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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, September 07, 1928, Image 2

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Paper of the people, by the people, for the people
By Peoples Publishing Company, Publishers
CONTINUING—The Outlook Promoter, The Out
look Optimist, The Dooley Sun, The Antelope In
dependent, The Sheridan County News, The Pio
Press and the Sheridan County Farmer.
CHARLES E. TAYLOR, Editor an»J Manager
At this time of the year many papers put on vigor
and offer huge prizes to induce girls to
This is an old
ous campaigns
solicit subscriptions for their paper,
time method of boosting weak subscription lists or cov
ering a new territory. In the race to win the prizes
offered the candidates often persuade th unwary person
solicited to subscribe for a paper they neither are in
terested in nor care about but wish to help the candi
date win the high honors.
There are, at this time in Sheridan county, two in
dividual contests being staged; one by the farmers' pa
per, and one by the paper recently purchasd by Mr.
Polk of Williston.
Both of these papers are published in Plentywood,
stands for the farmers' interests and the other
stands for private gain and supports those who are
fighting the farmers movement.
The Producers News has a circulation of 3,000 at the
present time, which speaks well for the popularity of
Another thing to be remembered is that
the Producers News is owned by 600 farmers. That
the money you send into this paper is spent right here
in Sheridan county and does not go to a publisher who
There is no reason why the
this paper.
lives in another state,
farmers' paper should not stand up for the farmers'
interests at all times, and with the board of directors
made up entirely of farmers, that policy is assured
during the existence «f the Producers News. At the
time the Producers News belives in a square deal
for all and the small business man is just as worthy
of protection from the big interests who are slowly
throttling him as are all other producers. But in look
ing at the other side »f the publicity which might be
received in your home the coming year, you are first
getting a paper published by a private enterprise for
profit. His interests are in direct connection with the
men who are looking for private profit like himself.
The county is filled with men who are always cast
ing greedy eyes on the county treasury figuring out
some means by which they can get their fingers into
the golden coffers. These men naturally have to line up
with some one in the newspaper business to put men
across that they can reach by their influence.
Already this can be seen in the offing. While the
— of rworlp pTjy great PO"
x icfrfCj w wil ilèTalU hftto T
litical splurges, everyone knows where it stands and its
attack on Taylor and Salisbury has already put its
brand on that paper as a catspaw for the old gang, that
has always fought the farmers' movement.
If the farmers and taxpayers wish to give up their
mouthpiece and go back to the old days when the|
knew nothing of the affairs going on over the county
they can do so by assisting the opposition in this cam»
paign by subscribing for their organ and refusing t4
again subscribe for the Producers News.
But the residents of Sheridan county do not want
this to happen. They went through the mill once and
they have had a taste of publicity that has put them
wise to county and state government, and they will nev
er go back to olden times when the selfish interest of
a few people ruled this county and the gang that ruled
also saw to it that they received only the publicity
X nr .
they wanted them to have, until the treasury of the
county had shrunk to worse than nothing through the
drains made upon it by the gang in power, when the
farmers and workers rose up and with their paper,
broke up the ring and have been gradually reducing the
indebtedness ever since.
Farmers and workers support your paper. You may
be sure the opposition will support theirs.
In the effort to prevent organization the General
Motors Corporation has insured all its employees. The
plan provides a $2,000 life insurance policy for each
employee and $15 a week sickness and accident insur
ance benefits.
There are 200,000 workers employed by General Mo
tors and the insurance will cost the company 5 cents a
day for each worker.
If the General Motors employees believe they are re
ceiving a gift from the company, comparison of their
wages and conditions with what they would be if Gen
eral Motors was strongly organized will prove quite
the opposite.
Workers who trade the right to organize for the life
and accident insurance are as foolish as the Indians
who traded their vast domains for strings of glass
Insurance is a splendid thing, but the worker who is
fairly paid is in a position to buy his own insurance
without sacrificing his independence. In fact insurance
bought by the individual worker increases the inde
pendence of himself and family. When that insurance
is paid for by the employer is makes the worker more
dependent. ~~
The rate at which the Metropolitan Insurance Com
pany has written this insurance for General Motors is
a very low one. This very fact may result in the pub
lic inquiring, "if a private insurance company can in
sure 200,000 workers at this rate how cheaply could
the government insure all workers?"
Trade unions have their own insurance compapy fur
nishing group insurance at very reasonable rates. In
suring in this company gives not only protection, but
added independence to the individual and greater
strength to organized labor.
Too much of the money paid to private insurance
companies in one way or another comes to be used to
impede the advance of organized labor.
