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Nervous Diseases Spread With Crisis New York, April 22. seases and disorders of the Such afflication (ci nervous system) have ' g» eatly in number and seveiily in these trying times cf financial strai and actual want, increae* am, unemployment is admitted by Robert Thortt. ton, president of the Neurological Institute of New York. Scottsboro Washington March Postponed to May 8 New York.—Postponement cf the Free the Match to Washington until May 8 to give opportunity fer better organization naci foi ia-ger numbers to participate was voted Sun day afternoon by the Scottsboro Emergency Con ference at it.s sectnu meeting in Imperial Lodge Hall m Harlem. Sec ttsboro Bovs Bankers Demand Pay Cuts New York, April 27.—The Wall Street fcank oxte tied $140,CiCO,OGO of loan., to the The bankers and city officiais tave refused to state what the terms of the ment were which provided for the extension. The hankers are demanding pay cuts for the city em ployees and higher transit .fare:». ers have city unt;l June 10. agre e - Foreign Trade Falls Drastically Washington, April 20.—Foreign trade of the United States during tlm first tiree months of this year were one third less than in the first three months of 1932 a"d over half less than in the first three mdr.ths of 1931, Capitalist Bookkeeping New York, April 27.—For a year accountants have been going over the books of the Kruger companies which collapsed about a year ago. "There is not one item cn the books of any of the c m par des that can b e c ompletely substainec," is their conclusion. Tire same sort of false book keeping is being carried otn thruout the entire capitalist system to maintain tie confidence of the workers and faimers. Want 4,000 More Officers Washington, April 26.—General Douglas Mac Arthur, Chief of Staff cf the army, speaking be fore the House Military Affairs Committee, stated that 4,000 Irew officers would be needed to take care of the reforestation army, and incidentally ive them complete military training. « ^ Close Alabama Schools Montgomery, Ala.—Eighty-five per cent of the grade a d secondary scrools in the state have been closed. In fifty out of 67 counties none of the schools are functioning. On April 1 7,000 teachers were cut of work, 2,400 schools were closed and 265,000 white children get tr» school ing. The Negro children are of course in an un speakably worse position than even the whites. More Unemployment on Railroads Washington, April 28.—The Roosevelt admini stration has drawn, up a railroad bill providing for a federal dictator for the railroads. It provides for the restriction of the anti-trust laws tor a year. The main aim of the bill is to eliminate more hundreds of thousands of railroad Workers through "economies." Pass Part of Inflation Bill Washington, April 27.—The Senate today voted authority to the President to decrease the gold content of the dollar by 50 per cent. This is part of Roosevelt's inflation measure. Roosevelt and MacDonlad, Brothers Under the Skin Washington, April 27.—MacDonald and Roose velt have drawn up a statemert ctn their confer ences whier states that they have talked and have found many points of mutual interest. One thing they neglected to mdr.tior.' is that the confer ences were skirmishes cf the imperialist strug gles. Socialist Leader Robs Depositors Chicago, April 26.—Seymour Stedman, one of the old Socialist guard, and four other officials of the defunct City State Bank were found guilty today on charges of receiving deposits knowing the bank to be insolvent. Stedman was sentenced to 1 to 3 years in the penitentiary and pay a fine of $210. Socialist Writer Leaves Party New York, April 29.—Heywood Broun New York columnist fer the World Telegram, has re signed from the Socialist party which objected to his speaking on the same platform wrich Com munists in United Froin.t demonstrations. Hide Imperialist Conflicts Washington, April 28.—Former Premier Her riot of France left this city today after versing with Roosevelt. In a joint statement, de sig"ed to cover over the imperialist struggles go ing on between the United States and France, Herriot alnd Roosevelt did nothing but enumerate aÛ of the economic problems which they had dis cussed. con Two Billions for Rich Home Mortgage Owners Washington, April 28.