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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, January 27, 1928, Image 6

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Farmer Wants Justice,
Not Advice, Says Martin
situation is entirely different to that [
of the United States. Canada, as we
all know, with no tariff in mind, is
pooling to get the best price through ;
co-operative marketing in the world's
markets for the greater part of its
crop and as a member of this pool 1
contend that with only 52% of the
producers members of the pool the
percentage of efficiency falls far 1
short of what it would he with an
100% membership. As a member I
rweive about S0% of the market price
at the time of marketing, a further j
payment in the course of three or
four months and the balance within
a year, less the cost (really an Eiiual
ization fee) whereas my neighbor, one
of the 4H%, not a member of the
pool, receives 100% of the market
price at the time of marketing, thus
receiving every benefit for which he |
pays nothing. It should he an easy |
matter to make the Canadian wheat
pool 100% efficient in every wav and j
it is merely justice to compel every
beneficiary to pay his share, no more
no less, for beside the regular tax |
provided for various purposes in Can-1
a,la we find such taxes as the surtax, j
the wild land tax. hail tax on raw ]
land, the latter equivalent to paying j
fire insurance on a vacant lot to pro
tect the neighbors' building; thus
legislation making every bushel pay
its wav should find little opposition
and so', as you can readily see, could
he made 100% workable. All govern
ment is forced co-operation.
The Equalization Fee, as you are
aware, really becomes a bounty tax
payable to the exporter who finds a
market for the surplus wheat or nro
ducts, a very simple process. Act
ually, Mr. Jardine, if you and I own
ed and controlled all of the wheat in
the United States we would co-oper
ate and would need no legislation to
get the benefit of the tariff on what
is consumed at home. If this is true
of wheat it likewise is true of the
other five basic commodities mention
ed in the McNary-Haugen Bill and
would also be true of all non-perish
able commodities that are relative to
those mentioned in this measure,
which takes in practically everything,
Certainly no hair lines should bo
drawn questioning the constitution
ality of the bill. Even the perishable
commodities should be benefitted and
the Equalization Fee being paid by
the beneficiary of the commodities
named in the measure only, no one
would be harmed by this method of
organization and co-operation. There
fore, practically all producers ot anv
commoditv would be benefited. The
tariff on the statute books is there
presumably to benefit the producers
ami the McNary-Hau K en Bill accom
plishes what you and I would do to
make the tariff fully effective, or
what any small group who could easi
ly cooperate would do, wthout ques
tion, in the marketing of not only the
.surplus hut all of any product. One
can hut question the sincerity of pur
pose of those opposed to a plan that
e i-Äj-rirs
really a stabilizer of the necessities
reany a siauuizer oi xne necessities
of life, a regulator of prices, produc
tion and orderly marketing, the equal
ization fee fluctuating aAcordini to
surplus with an elimination of violent
fluctuation of prices, of no benefit to
producers or consumers such as oc
curred February, 1925, when wheat
dropped 17c in one day and advanced
15c the following day in our market.
In other words, any legislation pass
ed must require each marketed unit
•(Continued from pane One)
in the Drainage Act and also in tho
Federal Reserve Act that has forced
all national banks, some unwillingly,
into the Federal Reserve system,
which, apparently, is now well thought
of by those in control and which "be
cause of its compulsory membership
(Equalization Fee plan) "is the bul
wark of the Federal Reserve system' ,
according to the statement of the
Federal Legislative Committee of the
American Banker? Association in con
ventio at Houston, Texas, October 24
You frequently refer to the bene
fits of the Canadian Wheat Pool and ;
suggest that plan as a solution to the
present farm problem. The Canadian j
Different in CanaUa
Again, 93% of the Canadian wheat,
all hard wheat, produced in the three
prairie provinces is seeded, harvested
and marketed at the same time and
easier to pool, whereas here in the
United States we raise wheat from i
Texas to the Canadian border,—win
ter wheat, spring wheat and macaroni
wheat,—planted, harvested and mar
keted at different times and under en
tirely different conditions, and are
endeavoring to get an American price
by making the tariff effective on what
is consumed at home by making the
beneficiary pay an Equalization fee
on every bushel marketed.
A Traders' land Bankers' Measure
The so-called Debenture Plan sug
gested is in reality a subsidy paid out
of the United States treasury and is
in effect a traders and hankers meas
ure and not a producer's measure, to
control the marketing of and take out
of the hands of the producer the in
alienable right to handle his own
business through recognized legiti
mate channels, and it would open the
way for speculators to gamble in not
only the scrip but the entire produc
tion with little or no benefit to th.?
farmer who does not want the gov
ernment nor the so-called "big busi
ness" to take charge of his affairs
under any circumstances. The De
benture Plan further is not a stabiliz
er or regulator and presumably
templates protection on the surplus
only of the various exportable pro
ducts. About 8% is surplus and the
Debenture Plan would he of little
no benefit to the 92% consumed at
home. The same would be quite true
of the other plans and the loaning of
money to various co-operative
cerns, really putting the government
into business, with no protection to
the government whatsoever and not
workable until all were forced
one co-operative body,
demands the McNary-Haugen Bill.
