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THE PRODUCERS NEWS
Published weekly at Plentywood, Montana, by The Peoples Publishing Company, Inc. Official Organ of the UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE Official paper of the City of Plentywood, Montana Subscription Rates: United States; .W cents, months, 60 cents. National or County Edition—In the per year, $2; six months, $1; three months, Foreign i*r year $2.50; six months, $1.26; three r t- U Advertising Rates furnished upon application. ERIK BERT, Editor RUTH BERT, Associate Editor CHARLES E. TAYLOR, Managing Editor HANS RASMUSSEN. Business Manager Friday, May 3, 1933 MACHINE GUN DEMOCRACY FOR THE DESTITUTE IOWA FARMERS Saturday morning the farm sale interrupted Fri day afternoon is (going to be) carried out. We will take any measures necessary to do it." 44 ANY MEASURES NECESSARY"! This is the threat of Major Caughlin, commanding the national guard around Dennison, Iowa, where on Friday afternoon the farmers had stopped the sale of John Shields' personal property. In order to quiet the militant farmers of Iowa two laws were passed at the last legislature; one providing for the halting of foreclosure proceedings, the other extending the time of redemption of foreclosed property to March 1, 1933. .. The insurance companies demand that the courts de clare these partial victories of the farmers unconstitutional. Hearings were scheduled before District Judge Bradley in When the farmers came to Bradley's court and LeMars. demanded that he pledge not to issue any more foreclosure orders—he refused to do so. Bradley has already decided to carry out the wishes of the insurance companies and destroy the little secur ity the farmers had won by declaring the laws illegal which provide for this measure of relief from foreclos ures and evictions. Martial law has been introduced by Governor Her ring because the farmers are determined to save their homes. The statement which Governor Herring issued to the press is a brazen attempt to conceal the responsibility of the insurance companies for the situation in Iowa and to blame it on "agitators. >» Referring to the case of Judge Bradley who was given a taste of the farmers' anger in LeMars, Herring said that it is extremely harmful to have these reports that a dis graceful thing of this kind can occur in Iowa. 44 99 It is harmful—harmful to the insurance companies and the rich mortgage holders because it shows farm thruout the country what the courts are, and that the farmers of Iowa, for one, are determined not to stand for being thrown out on the roads "legally" by ers company It is not "disgraceful" to Governor Herring, or his asso ciates, that the insurance companies should be trying to de stroy the partial victory which the farmers won thru mass pressure, by having the action of the legislature declared illegal by one of their judges. It is not "disgraceful" in the eyes of Governor Her ring to have farmers evicted from their homes after a lifetime of toil and worry. He did not call out the militia to protect the farmers from foreclosure and eviction. He did not call out the militia when 14 farmers were shot at Cherokee, Iowa, last summer during the milk strike by the sheriff and half a dozen busi ness men, who attacked the picket camp, masked, and at night, with shotguns. * ^ This was not a "disgrace" to the fair name of Iowa— because it was done in the interests of the rich. The farmers of Iowa are being given a real lesson in democracy. They are being shown at the point of cold steel what the militia is and whose interests it serves. Herring is trying to drive a wedge among the farmers, calling the more militant ones "professional agitators" and the mass of the farmers "deluded good citizens. Martial law has been declared in order to intimidate the farmers in the interests of the insurance companies and to stop the growing sentiment for strike struggles against the milk trust in the Sioux City area. » > Governor Herring is a Democrat. Militia, machine guns and bayonets—this is the NEW DEAL in Iowa. Throughout the country a mass protest must be raised against martial law in Iowa against the foreclosure program of the rich, and for cancellation of debts and taxes of im poverished farmers. Demand