Newspaper Page Text
*>> 0*% . m - _ COUNIT EDITION THE PRODUCERS NEWS O * 16th SOVIET anniversary EDITION f S. Y ? I ' t t OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE UNITED FARMERS LEAGUE PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, NOVEMBER 3, 1933 XVI. Number 32 VOL Published Weekly Western Delegations Converge on Denison For Big Mass Meeting I I Iowa Town is in Center of Area that Was Over-run By National Guard Under Martial Law Last May; Thousands Expected at Meeting SO. DAK. GETS DELEGATES AS IT BUILDS U.F.L. Thirty-two Delegates Coming from Strike Counties in Central Wisconsin; Charles E. Taylor Is Touring Area for Conference DENISON, Iowa— A huge meeting will be held here on Nov. 11 to greet the farwest, midwest and northwest delega tions as they pass through on their way to Chicago for the Farmers Second National Conference. Denison was the center of the martial law area last May when Gov. Herring called out* the national guard to terrorize* fanners who were preventing evic tions and foreclosure*. It is ex pected that thousands of farmers from the surrounding territory will greet the delegates at the meeting. fhe delegations from Washing ton. Oregon, Montana, North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Nebras ka and Iowa will meet at Deinison Nov. 11. or « CHICAGO, 111.—The Unemploy ed Council*, and the Trade Union Unity League, leading organiza tion of the Chicago workers, are arranging a monster mass meet ing on tlie evening of Nov. 17, in honor of the farmer delegates to the Fanners Second National Con ference. Preparations are going forward rapidly for taking care of the del egate? during their stay in this city. The Food' Worker* Indus trial Union and the Unemployed Councils will assist the Workers International Relief in feeding the delegates. J. C. McDonald, chairman cf tiie Railroad Brotherhoods U.rity Movement has extended brotherly greetings to the Farmers Second National Conference on behalf of the railroad worker* throughout ' the country. . , ' national, . . ... , . the central counties of this state, 12 delegate* have been elected in ' the strike area. There will be Taylor Touring Wisconsin Charles E. Taylor, efcairman of the United Farmers League, is holding meetings in the central part of Wisconsin, in prep aration for the conference. From , ta j ix-rr *• # «] mere than 50 delegates (rum Wu ' ' , ,, „ , r» V r country, Sopth Dakota farmers mittr/arthS while taMng - , . . * V .t eomhmjng the building of the Farmers League with *e «nng delegates to the Chicago conrerence. Unlike other sections Delegates Elected Frtir. Portage toWnship in South Dakota, €. F. Er-gle has been Mecfced a delegate. In the Horse creek community the newly organ itfii U. F L. elected Matt Hilton •ad Arne Jaskela. Brown county is «endir g four more delegates. At a meeting in Britton to set •Pa U. F. L. Marshall county committee, three delegates were dected. At another meeting held for a similar purpose in the Grant county court house, another dele R«te wa« elected. Minnesota Delegate« Reports have come in of the following delegates elected from Minnesota: At a Holiday meeting in Willow River, three delegates were chosen. At a mass meeting in Brimson called by the U. F, L. one delegate elected. Another at Shan. ■Another at Cherry. •ounty is sending two women del egates. Beltrami From Montana Goiup Laursen has been chos en to represent the farmers from •round Dagmar. At a meeting ® Plenty-wood, Charles E. Taylor •*<i Lina Swanson were elected. From Raymond Otto M Ben Void will be sent From Idaho, Canyon county will Wnd three delegates and twin 116 <>re - rv .. WURLD WHEAT CROP LOWER RUT PR ITT IS I nwro ern l o LAJVVlLK o 1 ILL WtoUllT „ m - *v, . HlNGTON, D. C.