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WHICH SHALL IT BE?
PATRONIZE HOME MERCHANTS AND PROSPER OR CATALOG DEALERS AND JUST EXIST. THE QUESTION BEfOlE OUR PEOPLE Country Towns and Rural Districts Bound to Receive the Award Either Way You Buy-Two Short Instances Given for Study. The growth of the big city catalogue houses and the tendegcy of a consid erable part of the country public tc patronize them, presents a problem that is more vital and serious in its probable effects upon our national well-being and prosperity than mosat people realize. The writer has no quarrel with the catalogue houses themselves. They have as much right to do business as anyone else and there is nothing ille. gal or necessarily wrong in their sys tem of business. It is also possible for a catalogue house to conduct its business along strictly fair and hon orable lines, though not having the same degree of personal responsibility as the local merchant, and having no particular interest in the community or in the people with whom they do business, they do not have the same incentive to give good value and serv ice for the money as the home mer chant. Nevertheless, it is not so much the catalogue houses themselves or their methods we are concerned with as it is the question of which system of business is preferable from the view point of the greatest good to the gen eral public. For, be assured, the two systems-local trading and catalogue house trading-are irreconciliable; either one can prosper or increase only at the expense of the other. It is competition, strenuous and fair, which the home merchant must ex pect and can meet. As between the two systems it is evident that catalogue house trading is an influence that tends to draw trade and population away from coun try towns and rural communities into the big cities. It tends to increase the congestion of business and people in these big centers with its many at tendant social and industrial evils. It also tends to stifle country trading, kill off the country town and the farm er's market for his produce, causes depreciation of town and farm land values and in every way makes the country a less desirable place in which to live. A Great Common Danger. The following thoughtful article wai written by H. G. Kruse, editor Bentol County Times, Vinton, Iowa: More and more plainly the faci dawns upon our mind that the systen of centralized distribution now gain ing a strong hold on the people is a menace to the institutions of our com anon country and is a system fraughi with danger to our very liberties Heretofore we have looked upon the great catalogue houses as agencies filling a certain want, but that theory will not stand an impartial and intel ligent investigation. Suppose this idea is carried out to the limit and that the catalogue concerns absorb all the business of the country. What theni We will tell you 'what then." Say that the catalogue concerns have sup" planted the local distributaries. Is it to be supposed they will rest content With one-half of the country's busi ness? Not much. The selling of everything will be only/ one function of the great centralized system of dis tribution; next will come the buying of everything, and with the selling of all articles of commerce in the hands of the few and the buying of all prod ucts in the hands of these same few, where are we, the common run of peo ple, to find a place in which to exer cise our powers as individuals; and what is to become of the freedom and liberties our farmer friends now en Joy under a widely spread competitive system. We have all along gone on the theory that the man who earns his money has the right to spend it where he wills, and we still believe in that theory, with certain modifications, but the question of buying where one wills has something involved besides the mere question of right. There is the future to think of. If the present tendency remains un checked the United States of the fu ture will comprise a few extremely rich, who will manufacture, buy and distribute, and millions upon millions of ordinary men, wholly dependent upon those few. The greatest good for the greatest number is the under lying, principle that should guide man and governments in their attitude to ward all public questions. Now if the increased power of the catalogue houses will mean a greater good to the greatest number, let us welcome that power and the few of us who mary be seriously affected seek in other lines of endeavor the success we hope to attain. But what may seem a present ad vantage to the greatest number, gives promise of actual disaster to the greatest number. This question of distribution is the greatest