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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, September 03, 1926, Image 2

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Paper of the People, By the People, For the People
Ihe Outlook Promoter, The Outlook Optomist, The Dooley Sun, the Ante
lope Independent, The Sheridan County News, The Pioneer Press and the
Sheridan County Farmer.
P, J. WALLACE, Editor
In this issue of the Producers News there appears the annual financial
statement of the county. Every taxpayer, every voter in the county should
read it—not only read it but study it.
It is a powerful campaign document for the Farmer-Labor party. It is
a record of achievements as far as the financial administration of the county
is concerned. It is a credit to the Farmer-Labor government and to the
people of the county who are responsible for the administration.
A study of the statement will disclose that the cost of administration
of the county is steadily decreasing while at the same time the efficiency
of the several offices is increasing.
The county's fixed indebtedness now stands at a little over $600,000.
The fixed interest charges are only a little over $40,000. A few years ago
this fixed indebtedness was over $1,200,000 and the fixed interest charges
was well over $90,000, while the outstanding warrant indebtedness was in
the neighborhood of $200,000. Then there were no cash funds and county
warrants went to ten or fifteen percent discount. Now, there are a little
bit more than $9,000 of outstanding warrants, mostly on the classification
fund. Interest on warrants is a thing of the past, thus effecting another
large saving to the taxpayers.
Accompanying this reduction of indebtedness has been an almost un
believable reduction in the tax levy. The achievement of the reduction of
indebtedness is something to brag about but the cutting of the levy and the
lowering cf the indebtedness at the same time is something not duplicated
in any other county in the state.
And besides this, after the deflation of 1920, there were a lowering of
the valuation cf cattle, horses and land as well.
And further, while this reduction was being accomplished, Sheridan
county took some severe losses as a result of bank failures, a harvest of the
criminal incompetence cf the previous administration.
And an the top of this Sheridan county went through the hardest times
the county ever experienced —the harvest of drouth and deflation.
Contrast this record with the record of Sheridan county from 1913 until
1920. During that period' the county went into debt at the rate of $100,000
per year after spending the huge tax collections, making up the deficit
by the issuing of funding bonds against the warrant indebtedness about
every two years,
these squanderings.
The county did not even get a court house out of all
Tax levies mounted every year.
Since the Farmer-Labor administration took over the county government
there has not been a bond issue chargeable to it—last year what was un
paid of the 1920 seed grain bond issue was funded and sold at a premium
and sold on a basis that saved the county 1 percent interest.
In spite of what the traducers of the county government may say, the
county is policed better than it ever was before. The moral conditions of
the county has improved all of the time and is improving. The liquor laws
are enforced better in Sheridan county than in any other» county in the
state. The interests of the farmers are being and have been protected.
New roads and bridges have been built and old ones improved. The county
schools have been well supervised and the children are all* in school.
Economy in Sheridan county has not been at the expense of service,
efficiency or the general improvement and progress.
During the Farmer-Labor administration the taxpayers and voters have
been courteously treated.
During the time that party has held the power the county has pros
pered as it has never prospered before.
What more does the farmer, voter and taxpayer want?
There are those of course who kick about this thing or that. Some men
would kick of they were going to be hung. It is as natural for them to
kick as for a mule to bray. There are those who miss the beauty of the
picture in seeking for the specks—they can always find them.
The voter who would vote to change the administration of Sheridan
county now, in the face of the accomplishments testified to by the records,
would cut off his nose to spite his face.
If the taxpayers and voters of Sheridan county are not satisfied with
what has been done and what will continue as the policy for the future,
they simply cannot be satisfied and no record will be worth the effort of
But the Producers News is persuaded that the voters and taxpayers ap
preciate and are proud of what has been accomplished in Sherdan county
and that come November second, they will re-elect the entire ticket from
top to bottom with the largest majorities ever accorded the Farmer-Labor
The Producers News believes that the people of Sheridan county will
be pleased with and proud of the facts disclosed in the 1926 financial state
ment. , 4
The cost of living in the United States in June 1926 was 74.8 percent
above 1913, according to the semi-annual report of the U. S, department of
labor. This level is about 1.6 percent below December 1925, but is slight
ly above the level of June 1925. It is 16 percent below the average of 1920,
when the cost of living reached a peak.
Heavy wheat deliveries to the local elevators are now occurring.
Many farmers because of unfavorable economic situations are compelled
to deliver their wheat direct from the thresher to the elevator and sell im
mediately in order to liquidate thresh bills and meet other obligations in
» ci, dental to the growing of the crop. There is no way now of avoiding the
necessity of this.
