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V e7 Number 17. Plentywood, Sheridan City, Montana Friday, March 5, 1920 Volume 2-Number 47 4 * e . 4 4 + oin Fores Wit the Cmbat Crpratin Infuencin Montana Primary Lw Must Stad Intact p to Another Kopper Kolore Attorney to Figure Out a Better Sg eto Change the Laws on Our te Books-Next Telegran}S were received just before' ping to press that the primaries are saved again. The opposition played thei' last trump card in a last des perate effort to rob the people of the open primary. ,A suit was brought before the Su preme Court, in Helena, in an endeav or. to show that there was not a suf ficient number of signatures on odir Referendum Petitions. THERE WAS ENOUGH. We secured two more counties than the law required. But the Copper crowd was attempting to invalidate enough signatures from three counties to defeat the Referndumr and' bring 4mazg in April instead of Adpg The Old Gang is desperate, and they mean business. We must keep up the fight. This will no doubt be a hard and dirty political fight, but "We Will Stick" and win by fighting a clean and honest fight. Let the people rule. Information as to the call for coun ty conventions will be given later. There will no doubt be a change from the call given out from headquarters. WHO WERE CAUSE OF CENTRALIA TRAGEDY? By John Nicholas Beffel Staff Correspondent, The Federated Press Centralia, Wash.=This town re gards a stranger with menacing eyes. On the streets he is watched at every n turn, commented on, questioned if he stops anywhere long enough to be questioned. There are two kinds of people here, those who were in the mob on Armistice day or who are in sympathy with the mob's acts, and the people were scared white by the lawless ones, and are still scared. I spent a day here going with an eye witness of the rioting to the scene of the attack on the I. W. W. hall and the killings there; to the gray, ruined two-story frame building which had been the first headquarters of the In dustrial Workers, wrecked following a Red Cross parade in April, 1918; to the little orange-coloted store which Blind Tom Lassiter, newsboy and I. W. W. member, occupied before prominent citizens kidnapped him and exiled him to another county. We \ent also to the Chehalis river bridge, where Wesley Everest was lynehed after being subjected to in-i credible torture and mutilation. The recital turns one's blood to ice. I examined the bullet holes in the front of t:he co-operative store, im mediately south of the raided I. W. W. headquarters, and discovreed a'- ma terial discrepancy in the st-Ze' hevi dence. Fred G. Clarke, Seattle law yer and rifle expert, had testified that he sighted through a bullet hole which pierced the upright sill in front of the co-operative; and that -directly in the line of his vision he saw the upper windows of the Avalon hotel, fro Which the state contends menIbera of the I. W. W. fired on the p ear'd . I also sighted thro uh hat hole, and stuck a lead pen into itno i establish the exact direction -'hich the bullet came; and you not see the Avalon hotel at through that hole; nor did the Pencil point twoard the Avalon. tead, on looking thro oh.i JI the front of the Hop P-rlor, 100 feet south of the Avalo.l No contention has been made state that any shots were fire- by industrial workers from the of the Hop Jack. This suggests the possibiL i W. Somebody elsein addit1Q-~ he . W W. may have been -ht "..I 11. In The Centralia. Daft for Oct. 21, 20 days i!biR I found a storyt the Centralia Assn., lately formd aid, to solve lem. (Continud MRS . K O'RADY Sfll_ AUDITOR Judg mer Denies Joe Dolin Writ Mc Mandate Compelling Clerk & i ere der.A. A. Major to Sign SIleg .Warrant. COMMISSIONERS MUST ABIDE BY LAW O| t the 21st day oai Febriary, Judge C.T'. Comter hnaded down a decision in the Dolin Mandamus case 'denynag I the writ, in which it was held that Mrs. O'Grady is still County Auditor 1 and that the Board of County Com missioners cannot allow claims unless approved by that official. This was an action brought by Jos. F. Dolin against County Clerk & Recorder A. A. Major, to compel Ma jor to issue a warrant in payment of a claim in