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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, June 15, 1928, Image 2

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Paper of the people, By the People, For the People
By the Peoples Publishing Company, Publishers.
CONTINUING—The Outlook Promoter, The Outlook
Optomist, The Dooley Sun, the Antelope Independent,
The Sheridan County News, The Pioneer Press and the
Sheridan County Farmer.
P. J. WALLACE, Editor
FRIDAY, JUNE 15, 1928.
By James Russell Lowell
Where is the true man's father land? Is it where he
by chance is born?
Doth not the yearning spirit scorn in such scant bor
ders to be spanned?
Dh, yes! his fatherland must be as the blue heaven
wide and free!
Is it alone where freedom is, where God is God and
man is man?
Poth he not claim a broader span for the soul's love of
home than this?
Oh, yes, his fatherland must be as the blue heaven
wide and free!
Where'er a human heart doth wear joy's myrtle wreath
or sorrow's gyves
Where'er a human spirit strives after a life more
true and fair,
There is the true man's birthplace grand his is a world
wide fatherland!
Where'er a single slave doth pine, where'er one man
may help another—
Thank God for such a birthright, brother—that spot
earth is thine and mine!
There is the true man's birthplace grand, his is a
world-wide fatherland!
In these days when there is intensive organizing of
farmers in Sheridan County it is well to look around at
the doings of the tillers of the soil in other countries.
We find that in Canada the United Farmers are much
ahead of us in social legislation and have established
a wheat pool which is the wonder of the world.
The following report of a farmers meeting in County
Galway, Ireland shows the problems confronting the
farmers in that country. It is interesting because it
shows the conflict between the ranchbrs and the tillage
farmers. The tillage farmers in County Galway are
something like our farmers in Sheridan County. The
following is the report of the meeting as it appears in
the "Connacht Tribune":
"At a meeting held in Kilcolgan, farmers from Ra
veagh and Clarenbridge attended, and Mr. John Lane
acted as chairman.
"Mr. McGetrick, Organiser and Secretary, said he
was glad to see such a number of farmers present, and
he was sure if they worked well they would have'a good
strong branch in Kilcolgan.
the 'Connacht Tribune,
are trying to throw mud at the Farmers' Union for
other purpose but to deceive you and keep you disor
ganised so that they can continue to exploit you. Mr.
Haverty is again on the warpath. He is anxious to see
the Farmers' Organization had for no other reason only
he did not &et his own way while in the Organisation.
He says, 'I fail to see what advantage the small farm
ers have in joining the Ranchers' Union. The only
for their ills is in other political organisations.'
Haverty must think that you must be asleep for the
last number of years which you are now paying
As you see by letters in
he proceeded, "some people
» »?
"1 think, and I'm sure you do also, that it is time to
give the politician a rest. If, as Mr. Haverty says, the
big farmer is a danger to small farmers, is there not
. twice as much danger from the big salaried men in the
political organisation such as doctors, lawyers and pro
fessors, with salaries running from 600 pounds to 2,000
pounds per year? Do you think those men have much
interest in the small farmer? The only interest I see
they had in him was at election times for his vote and
let him whistle a jig to a mile-stone until the next elec
tion. Now, I challenge Mr. Haverty to show me one of
our largest farmers in the organisation who can safely
say at the end of the year, after paying his working
expenses, that he has 600 pounds for his own personal
use. So, therefore, if the large farmers is a danger,
certainly the politician is to be guarded against. But
I am sure you have sense enough not to swallow this
self-made pill of Mr. Haverty. I think it would be to
the interest of the large farmer to pull down taxation
more than anybody else as his burden is greater. There
fore, if it was only for selfish interest alone he would
be doing good for you.
"He also says that the Farmers' Union is controlled
by big graziers—another false statement, because the
Farmers Union is only controlled by delegates sent by
each county executive and the county executives give
those delegates their mandate going up. But possibly
he means Colonel Gibbon, Mr. Cobb, Mr. Wilson, Mr.
Jordan, Mr. Doyle, Mr. Wall, Mr. Houlihan,
each and everyone of those gentlemen and I say they
are not graziers but tillage farmers.
I know
Colonel Gibbon,
the last time I was there, had 200 acres in tillage; Mr.
