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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, December 18, 1931, COUNTY EDITION, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053305/1931-12-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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of the World
Unite !
Join the
United Farmers
Price Five Cents
Entered as second Class Matter, Oc tober 18. 1912. at the Post
office at Plentywood, Montana, Unde r the Act of March 3, 187.8
Ch ang Gov't Ousted ßy Chinese Mass Revolt
___ — »— — ....- » — -• : - *
Workers Greet Hunger
March Delegates at
Huge Mass Meetings
Washington, D. C., Tuesday,
Dec. 8.— The big day is over and
City of Washington is breath
cas i€r. Trouble was what they
«pected and did not get it.
The demands to the House and
a case of leave
Senate were
take it. When the report came
back that our committees had not
been admitted, they expected us to
capture the capitol, although noth
of the kind was intended. All
started their motors
in g
motor cops
ready for action or ready to beat
Some might think we lost out,
but H was the best planned and
o«t effective demonstration ever
made by the laboring class.
Orders were issued for us to
leave the city today. To order us
out was not hard when they know
are not going to stay another
Before we left the dump in
which we have slept we had bo op
en our bundles to show them we
had not stolen any of the army
blankets. We left without any
! breakfast. Had to go and buy it
best we could—coffee and, 6c.
I Mission Discriminates Against
In a Mission where some asked
if they could wash themselves, they
would not let any Negro in. Most
•f " ** °" r S™ 1 cap,to1 more
I dirty I aa we came.
It was about noon before we got
Mdy to leave. Some one gave ns
..hole bunch ftamt In
I Baltimore they throw them in
i " , , j
I the sea by the shipload.
I . . J . . j .
I A few motor cops escorted us to
I il -a 1 - •* ttt
I the city limits. We are now on
I it. i- „
I the way home, over the same
j roads we came. We stopped and
I picked up some more apples. Stop
j ped and built a bonfire, boiled
I coffee and had lunch from the
I supply trucks,
I Arrived in Cumberland after
I dark, motor cops meeting us out
I Und
side of town, lined us up
I took us to the same skating rink
I where wp spent one cold night be
B fore. Stew and coffee was wait
I ing for us. Now all are singing:
I "Solidarity forever" and someone
I playing an old accordion. In this
I town they do not allow us to hold
I a meeting.
I Pittsburg, Pa., Wednesday, Dec
I 9.—In Cumberland some stood
I around the stove all night, others
I laid on the floor and tried in vain
I to keep warm.
I It has snowed during the night,
I now it is raining—cold, sloppy and
I "et. After coffee and buns we
■ finally got started, climbing the
I mountains goes slow. The road
I is slippery and curves and steep
are many. There is no more
snow after we get thorugh the
In Uniontown w r e stop for a
sandwich and coffee which some
one had waiting for us.
It is getting dark. A truck ran
into our car, smashing our rear
hght and fender. Just how much
1 will have left of the car by the
time we get back is hard to tell,
but I will try to save the key for
a souvenir.
After repairing up the best we
could, we finally reached our des
tination, Ukrainian Hall, in Pitts
burg, whore it is warm and where
a good meal was waiting for us.
The hall is packed and delegates
are speaking from the platform,
telling about our experience in
Washington to
Youngstown, Ohio, Thursday,
Dec. 10.—It felt good to sleep in
a "arm place last night in Pitts
"Brg. Sleeping on the floor is
something we are getting kind of
to. Plenty of coffee and
The Young Communist League
lining School which is being
held at Plentywood, Montana will
with a bang on Saturday,
Member 19th, 8 p. m . sharpl
Commencement Program
consist of a variety of attracr
Speakers representing the
oun £ Communist
* Unist Party, United
J Je an 4 the Students, musical
bUm * Jfcra , v °cal and instrumental
League, Corn
left the smoky city.
I 11 Pittsburg, the column going
towards St. Louis parted with us.
The police do not pay so much
attention to us on our return trip.
w ® are left to find our
eats were given to us before
own way
in and out of towns, which is not
always so easy.