full, which claim had been approved in the sum of $15.75 by the board of county commissioners over the head of County Auditor O'Grady who had cut this claim to the sum of $13.12. Mr. Major refused to issue the warrant in payment of this claim on the grounds that the Board of County Commissioners exceeded their authority in approving the claim in question in full. Mr. Doln asked for a writ of mandate to compel Major to issue the warrant. County Attor ney Gunther appeared in court for Mr. e jor and El&ery Babcock appeared for Mr. Dolin. The County Commissioner alowed the claimn on January 6th, and Dolin e filed his action on January 22nd, last. i The law in the case is as follows in refeence to the duties of the County LeAuditor: Section 3106 of the Revised Codes: "It shall be the duty of persons Sholdinfl claims against any coul Sty having a county auditor to pre sent the same to the county l audi Stwhse duty it shall be to aud S it the same. The cunty auditor Sshall also investigate and exam ine into all claims presented to h him and report the same with his Sfindings to the board of county e commissioners at . their regtau Ld session after such cnvestigation shall have been completed nyitI r his apprcval or disapproval in ,s dorsed thereon, and he shall keep a complete record of all such ie claims and of his investigations and examinations of the same in ie a book for that puapose In all n- counties having a counit auditor, all bills, claims accof vk or &....,i antankind charges for marals sf t or nature that may be purch3ised by and on behalf of the county bythe county auditor, who shall indorse his approa any warrantpp al thereon o the san me cant for the payment of the same can dr In all counties having t draw thereor s th sam·e shal have the app ' i of * 0U', ?otnre a-nitor" lvided,, I .. `mttat the judge of the .` r his been disapproved . .i ti t thmay or sr t .. r0S Int ? rwi-Permce to the duties . Tie lerk &~g. ecrder in reference "oto the Wi Of ts is as fel !; J S~Je ste *- ** in. yi of all t~owed _:o for. Mpal a4 i., Xi y~s Tr ing to Play Horse With Us! aor ssues Warrant on County Lockwood & Blakeslee Intimidate Clerk & Recorder Into Signing Illegal Warrants for Nearly Ten Thousand Dol lars, In Payment of Classification Graft Claim---Opinion of County Attorney Ignored and Recent Decision of Judge Comer- Spurned. COUNTY ROBBED IN DAYLIGHT County Treasurer Moviu, Pays the Illegally Issued Warrant Money Transferred From Other Funds In Order to Pay SSar. CRIMINAL WARRANTS MAY BE ISSUED ·N~-~rAA-/* Majo Isses Ileg* Warrat'on ouut* *'Edwc ~BaeleltaiaeCekB eodrIt W~t~ts or Nar~ TenThosandDo4 WarrantL onRAT Co ESunty What is probably one of the most high handed acts ever pulled off in Montana, was pulled this week when the Board of County Commissioners, or Messrs. Timmons & Matkins, pass ed the claims of Lockwood & Blakes lee over the head of County Auditor O'Grady, a procedure absolutely con trary to law, according to the decision recently handed down by Judge Com er in the Dolin Mandamus case against A. A. Major, in which case, Dohn sought to compel Clerk & Re co-der A. A. Major by law, to sign and asue a warrant to Joe Dolin for an nmount allowed by the County Commissioners above the amount ap pr"ved by County Auditor O'Grady, and a el p edre to the ro .4peed tak- en by the Bbard o . mi igners in the classification trans action I. assini g the claims of Lockwood & ee, filed against the county for so-called cassification of the lands of this county, and which claims the iit auditor had disapproved, the cOt comissioners or Messrs. ahi and Timmons, absolutely ig nord, tote pai nion anded down by t o~ ian the Dolin Mandamus cae o4tweq d the claims, contrary to dIeater r~ si to issue a war : pyfl~r~ t for '5these illegal :: fl'S a eek, and after ;jti tlpes ; 2t·¾< t S b 3eid 4 k~:~ *:~-:i~:-'_:: 1~.