question before the American people. Lett us consider it in thi way: Will it be best for me and m; children and my children's childrei to maintain the present competitive system, or will it be best to graduall: adopt a plutocratic-socialistic dictrina of a centralized system of distribu tion? Will it be best to have keen progressive local business interests buying and selling farm products, o: will it be best to have great center where the buying and selling of tarn products will be carried on? This question of the catalogue house system of distribution goes beyond the local merchant. It is not his interesti that are to be considered, but the in terests of the many and of posterity. True, there is a duty men owe tc their communities as such, because the lives of all are interwoven-n( man in a community lives unto him self alone-and when local business institutions flourish all feel the bene ficial effects. There are the schoole to build and support, the roads tc maintain, and last but not least, there stretches forth in times of disaster of distress the helping hand of the local business man, who looks upon you as his neighbor. He is one of the cogs in a useful piece of machinery, fitting in with you and me as the other neces sary cogs. The merchants here and all over the land purpose to combat the present tendency of centralization. If in the right and if their efforts are well di. rected, they shall succeed. If in the wrong, no harm will come of their eft forts and the efforts of their friends in the country, for, whether right or wrong, a closer bond of sympathy will have been established between man and man. But they are not in the wrong. Parable of the Misspent Money The following from the Mayville (N. D.) Tribune contains food for thought: Once upon a time in the land of Uncle Sam a colony of people organ ized themselves into a town. The town grew and waxed fat upon the produce of the land roundabout, and the people dwelt happily under their own vines and fig trees, and the tradesmen built emporiums of mer chandise, and all was well. More peo ple joined the colony from year to year until the town was a place of population and prosperity. But the time came when into the midst of the town crawled a serpent of discord, yclept the mail order cata logue, which whispered into the ears of the people a siren song of big bar gains, the same being a fable and a take. Thereat the people thought they saw a good thing, and they bit. In the course of events the merchants closed their doors and removed to other towns wherein as yet the mail order serpent had not entered. Large hollyhocks grew up before the closed doors, and grass grew in the streets, whereof the cows ate bountifully. It was fun for the cows, but death to the town. THE ROYAL NEWLYWEDS Kaiser Urges Daughter and Her Hue band to Devote Lives to People. Berlin.-Prince Ernest August o1 Cumberland and Princess Victoria Luise of Prussia, only daughter of the German emperor, whose wedding oc. curred Saturday with all the pomp and brilliancy of the most ceremonial court of Europe, will ascend the throne of the duchy of Brunswick at an early date. The direct line of rulers of the duchy became extinct in 1884. It was the will of the German em peror that the dethroned house of Hanover and the house of Hohenzol lern should be reconciled, and the em peror made this announcement in a toast at the state banquet at the Castle in which he exhorted the prince and princess to devote their lives to the service of the future subjects, and con firmed in pretty phrase the general belief that the marriage is a love match. Audience of Royal Blood. Emperor William spoke to an audi ence purely of royal blood, the diplo matic representatives, the ministers and other guests dining in other rooms. The stately torch dance formed a fitting conclusion to a series of bril liant pictures. This followed the his toric ceremonial, except that the can dles borne before the bride were carried by 12 pages, instead of by the ministers. SOCIALISTS RIOT IN LONDON Crowds Charged by London Police Children Trampled On. London.-Victoria park, in the west end, was the scene of rioting Sunday when trade unionists and socialists at tempted to hold a demonstration in support of votes for women. The crowd stormed a truck on which were Sylvia Pankhurst and other militant suffragettes and dragged it outside the park. Mounted and foot police, by repeat ed charges, finally drove the crowd away. Men and women fainted in the crush, and children were trampled upon. There were innumerable free fights, and ambulance corps were kept busy. Suffragettes parade with their col ors, the standard bearers wearing red liberty caps. This caused more disor der. Suffragettes have attempted to blow up Wheatley hall, at Doncaster, owned by Sir William Cooke. The place was unoccupied. Holland is the greatest prchaser of American cotton seed oil, with Great Britain ranking next. THIRTY-SEVEN KILLED GREAT AUDITORIUM ON SHORE AT LONG BEACH NEAR LOS ANGELES COLLAPSED. CEIEBRATION OF QUEEI'S BIRTHDAY Top Gallery Fell Onto the First When Whole Bunch Caved Into 25 Feet of Water-Resoe Difficoult- Hundreds Injured. Long Beach, Cal.