the withdrawal of the national guard from the counties which they now occupy. Demand the ending of martial law, which is being used to crush the militant Iowa farmers. Demand the immediate release of all arrested farm ers. Demand an end to the foreclosure program of the bankers. Demand the cancellation of debts and taxes of im poverished farmers. n * R ra Y up resolutions in your local farmers' meetings. Get the farmers in your communities to sign protests con taining these demands. Flood Governor Herring with a mass of protests from every corner of the country. Organize the farmers in your community to stand by their brothers in Iowa, and in one UNITED FRONT in defense of their own homes and land UNITED FRONT FARMERS MEET MUSCATINE, LA. A United Front farmers con ference will take place at Mus catine, Iowa, On May 20. All fanners, membess of all fiizations, as well orga ns unorge nized farmers are invited tc participate. The problems ol the Eastern Iowa farmers wil be discussed and plans fo. united action will be dawn up FARMWORKERS WIN IN CALIF. Unity of Workers, Native and Foreign, Wins Results San Francisco, Calif., April 27. —The strike workers in t 1600 last Bay'amJ tKe Santa Clara district ended today when the workers after a strike meeting Tuesday night voted to accept wage increases granted by the ranchers in the pea fields and return to work. Although the de mands of the workers for 30 cents a hamper and recognition of the union were not won the workers go back to work with definite gains as a result of the strike having raised their wages from the previous scale of 15 and 17 cents a hamper to 18 and 20 cents a hamper. te The workers return in high spirit determined to organize all ranches , before the main crop is harvested at the end: of May and June when th e fight to win their full demand will be renewed. The agricultural workers have been' out on strike since April 15 i under the militant leadership ofl the Agricultural Workers Indus- ■ trial Union. The strike achieved : a splendid unity of Mexican and i Filipino workers and held out ir> i the face of the most vicious terror of the bosses. As the first major struggle among the agricultural workers since the Imperial Valley struggle it records an important turning point leading to wide spread organization' of the miser ably exploited workers in the Cali fomia Agricultural Belt. RENEW YOUR SUBSCRIPTION TODAY—$2 a year. MARTIAL LAW ESTABLISHED IN IOWA COUNTIES TO CRUSH STRUGGLE AGAINST EVICTIONS (Continued from Front Pag«) other extending the redemption on foreclosed property to March 1, 1935. Hearings for these c ases had been* set for Judge Bradley's court for May 2, 3, and 8. The insurance companies in volved in the suits being tried be fore Judge Bradley were the fol lowing: Metropolitan Life, Equitable of New York, John Ham coo*. Life, Mutual Benefit Life, the Franklin Life, Collins Mort gage company, Lincoln Joint Stock and bank, federal lar The Markham Strike OFFICIA!. STATEMENT BY THE MARKHAM FARMERS STRIKE COMMITTEE For many years favoritism has been practised by the different county commissioners of St. Louis county in the distribution of work; political boosters and friends of the Commissioners getting prac tically all. The United Farmers League of St. Louis county began agi tation among the farmers to fight against this discrimina tion, to demand recognition of their own elected Work Com mittees to be in charge of the distribujtioln of county work. Thig is the only guarantee that work would be distributed equally regardless of political or religious differences, tak ing first into consideration those most in need. Mr. Victor Koski, running for county commissioner, used this issue, of recognizing the farmers elected Work Committees with the authority to distribute the county to win their votes. After Koski got elected commissioner he began to appoint his own commit tees from among his own political boosters. However in the locali ties where the farmers had elected their Work Committees before he had' time to appoint his own, he recognized them insofar as they carried out his policy. COMMITTEE SATISFIES The Markham farmers demand ed full authority for their elected Work Committee without any dic tation from Koski. An elected Work Committee