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THE PRODUCERS NEWS
PAPER OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLE Continuing the OUTLOOK PROMOTER PEOPLES PURIABBING COMPANY, PUBIJSHER Entered as Second Class Matter, October 18, 1912, at the Post office at Plentywood, Montana, Under the Act of March 3, 1879. CHARLES E. TAYLOR, Editor anil Manager. Advertising rates on Communication should application. Sub- be addressed to The scription 1 year in Producers News, Box advance, $2.00 six 587, Plentywood, Mon months $1.25. tana. Quack, fraudulent and ii responsible firms are not knowingly advertised, and we will take it as . favor if any reader will advise us promptly should they have occasion to doubt .or question the re liability of any firm which patronizes our advertising columns. Friday, November 21, 1919 REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT It may not have occurred to the president that his calling of a conference of capital, labor and the public is an indicationsof the way Amei cani representative government has been' perverted. Our city press appears to have regarded the move as i cessary and proper. But if our representative government were what the teri implies all these elements of the conference, capitalists, labor,' farmers would be adequately represented in congress and no spe cial, arbitrary attempt to bring these interests together mould have been needed. And being represented in congress they mould long since have ironed out the difficulties which now loom so large on the social horizon. By manipuating district representation the vested interests have secured almost the unanimous vote of our law-making bodies. There is little honest doubt as to what group in our nation nearly all the 323 lawyers in congress stand for. Few seriously believe that one man can represent all the varied interests of a district-capitalists, usurers, utility interests, the farmers, the laboring men, the professional men, or that the upshot of trying to represent all is representation of the vested interests. How can representative government be restored? The edi tor of the New York American has written a pamphlet suggest ing occupational instead of district representation. But this plan probably calls for too fundamental a change unless two other things nearer at hand fail. One of these is organization of the common people to seem e political power. The other is proportional representation. Proportional representation is a simple plan by which sev Farmers and city workers throughout the United States and Canada are now progressing rapidly in political organizatron. tAal representatives are elected from one large district and each element of the population in this district gets representation ac cording to the number of votes cast. These two things, awakened interest and organization of the common people and proportional representation, will restore rep -esentative gt -rnment in this country. IN MEMOR^A M Sinccuciy and joyously dedicated to the wandering souls in t2i political wilderness who foresee their im pending doom, yet are blind; to the derelicts who have had the iF dy and passed; and to the remaining immcov ables of fo }'d Ju -' v ho still insist that the farmer is a goat. Backward, turn backward, oh Time in thy flight; Give us "old times" again, just for tonight. These times of l ogression, adjusting men's rights, Fill my days ;.' depression, make a nightmaie of nights. Bring back Lc old ring boss and roil of "long green," Who could swing an election-when the gang had ,'been seen." Bring back the old "pork barrel" the friend of those days. Its far-distance twinkle seems now but a haze. Bring back the spellbinder, who thought that the boob Who pushed the plow handles was really a rube. Bring back the glad hand of the candidate wise Who kissed all of the babies while peddling his lies. Bring back the broad smiles of those big "crooked sticks" Who jollied the farmers, yet thought they were "hicks." Yes, Time in thy fleetness, bring back the old days And on its wan visage once more let us gaze. -E. R. Cline, in the McLenry Tribune. GENERAL WELFARE By Count Leo Toist'ey Tolstoy, wel-known Russiai1 novelist and general writer, who died in 1915, is con idesied the father of the Russian revolution. The th-me of his later serious writings was the need to re tsu n to the elementary prin ciples of Chrisiantity. The foliowurg, taken from his book, "I Cannot Be Sicenit,' publ;shed in 1909, illustiat*s the spirit of his chalkp=e 'o t I_ times in which he lived "Everything now being done in Russia is done in the name of general welfare, in the name of protection and tranquility of the inhabitants of Russia. And if this be so, then it is also all done for me, who live in Russia. For' me, therefore, exists the destitution of the people, d&prived of the first, most natural right of man-the right to use the land on which he is born; for me the half million men torn away from wholesome peasant life and dressed in uniforms and taught to kill; for me that false so-called priesthood, whose chief duty it is to pervert and conceal true Christianity; for