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•IT . « i % nr >UM J THE PRODUCERS n Become a Correspondent to the Producers News ret Your Neighbor to Subscribe to Your P.per The Paper of the Oppressed and Exploited PLENTY WOOD, SHBRIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, APRIL 6, 1934 Published Weekly Namber 2 Court Sustains S. Dak. Injunction t F.U. Convention Adopts United Front Principle, Officials Refuse to Act * that Farmers Union has Millions of Dollars Worth of Property and Therefore Cannot Act in Foreclosures and Eviction Cases Explain CHAIRMAN SABOTAGES Brilliant Oratory of Talbot Lacks Sense, Says that 25 Cent Wheat Is Cause of Depression, "Forgets to Mention Profits >» (See Editorial) ANTELOPE, March 31.—The county convention of the Farmers C. and E. Union, held here yesterday officially adopted the principle of a united front in struggle. The resolution was brought that the convention "goes on of uniting with other farm fights to protect the human homes of every farmer." Chairman Sabotages Apparently the resolution was not to the taste of the chairman of the convertion because when he had to put it to a vote and no hand was raised against it, he ç asked: "Well, what is the matter?" In spite of this open 'request to 0 defeat he resolution it was adopt- ; ed unanimously by the floor of the : convention. However, what the rank and file members of the Farmers Urion de side seems to he of small or no importante at all to the officials Chen the case of the widow HovakS, who is being threatened vilh eviction by Alfred Hoven, ele vata man of Antelope, and who has been tricked into signing a rent contract which shamelessly disregards all customs of this part of the country, was brought up on the floor, the leaders of the Farm The chairman, H. M. Ehrmann A of-the. organization. Refuse to Act ers Union refused to act. traut, ar.d also the main speaker of the meeting, Glen Talbot, ex plained ;hat the Farmers Union j could not act in cases of foreclos ures ard evictions of farmers since such action would endanger the millions of dollars the Farmers Union has invested in business en- i terprises. Although Talbot agreed that it was necessary for farmers to act "ou' side the laW" to save their homes and their means of existence, he would rather leave *ch actions to the Holiday Asso ciation. To the rank and file farmers this attitude seemed rather contradic tory after they had just a few hours earlier adopted the principle of United Front fight. Brilliant Oratory Lacks Sens© Glen Talbott's talk was the main feature of the convention. He was |xther brilliant in his oratory but in his logic he tried to perform a miracle. He outlined that "the basis of all the economic troubles of this natio n are 25-cent wheat and two cent hogs," He stated that be cause the purchasing power of the farmer is destroyed, manufactur es could not sell their goods, had to close shops and throw workers on the streets. That is why we (Continued on Page Two) ARCHER FARMERS GATHER TO DEMAND FEED FOR CATTLE PLENTYWOOD, April 2 —Thirty fanr.ers of the Archer community ! gathered at the relief office here When Blain Robinson, the offi m charge at the relief office, ! 'he delegation that he had no *® s . wer for them since he had to ait until Percy Neville came back rom Helena, the farmer» sent the following telegram to T. C. Spauld ing» the state relief director. • Ç- Spaulding, relief director, Helena. Montana: JJ lrt v farmers gathered at relief tJ' C ! Plent y wood . representing en ® Archer community of 55 farms Our cattle are starving. We demand you immediately supply 2 ^ rs 'wheat and two cars of hay. ,re answer Western Union what y °l are to do." ■J'}'® Wegram was signed by s Jensen as spokesman of the ^ wti °n. SatUrda y- demanding feed for :hp ir starving cattle. up from the floor, it stated record adopting the principle organizations in all actions and rights and in particular the DAGMAR, April 2.