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Ht Sr COUNTY ISSUE THE PRODUCERS NEWlP^ CVFRY ufl member ^READER OF THE producers NEWS League j gjjà Weekly ^Txv^ No - 2 PRICE TEN CENTS _ OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, FRIDAY, APRIL 8, 1932 Entered as second Class Matter. October 18, 1918. at the Poet office at Plentywood, Montana. Under the Act of March 8. 1818 Fa rmer s Rally For Hunger March 200 Farmers Join UFL In County of St. Louis, Minn., In Two Months United Fanners League Will Mobilize 3,000 for Duluth Demonstration Virginia, Minn., March 26. The gt_ Louis county board of the zted Farmers League held a *ry successful meeting March 20 ^ it Virginia. Many important prob i em s were discussed and plans were made to carry on our work in organizing the small farmers ! ^ St. Louis county as well as Beltrami and Clearwater counties effectively than we have more done up to the present time into the U. F. L. The St. Louis county organizer j 1 I IAH BANKS WILL GET $60 MILLION CONTINUED WEAKENING OF LAND BANK STRUCTURE The Federal Land Banks have already taken almost one half of the $125,000,000 additional capital set aside for them by the Wall Street-Hoover government. By March 30, the bankers had taken $63,243,740, leaving a balance of $61,756,000 which they can still drawn on. All of the additional capital that the banks got up to March 30 was drawn by them during the month of February, none having been handed out during March. The purpose of increasing the capital of these banks thru the Federal government was to pre vent them, if possible, from crash ing, in other words to save the in vestments of the holders of the Land Bank bonds. As far as the farm masses are concerned they are getting the same oppressive treatment from the Land Banks that they got before. Paul M. Bestor, Commissioner of the Farm Loan Board, in a statement made on March 30, ad mitted that the banks would soon apply for part of the rest of the $126,000,000. This the condition of the Land Banks is weakening despite the more than $60,000,000 the Hoover gov that means ornmtnt has already handed them. e continued weakening of the Und Banks means that the con-j ditions of the farmers who have taken loans from them has be come continuously worse, that they are unable to pay their interest charges or make their installment payments on the loans. The Land Banks try on the one hand to ov «come the weakening due to the deepening of the crisis among the farm masses by grabbing tens of millions from the Hoover govern ment. They try on the other hand to solve this difficulty by increas ed oppression of the boiling farm masses. The heads of the Land Banks are trying to save the in vestments of the Wall Street hankers in Land Bank bonds by driving the last cent out of the small and middle farmers. The banks, the territories which they serve and the amount they teve drawn follows: The Springfield, Mass., bank for| the States of Connecticut, Maine, \ Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New J er9 ey, New York, Rhode Is knd and Vermont, $1,684,507.59. The Baltimore, Md., bank for the I States of Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Vir ginia and Porto Rico and the Dis trict of Columbia, $1,733,812.98. The Columbia, S. C, bank for the States of Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carol Ja, $8,989,797.97. The Louisville, -, Te^t «ans, La., bank for the States of aw&ÄSTÄ s" 8 Mo., bank for the States of Ar ^nsas, Illinois and Missouri, $4, "04.196,07 , The Omaha. Nebr.. bank for the ^tates of Iowa, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming, $4,019,669. ]}■ ^e Wichita, Kans., bank foi I the States of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico and Oklahoma, $2, 291,072.40. The St. Paul, Minn., ■ Tor the States of Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota and Wis wnsin, $15, 346,763.78. The Hou É J on > Tex., bank for the State of Te *as, $3,773,099.04. e Berkeley, Calif., bank for J v? of Arizona, California, rT ada Utah > $2,167,470.87. H Spokane * Wash., bank for the li of Idaho, Montana, Wash and Oregon, $6, 169,880.63. reported that from January 15, 1932 to March 20, 1932, two hun dred members have been drawn in to the UFL in that county, five new locals have been organized, at the following places, Corbin, Ne braska, St. Louis River, Bucklake and Pila, with prospects for new locals at Ely, Whiteface and Suo mi. In every locality where the UFL has been leading the farm ers to fight for such local de mands as immediate relief for needy families, for county road iwork, etc., the UFL has fast on the basis