Each commodity to pay its share
the cost of its stabilization and

The farmer
tection on all of the products named
in the measure.
the United
The commission
reported after a thoro investigation
that it cost 42c per bushel more to
produce wheat in the United States
than in Canada, which resulted in tho
tariff being raised from 30c, the
schedule tariff, to 42c per bushel, but
the tariff was not effective then and
is not effective now either on wheat
or the other grains, barley, rve and
oats, the prices of which are all high
er in Canada as the preaviling mar
kets will show. Undoubtedly the
commission was sincere in its purpose
to benefit the farmer who demands
the tariff he made effective to that
The tariff is nothing new to this
country, having been known and in
effect these many vears, and condi
tiens now will not* peimita change
The dollar is practical! J stabilized^at
about 16s% of the 1913 dollar with
little or no fluctuation for Hie pÜt I
six years, according to reports of the
government and enormous debts of
every kind have been contracted on
an inflate,! dollar bafis; con sequent W
cannot he paid back with a deflated
dollar. The tariff and kindred legis
lation may he likened unto the prairie
fire. We do not like it hut our pro
tection is in starting another fire to
prevent our being wiped out
Voluntary Co-Ooerafion 1'
T , . y P Impractical
\ he ™ r ls r * y 4 ° rep:uIate acre '
a £ e Production imismuch as the
a . nd °, n , e ' half m . llllo, i farmers scat
4 1 as they are in competition witli
one another, each with his own plant
and individual problems to meet, be
sides climatic conditions, pests, etc., I
to contend with absolutely precludes
the possibility of effective voluntaiy |
cooperation which you can readily see
must be a forced co-operation. It was
far easier for , the less than fifty
thousand manufacturers pnloucing °v
t- ?°V a the 11:00,18 made in the
United States and for organized! la
bor to . K' et the benefits of the tariff i
and kindred legislation, such as the
Adamson Act, th elmmigration Act, 1
the rederal Reserve Act, and others.
It is easy for the few who can co-op
erate to exploit the farmer through
pr|ce depressmn
The labor on the farm w'hich is
not organized is surely entitled to the
same measure of protection as is ac
eonled.to orgamzed labor in in'lustry
in? 1 ,s / ef l. ul PP ed to restrict its pro
duction (a laudable plan if not over
done The McNary -Haugen Bill in
direct ,y proves this protection. Tm
dmnH An \ eridan standard of living
should apply to all. In The Satur
day Lvenmg p ° st Hilary 29, 1927,
f ! nd \ N,I l ,a ^ 1 Green, President of
the A^nencan Federatum of Labor,
old President Coohdge at a White
House luncheon that labor must have
shorter working hours in order to
rw A 16 %° ndltl0 ° of ove r-production.
Christian G. Norman, Chairman of the
Board of Governor of the Builders
Trades Em p lo y ers of New York City,
lustHnf îf L mee X n * °? tbe State In "
D*al Survey Commission, August
1600 .'jTvm 1 s v ® ra ^ e . bricklayer 1«U
Ä *6» «WS»" d Si y When . he "-i
ceived $5.50 or $6.00, whereas at pres
-no r h<> !; 'll Kets $14 00 h * toys only
fiVe Hm« greater* thUS beinK alxM "
f ^h a i„'' suggested solution
of the present farm problem you fail
a?.ri" ke mt ° . ac e° unt , th * tact that all
acreage producing farm commodities
of every kind is relative and must he
oMofaVt'bT"* W#Ato * a
solution as the acreage producing
wheat only is but a small part of the
Canllifn ea Li YOUr i re /r^ t0 the
e-ivino- th* P ?.?ù^ fa llf„7 bort , of
tie if anv protection Dîvprcîr 68 ** 11 '
without a stabilization nolicv «ÎSh?«
the MrN«™!?! Poli cy _such as
simnlv me-iri« f. Provides,
harder produce more and^eB f° ?° rK
Under'vour plan there wouhl
ly follow^ in iÄÄf 111 ;
wheat at the expense of
detriment of irdxed fLüdn * n
farm acreage i? ? e lltive
the greater nart of the ,y far
much so is moducimr w? ' Very
corn oats harlev -,mi r«-^i pastura ^ e *
various kinds that i J?- w P i of
meat animals on tL^hnnT
you certainlv must h! wolf d whlch
cannot he marketed unde? ,
orderly or co-oncritiv, a S °7 a . ed
pl an such as Secretary
Sther X-cate for the reZn ÆS
these meat ani'mils must I? ?