The above conditions are prevalent with wheatgrowers everywhere. So
wheat is dumped in large quantities onto the market—in larger quantities
than the needs of the day can care for. Each one of these unfortunate
growers rush threshing and the wheat to market to get the early high price.
Of course the price breaks and sags during the entire period of rapid de
livery: it is bound to break for a couple of reasons. First, because it takes
a lot of money to buy this wheat and pay for it taking it as fast and
in such quantities as it is offered there being thousands of sellers and
only a few non-competing buyers and second, because of the heavy deliv
eries at this season, these grain traders, who furnish the money to buy
the crop combine to depress the market directly, and indirectly by compell
ing early delivery by the calling of credits of the growers at threshing
time thus forcing early liquidation which can only be made by the selling
of the wheat resulting in dumping and a loweied price for wheat, which
raise again when the daly deliveries is less than the consumption. The
dealers know this as the experience of years in the grain business.
The only wheat surplus that ever occurs is the delivery surplus. At
periods there is more wheat offered to the market than is consumed
during the period and at other periods there is less offered than the mar
kets require. The dealer knows this and profits by holding the low priced
periodic surpluses for the high priced periodic shortages. That is the way
he makes money.
The money required to finance the wheat crop, must be tied up for a
considerable time before it is bought, delivered and paid for by the con
This involves interest and rents and most important of all—prof
Somebody must furnish the pnoney and this somebody requires good
wages for the money furnished,
in order to furnish the grower a cash market at some price when he de
livers the grain: he knows what he is doing and he is not doing what he
does from any motive of benevolence . No sane person expects such a thing
from anybody. He has been dealing in grain for years and making money
at it. It's his game and hé knows the game well. This somebody knows
that if allowed to take its natural course, that the price of wheat will sag
when the bulk of it is offered, and raise again later.
Every load of grain that is sold now, increases the surplus available,
and helps break the prices. The myth of the early high prices is merely
succor bait put out by the grain trade to insure early and heavy delivery
This somebody is not likely buying grain
to create as large a surplus as can be created and to bring about an early
depression of prices.
But how is this early delivery problem to be solved? By the pool.
The pool is the only solution.
The price to the farmer on pocJed grain ' is based on the average price
received for wheat for the year. It is an agreement between the farmers
to deliver their cooperative selling agency their wheat during the year,
taking in settlement the average price for the year and accepting at the
time of delivery an advance to meet current bills and the rest after the
wheat has been marketed and the average price determined, with payments
at intervals as justified; an agreement that those who deliver early and
those who deliver late will take the average price—not the low price nor
the top price.
The net results of pool delivery is orderly marketing. When the wheat
deliveries are heavy and the prices low, the wheat goes into terminal
elevators and off from the market, thus disposing of the surplus, when de
liveries are light and the prices high, the wheat is sold. This steadies
the price and sustains the market.
By taking a 75 percent advance, the grower furnishes 26 percent of the
capital necessary to finance his crop to the consumer—the rest is borrowed. 4
Because some of the grain is being sold all or most of the time, the amount
of money borrowed to finance the pool is much less than it would seem at
first glance; for the 25 percent left in the pool fund plus the returns from
the grain sold, constitutes an ever increasing revolving fund which is dis
tributed when the final payment is made.
It is easily understood how the selfish and shortsighted interests of the
grower who is well enough off to hold his grain for speculation and gamble
for the top price, might be served by not pooling, but it is impassible to
understand why the farmer who must deliver immediately should hesitate
about joining and delivering his wheat to the pool
He gets an advance
of 76 percent of the market price of his wheat on the day of delivery and
the rest at later intervals, thus enabling him to meet pressing obligations.
The price is bound to be at the bottom nine years out of ten at threshing
time, hence the early deliverer is bound to get more for his wheat by
The man who can hold his wheat should pool for the general good, and
because nine out of ten times he will get as much if not his wheat
then when he tried to guess the market himself, thus in the long run doing
better in the pool than out besides saving himself a lot of fuss and worry.
As far as the 25 percent equity the pooler carries in the wheat is con
cerned, the farmer can just as well leave it in the pool as put it in the
bank or his sock to save until he needs it to put in his next crop—it is
safer there than it is in either place.
Therefore, every wheat grower who must deliver early should pool for
his own profit and the general good. So sign a pool contract at once and
deliver to the co-operative selling agency.
It will pay.