Jordan 153 acres; Mr. Cobb, 100 acres; Mr. Doyle about
the same; Mr. Wilson about the same; Mr. Houlihan
and Mr. Wall had also a large amount of tillage, and
. not one Pound of their crops, bar beet, is sold, only fed
to their own stock and they buy very little of foreign
feeding stuff. Strange to say, and I am sure it would
surprise Mr. Haverty, it is in the tillage counties that
the Farmers' Union is strongest, and it is also in those
areas that the Farmer T. D's. are elected. The Farm
ers Union is weakest in the grazing counties and
representative of farmers elected from those counties.
I suppose Mr, Haverty is a big tillage farmer him
self. He would like everybody to think like him and
till like him, and everybody is a rotter who does not.
Then he speakes of compulsory tillage. I must remind
Mr. Haverty again that the farmers know their busi
ness just as well as himself, and if Mr. Maverty guar
antees a paying market for their produce let him not
be a bit afraid but the farmers are not as lazy as he
thinks. When and where there is a 1 pound to be made
they will make it. But if Mr. Haverty saw what I saw
he would hold his tongue about compulsory tillage. I
saw men and women crushing outside the com stores
begging the buyers to take their sample at any price
so as to get out of it, and not half the supply taken up,
with no money or stock or anything to feed it to; and
also potatoes thrown beside the ditches when they would
only get one pence per stone for them. They would not
pay the cartage. What would be the predicament of
the farmers in County Galway if they were compelled
to till half their land this year? It would be too seri
ous to dwell on. It only gives an eye-opener to the
farmers what is in store for them in the political camp
which they are asked to join for their own destruction.
Also it ought to make them realise the necessity of
having an Organisation of their own to safeguard them
selves from the wild ideas of Mr. Haverty and Co.
"He again asks why did the leaders of the Farmers'
Party openly canvass for the Government party at the
last election. For his and everybody's information I
say you can have any politics you like in the Farmers'
Union provided you stand by the agricultural interest
of the farmer and when the farmers put up a candidate
every member is expected to vote for him, and anyone
they choose after that. If no candidate is put up you
can support any party you think best. There is no rule
to bind you otherwise. I know men, as well, who sup
ported Fianna Fail openly in the last election and are
still in the Farmers' Union. He also states I denounced
Mr. Hogan's gratuity granted by the County Council—
I did and justly so-but every members of the Farmers'
Party m the Council voted for it. But I said in my
statement—which he does not give me credit for—that
the Farmers' Party who had the spending of the farm
ers money in their hands saw that Mr. Hogan had the
law on his side and it would be only a waste of more
money to contest it. Therefore I approved of their ac
tion. He says the farmers would not touch the Farm
ers' Union with a 40ft. pole. It shows how little he
knows. For his information I may say since I came in
to the county 1,500 farmers and more have joined the
Union. I will be in his parish soon and I promise him
1 will start a branch there, and I hope to see him there
so that he will show me through his tillage farm.
"All farmers present decided to restart the branch
and to have one committee for both Clarenbridge and
Roveagh. The following collectors were appointed: Ro
veagh; Messrs. J. Lane, Ed. Connors, L. Niland, Thos.
Kilkelly, M. Murphy, P. Forde.' Clarenbridge:
Garvey, Mr. Nestor and Mr. Niland."
By Scott Nearing, Federated Press
Poor duffers! Wait till they wake
up! They have
b«sn dreaming a grand and glorious dream,
alarm is already sounding, however. They must
back to earth—and such an earth!
They are the Rotarians, Kiwanians, Babbitts, the mul
titude of small scale, uninformed, misguided American
business men, who have been whooping it up during
these last few years, and denouncing or lynching those
who did not whoop it up with them.
Whooping it up for what? For America, of course!
For the greatest, richest, most prosperous! For God's
own country.
Here is a case in point. One of the "best" industries
in recent years has been rubber. It was a new indus
trv It PvnnnHoH of « »
V; Vf P f dCd at a i pr0dl *> 0 " ra * e - ü made a few
nch and led many to hope that they, too, might make
their pile in the business.
Now comes a wail from Lincoln C. Andrews, former
xTdi^rr' wV trea r 5 - department -
r . general of the newly former Rubbey
: T , your present lot," Andrews
rn the presence of modern
competition between
Whooping it up is an art that keeps the whooper
busy—so busy that he is not always just sure what he
is whooping about. Arte the tens of thousands of Ro
tarians, all over the country, sure what they are whoop
ing about ?
