OCR Interpretation

The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, November 20, 1931, Image 2

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053305/1931-11-20/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for PAGE TWO

A Paper of the People, by the People
and for the People
By the Peoples Publishing Company, Publishers
CONTINUING — The Outlook Promotor, The
Outlook Optimist, The Dooley Sun, The Antelope
Independent, The Sheridan County News, The
Pioneer Press and the Sheridan County Farmer.
Friday, November 20, 1931
r [E FOLLOWING clipping shows how the work
er, the white slave, has gotten down to a point
of submission and false pride far below that of
the black slave of his time. The black slave de
manded and expected that his master would take
care of him during his sickness and he was taken
care of. Instead of demanding the same right
which the black slave had, the white slave of to
il&y offers to sell what is dearest to him, his
ch ildren, in order to pay for things which were
given to the black man willingly and free of
«barge. So long as the white slave is willing to
turn everything he has into money in order to up
hold the present system and is too timid to de
mand what belongs to him, just so long will the
system keep on robbing him and making him sell
his children in order to pay doctor hills.
Hutchinson, Kans.— Sam Harris reveal
ed today the chain of circumstances which
drove him to offer his six-months-old twin
in pawn for a $200 loan.
I have nothing I can mortgage," said
Harris, 39-year-old laborer. get a
job. Nobody will loan me any money and
I must have at least $200 for an opera
Harris and his family have been forc
ed to sleep on the floor of their tenement
room, covered only by a few ragged blan
kets. The operation, a delicate one, involv
ing the nose, must be performed immedi
"So I'd like to let somebody adopt the
twins, if he would lend me $200," Harris
In a couple of years I might
be able to redeem them. I hate to let them
go, but I'm desperate.
He was asked why he had not accept
ed offers of free medical aid from the
"I have never taken any charity," he
replied. "I've always worked and I would
now if I could get a job. I don't want
something for nothing, and I haven't any
thing to offer now but the twins. That's
the only reason I'm even thinking of let
ting them go.
A five day week would distribute the general
wage fund to a larger number of people but what
is needed is a fund ample for ALL workers all the
(Prom The Dakota Free Press, Aberdeen, S. D.)
" USSIAN "DUMPING" of wheat and oil has
given the capitalist newspapers of this country
an opportunity to work up prejudice against the
soviets which they have not been slow to take ad
vantage of.
Every country engaged in agriculture or
manufacturing has "dumped." We dump oar
wheat and we have not been able to dump it at
the right price, so our farmers are in distress.
We have dumped our manufactures in great vol
ume. Hiding behind a tariff which kept out for
eign competition we have dumped our stuff on
Europe at half price to get rid of the "surplus."
This is especially true of agricultural imple
ments. It is a fact so well known that nobody
should be deceived that agricultural implements
manufactured in this country have been bought in
Europe for one-quarter to one-hall of the price
paid by our own farmers.
All over the United States today, the mer
chants of the towns and cities are dumping. The
newspapers are full of advertisements of special
sales at reduced prices. These merchants are com
mitting the horrible sin of dumping their goods
on the American market at less than some of their
competitors can afford to sell.
All commerce consists of dumping. If you
need money badly or can make good profits by
dumping your stuff on somebody else you dump
or you are simply foolish.
The dumping cry raised against Rtssia is so
pitibly foolish that it is laughable.
Those who favor the competitive system—
and our whole industrial and financial structure
is based on competition—should be the last to
squawk when Russia or England beats us at our
wm game.
The truth is, however, that Russia has dump
ed only because she is engaged in a vast building
scheme and needs the money with which to push
her enterprises to completion.
Hogs were lower on the Chicago market Satur
day than they have been at any time in the last
twenty-three years. This hits the farmer a wal
lop that will hurt more than anything that has
yet happened. Wheat is a small item in compari
son with hogs in all the big farming states. There
wÉl be no prosperity in this country until the
farmer again has a buying power which will per
mit him to purchase what he wants and needs.
Prosperity propaganda in the face of the present
hog prices is little short of criminal.
have noticed that the price of wheat has gone
up. That is not strange. There has never been
such a "surplus" of wheat as people were made
to believe. The wheat was many times multiplied
by counting storage tickets at the local elevators,
then again on the same wheat at Minneapolis and
again on the identical wheat at Chicago. Count
ing bushels of wheat in that way was not hard.
It helped to maintain the "surplus," It gave the
insiders a chance to deal at the right time and
they are dealing, sure enough.
