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THE PRODUCERS NEWS
Published weekly at Plentywood. Montana by The Peoples Publishing Company, Inc. Official Organ of the UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE In the Northwest Official paper o f the City of Plentywood, Mont. Subscription Rates: National Edition — In the United States; per year $2.00; six months $1.00; three months 50 cents. Foreign, per year $2.50; six months $1.25; three months 60 cents. County Edition—In the United States: year $3.00; six months $1.50; four months $1.00. County Edition to foreign countries, vear $3.50; six mont hs $1.75; four months $1.25.' Advertising Ra tes furnished upon application ERIK BERT, Editor HANS RASMUSSEN, Business Manager Friday, December 18, 1931. » CONFIDENCE IN CAPITALIST DECAY morne person called Frank Parker Stockbridge, writing in the Meeker County (Minnesota) News on December 10 unburdened himself of the follow ing remarks in order to prove to the farmers of Minnesota that they were not so badly off: "Beyond doubt one of the powerful sons behind the reluctance of capital to hark in new enterprises or furnish addition al money for established industries in the past two years has been the fear of Com munism. I am convinced that the overwhelming overthrow of the Labor Party in England, Änd the recent revelations from Russia of the failure of the Soviet program at a doz en different points, have had more to do with restoring confidence among capitalists and industrial leaders than almost anything rea em happened. "No intelligent person will contend that our capitalist system of government and in dustry is perfect, hut no intelligent person can deny that it works better than any other system which has ever been tried on a large scale." The most "powerful reason behind the reluct ance of capital to embark in new enterprises or furnish additional money for established indus tries" to quote the National City Bank Monthly Letter for December, is that "the reaction from the advance in commodity prices, and the failure of f he bond market to show any sustained firmness, are warnings against any deductions that is just around the comer." recovery The capitalist class realizes that the crisis is entering a more severe phase than hitherto and it will be hard for them to increase their profits. This indicates also the degree of the tion of "confidence trial leaders" about which this This "restoration of confidence" restora among capitalists and indus person drivels, was due. ac THE STRUGGLE OF THE DAIRY FARMERS All dairy farming is divided into two types, one is market mPk pro duction (milk for sale in cities and consumed as liquid fresh milk) the other type is butter fat production (for butter, cheese and other man ufactured preduets.) This report Will concern itself with the market milk farmer who is closer to the city proletariat, (except the prole tanat which works on the "kulak" dairy farms) both geographically andin economic interests, than perhaps any other group of small or middle farmers. This group is always found clustered around a big city, the radius of their area depends on the size of the city. The milk shed (area of the radius) is usually about 70 miles. New York, of course, is much larger. The farmer who sells market milk has the usual problems of mortgage?, rents, taxes, prices and sanitary inspections. He also has weapons of struggle as the co-operative and the milk strike. Both have been used to win victor ies in the past. The problems of rents, mortga ges, and taxes do not vary from those of other farmers so I will not write about them, but and sanoitary inspections bring in new- factors with possibilities for organized struggle. ■ . ^ he ,^ £ ^ TT!?r tak ® s kls milk to th« state highway and places his mar some prices ked can^ m a milk platform, as his neighbors also do. A truck wi. S T2 K , -. 