—Protesting the sale of liquor in their com muni! y Dagmar farmers circulated a petition requesting the governor that the license to sell intoxicating drinks in Dagmar be not renewed next year. The 'resolution, signed by practically every resident of the community, was sent to the governor today, A license to sell liquor at Dag mar had been issued to Axel Olson and Dave Frederickson, This cre ated much discussion which fi nally culminated into a protest resolution set in motion by Mrs. Margaret Winter. The peti'ion not directed against Olson or Fred DAGMAR FARM ERS PROTEST SALE OF ALCOHOLIC DRINKS erickson but against the sale of In toxicating drinks generally. It is interesting to know how 1 such problems are handled in the country where workers and farm- | ers rule. How Russia Does It For a short while after the revo lution Russia also tried prohibition. It did not work. The people pro tested and the government was un able to enforce prohibition. But since the Communists real ized that alcoholic drinks were greatly hindering tiheir tremendous important job of changing the world, since they knew that peo tinder the influence of bquor were greatly hindennpr the build ing of socialism, tftey *w er e deter mined to cut down excessive con sumption of alcoholic drinks. They did it by letting the gov ernment handle the sale of liquor. And at all places where liquor is sold, also in schools and where ever else possible they started a propaganda campaign against alco holic drinks. The communists themselves set the example and re frained from drinking. The result is that Russia today has a very low consumption of liquor and a huge number of government stores went out of business. Previous to sending the tele gram the farmers went down to the courthouse to see Wm. Erick Jensen told him that their cattle were in bad shape and that they demanded feed, Erickson refused to authorize them to go and get the 30 tons of hay at Louis Marshes. He said that he could not do anything, . , lard each ' This action was decided upon by a meeting of 40 of the 66 farmers of the Archer community held Fri day. It Was a joint meeting called by the U.F.L. and the Holiday and presided over by Emil Moe. The farmers are determined to see this thing 'hrough and get feed v>r I their cattle. son. I_ At the relief office, fearing the of the farmers, Robinson to all the Archer farmers anger K ave ^ _ . . who asked for it five pounds of but', er and the same amount of I j i I Tiala, Kept Starved, Forced to Convict Lahor for Company INLIANAPOLIS.— Sentenced to six months imprisonment for opposing farm foreclosures, Al fred Tiala, national secretary of the United Farmers League, is compelled to work ten hours a day for the Hickory Furniture Co., a private corporation Which has a contract for convict la bor on the Indiana sta'e prison farm. He receives rations "in sufficier t to sustain him at this type of labor," a league investi gator reports. i 1 j i ! isj j JAP GIRLS LEARN TO FIRE MACHINE GUNS f sa ■Æ V: . * i* m ■ù m j ■ i N. wm ; x F?..$ . V' ' ■ ■ t. ' ' i * w . ■'* J < Vf? tSS kV 1 Tt J N mmm g ■.IS« « % ♦CvvX; ■ 4c V* X: >•> m ' r-v jg. WWfm> W-xS' t ■■ : - That Japan is 'rapidly preparing for a great war is again shown by this picture. These Japanese girls are being taught by soldiers hoW to fire machine guns. Note their uniforms and s'eel helmets. DCTITIDM HEM A MRC fjUllvPI 1/Lllliliil/tJ imiAii A _ i|W\ T PI I j W WlWIUvVIIUll VI NEW SEC. HIGHWAY Signed by 205 Residents of Reserve, Dagmar and Coalridge PLENTYWOOD, April 2 .—A pe tition signed by 205 farmers of the Reserve, Dagmar and Coalridge communities demanding the con struction of a secondary highway a road commencing at Culbertson and connecting with highway No. 50, was presented today by a dele gation of 25 residents to the coun commissioners here. James C. Lodahl, spokesman, of the delegation, explained that the commissioners whole heartedly en- ; dorsed the proposition and sent it j on to the State Highway Commis sion, The following resolution was adop' ed by a meeting of the Dag mar community on March 20 and then' put in circulation for signa - tures. days more than 200 residents had signed their names. Resolution Whereas the Culbertson-Plenty wood highway is now completed, and Within a relatively few Whereas there has been desig aated and is now being constructed a highway extending from the North Dakota-Montana line east ward through Grenora, North Da kota, and then east to highway No 85 and Whereas there is no connecting highway between said Culbectson Plentywood highway and said high way being constructed in the State of North Dakota known as N. D. • No. 50 and Whereas by reason of such fact the residents and citizens of the community lying east of said Cul bertson-PlentywoOd highway and between it and the North Dakota Montana line, are seriously incon venienced, and have no good pass able or traversable load over which hey can reach either of said high ways, and Whereas such condition serious ly hampers, restricts and impairs the usefulness and advantage of both said highways to the travel ing public in general, and Whereas there has been for sev (Continued on Page two) MEETING OF ALL iT SATURDAY APRIL 7 To Bring Pressure to Get Feed for Starving Cattle DAGMAR, April 3 .