—The two billion dollar home mortgage bill which provides that amount of relief to the rich owners of home mortgages was passed by the House yesterday by a vote of 863 to 4. The moitgage holders will get govern ing t guaranteed bonds, or 30 per cent of the face value of their mortgages in' cash, and the rest in bonds. Child Health and Higher Milk Prices Albany, New York, April 28.—Governor Lehman today designated May 1 as child health cay "to promote the health and happiness of chil dren in the home and community." Under his leadership the new Milk Board was organized Which has raised the price of milk fbr working class children. Conference Bu ilds Ohio Farmers League! Washington Farmers Heady to Organize - Personal Contact Will Win Farmers to Struggle for Their Immediate Demands; Must Fight Develop ment of Fascism ... . e or a thousand times stronger if >eCaU fj we . are not leaving our unies and going among life other armers enough. We need bun - i reds of active organizers in this state alone. \\e need men and women who will leave home and go from one district to another, hold meetings and use personal contact methods. I fird that it is sometimes diffi cult to get many to come to a Si l he 4t a "uî y k Lend 1 ° j , ! d " ee ® ef * first a ^ 063 ar?er ^ hG * (BY W. F.) Toledo, Wash., April 7.—The people all over this state are now leauy for organization but I am sorry to say that the reason we NOT ALTOGETHER A DEFEAT Wo held a meeting at Winlock on April 6. I had often heard of this towjn. We waited patiently for a crowd to gather, but there were about eight people there. The hall cost $2.50. This was not, al SOUTH DAKOTA UR GROWING RAPIDLY League Organizer Uses Movie of Bonus, Hunger Marchers in Work (BY N. N.j Hillhead, S. Dak. April 24.—The United Farmers League ha s just about organized all of Roberts oouttity, South Dakota and is get ting Into Marshall and Day coun ties. There !%ve been quite a few meetings around here with good attendance. We had a meeting in Hillhead the other night with a mevie, showing the bonus ami the burger marchers to Washington, D. C., last year. It was good. There will be a big meeting in Sisseton next Saturday to adopt plan s for the boys that are to leave from here oin the next bonus march. We are also planning a big dem onstration May 1 at Aberdeen, S. D. There are no mroe foreclosure sales or evictions as the County Committee of Action is handlitng those matters in a way that was unthinkable years ago. A Conti nental Congress is to be held at Washington, D, C. May 6 and 7. Worker and farmer delegates from 32 states are going to demand im mediate relief fnom the Congress at Capitol Hill. No relief will come from any of the two old pa> ties. We got to go there ourselves if we want a change. ™ T The United Farmers League at it s recent Executive Council meeting demanded that Nile Cochran, Iowa farmer, falsely convicted for shooting a rum runner, be granted an' un coin ditional pardon. "We have considered the evi reports James Flower, COCHRAN PARDON IS DEMANDED BY U. F. L. COUNCIL deuce, Why Do We Need a United Farmers League National Office?! Dear Comrade Ferguson: I am glad that you have raised h V°L n M W M X w y ^ dl m i? eW t We dlscuased f hem ^ Execatlv ® Coun ' riLSn wf S™ 6 ° I? 6 C ° n : elusion we did after a thorough d ~ n - „ . ^ .. .. J We are all agreed <*i the high salaried leaders and there is not much chance of any high salaries developing in the United Farmers League just because we are a fighting farmers organization. RANK AND FILE MUST BE ACTIVE You aie certainly correct when you say that we must not depend on the leaders. It is the farm ers' fight and they must partici pate in all phases of the work. We think though that it is nec essary to let the farmers know that we have capable leaders in our organization. We thing, for example, that every farmer in the territory in which you are work ing should know that the U. F. L. organizer, Bill Ferguson, is a man who knows the farmers' needs and knows how to lead them to fight for better conditions and win them. It surely i s bad to "continual ly harp about the need of funds and the perpetual call on the hers for mottiey. though not to have the few pennies needed to carry on the work tiiat i s absolutely essential If we are to have a real fighting farmers movement in this country. WHY DO WE NEED A FEW PENNIES mem It is a let worse »> Just why do wa reed these fowl 1 a m afraid that a good many of us lose sight of ; the fact that we are in the threes of a desperate class struggle. This ; struggle is getting harder and fiercer as the capitalist class see the shrinkage in their profite. A j class struggle mealrs fight and we as workers and farmers need to , fight harder all the time. FASCIST MOVEMENT We have a great fascist move r X a " d Xh ?