Farmers were told to feed wheat to hogs.
They did. Now the price of hogs is so low that
the farmer has lost his feed. He might as well
have sold his wheat in the first place, so far as
money returns are concerned. Te farmer gets it,
coming and going. Up in this country he has little
wheat. In some places none at all. So the game
goes on.
I notice that you have allowed the Controller
of the Currency to permit the national banks to
count their deflated assets—stocks and bonds—at
face value w r hen they make their statements to the
government. If a bond was bought by a bank at
say $1,000, and its present market value has de
preciated to $400 you permit them to count it at
$1,000. The bank's depositors have therefore got
not $1,000 as security for their money, but $400.
That looks like a clean swindle practiced on the
depositor in the bank. Do you call that square
business? I do not. The insurance commission
ers in national convention permitted the insurance
companies to count their frozen, depreciated assets
at face value. How does that protect policy hold
ers? Is that not the last ditch in high finance?
Do you wonder people lose confidence in banks and
hide their money? Do you wonder people who
hold policies in the insurance companies are won
dering whether their beneficiaries will ever get
the money when dad dies? We are getting back
to normal with a rush. Some more crooked "nor
One trouble in this country is that there has
been no planning. We just go ahead, hog wild,
every fellow for himself, the devil take the hind
most. Production and distribution are a gamble,
when both might be made an exact science within
a few points. Our industrial lords make up their
own minds what they should produce, not knowing
what the demand is going to be. They guess.
Each one does the same thing. There is no co-op
eration, no co-ordination of effort, and if the whole
industrial system were to be placed in the hands
of fift yof the leaders, they would not agree, and
if they did agree they would double-cross and
cheat each other in the hope they might make ad
ditional profits by cheating and violating their
Take the case of the farmer. He is an indi
vidualist. If he thinks that his neighbors are go
ing to put in less wheat than usual he puts in
MORE. If he thinks hogs are going to be higher
because there has been cholera in his district, he
raises MORE HOGS. Te county agent tells him
it is a good time to get more sheep. Sheep are
low. The farmer gets more sheep. Everybody
rushes into sheep. It is not so long ago that the
agricultural preachers told the women they should
raise more chickens. They did. Now chickens are
low. The old cow has been worked to death and
the price of milk and cream is down. Every damn
fool thinks he can beat the other fellow and the
That is the trouble with the capitalist system
of production and distribution. There is no PLAN
NING. No forecast. We get experience AFTER
we act. It is different in Russia under their plan.
They map out how much food they need to sup
ply their own folks and leave a little to sell
abroad, so they can buy more machinery to pro
mote their industries. They plan everything years
in advance, and then work to the plan. They can
do that because they are not working for profit.
There is no competition between individuals or
groups. There is no interest te pay. There are
no mortgages or stocks or bonds. All they want
is PLENTY of food, plenty of clothing, plenty of
everything that people need. If they have more
than they need this year they will sell it to the
outside world to get something they want with
which to promote their program. They have no
motive for SELLING execept to get something
they NEED
That is the reason everybody in Russia is at
work. They have no unemployment and they nev
er will have, for there is no end to the possibilities
of development in that vast country. It may take
them fifty years to organize their industries as
well as we have ours organized, but when they are
organized and they can produce what they want
as easily as we can produce what we want, they
will work shorter hours, enjoy more of life and
have SECURITY against want. That is what our
people want, but they cannot get it, for the Rus
sian system cannot be made a success under dem
ocracy. It takes a dictatorship to do that. We
shall have the dictatorship some of these days.
It will be a dictatorship of the capitalists, such
they have in Italy or a dictatorship of the work
ers such as they have in Russia. We shall be
forced to choose, eventually, which we will take.
Our democracy has fallen flat. It wont function
any longer, hard as we may try to make it work.
Of all the hoary bell-wethers trotted out per
iodically on issues in which the populace
inclined to sheeplike reasoning, perhaps the most
irritating at this time is the thesis that we should
build up the navy to reduce unemployment.
THE OTHER DAY the good old state of Minne
sota offered $1,400,000 worth of gilt-edge bonds
Part of the money derived from
the bond sale was to be used in a new road build
ing program and the balance was to be used to
interest on bonds already sold. The bond sale did
not materialize because the state of Minnesota
ceived not one hid on the bonds.
on the market.
. Eastern money
lenders came, looked over the bonds, and sai d, "No
thank you."