—A meeting °f farmers of the agmar community is being called by Lon ius Lau'.sen, local secretary o be, United Farmers League, for at urday, April 7, at 7 p. m. at the Dagmar Store hall. Af er the meeting of farmers at Plenty wood last month the relief office premised to send out -msh orders for Brain and for hay m order that the demands ox tne could be granted and the ... '"these promises have not beer. fulfilled and farmers in ho local communities are now getting to gether to bring pressure upon the officials in orcer to get what they hpve, feed, and food. It is expected tha all farmers, fanners matter to what organization whether they are no they belong, or unorganized, will assemble at the Dngmar store, Saturday Ap il 7. Relief Cases to Be Investigated Welfare Inspectors Will Determine Who Needs Relief, County Relief Board Announces; Board Has no Instructions Regarding New Program 1 BULLETIN PLENTYWOOD, April 5*—As we go to press the Central Relief Committee gave some instructions regard ing the new relief program to the keymen of the county assembled at the Fire Hall here. The committee had re fused to give this information to the Producers News when your reporter asked for it Tuesday night. Chairman Neville announced that all persons who need relief must hand in their applications to their re spective keymen at once. The keymen are provided with application blanks. Decisions as to who needs relief and what work pro jects are to be taken up in the communities will be made by committees of from 3 to 5 members. These commit tees may either be elected by the residents of the com munity or are to be appointed by the keymen. Members of the committee may also be women. The decisions of the local committee regarding ap plications for relief will have to be approved by the Central Committee at Plentywood. It is needless to say, that in order to assure the most satisfactory relief distribution to all poor farmers and workers the committees should be elected by the members of the community and not appointed by the keymen. 1 i For the same reason, the UFL secretary advises, all farmers should watch out that the most mili tant and the most active workers and farmers are elected on the committee. ■ i spectors to investigate all relief cases in the county will be sent In by the state relief office at Helena, it was announced by H. O. Stene hjem clerk in the relief office here, PLENTYWOOD, April 4.—In last nigh 4 , "These inspectors are experienced welfare workers who know how to go about their job," the ex-banker | stated. When asked by your re- i porter on what basis these welfare j workers would determine how much relief will be allotted to a ; family, 4 he answer was: "We don't know." And apparently the officials of the Plentywood office do not know arvtbfrg. j dp_rot know wbat Poos« relief program will be tbev state that they bave no 5dpa * 0 t v B provision» effecting "WE RAISED WHEAT AND EAT PIG FEED v Pa. Farmer Is Refused Re lief, Is Regarded as Employed (By a Farmer Child) FRANKLIN, Pa.—I am a girl 14 years 0 f age j i} ve o n a farm with my dad and mother> Last year QUr m ain crop was wheat. It wag a ^ ad year so we on i y g 0t 50 centg & My poor old dad worked six hours in three weeks for ^ c w A _ So that is not yery much He can't get relief becau&£ he ig considered employed, t0 9nt - r,» ** Pa id at once; the sum $75. I cou'.se, he was afraia of being sold !