Ï of terrorism that German fascism U M d , e l Hitler k* c0n ? ehre J i aRa will be even fiercer when it does strike. It is time the people woke up and prepared by organization and education to defend themselves. To my mind we cannot wait, long er, we must organize and fight continually to bring a message of hepe to the starving millions of American farmers and do it now. together a defeat. In fact we never lose and in this case it has merely emphasized the fact that a lot of personal contact! work is needed. RELIEF DEMAND WON BY ACTION United Farmers League in Washington Leads Fight for Increased Relief (BY R. N.) Sedro-VVoolley, Wash. April ! 19.—Under the leadership of the United Farmers League ) farmers and small stump ranchers in and around Ham ilton held a mass meeting at which they drew up demands for more relief from the Ska git County Welfare Board. At the time of their mass meet ilng a family would only get $1 a| w eek in the form of a voucher for relief. The farmers drew up demands (or *1.76 a week fcr a family of A com mittee was elected to call on Mr. Morgan, head of the Wei fare Board and hav e him come to Hamilton and meet them at their demonstration for relief which was held a few days after the meeting. three and 25 cents extia for each one in the family over three; shoes and clothing for every one, and all the garden seed they [needed. WIN DEMANDS .. ., . x „ , At the demonstration there were over a hundred farmers to back up the demands. Thru this mass pressure Mr. Mot rÄn * ed demands, This was a grtait victory for the farmers as it doubled the amount of relief they were getting and it also showed tiWem that when th were ganized they can get what they go after. mass or th© national secretary, cannot se e on what basis he can be sentenced. We hold that it is a case of injustice to him and to his wife ard family." u and .pennies in, the national off ice ?, Every week we get quite a num ber of letters in the offi ce here ! farmers thruout the country asking about how they ôhoall go | ahea f 311(1 or ? anize - Similar let ters keep coming into the National Office. ft certainly ^ be ^ rf we had individual could go to each of these munities but We haven't, letter^must be answered. It is not only individual farmers organizers who eom So "he BRITISH SPY CAUGHT W ■M * WM sSSSK.v li 1 m WM K*;,- V i| ■■ :? % ■ : v / m 1 ; I I 1 : X-X;'; J I li m-. M| i ■ j I I Sfc m t tt rra. — William H. Thornton, (right) British spy, working for the Metropolitan Vickers company in Moscow, who was sentenced to three years in jail recently when he was caught by the Soviet police. - ACTION RETAINS FARMFR'^IANH rjuimcit 0 Lftiwi Mont. Farmers Keep Neigh bor on Land He Has Plowed for Years (BY C. H.) Dagmar, Mont., May 2.—A year ago the Federal Land Bank fore closed o n William Nace. Some time last fall they sold the place to Nels Joigen Anderson, Nace Wrote repeatedly to Ander -on to stay off of the place. Nace had farmed the la'd every year planned cn farming it this year, Last Wednesday Nace came from Hougland, Montana, where he was living and went to see Chris Mad sen ' secretar >' of the local Farm SÄ »7 dOT^celo "them if Anderson would return the con tract, sc Nace went to see Ander scn NOTHING DOING? The latter told him "Nothing Doing," that he had already be gar plowing and had plowed 40 Thursday Nace notified the United Farmers League and the Holiday Association. Twenty-one farmers from the community wert ever to see An derson, but he was at Reserve, 14 miles away. They followed him and brought him home. A meeting was held in Ander son's house and he decided to give up the latnd. He was paid for hfs plowing ard every 1 one went heme in good spirits. acres. 