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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, July 02, 1926, Image 2

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Paper of the People, By the People, For the People
Ihe Outlook Promoter, The Outlook Optomist, The Dooley Sun, the Ante
lope Independent, The Sheridan County News, The Pioneer Press and the
Sheridan County Farmer.
At the present time the annual membership drive is going on in the three
western prairie provinces of the Dominion of Canada for the wheat pools.
The co-operative movement in Canada, as in the United States, is for ob
vious reasons (large-scale mass capitalist production and distribution, rela
tively higher living standard of skilled workers, backwardness of labor ^
t . , , . „ . , ,
movement, etc.), very backward. There is only one flourishing co-opera
live, and that is among the miners in Sydney, Nova Scotia. But there
are a number of farmers' organizations which carry on commodity market
ir.g co-operation.
tv . ,, . ^ . ..
During the world war, two bodies were created to handle the marketing
of Canadian grain. One was the "Wheat Export company," which acted as
purchasing agents for the British government and the allied powers, and the
other was '"Board of Grain Supervisors," made up of members of the Winni
peg stock exchange and representatives of the farmers and the dominion
government and which fixed prices. By this machinery the whole of the 1917
and 1918 crops were marketed.
The war-time wheat board (Wheat Export company) remained in exist
ence till July, 1919, in the spring of which year the allied imperialists an
nounced that they would not take the 1919 crops. A post-war wheat board
was therefore formed in July, 1919, to market the crop, which it did by:
(a) controlling the internal price of flour, and (b) subordinating the ma
chinery of the Winnipeg grain exchange to its rulings. The crops of 1920,
1921 and 1922, however, were handled through the ordinary channels of trade,
These latter are the farmers' co-operative organizations—the "United
Grain Growers" (in Manitoba and Alberta), the Saskatchewan Co-operative
Elevator company which operates local and terminal elevators. These either
buy outright from their members or sell on commission.
The great price slump in 1920 drew from the farmers a demand that the
wheat board should continue to function. To this the government refused
to accede, and as a result the farmers were compelled to turn to voluntary
efforts, forming three pools in 1924.
The stages of the formation of these pools were as follows: On 1921, a
committee of the Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator company reported
in favor of a voluntary pool, while the "Council of Agriculture" demanded a
government board. In 1922 the government refused such a board on the
ground that it was "ultra vires" of federal power in "normal times," and re
ferred the matter to the provincial authorities. The legislatures of Alberta
ana oaskatchewan immediately passed enabling legislation, but in Manitoba
the bill of the Bracken (farmer) government for a board was defeated.
In 1923 a drive to secure farmers' signatures to a voluntary pool was
energetically launched representing 50 per cent of the acreage of Alberta,
The pool was started in October of that year and was later on able to report
marketing 34 million bushels at an average price og $1.03 per bushel, two
cants per bushel averaging expenses and reserve In 1924 a central selling
agency was started for the three provincial pools with one sales manager
at Winnipeg and another at Vancouver. As a result, at least half of the
wheat crop of 1924 was marketed by the farmers themselves, which means
by some 85,000 farmers representing ten million acres of wheatland.
, . , .
The pool is based on the contract system practiced by the Danish dairy
farmers and the California fruit growers. The contract the farmer signs
runs for five years, till 1927. A member breaking the contract is liable to
fLTV er Tb' d T' g ^. " d , van ^ e V f the PO °' are that the
farmer does not have to sell immediately after harvest under pressure of
creditors and that by orderly feeding of the market there is more likeU-i
hood of obtaining a higher price than by individualist marketing .
. , . - , . _ ...
As a step forward in the direction of co-operative organization this wheat !
pool is to be welcomed. It has obvious advantages over the old way of
marketing. But wheat pool co-operation is an environment of finance- cap
italist monopoly and subject to all sabotage of capitalist forces, has all the
limitations of co-operation under capitalism in general. The wheat pool
wiil be °f rewire to the farmers only if it does not raise in them the illusion
that this is the solution of such agrarian crises as they have in recent years
P. J. WALLACE. Editor
FRIDAY, JULY 2, 1926.
so acutely experienced.