«»». « ho sold what wheat he had; =nd his last pig. It all amounted, l ° up our money and nothing to buy Hour with. Mother went 'o get the pig middlings out of which she Trade u~ noodles, arc tomorrow she ■ I suppose you krow that cleaned is going to marie bread. It's a shame that we raise wheat and have to eat pig feed. The ansWer to the ques'ion:'of this county. They e^splain that no information has come from Helena and that even Helena has not got ten definite instructions from Washington as to 'he workings of the plan in "agricultural counties. Since the program was to go into effect by the first of April your reporter asked for an expla » nation as to why no instiuc' ions have been sent to the agricultural counties. There was none. The officials only stated that the fri dustrial counties had 'heir instruc tions but that none had been sup plied to agricultural counties as yet. What happens to those people who reed relief in the meantime, was also given by Stenebjem. He (Continued on page 3) Food Orders Continue JUDGE AnACKED BY Ü.F.L FARMERS WHO REGISTER AN AFFIDAVIT OF PREJUDICE r SEES GAINS M: ■■ txWf. ■ 4 > mm -••• :• ■■ t ' * PP Louls Weinstock of the A.F, of L. Committee for Unemployment In surance, has just ended a national tour in' support of the Workers Unemploymen' Insurance Bill. He reports that 800 local unions have endorsed the bill in two months. j m MILES CITY, March 28.—Again NORMAL SCHOOL AT MILES CITY WILL HAVE SUMMER TERM I Sessions Start June 11 and Close Friday, August Tenth the Miles City Summer Normal School will be continued under the direction of Prin. R. H. Wollin Miles City. The dates for the session have been set to coincide with the summer sessions at the other State Institutions opening on Monday June 11 and closing at the completion of the nine weeks term on Friday August 10. All first and second grade cer tificate subjects will be offered as well as several additional courses to aid those Who are working for advanced state or life certificates. Also there will be Education 888 , the qualifying course for nonresi dent teachers. This course may be taken by nou-residents in lieu of state examinations in Montana History, Montana School Law, Montana Government and Courses of Study. There also will be spe cial courses in Manual Arts and Toy Making, Plays and Games, Folk Dancing, Tennis, and Swim ming. In addition the summer session will incorporate a high school de partment making it possible for teachers and high school students to remove delinquencies in high school work. Those who are now teaching are urged to carefully note new cer tificate requirements going Into effec' on or after Sept. 1934 and again in 1936. makes it possible to meet these re quirements. For information regarding de tails on the summer courses for 1934, wtrite Prin. R. H. Wollin, Miles City, Mont. Summer school DALE HEIBERG ON WAY TO RECOVERY PLENTYWOOD, April 5.—Dale Heiberg, 9-year-old son of Chris and Agnes Heiberg of the Dagmar country, is apparently on ins way to recovery. He was brought into the hos pital here on March 26 shot in the bead and for a number of days his life was in extreme danger. How ever, his strong will to live com bined with the medical skill of Doc'or C. M. Hall pulled him through the worst. Several x-ray picture that were taken at the hospital showed that the bullet had pierced tV skull and several parta of it Were lodged near the brain, Mrs. Heiberg left the bov's bed aide for the first time today. Dale is now arrtoualv waiting for some his voung friends to come and vMt him. He w«s *»b«t accid#mfl v when» he W ent otr* with vis brother hunting tVe Halbere- farm. gonb.fr« Hearing Becomes Farce When Defendants Leave Court Declaring that Presiding Judge is Disqualified 1,000 FARMERS GATHER Speakers Pronounce Injunction as Fascist Attack, Re quest that Organizations Continue Sending Protests SISSETON, S. D., April 2.—The injunction issued against the United Farmers League, the Unemployed Councils and 90 Roberts county farmers, restraining them from all orga- * nizational activities, was sustained by the court at a "hear ing" here last Thursday. Henry Nieland, whom the farmers had placed back his farm after he had been evicted, and Merle Plant, an other one of the defendants, both filed Affidavits of Preju dice against Judge McNenny. on The farmers who appeared at ^y ;e hearing attacked the judge Soon as the hearing opened. In a pointed remarks they stated Fanners Leave Court as that the affidavits filed by Nie land and Plant disqualified judge McNenny from presiding over this hearing. They then left the hear ing and the courtroom in which a greatly embarrassed judge re mained. The state's attorney for Roberts coun f y, Dana Babcock, was assisx ed at the hearing by Benjamin D. Minter.er, assistant attomey-gei. eral. These two men attempted to make a big affair out of the hear t ing; their efforts were in vain when the farmers left before the hearing had really started. The status of the case is in' wise affected by the decision made by the judge who had issued the injunction in the first place. Offî cially the injunction' is sustained and the U.F.L. and the Unem ployed Councils are prohibited > be active in an y way, to have meet ings, to collect dues or to solicit members, etc. 1.000 Gather in Courthouse What farmers think of the in- ' junction and the decision of the court was shown again when short ly after court had adjourned a mass meeting was called if. the same court house with at least a thousand farmers and most of the defendants participating. 