We stop in a steel town and
hold a meeting in the open to a
good crowd. Then go on to
Youngstown, where we had a
good supper, good meeting and
stayed over night. Some of us
even had matresses to sleep on, I
being one of the lucky ones.
• ♦ ♦
Cleveland, Ohio, Friday, Dec. 11
—The rain is pouring down as we
walk back to our eating place in
Youngstown, where they even
treated us to pie for breakfast.
The rain stops and the sun
comes out as we travel on the
slippery road towards Cleveland,
where the city had treated us so
well on our first visit. This time
we have to find our way through
the town as best we can.
The local organization is taking
care of us. We arrived before ex
pected, in the middle of the after
noon. Hot meal was not ready but
we were given a couple sana
wiches with coffee for a start,
3# #f a*
Ukrainian Hall. The«, good peo
j doing everything for no.
^ their to tta foJ1 .
i£y arranged for a
baih for ^ m ottr tair frw of
_ „
charge, gave us a swell supper
~ B . ._, ".
and wanted us to eat and eat.
Now they are spreading matt*
_ J . .
resses on the floor for us to
8 ®®P on - mi „_ -on
.^ oe J" aC . €
pl ' 1,k * the " " wor,h ' fMe -
There are several meetings in
town tonight but the bunch here
no t going—that gives us
chance to go early to bed for once.
Going to Washington
Toledo, Ohio, Saturday, Dec. 12.
—At six we are up and soon after
(Continued on Pago Two)
The Army of Hunger
Is Marching
(Song of the National Hun
ger March)
We march on starvation,
acraînet fleath • i
march against deatn,
We re ragged; we ve noth
ing but body and breath.
Chorus :
From North and from South
From Elast and from West,
The Army of Hunger is
Police Thugs Club;
Blind Negro Woman
Chicae-o Ill _ Temporarily
vmicago, . p
blinded when she was beaten and
arrested by police because she
demanded pay for her housework,
Elinor Brimm, of 4842 S. State
St., has asked for defense by the
International Labor Defense. Miss
Brimm called the police when
white housewives for whom she
had been working refused to pay
her $42 in back pay.
When the police arrived, how
ever, they clubbed her. hand-cuff
ed her, and broke a jar of pre
serves over her head. She was
so badly bruised that she had to
be taken to a hospital, where she
found to be temporanl blmd
selections, athletic numbers, p n
tomines and play.
The main feature will be the
two-act play made up by the stu
dents themselves called Condi
tions and Charity." This pictures
the actual conditions among the
poverty stricken farmers and con
eludes'in a mock trial of the Red
Cross and Federal relief.
A dance will be held after the
program to the refrains of good
Embody welcome!
Share Croppers In
South Starving to
Death, Writer Finds
KNOXVILLE, Ky.—Share crop
pers of southern Alabama are
starving to death, reports Melvin
Levy, member of the Dreiser
committee which recently investi
gated terrorism in Harlan county,
Ky. Levy motored down to At
lanta after the Harlan inspection.
"Why, those poor fellows are
bought and sold like slaves," said
Levy. "They recently went on
strike in the Camp Hill section,
southwest of Birmingham, and
during the past few weeks there
have been several killings. None
of the atrocities has been made
The Negroes have been work
ing for almost nothing, must buy
their supplies from the plantation
owner, and until recently were not
even allowed to raise their own
vegetables in the ground around
their little miserable huts.
Levy related that he had passed
a black form on the road,
stopped and investigated. It was
that of a Negro, foodless for days,
who later explained he had "just
laid down to die.
to a hospital.
He was taken
Agricultural income in the Unit
ed States this year is estimated
at $6,500,000,000 by the Standard
statistics company of New York,
in a survey which reads in part:
"A continued downward trend
in prices of most farm products
during the early fall months, and
indicated lower crop yields in the
majority of cases, makes it appar
ent that gross agricultural income
of the United States for the cur
rent year will be below even our
tentative estimate made last Aug
ust, despite the recent sharp ad
vance in crop prices,
earlier date, we expressed the be
At the
lief that total income would be
about $7,000,000,000.
