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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, February 19, 1932, COUNTY EDITION, Image 1

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HELSKa, «ont.
OF MONTANA*
HELENA.
COUNTY EDITION
THE PRODUCERS NEWS
r.et Subscriptions
° Your Fighting
Among Your
Neighbors
Join the
United Farmers
League
For
Organ
Farmer
Published Weekly
yfflTxlV. No~4T
Price 10 Cents
_ OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE' UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE _
PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1932.
Entered as second Class Matter, October It. If 11, at the Post
office at Plentywood, Montana. Under the Act of March S. 1SXS
Kentucky Thugs Murder Organizer
FARMERS OF AITKIN COUNTY
MUST FIGHT FOR AN EXISTENCE
Charles E. Taylor Exposes Misery Forced on the Toiling
Fanners Through High Taxes
By SHORTY
Tamarack, Minn., Feb. 13.—This
is the first time 1 believe that an
Stiele has appeared in the Pro-1
/•nrers News from this locality so
I will attempt to report on the ac
tivitie? and conditions of our coun
ty.
Bark in 1921 wo moved from the
2 Aitkin county—to this
of Tamarack and have wit
ro , . IL.,
"® fd the many changea tha
have taken place u> that shorty
prricil o imo.
1{>21 was the time of the big
land boom when we paid $50 an
fer our land and some paid
than that. I m referr
on improved land and taxes on
unimproved land according to val
It was not long, however, be
acre
even more
ing to Aitkin county where so
many farmers moved to during
the land boom. Taxes were then
from 50 cents to 75 cents an acre
ue.
fore land prices began to drop
and taxes started to go up until er
the taxes are from one dol- j
!ar to whatever the flunkies feel
!
new
like levying per acr*
Former Senator Charles E. Tay- j
lor. of Montana, spoke under the 1
auspices of the United Farmers)
Leasnm abeut two weeks ago and
explained t« us a few facts about
our taxes being so high and why
His speech was very interesting j
and educational. During his three j
hour speech the audience listened 1
very attentivly and I'm quite sure j
they enjoyed it.
Widespread Tax Delinquency
1
Comrade Taylor had a map of
Aitkin county which was marked U
in red on territories where the !
taxes are delinquent and fully 90
per cent of the map was red,
which just gees to show where we
farmers are headed for if we don't
The U.P.L.
act and act at once,
is the farmers own organization
and thru it we can fight against
the capitalists. Build a strong
UFL in your community.
The means of livelihood of the
Aitkin county fanners have been
mostly from cutting and selling j
timber products, up until about
foim or five years ago, when tim
ber got scarce and they could not
dispose ef what little was left.
Then dairying was looked upon |
to fare a living. Farmers bought!
cow.-* for as much as $150 per j
head, a huge price no doubt, but
tLr butWfnt sold at an average |
of about 45 cents per pound, so of I
ron,!! this kind of evened things
up.
Farmers Barely Existing
But are we farmers ahead as we
expected to he? No, of course',
not, and never will be if we don't
sit up and take notice. We now
try to make a living selling but
. . , . . , j
l' !: ' f " 1° , r< Tn S " f
for about 10 or 12 cente »
,,z,n ami "hat a living. Liv ng .
No! Barely existai* that! all
Jes if you want to keep up thio
m„, ol depression just listen eo,
»I Hooey Hoover with h>
Hooey Hoover with h> Hi..j
of relief and I'm sure you 11
r regret it. .
Ho will do the best fhn>K by,
you, increase your taxes, lower
your wages and give you a nice
Place in the army to be killed or
to kill your comrades in the fight
for more bloody profit.
We all know or at least should
know that France, England, Unit
*d States and other imperialist
countries are sending their sup-1
Plies of arms, ammunition and
other means of warfare to China
in preparation for another world
war, and not just to protect their
people in the International terri
tory.
This hurried preparation is sole
ly aimed against the Soviet Un
ion because Russia has a govern
meet for the people and by the
peonle milc f u ...Vmi $*. $<>
Had'cgg"" IflmMrial
epg in the nest of Imperial
The U P T n militant or
i the
m 'i .T
pressor of the farmer, and work
Build tbe UFL
Ba üd up the U. P. L. and fight
. your rights. We all have a
nght to live and in order to live
w * must have food, clothing and
•heiter, F0 FIGHT for it and do
no J he a lamb and bleat for it!
