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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, May 03, 1929, Image 2

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THE PRODUCERS NEWS
Paper of the people, by the people, for the people
By Peoples Publishing Company, Publishers
CONTINUING—The Outlook Promoter, The Out
look Optimist, The Dooley Sun, The Antelope In
dependent, The Sheridan County News, The Pio
neer
Press and the Sheridan County Farmer.
CHARLES E. TAYLOR. Editor anti Manager
Friday, May 3, 1929
BASE BALL
The base ball season having opened, the Producers
News now presents and introduces the—
ANACONDA NINE
M. Standard
I. N. Dependent
A. Standard
G. A. Zette
Miss Hculian
S. Entinel
Bute D. Post
L. Enter-Pryse
Harold Wreckord
G. F. Tribuna •
Owner-Manager
Pitcher
Catcher
Short Stop
First Base
2nd Base
3rd Base
Left Field
. Center Field
Right Field
Bench
Umpire
Assistant Umpire Ouvenir Gerickson
Place of games—
Be-diamond Field, just-off-the-square
Every player in the Anaconda line-up is a high priced
star. The effect of their amazingly deceptive curves, is
not realized until after a session, and when the totals
are read on the score card.
It is a rare treat to witness an (t) errorless game
when the Anaconda stars perform on both sides of an
engagement, and the public is allowed to peep through
a knot-hole in the fence.
The copper-platers have a superb (mud) battery, the
pitcher and catcher-all needing no special introduction.
And Mr, Wreckord throw's a thrilling editorial curve.
The Anacondas will play any team West of the
Three-mile-limit. But for private reasons the owner
manager reserves privilege to change rules.
Bawls and Fowls shall count highest in the score; (2)
Strikes and Crimson uniforms, barred; (3) When play
ing against a nine picked from the general public, all
fowls shall be barred, and the pickees must use pen
holders or leadless lead pencils for bats; (4) The con
duct of umpires may be reviewed only by the Montana
Senate or House. With these modest reservations the
Anaconda's will meet all comers.
(1)
NOT FARMERS, BUT BANKERS
The State Bankers of Minnesota, facing the fact of
Chain banks, and the elimination of the independent
bankers, have hurried over to the legislature at St.
Paul and caused to be introduced, a bill, providing foi
the State Bank of Minnesota.
The proposed State Bank of Minnesota would be a
bankers' bank; that is it would loan money only to
bankers. It would be located in the Twin cities and
would be the clearing house of the member banks. The
capital stock of the Bank of Minnesota would be taken
by the member banks, the members taking stock equal
bo 5 per cent of the members' capital stock, thus pro
viding ample capital.
The member banks would carry its reserve in the
State Bank of Minnesota thus providing a loan capital
for the benefit of the members.
It is proposed that the state bank of Minnesota will
provide a sort of "Depositors' Insurance," by levying a
small tax on the capital and deposits of the member
banks, to be used to assist impaired banks. The bill
further provides for the protection of members by long
time Loans at a small extra rate say four per cent to
tide members over difficulties.
The above legislation is no "wild eyed" proposition
sponsored by dreamers and socialists. This paternalism
is sought by the small bankers—men who have so
howled down and ridiculed the program of the nonpar
tisan league.
What shall we see next?
I
The small country state banker sees his doom: he
now realizes what the dreamer, the visionist, has been
telling him is only too true. Now he would save him
self by the use of the power of the state.
Now if Mr. Banker would propose that the Bank of
Minnesota add a fire and life insurance department,
operating the Minnesota state fire insurance company,
and the Minnesota State Life Insurance Company,
along with its use as a state clearing house and depos
itory, it would provide available funds to be loaned to
the member banks in time of need, and prevent the
sending of that money to New York and London to be
borrowed back at usurious rates.
Some day our bankers and business
men may come
down out of the clouds long enough to get acquainted
with the earth.
I/et this good work go on.
BURLEY, CITIZEN OF WORLD
Poor old Burley is quite peevish over his deportation
experience. He thought that he was above the law
of the land and it did look as if in some way or other
he was privileged. But unfortunately Burley got in
bad with his neighbors and someone put in a complaint
which appears not only to have embarrassed _
iels county journalist but to have roiled him slightly
as well.
the Dan
Burley is somehow upset because the
News published the story of his misfortune, „„
ered his usual tirade against its editor—in which
he indulged his penchants for fiction and natural
malice.