ed wh?n they a?e re?Z if
they are so'] at i lo s àn.I if rV flt
held ataToss MntS S®
farmer's hands as meat i
are prepared fo? cTneî.mX^ "1
"Aid £ meTr 1? ""l'Aîlï 1 ™ . and
i n various forms thev ^ ïh* Ur ^ d
held indefinitely and have the* worn
for a market. This fact has not been
re f„ted and apparently^ ouraosete
avoided by the opponent? to P the mZ
Nary-Hauuen measure and thov ten
well known that th"* vast acreage
production would receive no protêt
tion under anv other nl m Anv nl-m
that provWes for the boAro^nv' Aî
money and piling up of surplus^does
not e]i f 5. *1^ ao ®
i n n u m P rodu Ç ts and bis bed
fellow, the money-lender, who 'n
^vp., f,- nnTw .p C Q „,i A u
tivitv Hrrptnfnr Hi \ S b t bls ac_
be- Ä» haS
d UC p r ; n fu p nr Hp r i pfu , to . tbe P«
S«t" h marketing of his
of a commodity to pay its share of
the costs of its own stabilization anil
protection, call it what you may.
t'osts Moro to Raise Wheat Here
Before the War the tariff on wheat
was 10c per bushel. During the War
it was not taken into account. Fol
lowing the War the need of raising
the tariff generally became apparent
and included the various farm com
The E'ordney-McCumber
Act which is a flexible tariff, enables
the Lresident oi the United States on
advice of the Tariff Commission
lower or raise the tariff any amount
to the extent, of 50% of the schedule.
Early in the summer of 1925 a com
mission of which you were a member
was appointed to make a thorough in
vestigation as to the cost of produc
tion of wheat both in
States and Canada.
"They Planted a Mine"
Secretary of State Hughes, in the
campaign of 1924, referring to what
took place in 1920 and 1921, stated
"They (those in control) proceeded to
a drastic deflation (farm products)
which brought on a smash", "it is
literally true that they planted a
mine under our economic system and
blew it up."
The following testimony of Dr.
John R. Commons makes the reason
and method very clear. Testimony of
Dr. John R. Commons of the Univer
sity^of Wisconsin, on February 4,
1927, before the House Committee on
Banking and Currency at a hearing
r the Strong Bill, House Bill No.
/o95, to amend the Federal Reserve
Act Dr. Commons quoted a speech
by W. A. Day, then Deputy Govern
or of the Federal Reserve Bank of
San Francisco, November, 1920, be
fore a meeting of bankers of south
em California, in which he told the
liankers there assembled that, they
were not to loan any farmers any
money to hold any crops beyond bar
vest time. If the-- did, ho said, the
federal Reserve Bank would refuse to
rediscount a single piece of paper
taken on such a tiansaction. He de
dared that all farmers should sell
all of their crops at the haivcst time
unless they had money of their own
to finance themselves, as the Federal
veserve Lank would do nothing to
wards helping the farmers hold back
an > of their crop, no matter
y -, the . condition ot the market,
hi"lï a V n f trU i C » 0ns W€ « ' s , en l fort ! 1
Î/V h Federal Bese ™e Rank through
out . the country, (Jou cant co-op
f rate a,ld market orderly when credit
, and .^ arkct l n f L foice '| re '
k . JJ p ° J c '° htl ?? °L tb f. ™ a !; ket >
p lii l,!!!! l aU,: - 1 tbmk 1 wa8 |
kZJI'T per ^ 0 {{ present who was not
qSn a ? d . thl ? ™ as ,n . a way ' ,on -
1 R ad '' lc * b » ln Ç ? 1Ve " by l . h t e
Scl nf /° r ^ f uul '
•nimittr ifi ti say that was
Federal Re«l'rvn RnfJ i ^ °\! the
officer of tho nf,.,? i / made by an j
nu, no«e .d m-Sn J dcleRated for th e |
?" The informs if, a " , annoancemen J
}?[ {he mfoimation and guidance of
" lk ® rR , of ^ district. No one
i Ji t th ' ^? r one minuute as
? th 5 nat 1 uml and lo ^ ica coa '
Zr SUCh a F°ll Cy would be *
JîrSl® « ÏÎ Crop w th , e ^ oun . try ls
fc f the markot at tbe tln ? e of
^pressed You'can beTf ^ f "W '
or vou can bull the nnrfIi h Ti, r k f I
eîaî Reseive B-irk .S?; ^
k„„' ,, ik deliberately set out |
„ft Now if they j
Z 1 1 Î "U* 18 îi. t,n,e * have they 1
and nnn i n 1 ° bei commodities, |
^taWHze monetTnd H be ^
sale prices''" OuesHn^fn Ar W p° e ' I
mnnJ <S ' U ' u n Jr - Com- -
to be* e-iven in Jj peecb . J"pposetl
fhj V f ?°YT bt ' r ' l 920 ; Su P J
pose that at that time the Federal I
wWch th^v ïn had | bn ^o these things I
^ cb they } eara ed in 1922 and 1923 ?" |
3 yid f a of w, ? a t they have done is
{ b jf- If t**ey did not want prices to !
tan as . ra P ld1 / as they did from $2.47
| ow . n to $1.38 they could have started i
,u >! n g securities, which they did start:
y ,v ' nî j , n . They could have j
s { arted bayin g securities in 1920. In
: Lt>a<l °' keeping the discount rate up i
^ e V en P® 1 * c° nt .they could from 1
K " u d( { w n to the middle of 1921 have !
r '!'* iuced that discount rate gradually, i
* noy co { ,h, not have stopped the de
hut they could have put i.
cus . ni :? n an They might have stop
p . e<1 11 a { one sl ^ty by buying securi
,** *V, ey , held U P the rediscount
l 'j le untl * , e ^^squeezed the blood out
01 eve rybody. They might have short
tw ^at dmcount rate much earlier
Fhey might have prepare,l for it by
> ng securities.