-Too weak to up hold the burden of nearly 10,000 hu man beings, assembled for the festivi. ties of the British Empire day celebra tion, the land end of the big double decked pier in front of the city audi torium collapsed Saturday. Hundreds of people on the top deck were dropped down on the heads of other hundreds crowded on the deck below. The lower deck then gave way and all were dropped down a chute of shat tered woodwork to the tide-washed sands 25 feet below. Thirty-three people-mostly women -were killed by the shivered timbers, or crushed to death by the falling bodies. Fifty more were seriously in jured, while hysteria and paralyzing fright disabled scores. A section of the auditorium also went down in the crash and the debris from it was added to the wreckage that fell on top of the injured and the dead. The victims were subjects and for mer subjects of Great Britain, resident in southern California. Damage Suits. Prospective damage suits aggregat ing probably $1,000,000 or more and a grand jury investigation now engage the attention of city officials as the most probable outcome of the disaster when 36 persons lost their lives in the collapse of a portion of the municipal pier just after the close of the British "Empire day" pageant. Death List Grows · The list is expected to be further in. creased by the death of Marguerite Reed, aged 12, of Long Beach, whose back was broken, and of William Coop, er of Pasadena, one of the two veter. ans of the Crimean war, who were in the van of the parade. The grand jury inquiry will be start ed immediately. Rotten 7 imbers. Several broken timbers, which are expected to show the general condition of the pier and thus aid in developing evidence of negligence, if there be any, were taken out of the pier Sunday and locked up under official seal. The weakness of the pier which was built eight years ago and 'never re 'paired in that particular portion, is be lieved to have been due to decay caused by the action of salt air on wood and its iron fasteners and sup ports. Revised List of Dead. Following is a revised list of the dead: Mrs. August Bartz, Long Beach. Virgil Bayless, 4, Long Beach. Thomas Beck, Long Beach. David Scott Black, 10, Glendale. Mrs. Martha J. Burnett, Long Beach. Mrs. Isabelle Bush, Long Beach. Mrs. George Chafon, Los Angeles. Mrs. Sarah Jane Cheshire, Los An geles. Mrs. Richard George Dowle, Pasa dena. Mrs. Anne L. Eales, Los Angeles. George Ernest Eales, Los Angeles. Mrs. Mollie Gales, Oak Park, Ill. Mrs. Arthur C. Helps, Long Beach. Mrs. A. K. Hill, Orange. Miss Lilly M. Holme, Denver. Mrs. Ida Ingraham, Pasadena. Mrs. C. H. Lawrence, wife of the Rev. C. H. Lawrence, Los Angeles. Mrs. Warren C. Lett, Long Beach. Dorothy Lett, Long Beach. Harry Lett, 7, Long Beach. Miss Anna Longfellow, Pasadena. Mrs. Frank Matthews, Los Angeles. Mrs. M. P. McDonald, Compton. Mrs. Fannie Pace McGehee, Long Beach. Mrs. D. M. McSparron, Long Beach. Miss Frances Harriett Newell, Ke nosha, Wis. Mrs. James Nichol, Long Beach. Mrs. Emma Prigmore, Long Beach. Mrs. W. Richardson, Orange. Mrs. Frank Shaw, Los Angeles. Miss Anna Stone, Long Beach. Mrs. D. S. Thomas, Long Beach. Mrs. E. C. Valentine, Long Beach. Mrs. D. E. Wallace, Long Beach. Mrs. Jans Wyvel, Los Angeles. Ethel Wyvl, Los Angeles. PRESIDENT WILSON USES PHONOGRAPH Dictates Message to Be Taken to Indians Everywhere. Washington.-President Wilson sat in his study Saturday and sent a mes sage by phonograph to the American Indians. It will be translated into the various tribal dialects and taken on a 22,000-mile tour of Indian reservations of the country by Dr. Joseph K. Dea con of Philadelphia, of the Rodman. , anamaker expedition. It is planned to .let every Indian tribe hear the I White Father's message. Secretary I Lane and Acting Commissioner Abbott I also made records. "I rejoice to foresee the day," said i the president in part, quoting Thomas t Jefferson, "when the red man becomes truly one people with us, enjoying all the rights and privileges w4 do, and T iving in peace and plenty." a MONTANA BRIEFS A railway from Billings to Cook City is proposed. George S. Miller in the new postmai ter at Deer