1 , - J" The station i«; oJr^i K* 1 ? \ ^ J fieWs etc Here the B fa™eri s S milV is weighed aZ ^ fat S ccZtlTnJ fn^^r! m-Tk rn fxen ' P * j* f •* e weight and ner™■*age° r lf ,? huttCT fat.' hut the companv men d* Vhe weighing and testing The dairy farmer has no option about the place he sells his milk; he must sell to the nearest station. He must have an outlet that will take his milk every day in the year: price he is receiving, go off to an-1 other locality and find another out let, another market for his labor (in the form of milk). Milk can-1 not he stored. It must move to the city fast. The owner of the local milk station is in position to die täte prices and conditions just like the local telephone and electric light companies. There w no need for the oorpor at long to own the farms. ..They can fully exploit the farmers by lost cwp tag »h. rtatio«. STRUGGLF Th t . ^ ggle that **** always!must nuf r ° n between tile P° or ^ mid . aimers and the dealers who ! marlKt T ago t ^ e ;^ mainl >' Omp« x- ew ^ ers€ i r and farmed The ' ' de f r,l gner P nces f ? ^Ti St ^ k - e * The uosted * e | r U roads and !L ^ mdk from having 7° some ^clones were mainlj because the territory r As th<? dty grew the l!^! h d -f/ a e i xpanded - In 1915 pother milk strike took place, this area tekin ? * Vw Wk stat ®' parts of Pennsyl • nor J h ® rn New Jersey . e L * air * n ) en s League was a mil organization of poor and mid d e farmers - *n -p , . Take note—we say it "was." Then came the war and costs of everything the farmers bought rose price. The farmers demanded a higher price. The dealers refused. The Dairymen's League prepared , for. a strike. Suddenly Herbert Hoover, then food administrator b « ca »e chief strikebreaker. He ar nested all the leaders of the Dairy men's League and the old re liable strikebreaking weapon, th«> injunction, to smash the strike. I M . trike and won a par v * ctory ■ London's gave in and ^erognized the Dairymen's League 3nd commPnced to buy only thru that organizatioa - Sheffield's held 0Ut " d organized farmers who sold to them on the lines of "a COmpany union " and calIed st the Sh ® ffie5d Association. ' Smce then Bart «* a and the mis who ^ ooniro\ of ^ Dairymen » League have been f ble ' make the Dairymen's Lea P* a class collaboration or iaart — the A. F. of L. The Borden organization itself Las expanded into a gigantic trust owning plants from coast to coast. Sheffield's have been absorbed by i the National Dairy Products Co., also a coast to coast trust. Both Borden's and National Dairy Pro-1 ducts are controlled by the Kuhn, Loeb & Co., Wall Street interests. ; Against a united front like the above, the farmers must organize las broadly as possible to monopolv, which will top reserves ) to ü£U o( n£ cording to him, to the "failure of the Soviet Pro gram at a dozen different points." In order to show how much confidence the italist class can draw from the "failure" of the Soviet five year plan, we reprint a few figures rrom our issue of two weeks cap ago which cover several of the basic industries in the Soviet Union: IRON AND STEEL In 1913 Russia occupied the fifth place in the world output of iron and steel. In 1931 the USSR is surpassing Great Britain and Germany, and in 1932 it will surpass France and occupy second place—next to the USA. Tsarist Russia produced in 1912, 3,500.000 tons of iron and 3,400,000 tons of steel. The Soviet Union produces in 1931, tons of iron and 8,800,000 tons of steel. 1932 it will produce 17 million tons of steel and an equal amount r?f iron. COAL In the output of coal Russia occupied in 1913 fifth Place in the world. In 1930 the USSR excelled France, in 1931 it reaches the level of Germany, and in 1932 it will occupy third place after the United States and Great Britain. 8 . 000.000 In OIL Jn 1912 tsarist Russia produced 9,100,000 In 1931 the USSR output is 27.600,000 tons. The Soviet Union has ried out its five-year tons of oil. car Program of oil pro duction in 2 1 2 years and is now occupying second place after the United States. Soviet output of oil is still increasing and nearing the first place in the world. ELECTRICITY In 1912 Russia produced 1,945 million kil owatts hours. In 1931 the USSR produces 12,700 million kilowatt hours and is about to occupy one of the leading positions in the world. AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY The USSR will occupy in 1932 the first place in the world in the production of ag w ricultural machinery, leaving the USA, Canada. France