1 want to stress especially upon
1 .Tiurack farmers to start a UFL
. j your village right away
nd build It Into a strong organi
ution a* we have been inactive
W enough.
ists.
ers.
for
BUILDING UFL IN
PHILLIPS, WISC.
FARMERS MUST UNITE TO
COMBAT OPPRESSORS.
Phl ">P 5 ' Wls ( - f™- 30 - ~ We
^vo at prenont only one orgnn.za
t,on that '" 11 *>« the Jf" 1 ™" a
very square deal — the United
t^ u , ^ a „
farmcra wouU
join this organ
ization. Let us all be in this or
g an j za tion, formed in one ideal
and ma ]ç e them listen to our law
demands. I do not see why
^he f arr q ers should not have the
same lights and privileges under
the constitution and laws of our
federal and state governments as
are granted to people in other
ji n ^ s 0 f business and industry.
that there is a very well
organized opposition to this idea
0 f f armers having the same rights
and privileges as are granted oth
er py 0 p] e>
It was decided that the meeting
is 1 of the UFL should be held every
(being used by the big business two weeks. The next meeting will
concerns who handle and distrib- be held at the Ingerson farm, Feb.
23, at 7:30 p. m, Russell Jensen
was elected permanent secretary
of the UFL.
Fletcher Ingerson gave a talk
on the war situation in China and
Nels Paulson talked on the Hun
ger March held in Los Angeles in j
January. It was decided that ev-1
eryone at the next "jeeting be,
prepared to speak onthe foWovr
teg subjects: the strike of the
Kentucky Miners, the United Far
me " ï*»™« " the •°^> a,ld th '
aouth, bank failure!, the Soviet
F've Year Ptan. the conecüve
farms m the Soviet Union the
present session of
taxpayers convention, the depor
tation of Simon Swanson of Plen
tywood, the editorials in the Bow
bells Tribune, and the feed and
own fault. seed loans. There will be a^de
The farmers must wake up to bate in the next meeting on re
the fact that this is a real fight solved that unemployment
and there are real problems in- ance is possible and a benefit.
great Reuben Christianson and Ernest
Potter will have the negative and
It seems to me that it is time Nels Nelson and Fletcher Inger
(Continued on Page Two) son will have the affirmative.
so.
Enough influence has and
ute farm products, and who are
under the present system receiv
ing all or even more than all of
the earnings and profits of the.
farmers. We are determined to
organize the farmers in one solid
body sufficiently so that they can
by their united efforts put them
selves in a position to demano
their rights.
I believe that we must organize
and co-operate in order to get
some 0 f ^ b e much needed reforms.
U rec ogniz€ that there is a figh*
! on j n this country to see whether
the ma j or ity of the people will be
ab j e a square deal, and I
father believe that if they do not
put themselves in position to get
a S q Uare deal, by joining the U.
F. L. that it will be largely their
j deak
|
j
|
I
Mass Action of Farmers Forces County Supervisors la
Make Demand for Relief.
volved. It may
mean a
Ü.F.L DEMANDS FOREdOSURES
BY FARM LOAN ASS'N BE STOPPED
j
L'Anse, Mich., Feb. 9.—At 10:30
30 the
in the morning of Jan.
I courtroom of the Baraga county
(court house was full of small
j 1 farmers and unemployed workers.
f (After holding local farmers' mcct
» . thnlout thc cou „ ty the {arm .
. dccidcd t „ take the decisions
meetings ta the county su
, , and ut thc heads of
eo, PJ t<> a ^ see if they
of
ca „ y thr u their boast of
.. wh ', elwartcd | y with the
farmers" as one supervisor stated
thi , very meelto g.
*
The large crowd o aimers
waited over an hour before the
"worthy" officials appeared on the
scene, with a loo 0 8 P 8 ®. ?
their well groomed facet. Altho
a letter was sent by
Farmers League committee sever
al days before asking or a ®
ferenc* oî t*™*™™* Z ZTZ
° r8 to begin at * .
the county o *
nearly an hour and a half late It
appears that they are a y
except on pay day.