There seems to be no alternative to the continuance
of present unsatisfactory conditions, to the 'profitless
prosperity' that seems to be
mass production,
groups and even between indus
tries, hand to mouth buying, and modrn facilities for
ransportation, banking and communication, the
time competitor standing alone and without adequate
hi'm P !f ^ Pt info f rnatl0n as t0 hi s own trade data finds
him.elf driven to destructive competition and other
desperate measures in order to keep his business going.
H must seek some form of relief."
What shall this relief be? Andrews
To promote in the industry a mutual confidence and
high standard of business ethics; to eliminate trade
abuses; to promote sound economic business customs
practices; to foster wholesome competition; to pro
vide ultimately for individual efficient business man
agement operating independently an opportunity to do
business with an adequate return, and thus generally
t0 ^ r0tr ?,° te the service of the industry to the public
Evidently Andrews has been to Sunday school
the Rotary Club.
Who are these worthy American citizens who pro
pose to "promote the service of the industry to the pub
lic welfare as representatives of 41 rubber manufac
turmg concerns? H. S. Firestone of the Firestone Tire
Rubber Co ; P. W. Litchfield, Goodyear Tire & Rub
ber Co Î C. B. Seger of the U. S. Rubber Co.; J. D
dTm Ï Goodn l ch Rubber Co -; A. F. Townsend of
w . M " n Rubber Mf S Co.; F. C. Hood of the
m™ < ? f R î ber ^ and more - Leading rubber
r" er T the y nited states have just f °™ d
£ T ° C ° nCeal lts real character they have
facta in the 6 Inc ' ***** to hide the
Ïev a sure th a r' T T* ^ stateme ^ in which
• assure the people that their
public welfare.
or to
object is service and
Turn a page of the same
ures increase in May.
Business fail
17 , Q . , During the month there
1/48 insolvencies in the United States making
for the first 5 months of 1928 of 9483 failures
Failures for May, 1928 were 4.5% greater than fail
109 - 0 r ^ Pnl and 8% greater than failures for May,
rwV n . r '°V hat thG Iiabilities failed concerns
°f the concerns failing the first 6 months
, iooc° eSS m May ' 1928 ' than to May 1927, ana
of 1928 were 30% less than liabilities of the firms fail
ing the first 5 months of 1927. In other words, the lit
tle man is getting hit!
are being ra P idl y concentrated
n the hands of big concerns with virtual monopolies
and enormous profits. The unorganized farmer the
rn"s,The Cr and 1116 Un ° rganiZed Petty business
pay the bill.
Could anyone except a Rotarian fail to
going on in the business world?
cleaning up. The little boys
the rate of 1700
a total
masses of the American people must
see what is
The big boys
are going to the wall at
a month.
Several delegates attending
State Convention Monday
from long distances
we had
the Progressive Farmers
and Tuesday of this week
graveled uTl* hear< * Ï remark: "Now if
not be long " Others a aj -' ° Ur Journey home would
at the present the remarks "id that
before we Tel m ° S ' ° f us wil1 *ad
Scobey. B« th"a^Ä/r BainVi,le to
the 3-cent tax on gasoline for .n! ^ WGre paying
were getting, hut had £
money being expS o n the^olds inTh ° f
south central parts of the state. ^ Western and
It is at times like this who-n _
are gathered from long distances Lh"''*'? ° f 5601,16
home in the darkness that the '•good ^7™* f0r
becomes a subject of much important
should not be let drop after these
stant agitation kept
becomes something
The matter
_ 0ccas I° n » but a con
up until the Bain ville- Scobey road
more than a myth.
Boonomîc Articles
By Leland Olds, Federated Press
Farmers Consume More Wheat
In Russia
Freedom of the Russian farmer
from the old landlord domination,
achieved by the revolution, is a boon
^e -American farmer. The Russian
^X^whkh hTp^uce^ and £>250,
million to 375 million bushels of wheat
have been removed from the world
market. Before the revolution this
huge Russian export surplus helped
to depress the price the American
farmer received."
This is apparent from a statement
by Joseph Stalin, Soviet chief, as re
ported by Walter Duranty in the New
York Times. A similar change has oc
curred in ome parts of central Eurone.