Farmer Criticizes Bowbells
The trouble between the farm
ers and the Bowbells Tribune edi
tor started when that paper came
out with an article about the coal
miners demonstration at Estevan
recently, where two miners were
murdered and others wounder.
written up in such a way as to
put the blame on the demonstrat
Later articles in which workers
demonstrations were criticiszed
and recommendations of a third
party appeared in the paper and
protest letters are sent to the pa
per by Mr. Ingerson and other
farmers showing the North Dako
ta farmers are strong for a real
Farmers and Workers government
where things are produced for
use and not for profit.
Editor, Bowbells Tribune,
Bowbells. North Dakota.
Dear Editor:
A third part! What a splendid
means of taking the people's minds
off the real Issues before them, and
leading them on a wild gooee chase
that can get them nothing. Even
a third party did get a lot
votes—even a majority—all that
would mean is that the people are
dissatisfied with things as they are
at the present, and it also would
assurance to the capitalists of this
country that they are in no danger
of losing control, because a third
party would not attempt to change
the capitalist system to a system
where there would be no exploiting
Who will want this third CAPI
TALIST part for It would be a cap
italist party)—who wants to lead
it? Weak-kneed politicians who
want to get In the limelight and
cover themselves with glory." Poli
ticians who lack the courage to face
facts as they really are or to advo
cate the real remedy. Politicians
who would like to capitalize on
discontent of the present time
get Into public office, and become
the official lackeys and boot-llckers
of capitalism.
If the people of North Dakota
wish to cast a real protest vote
Communist, then the pow
Copples living together
You need* 1 * >*» ">*
_1 know Camel '*
fresh cigarette.
because they're fresh
«JAMELS are never parched or toasted!
from choice sun-ripened tobaccos never have to
give a thought to their throats.
That's because such fresh cigarettes retain natural
moisture —and are gratefully smooth, cool, throat
friendly, mild.
Camels are the fresh cigarette — everyone knows
that now—they're blended from the finest Turkish
and mild Domestic tobaccos that money and skill
can buy.
We would never dream of parching or toasting
these choice sun-ripened tobaccos—that would only
drive off or destroy the natural moisture that makes
Camels fresh in nature's own mild way.
The Camel Humidor Pack protects a fine cigarette
fresh with natural moisture — it could do little or
nothing to freshen a cigarette that is dried -out or
If you smoke for pleasure, see for yourself what
freshness means in mildness and flavor—switch to
Camels for just one day—then leave them, if you can!
Winston-Salem , IS, C.
who smoke really fresh cigarettes made
JR. J, Reynolds Tobacco Companys Coast-to-Coast Radio Programs
cash. QUARTER HOUR. Morton Downey, Tony prince albert quarter hour. Alice Joy, "Old
Won», and Camel Orchestra, direction Jacques Hunch," and Prince Albert Orchestra, direc*
Renard, every night except Sunday, Colombia tion Paul Van Loan, every night except Son*
Broadcasti n g System day, N.B.C. Red Network
See local paper for time
Ja BHllhLS/.
■ '>
0 Don't remove the moisture-proof wrapping from your
package of Camels after you open it. The Camel Humidor
Pack is protection against perfume and powder odors ,
dust and germs, in offices and homes , even in the dry
atmosphere of artificial heat, the Canid Humidor Pock
delivers fresh Camels and keeps them right until the last
has been smoked
( 0 *
%im,S.\.^dh vt00
ers that be will sit up and take
About the
editorials: I agree
with Louie Negaard—they are rot
ten and the masterpiece of bunk is
"Why Not Change Tactics?"
In the October 30 isye the editor
tries to explain why he wrote this
editorial. I quote fro mthe editorial
in that issue entitled: "Why Not
Change Tactics? As We See It."
"Editorials in the larger papers
may reflect the sentiments of the
owners though worded by the edi
torial writers, and may not always
reflect the exact sentiments of the
writer. But in weekly and small
papers owned by those who write
the editorials, they usually
the attitude of the writer
questions discussed. With editori
als written for the Bowbells Trib
une this is always the case."