and Germany way behind. Twelve million unemployed, starvation wages for millions of employed, machine guns and tear gas for the Hunger March delegates, miserable slops unfit on slop lines in the industrial centers, Red Cross aid to farmers in the drouth stricken areas that is de signed to keep the families of the toiling farmers hungry, cattle starving because the federal emment refused relief to the farmers drouth stricken area, feverish preparations war for markets to dump the goods that the ploiled masses in the United States have prodne «d, need, and which are denied them. No intelligent person can deny that our capi talist system works better than any other system, which has ever been tried on a large scale." The Soviet Union covers on sixth of the earth's surface. In one sixth of the world there is no un employment, standards of living are rising weekly for the masses who produce, Socialism built. the gov in the for cx << is being In one-sixth of the world there is progress. In five-sixths of the world there is unemploy ment on a scale never before witnessed even un der capitalist exploitation and misery, standards of living of the vast mass of the population are falling to the point of destruction of the lives of millions. Capitalism is crumbling. In five-sixths of the world there is capitalist decay. the nudwest ^ local milk strikes ** spread as far and as fast as possible, although they are not "hopeless" as some comrades may lh " k ' The milk strike needs close. £tud >- ^ many respects it is sim-, da r to a worker's strike except 1 that when a ^ str ** * on farmers must continue to produce ^ due to ** fa <* that ?o ' milking cows suddenly will stop 1 tke natural flow for a year, A 1 milk strika is not a stoppage of! labor, it is a continuance of labor without compensation i of struggle, The Dairymen's League i middle farmers ganization led by iniyers an dpoliticians P S ' in the midst! is now a mass or a bunch of law- ! We must build, upon the rank and file, dis content, a militant movement, link ed up nationally with the United Farmers League, of committees of action under whatever name the farmers themselves propose, but in any event a rank and file organ of struggle totally different in structure than the Dairymen's League which neither In form nor ® policy any longer serve? the farmers but does serve the robbers °f the farmers. The demand for their own weighers and testers to check robbery by the companies is as logical as miners' demand tor check weighmen. And such [demands serve as the point around ^Tiile it does not eliminate the Solute necessity of farmers st ™ggi:ng against all the capital ^ robbers, it would help them if ^h the assistance of the city wor kers, these workers would build :the 'r own consumers' co-operative by C0 ~ 0pCr - a . ' th 016 sma11 d middle , f rdatl0ns .' But 11 must ! f™**. ^ kept in mind that( h «»-operatives of city work- ; !" are . b > ^ means a substitute p ® struggles for high-| f! farmers' co-operation 1 3 * md workers' , frs . co "°P era tives of the ,° e? solve all the prob- ' capitalist rihbery of all j long as this is under-j ! J»' «*»P«ration is, ' ! 3 T P ' U , aux Biary to the jfcSST g?k t0 <" eTthr ™ FWv •* v thTnlLr ? . 1 tl0n Slmilar ÂÂÏÏÂÏta of and how f % HOOVER S MESSAGE CContinued from Front Page) robber crew of "leading citizens" have deprived the millions of any but the most wretched slops in the way of "relief." Last winter hundreds of workers starved with the aid of your committees. This winter thousands are doomed to starvation. "Tb meet the emergencies in agriculture the loans authorized by Congress for rehabilitation in the drouth areas have enabled farmers to pmoduce abund ant crops in those districts. The Red Cross under took and magnificently administered relief fcr over 2,500,000 drouth sufferers last winter. It has under taken this year to administer relief to 100.000 suffer ers in the new drouth area of certain Northwest States. The loans authorized by congress for the drouth stricken areas. WHEN THEY ARE GRANTED IN FULL AND NOT OUTRIGHTL^ REFUSED OR CUT, are sufficient to keep the stock at about the same levels or slightly better than the farmers' families are