Anything so necessary as insurance should rightly
be made one of the functions of government. Insur
ance should not be permitted to be used to rob workers
of their economic freedom. This is usually what hap
pens when great corporations like General Motors
furnish insurance for their employees.
The General Motors company is buying this insur
ance at an exceedingly low rate. The employees will
find that for them it will probably be the most
pensive Insurance ever writen. In reality these work
ers will find that the insurance plan insures that they
will continue to receive the infamously low wages they
are now obtaining and continue to work under the in
human speed-up conditions now existing at the General
Motors plant.
the county fair
Plentywood this
to be the biggest event
Sheridan County. Each and 1 £
The Sheridan County Fair held in
year October 10 to 12 promises
of its kind ever held in
help to make it a bigger and better
The stock
every citizen can
Fair by placing exhibits or by attending,
demonstration train will be an extra drawing caid
bred animals will be
of all raisers of stock either
and many ideas regarding pure
gained by the presence
for the market or for breeding purposes.
charge expects your co-operation.
, tal
Do not
ri n ,, r hundred and sixty-three thousand men, work
Four hundred and y enough
ing for $2,000 a year each, earn in a year jusi * s
tn nav the interest on our national debt says a status- L
to pay me inter
tlcian * . ,
That tells the real story of the cost oi war.
A war debt doesn't mean much, expressed in long a
A war deot does labor
money figures. Translated into te
its evil is clearly seen. Human labor is the only rea
It pays for every war, long after the cannons
. , . . j . 1
rustea mto dust. |
. , , . f over I
Competition for the dollar in the pocket ot me aver
age man makes advertising an indispensable element
ot successful business. It is not merely the competition
between Smith's and Brown's grocery storeso,'betw
Ford and Chevrolet; it is the grocers against the au
tomobile dealers and both of them against the thous
ands of others who are after the same dollar.
Business today is in the most gigantic competition
The various trades are studying
The com
mittee in
fail them.
it has ever known,
the consumer with intensity, and in detail. They are
seeking to discover his needs, to satisfy his wants, and
to arouse his desires. Each industry is after a larger
share of the consumer's dollar. Advertising is vital
to a successful quest.
Modern business has launched many
search of the* golden fleece of public patronage and
profit; and advertising is the oar the steersman has to
use. Without judicious and intelligent advertising, the
broad stream of modem business would shrivel to puny
thinness. Attractive, consistent, honest advertising is
an indespensable adjunct of successful presentation of
meritorious services and industries today.
argosies in
There is something genuinely appropriate in the fact
that the repository for the official documents of the
imperialist Kellogg Paca is in the capital of the country
w h#vra Viai-p thp wori' 4 '* o»nM supply is—the United
Stated ^5' ..lUhy bourgeois newspapers in European
countries already interpreting the Kellogg maneuver
as one which takes the wind out 0 f the sails of the
League of Nations, tending to transfer from Great
Britain to the United States the leading role in the
imperialist struggle for world domination.
Kellogg's trip to Ireland on a United States warship
immediately after signing the Pact is explained by his
longing to play on the "beautiful golf grounds" of the
American legation at Dublin and his wife's deatre to
visit a lady friend there, but diplomacy is not such a
game as can be explained with such Gopher Prairie
motives. The formalities of visits on warships by
heads of departments of state to heads of foreign
states are invariably taken seriously in capitalist dip
lomacy. When the U. S. warship Detroit takes Kel
logg to Ireland without touching at an English port
we do not suddenly lose our memory for the fact that
the antagonism of English and American imperialism
is the pivot around which all the contradictions within
the capitalist world revolve at the present time.
The lead is forced out of the hands of England and
into the hands of the Wall Street clerk in the White
House. Not that England is paid nothing in the deal.
She is given, what will be called in the coming world
war, a legal sanction for military action to carry
through her imperialist program as against the Union
of Socialist Soviet Republics and in a certain field of
colonial depredations.
So is France given concessions
as represented by the French reservations. But the
hegemony is taken into the hands of Wall Street gov
The Kellogg Pact altogether marks a sharp push
x- . ., , , " , ,, «
forward in the development of the world situation of
alignment and intrigue for war. (That is the only
sense in which it is a "forward step.")