—World . j*** Production: this year, out « o- the Soviet Union and China By the Bureau of Ag Economics to be three a billion bushels. This is ö r™)- ° n bushels lower than the P^cedirg harvest. c the reduced world t*-~, * beat Prices at Liverpool, In WÏf ° f f° 1d - h*™ fallen to the s ' nce tbe economic ****"• Grantham — - I 7 Negro Farmers Arrested In Attack on Croppers Union! Refused to PickCotton for Less Than 50 Cents Per Cwt. ; Refused to Sign Over Cotton Benefits to.Land lords Who Try to Incite Lynch Spirit avera S e - Frank Wood, large planter, re lused to pay even this miserable and consequently the Ne boycotted him and refused cotton on his place. Wood w ^° has frequently threatened to hill every Negro and member of the Sharecroppers Union, imme dlatel Y mobilized the sheriff's, .forces and armed gangs of depu 1 andlords. These armed gangs have ransacked the homes of Negro farmers, jailed those Ne groes w .o they believe are the leaders of the Share Croppers and a tt« m Pted to terrorize the Negro population of the cour* ty. WASHINGTON, D. C.—The tee for Action reports that farm workers have been thrown Alabama, and that eight more armed sheriffs deputies. The arrest and. persecution of these Negroes grows out of the refusal of the Sharecroppers' Union to pick cotton for less than 50 cents a hundred pounds. Although this is the price generally paid to cotton pickers in this section, it means les» than $1 a day on an _. XT . , , . A. T ^ aFm< ' rs l 11 jail a* Lafayette are Jame s Kim-; 5 I a „- T, ut CarL John Willis, Perry 'j' G wr ^ e p lrrrm *. Jim Spence,. and John Taylor. Landlord. Enraged 8 recent Ietter "> F "* ei«' National Weekly, official or gan of the Farmers National Com mittee for Action, a Negro share-1 cropper described how the refusal of the Negro tenant* to sign away their share of tke ment checks for plowing up cotton i has enraged the landlord class, i There is every indication that j the landlords are trying to whip \ up a lynch spirit among the white farmers. With the lynching of George Arm wood in Princess Aime, Md., and the recent lynching* at Tuscaloosa and Decatur, Alabama, fresh in our memory, it is vitally important that farmers through out the country take such steps as will head off this lynch movement in Chambers county. All farm organizations, »national, state, and local, are urged to hold meetings, raise funds for the de fense of these Negro farmers and farm workers, and immediately send letters or telegrams of pro test to Sheriff Bob Slay, Lafayette, Ala., against thi* attack on the Negro farmers ard their organi zation, the Sharecroppers Union. Try t« Break Up Organization croppers union to double its delegation to the Farmers Second Natinal Con fertnee in Chicago where, in unity and solidarity with the impover ished white farmers 'if this ecun try, Negro ard white, teyh will ] a y d <>wn a program of action for real relief," a representative of the national committee stated. "One of the burning problems S facing the exploited farmers of the country is the question of un ity. This conference has as one of its prlmarv aims strengthening ; solidarity between impoverished Negro a,"d white farmers, ; unity will bring more power not ; only to the Negro sharecroppers in ' Alabama hut to the white farmers is the south, to the ruin I ed farmer* of the entire country." This latest outbreak of terror against the croppers is another attempt on the part of the land lords to crush the militant Share Croppers Urion which is oroganiz resist this ir«g the croppers to robbery. "This new attack on the share union should lead the Such COMING TO U. S. I v y , m I m y 1 v ; V m ■ . I t t Maxim Litvinov, Soviet Commis j sar for Foreign Affairs, who is admitted even by capitalist writerg to ht the meet able statesman in 1 the world. He has already left the Soviet Union and will arrive here next week to take part in conversations with Pres. Roosevelt' which are expected to lead to So viet recognition by this country. 1 I j WASHINGTON, D. C.—Nearly all Arkansas farmers who . . ceived checks for plowing under cotton, and against whose crop the government held a lien, have turned over these checks to the government in payment of loans, j "Where the farmers owed money to the corporation, reports the Farm Credit Administration, checks were made payable jointly to the Farm Credit Administration and the f armer . The Pine Bluff (Ark.) office wa* authorized to en dorge t he checks on behalf of t h e Administration, and this was 1 d<me Farmers National Commit- ' seven Negro tenant farmers and into jail in Chambers county are being hunted by heavily j | j * COTTON BENEFITS GO FOR REPAYING OF GOYT. LOANS re <4 the The check was then a vail able for cashing by the farmers. : In. endorsing and mailing the bene (it checks , B ,he branch office noti f ied the farmers that they could cas ^ the check*, if they wanted to, ' and lef , it the 1 "i^' to repay loans. Almost unam ! mousiy they repaid their loans." 