Producers
and deliv
Editor Bowler, the foreign mentor
and political
dictator of the benighted county of Daniels takes pride
in the fact that he
came across the border with his
clothes on, inferring undoubtedly that others did
Well, it was fortunate that Burley took time to dress
before he left his old home in King George's domain on
that hot August morning in 1914 just as Downing
Street was dispatching those emphatic and final billets
to Kaiser Wilhelm-many of the boys who came over
with him, we understand, were only scantily clothed,
and that Burley and his compatriots avoided a port of
entp under the circumstances is not surprising and
quite natural.
• PrP iT" r !, marke<i that man y better men than
he h ave had trouble, about entry papers and we are
good natured enough to grant that that
Bible. And we also recall that quite
jw>d men in April, 1917, became
Mexico, and
about passports
these men,
not.
may be pos
a number of very
very interested in
we are advised that they did not bother
or ports of entry either.
Most of
we understand, however, had their clothes
crossing the
at least we have no recollection of any
on,
line without them. .
While Burley did not participate directly m
the folds of the Union
indirectly did
the late
unpleasantness under either
Jack or the Star Spangled banner, he
what he could for his native land by extending _
most unselfish and unstinted sympathy. After Ame a
become involved, Editor Bowler did his bit by bidding
the boys goodbye, selling Liberty bonds, and effectiv -
ly peddling propaganda calculated to arouse the p pe
fighting blood of the boys who went across.
Since the treaty of Versailles, the Scobey scribe has
done a great deal for the cause of his Majesty by way
of helping to shape American public opinion.
Burley besides doing others good has done consider
able good for himself since he left his native heath.
of the Daniels County Leader opines that
does not have much to be happy about and
were really
. • * * fnr as
sorry for the unfortunate emigrant of Scobey, tor a.
another sapient foreigner has said—a Chinaman if we
recall—"misery loves company." Being unhappy our
selves we have a fellow feeling for his Majesty's
selves, we na\e " " . , . , ,
object in this his hour of misfortune and humiliation.
Besides we do not hold it against Burley that he is
a sort of a man without a country, a citizen of the
world a*, it were We are a sort of an internationalist
woiio as ii • . . +n
ourselves and they do say birds of a fea
The editor
this editor
he tells some truth—for that reason we
gether.
Besides it seertis to be a law of life that one person's
misfortune is another one's gain, and while America
did not gain anything to brag about when Burley came
to us with his clothes on, one cannot help but rejoice
with King George because of what he got rid of.
PROHIBITION HAS FAILED
It is now conceded by practically all who are.given
to careful observation and study and are willing to ad
mit what is obvious, that the 18th Amendment as an
instrument for the promotion of temperance has failed:
that it is wrong in theory and a farce in practice: that
instead of accomplishing what was hoped for it by its
ardent and we say sincere advocates, it has nurtured
hypocricy, promoted lawlessness, inspired corruption,
bred crime, and stimulated intemperance: that in spite
of the loud contentions of the prohibition apologists, it
has had more than a fair trial. Time and experience
has proven beyond the question of a doubt, that the
more drastic the theory embraced for its enforcement,
the worse confusion is confounded—the more it be
comes evident that the remedy prescribed for the dis
ease of intemperance, not only is more harmful than
the malady, more harmful than intemperance itself,
but that prohibition in practice actually promotes in
temperance.
It is time that positive steps were being taken to
if not repeal the 18th Amendment, at least to revise
it to put the regulation of the liquor traffic in the
hands of congress wTiere it belongs.
That the people are wearying of the farce rapidly
is demonstrated by the fact that the people of Wiscon
sin in a referendum the other day voted overwhelming
ly to wipe the prohibition laws off from the statutes of
the Badger state, which was followed a few days later
by the introduction and passage of bills repealing them
all, and by the passing of acts thru the Illinois assem
bly the other day repealing the dry laws of that state.
Other states are rapidly falling into line.
The friends of temperance should organize at once
to put into effect a real temperance program, before
the public in disgust repeals the 18th amendment en
tirely and returned liquor traffic regulation back to
the several states with forty-eight varieties of ideas.
If the old saloon is not to return it is time that
something was being done.
V
CRIME COMMISSIONERS WILL MEET
There is an old story about Napoleon leading ten
thousand men up the hill and then leading them down
H *
a Sam.
It's an interesting and exciting story.
The adventures of the Montana Crime Commission
will probably parallel this experience of Napoleon. The
results of the toil of the sapient commissioners will no
doubt be of as much consequence.
The crime commission act passed by the Twenty-first
assembly was one of those joke acts that legislatures
will indulge in from time to time. Not a lawyer in the
Senate voted for it but all strenuously opposed it. How
ever the cowboys and sheepherders together with a few
reformers mustered just enough votes to put the thing
across.