The discussion ^
Comrade Koine and«» resolution
was read which cnea
discussion as to wrong nscofthe
county fund». Hero »gain the fact
«« proven that the Baraga town
supervisor wasn't late on pay
day. The farmers had proof that
this gentieman had charged $20«
Mlch r. a 600 mile trip, one
Mich, fanout^ ^ ^ ^
the farmers they were "narrow
minded" to bring up such "»ocon
dary" matters. It was pointed
' out that this was only one case
of graft that came to light by ac
ddent. How many have been
hushed up we don't know.
Force Official» to Paao Resolution
Stopping of foreclosure smes
were discussed with a result that
the officials were compelled to
draw up their own resolution aa
Ing the Federal Pam» Loan Aa»o
'elation to send their representa
J Child Murdered By
Maddened Mothei |
Akron, O. —Mrs. Annie Bén
kx* 43, hysterical at the birth otf
her ninth child, flung the 2-day
old infant into a blazing furn
ace at her home today.
It was believed she became
distracted at the prospect of
feeding one more mouth in the
large family. Her husband,
George, is a rubber worker, em
ployed dnly part time. She was
placed under police guard.
NORTH DAKOTA UFL
LOCAL WILL STAGE
DEBATE ON RELIEF
COMMITTEE OF ACTION IS
ELECTED AND PERMANENT
Flaxton, North Dakota, Febru
ary 15.—A regular meeting of the
United Farmers League was held
here February 9th. A Committee
of Action was elected consisting
of Fletcher Ingerson, John Paul
son, William Kohl, Russell Jen
sen and Rueben Christensen. For
the time being this committee is
to act as the social committee al
SECRETARY NAMED.
tive here to take it up with
farmers, saying that the farmers
are in such an economic condition
that they are unable to meet their
payments and that they demand
postponement of payments until
they are able to pay, etc.
This resolution which was pass
ed unanimously by the Baraga
(Continued on Page Two)
FARMERS INSTITUTE RACKET IN OHIO
j n Salem, Ohio.
the closing seasion bnt I got quite
reliable report». For instance, I
a8 ited a farmer who had attended
o, the sessio^ whetaer he
replied. "1 learned that a farmers'
^ ^ with
out once touching upon^ » Kln P- r
problem of the farmer.
By JOHN MARSHALL
Farmers thruout Ohio and other
states of this section are now be
ing treated to a species of enter
tainment and "education" known
"Farmers Institute,"
Once a year in every community
where the institute» are held there
is a program of a few days of
cheap entertainment and speeches
by local, state and national farm
leaders. This program of two or
three days constiutes a year's "ed
ucation" for each community serv

ed.
Last week an institute was held
I attended only
ho
BUSINESS BURE AU BACKS
INSTITUTE
The last session, held on Thurs
day, January 28, serves to show
the character and purpose of the
whole affair. This session was
held under the auspices of the
Salsm Better Business Bureau
which help» to finance the whole
affair.
' Th« chairman of the farmers'
JAPANESE PREPARE FOR EARLY
DRIVE ON CHINESE SOVIETS
Thousands of Soldiers, Heavy Artillery Unloaded In
Shanghai for Intensified Attack on Chapci
The Japanese are rushing more troops to China. The Japanese Ad
miral Nomura at Shanghai yesterday restated the Japanese intentions
to push up the Yangste River. This, together with the huge army be
ing sent to China, means that the Japanese are preparing for an early
drive against the Chinese Red Army and the Chinese Soviet Republic.
Japanese, United States
British warships are already bom
barding positions of the Chinese
Red Army on, the Yangtze River,
The workers of the United States
must rally in a tremendous United
Front mass movement to the de
' fense of the Chinese masses and
I
their Chinese Soviet Republic.
| In preparation for the intens
ified attack on the Chapei district
{of Shanghai the Japanese are un
loading thousands of soldiers and
heavy armaments into Shanghai.