Several capitalist correspondents have pointed out
that it is absolutely certain that all nations of the
world will be involved in the next war. The fact that
a larger number of governments have signed the Kei
logg Pact than signed the League of Nations covenant
is only another expression of such a situation. There
is no doubt that the central point of the international
relations of the whole world is the policy of the imper
iahst nations of encircling the Union of Socialist Soviet
Republics. A series of treaties establishing alliances
for hostile action against the Union of Socialist Soviet
Republics, is the central point iof what is called the
"status quo" in international relations. Bear this in
mind when thinking of Kellogg's assurances to France
and England that there is no inconsistency" between
the Kellogg Pact and previously existing treaties. Re
member that the Pact just signed at Paris is qualified
by a preamble declaring its purpose to perpetuate the
"exislin^ relations I*t T „ nations.
Then take a look at Kellogg « letter to the 48 na
lions (running from Albania to Venezuela hut exclud
ing the Soviet Union) conveying the ivitation to sign
the already fixed terms of the Pact. Kellogg explains,
perhaps more clearly than he intended, the reason why
the 15 governments exclusively were picked as Privileg
ari __ ... „ , ^ P
ed to form the terms of the Pact and to be the original
signatories. The choice of the same nations that sign
ed the imperialist treaty of Locarno is explained
part by Kellogg's letter which says:
"• • • it also settled satisfactorily the ques
tion whether there was any inconsistency be
tween the new treaty and the treaty of Locar
no, thus meeting the observations of the
French government as to the necessity of ex
tending the number of original signatories."
Unless one is so naive as to think the Locarno treaty
was not a part of the imperialist war maneuvers of
recent past, Kellogg's own words written just before
sailing on the warship to visit his lady friends in
lin are convincing. The "peace" pact is a step in
preparations for imperialist war.
The necessity of defense of the Union .
Soviet Republics by the working class and
farmers of all countries becomes by these
living reality greater than ever before.
of Socialist
Economic Articles
By Leland Olds, Federated Press
Industrial Warfare is Permanent
In America
The constant friction between capi
tal and labor under the wage system
reflected not only in big strikes
but in countless minor engagements
reported to the U. S. department of
labor conciliation service. .
On Aug. 18 Kirector Kerwm of the
conciliation service renprts, there were
44 strikes before the department for
settlement. Sixteen^,other controver
Lies had not reached the strike stage.
"Eight pressers and cutters were on
tld ke a g a inst the Wilson Shirt Co.
New Y:0 rk City because of work
sent to non-union shops. The B® d *
ford ghirt Laundry of tf e w York had
a strike qf_8 jroners while the Green
point Shirt Laundry faced a strike of
g laundry workers. In both cases the
demand was f or union recognition and
a s ig n ed agreement. In Newark, N.
T 92 widow washers were on strike
£ » extra holiday with pay.
Proceeding west we find 360 min
ers on s^i'ie at Dupon. Pa. At Can
ton, Ohio 500 shippers and grinders
struck against the Central Alloy Steel
Corp struck against a wage
cut aTld demanded $6 for an 8-hour
day and recognition of the mil c °™
Andmson, 1^100 £*
increase of $10.
. There were 400 building trades
workers on strike at the Grand Union
Slot Puts Clerk in Street !
Coin in
Cashiers, sales clerks and depart
ment store employees, watch out!
The robots are coming to drive you
out of your jobs as they have driven
thousands of factory employees into
the street. They are the perfect ser
vants of capitalism—they don't or
ganize, they don't demand shorter
hours and more pay, they don't de
mand social legislation, they mèan in
creased profits.
The robot invasion of the field of
distribution began yeans ago with the
penny-in-the-slot machine for selling
„um'and candy. But this was unpre
fenTious compared with the movement
forecast in a circular from F. J. Lis
man & Co. Lisman offers the in
vesting class shares of common and
preferred stock in the Consolidated
Automatic Merchandising Corpora
tion "Cameo" as it is nicknamed by j
Sb promoters.
There has beer, unusual public in
terest," says Lisman "in the an
nouncement that robots are ^work^
all Schulte-United S • V
making decision to.establish automat
ic divisions in all Ihen department
stores has been m ? 1 d v , e " d r a „ " liSt
has been closed with the Uonsolid
ed Automatic Merchandising Co P ■
tion to equip the stores with Taltoig
Merchandising Machines
and Changes Making Machines,
decision marks the first application
of the automa tic jn erchandising prin
ciple tp a natioDWlrtr chain of depart
ment stores."
Cut-Rate Wheat
Flour at the lowest price, in recent
southwestern wheat
years. New crop
flour nearly $1 a barrel under a year
Bakers and flour distributors
ago. _ .. x x x
buying record quantities at cut rates.