The Montana Free Press editor made the following
sarcastic remarks about the crime commission and the
assemblymen that passed the measure a few days ago:
"The legislature of Montana is nothing if
not original. During its latest session it cre
ated a crime commission to study crime, crim
inal law, the prosecution of criminals, and kin
dred subjects, and to report to the next legis
lature recommendations for supplemental and
amendatory criminal statutes to make the sup
pression of crime in the Treasure state more
effective.
"The governor lately created the
sion by appointing its five members, and pre
sumably they will set about their duties short
ly. From the meager treasury of the state
the legislature appropriated $3,000 to meet the
expenses of the commission.
"Since the libraries of the country are filled
with the reports of state and national crime
commissions embalming exhaustive data
specting the subject under investigation gath
ered in other individual states and in the na
tion, the commission will be at the outset sup
plied with material for general conclusions
respecting crime, criminal law, prosecution of
criminals and all kindred features.
All that is left for original investigation
- re the particular phenomena which may ex
ist in the field of Montana and are unknown
elsewhere, if any. State prison statistics and
data from the board of pardons should supply
information relative to the number of crimes
committed over any period of years since the
state was organized, and actual and average
terms served for the same by all offenders.
An analysis of these facts should provide
basis for the conclusions of the
respecting punishments inflicted.
"Comparison with statistics from other
spates and the state of criminal affairs in the
S f? rie ' , to ^ e ' t " er with conclusions formed by
other temporary and permanent crime commis
sions, and recommendations they offered for
improvements, should enable the Montana
board to formulate and present to the next
Dooy of learned and sapient lawmakers of the
«£„i/r°ïï. me , ndations on the subject that
sftouw be the last word in criminology and fit
Afwdf 1 ?^ 1011 Ä mathematical precision.
le « isI * tor probably
fiai k l 1 hl L ln the 1 commendations and
the whole matter go into the discard.'
commis
re
a
commission
We feel that the Free Press Is maybe falling into
the popular pastime of periodicals of lampooning legis
latures an attitude that is not the least bit originS
ahW g * ?" COntempt for the crin >e commission is prob
M k if great " that of the ^ Press Editor.
Maybe the crime commission can provide a formula
K™/ effective as the fa ™us recipe for catch
away.
Is There 'Farm Prosperity Ahead?'
By 0. M. Stucker (and
Member of the Board of > Directors,,
North Dakota Division j
Written in answer to an editorial car
ried in this paper under date of April
12th, under the head, "Farm Prosperi
ty .Ahead." . . u
I sincerely hope there is agncultur
al prosperity ahead, and perhaps it
may be, but 1 do not believe us ap
pearance in the near future is sub
stantiated by many of the arguments
that are being introduced, nor do I
believe it will appear with any degree
of stability, until agriculture obtains
position that will enable it to con
trol its products and dispose of them
^ a pldce eq ua i to the cost of produc
^ on p j us a reason able margin of pro
fit. Many people contend that this
can never be done, and if it can not,
then mv heart bleeds tor the uixoorn
^ a / d daU g b ? e rs of other genera
tiong wbo will bave to till the soil,
j want to comment on a few re-,
marks from the article in question,
fullv realizing- that all who wish to
reason otherwise have a perfect right
to do so. I have only selected a few
lines, for if I could find space, I could
write a volume from the entire ar
ticle. In part he said:
a
"It was a number of years be
fore farming become profitable
AGAIN and farm lands commenc
ment there is some value attached to
the land, invites the homesteader to
ed to rise in value."
May I ask the question, when was
farming (as a whole) ever profitable,
with reference to a series of years?
To the average farmer, thiough a se
ries of years, Xarm'ng has always oecn
a losing game. This statement is sub
stantiated by the following illustra
tion, which is true of all agricultural
communities from the Atlantic to the
Pacific coasts.