1 Strange. such una^imitv. W*. wonder what the Farm Credit Ad ministration could have had to do with it. J _ j " I , ! WHAT 16 YEARS OF SOVIET RULE HAS BROUGHT * BY L. M. LERNER OVEMBER 7, 1933, is the sixteenth anniversary of the Russian Revolution. On that world-shaking day in 1917, the Russian workers and farmers took up arms and drove out of • their land the capitalists and big landowners. They were tired of the three year a of im perialist war they had waged for the protection of capitalist profits. They were tired of the whole capitalist system of rob bery and oppression which left them hungry and homeless, while it filled to overflowing the bellies of the parasites. With the Bolshevik Party at their head, the Russian work ers and peasants destroyed the government of capitalists and big landlords, and get up in its place a government of workers and farmem Their goal was the building of a socialist sys tem of society where the wel fare of those who toil, and not the profit* of the few, would» N 1 | he the guiding principle, i_. _ r r PART OF A CELEBRATION IN THE RED SQUARE, MOSCOW æp •X v ÜÜÜ I «SÛ T . ... * . J vf v,Xs-: iliii t-?': ÜMN m m m mm y ■ re v _ _ -&• WJ 3 - A *&**ï^k'*v gggS •t f*. BRI >: ■ I STOP THIS FAKER! We are printing below a letter that was sent by the Nebraska state secretary of the Reno Holiday to locals throughout the state. A copy of the letter was sent to Producers New» by a Holiday farmer. This brazen and hysterical appeal for funds to en able Reno and his henchmen to prepare further be trayals of the rank and file of his organization should be exposed far and wide among Holiday members. * ♦ ♦ ♦ COPY OF A LETTER SENT BY RENO'S STATE SECRETARY IN NEBRASKA TO RENO HOLIDAY LOCALS IN THAT STATE j October 19, 1933 BROTHER FARMER: Are we dead? Are we deserving of the fruits of certain victory that lie before us at this moment ? There is no other time to act. Strike while the iron is hot. State president, Harry Parmenter paid part of hi s own ex penses on the trip to Washington», D. C. Your state secretary has borrowed and spent several hundred dollars to carry on. President Roosevelt is friendly to the farmer* "Code" which carries provisions for cost of production. Cost of production for the farmers cures this economic disease. Why continually find fault with the effects of it? The President of the United States concedes that he may give Us cost of production prices. Our lips are now sealed. We have ro money. Washington department heads and the governors of different states demand» that we bring pressure so that they Vill have cuse for helping us get what we want, can't do a thing. We have no money. Governor* of many states will put an embargo on the ship ment of meats and grains if there Is a demand for it. With this the farmers of the nation would get what they want in less than a week. But our hands are tied. We have no money. Governor Bryan» of Nebraska is friendly to our program but an ex Cost of production." We 44 we are not even giving him our good Vill support We have money. no We are negotiating' a tie up with the transportation branche* of organized labor to make embargoes in all states effective if we can get the money to do it. We are on the right track. We can't fire up. money. The national officers have none. IN THE NAME OF OUR HEAVENLY FATHER CANT WE GET MONEY? Send us ten dollars out of your own pocket. Take this letter and get your neighbor to do the same. Reimburse yourselves later on, with memberships if you will, but send us money. Do it now. We have no Yours very truly, P. C. Crocker, Secretary National Farmers Holiday Association (Nehr. Divis.) ÇTPItTPÇ ÇllA'ï ' m jllUIVLlXO Mil/1 in + COLD BLOOD. SAYS AN EYE WITNESS j SAN FRANCISCO, Callf.