With profits steadily mounting through the increased efficiency of its
I.»» n-u; -p ru,- -i , * en«aency 01 iiS|
employe^ how can the Baltimore & Ohio railroad refuse wage increases
to its shopmen? Reports covering the first 4 months of 1926 show profits
of this pioneer in so-called shop co-operation running nearly 25 percent
Through April the B. & O. reports a profit of $11,481,151 compared
with $9,194,942 in the first four months of 1925. This gives it the largest
. , . , ,. __ **
P p a e f ain blg eas tem trunk lines. The first quarter of
the year ended with B. & O. profits up 25 percent, while profits of the
Pennsylvania had advanced 18.7 percent and the New York Central only
6.5 percent. '
Still hopeful of a crumb of legislative relief before congress adjourns
for the summer in Washington, the farm organizations with headquarters
in Chicago declined to comment for publication on the Iowa avalanche that
buried U. S. Senator Cummins in the June 7 primary. But the railway em
ployes department of the A. F. of L. had no reason to be similarly cautious.
The railroad men got their bit in the Watson-Parker act that abolished the
rail labor board.
"It is a great pleasure to see the author of the reactionary Esch-Cummins
declares Secretary John
The size of the victory, which may reach 70,000
It will make the railroads
careful not to violate the spirit of the Watson-Parker act, lest more string
ent legislation be passed.
transportation law defeated by Sen. Brookhart.
Scott of the department,
majority, almost insures election in November.
By LELAND OLDS, Federated Press
over 1925. And 1925 profits gave common stockholders a return of more
than 12 percent.
The part played by the B. & O. shopmen in producing these gains for
the stockholders appears in the decreased proportion of revenue needed
for maintenance.
The B. & O. maintenance ratio fell from 36.9 percent
of gross revenue in the first quarter of 1925 to 35.8 percent in 1926. This
was the most important factor in increasing net income from 12.1 percent
of gross revenue in 1925 to 14.4 percent in 1926.
Profits of the railroad industry as a whole are running more than 10
percent ahead of 1925. Propagandists for the owners are busy trying to
discount this argument for general increases in railroad wages.
Railroad profits for the first quarted of 1926 amounted to $223,558,765
compared with $204,605,982 the same period of 1925. This means that the
roads are earning about 5 Va percent on the tentative valuation by the in
terstate commerce commission. If all inflation due to writing up the value
of investments could be squeezed out the rate of return would be consider
ably higher. Returns for April form a majority of the country's railroads
indicate that combined profits for the month will be about $78,000,000
pared with $66,199,236 a year ago.
The steadily mounting profits of the Canadian National railways must be
a bitter disappointment to opponents of government ownership and operation.
Though it includes several thousand miles of line thrown out in advance
of civilization for colonizing purposes, this government road bids fair to
cover not only operating expenses in 1926 but also the full interest charges
on its borrowed capital.
A year ago the Canadian parliament was asked to provide $50,000,000 to
meet the needs of the Canadian National system, but operations were so
good that only $100,000,000 was needed. In the first four months of 1926
the road's profits were $9,689,217 compared with $3,774,782 the
of 1925. This is a gain of $5,914,435, or mwe than 156 percent.
same period
War Department Failed to
Fire Salute for Puppet
Washington.— (F. P.)—War depart
ment officials are chuckling, and State
department chiefs are trying to look
shocked, because the order for firing
a salute of 21 guns in henor of the
landing of the dummy president of
Haiti, Louis Bomo, got "lost" on the
way from Washington to New York.
The military are nursing a grudge
toward President Coolidge because he
has not helped them to get a bigger
appropriation, and because he has
sabotaged their Defense Day mobili
zations, and in general because they
consider him a tightwad, unworthy to
^ ea< l a powerful military nation.