"Careful evaluation of subse
quent developments leads us to
believe that $6,500,000,000 will
more nearly approximate the gross
amount which farmers will re
ceive for their products,
showing would represent a decline
of about 30 per cent from the re
vised estimate of $9,434,000,000
for 1930, as given by the depart
ment of agriculture, and 45 per
cent below the government's fig
ure for the preceding year. It is
apparent that aggregate gross .n
come this year will be at tne low
egt ]eve , sfcce the war »
Interest and Taxes Not Reduced
While there has been this de
cline of almost fifty per cent in
the value of the farm products
thruout the country in the past
two years, the interest and the
taxes that the capitalist class de
mands are the same or greater
than two years ago. These taxes
and interest payments that the
capitalist class demands are now
greater than what the agrarian
population has to live on.
The bankers and bloodsuckers
demand that the lives of the far
and his family be coined into
their interest and taxes. The t«nl
. masses can onlv resist these
deiT1 ands thru organiz
| ^ resistance. The United Farm
^ is leading this strug
p j e 0 f the toiling farmers against
this inhuman exploitation.
Farmer's Daughter In
Montana, Points to
Need for Struggle
Roberts, Mont., Dec. 12.—The
conditions of the farmers around
here are quite desperate.
The farmers are getting 45c a
bushel for wheat at the market,
3%c a pound for pork, 8-10c a
pound for spring chickens. The
turkey raisers just shipped their
turkeys to market without know
jing what price they will get for
1 them.
How is it possible for the far
mers to make a living with such
prices for their products?
Its about time the farmers in
^ vicinity as well as others be
gjn to organize and fight for their
^^ts. farmers should have
the right to set a price for his
produce as we ll a s the merchant
setg prices for the pro ducts they
We> the f arm ers, must organize
and demand from the capitalist
our rights.
0 n with the struggle of the
toiling farmers for their immedi
ate demands. .
Hoover's Message to
the Hunger Congress
The day after the Hunger March, delegates were prevent
ed from presenting the demands of the millions of unenr
ployed to Congress or to Hoover this agent of the capitalist
class delivered his annual message to the Hunger Congress.
This message is, in addition to its vicious lying about the
situation in which the toiling masses find themselves, a brazen
rejection of every demand of the masses for immediate relief
and for social insurance and is a declaration by Wall Street
that the masses must bear the cost of the crisis.
"If we lift our vision beyond these immediate emergencies
we find fundamental national gains even amid depression.
Beyond the immediate emergency of 12,000,000 unemployed
this bloodhound of Wall Street "finds fundamental national
gain" for the capitalist class, in that they have not yet been
forced to grant immediate relief to these millions and the
tens of millions of dependents.
"We have witnessed a remarkable development of the
sense of cooperation in the community." This "remarkable
sense of cooperation" was the wage cut attack by the capital
ist class on the working class. This "cooperation" was the
machine guns, sawed off shot guns, tear gas, and rifles that
the Hunger Government had prepared for the Hunger March
Delegates in Washington. Cooperation developed—work
ing class cooperation, the solidarity of the million masses,
Negro and white, employed and unemployed, youth and adult,
small and middle farmers and city proletariat,—the proletari
an solidarity of the toiling millions in the Hunger March
against the horrible misery that the capitalist class thru its
cooperation is attempting to force in even greater degree on
the toiling masses.
For the first time in the history of our major economic
depressions there has been a notable absence of public disor
ders and industrial conflict." This hunger agent of the rob
bers wants to prevent the workers and farmers from know
ing that in this crisis the toiling masses have fought and will
continue to fight against oppression and misery. 46,000 min
ers were on strike in the western Pennsylvania coal fields.
23,000 textile workers struck in Lawrence while tens of
thousands have fought militantly in other textile centers.
Thousands of Kentucky miners are preparing for struggle at
the present time. The mass demonstrations of the workers
on May Day, on August first, and on November 7 as well as
the local demonstrations on other occasions have been on a
broader scale, have rallied new hunureds of thousands of
workers and farmers in the struggle against exploitation and
imperialist war.