Uncle Sam has socialized the railroad systems of the country, while
leaving them nominally under private management. The Interstate Com
merce Commission supervises the issuance of railway securities, car supply
and distribution, joint use of terminals, construction of new lines, abandon
ment of old lines, division of joint rates and fixing of rates. Additionally
after profits of railroads have reached a certain amount, one-half of the
excess is placed in a revolving fund maintained to aid the weaker railroads.
vVay down east, in the New England States to be exact, the homeland cf
the Puritans, there has been organized an association named "The Watch
and Ward Society."
The purpose of the society is keeping the Puritans pure,
watch everybody in the community and take on society in general as a ward
to protect from sin and general pollution.
Ihe members ■watch especially those who are not members of the or
ganization; keep track of what they read, what they say, how they act, and
what they do. ?
A short time ago this "Watch and Ward" outfit got busy and put the
American Mercury out of the Newstands because it printed things that the
Puritans didn't approve of.
anybody enjoys doing.
Prof. Scott Nearing went down to Boston and attempted to deliver
speech in front of Faniul Hall, the birth place of liberty. The "Watch and
Ward Society" suppressed the speech. Then the American Civil Liberties
Union got busy and took the matter into the courts and now the Mercury
is back on the stands again, though freedom cf speech is still somewhat sup
pressed. A person can still talk in Boston providing he talks about the
The members
The Puritan don't approve of anything that
The Puritans have an awful time with themselves. They don't like te see
enybody do anything but work providing the wages are sufficiently low.
They believe in long hours and low wages, high tariff, big families for the
working class, and a quiet Sunday. They tire of quietness themselves,
sometimes, and put on parties up in the cities where the home folks won't
find out.
Those who are too old and homely are very virtuous, and don't
waste their money. And, ah yes, these "Watch and Ward" birds do practice
economy. That's one reason they are so pure—they don't want anything
that they have to pay money for and most naughty things cost money.
It is characteristic of the Puritan to be always sore at others for doing
the things that he wants to do but don't dare.
Instead of living up to their pretentions; instead of developing their
moral character and thereby setting a splendid example they just rave at
chose who do the things which they pretend they wouldn't, unless you prom
ise not to tell.
All are familiar with the tribe that imbibes intoxicants when some one
else pays for it but are outraged when they hear of anyone else taking a
sip. This ilk are always anxious to protect ladies form everybody else but
themselves. Sin takes on a hcly hue when they are a principal. They sell
woodennutmeggs for high prices. They want lots of money when they sell
and holler about prices when they buy.
but themselves make any money.
In short they constitute the bulk of the pokenoses, busybodies and gossip
mongers whose prime purpose in life is the making of other people miserable
and hating everybody, including themselves. They make them personal
affairs of their neighbors matters of public concern. None are above their
suspicions. They assume a pure and lofty pose. They are jealous, con
ceited, narrow minded and ignorant. Their chief delight in life is slan
dering and hating their neighbors. They devote their spare time to every
thing in the world but the minding of their own business.
This is the sort of people who make up the membership of the "Watch
and Ward Society" and the "Ku Klux Klan" and kindred organizations.
They don't want to see anybody
The exposure of banking conditions in Valley county in a recent issue of
the Producers News is having its effect in different parts of the North
west. Several Minnesota papers have commented on it and asked ques
tions as to the reasons the governor of that state delayed the extradition
of the Sheldon brothers who were leagued with the so-called bankers ol
Valley county in the robbery of the people.
The following very illumniating editorial appeared in last week's issue
of the Great Falls Town Topics, the oldest labor paper in the state. It
covers a very important phase of the situation. It reads:
"Over in Valley county a whole string of banks went up in smoke last
December. They were owned and operated by the Sheldons, Minneapolis
millionaires, prominent figures in Lowry Hill Society. The (Best People)
don't you know."
"It is estimated that thirty-five per cent of the people in Valley
county lost their all in those defunct banks. Widows, orphans, old men
and women, whose life savings were on deposit in those banks were left
penniless as Sheldcn made the Kiss-Off. A trail of ruin and misery is
left in the wake of the criminal financial operations of the Sheldon's.
However, the capitalist press is as articulate about the methods used in
the operation of the Sheldon banks, as is the Sphinx.
"It regards farmers and workers of the state as a vast preserve for
the financial pirates to loot. Hence its silence."