Hence they are delighted when they
can him embarrassment.
Bomo, whose father was a colored
French colonial, is the puppet of Gen.
John Russell, military commander of
Haiti. He is ineligible by the fact
0 f his foreign parentage to hold the
presidency of Haiti. He was not
legally elected to the office. He was
se ^ ^ P^^dent by a group
cillors of state( who met secretly at
night and issued a decree declaring
him president. In the background
carTforces of occupation! This^telec
tion" took place April 10, 1922, and
Bomo has continued in office, while
^ usse ^ a °d the marines have run
him elected for four years. He now
comes to Washington to pay his re
P ^. d Davl^amr^enaWe
editors of Negro newspapers that
draw Republican campaign funds ev
er y two years to print his picture.
. 000
Failure of the army officeis to be
th ^ f ac t that he is a puppet, but
to ccaitempt of the use which Cool
^ ge was attempting to make of his
Affiner hf aï<T a?
range that the Pan-American Union
banquet him, too, but ask someone
®J se ■Army to greet him in
S ame stop'Sh^rno'came
circulars of protest from the Haitian
patriotic societies, denouncing Bomo
"«RSfÄm"'' said one of
these letters, "are boasting the prog
ress and prosperity of Haiti under
their despotic leadership. There is
J£j, s mÄTÄ
es t burden that it has ever experi
enced since it became a nation in 1804.
The people of Haiti are getting poor
er ever Y day by the continual in
crease of the taxes and customs du
ties. Haitian laborers are paid from
20 to 30 cents, American money, a
^ a y» a depreciated currency call
SlehT^Jt'Vfa ^vhy^they 6 are
leaving the_ country for Cuba and
Santo Domingo. Already more than
300,000 have left. Russell and Bomo
are responsible for this sad state of
! things." *
I -
Lenroot Savs Haugen Bill
\ r . . q. ' d . !
Vlolates ^ tates Kl § hts
f arme rs and organized workers of his
state in th ecoming primary campaign
has chosen state rights. He told the
Senate, June 12, that the last vestige
of state rights would be swept away
if the Haugen bill with its equaliza
tion fee for stabilizing farm crop
prices were made law. He argued j
that if citizens could be taxed to ere
ate a fund to control the prices paid
to other citizens for goods, then the
government could fix prices on all
manufactured goods. This, he declar
ed, was utterly subversive of a com
petitive society,
Other prospective lame ducks nod
Washington—Definite official as
surance that the intrenational office
of the United Mine Workers of Amer
ica has begun sending money to the
British Miners Federation, has been
given to the Federated Press by Thos.
Kennedy, general secretary-treasurer
I of the U. M. W. A,
! In response to an inquiry Secretary
j Kennedy has wired your correspond
Workers last wee k cabled substantial
donation direct to British Miners Fed
eration. We also sent out circular to
our a ^ ated lecal unions and branch
es for donations to be sent to our in
temational office for transmittal to
the British miners. While strikes,
idleness * etc -> have placed limitations
u P° n , 0 . ur resources, nevertheless we
are doing and will continue to do all
in our power to help our British bro
thers, who, like the American miners,
are en £aged in a great struggle to
protect and further wage condition
From London comes a statement by
A. J. Cook, secretary of the British
Miners Federation, that the U. M. W.
A. has promised $50,000 on which the
first installment has already been re
ceived. Cook has also acknowledged
receipt of $10,000 from the Amalga
mated Clothing Workers of America.
Thus two of the powerful labor or
ganizations in the country—one the
largest single body in the American
Federation of Labor and the other the
largest independent labor body—have
opened the campaign to relieve the
starvation and suffering of the fami
lies of the 1,100,000 British coal mi
ners who went on strike May 3. Their
example will probably have a pro
nounced effect on other sections of the
American labor movement, including
the building trades, whose financial
condition is now better than at almost
any time in he past.