of five functioned for one month to the satisfaction of practically all farmers in the community. Koski Wanted farm ers to enlarge the committee to nine members, which was done at. a mass meeting attended by the great majority of the Markham farmers, including farmers of all political opinions. When the en larged Committee was elected Koski ignored it, and set up a committee of his own political boosters. The farmers through their elec ted Work Committed appealed to Koski time and again to fulfill his pre-election promise of recogniz ing their elected Work Committee He refused and stated, like an au tocrat that he was "Commissioner" and that he would '*un the Sixth Commissioners District just as he pleased. He began to designate through his appointed Committee who should go to work. Thereupon the farmers threatened to strike When the first snow plow Wai 3 Locals Reach Quotas in Sub Drive; Remainder Lag The subscription drive started by the United Farmers League of St. Louis to get 75 new subs for the Producers News from April 1 to June 1 is in full swing. The Florenton United Farmers League has gone over the top with their quota, by getting five subs. Their quota was 3. The Nebraska UFL has ful .1 filled its quota of 3, and they saawUuit moi« will,, be forthcoming. The Corbin UFL has a quota of 3 and they have got 3 subs. How about the other UFL locals? Send in re ports to the County UFL Secretary so that we know where your local stands in this drive. We still have over a month to fulfill our quota's in each locality. A report will be sent from time to time into the Produc ers News and the Tyomies on the progress of the drive. Forward with the drive for 75 new subscribers for the Producers News in St. Louis county by June first. The drive according to the reports to the UFL County Board stands as follows. Subs Gotten Quo to U. F. L. Local Florenton . Nebraska . Sax . Meadow Brook 5 3 3 3. 5 no report no report 5.... 3 . Markham . 1 Cherry . Kelsey ....:. 1 Sturgeon . Toivola .. Lakewood . Whiteface . Embarrass . Brittmont . Balkan . Pice River. Peyla . St. Louis County United Farmers League Board, REINO TANTILLA. 5 . none . no report . no report . no report . no report . no report .. no report . no report . no report . no report . no report . no report 3 12 5 5 . 5. 3 4 3 4 4 3. bank, Fremont Joint Stock Land bank. De» Moines Joint Stock First Trust Joint Stock Land bank. the rented on shares. Last year Houli han put it in on a $1,900 cash pay ment basis. Shields paid $500 last The other five fanners being held were taken because of the struggle which developed Friday at the Louis Houlihan farm, four miles south of Denison, Iowa. Houlihan, owner of the farm at tempted to collect rent for the farm from J. E. Shields, Vho has been on the farm as tenant for nine years. In previous years the farm was stopped Koski sent deputy sheriffs to take the truck away from the farmers, which vas locally used. Once more they decided to send a committee to Koski, asking him to come to a mass meeting in order to reach an agreement with the farmers. Koski promised to come to the meeting, but did hot keep his promise. KOSKI REFUSES TO AGREE The Markham farmers were militant and united. They decided to strike, but even then they gave Koski until 10 o'clock the next morinng to come to an agreement. He again failed to come to an agreement. The strike was on in Colvin township and vicinity, trucks and one tractor were taken into custody by the farmers and a number of trucks Werre turned hack from the strike area. Koski with hî s armed hire lings instigated a reign of Three terror. Thirty-seven arrests were made, 31 were held for *rial of which ten were given a 6 motnth' peace bond sen tence of $200. Henry and Ed Maki were given a 60 day sentence on the work farm or $100 fine, and on a second charge they were given a 90 day sentence on the work farm suspended for one year. Rudolph Johnson and William Wirtanen were meted out sen -tehees of $50 fines or 60 days on the wort* farm. An ton Anttila was given a 60 day sentence on the work farm or $50 fine. The others were set free. The strikers carried on militant picketing thruout the strike. The strike breakers resorted to the use of guns, undoubtedly assured of legal protection by the