1 The courtroom was packed with 500 farmers and workers and fully ; 600 more were standing outside 1 unable to enter because of lack of i space. Those who Were outside 1 remained until the meeting was t over, actively participating in the ; protest and eagerly awaiting the report on the addresses delivered inside the hall. Harjn Main Speaker Rudolph Harju. of Superior, ! (Continued on page 4) ' 1 WORKERS AND FARMERS COOPS. CALL CONFERENCE FOR MAY 30 * Conference to Establish United Front, Will Take Place at Brooklyn, N. Y. ' The Workers and) Farmers Co-, operative Unity Alliance is calling a conference of all Workers and j farmers cooperatives to take place May 20 at the Russian Peoples Home, 120 Gknmore Ave., Brook lyn, N. Y. The Call to Action addressed to al! workers and farmers coopéra- ! tors analyzes how under 1 the NRA the buying power of the masses of workers and poor farmers con stantly diminishes. It states that the A.A.A. has turned out to be a criminal program of destruction and devastation. Carefully the Call ou' lines the role of the coop erative organizations who are co operatives only by name but Which are in reality controlled by the banks and large corporations thru i higb-salanled officials, "We call upon all workers and farmers cooperatives and to all workers and farmers organizations send their delegates 4 o this con fe^eneg to discuss ard decide, how Kert wg can rteallv build our Co wowwnt info a militant fivfroTiisatiou. fipbtlricr in the every T.t«^gets of +he toilers," the <* C-n states. mv r fnPdwing issues are pro PIKE OF PAPER RY C.W.A. "NOT WORTH A DAMN | . • ! Must Get Together to Take ; j a Sharecropper Correspondait DADE VILLE, Ala .—1 have been i°°king for work for gome time, dUu t ^ le boss failed to give me any, and m uny more than I go to and * r ° t r yj n & to build the Sharecrop P® rs Union whether it is cold or hot. >y the Land, Says a Sharecropper I have a Wife and children and no way to feed them. But I am going to do all I can to better our conditions, also to build the Party organize the Sharecroppers' Union. These damn bosses and C. W.A. heads don't give a cuss about sharecropper. Don't care how hungry, how naked they get, they just won't give work to do, I have been and been, and the only thing get is a scrap of nice white paper, and it don't do me any good- It can't buy food for my wife and children, and it don't clothe them, and therefore, it is not worth a damn to me. I am going on and build the Sharecroppers' Union.; organize both white and black. I hope to * see the day, when We all get to gether and fight, so we workers will be strong enough to take the land, have plenty of bread and clothing and all. Let the damn bosses know what we really mean (we can see a great charge ' them now), but not like Working to see later. m we are posed for discussion i n building united front of cooperative orga nizations: a 1 . Struggle against the further lowering of the living standards of the Masses, for an increase in tne wages to correspond with the de valuated dollar and to meet the in crease in the cost of living as a result of inflation, for immediate federal relief to bankrupt farmers. 2 . Struggle against increased taxation, against the sales tax. For a cancellation of all debts of all poor farmers, exempting them from taxes during the period of the crisis. Against evictions and fon'eclosures for non-payment of rent and taxes or mortgage pay ments. 3. For the enactment of the Fed eral Unemployment Insurance Bill presented in Congress and known as Bill "H. R. 7598. v 4. Strengthen our cooperative movement through centralized com mercial activity, winning greater and wider support of the workers and farmers and building the mem bership of our cooperatives. 5. Mobilize our cooperative mem bership into a militant struggle against Imperialist War and Fas cism. All organization« who want to A'Tgrr«>fgc fn this iwnortant co n ference should discuss and take position on these points.