of popularizing the demands that were wen thru these struggles. Up to 70 mem bers have been recruited in some localities. This proves that only thru struggling for the every day problems and demands of the poor farmers can the United Farmers League be built into a mass or ganization. During the period from January 15 to March 20, 22 subs were re corded in the St. Louis county of fice of the UFL gotten for the Producers News, subs have grown been actually gotten for the Pro ducers News but they have not been reported to the county organ ization. The Red Sunday that was held on the 13th of March did not bring very good results due to the fact that the weather was cold and because of the fact that the UFL members did no know they could keep 10% on each sub gotten for the Producers News which would help cover the cost involved in getting the subs. The county board of the UFL laid plans to organize a huge demon stration in the latter part of May to the county seat at Duluth on the basis of presenting again to the board of county commissioners the demands for tax exemption for the small farmers and lower ing the taxes of the middle farm ers. If the county commissioners do not accept these demands the farmers will be compelled to re sort to a tax strike. The county board of the UFL of St. Louis county is convinced that if in every locality the United Farmers League intensifies its ac ^ivities around local demands and issues fig hting for the immediate prob i ems 0 f the small farmers in the i oca iities the UFL will be able to mo bilize 3,060 farmers to the demonstration to Duluth in May, that in St. Louis county the UFL will be ab i e to f u ifU and surpass the quota ^ by the St. Louis county conference of the United Farmers League last December 20 of 500 hew m e mbers for the Un*t ed Farmers League of St- Louis county by May Slat! 200 Communists Are Arrested in Tokio TOKIO, March 10—The police in Tokio have arrested over 200 communists charged with having distributed anti-militarist leaflets amongst Japanese soldiers and sailors. NEW HAMPSHIRE DAIRY FARMERS DEMAND HIGHER MILK PRICES Farmers and City Workers In Joint Action Prevent At tempt to Cut Wages on Road Work BP HILLSBORO, N. H., Mar. 26 A meeting was called in Enfield, N. «... Lea * . shipping to Pattez Sta ;" wmedout to prmC1 i > tv v H Fred Chase of Washington, N. H., and John Korpela of Mield^ However, sear y every spoke, and they ' X ous in denouncing ^ New Eng land Milk Producers Association It was brought out m the dis cussion that the net price to farm ers for milk was around 2c a quart. This pnce is below the cost of production. The farmers are rapidly approaching a situa tion, where bankruptcy is the only outlook. A committee was ap pointed to call together several jo cals of the N. E. M. P. A. to de mand immediate action. 1 The next day, March aaa, a iar mers meeting was called in New were HOME SOVIET ZINC SUPPLIES SECURED Moscow, March 1C.— The inves tigations of the geologists in the Ternir Tau district show that the great deposits of iron ore there contain no less than nine per cent of zinc. During the next ten years the district will supply viet industry with 15 million tons of iron ore and 130,000 tons of zinc. This quantity of zinc will be sufficient to meet the needs of viet industry and make it essary to import zinc supplies as is done at present. This will re sult in a saving of hundreds of millions of gold roubles which then be applied to other purposes. so 30 unnec can RELIEF FOR FARM MASSES OPPOSED BY SEC'Y HYDE HOOVER PLAN IS TO USE GOVERNMENT FUNDS FOR SPECULATORS, GAMBLERS The Department of Agriculture is using all of its efforts to pre vent the farmers from getting any relief from the Federal gov ernment. Hyde admitted this in a statement on March 29. this statement he demanded that f the federal government give» li. any loans to the farmers they should be made on a basis which will permit the Hoover govern ment to squeeze more plunder out of the farm masses. Hyde supports his attack on the farm masses under the vicious slo gan of "loaning and mortgaging the future of the farmers and his children will never restore pros perity. that they will not get out of the clutches of the capitalist class by getting deeper into debt. They do, however, demand relief from the capitalist class and its govern ment. The only relief that the capitalist class has given the far mers is thru the form of crop and feed loans. The farm masses are in such des titution that the capitalist class and its government feel that they may not be able to get these loans back from the farm masses. Hyde, therefore, demands