me all these transporation of men from place to place; * * * for me the mothers, wives and fathers of the exiles, the prisoners, and fathers who are hanged, are suffering and those these dozens and hundreds; for me have been shot; * * * for me - exists this terrible embitterment of man against his fellow man. "Strange as is the statemeut that all this is done for me, and, that I am a participator in these terrible deeds, I can not but feel that there is an indubitable interdependence between'my spacious room, my dinner, my clothing, my leisure, and these terrible , crimes to get rid of these who would like to take frin me what I I use. And though I know that these homeless, embittered, de praved people-who but for the government's threat would de prive me of all I am using-are products of that same govern ment's actions, Still I cannot help feeling that, at present, my peace really is dependent on all the horrors that are now being perpetrated by the government." PIGS AND PORK (By C. W. Vonier) When a pig is pig lIe's not worth much, at least the packers 4 say, but when pig is pork in the packer's clutch they sing a diff'rent lay. When pig is pig he's a lowly, brute anid his price is sway, 'way down, but wie m he's pork aee the priee shoot at every shop in town. When pig is pig it's a lnek. (day~ when the farmser I comes out souare, notespeaking of profits in any way for the l'ibo~r and food and care. Whe~p pig is pork a emor two*s half of your salary dheck and e& good lobn rosit t:i phthpt 4 ew makes I yorbank asecaiunt & frk. STezily Bea pig the farmer takes I 'wperhaps surmised, the farmei's doa ini his attacs are organire$. TOBEAKIDAGAIN I'd like to be a kid again, for just one summer's day And throw away these guns and swords and run away to play A-down the yellow orchard lane and by the river's brim, And bring a line and fishhook, too, but first I'd have a swim. And I'4 watch the little ripples go wjirling down to sea, And speculate and marvel on the great man I would be; And wonder what the big world held-the world awaiting me- The world of silvery dream-drtt--the world I couldn't see. And then I wish the grimy shade of what I am today. Could steal beside the dreaming boy and watch him as he lay. And see the velvet starshine in the clear, untarnished eyes The eyes that couldn't see th world-that only saw the skies. -4. E. K1oiyraux. The Association of Railroad Executives of New York City has announced that "the nation votes against the government ownership of the railroads," because out of 5,922 editors through out the country to whom questionnaires were sent by this body, 83 per cent declares for the return of the roads to the private own ers;6 per cent were doubtful and only 13 per cent were opposed. The conclusion of these railroad magnates is entirely erroneous. Their questionnaires have shown only that 83 per cent of the edi tors of this country are controlled by big business and 6 per cent are intimidated. We are supposed to be alarmed :b'~out the pei ii tc the vested interests at the present time, but the historian of the future will write: "By the fall of 1919 the movem?'eit towa1t in'1 frstrial de mocracy was well under way not only in Europe but in the more prosperous and therefore more conservative America. At that time the great trusts brought the issue to a head by refusing to deal with labor collectively and by raiding farm prices under the pretense of reducing the cost of living." Cables from London report that the British Labor party has made a clean sweep of the municipal elections throughout the country. The victory has epecial significance for America as well as England, for labor there is rapidly organizing to secure politi cal power in the cities and join with the farmers in securing pow er in the state and nation. Since the British Labor party is only two years old, the Labor party is the second party in parliament, give promise of similar quick results here. The industrial magnates are trying to stampede the farmers into joining them in their fight on labor by shouting "Boblshevik." Milo H. Campbell, chairman of the national board of farm organi zations has allowed himself to be drawn into a movement to com bat radicalism. Everything is radical to the industrial magnate but rank reaction and oppression and the farmers who are allying themselves with these interests are endangering the whole mrove ment toward democracy. The Loyal American News, organ of a crew of Twin Cities politicians whose alias is the Loyal American club, again brings' to the people of Minnesota that light which failed with the pass ing of "The Nonpartisan," "America First," "On the Square," and the "Anti-Socialist." It is the same old insult to the intelligence of the farmers and working people of the state. An old-line insurance company thought it would make the farmers feel bad by withdrawing a burglary insurance policy on the Scandinavian American bank at Fargo just at the time when the anti-farmer crowd were making their raid. But the insur ance commissioner has withdrawn the company's license to do business on grounds of unfair business tactics