This market news doesn't get
It is too significant
the head lines. .
of the failure of capitalist politicians
to give a fair deal to the food produc
To the wage earner in the industri
al centers this may mean cheaper
food during the coming year. But to
the farmer it means that wheat is
selling below cost of production. The
last three months wheat prices have
dropped 50 cents a bushel.
Commenting on this situation Pkfs.
B. J. Rothwell of the Bay State Mill
ing Co., of Winona, Minn.^ says: 'The
whole world realizes that wheat is
now selling below its average cost ot
production . We are likely to wake up
some morning to the fact that foreign
operators have quietly bought futures
heavily and are calling for delivery
wheat. It is now the cheapest
has com to buy without delay."
The farmer is getting 70 to 90 cents
a bushel for wheat that costs an av
erage of $1.18 a bushel to produce,
The bureau of agricultural econom
^ Cs ^ e . department of agriculture,
the 1924 harvest. Attributing this to
the large supply of wheat on hand, 1
the bureau says:
"Taking into account the old crop
w ^ ea ^ remaining on the farms and in
^ aan . els e J 1 ? ia ^ ed I
f or the 1928-29 season is approxi
mately 1,008,242,000 bushels. This is
about 25,500,000 bushels in excess of
season>s estimated supply from
Canada is produeing a huge export j
surplus while the leading Euroyean
countries are harvesting a slightly
lar S er wheat crop than a year ago.
America is drawing near, the end
f- y® ars " which the dominant cap
italist political party has been in con
trol. In that period the grain farmer
has not come nearer to controlling
in his product or its price in the world
market. All the talk of farm relief
has been brought to nothing by the
New York, Aug. 24.—The rear car
of a subway train was derailed under
Times Square at the height of the aft
ernoon rush hour today and police re
ported that about 50 persons were in
jured . Ambulances, fire department!
wrecking crews and police emergency
squads were rushed to the scene.
On the strength of reports from po
lice at the scene police headquarters
ordered all reserves in Manhattan to
Times Square and sent out orders for
every ambulance in the city to report
for emergency service.
building, Fort
Department Store
Wayne, Ind., demanding recognition
and a signed agreement. In Sacra
mento 40 building tradesmen struck
aginst the SÄell Oil Co., for the clos
ed shop. In Los Angeles 245 carpen
ters were on strike against a cut from
$8 to $7 a day.
These are typical of the strikes in
A str ike of 1600 miners at Pi Us
burgh> p a ., over the question of dues
was compromised. Musicians asking
the Chicago Orchestra Association
$90 a week for the coming
took a 3. year contract providing $84
tbe f j rst year, $87 the second and $90
the third . sixty carpenters at River
g j de Calif., won the prevailing $8 a
Other adjustments reported include
the settlement of a strike of 2,000
barbers employed by 800 shops _ in
The issue was non-union
New York,
Most of the strikes sound insignifi
cant. But underlying all of them is
chronic dissatisfaction with labor's
status in the economic order.
This is not necessarily recognized
by the strikers but it is none the less
a part of the constant pressure which
is working for the modification
m ,
The attack 0I * ? J , back .
clerks is to be onJ* r K® * c . e
ed by Wall United Inc '
Lisman say 8 - Schulte-United inc.
contempiates establishing up ^
department stores of the 5c * l D
nety. It is estimatedl that the total
aato ™ at *® equl .P m 1 ^ frAm t o
than 50,000 units, ranging f 0
100 units P er store. J^enty-f
the ? e sto £; s wdl be ready by i hanks
pvmg. and
ly sold include candies, groceries d
toilet articles. agminate
Cameo was established t
the automatic merchandising field. It
conBohdates the G."gjentog
which distributes Wngley an e
Saver products and °P r ' 0
automatic scales; Autom
chandising Corp which controls the
latest selling automaton,
tary Fostage Bervice ^rp ; the Sher
^: veaF fiX .
provides for 100,000
g atterieg 1 (10 mits each) of automatic
merchandisincr and change machines,
me ç wd h ? fcales , 99.0Ü0 sani
■ sta machines and 250,€00
gum and life saver vending machines.
;„ man c u e p the estimate of Di
, Julius Klein of the U S bureau
"/^^"^'^"„Xu commerce
^"uatei dSbutTon means an
annual waste of 8 billion dollars,
Where the displaced workers will find
jobs when the .«t»».«. ... •
swing does not v. r orry Lisman.
silent determination of capitalist oli
garchy that agriculture shall not free
itself from the bonds of exploitation
which hold the capitalist system to
ï 'I
— -
We'll leave it to you —just look
the body designs of the other
new cars, then look at the
Nash "400" Salon design. The
eyes" will be for Nash.