A young man, possibly accompanied
by a wife, answers the inviting call of
the waving prairies and leaves the
congested districts of the east to hew
his fortune in the west. He settles
on a half section of land in its rich
est state of fertility, erects a struc
ture to break, away the winter's chill
ing blasts, and in the spring begins
to plant the seed and till the soil. He
follows this system until at the end
of a series of years, he finds his per
sonal credit exhausted, his money all
gone, and the financier from the east,
realizing that the homesteader now
has title to his homestead through re
linquishment or otherwise, and that
by reason of settlement and improve
take a loan on his land with which to
liquidate his personal obligations, i
This he does, and perhaps may have :
a small amount of the loan left with j
which to purchase a cow, a horse, a \
wagon, or many other things he needs
on his farm. In a series of years, he
finds himself in exactly the same con
dition, and nothing with which to li
quidate. #
At this time the financier realizes
that more improvements nave been
added to the country, mote settlers
hav ecome in, and while lie realizes i
there has been a loss to the producer,
he also realizes there has been an in- ;
crease in the value of the soil, and |
therefore says to the producer, rf y nij
will renew your mortgage, * will in
crease your loan. And so it has gone
on from one series of years to an
°fber, with land values inert.using ju c t
loss . e *' unt!l he has reached that
period, or senes of years, when t»ie|
land values Swill not increase, and
finds agriculture practically bankrupt.
The agricultural producer can r. 3 t ir.-'l
crease his loans further, and lorecios
ure is the result.
We have drifted through this sy=
tern of borrowing to liquidate with,
until today, we find the agricultural
soils in the United States, wven reck
oned from the law of averages, mort
gaged for more than they can be sola
for. For instance, the entire state of
Iowa, is mortgaged for $9o.25 for ev
ery acre of land within its boundary
lines; Minnesota, for $47.50 per acre;
North Dakota for $12.80 an acre; and
South Dakota for $36.91 for every
man, woman and children within its
boundary lines. The state of Wiscon
sin, for $67.00 an acre, and many of
the older states farther east would be
glad to bargain the entire state for
the mortgage they have on them. All
this we find in the various states all
through the Union, where our fore
fathers started out, in man> states
less than a half century ago, on land
in its richest state of fertility, free
from any and all encumbrance. When
I
19
m
This
Practical
Cook Book
^O^cbntaining more than 90 excel
lent recipes—bread, muffins, cakes
and pastry—will be mailed on request
to users of K C Baking Powder.
The recipes have been prepared
especially for
SmeTriceforomJSymrsy
25 ounce$fdrl5t /
Millions of Pounds
Used by Our
Government ' c>' r 7_.
V
.o°V°
c v ,
07
*
I*
of
ing
the
a
Now just what was it that caused
the land values to rise during the
period of time above mentioned V Ac
cording to the very face of the above_,
statement, because of the demand,
created by an emigration of people
from Europe into the Uniteu States,
and not by any reason of the earning
power of the land in question. This
condition does not exist today, and
can not exist. First: for the reason
where did farming EVER pay the
average farmer, through a series of
years ?
I pause for a reply.
"During the administration of
Andrew Jackson, a period of com
parative peace in the world, and
great emigration of people from
Europe to the United States:
land values rose rapidly in the
United States. The sale of public
lands in the west paid off the
public debt."
that the inducements for emigration
as it once was, have been exhausted,
They only way to give a stabilized in
creased valuation to land, is to in
crease its earning power which can
not be measured by a temporary de
mand. Second: The sale of public
lands may have once paid the public
debt, but we have no more public
lands in the west with which to pay
the public debt, and therefore can
not compare our present conditions
with those of a hundred years ago.
Our forefathers than said to the
young man, "Go west, young man, and
grow up with the country." But today
we have no west to send the young
man to. The west has met tnc east
and our government has no mare free
lands to offer, and I question whether
it would be of 'any material benefit
in the long run if it dia, for at some
time or other every foot of. land ly
ing between the Atlantic and Pacific
has been a gift.
Men begin its cultivation in its
richest state of fertility with no en
cumbrance upon it, and besides the
real estate mortgages exisiting today,
the year of 1927 saw 131,000 farms
foreclosed under mortgage. Or an
average of 401 farms for every work
day of the year because of a lack of
earning power of the soil,
other words, because the average ag
ricultural producer, insteal of selling
his products at a price equal to the
cost of production as all other pros
perous industries do, sold his product
at a price below what it cost him to
| produce it, thus reducing the earning
1
Or in
poW er of the soil to a nonentity,
Again the writer said>'After 1876 1
a griculture commenced to revive and 1
conditions improved until the panic of
18 92, Cleveland's second administra
According bo the best statistics
ava ilable, there was but little improve
ment the agr icultural conditions
throughout the years mentioned and
f 0 r several years after. If our con
ditions i mpr0V e in agriculture, it is
because we are receiving a price for
our products nearer equal with the
cost of product i 0 n, than we were for
j^ierly receiving. I here submit a few
statistics taken from the year book
as compiled by the United States Je
partm ent of agriculture for your con
sideration an d then ask that you draw
your own conclusions. I am using the
tion.
ten period as a law of aver ages.
the price of wheat, as paid to
the average farmer a11 over th / Unit '
gd gtates during that terms of year s;
nmT , A ™
WHEAT
!
sfi 9 to le <9, average.
