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_____ m Op^/P^L o r COUNTY EDITION THE PRODUCERS NEWS rr ' ' V Tim the Workers of the World Unite! United Farmers League gpWeekjy volume xiv. OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE IN THE NORTHWEST Price 10 Cents No. 41 ]Bnt«red as second Class Matter, Oc tober 18. 1918. at the i'oet offloe at Plentywood, Montana, Unde r the Act of March 3. 1874 PLENTYWOOD, MONTANA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1932 T Demonstrate In M asses Fe b. 4 for Immediate Relief RAID HALL IN PINEVILLE, KY. strike AREA RALLY BELIEF FOR MINERS' militant STRUGGLE ON MISERY and terror. p]NEVILLE, Ky., Jan. 4.—En rae ed at the rapid spread of the rtJfce of the Kentucky and Ten sse< miners against starvation, ie veral carloads of deputized coal company gun thugs made a sur jrije raid on the headquarters of the National Miners Union at 10 o'clock this morning and arrested everybody present. Smith, Daily Worker Venn itrike correspondent in the Ken tucky coal fields, was among those jailed. Others arrested are John Harvey, Vincent Kamenovich and Clarina Michaelson of the N. M. U„ Dorothy Ross, International Defense representative; Labor Am Barton, newspaper correspon dent; Norman Martins, and Mar guerite Fontaine, Workers Inter national representative, and Julia Parker, secretary. All are placed under $6,000 bond. County Judge George Van Beb t j and County Attorney Walter Smith are charging those arrested with criminal syndicalism. These are the same county officials who accused the Dreiser investigation committee of "criminal syndical ism" because they exposed the starvation and hunger of the Kentucky miners. The crimin al syndicalist law in Kentucky is now being used in an attempt to break the strike. Criminal syndi calism carries a penalty up to 25 Wm years. When the striking miners in the vicinity heard of this wholesale arrest and attempt to cripple the strike, 1,500 of them massed a ronnd the court house at 12:00 o' clock demanding the immediate re lease of the arrested workers. Expect 5,000 at Court House. A hearing has been set for one o'clock tomorrow. The miners are rallying all their forces in the vi cinity for a huge demonstration against the coal operators and their gun thugs and to demand the immediate release of the National Miners Union leaders. Five thous and miners are. expected to demon strate at the court house tomor row. Warrants are issued for Joe Weber and Frank Borich, leaders ol the National Miners Union. Every workers' organization thruout the country should imme I diately wire its protest against i this savage raid on the National I Miners Union in Kentucky and de I nand the immediate release of I these workers. Wires of protest I should be sent to the Governor of I Kentucky, to the Sheriff of Bell I County, Kentucky, to the Sheriff I of Harlan County, Kentucky; to I W. A. Brock, Commonwealth at I torney, Harlan, Ky. Mobilize be I hind the Kentucky I struggle against starvation I and terrorism! Protest the arrest s their leaders! Smash the Ken I toeky terror! Back the miners in I their strike! miners and Strike Growing! The strike has been spreading rapidly. Over 10,000 are now out, it is this fact that drove the desperate coal operators to order tije:r deputy gun thugs to raid the N. M. U. headquarters. Details of the mines out are not available because the office is now ® the hands of the gun thugs. mine previously out is still °u strike. In those mines where part of the miners out, the ? hike now is 100 p. c. New mines are constantly coming out. The * c >ous raid will not stop the strike. The response of the min *[* w ^ose leaders had been jailed * owed that the strike will «nue and spread. All relief funds are tied up at p Western Union office. Because of the con arrest of the Workers In ornatioual Relief representative, e Western Union office is not landing over the relief funds. This 'now* t ? more than ever that more lV be rushed immediate ^ for strike relief to the Workers p mational Relief. 