maintained by the "magnificent" lief of the Red (Double) Cross cf which you, Hoover, are Honorary Chairman. In the areas where the farmers have produced "abundant crops" the crisis prices which have been manipulated with the aid of YOUR Farm Board, Hoover, did not allow them enough to live in other than misery during the coming winter. These farmers in the drouth 'stricken areas who are being aided by the "magnificent" relief of the Rea Cross know the humiliation that this relief means handed out by those to whom you are a tin god. This Red Cross which feels that a member of a farmer's family can be kept more cheaply than the Feed Loan Committee figures is neces sary to keep one head of stock. re « "The hanks in the south have cooperated with the Farm Board in creation of a pool for the better keting of accumulated cotton. Growers have been materially assisted by this action." Yes, you have cooperated with the bankers and the plan tation owners of the cotton South. You have cooperated in the exploitation of the Negro and white croppers and small land owners. The small farmers and croppers of the South who have produced so abundantly now' face starvation thru your cooperation with the land owners, the bankers and the speculators. "Constant effort has been made to reduce over-produc tion in relief of agriculture." IN RELIEF OF THE BANK ERS AND SPECULATORS. " tion of the toiling farmers. "I am opposed to any direct or indirect Government dole." Hoover brutally refuses immediate relief to the 12,000 000 ployed in the United States. They and their dependents starve as far as this agent of the bankers is concerned long as the bloody millions they have taken from the may be secure. While he brazenly refuses relief to the millions mar For the more intense exploita unem may so masses of un 'Mtclltj C UmtmcM Aiujcmtion fjrowi Ufmdm SaLm^ 'i vJK .v.yy ? a * . Y ; väj v WU'Si ■r 'OtS « » V'" ~X it»: 4 3VL r • " F Vi-1 I -A ♦ f * ♦ X i t&r. ;>* K*:*? % • * SfifKÜK m * L I » h «1 m si' K J PRINCE ALBERT IN ONE : »POUND HUMIDOR TIN m ill ONE POUND OF PRINCE ALBERT IN CRYSTAL GUSS HUMIDOR rim** rouK boxc* ° r 1 U I g m V. K K| V Sial *r If* CtTlWOS , m. I « is ■»i ■ mm CARTON CONTAIN1I PACKAGES OF 20 C EACH ? I T IS NOT the cost of the gift, but the thought that lies behind the giving that warms the cockles of the heart Christmas come both in attractive Christmas containing ten packages of twenty and in cartons containing four boxes of fifty each. For the man who smokes a pipe, we suggest either a pound tin or one of those crystal glass humidors of good old PRINCE ALBERT. Here is a present that goes straight as a Christmas carol to a man's heart; P.A., the best loved pipe tobacco in the world, all dressed for the in bright Christmas costume. What gift can you thiak of that will be more welcome or gi ve more genuine pleasure and satisfaction? Don't * Are you Listenin'?" R. J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO COMP*^'* COAST-TO-COAST RADIO PBOC^A■ , CAMEL QUARTER HOUR, Morton DowntyT 08 ' Wons,and Camel Orchestra, direction Renard, every night except Sunday, Coltiné Broadcasting System PRINCE ALBERT QUARTER BOTH, Ali« J*f* "Old Hunch," and Prince Albert Orcbe** direction Paul Van Loan, every Digit a<*r Sunday, N.B.CRed Network See radio page of local nerapaper for cartons on morning. Then, instead of some short-lived trinket, how much nicer to give something that w ill bring solace and delight for many days after the Christmas tree is gone; until the Ni ew \ ear is on its wav. For the cigarette smoker, man or w orn an, of course give Camels. A blend of choice sun-ripened Domestic tobaccos, they are kept fresh and prime by the Camel Humidor Pack, with their natural moisture unimpaired by parching or toasting. In appropriate holiday wrapping, Camels x occasion ir^GivE Camels! axd Turkish and mild. HINGE I xmLBERT# you hope someone-^will think of a friendly gift for such you? We wish yon Merry Chrism ; f R. J. REYNOLDS TOBACCO COMPANY. ^ fnsion-Salem* A. C. Co*** © 1931. R. J. Reynold* T^ a ' employed he proposes a Reconstruction Credit Corporation which is to give millions to the capitalists—to the railroads, to the bankers, to the factory