THE SOVIET UNION. Under the title of National Defense
he stated:
"Both our Army and Navy have been maintained
in a high state of efficiency. The ability and devotion
of both officers and men sustain the highest tradi
tions of the service. Reductions and postponements
in expenditure of these departments to meet the pres
ent emergency are being made without reducing exist
ing personnel or impairing the morale of either es
He boasts that while there have been reductions in the
budgetary appropriations for the armed imperialist forces,
which do not mean any ACTUAL reductions, there have been
no reductions in the "exisiting personnel" or impairment of
the "morale" of either the army or the navy. The capitalist
class of the United States is INCREASING its military prep
arations, is spending hundreds of millions to speed up the
preparation for the attack on the Soviet Union.
"We are at peace with the wwld. We have cooperated
with other nations to preserve peace. The rights of our citi
zens abroad have been protected." Yes, bloody Hoover. Our
capitalist class keeps the masses in Nicaragua, of Haiti, of
the Philippines oppressed by armed force.
Our" gunboats
patrol the Yangste river, our marines are in China, ready for
the command to attack the workers and peasants of China
who have risen valiantly against the imperialist oppression
of the capitalist class. "Our" capitalist class has reached
secret agreements with the French imperialists for the
crushing of the revolt of the oppressed German masses. "We"
have "cooperated with other nations" in sanctioning the in
vasion of Manchuria and the preparations for the attack on
the Soviet Union by the Japanese imperialists.
Any effort to bring about our own recuperation has dic
tated the necessity of cooperation by us with other nations in
reasonable effort io restore world confidence and economic
stability." Your "reasonable efforts" Hoover, and those of
the world imperialists are the opening of a new slaughter,
more terrible than the last, to restore the "economic stability"
of this, your system of exploitation, brutality and terror.
"Your cooperation with other nations" is the imperialist
front against the toiling masses of the world who are deter
mined to suffer no longer the horrible burdens that you and
your class have decreed for them.
"The emergencies of unemployment have been met by ac
tions in many directions." Yes, Hoover, IN 'MANY DIREC
TIONS. You clubbed the Hunger Marchers in Hammond, In
diana, you fed them stinking slop in a dozen cities, you pre
pare a massacre for them in Washington. You murdered
three Negro workers in Chicago and one in Cleveland last
summer—unemployed workers who were fighting the evictions
that you have decreed for the jobless. You have thrown hund
reds of militant unemployed workers into jail. IN MANY
"Industrial concerns and other employers have been or
ganized to spread available work amongst all their em
ployees, instead of discharging a portion of them." YES,
THE HOOVER STAGGER SYSTEM. It is your plan and
that of your Wall Street bosses that millions more should be
put on the hunger level thru part time work so that you
might avoid feeding the unemployed.
A large majority of industrial concerns have maintained
wages at as high levels as the safe conduct of their business
the terrible wage cuts of two years of crisis, you on October
first organized the country-wide attack on the wage stand
ards, the living standards, of the employed workers.
"Through the President's organization for unemployment
relief, public and private agencies were successfully mobilized
last winter to provide employment and other meaÄirs against
distress. Similar organization gives assurance against suf
fering during the coming winter. Committees of leading citi
zens are now active at practically every point of unemploy
ment. In the large majority they have been assured the funds
necessary which, together with local government aids, will
meet the situation. A few exceptional localities will be furth
er organized."
Under the slogan of organizing charity slops you have
refused immediate relief for the twelve millions of jobless and
their dependents. Your Gifford charity gangster committee
includes the most vicious exploiters and misleaders of labor
in the country. In the state and local committees the same
(Continued on Pi*e Two)
U. S. Workers Visit
Huge Tractor Plant
In Soviet Union
STALINGRAD, Dec. 8. —After
a tour of Stalingrad Tractorstroi
by the American workers' delega
tion now visiting the Soviet Union,
they found two shifts operating,
producing 110 tractors daily and
smashing the lies of the capital
ists who stated that the enter
prise was a failure,
can workers' delegation met with
the presidium of the factory com
mittee and presented the greet
ings of the American workers and
the statue of a worker by Adolph
Wolf, as an expression of interna
tional solidarity and revolutionary
greetings. Thanks were sent to
the American workers and the
American workers in this city
which has tripled its population in
the past ten years.