Heavy artillery and tanks have
been brought into position to re
sume the murderous attack which
in the past two weeks has caused
the slaughter of thousands of,
(Chinese workers and their
lies.
; The intensified attack on Shang
,hai is due in part ta the advances'
made by the Red armies in central
China. The Japanese are aware
0 f the rise of the masses against
their bloody invasion and are at
tempting, by the crushing of the
Resistance of the masses in Shang
|hai, to curb the militancy of the
masses thruout the country. They
want to crush the militancy of the
masses by the policy of brutal
slaughter.
The ac ti ons of the imperialists
in shanghai proves that they too
realiaa the danfÇ er to their in*er
ests of the rise of the Chinese
massei . During the whole course 1
"f the bombardment of Shanphw
the Japanese have been using the
, ntcrnati() „ al Settlemen i as a
base . While the Japaneae could
use the Settlement as a base the
M]dfe „ of the United States,
Gr€at Brita in and of the other im
p^lists were prepared to fire on I
R bem ^ bey p ursued ^he Japanese
tbe settlement or if they used '
tbe Settlement as a battle field as '
the Jaapncse were doing. The only
ac ti on 0 f the imperialists has been
: tbe send i n g 0 f hypocritical notes
t0 Ja[)an which t V latter hms
j aTlsW€red by obvious and brazen
1 lies .
I The imperialists are willing that!out
the Japanese should use the In
ternational Settlement as a base
for military action if they will
Workers! Prevent the shipment
of munitions to the Far East! De
there be no illusions, war is on
j already. War means increased
tho'misery to the working class!
will be fought at the expense of
our life-blood !
j n £ the city in defiance of Chiang
Kai Shek and the Kuomintang
continue to hold their lines intact,
against the combined naval
military forces of the Japanese*.
"^ t ^ th J^* 1 < ^ n iir r ui
crush the Chinese masses.
It
The Chinese soldiers are defend
The United States and British are
committee opened the meeting
thanked the various business men
and associations who furnished
the cash to make the affair a sue
Chief among these were
Thus did
cess.
the Salem Better Business Bureau
and the Manufacturer's Associa
tion "without whose financial as
sistance this institute would not
have been possible,
the chairman openly reveal the un
holy alliance between farm "lead
er" and labor exploiter. Did these
'gentlemen who furnished the mon
ey get anything for their invest
ment? I believe they came as
near getting their money's worth
as they could expect.
The Business Bureau chairman
who was introduced by the Insti
tute chairman gave a talk on
"community building," calculated
of course to prove that the inter
ests of the farmer and business
man are the same.
FLAG WAVING PATRIOT
Dr. Mary Anderson, a profes
sional Institute lecturer gave a
talk on the flag, emphasizing that
it has "always been right,
failed to mention how the flag is
floating over the American ma
rines now engaged in shoot Nicar
aguan peasants, or how the same
flag is floating over American
battleships now engaged In pro
tecting the property of American
millionaires in China against both
She
ff
and*——
1
Clearwater County
U. F. L. Continues to
Gain New Members
Bagley, Minn., Feb. 8.—The
I United Farmers League is getting
many members here in Clearwater
County. The Farm Bureau and,
the Farmer Labor Party are show
ing that they are the tools of the
boss class by openly fighting the
small farmers in the United Far
imers League.
| * ou are work with
j £ l* e P a P cr - We are htldiug anoth-j
er blg mass n,e ®t in 8 111 March*
fami-;_|here
I
. #
SharD Rise In Minnesota
' Tax Delinquencies
.
Delinquent taxes in Watonwan
county, Minn., for 1930 are almost
double those of 1929. The 1930
figures amount to $34,022.85, as
compared with $18,378.00 for 1929.
The township delinquent taxes
on farm land j. nearl * four times
as mucb 1930 as i n 1929, the
1930 figures being $23,030.84 as
compared with $5, 572.93 for 1929.
The dty and Ullage tax delin
que ncies in 1930 dropped to $10,
392.01 as compared with $12,866.