that the loans of the Federal government be made either for "credit thru agri cultural credit corporations, this way Hyde thinks that they would be supplied much more "con structively" and on a "sound bas This means only that thru the credit corporations the Hoov er Wall Street government would give loans only to those farmers who still can be robbed by the bankers, or to the speculators for the purpose of manipulating the markets. Hyde also repeated his proposal that the funds should be used in financing the sale of American wheat and cotton in markets where they have not yet been sold. Despite the fact that he admitted a week ago that this was a "nebulous hope," Hyde keeps on repeating this hypocritical lie to the farm masses. This plan would also be used, if at all, only for the purpose of aiding the spec ulators and the gambler to take the wheat and cotton they have off of their hands. The farm masses know yy In >> is.' port, N. H. Resolutions on the milk situation were passed and steps taken to arouse more farm to the need of organization and action There has been a call for the U. F. L. committee to go through the mill centers of Vermont. Plans are being made to hold other meet ings as soon as farm roads are passable. Every effort has been made to divide the fanners from the day workers in the small towns, and by this division to make drastic cuts to road workers and At the town meet ings in New Hampshire on March 8, in several of the towns it was found that the small farmers and workers ware united against wage In Washington, N. H., and ers wage other labor. cuts. Lerapster N. H., all plans were made by offidals to cut wages a dollar a day, but in both places the wage cuts were defeated. In Lempster the fight against the wage cut was led by a member of the U. F. L. JAPANESE CONCENTRATE TROOPS 100 MILES FROM SOVIET BORDER Additional Japanese Forces Being Shipped Into Manchu . ria for Oppression and Attack The Japanese imperialists have reached a point not more than 4i hundred miles from the Soviet frontier in their struggle to crush ,, . . „ - a. «e. M . the resistance of the masses in „ , . , u Manchuria to accept the Henry Pu-\i puppet government there, '^imperialists have es-, tablished there. A Japanese air squadron, par. of a regiment stationed at rieijo has been order to fly to Ranan near the Manchurian border. In 1 addition the Japanese have order press reports that the Japanese are encountering fierce resistance on the part of the masses in their attempts to crush Manchuria into part of the Japanese empire. The capitalist press realizes that the struggle in Manchuria is only preliminary to the attack cn the Soviet Uniin. From Washington it is reported that "foreign mili tary observers are speculating as to whether Soviet Russia will main complacent," It is signifi cant that this dispatch comes from Washington, What it means in reality is that the Hoover govern ment is waiting for the moment when the Japanese attack the So viet Union so that the United States can join in the open im peri allst attack on the Soviet Union. The close attention of Stimsen and Hoover is concen trated on the movements of the Japanese because the Wall Street* bankers are determined that the! tt «X . ». 11 1 j i Unitod States shall assume lead ,. ,__ ! ership over the anti-Soviet front of the imperialists. The imminence of armed inter vention by the. imperialist brigands against the Soviet Union, is ad mitted by Col. Isaac Newell, re tired U. S. Army, former United States military attache in China, in an interview reported in the Detroit News of March 29. This is in line with previous admissions by U. S. military and diplomatic officials on the anti-Soviet nature of the Japanese war moves on the Soviet frontiers and the frenzied war preparations of French im perialism and its puppet states. Col. Newell sees an early Jap anese attack on the Soviet Union as a certainty, and declares: "Poland and Rumania, fearful of the Soviets, may utilize Rus sia's preoccupation in the Far East to satisfy their hunger for Russian territory in the Ukraine. Communistic tendencies which had been on the decline in China in recent months, have taken a new hold of Chinese soil, particularly in the south." Col. Newell then voices the fear of the imperialists before the rap id growth of the new Soviet world of social and national emancipa tion. "The Communistic aspect of the Chinese situation is far more significant to the world than Japan's invasioh of Manchuria. But the two are inextricably in terwoven Eugene Lyons, Moscow, corres-j pondent of the United Press, re ports that officials of the Japan ese