16 W. 21st J?» York. N. Y. Pood and Jlothmg should be ? to the sent immediate Workers International Pi «eville^Kj° UR€ 146 Hne StTeet Relief SOUND FILMS UNION IN SOVIET a " 86fl0# moving picture s I« the Soviet Union are be i . e ««'pped with . Several j lT1 £ fii m ^ to be Nr sound appara new factories for equipment are report ««der construction. OWEN D. YOUNG W v A. \Smk i iV e 'ft 4vj 8 \ On the Hoover-Gifford Emer gency Unemployment Relief Commit tee. Chairman of the General Elec tric Co., author of the Young Plan which is now squeezing billions of dollars tribute out of 60 million German workers. WANT RELIEF FOR MINNESOTA RURAL CREDITS BUREAU ADMIT SHAKY OUTFIT HAS ROBBED FARMERS THRU HIGH INTEREST RATES In order to try to prevent the collapse of the Minnesota Rural Credits Bureau the officials of the Bureau have sent telegrams to Senator Shipstead and to Repre sentatives Kvale and Goodwin urg ing them to fight for the taking over of the loans of the Rural Credits Bureau by the federal government. This is the program that the Farmer-Labor-faker Gov ernor Olson has been preaching for some time in order to fool the farmers about the way in they have been robbed by the Credit Bureau and in order to hide the very shaky position in which the bureau now finds itself. They state that the Rural Cred its Bureau now has 10,000 loans to farmers outstanding. Such a large percentage of these are not paying their installments and in terest that the Bureau is becom ing weaker and weaker. In telegrams which they sent to tne congressional fakers they state that salvaging of the Rur al Credits Bureau ought to come under the Hoover Reconstruc tion Finance Corporation which is preparing to loan millions of dol lars to the bankers and railroad magnates in order that they can avoid bankruptcy and so that they continue to pay their stock holders dividends. ADMIT ROBBER INTEREST RATES . which can "This would enable tbe bureau to reduce interest rates and pro vide vital relief not only to its 10,000 borrowers, but indl own rectly to all fanners in the state. This is an open admission by the Rural Credits Bureau that the the farmers -have been robbed continuously by the high interest rates of the Bureau. The Minnesota Union Advocate in commenting on the telegrams of the Olson agents admits this robbery. It said that if the feder yy al government would finance the bankrupt Credits Bureau it would drastic cut in interest overburdened « mean a rates farmers of the state." The telegram whoch was to Goodwin said that if this pro posal were adopted it would be "of bentfit to agriculture." The that the U the for 99 sent 99 benefit of agriculture Olson gang hopes to achieve is to have the federal government take (< CONFERENCES IN NORTH RALLY BEHIND PRODUCERS NEWS Farmers Will Demonstrate With Unemployed In Minot In Huge Meeting on Feb. 4 for Immediate Relief. By E. R. Bloor. 31.— We series of Minot, N. D., Dec. have held two of our United Farmers League county conferences this week. At the court house in Stanley, Axel Starr, county organizer of Mountrail county, acted as chair* Arvo Husa is county sec All members of the coun present with two who man. retary. ty committee were the exception of one sent word that "scarcity of gaso line" prevented their attendance. The state organizer reported three new, strong, county orgamrations —in Divide county, E. L. Fergu son, county organizer; Dickey county, B. J. Holland of Forbes. or U. F. L RALLIES TOILING FARM MASSES FOR HUGE PROTESTS * On December 7the Hunger Marchers appeared in Washington to present their demands to Con gress. On February 4 the masses of workers and farmers who sent these delegates to Wahington will demonstrate in their cities and towns and demand millions strong that the capitalist class disgorge part of its bloody profits for the relief of the un employed workers and destitute farmers. When Hans Rasmussen went thru to Washing ton the workers in the big cities told him that they were solidly with the small and middle farmers in the struggle for relief. Hans and the other farm er delegates brought to them the message of soli darity of the toiling masses with the workers in the cities in the struggle against hunger. The demonstrations on February 4 must be greater demonstrations of this solidarity of the small and middle farmers, the exploited farm mass es, with the toiling masses in the cities. The dem onstrations of February 4 will be demonstrations not only for immediate relief for the unemployed workers, but will be demonstrations against evic tions of toiling farmers from their land, against the attempts on the part of the Wall Street gov ernment to press robber interest and taxes from the farmers. The local sections of the United Farmers COMMISSIONERS REFUSE TO FIRE STOOL PIGEON COUNTY AGENT United Farmers League Will Rally All Farmers In Sheri dan County to Clean Out Vicious Enemy. Plentywood, Jan. 6.