VVOU d u, dd , a 80 the presidential
! ' } Ve * u had 1° have prosperity
it '. 24 a J{ d they brought on pros-!
I, u '.. bej?a . n buying, began
1 r k tbe rates, increasing the vol
.S° ney j sent prices up from
'' 1 «w/ 1 " 1 . a Kru;ultural prices
" 7 L up industr >al prices went
. { ', and th e average was from 145
to 161 ' Fn . .. . . .
Th - J Liquidation ,
,' , p . ol,cy 0 f. enfored liquidation
. n affecting prices and values
80 { bat «turns obtained for livestock
J?""** 1 were + practically nil, »a
f a ^, . ca8e T 8 n jt being enough to pay
| n f 1 : Ia Minnesota corn sold at
J' P f bus , h , e1 ' s ? me usln *f corn
» 01 }?®l' ?. sold as ,aWas 14 cents
LLf bî ce . nts J P? r
ivn nno y ^ Hie carload, hay raised in
| ^ ™Xt Äth^E ,y 'Ä the freight
ÄÄtt ,
, . r * J ne, with the enforc
ed 'L efl 5 tl0 ^ e,l,ct of , thc Adorai Re .,
how im^s^ible 5 "" 6 is tô"orgMizc'a
tem b wh«i^he' J Fe le ^1^'
MUration for the nnwll^a ° f sU ;
* ,°»Æf P" bl ' lc K °'"l 1 '' on J a nd
a ,1 p to a P rlce Dxmg
Si TC'ftSÄ*!''"«:
• anc l d intereRts to
gj ? r Tab® not ° f any - 2? UB "
-^-^ b -° r n0t Wel1 or g anized
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capable of being organized as is the
case with the farmer who has never ;
been able to Put a Dr i ce on his pro
duct and has never benefited from
patents, brands labels advertising,
etc.,which com e 'into play immediately
his products are in the* hands of the
manufacturer a nd the farmer lacking
organization and he only has practic
ally been forced to carry the burden J
of the war to the extent of twenty
billions of dollars which is a matter
of record. I n ot ^ er wor ds, to the ac- j
turn of the Federal Reserve Bank in j
its policy can be attributed the plight 1
and misery 0 f the farmer who has ;
been consistently advised to "organ
ize, co-operate and market his / stuff
orderly", which is an impossibility
un '!® r prevailing conditions.
The farmer has every reason to
have lost faith in the advices given
him from sources so closely associât
ed with and dominating the policy of
the Federal Reserve Bank. His dis
heartening experience has convinced
him that he must take the matter of
co-operation and orderly marketing
into his own hands and in older to
make it 100% efficent he finds no
thing better than the McNary-Haugen
Equalization Pee Plan paid by tho
beneficiary only that will make a just
and true co-operative orderly market
body with a hoard made up of
an . <ler i stan <] 1 ng am! sympathetic
f nends of by f ar the biggest business
ot the nation, one that creates the.
new wealth every year that contnh-1
ut f es n to the happiness and prosperity
of all f, .. f ^ .
* Evils ,,f iho McFadden Act
Again, the action of the Federal
Reserve Bank through its control of
T ney an< Cre<lits ci,use<l the 5 losinK
cauntry banks an<1 ° u ther I
d ^ p ®y d ® nt , lndu stry which have been j
zaCnn nf' n by - the rapidly centrali
Ration of all industry, i.e., the cnam ,
mail order houses, and now
' t cbal " bank brou K ht mto existence
oy the McFadden Act which also jje
{ends the life of the Federal Reserve
' a 'J k an d which Representative Me
Fadden within two months of its eu- 1
? ctment # ' « or « ly deplores aS a vicious ;
-° rm of cha . ,n banking through hold-,
,n K companies and a menace to the j
neSed îo tf/r nit ^ r haS ^
MHnUwï ^ 1 Camptrolle 1 r , of ^u^rency ,
nor ChrL?f d U ® serve S oard .?, ovef /:
^ Chns.inget to use all possible e,-.