authorities. Shooting occured twice, one striker being shot in the back. This striker with his nine companiong who had chased the scab off the lob. were ar rested and convicted and given a six month peace bond sen tepee of $200, while John Wei ber g,^ t he scab who did the shooting, was set scot* free by Judge Urchel of Gilbert on the excuse of "insufficient evide nce." 11 WEEKS* STRUGGLE Despite the terror, the strike was carried on for 11 weeks, Nat urally during such a long drawn' out struggle some of the weakest, fall but defaulted on the $1,400 payment due in February. He of fered to pay $1,100 in settlement but Houlihan would not accept this and obtained a judgment after which he proceeded to foreclose on Shields' property. aimd put the gunmen to rout after GUNMEN AT SALE When the sale started Friday afternoon over 16 deputies, state agents, and vigilantes were there to intimidate the farmers. The farmers would not be intimidated a 20 minute hand to hand strug gle, with stones, clubs and similar weapons. Several state officers were mauled and beaten, and others knocked down and kicked. Sheriff Willy and his deputies were n<w injured. Guns and badges were taken from a dozen or more of the vigi lantes after *which the sheriff an^ Pounced the sale was postponed. On Saturday Sheriff Hugo Willy guarded by the national guard sold the property. One concession was made to the enraged farmers, elements began to waver. Some of the local young men who had not had a job for a long period began to act as strike breakers. Koski had to use outside elements most ly for his strike breaking. The latest attempt to break the strike wag Gov. Floyd H. Olson, sending his representa tive Oaptain Vail fo the Bu reau of Criminal Apprehen hension. Using threats of the militia, deportation, arrests, etc., this representative of Gov. Olson tried further to terror ize thé farmers in giving up their struggle. While Koski was making vigor ous attempts to carry thru road work in Markham in order to break the strike, very little work was being done in other parts of the Sixth district. The shooting, together with the rumors that the strike breakers Were armed had its effects upon the strikers. The farmers ses thruout the Sixth District, The strike was conducted on a United Front basis, farmers of various political and other differences took an active part, Attempts have been made to brand this strike as a purely Com munist affair. This arises from the f ac t that the capitalist press wants to give the impression to the public, that it is a small group 0 f Communists who are carrying on the strike, who want to 'win favors for themselves, instead of being a straggle for the interests G f the majority of the Markham farmers. This is only another method used by the capitalists to divide the ranks of the farmers in their struggles for the right to live, by pitting one group of the farmers against another. lized that their forces were not sufficient to meet Commissioner Koski'g attacks, that it is neces sary to broaden out the struggle thruout the Sixth Commissioners I District for equal distribution of 1 work and for other forms of re- ( lief and thug compell him to ac-1 cede to their demands. STRUGGLE NOT ENDED The strike was called off April 20 by a unanimous vote of 104 ; farmers, with the understanding that this does not end the struggle. The demand for equal distribution of work must be linked up with the general struggles of the farm ers for relief and must be broad ened out to include broader mas COMMITTEE OF ACTION VICTORY Welfare Officials Give Farmer Shoes for His Children (By G. J.) Mt. View, Wash., Apni 24 —Mr. 4JmftU e three children and they wer«: ail badly in reel of shoes. Mr. Almas wait to the relief sta tion several times to obtain shoes but was always refused. Finally he took the Committee of Action with him. The first thing that he was asked in ihe relief station was "How did you come?" WITH THE COMMITTEE OF ACTION Previously he had always walked I walked." and had answered, This time his answer was, "I came with the Committee of Action." When the welfare officials saw the Committee in the rear of the they immediately granted room Mr. Almas his demands. Shields was allowed to buy back his own property. Soldier s stood with bayonets patrolled by armed guards All farmers entering the fixed in the Houlihan barnyard, seven machine guns were set up and all roads leading to the farm were men i . grounds were searched for arms. None were found, however. The five farmers under arrest for participating in tire struggle on Friday are; Frank North, 47, tenant farm Vail, la.; Fritz W. er near Blume. 