— Tuesday was another big day in Plenty wood. Farmers fro mall over the county appeared before the county commissioners with petitions de manding the county agent be fired at once. The commissioners' room was too small so the meeting was held in the court room. Only a few days before this meeting petitions had been sent out and circulated. In this short time 539 names had been secured. Thousands more would have sign ed had there been time to do so. The farmers want te get rid of the county agent. Not only do they want to get rid of him in or der to save the county the four or five thousand dollars per year. That money will be eaten up by the rest of the county officials anyway. The county is broke and the bunch are going to eat up ev erything in sight. The main reason the farmers want to giet rid of County Agent Ferguson at once is because they have found out he is nothing but a stool pigeon for the mainstreet era and instead of helping the farmers he is actually and wilful 1 ly doing them harm. He has been writing letters to the Grand Forks office telling them to be sure and not let any farmer know why hils federal feed loan has been turned down. Never before did the farm ers know what an important role the county agent played. Now they want to get rid of him and there doesn't seem to be any fool ing about it as far as the farm ers are concerned. Somebody had wired for help Whether the Hoover government over this bankrupt outfit, gives the Rural Credits Bureau relief or not it will not be for any the benefit of the toiling farmers but to prevent the financial weak- , ening of the bankers of the state - „„„ta county organizer; Ward county, Henry Kabanuk, county organizerJipHH Many new township committees also reported formed. were The main order of business special campaign for the Many mem was a Producers News, bers pledged themselves to se cure one or more subscriptions in the next two weeks. One ar dent worker for the Producers News, Louis Wallin, pledged to get ten subscriptions. This in spired a neighboring farmer, Carl Husa of Van Hook who pledged that if he could get subscription book he to beat the goal of hold of a would try (Continued on P»*e Two) and at the meeting appeared a lawyer from Grand Forks—very likely paid for by the cqunty. He, was there to defend the county agent. For a lawyer of his ability handling a bunch of farmers would be child's play. That is probably what he thought when he came but you should have seen him by the time the farmers got thru with him. There was not much left, and he is going back to Grand Forks with his tail feathers dragging. He found out a few things he did not know be fore and afterwards he told the , , , commlttee he was sorr ï he The sheriff with all his deputies was there. L. S. Olsen was tak ing notes for a paper that nobody reads. Lars Angvick state sena tor tried one of his "be fair" talks in favor of the county agent and so did Carl Holje, the hardware merchant from Reserve, but the crowd did not want to listen. They practically told them to shut up. The same thing they did to Frank French chairman of the board of county commissioners, when he started on a long lingo, as he us ually docs, talking around and a round just to kill time. Commissioner Hansen made the motion that the county agent be fired at once and used as his ar gument that practically every farmer he had come in contact with had insisted on getting him fired. The other two commission ers squirmed and squirmed. They knew well enough the farmers wanted to get rid of the agent. They were begging for time, farmers to If go home, tomorrow they would decide. Anker, one of them, had to find out from his Mamma; French, the other one, from some one else. They were a sorry sight. The commissioners retired to their room to talk it over among themselves, crowd was told about the Hunger March by Hans Rasmussen. The farmers left the courthouse without any result. They went to the county agent's office and de manded his resignation—they fill" (Continued cn Page Two) While waiting the DAKOTA_ Metal Mining District Convention ÇqH of NqÜOUqI MitlCTS LJniOH The fourth District Convention of the National Miners Union of the Metal Mining District will be held on January 30th and 31st. time when the bosses are doing every thing to solve the crisis at the expense of the miners. The Convention will have as its tasks to strengthen the National Miners Union, establish a broad leadership and prepare the union to lead thousands of the employed and unemployed miners. We call upon every local union and every branch of the Auxiliary; we call upon all working-class mass organizations to elect delegates to the fourth District Convention of the N. M. U. Metal Mining Dis trict! Defeat the terror of the Steel and Copper Trust and their spies! Demand the release of all