forts to prevent the new law hecum
mg the nursery of a gigantic credit •
trust until the next congress shad
Pie-idem M / S - S1 ? all T W ,° nder
AmenV m îf u" a' ay l° r -° f t,ICf 1
American Banker Association in con
at Houston, Texas, October ,
? 4 ' 1927 ' stated: "That nothing coula |
be more unfortunate than either agi
ta -«? n f ° r actual fui ' ther legislation
with respect to our banking system
for some time to qpme and that most
of all that anything should be done to
change the fundamental structure of
the Federal Reserve Act." I
Certainly he wants no change in a
system that through its interlocking
directorate, control of finance and
centralization, is taking into its own
hands the merchandising of the entire
country to the detriment of the need-,
ful local merchant and local hanker,
that means so much to every commun- j
'ty. Such a pernicious system must
jbe stopped forthwith by drastic meus- 1
ures, if necessary, and banking limit- 1
to its proper place with no intru- '
into other lines permissible. 1
The need of the bank, the merchant
i and any. other business and the mer
changing of the community with all
| their profits req3gm,oing there to build
: up and mainlairma community center
and spirit is essential to the welfare
happiness and contentment of a
j people and it should become the im
mediate duty of the government to
bring this about.
{ w e want no legislation that con
templates borrowing money by the
farmer whose predicament os due
largely to the action of the Federal
Reserve Bank . ystem bringing about
deflation of prices on farm products
an d enforced liquidation at a tremen
dous and lira,t-breaking sacrifice lo
the farmer borrower which started in
1920 and 1921 (when the Ninth Fed
eral Reserve Bank made an unwar
j ranted profit of *126% for the year
! and some of the large New York City
| banks u made 1o ea ? r, ? 0US profits > *' ome
i as high as 123% for the yean when
i drfU,ti S? an< ' li< "?. datio "
M h "» 1 " r the country
• banker and the country merchant, and
has graduelly developed into the cep
! knd'whieh T* S'îfW* 1 lne
o^th^New York'sto'dc
, '•»change, the membershb, of which
^ aS "l» em U n P nn ar<ls of t300 - 00ft a"' 1
j 'he. curb $40,000.
Agam eariy in 192<, the governor
ÄÄÄ C- ed f ra l RwerV ? His-1
tnct (Roy A. >oung) appearing he
i°li tbe Ba '? iness Meo ' 8 Commission
both Chicago and Minneapolis,
stressed the tact that in the past few
years the member and other banks of
this district nad liquidated an indebt
edness of approximately two hundred
million dollars down to less than sev
e-n millions which we know was unex
plainably and selfishly unwarranted
and contributed very largely to the
plight and misery of the farmer,
the local banker and merchant and
should not have been heralded as evi
dence of prosperity.
The Greatest Power In the World.
The Federal Reserve Board with
power to create a "spurious prosper
ity" by inflating prices, or a business
depression by deflating prices, has the
greatest power of any government
bony in the world. Further, with the
control of three-fifths of the gold
supply of the world in the United
States and the liquid tax-exempt se
curities displacing the farm mort
gage and the home, a dangerous and
vicious situation has arisen. Form
eily, the farm mortgage and the
home was litjuid but now is frozen,
even though secured by the land itself,
than which there should be no better
security. So it is obvious that equali
ty legislation must be enacted to
stabilize an industry that feeds and
clothes the nation. It has now reach
ed a point of self preservation with
the agriculturist who demands imme
diate action and who is not to be pia
cated with talk of tariff adjustment,
waterways, barge lines, lower freight
rates and other so-called remedies not
pertinent to the main issue.
In the control of finance, laboring.
railways and public utilities through
the various boards, the Department
of Commerce (Secretary Hoover) in
k,s . zcal to capture the world trade
" u Oft tied condition following
the M orld War, has actually indus
tnahzed the United States at the ex
pense, detriment, and misery of agn
culture which is borne out by his
own statements March 30, 192G, |
farm values shrink 17 billions—or
25%." The government conceding
three billions more since then. In a
letter to the St Paul Dispatch, March !
23, 1925, his only idea of relief to the 1
agriculturist is, "To wait ten years
for the increased population to ah
n V\ th -* ^ Department
of Agriculture Sept. 12, 192i, says: j
, Iarm 'î uIues continued to shrink
duung the crop year just ended."
Adding, "That there are plenty of j
fauns for sale with buyers few and,
cautious. Oct. L9, 192,, Mr. Hoover i
Say8: " 1 be Bett . er of Am( ' r,ca
J"°'T e ment was founded in the belief
that our national strength and wel- j
faie are sustained by high ideals and i
sturdy character." "The first essen
tial for wholesome home life is a
good house in which the family may
hve in privacy and comfort." In j
Child Welfare Magazine, April, 1927,
he says: "It is a tribute to the thrift
of millions of our people and to their
will to own their homes and improve
their living conditions. There can be
n <> sounder guarantee of the stability |
an 'l progress of our nation than that
in every child there should be implant
led the ideal of an owned home as the I
center of a happy family life." To 1
the farmer everything on the farm I
n «t only the house, every building'!
the orchard, livestock, equipment and
acreage means home to himself and
family. S'urely he should he safe
guarded equally with his city cousin
in the enjoyment of the sacred rights
in his property and home,
The farmer faces a condition not
of his own making or because of any
caielessness on his part, hut <lue en
tirely to the overnight enforced dc
Dation. Had he have had the beriet
of a 100%r membership with an un
derstanding Farm Board in a co-op
erative organization in 1921 his dol
lar would be on a parity with the do -
lar of industry and labor.