The delegation found a shortage
of labor in the new enterprise now
being built. Over 100 American
The Ameri
workers recently elected delegates
to the local Soviet,
tion was also greeted in the lum
ber mills on
thousands of workers, but could
find no trace of forced labor.
The delega
October 25th by
NEW YORK, N. Y.—Answer to
the ddmand of Secretary of Labor
William N. Doak that deportation
of militant foreign-born workers
be speeded and aided by tie
courts will be made at mass pro
test meetings in large American
cities under the auspices of the In
ternational Labor Defense and the
Society for the Protection of the
Foreign-Born. The first of these
will be in New York, in the Man
hattan Lyceum on December 20th.
Doak reported that the deporta
tion of militant foreign-bom work
ers "requires greater effort than
in the case of any other class,"
because his deportation raids are
"hampered by every possible re
sort to the courts and by persist
ent propaganda on the part of
un-American organizations of Am
erican citizens."
In defiance of Doak, the Inter
national Labor Defense has fought
the labor department's wholesale
deportation program. It has won
by mass pressure and court action
the unconditional right of workers
from fascist countries to go volun
tarily to Russia, rather than be
delivered by Doak to prisons or
the execution block in their native
lands. The TLD has also helped J
defeat the Michigan 'alien régis
tration' bill, whereby
workers would be fingerprinted
and checked for radical activities
by the police. The ÏLD announ
that it will continue to fight
all deportations, demanding the
right of political asylum for all
workers regardless of their poli
tical opinions.
NEW YORK.—The New Pio
neer gives Santa Claus a big
wallop on the front cover of its,
December issue and in a story
called "Santa Claus at Home"
destroys the myth of a kind old
man bearing gifts.
An article by Anna Rochester,
called "Buried Treasure," gives
the story of coal and the lives
of the workers who dig for it
so vividly that grown-ups as
well as children will want to
read it. No one will want to
miss the letter from a Kentucky
miner's little girl, either, who
says: "We are thankful to you
people for coming dovçi here
and help us struggle for life. . "
A good way to be sure of get
ting the December issue is to
subscribe. Then you'll be sure
to see the map of Manchuria,
with an article by Robert Dunn.
Address New Pioneer, Box 28,
Station D, New York, N. Y.
A community Christmas tree
will be held in the streets of Out
look Thursday evening, Dec. 24th,
sponsored by the Outlook business
men. Candy and apples will be
given free to all who come.
All the children of the commu
nity are especially invited to come.
War on Imperialists
Demanded by 80,000
Students In Nanking
Remaining Agents of Wall Street Government Attempt
to Crush Toiling Masses By Bloody Slaughter
The revolt of the masses has forced the resignation of
the Chiang Kai Shek government, the agents of the im
perialist exploiters in oppressing the Chinese masses. The
government offices were cleaned out by 80,000 students
who defied the decree of martial law which the National
* had issued. Chi
Tax title to this land has been
Wolf Point, Montana., Dec. 10.
-A number of ranchers from the
Prairie Elk country in northeast
ern McCone county met with the
county commissioners at Circle to
protest a proposed sale of ap
proximately 38,000 acres of land.
of five years.
The committee, W. H. Jacobs, D.
D. Garoutte and H. F. Prall, who
were spokesmen for the small
ranchers protested that selling of
the entire amount of land in one
acquired by the county and a sale
was advertised for Dec. 16, when
it was proposed to sell the several
parcels of land in a lump, a price
of 50 cents an acre being mention
ed as a fair value for the land,
20 per cent to be in cash and the
balance to be spread over a period
parcel would make it impossible
for individuals to redeem their
land or for a group of individuals
redeem land in any certain
neighborhood, since the land is
spread over 14 townships,
The selling of the land in this
manner is a scheme of the Chap
pell Bros. Horse company to ob
tain possession of a large amount
of land of small ranchers at a
nominal cost.