President Green of the A. F. of L.
who was Kennedy's predecessor as
secretary-treasurer of the U.M.W.A.
has gone west on a speaking trip
that will keep him away from Wash
ington until July. He has never ex
plained the reasons which led him to
abandon bis original project of giving
financial aid to the British miners,
which he discussed on May 7. Mem
bers of his staff at Washington head
quarters say they have no knowledge
of the receipt of any apepal from toe
ded sympathetically.
American Coal Miners
Cable Money to British
: ■
■ i
S : *
>■<; •

Under this young woman's skilltnl
hands the front of the Administration
Building of the Sesqui-Centennial In
ternational Exposition Association
quickly takes on a delightful aspect.
She directs gardeners where to place
the small trees and shrubs about the
great stucco building. She is doing
her share to make the big celebration
of the 150th anniversary of the sign
ing of the Declaration of Independ
ence a success.
British Miners Federation for help.
Until he announces that he will ap
peal to all unions affiliated with the
A. F. of L., to donate to the starving
families of the British strikers, his
staff assumes that his policy is one
of leaving the matter wholly to the
discretion of each union. They do not
expect him to encourage the sending
of money to Britain. On the other
hand, they do not expect him to op
pose it.
Under these conditions of neutral
ity from the executive of the A. F. of
L., the story of the suffering of the
British coal miners and their wives
and children will come to the Ameri
can labor movement largely through
the members of the U. M. W. A. and
the spokesmen for the relief commit
tee which has been established in the
city of New York to forward contri
Washington—Boss Vare of Phila
Jo\ u Heniod tbo «îenatp spat
t R-r-.-.y. Rpniihlirans nf Ppnnsvl
vania nominatedhim on May 18, at a
cos t 0 f millions pro and con, if the,
SjSÄSS STpoUttSïS Jtott
^ Q | ( j par tles studving the figures
discloRed l thus V aT in ' the « slush f un d"
by the Senate committee, are
q^natp Harp not
Mat the «mester who defeated An
(drew W. Melfon for control ofPenn
sylania's republican machine.
Due largely to the fight waged by
Uhe late Senator LaFollette, Boss Lor
s 7 natf-Srea?«| W on toTTro^Tthat
election was bought with cash.
Newberry of Michigan was seated but
to resign, because he had paid
$195,000 for the toga. Seventeen of
the 46 Republican senator who voted
to seat Newberry have been retired in
the past four years and 8 others have
died before the voters had a chance
to pass a verdict on them. Twelve
mor Ç are U P i° r a decision in this
y ear 8 campaign. Senators who voted
*° sea t Newberry have been unlucky
ev Ç r since. Now comes Vare, whose
Pf imar y campaign seems to have cost
his machine at least $ 1 , 000,000 while
t ^ ie Mellon-Pepper opposition _ spent
I much more. If Vare is elected in No
ivember, the progressives will chal
lenge his right to a seat. Then will
come the fatal roll call. The outcome
is the more likely to be unfavorable
I to Vare because he is conceded to be
• mentally and morally below the level
of the great majority of senators,
Playing no favorites, the American
Civil Liberties Union comes to the
aid of the threatened civil rights of
j Italian Fascist! in the United States.
Chairman Johnson of the House Com
mittee on immigraticji and naturali
zation has received from Forrest Bail
ey, director of the Union, a protest
against the suggestion that Fascist!
be deprived of American citizenship
secured by naturalization, if they
have sworn absolute obedience to
Bailey takes the position that Ital
ian-Americans have a right to join
any association in the United States
expressing their political views. The
anti-Fascist organization in the
United States has taken the position
that Fascist membership is a repudia
tion of the oath of allegiance to the
democratic form of government es
tablished by the American constitu
Now Think Vare Will Be
Denied Senate Seat
Russian Labor Leaders Pro
test British Interference
Moscow, June 17—The Presiden
cy of the Federated Labor Unions
has issued a strong protest against
interference by the British govern
ment in the affairs of the Soviet or
ganized labor. The protest:
Conservative British Government
has sent to the Soviet government a
note pertaining o the aid given by
the Russian federations to the Brit
ish strikers. This encroachment by
the British government upon the
solidarity of British and Russian
workers is an attempt to limit our
freedom to determine what aid
unions may offer to any unions in
any form. The Federation of Sov
iet Unions expresses the most em
phatic protest against this interfer
ence by the British government in
the affairs of the Russian workers
and declares that the organized
workers' republic will not permit
any government to dictate our poli
cies." The protest has been trans
mitted through the usual diplomat
ic channels.