0 A charged with the punishment fixed at the handed The verdict "guilty as electric chair" Which down in the Decatur courtroom was . . TT , _ gf* retried, has electrified the world. The storm of protest was imme diate a"d spontaneous. The issues raised so diamatical ly at the trial in Decatur, Ala., are dealt with in two basic pamphlets dealing with the Negro question. These are The Amer i can Negio alnd Negro Liberation, both written by James S. Allen, a^d selling at 10 cents a copy. There are two additional pamph lets dealing with specific aspects 0 f Negro oppression. Lynching by Harry Haywood attid Milton How ard, traces the causes of lynching land suggests how to fight it. Tt sells at 5 cents a copy. The Chain Gang, by John L. Spivak, (which will be run serially in the Produc ers News beginning next week),! describes the conditions he found on personal investigation of the chain gangs and read stockades in Georgia. It is profusely illustrated with photos of tortures taken on the spot by the author and s ells at 5 cents. These pamphlets are obtainable at the Producers News, Plenty wood, Montana. i who write to us. The state orga nizer of your state wrote recently to get our opinion as to certain problems which face him as state organizer. We sent the letter to the National Office and they an swered it. We th^.k the few nen nies spent are well woven the ex pense. STATE OFFICERS WILL NEED FUNDS The same reeq for to carry in the absolutely neces sary work will show themselves so.» e m os DELEGATES PROPOSE UNITED FRONT MARCH TO DEMAND IMMEDIATE AID FR0M LEGISLATURE FOR DESTITUTE The Ohio Farmers Conference took place April 22 at Columbus, the state capitol. An enthusiastic crowd of farmers filled the hall, among whom were 48 accredited delegates from ten counties. In terest ini the conference extended over 22 counties, but lack of money prevented many delegates from attending the Conference, W. E. Callahan of the Confer enc e Call Committee opened the meeting and read the Conference Call after which Fred Borer of Defiance County was elected chair man of the Conference, VPI , n _ 1 FOR ACTION F . ar . mers £° m . COu,,ties . re * f°J ted °f " econdîtiotig facing *A Â'KÎ f Ä 'their" h«Lf,T r ou7h foreclosure alnd eviction. ™ at the pli e h t of Ohio farm ers is equally a s serious as farm ers in other states Was well point ed out by John Marshall , who was elected executive secretary cr the Ohio Farmers League which was formed by the Conference. He showed that one out of every four Ohio farmers had been closed out by 1933 and farm wages had (hopped to the lowest level in 33 years. He said that farm auto mobiles are rustling because fann ers can't buy the gasoline to run them, telephones have been cut eff, and the horse is replacing the tractor, all cf which means the lowering of the American farmer to the status of the European peasant. In order to form a bulwark of WILL STRIKE MAY 1 IF RELIEF BOARD WONT GRANT DEMANDS WORKERS IN SNOHOMISH COUNTY, WASHING TON, DEMAND 50 CENTS AN HOUR FOR RELIEF Arlington, Wash.. April 15.—A huge crowd of unemployed work ers . vote d last night at a mass mee ting in the Labor Temple to stlike Ma y 1 unless the Snohom SMALLEST WINTER WHEAT CROP SINCE 1904 IS ESTIMATED Washington, D. C., April 10.— The winter wheat crop for the present year, estimated by the De partment of Agriculture on the basis of April 1 reports as 334,000 000 bushels, will be the lowest since 1904. The condition of win ter wheat was placed at about 60 per cent of normal, the lowest on record. i i 1 334,000,000 bushels, compares 1 with 311 actual harvest of 462,000, bushels last year and a five The winter wheat crop estimate ; y ear average for 1924-1928 of 689,000,000 bushels, Large areas of wheat will be abandoned „ due to the miserable price which it would bring if bar 1 vested for market. j RENEW YOUR SUBSCRIPTION \ TODAY—$2 a year. Renew Your Subscription Now in our state organizations as we get a real farmers' move ment going in any one s ate. The sto.te organizer will have to give advice. Somehow this money must be raised if we are to grow. It must the farmers be cause it is their battle. Therefore we decided 1 on dues stamps easy way of getting a little regu lar