Lodge. The plans to bond Powell county to $100.000 for the construction of higi ways is to be presented to voters. Dr. J. M. Scanland and family a Butte are now at Long Beach, Cal and soon will leave for a tour of the world. Unless all signs fail this Flatheai county copper strike is the bigges thing that has happened in mining cie cles in years. As a reward for good behavior, con victs at the Deer Lodge penitentiar: regularly attend a motion picture shov at the prison each Sunday. The body of Levi Ernest Miner, who was killed recently in a fall down thi chute of the Ohio mine at Radersburg was taken to Butte for interment. Major J. .G. Sanders, a pioneer o Montana, was buried Sunday at Hel ena. He was a brother of the lat< former United States Senator W. F Sanders. Samuel Roberts is in jail at Glen dive to await the effects of gunshot wounds which he inflicted on Rat Lowe. The shooting occurred at a cat tle roundup. Our governor has appointed O. S Worden, Great Falls; S. J. Coffee, Mis soula, and I. D. O'Donnell, Billings members of the board of directors ol the Montana state fair. State Senator J. M. Darroch, wher at Livingston recently, reported a mosi successful lambing season. He is one of the largest sheep raisers in the state and is for free wool. Governor Stewart has gone to Wash ington, D. C., where he goes for a con ference with the secretary of the in terior relative to the matter of th< northern Montana irrigation projects The oid mountain howitzer, stored in the government arsenal at Virginia City, used for protection against In dian depredations in the early days, has been mounted in the courthouse yard there. A suit for $300,000 against F. Augus tus Heinze, the copper magnate, by the New York state banking department was begun in the supreme court, Brooklyn, Tuesday. It is charged that Heinze borrowed $230,000 on 24 notes. Governor S*ewart has appointed the commission provided for at the last session of the legislature to represent Montana at the celebration of the fif tieth anniversary of the battle of Get tysburg, Pa., July 1-6, composed of vet erans of both northern and southern armies. Henry McNinch of Dillon won his suit against his son to have set aside deeds to the home ranch, which he had given to his son, on the grounds of misrepresentation The father is una ble to read or write and claimed that :he papers which he signed at the re luest of his son were thought to be of in entirely different nature. The first of the cases resulting from the sensational charges made against a number of young men and prominent Great Falls business men by Beatrice Unger, 15 years old, of Ryegate, who alleged a felonious assault under the consent statute, resulted in acquittal of defendant. The trial lasted but half a day and the jury required nearly as long to make its verdict. Officers and stockholders in the Montana Power Co. and representa tives of the Anaconda Copper Mining Co. are in Thompson Falls, Mont., making preparations to begin work immediately on buildings for the ex tensive power plant to be established there by the Thompson Falls Power Co. Announcement has been made that the project will be rushed to com pletion, as it is to provide electric power to operate trains on the Mil waukee railway line through western Montana. SCHOOL TEACHERS' CONVENTION Salt Lake City to Do the Honors July 5-11. School teachers who attend the Na tional Education Association conven tion in Salt Lake City July 5 to 11 will have an opportunity of making a first hand study of the inland sea at a time when properties of the water are demonstrated daily by hundreds of bathers. Swimmers and non-swimmers alike float like corks atop the water. No one ever drowns in the Great Salt Lake. This peculiar body of water, cover ing many square miles, contains 22 per cent salt. It gives the water a buoyancy that causes the human body to float. Salt Lake City is preparing to en tertain the largest convention in the history of the National Education as sociation. The state of Utah has ap propriated $7,000 and funds from other sources insure proper handling of the convention. The Tabernacle, where the general sessions will be held, seats L0,000 persons. Stefansson Starts on Arctic Trip New York.