08 for 1929. The tax delinquen
cies at MadelU this year total »B,
433,94 as compared with $2,617.50
for 1929. Madrlia township taxes
are the hcavlM i of any tawnahipl"'"«.
the epppty. WnK $4,943.53 thi.
y c ar as compared with $1,341.20 in
1929
'
'
preparing barbed wire barricades
; n the International Settlement in
fear of an armed uprising of
Shanghai workers, under the!
leadership of the Communist Par-1
^ Thc Japaeere fur"" .t The
s t e rn resistance of the soldiers
gnd workers> are preparing to dealt
death from bombing planes on
the densely populated working
class section of Nantao in Shang
hai. Tens of thousands of the
refugees from the ruined Chapei
district are now in Nantao.
Chinese workers yesterday made
an attack on the Japanese Con
sulate, sending a fusilade of re
volver shots through the win
dows.
; gathering involves the greatest
| danger against the Soviet Union,
Workers! Do not be deceived by
and,the silence of the capitalist press!
On guard! In defense of the Soviet
No news has been issued regard
iing the gathering of hundreds of
thousands of white guards under
j Japanese auspices in Harbin. This
Union!
speech on taxation in which he
endeavored to show the farmers
how much money they had saved
by having him as their legislative
agent. His speech was not very
convincing altho he was able to
show that there would be a reduc
tion on real estate taxes due to a
reappraisal of farm values. He al
so pointed out that there would be
no taxes on household goods, jew
dry, etc., and no direct tax on
automobiles. He failed to point
out, however, that the vast major
ity of farmers have no furniture
of any great value, no jewelry
whatsoever and no high pri'^d an -
tomobiles. These expensive luxu; •
les are the property of the weal*
thy, the business men, banken
etc. The new tax law helps them
and!Japanese imperialists and thc
starving workers and farmers who
are fighting to drive out all ex
ploiters of all nationalities. In
fact, Dr. Anderson failed to tell of
any of the imperialist adventures
of the flag and strangely enough
she also failed to tell when the
flag had ever done anything for
the farmer.
The manufacturers and business
men got the best return on their
investment from the speech of C.
A. Dyer, legislative agent of the
Ohio State Grange and the Ohio
(Farm Bureau. Mr. Dyer made a
and not thc farmer.
DAIRY FARMERS
OF HOUSTON IN
MILK STRIKE
Houston, Tex„ Feb. 15.—Rather
than sell tiheir product for prices
they considered too low, dairy far
mers dumped 4,000 gallons of milk
into Houston gutters.
The producers, enraged because
Houston jobbers cut their
to $2 the 100 pounds, emptied
their milk cans in front of the
Phoenix dairy. The producers re
ceive a price of 3 V» events a gal
lon, while Houston housewives are
paying 10 cents a quart for stand
ard grades.
prices
OPEN FORUMS TO
BE STARTED IN
MINOT ON FEB. 21

i
;
j
Minot, N. D., Feb. 14.— Two
soup kitchens have been opened
and they are patronized by
many hungry unemployed workers
every day. The forced labor of
UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE
BACKS UP STRUGGLE OF
JOBLESS FOR RELIEF
the unemployed workers on the
(highways for relief has served to
make the workers of Minot more
class conscious and many unem
ployed committees have been or
ganized in different parts of the
city. These committees are dis
tributing laflets calling on the un
em P loye <l workers of Minot to of
for , J ^ e stru ** le for ,m '
mediate rehef -
The Ward County United Farm
ers League is backing up the
workers in the fight for unem
Payment insurance and irnmwiiate
reUe f' Sunday, FeK 21, a
«««»"L W ^ rke " and
0pt ". Forum .. " l11 . st , ar , t ^ Z5!
n ' < "' tm K" '"I 1 *>« held at the Son ''
of Nor " as '. hal1
at e ft . do ck Open du
™" ,on W|U , be ™
f,r k s î TêuS™™ T 1 t
(subject: "Why is it necessary to
'organize the unemployed?"
| The recent meeting held in Mi
n °t on "War and Hunger" brought
; ou t a good representation of work
the'ers in spite of the bad weather,
0ne of our farmer comrades,
Daniel Zaharov, walked in from
Max, thirty milee away, arriving
! almost frozen. He was, however,
(Continued on Page two)
Brings 34 Farmers In as New Members In One Week.