-- M I _ , ... PcreorLs shot down in cold blood," says Theodore R. Smith reporter for the San Fran C.SCO News, an. eyewUneee of the massacre m Tulare Oct. 10, m an account of the .rents written (or, s paper. "The meeting adjourned," he writes. "The strikers Were walk Capitalist Reporter Writes of Massacre of Cotton Pickers in Tulare TO THE RUSSIAN PEASANTS , j i revolutionary armies, together with the troops of foreign in terventionist*, were repelled and Counter Revolution Many imperialist governments, notably those of the United States, France, Great Britain, and Japan, extended active aid to the capitalist elements arti czarist White Guards, who for years waged a bitter struggle to overthrow the Soviet govern ment. What is more, they (U. S., France, Great Britain, and Japan) sent troop* and war ships to help the White Guards in their counter-revolutionary attempts. The fighting strength of a people is never so great as when it is thrown, into battle in the interests of the toiler* them selves. After four years of civil war (and in some places as late as 1925), the counter l ing slowl y acres* the street to their union quarters "Suddenly a farmer (plantation owner) fired into the crowd. Strik ers jumped on. him. "A fierce fusilade rang out from the other farmers. "The strikers broke, ran into their red brick, two storied head quarters building. All but a few. They lay in their own tracks where the farmers' bullet* had dropped them. Some lay very still. Others weakly pulled them selves up on their elbows, tried to C "^ T 1 to safet Y j Not as much as a water pistol appeared in, the handa of the be „eitrerT H^hway Polle, tapto tor drove a , the shooti ^ dowIX H sat i„ Wa car a> the fend owners and th( . ^^ Iantos , and thags hired by them to help murder the striker* drove slowly away. No arrests were made. -, driven out of the Soviet Union. The policies of the cztuist government before and ounng the World War had reduced the Russian industries to a »täte of almost complete ruin. It was the task of tke Soviets to build upon the ruins a gigantic net work of socialist factories, mills and mines with iron and steel »and machine-construction as the base, in order to effectively sup ply the manifold meeds of the whole of the toiling population. Peasant Problem Another major problem wa* the drawing together of the millions of small-holding peas ants into collective forms of work and the establishment of large-scale socialist farming with the universal use of the mo*t modem agricultural ma chinery. This was necessary for two reasons: First, to raise the Reno Betrays Farmers Once iMore and Calls off Strike* IScab Kills a Picket In Wise. J All Shipments Stopped in Upper Counties of Wisconsin TIE-UP IS COMPLETE Chief Fluid Milk Markets Have Not Yet Been Affected BY JOHN HETTS (Written on the Picket Line in Clark County, Win.) ABBOTSFORD, Wis., Oct. 25. (By mail).— The general strike of all farm produce is ; effective in northern and cen ; tral Wisconsin. The strike I according to the true Reno style, was called at a moment's notice wiHt r . T. V^ meni ? lce ^ preparation. Tae large number of scabs going through clearly shows the folly of ■ tnking without pickets. After warning every cheese fac tory on Oct. 22 and ! : 23, pickets made the round* again on Tues day. Oct. 24 to insurT that all fac tories were closed. Several fac tories refused to close. so pickets dumped their milk. In Milan, Marathon county. 60. ^rSTutes ° f lS ilk WM J) minutes. Here one scab truck driver threatened to shoot at the All truck drivers for the White House Milk Company (A. & P. owned) were warned to stay home Sunday and Monday in Clark and Marathon counties. The White House condensery at Abbotsford did not get a drop of milk and was forced to close down, The White House at Stratford re ceived some milk, hut this was later dumped into the river by • pickets. On Wednesday the con densery was reported closed. highway 13 and 29, the picket lines were established on Monday, Oct. 28 and they stayed day and night. The next picket lines were organized in Spencer and Withee, in Clark county and at the junc tkm of highways 97 and 29 in Marathon 1 county . . . Telephone