I wonder if our editor thinks that
he owns the Bowbells Tribune, Al
so if he ever .stopped to think that
the readers ■would like to read an
editorial based on facts Instead of
on opinions and prejudices of the
About demonstrations and "riots"
in general, whether in North Dako
ta or in Saskatchewan., and the Es
stevan .affair in particular it would
be well to point out two facts: (
First: IVmonstrations are neces
sary because the newspapers do not
tell the truth about conditions
on the
es ins t which the workers are pro
testing Either the papers are own-:
ed by the.capitalists and their poM-I
oy is to mislead, or, incase of farm
er or worker owned paper«, the edi
tors often are too stupid or lack
the courage to tell the truth. In the
latter case changing to
who work§ for the Interests of the
farmers and workers would do away
with the necessity for demonstra
Second: When demonstrations are
turned Into riots, it is because the
pollce-lackeye of capitalism, who
are always ready to do the bidding
of the capitalist, owning, exploiting
class against whose oppression the
demonstration is directed. turn
into a riot by attacking the demon
strators whose only purpose is
bring the truth to the general puh
an edlor
Demonstrations are necessary end
beneficial to the working class as
whole even though the leaders often
are convicted on framed up charges
In capitalist owned courts, presided
over by Judges who are owned body
and soul h> that same exploiting
class that owns the 'rest of |
Hinsdale— Plans are being dis
cussed for extending the power
line to serve farmers in this vicin
Youus very truly,
Moscow, Nov. 16.— The woman
of present day Russia occupies
precisely the same status as man
m marriage.
And a wedding is one of the
few occasions for which an inter
ruption of individual working
hours is permitted in the soviet
The law of matrimony, as in
every other phase of life here,
makes no distinction between the
sexes, but the government's en
couragement of the wedded state
is seen in its instructions to offi
i cials not to hinder employees who
; may wish to patronize the marri
age bureau during working hours,
i n. pwi eh ilri - hearing corn
likewise, cn.ld Deanng co
! mands premiums from the govem
ment in the form of monetary re
wards and extra privileges.
At the nearest registration of
fice — a bureau where marriages
divorces, births and deaths are re
corded—a couple pays two rubles
(about $1) answers a few ques
tions and becomes formally united
in wedlock. One is compelled
support the other if he or she
out of work or ill, and their com
bined property automatically be
comes jointly owned. Honey
moons are considered wasteful ex
Number of Marriages Normal
Notwithstanding the ease with
which marriage is accomplished,
officials contend the number
marriages is normal. Some have
seen in the housing shortage
large centers a possible explana
Each party has a right to retain
his own name or both may adopt
entirely new one. Change of resi
dence by either party does not
blige the othe to do likewise.
. ..
formality or registration definite
ly are recognized as married and
enjoy the same property right?.
They also have the pnvilege of
formally recording their. marriage
from any prior date desired.
Childbirth automatically con
verts an illicit relationship into a
legal marriage, thus compelling
the father to bear his share of
expenses involved in
sunport of the child,
dren have the same rights as oth
ers and bear the father's name.
i Infant Gets $45 Cash
The first of the benefits accru
ing to parents is a present of 90
rubles (about $45) in cash from
the state to an infant as soon as
he is registered. Twenty meters
of cloth and a set of bed clothing
also are forthcoming, but of even
more value is the additional ration
card which enables the family to
buy extra bread, eggs, butter, su
gar and other privileged foods.
Parents also enjoy lower rent
and less house tax.
For the mother, if she Is a
worker, four months' leave with
full pay is allowed, two months be
fore and two months after birth.
If she is an "employee," or white
collar - worker, she gets three
months and full pay. Nine rubles
(about $5.60) monthly is paid the
mother while weaning the child.
Hospitalization is provided free
birth and
Such chil
If you an short of
land have not paid your sub
scription, do it by bringing
na coal fai exchange. We can
■ ■■ — —p — o
and there ig a
""g 4 "* 6 f ® r both
if the fam,ly ls ext »»
If the mother is eni ', y -
side the home, as ? Dlo Ved
thousands of them are^î 1 ^
nursery and kindereartJx 1 * tt
attendance at the nen ' Sj
a?e of
Care is taken that the *
eration receives no
mg. From his earliest S' -
effort is directed toward **«
the child a potential
Helena— Natural «« v
j turned into approximate! 7*V
i of new mains laid in tv* ^ ^
The telegraphic nol e ^
Northern Pacific has W *
between Missoula and
Harlowton— A new
has opened here.
i Æ

f/fJ i
I S'
You don't go downstairs M
turn on the light and M
just as convenient and inj
pensive to have an
sion telephone within an&'il
Order one Today-fa I
call our Business Of/iceB
ri • în.

xml | txt