income. Dues is never going to be a qualification for member ship in the United Farmers as sooir come from as an defense against further lowering of their living standards the farm ers decided to prganize on a town ship basis attid to build the Ohio Farmers League on a state basis. CALL FOR MARCH TO CAPITOL In addition to forming local or ganizations to fight against evic tions, the farmers decided to issue a call to all farm organizations to join in a statewide march t> the capitol demanding that the gover nor convene the legislature to en act legislation in behalf of the farmer. Among the demands to be pre sented to the legislature was cash relief for all destitute farm fam ilies and farm workers to be paid by the state; a moratorium on mortgages, interest, rents, and taxes; abolition of deficiency judg ments; and the setting up of a price regulating body to reduce prices to consumers and raise them to farmers by reducing the profits cf middlemen. APPLAUSE FOR TAYLOR Among the speakers at the Con ference was E. C. Greenfield of the Small Home and Land Own ers Federation who pledged the suppoit of his organization num bering 12,000 members to farmers who are facing eviction. Charles Taylor, chairman of the Executive Council of the United Faimers League, brought forth ringing applause from the packed hall when he spoke about the mili tant action of the United Farmers league and farmers of the north west. ish County Welfare Board grants its demands by that date. By a unanimous vote the crowd that jammed the audi torium demanded that cash relief of 50 cents an hour, six hours a day, wjth' industrial insurance, be provided the employed. Unless this is vided by May 1, they declared, they will refuse to work. Executives of the organization met with the Snohomish County Welfare Board yesterday alnd quested that the unemployed be furnished water, light and housing, paid $3.60 a day and that mittee of the unemployed be al lowed to distribute clothing to the needy. All of these requests fused. un pro re a corn were re A resolution presented by the Farmers League of south ern Snohomish County was adopted at the meeting. The resolution petitions Governor Martin to see that the ployed are treated "not vagabond wayfarers but unit of society, contended in the resolution that the present work relief program i s an expensive meth od, creates dissatisfaction in the hearts of the unfair to labor. unem as as a It was also » mem and m j League. You have done just this m your collections. STAMPS WILL SHOW THEY ARE HELPING All we propose is that a farmer should get a ten cent stamp two bit stamp when he pays this money and that part of the dues paad should go to the state and national offices. We think the farmers would like to have dues stamps m their books showing that they are helping their League little financially to do the neces sary work. If they can't pay their dues they will be in just as good standing a s though they had. . . e y are ^lliftg and anxious to 1 join with us," a s you say, pay a little as they are able, may take a little while for these people to pay the dollar do it in time or a a u and ! '> u It an amount equal to year fee, but they will " a s your letter states. a ADVICE IS NEEDED It isn't really ^ "trainload of advice class a question of a sincere conscious effort and indi J 1 ^ 1 sacrifice." W haven't got < Rainloa d of advice in the first p . lace> f ut w c can give a little ad vice attid the advice is needed. We need advice AND "sincere class conseunig effort attid individual rifice." OR a sac We , _ are glad you wrote, Com rade Ferguson. If there are anv °ther questions that you think should be discussed do n«t fail write to us. We must jointly de jvelop the best methods for orga mzing the farmers to struggle for a better life amd such discussions help a lot in this direction. Oom rad ely y ours, THE EDITOR. to International News Prepare War Against Italy Paris, April 24.—Forty ships, manned by u 000 men, will participate ilni French Navy ver 8 which opened today in th e Mediterra the concentration in Corsican water of etical enemy fleet. near. a the«. wife Irish Teachers Strike Dublin, April 26.