Embassy in Moscow are at tempting to pass off as "of no im portance" the secret documents by high Japanese military officers calling for an immediate armed attack on the Soviet Union. The documents were exposed in the Soviet press. The Japanese Em bassy now tries to make out that "even if they were genuine they would represent only irresponsible personal opinions. yy In his dispatch, Lyons speaks of an exchange of notes between the Soviet Government and Japan. His dispatch peddles the illusion that because the Japanese have denied any intention of attacking the So viet Union, the danger of such an attack is past. The Japanese al so denied any intention of prying Manchuria from China. But they have since established a puppet government in Manchuria, which has declared its "independence" of China. The Japanese also denied they were making war on China at the time that their airplanes and warships were raining death on the Chinese workers in Shanghai. The working dass most not be received by the hypocritical gestures and promises of the Japanese and other imperialist brigands. Hie imperialist plans for armed intervention against the Soviet Union ahd its cesaüol SodaUst construction are in the final stage as ermvts in sue - . , , Europe dearly, slow, Wakens and farmers! lUlly to the defense of your Socialist ' , . , Fatherland! Demand hands off ^ thc arm «, forces from China! Support the revo lutionary struggles of the Chin the Far East and in Eastern es« and Japanese masses! S AIjE OF SURPLUS abroad _ SPECULATORS TOLD "PLAN" WOULD NOT HURT THEM - The "nebulous hope" of selling the wheat and cotton holdings of the Farm Board abroad which Sec retary of Agriculture had two weeks ago, are new shown to be Immedi not hopes but just lies, ately after the announcement of re-'the Department of Agriculture was made the grain and cotton ; commission houses got busy. Sec retary Hyde immediately tried to calm by telling plan of the Department of Agri culture would not hurt them at all. His telegraph statement to the speculators reads as follows: "No dumping of either wheat or cotton is planned. No sales will be made except In harmony orderly course of business and in accordance with Farm Board's announced program. Negwtia .._ „„ ^1.,. turns have been suggested ror sales to countries which other wise form no part American market. Constructive, if made, and would result in benefits to American farmers." The Federal Farm Board would not sell any of its holdings in the usual American markets because that would hurt the interests of the speculators who still have grain on hand. In order to fool the farmers ®f the country that the Farm Board is interested in their welfare, Hyde tries to make them believe that the Federal Farm Board is going to sell the present surplus of American wheat in markets where United States wheat has never been sold in times of "prosperity." Hyde wants to make the farmers believe that In these markets the huge surplus of the United States can be dis posed of in times of crisis when the masses are starving. Such sales would be COAL PRODUCTION OF USSR RISES CAPITALIST COUNTRIES SHOW BIG DECLINES ....Coal production in., the.. Soviet Union showed an increase of., al most twenty-five per cent during 1931 while the capitalist world showed substantial decreases in productions, according to figures j made public by the U. S. Bureau of Mines of the Department o Oommerce. Five countries showed increases during 1931 in coal pro duction. The output of the Neth erlands rose from 12,211,086 tons to 12,900,000 tons; Spain's from 7,119,807 tons to 7,300,000 tons, and India's from 23,185,087 to 23, 200,000 tons. Against the almost negligible gains of the only four capitalist countries to show any increase the Soviet Union showed an in crease of almost 10,000,000 tons for the year ended September 30, 1931 to a total of 49,700,000 tons. United States production of hard coal in 1931 was almost 9,000,000 tons less than in 1930, while the production of soft coal and lignite fell off 80,000,000 tons. It every phase of industry the contrast between advancing so cialist construction in the Soviet Union and decadent capitalism thruout the rest of the world is shown glaringly. Demonstrate Against Japanese Imperialism AMSTERDAM, March 11— A surprise demonstration of revolu tionary workers took place yester day in Rotterdam in front of the Japanese Consulate. There were shouts of, "Down with Japanese imperialism!" troops out of China!" and all the windows of the consulate were broken by a shower of stones. Clear Japanese il SUPPRESS WORKING PEASANT'S LEAGUE PRAGUE, Czecho Slovakia, Ap ril 2.