NASH 400
Leads ike World in Motor Car Value
Twin IgoMoo motor
tt Afcerah typo Bpaali pftaji
•Boy pit to*»
BUotrle «kok*
Maw doubla drop ht na
The Farmer's Garage
M. E. HILL, Prop.
... .
By Laurence Todd, Federated Press
Washington.—Certain "very gravel
defects" and "very menacfcig feat
ures" of the American industrial sys
tem^rom the standpoint of the wage
working class, are frankly pointed out
by Dr. John A. Ryan, director of the|
social action department of the Natl,
Catholic Welfare Conference, in a
statement he has issued in advance of
Labor Day for consideration of wage
workers and employers alike. Feuct
alism, he says, is growing in industry,
Wages are inadequate. Employment
is insecure. Workers have no real
voice in management of the tools with
which they toil. Ninety per cent of i
Americans must live and die in the
wage working class. Labor unionism
is weak and has ceased to grow,
Company unionism is expanding.
Father Ryan, known as the first in
fluential sponsor of minimum wage
legislation in this country, notes
strikes have become relatively infre
quent, class feeling has apparently
diminished and 'socialism, which a few
troubled us so greatly, has
Yet he finds
years ago
all but disappeared.'
the outlook for American workers
anything but. reassuring.
Taking up wages first, he says that
all competent authorities pre agreed
that $1,500 a year is the minimum in
which a husband, wife and
three children may be supported in
this country. He condemns the smug
ness of persons who calmly assume
that "these underpaid workers are
somehow made of different clay and
therefore can readily get along with
less than the normal requisites of
! ployment remains a great evil, which
1 should be met by a universal high
. wage to restore the purchasing pow
e r of the masses. He demands m
' durance, also, against both unemploy
men£ ard sickness and old age .
come on
He then declares that unem
But the heart of the problem, says
D r. Ryan, is the status qf the work
er himgelf The tradition that any
one could, if he wished * ri?e from the
rankg to the maternent or owner
ship of a business, he challenges as
^ Qutworn theory « Honest and re .
alif ^ ic students of our industrial con
ditions » be says> "know that proba
bly ninety per cent of those who be
g j n j.f e gg em pi ovees will e nd it oc
* upyinR the same status. This is a
necessary outcome of our indutsrial I
orgaTdzat i OT1 w ith its large, costly and
relatively few business concerns, out
side of agricu lture. Hence, our indus
^ ?y?tem is divided into t wo class
small group which performs all
^ fuT1ctiona of owne rship. control
and dlrçrtiop, and a very large-groun
wWch neither owns c0T1tr0,s ' but
... ^ # .
• New Scobey Minister
Scobey, Aug. 22.-The Rev. Ru
dolph Simonson and his family have
arrived here by motor and have taken
up their residence in the Lutheran
Paronsagc The Rev. Mr Simonson
is filling the place vacated more than
a ye ar ago by the retirement of the
bPran ûf
Zllon i-iUtneran enuren.
A telephone girl is discovered who
is said not to have given a wrong
number in 25 years of service. Per
haps the line was always busy.
Premier Mussolini says that women
change their minds frequently. We
hope the Premier doesn't think he has
discovered a new truth.
performs subordinate tasks und?
direction of others." r
This class system does not „i
Dr. Ryan. He finds that it e\vl
workers little i nterest in th J lves
prevents the development of theîr S>
a tive and directive faculties and Cre '
them of human dignity. This
"industrial feudalism," he dec!
must be remedied by the sharing 8 *
the workers in actual manage™
an d j n profits ,and finally in own*
ship. Ownership may be securà
through stock purchases or throuSl
collective enterprises—cooperative in
dustrial societies. He admits that th
i as t is more difficult, but it is not
impossible to groups of workers *
have resolution, energy, altruism
Trade unionism, however, is his im
that.mediate and chief recommendation for
safeguarding the status of the worker
Company unions are useless to the
worker so long as they remain under
employer control. "No amount 0 f
employer benevolence, no diffusion of
a sympathetic attitude on the part of
he public, no increase of beneficial
legislation," he concludes,
quately supply for the lack of
can ade
. . organ
ization among the workers them
This declaration, coming from the
j most liberal of American Catholic
clergy dealing with working class
problems, and timed for Labor Dar
discussion in a year when a Catholic
is running for the presidency of the
United States, has more than ordi
nar y relevance. Gov. Smith's mana
ger is Raskob, likewise a Catholic,
who has been the most conspicuous
of anti-union managers of giant in
dustry in this country since the

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