; 1879 to 1889, avetage .
i 1889 to 1899, average ...
1899 to 1909, average ...
CORN
Per Bushel
$0.959
. 0.875
. 0.661
. 0.727
Per Bushel
..$0.427
. 0.414
. 0.317
. 0.442
1869 to 1879, average.
1879 to 1889, average ....
1889 to 1899, average ....
1899 to 1909, average .....
CATTLE
Per Head
.$17.51
...... 19.81
...... 18.44
. 15.69
1869 to 1879, average ....
1879 to 1889, average .
1889 to 1899, average .
1899 to 1909, average.
HOGS
Per Head Jan. 1
.$4.73
1869 to 1879, average .
1879 to 1889, average .
1889 to 1899, average.
1899 to 1909, average —
In the particular case of wheat,
suring the years 1869 to 1879, which
includes that cycle of time mentioned
by the writer that agriculture was im
proving, the average price of wheat
6.17
6.37
5.95
was 95.9 cents per bushel, then up to
1889, which includes the balance of the
cycle except two years, the average
price of wheat paid to the farmer was
87.5 cents per bushel, or an average
of 8.4 cents per bushel, less than he
received during the other cycle. Then
from 89 to 99 there was still another
decrease of 21.4 cents per bushel,
bringing the average down to 66.1
cents per bushel, or 29.8 cents per
bushel less than he was receiving dur
ing the period from which the writer
indicates that agriculture began to '
improve. j
Com sold for a less return to the
producer along the same ratio to
wheat. Cattle made a small gain
during the first ten year period after j
the time mentioned, but at the end of I
a forty year period had lost all they
had gained and almost two dollars
per head to the producer besides. Dur
ing that cyc l e of years, hogs made the
. . . • r.,* __i v a er, ia ii
most subst<mtial.galll, but onlysmal
margin and not enough to equal the
loss sustained on other products. All,
an
of
to
III lll-^-ö.
The 628 kitchens in the
MARSHALL FIELD GARDEN
APARTMENT HOMES
will be equipped with
FRIGIDAIRE
A letter from Mr. Rosenthal, President of O. W. Rosenthal-Cornell
Co., Builders:
"We are enclosing signed copies of contract for six hundred twenty,
eight (628) Frigidaires for the Marshall Field Garden Apartment
Homes.
"As you know, this is a non-profit project, providing apartments to
rent at cost. Because of this, we were particularly concerned not
only as to the quality and character of equipment, but the operating
and maintenance cost, that the occupants of these apartments may
have the very best possible service at the lowest possible cost."
Come in and get all the facts about Frigidaire; also two new and
interesting books that we want to give you — ( ree.
L>
O. M. DONALDSON, Dealer
Plentywood, Montana
in
2320
III •=^-•=^■1131^=-^=» III-Co-O
fiTMT("iTi"iT?"iTi"iTi"tTi W | Tj"» Ti"iTi M iTmTi"i X |
Announcement !
Our Store will be open
evenings until 9 o'clock
during spring work.
Peterson Company
PLENTYWOOD
*
(
Va
<
W--'
» • 1
»7
{(,
m
y~
*
l
•N
rON
pA^- you
^ BET HE'S MAD
Had to stop in the middle of Spring work
to grind valves and scrape out the carbon*
That's something you avoid when you de -
pend on Dura tractor oil. Dura doesnt
form hard carbon deposits in the motor*
That's a special patented feature. Try
and see.
RACTOfl
OI US
mu
Westland Oil Comp
other products of the So ;i ,
about the same proportion Ä *
mentioned, and since
only improve by the profits
able to make from the n r0f i„ M
have to sell, and since we had
stantial advance in the
products during the time nw -
I feel the writer of the a W^
tioned article is indebted to
lie for an explanation
ter 1876 agriculture
revive and conditions
the panic of 1892.
ICTr ... _
vViLJLIij IUIN PLANNING
TQ PAVF 40 Rl rvo.
L ™ BLOCKS
_..... .
Williston, Apnl.29 —-Forty block.
paving will be laid this year, acc^i
|Fig to present plans, petitions havU
f^^^pTving of eveT/ hlnT^
Iar tne P dVin K oi every block
{ Broadway to and including Erf
| street north from First i avenue uK
Third avenue east, both inclusive,
our
We
are
i* sub.
v alue
ot
out
Fr.tr>
t«w ft
commenced ,,
improve
as
untü
\
nottl

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