feet high. A wooden cage around the top, an addi tion of recent years, keeps fanatics from jumping upon the car in the hope of looking upon their idol within. Body and wheels are of wood beautifully sculptured and inlaid, and for the fes tival the car is draped with gold cloth. OLDEST WELL IN THE WORLD. Place Where Confucus Drew Water as Boy Now Used as Shrine. Pekin.-Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 B. C., was a moralist rather than a religious founder, his method of teaching being like that of Socrates. It was not till about 500 years later that he was defied. His nearest lineal descendant has the title of duke and ranks next to Well 2,450 Years Old. princes of the blood. The well from which he drew water as a boy is 2,450 years old and is now used as a shrine. The well is in the grounds of the Confucian temple at Kufow. Con fucius, although of very ancient line age, was brought up in poverty. At the age of 50 he became minister of crime in his native state of Lu (mod ern Shantung), but his uprightness made him unpopular, and he was ban ished. Later, he returned and spent his last days writing his famous maxims. NEW GUNS ON CONNECTICUT Four New Fangled Pieces of Arms. ment Are to Be Put Aboard Flag. ship of Atlantic Fleet. New York.-Four new fangled 12 inch guns are to be givdn a tryout on the big battle ship Connecticut, fagship of the Atlantic fleet, which has just tied up at the Brooklyn navy yard for overhauling. The work of taking out the old guns and placing the new ones will take about two weeks. The Connecticut has an enviable record at target practice and the new guns will be handled by a crew of ex perts, who are regarded as nearly world's champions. Their good work is shown by the score of thirteen hits out of fourteen shots from one of her 12 inch turrets at a range of 14,000 yards, or nearly eight miles. Two Cents a Week for Children. London.-Two cents per week pocket money is to be allowed by the guardians to the children boarded out from Sheppey (Kent) union work house, so as to place them in the same position as other children.