—The Czech authorities have declared the League of Working Peasants which has its headquar ters in Munkachevo to be dissolv ed. They have ordered the con fiscation of all the property and all the documents of the League. This suppression is a part of the campaign of terror which is at present being conducted against the workers and peasants in Car pathian Russia. Shootings, brutal police attacks, mass arrests, raids, punitive expeditions, etc., are the order of the day. The League of Working Peasants was founded about a year ago to represent the interests of the poor peasants. It has grown in this short space of time from 600 to 10,000 members. The Department of Agriculture is broadcasting the recent ad vane es made by the implement trust in improving and devising new agri cultural machinery. The report of the department includes the fol Baronne cost of PP AIM KATION IVIFAN^k 1 I\U1/UL 11U1" ITlLüllO nnr ITTIT Hfl I O V H \T Llir A IrK |Y| I ^ t, K Y MACHINE COTTON PICKING WILL MEAN EVICTION OF THOUSANDS OF NEGROES lowing: The grain combine and the corn piddng-and-husking mach ine with their great savings in harvesting expense and time, have been proved practical, al though improvements are being developed in the latter. Prob ably the most outstanding de- vice still in the experimental stage is the cotton picker, and on it, and on satisfactory ma chinery for picking beets, har vesting cane, artificially drying hay and performing other farm functions intensive research is under way." The purpose of this propaganda is to fool the farmers into believ ing that they can work themselves out of their present misery 1 thru decreasing the cost of production. This will mean for the farmers enslaving themselves even more to the implement trust. The decreas es in the cost of production that have been made during the past ten years have not increased the well being of the farmers. They have meant only increased debts around the farmer's neck and more intense exploitation by the implement trust. This is the result of the "tre mendous savings" that have been made in production costs and about which the Department writes as follows: U Tremendous savings in har vesting costs have been effected by the combine and the corn picker-busker. Estimates of costs of harvesting wheat with the combine and with the bind er showed that for 200 acres or more the cost per acre for the binder was $3.66 and remained constant above that acreage while the cost per acre for a combine was $2.01 for 200 acres and it declined gradually to $1.38 per acre for a 600-acre job. Th« cost per bushel of f(i harvesting corn by hand in an Illinois region was found to be about 10.6 cents, while the cost per bushel of harvesting with a two-row picfcer-husker was about 6.5 cents." The agricultural agency of Wall Street also spouts about the pro gress being made in mechanical picking of cotton. "With the development of a satisfactory cotton picker and of harvesters for a few less prominent crops, agriculture would be largely mechanized, the only important crops not being handled mechanically, and with little present prospect of being so handled, being fruits and vegetables. Numerous improvements have been made in the earlier devices for picking cotton, but the ma chine still is generally regarded as being in the experimental stage. There have been rumors recently, however, that a large concern manufacturing agricul tural machinery has developed a picker which it considers to be practical and that as economic conditions improve so that purchasing power Is re stored to the farmer, this chine will be offered on the mar ket." The Department tries to hide the horrible misery the introdne « soon as ma (< FARMERS, JOBLESS DEMANDS WILL BE PRESENTED APR. 12 Conference of 150 Prepares Demands of Marchers to County Court House Demand End of All Evictions of Toiling Farmers By Sheriff Agents of Bankers Hancock, Mich., Apr. 2, 1932—The Houghton* county conference of the United Farmers League held at Tapiola, Mich., on March 26 decided to mobilize all the farmers and unemployed workers to the Houghton coun ty court house to present their demands to the county supervisors Tuesday, April 12, at 11 A. M. About 1 30 farmers and workers took part in this conference where very concrete questions were taken up that deal with the farmers' struggles with taxes, mort gages and other burning problems of the farmers due to the present crisis. The hunger march to the supervisors meeting was enthusiastically supported. Greetings were received from the unem ployed councils from Paavola and Boston. On the same day the unem ployed from Hancock, Paavola