arrested miners in Penn., Ohio, West Va., and Kentucky! A local union of the N. M. U. into every mine! Elect delegates to the Convention! THE DIST. BOARD OF N. M. Ü. METAL MINING DIST. Concerning all information write to Boy 212, Ironwood, Mich. ■■ The Convention oomes at a League have the responsibility of leading the farm ers in these demonstrations. Large masses of farmers must be rallied to participate in the dem onstrations in the cities near to their farms. Where this ils impossible the locals of the United Farmers League must see to it that these farmers are rep resented by a number of delegates who will dem onstrate with the unemployed workers in the de mand for relief. The preparations for participation in the February 4th demonstrations must be utilized to the fullest extent possible for the building of the United Farmers League into a mass organization of the small and middle farmers. We must in these preparations bring to these farmers the message of organization. The demonstrations a gainst the Hunger Program of Hoover can win relief if the toiling masses are solidly organized. Relief for the toiling farmers can be achieved on ly if they are organized in the United Farmers League. ON TO FEBRUARY 4th. Rally the millions of farmers to participate with the city workers in the demands for relief. Build the United Farm ers League, which will lead the farmers in these demonstrations. ALL BANKS BUT ONE HAVE FAILED IN CITY OF GARY, INDIANA Gary, Ind., Jan. 6.—The city of Gary found itself tonight with only one bank still doing business. The next to last bank in the city closed today because of a run. It was the First National, a $4,600, 000 institution. President P. R. Schaaf predicted it would be re opened within a week. Bank runs started in the Calu met district of Indiana last week. On Saturday, the last bank in nearby Hammond, a city of 64,000 persons, was closed, making Ham mond probably the only city in America of that size without a single banking institution. Monday the National Bank of America closed here. That left only the First National and Gary State.! When the First National closed at 1:30 p. m. today, only the Gary State was left. Failure of banks in the small rural and industrial district con tinue to be reported from all sec tions of the country. The First National Bank of Mount Olive and the Citizen's Bank of Mount Olive, North Caro lina were closed December 28 as did the Wayne National Bank of Goldsboro and the Banke of Pike ville. The Planters' Bank of Wil son and the Bank of Goldston were to be closed December 29, All banks are located in Wayne SMALL BANKS ARE LOOTS) BANK FAILURES CONTINUE DESPITE CREDIT POOL county. The Matawan Bank of Mata wan, N. J., near Trenton, with de posits of over a million dollars was closed by the state depart ment of banking at the request of ! its vice president because of the state of its affairs. ■ The Bank of North Hempstead, Port Washington, L. I., near New York was closed by Broderick, the state superintendent of banking of New York. Deposits at the time of the closing of the bank stood at two million dollars. WALTER S. GIFFORD i m mSSkt President of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. with its 22 subsidiaries, which recently cut the wages of its workers in the Bell Telephone Laboratory 13 percent; present ed gold telephones to the Pope and the King of Siam; director of the First National Bank of New Yiork; director of the U. S. Steel Corp., which cut wages of ills workers ten percent on October 1, and recently made a member of the finance commit tee. Gifford was named by Gir ard as one of the 59 rulers of America. FARMERS RUINED BY FARM BOARD DEBTS DRIVE FLORIDA FRUIT GROWERS OFF THE LAND Steffner, Fla.— We note in our capitalistic press all kinds of stor ies about slave labor in Soviet Russia. But nothing is said about the slave labor of the farmers and growers in the U. S. A. As a grower and farmer in Florida I will give a few high lights on how we are swindled by the dealers, who are backed by our Washington government. It cost the gowers at least one dol lar a box of 16 oz. to produce or anges. The fruit is sent to so called houses to be packed and shipped to the northern markets, and is sold at auction to commission men up north at any price this gang of cut-throats are willing to pay; and in most cases it doesn't bring freight and charges, and a bill is sent to the growers for expenses. This system has been going on for over 20 years. The U. S. farm board is furnish ing this "co-operative" association with money to lend to the farm ers then takes a mortgage on the farm, altogether with an ironclad contract to market the grower's fruit. Now as the grower can get nothing for his fruit to pay his note this contract is in force in definitely and the growers eventu ally lose their farms. This same fruit for which the growers get nothing is generally sold for 60 to 80 cents a dozen or about ten to twelve dollars a hex retail. The dealers take it all. The growers and farmers in the U. S. are absolutely slaves to the dealers. Of course that is in the U.S.A. and not in Soviet Russia, co-operative" packing Winnipeg, Man., Dec. 31.