31, and' his brother, Herman, 33, who operates a 260 acre farm 10 miles north west of Denisoln; W. H. Mey 53, operator of a 280 ers, acre farm near Vail, and Wal ter Bandow, son of a land southeast of Denison. owner These five farmers are in the county jail at Denison. In order to prevent any attempt to rescue them machine guns have been set up on the ramparts of the jail. A pitched battle took place in the O'Brien county courthouse at Primghar, 80 miles northeast of Sioux City, on Thursday whetn 500 to 600 farmers, it is estimated, gathered to stop a foreclosure sale* The battle lasted for half a., hour and many farmers and depu ties were injured in the clash. TRY RUSE The farm of John Shafer, of Calumet, was to be sold. By 8 o'clock in the morning the farm ers began arriving, although the sale was scheduled for 10 o'clock. The sheriff tried to outwit the farmers by having a deputy read the notice from the third floor of the courthouse building, although legally the notice of sale should be read from the courthouse steps, that was being tried they rushed When the farmers saw the ruse The strike cannot be considered a defeat. The strikers know that it has aroused enthusiasm for struggle thruout the state. In Itasca county, a county wide dem onstration took place a short time ago where one of the main de mands was the demand for the recognition of Work Committees of the farmers as in the Markham strike. ACTION WINS CON CESSIONS The fanners have injured many lessons from the strike. They know now from practical experi ences that the capitalist, state ma chinery, its courts, deputies, etc., are weapons of oppression in the hands of the capitalists against tue interests of the working class. They have come to find out tRe" Social Fascist lead ership in the Fikmish workers movement are enemies of the workers and farmers, because that Markham farmers know that Com missioner Victor Koski and the boss class in general will gran* concessions. Only through strug gle have the working class ever gotten concessions from the cap italist class. The lessons gained from this struggle can' be used for future struggles to come. The struggle of the Markham farmers was a struggle for the interests of the entire working class. struggle. The Markham farm ers fully realize now what the Communist party, and organi zations such a g Left Wing Co Ops, United Farmers League, Finnish Workers Federation, Young Communist League the Working Woman's Clubs, and the Labor Sports Union, were the only organizations that gave them full support and look an active pari in the strike. As a result of tre strike the Ag a continuation of the struggle for the right to live the strike committee call® up on all workers and farmer 4© job the May Day meetings and demonstrations against, hunger, war and fascism. Spread the struggle for the recognition of the farmers work committee's struggle for relief t© ©very locality. Demonstrate oh May First. and the Markham Parmer s Strike Committee, Henry Maki. = Doings of the Advance Guard William Ferguson of Washington is the winner of our subscription prize for the month of April. We are more than glad to be able to hand him a small token in apprecia tion of the good work he has been doing. He deserves much more than we are able to give. The result of the contest for April comes out like this: Wm. Ferguson, of Washington, 56 points; Reino Tanttila, Minnesota, 25 points ; Joseph Phillips df Wisconsin^ points and Eino Hill of South Dakota, 21 points. We will now start the contest for May. The one who gets the most 25-cent points gets the prize. This time we are offering the Gorki Prize novel "To Make My Bread," by Grace Lumpkin as the reward for the one who gets the most points. This is the story of moun taineer people who left their little patches of land in the hills and came down to the town seeking prosperity in the textile mills. What they found was not prosperity, but we'll let Grace Lumpkin tell you herself—that is if you are lucky enough to get the prize! Set out today to win "To Make My Bread" and read this stirring tale of southern "poor whites" yourself. Since many will not receive this issue of the paper until next week we will hold open the contest until June 10. Come on body, let's ! 