and Boston will fight side by side with the farmers delegates for immediate relief from the county, The following resolutions were* widely discussed and passed unan imously: MORTGAGES (We demand that county offi cials take steps at once to stop all foreclosures of workers* and farmers' property, the county officials responsible that no sheriff's sales of poor farmers and workers property will take place from now on. We hold We further demand, that the county officials call a confer-, 6 rm Of the United Farmers League, Federal Land Bank representatives (also other banks holding farm mortgages). This joint conference te to be called at once for the purpose of stopping all foreclosure Mies of workers' and farmers' pro perty. TAXES We demand exemption of taxes on poor farmers' and workers' property a!nd a special increase in taxes on all proper ty of rich land owners, corpor ations, mining properties, tim ber holdings, etc- so that their KANSAS FARMERS WILL FIGHT FOR RENT, TAX MORATORIUM Must Organize Into United Farmers League to Repel Attack of Land Sharks and Bankers Pittsourgh, Kansas, March 26.— I have just returned from a tour of the northwestern part of Caw ford County, where the farm land is very productive. Anyone pass ing thru and not asking any ques tions would think the farmers were very prosperous. If anyone will stop, tho, and ask a few ques tions he will find that 75 per cent of the farms are hopelessly mort gaged. A few years ago all of these farms were clear of mort gages or had only small mortgages them. Now 60 per cent of the farmers in this ter ritory are tenant farmers. The land sharks, banks and in surance companies have taken many of them thru foreclosure proceedings or tax sales. If the farmer who onoe owned the farm he lives on wants to stay on it, he must pay in cash each year what the farmers call a privilege rent. This averages about $1.50 per acre SPOKANE UNEMPLOYED PROTEST PREVENTS CLOSING OF BILLET Mayer Forced to Agree That Families of Unemployed Will Not Have Water Supply Cut Off (By a Worker Correspondent) SPOKANE, Wash., Mar. 31—As a result of the demonstration of over 1500 workers the demands of the Unemployed Council were partially granted by the Mayor. The city government had planned to dose the East Trent Billet. The mayor was forced to agree that the Billet would be kept open an other 16 days. He was also forced to agree that the city would not shut off the water supply in the homes of the unemployed workers. About 700 workers marched to the city hall to lay the demands for relief before the mayor. While taxes wiU correspond acre for poor farmers to-day. We furth er demand that no poor farm ers' or workers' property shall be sold for delinquent taxes and that all back taxes be cancelled. We also demand an equal rep resentation of poor farmers hi the tax equalization board». STATE POLICE We demand the removal of all state police from this coun ty at once. They are an un necessary burden on the tax payers and are of no use in the county. These funds must be turned in for immediate relief of the poor. FREB SEEPS We demand that county offi cials bring pressure to bear upon the State to get state aid to finance poor farmers in the purchasing of seeds. Without state aid and county aid in pro curing seed this spring a large majority of farms in Houghton county will not be planted into (Continued on Page Two) and in addition he must give up one-third of his crop to the land sharks. Most of the farmers are inter ested in fighting for a moratorium on rent and taxes. Kansas farm ers should build the United Far mers League and subscribe to the Producers News, the only farm paper that is able to give leader ship to the toiling farmers of the U. S. There is only one solution to the problems of the farmers of ! to those who till it—By J. I. Whid den. a with the unemployed and employ ed workers and declare war to the bitter end on the land sharks and grafting politicians. They must follow the example of their Russian brothers in finally des troying this robber system and building on its ashes a workers' and farmers' government. The land the delegation of unemployed was interviewing the mayor a meeting was held before the city hall at which one comrade spoke for ' 46 minutes. Several workers joined tho Un employed Council because they saw that we meant business with our demands and that we were not using empty phrases like the socialist faker, John McKay, and the reactionaries he sedates with. This yellov? Socialist did everything he ccn'l to sabotage the demonstration but failed mis erably. Tho workers could als» see what a rotten misleader he is.