— To bind together light wind-blown surface soil, crested wheat grass imported from the Russian plains is being introduced after experi ments conducted over a period of 16 years have shown its value. At least 400 farmers will sow the seed in 1932. More Soviet Dumping NAVY MANEUVERS IN PACIFIC PREPARE FOR ATTACK ON USSR Capitalist Press Talks of "Defense" Preparations to Hide Wall Street Plans for War The west coast of the United j They are preparations of all of States will be "attacked" early the armed forces of the United next spring by a portion of the ; States for imperialist war in the Wall Street navy, which will op- j Pacific. pose in maneuvers another part ! Other operations of the fleet of the fleet in an attempt to gain a foothold on the west coast, the navy department announced Dec. during the first half of 1931, ac cording to the department will en tail joint army and navy exercis with the battle force partici paring off Hawaii, and a fleet con centration and tactical exercises In the I the San Pedro-San Diego area to Operating schedules for the Pacific and in China, and for the fleet from Jan. 1 to June 30, 1932, attack on the Soviet Union for ! as announced, provide in addition which the Japanese are preparing!to regular training, for: the base of attack in Manchuria. A joint army and navy "exer These are maneuvers not only of cise" with the battle force partici the navy but of the army as well. 27. es, These naval maneuvers are part of the preparations for the next imperialist slaughter, for struggle with the other imperialist be concluded in May. rivals of the United States in the (Continued on Page twe) To the Toilers and Gov ernments of the World MANIFESTO OF THE PROVISIONAL GOVERN MENT OF THE SOVIET REPUBUC OF CHINA For the first time the Provision al Government of the Soviet Re public of China is formally set up jin Kiangsi province on Nov. 7, 1931, anniversary of the October revolution of the Soviet Union. It j is a governing machinery entirely in the hands of the workers, peas ants, soldiers and all toilers of China, replacing as it does the im perialist - Kuomingtang-landlord - bourgeois regime in the territory where it comes to power. The provincial government of the Soviet Republic of China will continue its efforts in calling and organizing the toilers of the en tire country to smash said regime in its entirety. It formaly declar es its heartiest friedship to, and PUSH ATTACK ON CHINESE MASS REVOLT STIMSON DECLARES ATTACK ON U. S. CONSUL IS NOT YET CLOSED. In order to prepare a united front against the Soviet Union and to halt the Japanese imperial ist forces who have moved south and have captured Chinchow, Sec retary Stimson has been meeting with the French and British Am bassadors. The capitalist re ports that the meeting was held for the p in the fi their interests. >ose of "preventing war east and to protect As long as the Japanese invaders were proceed ing toward the Soviet frontier in Manchuria the other imperialist rivals did not worry about "pre-i venting war in the far east." They were backing up Japan in the pre parations for the attack on the Soviet Union. The most recent moves of the Japanese invaders bring them into the territory which is controlled by Wall Street. Several days ago an American consular official in China, Cham berlain, was beaten by Japanese troops in Manchuria looking out for the interests of Wall Street The Japanese imperialists "apolo gized Chamberlain could not treat the Japanese troops as he was used to treating the Wall Street agents in Chinese government. United States Department has de clared that the incident "is not closed." The capitalist press reports that The western world has become aroused, not only over the reported march of Japanese troops toward China proper, after taking Chin chow, but also over what appears to be serious unrest throughout the far east. "In addition to the Harbin riot, the state department late today' was informed by the American le gation at Peiping that a