Using President Coolidge's own
words in a Lincoln Day speech in
1924, in New York City, he say?
"Agncuiture is distinctly a national
que.-tion *' It is the primary source
of sustenance, enterprise, industry and
wealth." "The farmer s not receiv
ing his share, the average price of
his product is a little abov e P pre-w a r
L'd wheieas that of manufacturers
arc about 50% higher." The result
has b, en a decrease in the value of
farm land » the choking of tho ave
r.ues of erdeit with obligations which
»,<« worths or <loubtfîl The fore
closure of moa^ges and the suspen
sion of a large number of bank«''
The same thing is Hue today
I *♦■«•*»«« and Propaganda.
1 ai(T b H , 'imn ln Uei S ier^ , appears 0 to*the or
dinary person as only a camouflage
, a"' 1 propaganda to distract attention
(from the real issue. The various
; heads of railways centering in the
Twin Cities as self-appointed "auth
onties ' on agricultural comfitions
1 with a story of their own to te\l
They know better than anyone the
true farm situation and that the farm
er cannot change his business or pick
up and leave even though he pays
the full freight both ways and tney
would no doubt espouse the cause of
the farmer for much needed legisia
tion if the matter of railway financ
ing from time to time did not come
from the East where policies are die
tated. Their pointing out that there
no need of Equality legislation for
the farmer is not in keeping with the
increase of 57% in railroad rates ov
er 1913.
Likewise a group of officials of the
American Society of Agricultural En
gineers, of which the International
Harvester Company (whose stock
more than doubled in price in sixteen
months); the J. I. Case Threshing
Machine Company; and the Iowa ;
Railway and Electric Company, a puh- 1
He utility, were represented, visited j
the Black Hills with their panacea
for the farmer's ailment, I
The first two are a group having
monopoly of the implement busi
ness and price their own products. !
The latter groups up and promotes
light, power, etc, properties under!
franchise on which a friendly coni
mission places a valuation, a return
on which frequently becomes an un- j
due burden to the using public. The
suggestions from these people are !
very misleading and purely propa
ganda. Arthur Huntington, of the I
lowa Railway and Electric Company,
said: ".Many farmers are so ineffi-1
cient they can't possibly earn a
They are the ones who produce I
the surplus that muddles the entire I
agricultural situation." Thh, is aM
Even some of our supposedly friend
l y farm magazines published in the
industrial East are filled with mis
leading articles on agricultuie which
s m ore propaganda to befuddle the
m | n ds of their readers. A long the
pa id writers contributing such arti
c i cs are: James E Boyle Professor
0 f Rural Ficonomv Cornell Univer
Lsii,\ ; Kaufmann and Gai"*t Garrett
and even Patten, in the Saturday
Evening Post-all propaganda
Ï our attention is caLed to s UC h
caS es as in Collier's April 9 1927 !
editorial: "GWe the faf"i, his due 1
or he'll take it" (Farm legislation),
Here legislation is advised. October
22, 1927, editoriirl in Collier's* "His
Ovation lies not in law but in ai- ^
plying t " his wiik the marveleils p^w- !
er which in every fif'1,1 science is 1
making available." Apparent!-; the I
purchase of more big powered ma- 1
chinerv is intended. This does not!
substantiate the story of the man en
glgedin an^ intensified farming on SL i
£() acres so frequently nohited out •/« ;
a crowning success in agriculture a
sholt time ago 6f cours- th far'n. 1
e r know? thlf is some more nropa-an
d a ' ' "
" n , ..
r „. Quotes The Journal
The Minneapolis Journal, July 2G,
1D23, says, evidently with the tariff
ln mind: " If th is can o».> done for
th e manufacturer, he (the farmer)
does not see why B cann,) t be done,
for him on his Pr° duct - Congress has
provided him with a uaiff on grain
but tb,s tarlff is non-effective, be
cause there is a sur Pl us to sell in the
world market - Liverpool fixes the
price of th is surplus, hence the farm
cr K ets no benefit. There snr.u'd ho ;
a way ou L Joes not war.» to he
treated any differently than his fel
lows ' n business are treated, hut ho
want * to be treated as well a. they
are treate,?." For some time past tho
Minneapolis Journal has fought this
very thing above advocated 1
A surplus should be a blessing, not !
a curse - There is no such thing as
a wor l<l surplus or destruction of non
Perishable products now or in the
years past. It is not only common
sense but good business to have a
Pl cnt y and to thank the good Lord
^ same, and as in the past market
the surplus in the countries of the
w °Hd to a people who cannot and do
n °l produce sufficient to take care cf
their own needs so will gladly buy
wh at we mav have to sell and this
would not be dumping either.