McCone commissioner professed
not to know to whom the land
[would be sold, but admitted that an
offer had been made by a "Mr.
Hunt" of Miles City.
Many smaller farms and ranches
would be almost valueless by ac
quisition by Chappell Bros, of
tracts surrounding them. The
transaction is a movement to force
the small ranchers from thcii
holdings. It is not likely any
other concern would want the land
for grazing cattle since Chappell
Bros, own nearly all water holes
m Some ofthe land is good lor
farming and worth much more
than 60 cents an acre and other
land is rough and only suitable for
When asked whether the land
had been appraised within the last
three months, as required by law
preceding a sale, replies of com
missioners indicated that such an
appraisal had not been made.
The sale advertised for Dec. 16
has been vacated as a result of the
ranchers' protest and it is under*
stood that the matter will be de
layed for 60 days.
The Anaconda Copper Company
press reports that these small
ranchers are attempting to pre
vent the sale of this land to the
(Continued on last Page)
(State Organizer, United Farmers
Minot, North Dakota, Dec. 14.—
The Sender Garlin meetings
(speaking and showing pictures of
the "Soviet 6-Year Plan, the Hoov
er Plan and the Farmers") and
held under the auspices of the
United Farmers League and the
International Labor Defense in
North Dakota are stirring the
minds of the workers and farm
ers to a large degree.
In Bismarck the large Patter
ang Kai Shek and his entire
government have been forc
ed to resign by the mass re
The remaining forces of the
government under the leadership
of General Chen are attempting to
crush the revolt by the bloody
slaughter methods that have made
the Kuomintang government a
symbol of blood and terror.
The present actions of the stu
dents began Monday when thous
ands of them paraded in the
streets of Nanking in defiance of
the machine guns which the Nan
king government had planted
there. The students demonstrated,
singing communist songs and wav^
ing red flags. The students de
manded that the Japanese invadr
ers of Manchuria be cleaned out
of the country.
The capitalist press calls this a
This re
"bloodless revolution.'
volt has already been paid for by
the blood of thousands and thous
ands of the militant peasant,
worker and student revolutionists
in the past five years. Because it
is only the blood of the Chinese
toiling masses that has been shed
and not that of the imperialist
generals and officials it is "blood
less" as far as the exploiters are
The government which has been
ousted has been the agent of the
foreign imperialists in their ex
ploitation of the Chinese people.
It has been the direct agent of
the United States capitalist class
in its struggles with the British
and Japanese imperialists. While
the masses have demanded that
the Japanese imperialists
thrown out of Manchuria this
Nanking Kuomintang government,
under the direct orders of U. S.
Secretary of State Stimson, has
refused to lead the struggle. They
knew that the struggle the Chinese
masses demanded was not only
the struggle against the Japanese
imperialists but against all of the
In central China over sixty mil
lion workers and peasants are liv
ing under Chinese Soviet govern
ment. In Manchuria the Japanese
invaders had been defeated in
battlc . aft " ba '« e ( *1? tba p0 ° 1 «'
armed partisan detachments of the
Chinese masses.
Japanese Off Gold Standard
The suspension of the gold
standard by Japan on Dec. 12 in
dicates clearly the rapid crumbl
ing of the entire financial struc
ture of world imperialism.
Japanese imperialists attempted
ish gold standard in September to
maintain their own standard as a
means for winning from the Brit
ish the markets in the Far East.
In attempting to maintain the
gold standard the Japanese have
been shipping gold to the United
States in large quantities during
the past two months. So serious
(Continued on Page two)
son Hall was filled. All the old
timers crept out of their shells—
the railroad workers thrown out
of their jobs with their "priority
all shot to pieces, listened with
open minds and looked with eager
eyes, as the vivid contrast between
the living conditions of the work
ers and farmers under the Hoov
er system and those of the happy
workers of the Soviet Union was
The picture of the Hoover Plan
of Starvation are a smashing in*
(Continued on P*ce Five)

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