"It is recalled by the people in Valley county that there was some
thing rotten in Denmark with regards to the personal bonds of Sheldon
and there certainly was. In connection with the bank at Glasgow, Shel
don gave a personal bond for $50,000.. This personal bond was approved
by the county commissioners,
adequate investigation of those (bonds). However, the assumption is
groundless. For some reason as yet unknown, the approval of those
Sheldon personal (bonds) was done blindly. For when the banks closed
their doors it was discovered that Sheldon was propertyless."
Here is one of the leading millionaires of Minnesota, who is not
worth a cent. This is rather a bitter joke to the farmers and others in
Valley county. How does it come, then, that the county commissioners
could approve a (bond) which had no tangible security? What kind of
It is assumed that that board made an
» ■
The fact
a ft.on.ll did they approve that rtTce^toWy ■** »««*
that Sheldon couW transfer the trt e pW»*, y Bank
his (bond) if they really were bonds. Furthermore w
■ who permitted these banks to hurl i( bank
Valley county into the economic abyss. It / , . .
examiners had the interest of the depositors m mind, they could have p r e
vented the wholesale looting of those banks by the S e ons.
tic« naturally arises whether the pillage of the deposi rs was c
the knowledge and consent of the bank examiners, or merely because
they were asleep at the switch. In any case they are responsi e
the plight of the depositors. But this is the sort of deal that capital! i
is based on. In time Is is calculated to wake up many slumbering souls,
who believe in it."
grand jury brought an indictment against
But Sheldon is holding
''Several months ago a
Sheldon for his criminal financial operations,
his own in smart Minneapolis society fully conscious of the fact that he
is perfectly safe from the so-called arm of the law. This is true
cause he knows that the law is only made to hit the poor. The farmers
and the workers."
Governor Christianson refuses to sign the extradition papers. Why
should he? Is not Sheldon a heavy contributor to the republican cam
paign fund. Moreover, what is the sense of sending nice gentlemen like
Sheldon to the pen, when there are plenty of workers to send there, like
Sacco and Vaazetti. Don't forget that in our country all are equal be
fore the law. It is only In benighted foreign countries that the law
leans towards the rich.—not America, no indeed. It is to be noted, that
the state officials are not wasting their precious time, in trying to bring
Sheldon to the socalled bar of justice. Like the capitalist press, they
are extremely careful about saying or doing anything that would em
barrass either Sheldon or Christianson. Yes, all are equal before the
law—like H
they are!"
By LE LAND OLDS, Federated Press
Cooperation between labor and capital is the dominant note in the in
dustrial situation as we celebrate Labor day, 1926.
with efficiency engineers before the
era of industrial relations. 1
whether it means the development of new tactics in labor's struggle for
power or surrender to the paternalism of an international owning class.
The rapid development of cooperation is not limited to America, where
it has the appearance of coming by agreement, nor to Italy, where it has
been openly ordered by a capitalist dictator. It is becoming a most im
portant tendency in England. Other European workers are feeling its
influence. And even Russia is accepting it on a national scale as a basis
for survival in a world 5-6 capitalist.
This is emphasized in Trotsky's Whither Russia. He says of the New
Economic Policy: "Our present order is based not only on the struggle
between socialism and capitalism, but— to a certain extent—on the collab
oration between them. For the sake of the development of our productive
forces we not only tolerate private capitalist enterprise, but—again to a
certain extent—we foster and even implant it."
Since Trotsky's writing, this has become increasingly true not only of
Russia's internal policy, but also of Russia's external relations with
'italist powers.
Replying to criticisms of their cooperation policy American trade unions
might paraphrase Trotsky's words, stating their new economic policy thus:
''Our present methods are based not only on the struggle between trade
unionism and capitalism but—to a certain extent—on collaboration between
them. For the sake of the development of our forces we not only tolerate
private management of industry but to a certain extent we assist it."
The economic fact behind this new policy is that world labor, whether
in the less militant national trade union movements or in the more mili
tant soviet workers' republic of Russia, faces a world capitalist power far
more vigorous and strongly entrenched than it appeared in the years of
weakness immediately following the
This idea originated
It bids fair to define the next
The important question for the worker is
Assisted by the widespread
employment of the depression years, the employing class has defeated
of the strongest trade unions in the world.
man y
America proved to be the capitalist dark horse,
came out of the war with unparalleled power,
tinues to gain strength in the process of regenerating capitalism in Europe.
The next era in world history will be essentially American—the extension
of the socalled American plan wherever necessary to counteract revolu
tionary tendencies among the exploited workers. It will be the last stand
of the old capitalist industrialism.