1 every DOINGS OF LAST WEEK Walter Parvey, Finlayson, Minn, sends us two subs, two points. James Allen, Spencer, Nebraska a sub, one point. Theo. W. Gehrmani, Jerome, Ida ho, renews, four points. C. Sharp, Frederick, S. D., sends one sub, four points. Han s Einbu, Lakewood, Minn., sent two subs, two points. N, G. Bjorndahl, Arlington, Wash., sends a one year sub, tight points. Wm. Ferguson, Seattle, Wash, sends another sub, wo points and a dollar for bundle. Arvo Husa, Beiden, N. D., oiie sub, ore point. Geo. Ryeburn, Cove Park, Ohio, orders a bundle of papers. Mr*. Rose A, Taylor, Dyer ville, Calif., wants ten papers for free disitribution. "None of us have much money," she says. 99 Wm. Ferguson, Seattle, Wash., sends us two more subs, six points. E. L. Boiland, Pierport, S. Dak.. sends one sub, two points. 1 Eino Hill, Frederick, S. D. sends three more subs, four points. Louis Hoefer, Ridge, Mont., sends one sub, four points. F. Dobbins, Oshkosh, Wis., sends one sub and pays for five sub cards, eight points. SHERIFF PAYS RENT L. O. Morris, Twin Falls, Ida ho, sends a dollar for bundle. Our sheriff went d<*vn in his pocket ahd) paid) $8 rent for a family rather than face the eviction commit tee," re says. Robert Poe, Independence, Mo., subscribes, eight points. Mrs. L. N. Petersen, Puyallup Wash'., sende a dollar for bun the courthouse building bo atop the reading of the notice. The clash occurred With the deputies who were lined up inside the building. While the fighting was going on some of the farmers' leaders reached an agreement with the lawyer who applied for the sale of the property to satisfy a judgment of $7,400. JflP, PITZHOTËL *T «T 1 •• •nr ml!!!"'' I HOntOFTHC SPANISH VILLA OS NEWEST ATMOSPHERIC CAE f WMC AND DANCE 2S0 ROOMS wmt »ATM — OP- SHOW*»» RATES $ ISO PER DAY AHO I»» MO COVER CHARGE STRlCTOf FIREPROQT ■ WASHINGTON AT 2ND.AVE.S. MINNEAPOLIS *■ m Your Paper in * * BECAUSE it stands by you in all your struggles * * * Subscribe Now to The Producers News * * * * * official organ of the United Farmers League Tear off the Subscription Blank below and send it now to THE PRODUCERS NEWS Plentywood, Mont. * * Enclosed find _ Cent« f« ..Dollars, .... Month (s) Subscription to the Year (s) . Producers News, Name Address _ State Subscription rates: $2 one for three months; 26 cents for six week*. $1 six months; 60 «a* 1 ** year; dies. "Most of our members think it is a great paper a md look forward for the next copy" she writes. C. C. McGrath, Romobind, Calif., also sends dollar for a bundle of 10 per week. 'The paper hits the situation in the proper manner, it take s well with the farmers, W. E. Clement Spanaway. Wash, pays four dollars on bundle count. M he says. ac Wm. Ferguson, of Seattle, Wash., sends us another bunch of subs. 13 points. "I have walked all over the country and) made persona] contact with every farmer," he writes. Everett Jenkins, Nexon, Mont, pays for a bundle. Deb s Hinds, Strool, S. Dak., sub scribes and sends one sub, four points. A. Wirtanen, Drummond, Mich., sends us two subs, nine points. ... . _ _, . m * ComertoWn, Mont., re ™ ws ' * our c , n , . Schultz, of Napoleon, 0h . 10 ' r ****** for a y ear > ei ? ht points. F. Corinth, Chicago, III, re news again, one point, and he writes: "All the farmers aad workers should read it. the city workers would understand the struggle of the farmers ... ,, . .. _ ***** if ^ey read the Pm duoers News. We a ways pass U to othar worker8 ' Paul P. Kabalnuk, Max, N. D. re news, four points. Milo M. Clapp, Montpelier, Iowa, sends three dollars for 300 copies to be sent. L. F. Blake, Longview, Wash., sends two subs, two points and pays for a bundle of 60. Matt Koivula, Anlnandale, Minn, subscribes, four points. Carl G. Wiklund, Loup City, Nebraska, send two subs, three points. Reino Tantilla, Virginia, Minn., sends ajnother seven subs, nine points. W. J. Husa, Plentywood, Mort, renews for another year, eight points.