Wherever the upheavel following the
war removed a parasitical upper class
the food producers can now enjoy the
food which they produce. They need
not starve in the midst of plenty.
"Before the war," writes Duranty,
"one-half of the annual production
came from the big estates of the rich
peasants. Two-fifths of this was sur
plus available for urban needs and ex
port. The remaining half was pro
duced by the rest of the peasants who
consumed seven-eighths of their crop
themselves. Now the big estates and
the rich peasants produce only one
eighth of the total, the remaining 7-8
Dollar Sinks Talons Deeper
Into Canada
The strengthening of the investment
chains holding Canada to the Ameri
can financial empire is shown in a U.
S. department of commerce report en
titled The American-Canadian Finan
cial Frontier. The title is misleading
for the figures indicate that any fron
tier has been all but eliminated so far
as the investment bankers are con
cerned. • - ...
The total investment of U. S. cap
ital in Canada now exceeds that of all
other nations combined, including
Great Britain. This is a great change
s i nce 1914 when British investment in
£f n , ada exceeded } hat 9 f the United
States more than four times over.
The preliminary estimate of the Fi
nancial Post Year Book of Canadian
business for 1928 places the total of
owned in
Ȋs rt&t
terval British investment in aCnada
has increased from $1,800,000,000 to
$2,100,000,000. Investment of other
countries in Canada was $139,000,000
in 1914 and $236,000,000 in 1928. The
share of the United States in the to
Washington—(FP)—C. C. Wu, for
mer mayor of Canton, former foreign
minister of the Nanking government,
now receives a daily procession of
callers at his comfortable suite in the
Wardman Park hotel in Washington,
and mildly rebukes the American gov
ernment for its failure to make good
its pledge of Chinese independence
and sovereignty, as solemnly set
forth in the Washington Nine Power
Treaty of 1922.
While Chang Tso-Lin and his Man
chu forces have been driven out of
northern China, and the Nationalist
government has become master of
Tientsin and Peking, the importance
of Dr. Wu has risen. He is unoffi
cial minister from China to Washing
ton. Tomorrow he may claim recog
nition as the official envoy. He has
seen and talked with Secretary Kel
logg, and now both sides have settled
down to a waiting game. Kellogg
waits to see whether the Nationalists,
by internal quarrels, will not give him
excuse for postponing recognition
of the government at Nanking,
waits to see how far the Chinese na
tional boycott of Japanese goods must
proceed before the United States will
su £gest to Japan that the Japanese
are violating Chinese sovereignty in
Manchuria. Recognition of Nanking*
is not very important to China's new
envoy just now; putting the State
Department on record as to Manchu
ria is the important thing.
♦ * * *
When asked whether the Nanking
government proposes to adopt a mod
eni labor code, relieving Chinese
workers from the terrible exploitation
they now suffer at the hands of for
eign and native capitalists alike, Wu
was cautious. He agreed that the
•Nationalist program was officially one
oi social reforms, especially as to
the condition of the masses of work
ers. However, he said China's great
industrial resource is her cheap labor;
with this she must compete with the
modern machinery of western nations.
f>o, if the Chinese are to survive, in
the economic field, they must not
make such extreme changes in hours
and wages of labor as to destroy their
Here speaks the rich merchant and
manufacturer class of central and
+v U ^xr rn Chum that seized control of
the Nationalist armies and the Kuo
mintang party last yera by means of
the military coup of Chiang Kai-shek
Before that time the armies and the
party were instruments of a great
wave of sentiment for industrial and
social revolution. Millions of work
ers were organized into labor unions,
and they became the best volunteer
fighters in the revolutionary advance
northward. Wu the radical became Wu
the conservative. But now that the
whole of China has come under Na
tionalist sway the demands of the
workers are again being heard, so
that Wu may once more be found
stepping over to the standard of So
cial unrest.
This Chinese working-class problem
becomes the more interesting to Am
erican workers because of the swift
approach of labor warfare in Germany
and its probable echoes throughout
central Europe and the Balkans. Ger
many's business men have been
squeezing the very life-blood out of
the factory-hands, railroaders, miners
and general laborer® for the past ten
coming from the peasants who, as be
fore the war, consume almost all of
their product.