°ne hundred leading stock com
Panics in the Unite,! States havei
gained $1,754,000,000 since January
L 1927, for a nine months period,
Some of the profits of 45 industrial
companies at least, is duo to he
>»»ther1y care which noverr m e"t
throws around such little chicken« as
the United States Steel Corporation
and Internatoinal Harvester Conîpa
i-arm^s 6 are merely °asking*
legislative act to combine them so
ll 'ey. too, may obtain the benefits of
a" effective tariff.
'Distressed lands amounting to two
billions of dollars, according^ to the
K°vornment, in the hands of absentee
aad unwilling landlords siSi S the
State, the Farm Land Bank, Life In
surance Companies, Trust Companies,
;{°.. 8a Y not hmg of the unfortun
mort??™ 113 Wb u bouffht a farm
7°Ä a 5 e a " a edge investment,
k tru y a deplorable situation. The
wfT7 Wer bavm » I° R t his all and the
?nnt r Rettlnpr something he does not
Wa J, t ' . .
melit nf Î W0 . ye * Ts a ^° the Depart
Agriculture made the state
SSÎ th ® val ue of farm
fc îîr 6 United States is 20% be
i a i V ^ rage> the New En 8*
and Btate s holding their own and in
v«?? la ^tances showing a slight ad
van Ce (due no doubt to small farms
n^n i r6ady *u ° cal marke * for their
L 1 ; ducts ln the big market centers).
of X . e ' ° n I ands in the United
lO?? 8 T are n, 12 xr higher than 1913
{S 14 ;. the Ninth Federal Reserve
° n farm lands have in
E d * 146% ® v f r 1913-1914 taxes,
! s J ru ? °f the Middle West and
on ? 1S b ? S1S , the Middle West values
,,l a ™ ,ands mus t have dropped to
approx.mately 70% of the 1913-19H
aV l, Pa| ?f- . .
tbe d °Har inflated to
tht % r w ? th . llfct,e or no fluctuations in
tahilSp t | S ?*? e ? ra ' tbus prac tically
70 ^ A tha ' Kotat, with land at
ZL 1 ^ 0 , taxes U P to 246%
?? Çî l!| 13-1914 levels we find a
bT^JSÎ dW ° n is anything
No^TTr iA h
...„1%' M ' J l rdln o, you know, with
ÎKÏ I' CTres s,a ™K Mm in the face
MM„itr' fnr"' h? faM .r see the
necessity for immediate remedial
! » v™ "■ W-ari:
sä- — «• >•"

District taxes on farm lands' have ln
Th?s S T« t 46% ,°rr 1913 ' 1914 taxes.
L fv? u rU - °S the Middle West and
on farm fV he Mid<He West values
on farm lands must have dropped to
aSge mately ?0% ° f the ^
16^ rt Z r v. rîît 1 the dollar inflated
the Z«?* 1 • ltt 6 ° r no Aquations in
stehiC« .Pfartically
with land at
up to 246%
we find
Losses of Farmers.
So much has been printed in re
cent weeks about the alleged current
prosperity of th farmers that a new
dustri J al S Confü ed by ? he Nation al In
dustrial Conference Board sunnlies a
2°ï of widespread interest ■
states that farmers, allowing them
work 8 suffereM^ employees for their
Tn TliiZ" j l 08ses of $881,000.000
nn ?n iv, an i $960,000,000 in Mis
TW? i« i,-iî he - fl \ e years ending 1925.
. likewise true of other sections.
The United _
Agriculture Au uu .t
Poultry and Eg* ' 6 > 19 2?
severe drop in n ri ports Point?,
purchasing power #' hs
pre-war normal tk 0nl V 5"*
of hogs showing a , Posent •
hundred within * ' rop of so? 0 *
shows relatively JL-, Weelt rece a
chase power Br -k log s in
scale machine f irm- ban kint, p . Ur -
chandising, central! k ' chain
ing, combined nm «L Zed ma nuf»? N
consolidated traiKn >r * of . dis tnb? N
centralized govern m atlon faciHr*
do these innovation 1 contr °l~-wi! 8 '
future of the inder^ 8 i Promise for c
for the independent 1 i, nt far me r s ltle
First, last and .,n >Us ' n ess n, 3 "' 1
we have a tariff . 'i 0 ) 6 .' don't fJ r ''
tive acts. N ow in.i ^ ln '* re d le.j^
and it labor and Z. e a "riculh
ure of protection \ ? ^ e . sa me ms
jiff effective in ma king the t***
sav . ry way. ***•
when in reJit C0 V nt . r y is n ro
benefiting n „i. y d * s sectional ^
n ess is •> ,p \ *' c<rt ain lines n f u an ?
situation d Rcrous and unK ,
Intelv ncp,.?*! ° f c ® n Cdence k ,
nrosneritv VT, *" y *'i Du» pr 0 p a »'
McNarv-Ho.' * be op l M 'nent<
the thnmrM ffen I l neai ' u re is to a: •
The fartî " £i |UaIity leS.fr' 1
for farm lh 5 re is no ^V
since rfeflLïï <>r farm *and
ran hr : con sequentlv' R ly
i n rK)intino- ) ?.°f P f L rity The PwJl*
liv-.centlv «tZ«?Z th 8ale of f ar ' m he
i n the RedRk s ?! e of
kota (1-m, fl. X alle >> North i?