and now somebody really does feel bad. With sugar ordered sold to the consumer at 11 cents a pound and with no limitation on the sugar trust, it is not hard to see who is paying for lowering the cost of sugar. Retailers must pay from $9.85 to $10.05 per hundred for this sugar, not including freight. Then they must put it in small bags, sell it and deliver it on this 10 per cent margin. The speed which Attorney Genecal Painter showed in work ing up an injunction against the leaders of the miners makes one wonder why he couldn't find someting m twice the time to ihstrain the autocracy of Judge Gary of the steel trust. Perhaps the war on autocracy is over. The British secretary of war declares that "what is being done in Russia is by reason of a well understood policy between the United States, Great Britain and Japan that there should be intervention in Russia." He probably means well understood in the sense the secret treaties were before they were made public. If money can elect Lady Astor and defeat her'Labor candi date opponent for a British parliament seat she will maintain what is known as Lloyd George democracy. This, let us add, is a special brand about as near to democracy as near-beer is to beer. Don't take the crusade of certain old-party congressmen against the packers too seriously. Unless they are wvilling to vote a real remedy, they might better keep their hands off, and no real remedy has yet been suggested by them. Next year the Democrats might run on the slogan, "We kept you out of cars." This would be especially appropriate if the par ty nominates the director general of the railroads for the highest office. Public ownership and co-operation go. hand in hand and lead to the same end. Co-operation is not perfect until it takes in the whole public and become public ownership, and public ownership is not perfect until it becomes true co-operation. President Wilson vetoed the war prohibition measure be cause the war is over. Judge Anderson injoined the coal miners from striking because the war is not over. This armistice condi tion seems to be mighty handy which ever way you want to use it. North Dakota alone offered a solution of the coal strike be cause the North Dakota government is run by the common peo pie, is based upon the co-operation of farmers and workers and has no special interests to serve. If the controlled press keeps on stirring up race p re.ifice, separating our people into groups, according to the country our ancestors happened to come from, we will soon have merely a Somewhat United States. The stel trust cleared $40,177,232 the last quarter after dte ducting the enormous federal taxes, which are several times this amount. And this is the aggregation that will not even let its employes organize. Remember all the reconst.iction talk we used to hear a year or so ago from the men who "knew" more than the common peo ple about such things? A tifAojc dge has granted the Milk Producers' association the uidst tibix rices. Thsis about the first case on record of farmers possessing the power to fix prices. Lg;oadn eec that ouat of the great coime one --a man may walk fromi one enid of Africa toth -th eak Bri brash4th soimL ~e bu nm "OUNCE OF PREL VENTION WORTH POUND OF CURE" The task of preventing physi cal defects in children is one of supreme importance in the post war era. The physician] the nurse, the playground and gymnasium are the chief agencies of the school through which this work must be accomplished. Praiseworthy as their efforts are, they must be supplemented by hygenic liv ing in the home. The great examination day brought about by the selective service showed far too great a percentage of personal neglect. The veil was lifted and there in all its ugliness and sadness were alarming shortcomings physi cally. Its revelations made us pain fully aware of the misshapen bodies, the flat chests, the dis eased teeth and impaired vision and hearing of many of the un fortunate boys. Proper atten tion to these matters in child ren would have prevented the greater part of these defects. According to figures recently tabulated in Washington nearly 100,000 men were rendered un fit for military service because of tuberculosis alone. Medical science has proved that a large percentage of wretchedness and grief caused by the white plague is absolute ly needless. You can help by using Red Cross Christmas seals. They help to stamp out this deadly scourge. The reme dy for tuberculosis does not come in bottles. It cannot be bought over the counter. It lies in the intelligent care of the body on the part of the indi vidual, whether he is sick or wall. His instruction cannot be gin too early. I The rules of keeping well are simple. They apply to children e and giowltups alike. Here are it some of the fundamentals: n See that your bedroom is well aired and the schoolroom and o workroom too; and breathe as y much air as possible then: Eat good food--Keep your self clean. d Don't work or play until you c drop. n Keep sensible hours. Live :. out of doors and avoid dust. s If you have a cold that lasts more than two weeks you should go to a doctor and have your lungs examined. e Bathe frequently. Don't eat ri with soiled hands. Wash them r first. Don't put your hands, pencils, or any candy or chew ing gum that other persons 4 have used, in your mouth. i Brush your teeth at least- twice e a day. I Regular observances of thesel health commandments helps to develop bodily resistance - against disease. The wise, 1 thoughtful gardener cultivates t his blossmons, giving his most careful attention. Weeds grow wild by the wayside and become i obnoxious. I TERRIBLE DROUTH KILLS AUSTRALIA'S CROPS London, Nov. 19.