Mellons Slime Covers
Pennsylvania Primary
One Million and a Quarter Spent in Election Orgy to Deter
Who Shall Be Republican Boss—No Principle In
Andrew W._ Mellon, master of the [
Coolidge administration, secretary o
the treasury and one of the ncnesi
manufacturers and bankers in
United States, is the roan behind .
Pepper, in whose behalf the recent
senatonal primary in Pennsylvaiu
descended to the depths of corruption
hitherto unknown in American poli
That is the significant fact in the
disclosures made by the witnesses \
now testifying before toe senate com
mittee which is probing frauds in
this year's senatorial campaign.
Uol. Chas. . McGovern, controller
of the city of Pittsburgh, who for 25
years was a part of the Bill Flynn
machine in Allegheny county, was the
first witness to tear the lid off the
uation in western Pennsylvania. He
) -
letters Intended for publication In
this column should reach the Producers
News the fore part of the week. They
^"aïd' addr« 1 ?oTttJ^Ser Com!
s nom de !
munloatlons written
plum* will ha published only If accom
panied with the name of the author.
Producers News,
Plentywood, Mont.
Dear Sir:
I read an article in your last is
sue in regard to
Hospital," and I was surprised there
were any people in Plentywood that
did not appreciate what Dr. Storkan
was doing to make the hospital a
A hospital should be for the good
of the people concerned, that are sick
and not for the benefit of all the doc
The Plentywood
We have no nurse down here to tell
us what doctor to send for when any
one is sick but I notice in this part
of the Medicine Lake territory where
Dr. Storkan used to practice before
he moved to Plentywood, people gen
erally send to Plentywood for him if
any one is real sick.
Dr. Storkan works night and day
to make his doctoring a success and
no one down here believes he stole
any of Dr. Steele's or any one else's
i Ä before election, they
promise each candidate they will
for him . and . th ® n ™te to suit
their own private interests.
Thanking you for this space, I am
Homestead, Mont,
Prof.:—"If coal is $8 per ton, how
many tons will you get for $80?
That's wrong!"
"Yes Sir, I blow it but they do it
just the same.

v d—i n A A Jk A A .. » f . J
----- PSMÉBS
CH ^ L S<
sens 3
ChryslerTO'Reduced fyiSW
Unchanged except in pn#'
Today's Chryder "TO*-changed
new lower {»rices which save yea *50to
more than ever the car of world-wide
Weknewthat the Chry.br "TO* wooM
Coach » * » *1395 * 50
Roadster * • 1525
Royal Coupe 1695
Brougham « 1745
RfJan .
Royal Sedan* 1795
Grown Sedan 1895
(Ail prices f.c, k Detroit,
V^VUUIW.I iwy TV V rn rnmmm _ V"
public favor which makes possible these
Long lived; characteristic Chrysler
to meet today's traffic needs; roomy toc&*
luxury; easiest to handle; flashi ng p
- - 1545
pliry- nfr
little wonder that none of te n ^*f^ in i n £ecroP t ^
thousand owners who have enjoy",
«athrfactkm from their Chrysler 70V* . b**
upon thousands of miles, will ever wflnn* iy
to the less modern type of can. mfi
We are eager to prove to yooHjtftJ*
with its savings of *50 to
whosepcrformance and endurancebav cek***"
venal preference —is beyond aH gg»
Chmltf'i attractive tia»
Robinson & Medders, Props.