"Of Russia's 125 million peasants
100 million before the war were so
poor that they lived literally from
hand to mouth. Then they were ra
tioned down to one-half of the annual
grain production and in a good year
they existed miserably and in a bad
year they starved. Now instead of,
half they get six-sevenths of the crop,
This may help to explain why the
peasants, though grumbling like farm
ers everywhere over the low priced
grain and high priced goods, will sup
port the soviet regime to the death
if need be."
The steadily improving postiion of
the Russian working class also means
increased domestic consumption of
Russian grain. Purchasing power is
placed where it does the most good.
Thus the ability of Russian producers
to enjoy a more adequate share of
their products is the real explanation
of the partial elimination of Russian
wheat exports from the world market.
When producers the world over secure
the right to consume the bulk of what
they produce the problem of protec
tion against cut-throat competition on
a world scale will be eliminated.
tal foreign investment in Canada in
creased from 17% in 1914 to 56% in
Between 1914 and 1928 U. S. invest
ors put $498,255,000 into Canadian
railway companies, $346,769,450 into
the Candian paper industry and $191,
669,500 into Canadian public utilities.
There also were investments on a
smaller scale in banking and credit,
steamship companies, harbors and
docks, grain elevators, iron and steel,
industrial machinery companies, chain
stores, mining and smelting, lumber,
hotels, oil companies, automobile com
panies, tobacco companies, textile com
panies, etc.
The department remarks on the ex
tent to which American investors are
represented on the directorates of
Canadian corporations and Canadian
investors on the boards of corpora
tions in the United State?. It also
notes that in 1928 Canadian 'nvestors
hold $772,200,000 of Ameâoan securi
ties. Altogether the figures afford a
striking picture of the close affiliation
of Canada to the financial system
which centers in Wall Stieer.
Now the elections have been.
fought and won on the issue of the
right of the German workers to live.
Even S. Parker Gilbert, boss of repar
Sc dan ^5
=— 'r—
Chandler—the car
that made Pikes Peak famous
Here's Power
Here's Beauty—Here's Luxury
Here's Westinghouse Brakes
Here's "One Shot" Chassis Lubrication
Kollman Implement Company
ation payments, admits that they are
pitifully underpaid, and that prices
are too high. The new government,
when it gets into action, must help the
labor unions to raise the wage level
and to reduce prices,
ance benefits will be increased, in
cluding unemployment doles,
what is done under Communist and
Socialist pressure in Germany this
year will profoundly affect the tem
per and demands of the workers in
Poland, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hun
gary, Rumania, and even in terrorized
Chinese cheap labor will remain
cheap as long as labor in India re
mains cheap, and as long as Japanese
labor is cheap, becuse Chinese accumu
lation of capital for the purchase of
modem machinery is bound to be very
slow. Yet every rise in wages in Ger
many will create new discontent in
China. That fact worries the diplomats
of all the powers. They dislike to
talk about it.
Social insur
One way to be certain of success
with omelets is to add a tiny bit of
baking powder to the eggs when whip
ping them.
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(A 8 i
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pï .
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A. c
■i- r
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Hie telephone measures distance in
minutes—not miles. Your trip may
carry you across the Atlantic, but
even then there need be no hesi
tancy or worry about the stress of
affairs at home for "Long Dis.
tance" reaches beyond our borders
across the sea.
States alone, the Bell system in
cludes 18,500,000 telephones. You
can talk from practically any point
to any other.
Vacation plans are in order—
dreams of leisurely days in the
mountains—golf, swimming, riding,
—and relaxation. Perhaps you
would rather not include a tele
phone in your mental picture, but it
is reassuring to know that when
you are ready to leave there is al
most certain to be a telephone at
your destination, with "Long Dis*
tance" at your immediate service
In the United
'•'L 1
The Mountain States Telephone & Telegraph Co.
!' 5 ' '928
Salt strewn
aitus beds will mW»
serve as a fertilizer
as Pa>. I
*eed s
T0 p »licof*
assistant. Ethel p
was s e „, mak| ,o .! Q*
Dakotans" hold
positions in many coum."!° nSlblî
ty, w tC u and80Vern " ,e n' t « I
^''''-""obtainable I
*' ollow «!>• «ucceSSIul'JS I
summer term July 2-9 w- 7*
Watkins, Pres. 806 FrontSb^l*

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