FARMERS OF ST. LOUIS COUNTY,
MLNN. TO PREPARE TAX STRIKE
Militant Leadership of tbe Markham, Minnesota U. F. L.
Markham, Minn., Feb. 8.— Tbe
United
the
representation
Farmers League meeting that was
held at Markham, yesterday was
good, although the weather
The cern
ât
very
was stormy and cold,
mittees that were elected gave
their reports. The committee that
was to see Mr. Murray, county
commissioner, reported that they
On the other hand, an increase
in license fees on automobiles and
trucks hits the poor farmers so
hard that many *f them have not,
yet bought their license places f»r
1932. There are two million such
in the United States. What part
of this number are In Ohio, I do
not know. Of course Mr. Dyer
didn't tell the farmers this.
FARMERS NOT STARVING
ENOUGH
For the greater part of his
speech this well-fed, well-groomed
fakir carefully avoided the eoo
nomic crisis through which we are
going* However, he finally came
to the point where he had to say
something so he blurted out, "You
people aren't starving as much as
you think you are. You need to
practice a little old fashioned
economy and common sense."
To show what he meant by "old
fashioned economy," Mr. Dyer
cited an instance of how he had
hauled 45 cent wheat over dirt
roads with a team and wagon in
the absence of any rubber tired
automobile.
The average Ohio farmer today
- Hves on a dirt road, drives a car
• J that no one but a Junk dealer
(would buy, has no electric lights
no modern heating system, no
(bath room or any modern eonven
(Continued on Page Two)
19 YEAR OLD HARRY
SIMMS IS KILLED BY
COMPANY DEPUTIES
Coal Operators Let Loose Reign of Wanton Terror to
Break Strike of Kentucky Miners
PINEV1LLE, Ky., Feb. 13.—Harry Simms, 19-year
old District Organizer of the Young Communist League,
who was active in the organization of the Youth Section
of the National Miners Union in Kentucky and Tennes
see, died Thursday night at 9:20 in Barbourville, Ky. of
a bullet wound received at the hands of Arlan Miller, a deputized coal
company gun thug.
Comrade Simms' last act before he was fatally wounded was the
convening of the successful Kentucky-Tennessee National Miners' Youth
Conference in Pineville Tuesday afternoon, the first youth conference
and Green Lawson, a striker who
I ever held in the heart of the
Simms was cold-bloodedly mur
( * ere d
His fatal wounding came about
in the following manner. At 7:30
on Wednesday morning, Simms
1
had a few days before been
cd section organizer of Brush
Crek, were walking along the rail
road track near Artmus, Ky. They
wer e headed for Brush Creek to
mee t a delegation of miners who
had walked twenty miles across
the mountains to join the Brush
Creek strikers and march with
them demonstration that
was to take place in Pineville in
the afternoon under the joint aus
Pices of the National Mineis
mo^toedelegahon of erstand
™ tc ™_ „.FTE, SL c*t
^th the_ ( . C pjJ'
"LTSÎSn?
a ,
While Simms and tom were
* a k i"Lu â g .a .a ^ they
heard behind them the chugging
of a amal1 ™lroad car such as is
"" d * ï""» 0 ? tlVe or /; x ra ''
road workers. Simms and Lawson
stepped off the ties to allow tho
car to pass. Two Brush Creek
Deputy Sheriffs, Red Davis and
Arlan Miller were on the car. As
I where the two were standing
! Without a word of warning Deputy
., , _
they passed Simms and Lawson
they apparently recognized them.,
for they stopped the car, threw it
into reverse and rolled back to
-
did not see him as he was not
ins office. The committee left a
letter but has received no answer,
to it.
The matters that were decided
on at the meeting were as follows:
That the meeting reaffirms the
demandä that were made to Mr.
Murray, county commissioner of
the 6th commissioner district of
St. Louis county on February 1st
when 80 farmers demonstrated
when 80 farmers demonstrated
and put forward their demands
for road work by the farmers.