This is no theory to American labor. It is hard experience, witness the
crowding of the miners' union to the wall during the last 12 months. And
the unions have interpreted it as meaning cooperate or face years of sub
Just where cooperation with capitalism will lead can only be guessed.
Trotsky admits it holds risks even for Russia. Yet in Russia the workers
hold the power, see clearly the fact of capitalist dominance in the world
outside, and are sure of their objective.
.American labor, cooperation might prove a stepping stone to a stronger
bid for control when the opportunity offers. But today capital holds the
American capitalism
American capitalism con
If the same could be said of
Mr. Wheal Fanner
Do you know that the Canadian Wheat Pool will
handle 85 per cent of the 1926 wheat crop in Canada?
Do you know that where farmers netted $1.43 per
bushel for their wheat the first year the pool operated
they had received only 68 cents per bushel the year
prior to their being organized?
Do you know that the North Dakota Wheat Grow
Association handled four crops successfully and
is now entering on its fifth crop?
Do you know that those farmers who have deliver
ed their wheat for five years are now renewing their
contracts and that their neighbors are joining with
Do you know Secretary Hoover states, after a
thorough investigation, that the pool has reflected 40
cents per bushel on the price to the farmers on ac
count of the operation of the pools in Canada and the
United States?
Do you know that the farmers of North Dakota
and Canada are asking you to join them in their
ettorts to stabilize the price of wheat?
If you are not satisfied with the prices that have
been offered you in the past join the North Dakota
If interested, address Clair Stoner,
wood, Montana.
agent, Plenty

North Dakota Wheat Growers
y Association
letters Intended lor publication «.
this column should reach the Produit
News the lore part ol the week tvÎÎ
should not he long and should w. a!
name and address ol the writer. rvW
musleetioas written ever a nemT
plume will he published «ml? If
panted with the name mt tS* authST""
Heat Production and Heat
Dissipation in the Body

Dr. Edw. E. Yerk, D.C., Ph., c.
I want to make this statement; that
certain conclusions are drawn and
that these conclusions are based up
on facts with which practically all
physiologists açree and which facts
are thoroughly in accord with Chiro
practic Philosophy. I will give you
nothing ae facts that cannot be back
ed up by any standard authority
physiology. I will express this as_
opinion, relying upon logic alone for
the conclusions that are drawn. You
will be able to discriminate which of
the statements made are proved facts
and which are merely the application
of those ideas Chiropractically in the
explanation of fevers.
I feel that the explanation of fever
is important, because such a wide va
riety of cases we come in contact with
show an increased temperature. In
the first place: heat as maintained in
the body, is constant in the normal
state with daily variations of usu
ally one degree. The average tem
perature is 98.6' F. It might be slight
ly increased or decreased from this
amount. The maximum temperature
during the twenty-four hour period
is at four or five o'clock in the af
ternoon. The minimum temperature
occurs about three o'clock in the
morning, after the body has been at
rest for a number of hours. This
seems to result very largely from the
physiological changes which occur in
the body. The normal activity during
the day and the increased mental and
physical work culminates at the max
imum temperature in the latter part
of the afternoon, while the rest which
is obtained during the night through
the relaxation of muscles results in
the minimum temperature. If the
process is reversed, and a person per
forms night work and sleeps during
the day, it is found the minimum is
during the latter part of the sleeping
hours, and the maximum is during
the working hours which would be at
mospheric conditions,
outside the body, but rather the occu
pation of the individual that causes
that variation. In studying the ques
tion of heat production and heat dis
sipation we must realize the temper
ature normally is maintained at a cer
tain degree. In order for this to be
'■.rue, we must have the same mechan
ism which maintains heat dissipation
at the same rate that heat production
occurs. Heat production varies and
when we are at rest, our muscles are
relaxed and the production of heat
in the body is at a minimum and yet
the temperature remains at 98.6' F
or approximately so. If we perform
labor, we consume oxygen in the body,
the muscles contract forcibly, we
breathe heavily and we are using nu
tritive material and the metabolism is
increased and the production of heat
is increased to that degree, but at the
same time our temperature remains at
98.6' F., or nearly so. In other words,
no matter whether the heat produc
tion is low or high, it is kept pace
with by heat elimination and if much
heat is produced, much is eliminated
and vice versa, and there must be
some mechanism whereby the dissipa
tion of heat is held in proportion to
the production. This can only be thru
the nervous system, the one system
that is in touch with all systems, be
cause in all systems, heat is pro
(Continued next week).
So it is not a question of at
or conditions

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