-Australia,1 especially New South Wales, is suffering the most devastating drouth since white men have resided there. Stocks and crops hae been de stroyed and it is doubtful if ,here will be enough seed wheat for next season. Hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of settlers have been ruined. Northwestern New South Wales is described as a desert stripped of everything green. Paddocks are littered with the r skeletons of cattle, and even rabbits are dying in vast num bers. HOME IS BURNED Wolf Point Herald: Mr. and Mrs. Michael Hefferman, whose home is about 16 miles north of this city had the misfortune to ose their home by fire on Tues day of last week. The fire was discovered while the family was eating break fast. It was first noticed that < a wall behind a cabinet in the i kitchen was on fire and the t flames spread with such rapidi ty th.pt practically all that was saved from the house was a cream separator. Just how the fire state is somewhat of a mystery but the '^ Aevanced tijat it may have been cauced by. mice gnaw ing on a match. We undetgtanid that Mr. Hef- I ferman carried no insurance so a the less will be a severe hard- I habp forbhia tobear. RULI~so4 RE INSTA A series of decio by the D:1rector ofsiohs of War Risk Insura te appioval o the Seanreit Treasu. x provide:d ryOf conditions for re More Ii lapsed or c ic( lelstate ,,t The prloe ions su Decision Ný. of uTr* teen months fo thOag discharge coar state date (A paYment of only tient premiumst with tou mo statement us to tune X\ wifhl thrl' months '' ta discharge. the Thont After he three lowing taie '1t ofn dnits rave eia ý 1 1 atem the applica t to the rt he is in aodh h date of di; arge , at piraton e gat whichever is the latest da be requireq tegthet. written apjiacation for statement and the tender of months' prenumns on amount of iurance he to reinstate e In order to gi;e all fo service men whos in has lapsed or been canceled fair chance to reinstate the insurance, cncludin men 4 have been (ut ,± the servi/ eighteen b' Hths or more, who are therefore barred fry reinstatel ent under the foýL ruling, a special blanket ni is made which lC' ows all et" service men to reinstate their insurance he fore Decn-Lc 31 1919, pro ided that each app. cant is in s good health as a date of dischrage or at exlir&. tion of the rrace jeriod, whid. ever is the later date, and a states it his appiication. Of course tis 'ece sary that he tender the wtvo 'onih,' premi. urns on the amount of insueran he wishes to reinstate. Service men who reinstard their insurance by payment cf all back premiums prior to July 25, 1919, when the decision requiring payment of only tub months' premiums went into effect, upon written applia. tion to the Bureau may have any premiums paid in excess of two applied toward the payment of future premiums. For ex ample, if after a policy had lapsed for six months, a man reinstated and paid six months' premiums instead of two, he may secure credit for four months' premiums. The provisions for reinstate ment do not protect a man until he actually reinstates. If he waits he may not be in as good health as he was at the time of discharge and consequently may not be able to secure reinstate ment. Don't put off reinstatement. Do it now! McELROY RETURNS FROM MINNESOTA J. J. McEl roe, of McElroy. who has been in Minnesota do ing promotion work on LeagJe publication, returned to Mon tana the early aart of the week and is at the " 'sent time in the county canitoL. dewt Mr. McElroy ha; een dast ing his spare time for the past three or four years to the stud of law and is preparing to the December bar examnnations when he hopes to he admitted t the practice of law. SHOWER MRS. JOHNSON Westby News: Monday it W learned that Mrs. Geneva John son would be married this wreek so her friends were soon outri the blizzard making prepthat tions for a parcel shosaer hoalt evening. The night "as dt ing terror, but nothing Westby, and at the lPades, hour about tvwent\ ýfive le d loaded with presentts ansting fit for the gods, we-1 bide the blizzard to hoor, the bi of the week. mazed Mrs. Johnson \as aicoi'e when the laugh mp nt soon ered crowd trooped in buotfort everyone was i'l' able. caught Mr. Rohweder 1 as dmade making his get-away and icd ,.. t ,tý", 1s~ch td open the 4:aIt t F l contained handsomde cutlaS' silver, china andh ware. A delicious lunch served, the ladies trying samplle all the rich salads.dle All had a good time and for home at midnig llhtaP wishing Mrs. Johnsonallh8Pe piness and telling Mvr.RhW - that he was a lucky fellow.