-::: vised of the opinion of Judge Comer c in the Dolin Mandamous Case, A. A. c Major, County Clerk & Recorder, is- t sued- these illegal warrants, which % were presented immediately to Rex t Movius, County Treasurer, and he at t once paid them. County Clerk Major had, since the a middle of last week, when Messrs. Timmons and Matkins allowed these t eaims illegally over the head of 'the I county auditor, bee en conitantly sub jee to all sorts of intimidations and pressure by Mr. Lockwood, and sever al others who are probably in on a cut in the classificatotr graft and i needed the money. Mr. Major had been constantly in secret conference, behind closed doors, with the board of county commissioners, and with, Mr. Lockwood and others, who have coa ed and cjoled him, threatened him with all sort of legal torture if he 1 did not issue the illegal warrants, and yesterday, Thursday noon, he suc cumb to the threats or blandishments 1 of Mr. Lockwoo.d1 .i dý the war rants which were immediately cashed by Cotunty Treasurer Movius, who ronm all appearance was iu- on -the 1deal to illegally pay these warrants. Major, who for ome timne has been cult.vatig the good will of the old Sp graftes, was after all,- seem s gly a willig tool, and sought long an hard for an eaxcse to issue these ....r.... fo bi , rie .. .o. - seemwn ~k~~8. ~~3~utol~ercI5O a e~iijrk iRIEIM T ((oun^o on-ag 4 'Scathing Denunciation of At Storney General Palmer Scores Hit With Farmer Audience S ** * * * * ** * * be * FARMERS NOMINATE TICKET * Citizens of Proposed New County * Al * Meet and Put Ticket in the ce * Field. ha * ______ * The Nonpartisan farmers qf * * the proposed new Daniels County * * met at the Masonic Hall, in S~c * * * bey yesterday, Thursday, and * * placed a full ticket in nomination. * The convention was held pur- * * suant to call published a few * * weeks ago, and it passed off very i * quickly and harmoniously. * * -.'he~eomplete report of the con- * * ventionl and the ticket will appear... * in thisu paper next week. LABOR SPEAKS FR hETEAU HER The New York State Federation of Labor, at its 56th annual convention - at Syracuse, N. Y., August,' 1919, in cluded in 'its program of resplutions one favoring "a thorough going and t complete revision upward .of teacher's ti salaries, which at present are out rageously low, especially in rural dis- W tricts, and a state law to the effect e that the minimum annual salaries for d teachers shall not le less than $2,000 a year." This received the unanimous vote of the convention. Aftiliation of the teachers with or ganized labor is the only means of escape from the domination of spe- d cial interests, and of connecting them n with the one group which is fighting for real democracy, declared Dr. 4 Harry E. Overstreet of the college of V the city of New York. This stand e was taken during a luncheon in the Hotel McAlpin under the auspices of the Public Education Assn., in which :the subject of organization of the ) teachers was discussed pro and con. "The traditional unwillingness of teachers to align themselves with 1 so-called 'partisan' labor has actually delivered them into the hands of par tisan interests," said Dr. Overstreet. t "The schools and the colleges are not i public spirited in the sense of being above all partisan attachments. They are flagrantly partisan, being govern ed in large measure by the ideals and interests of the dominant status quo. Radical, even progressive social and educational thought, has little oppor - tunity to express itself. Our 'public spirited' teachers are compelled to c teach doctrines which are really in the interest of a very special class. "Affiliation with labor connects I teachers with one group that is con sistently fighting for a real' demo cracy-that is, for industrial demo cracy. The great need of teachers to day is for democracy in their working conditions-security of tenure, free dom of thought and speech, the right to a voice in the organization of their work. Affiliation with labor subjects teachers to the dangers of incurring the enmity of the forces of autocracy and Junkerism in education. This should be enough to bring out heroic response from the teachers, to save themselves and American education from the fermentation of petty oli garchies that are un-American both in their outlook and their methods." A blanket raise of $400 to $500 a year has recently been granted to the teachers of Chicago schools. The salaries are still less than the mini mum ($2500) which Chicago teachers are demanding. At the hearing of representatives of. the teachers' or ganization, one of 'the teachers of mentally defective children declared that two of her former pupils who are feeble-minded were receiving a higner salary than many of the teadhers. Marriage Licenses Arthur R. Trace, Bowbells, N. D., age 28 years, nad Nellie A. Lund, Dagmar, Mont., 20 years. Andrew Anderson, Froid, Mont., a;e 37 years, and Nellie Muessman, Froi Mont., age 35 years. The following ge licenses were issued - from Clerk of Court o*e* the past week: 4 Great Falls, March 1.