-Vilhj·lmar Stefansson, :omz :ander of the Canadian arctic ex podition which will seek the "un -nown continent" that scientists be leve exists .in the arctic, has left for 3ttawa, Ont., the first stage of the lourney to Victoria, where h3 will join ;he expedition, arriving about June 4. Thomas Sullivan, 112 years old, of Williams Bay, Wis., takes a cold bath every morning, unaided. NEWS 9F THE WORLD ITEMS Olt GENERAL INTEREST FRESH FPROM THE DAILY TEIGORAPH WIRES. ffROM lORUN ID DOMESTIC I fl! Happenin qNational Historical and Political and Personal Events Told ,in Brief Paragraphs 40o Busy Readers. The Rev amuel A. ±l!iot was re cently reet ged president of the Amer ican Unitaan association. A federal investigation of the strike of coal miners in the Paint creek re gion in West Virginia is assured. Nine men were drowned recently when a m blew a pile driver and a barge a e nea- Katalla, Alaska. The next meeting of the American Seed T de association will .be held at Cleve td, Ohio, June 24 and 26. The Missouri public service commis sion holds that interstate transporta tion can-be issued to newspapers in exchange 'for advertising. Secrdtary of the Navy Josephus Dan iels trav'ied eight miles in eight min utes recently through the air in a fly ing boat at Annapolis, Md. Under a bill approved by Governor Tener ten verses of the Bible must be read a day without comment in the public schools of Pennsylvania. The Balkan states only ask for a war indemnity of 2,000,000,000 francs ($400,000,000), of which Bulgaria's share would be 1,000,000,000 francs. Republican senators plan to insist upon amendments to nearly every item in the Underwood tariff bill when it comes before the senate for discussion. Amid, scenes of intense patriotic en thusianm, General Mar'- Menocal was inaugurated at Havana, May 20, as the third presiders of the Cuban republic. At Joplin, Mo., John Thralls, a min er, shot and killed Edward Skelton, . politician, in the latter's store here for paying too much attention to hip wife. The 'National Harness Manufactur ers' association convention dates have been set for July 21 to 23 inclusive C leveland will have the honor of en tertaining the delegates. The 'Mexican congress has sane tioned to an agreement for a loan oj $100,000,000 at 6 per cent interest. The amount is guaranteed by 38 per ceni of the customs receipts. An urn conta'ning a collection of gold articles, attributed by experts tc the seventh and eighth centuries be fore the Christian era, was uncovered recently by well diggers on the estate in the vicinity of Ebeswalde, about 21 miles from Berli2. The largest crop of winter wheat ever raised in this country is Indi. cated by the government report for May. It the present condition is maintained until harvest time, there will be a yield of 513,570,000 bushels, exceeding the crop last year by about 113,000,000 bushels, and the largest previous crop by about 21,000,000 bushels. PLANS FOR REPUBLICAN PARTY National Committee to Meet Soon After Congress Adjourns. Washington.-Leaders of the repub lican party-members of the executive committee of the national committee from twelve states-gathered here Sat urday and laid preliminary plans for the congressional campaign of 1914 and the national political battle of two years later. As a result the republican national committee will meet 60 days after the adjournment of the extra session of congress and an extraordinary.repub. lican national convention is expected not later than a year hence. Changes in the basis of representa tion in national conventions, and re form of methods or party procedure, which have been subject to criticism, will be disposed'of through these agen. cies. Close cooperation between the national committee and the congres sional campaign committee was agreed upon. The conference was the first formal meeting of republican leaders since the 1912 campaign. It was harmonious from the time Chairman Charles D. Hilles of the national committee called for order until the last motion was adopted. The need for reform within the party was not denied. The suggestion of the progressive element for a national convention in the near future was heard and sentiment was practically unanimous that such a convention should be held. HOPE TO TAKE HERMOSILLO Mexican Federals Expect to Have So noran Capital This Week. Mexico City.-The war department expresses the belief that before the end of the week the government will be in possession of Hermosillo, capital of Sonora; that much will bp accom plished toward reopening the Mexican 1 Central railroad between Chihuahua Ind Torrecn, and fair progress will be made in the campaign now being di. rected from Monterey. The attack on Morelia, capital of Michoacan, Saturday was repulsed by J ;he federals. You may send parcels C. O. D. after ruly 1. 