Chinese mob at Foochow attacked the cap tain and commander of a Japanese naval vessel last Saturday night. with the remark that The the « Japanese were anti-Japanese demonstrations in a local park. So great was the fear for their safety that Chinese au thorities took them to the bureau of public safety, explaining it was unsafe for them to return to the Japanese consulate. Mass Resistance Grows The imperialist powers are wor ried about the mas* resistance yy (Continued on last Page) have formed a government of their own. It aims at crushing the rule of world imperialism by alliance with, the Soviet Union, the sole country in the world where the workers and peasants fighting hand in hand with the op pressed masses of the whole world and it will fight bitterly against the exploitation of the colonial and semi-colonial countries by im perialism, but strongly in favor of thorough-going national self de termination. ABROGATION OF UNEQUAL TREATIES To toilers and governments thruout the world the provisional government of the Soviet Republic of China deems it necessary to de" dare its stand in following mat ters. The immediate abrogation of all unequal treaties concluded be tween the imperialist countries and the landlord-bourgeoisie gov ernment of China, the repudiation of all foreign debts contracted by the ruling class of China for the I suppression of the mass move ment and the massacre of the masses, the unconditional rendi tion of all foreign settlements, concessions and leased territories now under control of the imperial" ists, the immediate withdrawal of all imperialist land, air and naval forces from Chinese soil, last but j . ^portant of all, the confis cation of a11 imperialist banks, factories, mines and communica tion-transportation enterprises lo cated in China as the most effect ive measure to destroy tht imper ialist domination, root and branch. Furthermore, the Provisional government of the Soviet Repub lic of China declares that it will under no condition remain content with the overthrow of imperialism in China, but, on the contrary, will aid as its ultimate objective in waging a war against world imperialism until the latter is all blown up. But for the time being the Pro visional government of the Soviet Republic of China raises no objec tion to the conclusion of treaties , , , _ ba818 »* complete equality. The nationals of such countries domi with imperialist countries on the ciled in the Soviet territory may enjoy liberty and freedom in car rying on trade, commerce and in dustry, provided they do not run counter to the Soviet laws. The Provisional government of the Soviet Republic of China however makes it very clear that actions on the part of foreign nationals in violation of the Soviet law«, whatever be the forms they as sume, will positively lead to for feiture of all liberty accorded to them and of all property in their possession. In view of the fact that the ob ject of secret diplomacy as prac ticed by the imperialist countries in their relation to the colonial and semi-colonial landlord bour gois states has been and is merely to deceive the proletariat in the capitalist countries and to exploit the masses of the colonies and semi-colonies, the Provisional gov of the Soviet Republic of China takes strong exception to the conduct of negotiations behind closed doors and will insist on the principle of open diplomacy. It will carry on its foreign re> lations under the surveillance and with the support of the toilers of China as well as in other parts of the world. It will expose all the secret agreements signed by the landlord-bourgois governments of China with the imperialist coun tries. The Provisional government of the Soviet Republic of China now calls upon the toilers of the whole world to defend the only revolu tionary worker - peasant - soldier government of China, to smash the exploiting world-capitalism on a united front with their brothers and sisters, to set out on the so cialist path opened to us by the workers and peasants of the So viet Union. The Provisional government of the'Soviet Republic of China em phatically declares that it vigor ously opposes a new world war and militarist wars in China. This Provisional government recognizes that if the rule of imperialism and Kuomintang is not overthrown the real peace never will succeed, and i therefore, calls upon the toilers of the whole world to rise: Utilize the revolutionary civil war to ex tinguish the reactionary ones and fight for the world peace! - OF THE SOVIET REPUBLIC, PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT OF CHINA.