Phone 20
- a a — - 1 » i a- —
was mana g C r for the Pinchot forces in
jÿjggheny county, and was in a posi
^ through past experience and ac
quaintance, to know what Pepper, the
candidate for senator, and
Figher> ^ Mellon candidate for gov
were doinsr
ernor ' were aomg *
In brief, McGovern testified:
That the Leslie,(Mellon) machine in
Pittsburgh had joined hands with the
\ are machine m Philadelphia to block
his efforts in past years to secure
state laws that would assure a fair
That Pepper had 35,350 paid work
ers, called watchers, at $10 each, on
primary election day in Allegheny
county, and received a total of only
sit-180,436 votes. Thus his expenditures
no watchers alone was $4.14 for every
vote he received in that county. The
total of $353,500 was only a begin
ning, since there are 67 counties in
the state.
That Vare had 14,140 paid watchers
in the county, at $10 each, and this
figured out $3.21 for each Vare vote
in that territory. Pinchot had no paid
That the Republican county chair
man, who supported Pepper, was also
prosecuting attorney, and attempts
made by election board officials to
! secure the jailing of persons commit
ting election frauds had been wholly
unsuccessful over a period of years.
He did not mention Mellon in his
testimony on the buying of the 49,490
watchers. He mentioned no names ex
cept those of the candidates and their
managers, but the investigators knew,
and the Pittsburgh witnesses knew,
that Pepper was merely an errand
boy for Mellon, who raised the slush
fund and remained the power behind
the scene.
Joseph R. Grundy, president of the
Pennsylvania Manufacturers Assn,
and familiar figure in the textile
tariff lobby in Washigton during
many years past, led the "battle of
the barrels" in the primary in Penn
sylvania, because he wanted the man
tie of leadership which fell from the
dead shoulders of Boies Penrose to
be firmly fastened upon the form of
Andrew W. Mellon.
Money talks in Pennsylvania,
Grundy testified he put into the race
for nomination for governor a New
York Central attorney, John Fisher,
Mellon, nephew of the secretary of
the treasury, and they agreed on a
Pepper-Fisher coalition. Grundy put
up $300,000 for campaign expenses.
Then he signed a note for $90,000
and contributed $18,000 to a citizens
republican campaign committee, which
Red Bottom Tanks
Warranted 5 Years
|i*. «.i
Come in and examine As
these long-life stock tanks tf&j
J** for yourself. Notice ■* 3 1
the reinforced con- j
jWjbä i struction—patent fj
»ajJKv tube top and double wj
jsS-cT-T'T lock seam bottom. i
wfiJTT You will see they -
are built to outlive their guarantee.-Mfd.by
Colombian Steel Tank Co., Kansas Gty, Ma
Flaxville. Mont
used about $125 0 fto •
Abrils that will' Ïotaï 1 ^ «»T
Sen. Jim „ 7 1 ^00,(W 5 *
th . e , Pepper-Fisher * ,^2 ?
W1 th the small part C ^*bon ^ £
penses disclosed P *? f ** V a >
spent by PinchoV ^ ^ Si*
$1,226,000. He ;S hed a t£*
nutted fact that tl Phasiz *i S? <
issue betweenX i/«»*;
feetel the public, ^î d .^ ^
of . these amazing ^ tl*J
Primary contest hadî Ul a *5
determination 0 f
to defend his claim ^ 8 HÜ
the Republican m^ p leader Ä
vama, mne in pJJJ
haarlem oil has been
wide remedy for kidney^ '
bladder disorders.
lumbago and uric acid (Sjjj
a World.
correct intemal trouble,,
organs. Three m. AU drug^
on the onginal genuineG oldJj^
r i
Want the
» Are you one of those cajri
1 4 thrifty hard-to-please bum
| y who aren's satisfied withk
ll anything? Do you want Ü»
f very best. The choicest? TV
T sweetest and tenderestî II a
i » trade here where quality cm
| ' less,
j J *


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