owners, so that they may con tinue to pay out millions in interest and dividends to their stockholders and bondholders. THE HOOVER MESSAGE IS A MESSAGE OF HUN GER. IT BRUTALLY INSISTS THAT THE TOILING MASSES PAY FOR THIS CRISIS THRU YET GREATER MISERY, THRU GREATER SUFFERING. THE ANSWER OF THE TOILING MASSES MUST BE THE SMASHING DEMAND OF THE PROLETARIAN FIST OF THE TOIL ING MILLIONS THAT WILL POUND IMMEDIATE RE LIEF FROM THIS HUNGER BAND. CHINESE REVOLT (Continued from Front Page) has the economic crisis in Japan developed, however, during this time that these shipments of gold have been of no avail in prevent* ing the suspension of the gold standard. The suspension of the gold standard means a further intensi fication of the imperialists strug gle for the world markets and the 1 strengthening of the détermina tion of the Japanese and other im periaiist powers to solve the crisis by the attack on the Soviet Union, The Japanese capitalists feel that j if only war is declared their or ders will increase rapidly for ma terial to slaughter the workers and peasants of the Soviet Union and of the Soviet area of central The deeper the crisis in which , the capitalists find themselves the j more determined they are to find a j "solution" to the crisis by the de : struction of the only country in I the world where there is no crisis China. —the Soviet Union. -, . ~ ~- I Omaha Neb-Because he criti :ed the coffee at the Salvation;** I rommifw en Jy app f ared » I to î** 0 *® Mayor Metailf to petition for adequate unemploy-; ment relief, James MacDonald,; jobless for more than a year, was sentenced to 20 days in jail *by ; Judge Noble. y WORKERS GREET (Continued from Front Page) are overloading ourselves with <? ood food - Tbe more we eat, the better they like it. They give us sandwiches along to eat on the r °ad. Now we have a broken! spring. Some »topped at Jewish ball, others at the hmnish, and all are bragging about the treatment they have received by the workers * n Cleveland. Plowing with Horses It is a lovely day, nice and warm. The farmers are plowing with two horses and walking plows along the road on which we go. We had car trouble and got away from the caravan and had a fime finding it again after arriving in Toledo—a city of 200,000 with only four banks left. Where the city feed their poor on bread and beans, we were tak en and given a real good meal. If you are thankful for being handed out bread and beans day after i àay, bread and beans is all will get. The city you j of Toledo ; knew we were organized and de manded ^d n*ne is what **. A big meeting was held in the Auditorium. We slept there all night nice and warm . • * * •* , £ * San f* y ' }° ~~ lt 18 hard to ke€p track of 016 j December lg 1881 day.. Today i. Smd „ "> have not shaved, ft ; 7 a ®d j we leave Toledo but ,uSn during the day. ^ There are nurseries f n , along the road—acre aft** with evergreen and >. Speculators have laid sites along the roads and sold lots to the out V yea *> ^ water hydrants are * gS?' ^ here and there, but ho^ ? * m 4 About one o'clock we Detroit the city of where the local papers sSt ^ over 370,00« > where their next mea l * ' from; where 75.000 chüdrta"^ only getting one mea i _ •» where 80,000 people \J> fa homes last year. '•Sf Greeted By Workers Outside of the city We met by a lot of people who ed and greeted us and took Workers Home, where treated to coffee and sandwich Then for the big parade. We 8 er Marchers lined up fi rs ^ jv c £ me the \oung Pioneers—c 0me " tbem with very little clothes o° ^ut bow them youngsters ^ After the Pioneers comet* Unemployed Council and half do * en other organizations, all cJ r >'mg banners and all singing ft. marched to the big Auditor^» where delegates and other« t0 a Packed house of about Sjh people- The more radical the speakers were the louder the bit crowd applauded. After another long us* we coaÜ roarch *> arrived at the Finnish Hall, whtn a very good supper was [for us—soup, several khÜu*! meat, potatoes, beans coffee and cake, and Ms Î25 is called a hunger march, bat *. appreciate the treatment they rw us . P* w „ . , * . , s eep m the ?ymnau«a where * 15 warm a *d each one hi* a mattress to sleep on.