connections have been established pickets, and received a beating for his insolence. A. & P. Forced to Close to a> Strike Starts in Clark County Clark county in the central part of Wisconsin was the first county to be closed tight. This was be cause of the activity of the United Farmers League and the Farm Holiday Association! locals in get ting the picket lines organized promptly. At Abbotsford, junction of state -, I small and midde peasants from their age-old poverty and ig norance; and second, to in create the quality and tke quantity of the earth's yield. In these 16 ysars of work ers' and peasants' rule, to What extent have these task* been carried out? Before the Revolution, Russia did not have a big iron and steel industry. It had no tractor, no »automobile, no engineering, no aviation industries. It had no big and modem chemical in dustry nor an industry for the production of modem agricul tural machinery. In the pro duction of coal, oil, and elec tricity, she was te*t on the list of European countries. Today, 1|ie Soviet Union has all of these. What is more, the size and significance of Soviet industries are of such enormous r STRIKE PICKET IS KILLED BY SCABS IN WISCONSIN MADISON, Wis., Oct. 29.—Guil der Felland, a 60-year old strike picket, was killed in Dane county yesterday, by scabs running truck through the picket line near Madison. a i i Frank McCorison, a salesman has been arrested and is charged with first degree murder. McCorison was in an automobile accompanying a scab truck as it broke through the picket line. Mc Corison is then» said to have re turned to his machine., stepped out ^ckS'llnTwi "g ÄT Harvey and John McCorisorihave also been arrested. The first is charged with "assault with intent to bodily injury," and the sec ° nd has "<> charge placed against him yet. _-_ between Unes m these section*. trucks Ruling farm produce W( T e tar f ed back * . . °? , 26 ' a ca [ avan 0 * eleven as burned back ** , ^ as burned back ** u v \ urL*™** 5 ,! 'TÜ turned No ^ ' 0 cattl ® wer. shipped from^ Clark ^ • ° f ® attle . '^ ere revorted f?W' [ n? Ï 1 fa ™ P roduce by rail and R theJ w jn v. e ff ec ted f0 on ! One truck, after running the ; picket lines at Spencer, was halt ed at Abbotsford, after disregard ing picket signals. He ran over' a spike tooth harrow and two spiked planks a^d stopped because there was no air in his tires. The at truck was unloaded and allowed of to proceed after the tires had been repaired. re- The sheriff appeared on the scene soon afterward, having been summerd by the truck drivers who were previously stopped by the pickets. He told the pickets that stopping all trucks was against the orders of Goldamer, county Holiday chairman. We told him that the farmers were running this strike and not Goldamer, and to keep out of the way. Although a sheriff escort had been promised a fleet of meat trucks, the trucks were turned back. Delegates for Chicago Meanwhile, preparations are go j ing on for getting delegates for 1 the Farmers Second National Con ference in Chicago Nov. 15 to 18 We have already elected 32 dele gates from this territory. Dele gates are being gotten from the in Milk Pool and the Milk Producers Association in the southern part of the state. J Sheriff Tries to Break Picket Lines at Abbotsford , I lire dimensions that they pale into insignificance all the rest of : Europeap industry, and are rap idly approaching the level of the | United States. j ! Industrial Growth I At the end of 1932, Soviet in- i dustrial production was 334 per- ; cent of its pre-war leveL In fo» 1 ! i United States, during tins same period, production had dropped to 84 percent. Taking 1928 figures as a comparison, Soviet production rose to 219 percent, while in the United States it fell to 56 percent. Whereas there are today 17, 000,000 milHon unemployed in. the United States, in the Soviet Union unemployment hag been done away with as far back as two years ago. How has the Soviet Union succeeded in her ta*ks of de veloping large-scale farming, socializing agriculture, and im proving the conditions of the small and middle peasants? Large Scale Farming At the end of 1932, more than 60 per