A letter be sent to the other,
United Farmers League locals in
St. Louis county to put up
same kind of a fight as the farm
er» of Markham and also advising
the farmers in other parts of the
county that if Mr. Noble is trans
ferred by Mr. Murray to some
other part of the county, that the
farmers demand that he be fired
from the position as county road
foreman and in his place put some |
small farmer. Road work on road
No. 16 where Mr. Noble was the
foreman has been at a standstill j
ever since the demonstration.
The meeting unanimously decid-,
ed to send a resolution of protest
to the school board of Virginia,
Minn., because of its discrimina
tion against the farmers cream,
ery, the Mesaba Range Co-op.
creamery. And furthermore the
farmers went on record as favor
ing boycotting the businessmen of
Virginia as tbe school board is
composed of the business men of
Virginia.
That the United Farmers
League of Markham protests a
gainst the action of County Com
missioner Stewart for sending
gunmen against the small farm
ers when they as an organized
body go and demand immediate
relief work with no intention of
destroying property.
A protest was to be sent to the
school board of Markham demand
ing that public dances be forbid
(Continued on Pag« Two^
south.*
Miller drcw his ^ ^ shol
Simms in the abdomen. Lawson
was unharmed. The two deputies
roughly dragged Simms to the
jräilroad car and threw him on it
and then continued on to Artcmua
elect-J 8 ™" La *j on
carrying t r\i i- tIKy Ü
owed fcimms lie Weeding on the
bimms was permitted to
1 ® hl0C(lia K ** * mor€
&n .Y Jr° r . e FT
tn «gs cameo nim to tne local noa
TT " m L°i»n
^ ° heavy bullet!i
T * l \ "
- .. t
'
^ w&g ^o^ured by the cro»»
examination of th(fk District Attor
M y of Knox County but refused
to answer any of his questions. He
lapsed into
ward the end and although he waa
faintl rovived by i - yl0 b i ood t rane
fusions, but died without recover
j cenMiousueas.
H( was cold-bloodedly murdered
by the gun thugs at the order of
t J e coal opera to rs for his devotion
^ ^ f . h against hunger and
^j^rism.
on a
Criminal syndicalism warrant*
have been issued for the remain
der „ { tbe strike leaderBhip not yet
n jai , ^ mass defen ' da
(
prevented hundreds from being
(wounded and killed on demonstra
tion day before yesterday.
Pineville residents estimate that
about half of the town's popula
tion of 6,000 were deputized and 1
provided with guns to smash the
demonstration that had been call
ed jointly by the Workers Interna
tional Relief, the National Miners
(Union and a committee of some of
the most famous writers in the
j United States to test the elemen
'tary rights of the miners to
I semble and receive relief collected
in;by and from the American work
ing class through the Kentucky
Tennessee Relief Committee by
as
tive W. I. R.
1 Even high school boys of six
j teen and seventeen were provided
with revolvers and deputies' insig
1 nia. Machine guns were placed
around the court house jutting
out from every angle. One depu
ty, a boy, scarcely out of hit
ty, a
knickers, dropped a .46 revolver
when he stooped to pick up a
'cigarette.
The huge show of armed force
(served but to increase thc assem
thC|blage of the miners, many of
whom walked more than ten miles
to Pineville when they heard depu
ties would try to break up Ä«
meeting.
Not less than 600 and probably
more than 1,000 Bell County po
lice and deputized gun thug» yes
terday tried unsuccessfully to
| smash the demonstration of 6,006
(miners who had started gathering
at the outskirts of Pineville at 2
j o'clock in the morning, despite the
terror, perhaps unparalleled in the
history of the American labor
movement.
During the course of the demon
stration 22 local strike leaders
were arrested as was the 19-year
old wife of a strike leader.
The entire committee of famous
writers and Doris Parkers, local
secretary of the Kentucky-Tennes
see Workers International Relief,
Waldo Frank, chairman of the
writers' committee and Alan Taub,
International Labor Defense law
year, were brutally slugged. Prank
suffers a possible concussion of
the brain and Taub's nose was
broken.
Nineteen of the strike leaders
who included most of the Central
Relief Committee were arrested in
a raid by deputies on the W. I, R.
relief warehouse in the course of
which the warehouse was demol
ished and food and clothing de
stroyed.

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