the fertile compared
a «um L d ° f the Nile) ^^
an amount if^i about ^ Per
me.Us am ^ - C0Rt of Tl?*'
peritv' Thi« i« °f ln - d,cati °n oU? 6 *
tained now »M typu ' aI of DÜcefî
a s compared wîti, er Mi »W ' *
ognizST x th . establiah ed
deflation pnor ta the
will ♦
,,f t |, " questioning the sin«,«,
V-n v H < ! , !f ) ° n< nts the plan thp V'
is the ?[*
ft "wl V' S °° per <*nt efflLS
w? r f J by ,ts 100 Per cent m, 1 "
hl lhf Ï co-operation made noS
nor'h a w'7, fee
beneficiarv uiti 1 ant0< 1 paid '
tte oLrt nf tiî "° subsi(, y
v,,», * °1 the government. V
° f ^ ri ^ure and the Ù
hav . e continuously Ad '
h *'tenUj advised co-oporatiim anj
wê orderl . y ^arketin d
realize thî v ° U the i,le a; 7,
u 1Z . e f bat you ai 'c having a Hiffi
£ ; Ut f aRk 111 att(;m P ting to get in«
S" f ° u r your Department in the W
1 y , cab,net when practically pvZ
° lh n r Department, because' all l
w f el A 0, » anized ' bave taken acha
i? f the Department of AgricutluredS
to its lack of organization "
The various Cabinet Denartm#.,
within the last few days with ?
exception of your Department In
continuing reports of increased
perity, where as the Deoartmert »
Agricultlre has had nothing to mJ!
but misery and discouragement T,
the past seven years and hunomi !! ■
thousands of farmers are fast "
to the end of their resource* a J
to the unfortunates that have' "
been wiped out.
Now, Mr. Jardine we depend um«
you to stand up for the right« 7/
your Department, ami we will «tomi
by you, for after all government!
nothing more nor less th in fom,I m
operation and this iT UssfclÄ
the Equalization fee nlm it» ^
Nary-Haugen Bill the nnlv wav £
bring about the lust «ïïinÂÏ
six and one-half million farmm
scattered throughout tho wholp
try. The farmer doe« not want .A
vice and so cSled^ llT! £
public but he does demand i u «tire
Aga ; n it is nieielv brine-in? int«
effect the process that vou and I *
any small gîoun wfmld do itlî
I ,
I -
Helena—"A maioritv of the na
lion's 22 million motor car owners are
now faced with th, nécessité of ic
USTri^jw | 'mA u
! Breiteostein, seaelan af' th^ Hct-
tana Automobile-»««opiation who sur-
gests' that 'the indSÄÄ »
save himself considerable trouble od
| h^" "
The^ autanubilé assSat oJ urp
county and city Sto i*.S
lead of Cascade courdvwhichta «<
1 E'ebruary 1 a« the last date on whick
192« plates mSt be on diem «
cause the owner'« in-p«t The pro
ceeÄofthnüLmobnrpWs ^
turned to the ToZf
inated and this distribution is made
monthly to the county commissioners
and appIie(1 to the road fund. Man)
counties are low on their road fund
balances and the receipt of motor i
cenR e fees allows the counties to make
tbei r road budget promptly and start
this work early in the season,
4< "Every year," say Mr. Breiten*«.
motordom goes through the sane
trying days merely because mw*
car owners defer the purchase of tfco
new tags - New plates are inevitable.
One must have them to use a can
Wh y not acquire them well ahead oi
<>f the last minute. ,
"In connection with the purchase o(
n ew tags, the car owner would d
to check over his registration
or title to determine that the official
record of it is straight. It frequent
,y happens that serial or engin« noj
bers are registered incorectly, tho»(J
clerical or other error, and then,
case the car is stolen, recovery«
made that much more difficult.
"It is a wise precaution to <K*
over this information every )«%"
doing so the car owner almost im •
ably will come across marks and J
hers which remarkably facilitate .
tification of the car in case the "J
ever arises, as for instance, when 1
most prominent numbers are renu
or defaced by a thief. „
" 0r > 'ho whole the season «"„j.
which the motorist has an opwr
ty to benefit himself in several «
if only he will take advantMS ^
and at the same time will help !,
— —.* "
^ a
Period of
or risk on
ou as
Respectfully yours,
Indians Shooting Canadian
Antelope 1 hat Escap
Antelope es
in Canada
Helena, Jan. 18.—
from the reserve ?n
snow drifts covered ff. nces ».
shot by Montana J ndiaaS c fate
cinity of Cut
an 1
.. S —. Bank, the
warden is advised. Cam
apply to Indians huntn l
Ass 0 Sf>
Sun River Poultry
$10,000 worth of turkeys

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