—All primai y school closed today, with the exception of those Catholic and Protestant leligicus bodies, closed today as tie result of a strike called f or diay by the teachers in protest against the wa« cuts put through by the DeValera governm^» More thattu 10,000 teachers took part in the strike s wer« run by one Hitler Establishes Secret Police Berlin, April 27.—A special secret police hiu been- established in Prussia in ordei to intensify the attack on the Communist Party and th e n*jj. tant working das» Will Amalgamate Steel Helmet Berlin, April 26.—Theodore Ducsterberg, sec ond in command of tire Stahlhelm (Steel Helmet) military organization' of the Nationalist party, has been removed from office by Franz Seldte, chief of the organization. Seldte has become part of Hitler's party and is cooperating with rim lo bring the Stahlhelm into the Fascsit mlitary oigunita tion-. Hitler Dissolves Masonic Lodge Berlin, April 19.—Hitler has decieed the dis solution of all Masonic lodges in the country. They are to be "reorganized" on a fascist basis. Expel Jewish University Students Berlin, April 19.—Jewish students will be yi r . tually barred from all German universities i* der a new law being drafted by the Hitler government. Another law is in the making which provides for fascist control of ail student orga izations. War Alliances Around "Peace Treaty Warsaw, Poland, April 24.—.An agreement against revision of tr e Versailles peace treaty was signed today by France and her allies in Europe. These include Czechoslovakia, Rumania, and Po land. This is a counter attack to the four power conference pioposed by Mussolilri, and partially supported by Great Britain for a revision of the treaty of Versailles. It is preparation of a new imperialist war. >» Anti-Communist Campaign in Malta Malta, April 24.—O v ' a Governor's warrari issued under the sedition ordinance the residences rf nine persons suspected cf Communist connec tio's were raided this morning. Six were arrested, including the secretary of the Labor party. Forsee World Economic Struggle Paris, April 24.—The French capitalist class sees the possibility of a "world battle between the dollar and the pound" wrich would result i n "world disaster. »> They admit also, according to the capitalist press that "it would be impossible for France to avoid becoming involved lev such a coinflict." War Brewing on Polish Border Hindenburg, Upper Silesia, Germany, April 24.—Both the German and the Polish capitalists are stirring up a war hysteria amend the Polish corridor. Two ^rights ago a vertible war scar 6 was started on the German side of the border. The cry went out, "the Poles are coming.' thing happened on the Polish side. The same Aim Blow at Canadian Mass Organizations Toronto, Canada.—Press dispatches from Montreal state that Premier Taschereau in the Quebec legislature, is introducing a bill to dissolve There Is 150 all << communistic organizations, doubt that this bill ig aimed direclty at the Cans* fiian Labor Defense League, Workers Unity League, the unemployed organizations, a' d °t^ er militant mass organizations of the working dass. To Put Curb on Workers Periodicals Toronto, Canada.—Under the cloak of légiste* tion against "obscene" literature and publications, the Ontario provincial government is introducing legislation to curb "seditious literature". W* means a further attack upon periodicals and r u ^ 1 - cations of the militant working class. British Refuse to Pay War Debt« London, April 25.—The budget which Ner» e Chamberlain, Chancellor of the Exchequer, pi* sented to the House of Commons contained « provisions for the payment of the war debt» j* the United States. This is the weapon of British imperialists in the world economic gles just as inflation is the weapon of Wall today. President of Peru Assassinated Lima, Peru, April 30.—President Sattiche* ' assassinated today after reviewing between * _ and 30,000 troops Who are to be used in' the Alberto Mendoza, a gle against Colombia. he r of tie Aprista party, was killed by troop» ^ police on charges of having murdered the dettit. Italy Prepares for War Geneva, April 30.—Italian contractors »re ^ ported rushing work ion* harbor impro ve ® en ^ Albania. The imperialist powers >-■ preparation for war, since Albania comm»"' best mountain passes leading into Yu go- 31» of the Little Entente allies of France.