cent, or 14,500,000 peas ants had been organized into 211,000 collective farms. These cover more than 70 percent of the sown area. At the same time, 5,000 grain and stock breeding farms have been or ganized which are directly dwned by the Soviet Govern ment. In the period between 1928 and 1932, the sown area of the Soviet Union was increased by 62.500.000 acres. When small peasant farming predominated, nine to ten mil lion tons of marketable grain j were collected. In 1932, when (Continued on page 8) Meeting of Governors and Farm "Leaders" Put End to Strike an CALL FOR FARM CODE National Guard in Iowa i_l J D , , , ,, *mu oeen Used to Stop Picketing _ DES MOINES, la., Oct. 31, _With characteristic treach ery to ^ rank ^ me tarm . ft' Milo Kaio and his fellow 1 j ikerb at Ü1C head ot the i ' a . rm Holl day Association have ,! eti strike which they ca ! ® d wltho,ut preparation Oct. 21. ® ° U ^ p Was ^ rep °i t ^ rawn th e Governor's conference in Des Moines, in Which the governors of low Wisconsin, North Dakota, South Dakota> Minnesota, Nebra* ka, Indiana, lUinois, and Kansas, or their representatives partici with Holiday, p armers Union, and other treach erous lead ® rs * ro^rTtas been sent to Prfe*idef*t Roosevelt, Gavent' Demands The report calls fwthedraftm* <>« a * NRA code for imra ^ iate c ^ a "cy inflation, the i speeding up of mortgage refinanc j i rt g, and barring of foreign im - ports of grains, oils, fats and other competitive farm products. T be re P ort states "We also recog nize the progrès* which he (Pres. Roosevelt) has thus far made." Bo anxious were Holiday offi cials to call off the strike, that the Wisconsin Hoilday head, Arnold Gilbert, wired strikers in his etata enc ^ the strike at once. This be f° re the report of the Governor's Singler's Milk Pool announced that this would mean that the Milk ! Pool would also end it's strike, j Wisconsin has been» the only state where the strike, With mili tant picketing activity, has been Koing on in earnest, Governors Larger, North Da kota, Olson, Minnesota, Herring, I° w a, and Schmede man, Wisconsin are proceeding to Washington to | lay their rgcommendations before ■ Militia in Iowa ! DES MOINES, Iowa.—Harry C. Parmenter, one of Reno's lieuten j ants in Nebraska, has declared the government would help Holiday leaders prevent picketing. Th« 1 meaning of this was quickly re vealed when 30 Iowa National i Guardsmen were deputized and ' sent to break up the picket line*. j They were dressed in uniform and coherence was announced. William B. Rubin, attorney for Roosevelt. fully armed. At their head» Were Captain C. R. Seitz and three other officers. They were sta tioned at a Missouri River bridge near Plattsmouth, Nebr., U keep roads open to Omaha. A group of 800 strike-breakers. organized by rich farmers in seutk western Iowa, had been at the same spot on Oct. 26, and had ee corted 50 livestock trucks t« th« market. Wa® Spreading hi Wi««msi« In Wisconsin the strike wa* im swing with heavy picketing going on before the betrayal. It affected mostly the northern and central regions of the state, bat it was expected to spread to tho south. "Close up the north and march on to Milwaukee," was tk* farmer*' battle-cry. In upstate cities there was a complete stoppage of milk deliv eries. Pickets around Madison were increasing and much milk was be J"f damped, J. n Milwaukee co " T ^» Sheriff Shmners cancelled all off days, ordering every available deputy for highway duty to break: up the picket lines. Sheriff* in Wauke sha, Ozaukee, Washington, Jeffer son, and Walworth cotrties de clared they would do likewise. The strike in Wisconsin was not without opposition from the rich farmers. They have organized a mob of 300 a* a shotgun escort for the purpose of running milk trucks through picket lines. Mn x FROM SINGI ER'S FARM is DUMPED on HIGHWAY BY PICKETS APPLETON. Wis., Oct. 28.— Milk from the farm of Walter Singler was dumped here last night by strike picket*. Attempts had been maed to run the milk to mar kft. Singler is the high-salaried head of the Wisconsin MUk Pool, whose officials sold ont the two hreviotua strike«; of the Milita''* Wisconsin farmers.