-Speaking before the greatest crowd which has ever attended a Co-Operators' con .gress meeting, former United States Attorny B. K. Wheeler last Friday igit .*as accorded the greatest re ceptionj: any of the speakers who have bared before the 6ongress. 0i,. ownley, who als6 spoke, was give# ovation. R. B. ,Martin, or gamnier for the Nonpartisan league, wasa ither speaker and he, too, was .vell rageived. Attorney Wheeler, speaking on '!The'Constitution," declared that the dbnstitution was being "dragged in e .'. utter by Attorney General od others and that it is up filers to rescue it.'' The Adenounced in no measured o4 s9e anti-social acts of the of oi,' he` declared, were dom inated by the interests and said the workers must do the job of recon st rction, and no one else. Smeeting was the last of the tors' congress and was the greatest in history. More than 1,000 personas who sought admittance had to be tauned away. . At the conclusion of the meeting .the vast crowd 'derhanded that W. F. n oi€ 'of the Butte Bulletin editorial make an address and refused to leave the hall, until at the expira ti6nooEf 10 minutes of cheering, and shduting for Dunn. Alfred Budden, who i'sided at the meeting, announc ed that Dunn was not in, the.build SIg.. 'The crowd then left, expressing dib'hppointment. There was no mistaking the sen timent of the congress and the con vention of federation delegates. They are going, home confident of success in the coming campaign, but determined to keep working so that Sno' ground will he lost. There was hot -the slightest dtubt in the minds oL thel delegates thm: if the election w to be held t~;vmo:row the farm Seriand' wage earune i . ould win. e :latest attack on the primary hf "aved the last doub t of the corrupt Scharacter of the opposition. The e "kept tyress" was jeered whenever mentiosied and plans were laid here If f.r sta~ing more than one independ h entiLlai~y newspaper in the state. Y it was the consensus of the opinion Stpit there was no question but that the, congress marks the turning point t inthe affairs of state. ~I URTH-CLASS POST d MASTER EXAMINATION The United States Civil Service C mission has announced an exami na1n to be held at Plentywood, Moift., on March 27, 1920, as a result of which it is expected to make cer tifie.tion to fill a contemplated va yo.4 in the position of fourth-class p ter at Dooley, Mont., and oth er vacancies as they may occur at that office, unless it shall be decided in `the interests of the service to fill any va cancy by reinstatement. The com pensation of the postmaster at this ofilce was $814. for the last fiscal year. Apeplicants must have reached their twenty-first birthday on the date of the examination, with the exception that in a state where women are de clared by statute to be at full age fdr all purposes at eighteen years, women eighteen years of age on the date of the examination will be ad mitted. Applicants must reside within the territory supplied by the post office for which the examination is annourtc ed. . The examination is open to all citi zens of the United States. who can comply with the requirements. Appllcation blanks, Form 1758, and ful rmnation concerning the re of the examination can be from the postmaster at the vacancy or from the United ks Civil Service Commission, igton, D. C 'Ipications should be properly exe cuted and filed with the Commission at iWashington, D. C., at the earliest practical date. LUTHERAN SERVICES ive services at the Norwegian fn church of Outlookill be Sunday, March 14th, be at 11 a. m. ces at the Henry Brelje resi rtheast of town at 2:00 p. . GEO. BEIIIMAN, Paster.