1 SPORTINU COLUMN The Tacoma club has released Lou Nordyke. The New York Yacht club has ca bled to the Royal Ulster Yacht club, definitely accepting Sir Thomas Lip ton's challenge for the America's cup. Joe Mandot of New Orleans recently was knocked out in the twelfth round of his scheduled 20-round fight with "Bud" Anderson of Vancouver, Wash. Gunboat Smith made a chopping block of the slow and awkward Jess Williard in their recent fight at Los Angeles. Smith got the decision in the 20th round. The North tentral high school track team earned a well-deserved victory over the Lewis and Clark high school squad of Spokane, by a score of 80 to 61. A. V. Macan of Victoria won the golf championship of the Pacific northwest at Butte by defeating E. J. Barker, who wins the runner-up medal for the championship event. At Montreal, Stanislaus Zbyszko was given the decision over Constant Le marin Saturday on a foul in the first period of a scheduled best two out of three wrestling match. Tommy Burns' arena, the scene of the recent tragic event, when Luther McCarthy lost his life, was totally de stroyed by fire Sunday. The origin of the fire is a mystery. Joe Bayley of Victoria, Canadian lightweight champion, successfully de fended his title against Ernie Bar rieau of Vancouver, B. C., recently, when the referee stopped the fight in the 10th round to prevent a knockout. The bout was scheduled to go 15 rounds. An all-American college field record was broken at Walla Walla Saturday in the dual track meet between Whit man college and the University of Idaho when Phillips of Idaho hurled the Javelin 186 feet, or eight feet bet ter than his previous record in the Idaho-W. S. C. meet several days ago. The University of Washington track team won the dual meet from Wash ington State college (Pullman) Satur day by a score of 68 to 63. The meet, which. was crowded with new north west conference records and surprises, was decided by the relay race, which was won by McGillicuddy, Clyde, Crites and McFee running for the uni versity, which set a new conference record by running the mile in three minutes 28 seconds, an average of 52 seconds a quarter. Champion McCarty Killed Within two minutes from the start of the scheduled 10-round fight at Cal gary, Alberta, for heavyweight honors, Luther McCarty took the count of 10, knocked out by Arthur Pelkey's ter rific drive just below the heart, and eight minutes later died from heart failure, superinduced by the blow. McCarty was born Lincoln, Neb., March 17, 1892. Height 6 feet 4 inches. Weight 215 pounds. Reach, 81 inches. Nationality, Indian-Irish. Arthur Pelkey was arrested on the charge of manslaughter by the North western mounted police and later re leased on bail. The death of McCarty adds another fatality to a long list of fighters killed in prize ring battles. Bob Fitzsimmons knocked out Con Reardon in an exhibition bout at Syra cuse, N. Y., some years ago and Rear don never recovered consciousness. Owen Moran, the English light weight, killed Thomas McCarthy with a blow in a bout at San Francisco in 1910. Other deaths in San Francisco include: Harry Tenney, who died after a clash with Frankie Neil in 1906; Jimmy Franey who died from the result of the blows of Jimmy O'Connell in 1900; "Ginger" Williams, who was a victim of "Kid" Kenneth's punch 10 years alter. LEAGUE BALL AT SPOKANE AT HOME. With Vancouver: May 26, 27, 2.8, 29, 30, 31, June 1. With Tacoma: June 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. Aug. 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. With Victoria: June 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29. Aug. 31, Sept. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. With Portland: June 80, July 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Sept. 22, 28, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28. With Seattle: July 28, 29, 30, 31, Aug. 1, 2, 3. Aug. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. ON THE COAST. kt Victoria: Aug. 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30. ºt Portland: June 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22. Aug. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 1t Tacoma: July 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. 1t Seattle: July 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27. Sept. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. Lt Vancouver: July 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.. Sept. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 2. France to Borrow $200,000,000. Paris.-The draft of a bill athoriz ing the French government to borrow $200,000,000 for 20 years in order to meet military expenses was submitted to the cabinet by Charles Dumont, minister of finance, and approved. Chicago Burglars Steal $20,000 Chicago.-Burglars took $20,000 in Jewelry and money from the residence of William Jaeger, vice president of the Arms Palace Horse Car company. The thieves entered through a bath. room window.