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THE PRODUCERS NEWS**
Your Neighbor to ^scribe to Your Paper a Correspondent Producers News The Paper of the Oppressed and Exploited PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, 1934 VX1L Number 19 PUBLISHED WEEKLY VOL War Moves of Capitalist Nations Go on as Putsch of Austrian Nazis Ends Italy Masses 48,000 Additional Troops at Austrian Bor der as German Military Forces are Being Mobi lized; French Ready for March Into Rhineland t,M DEAD AND WOUNDED IN PUTSCH gcfmschnigg, New Austrian Chancellor, Refuses to Con firm von Papen as German Envoy; Dollfuss Is Buried as 1 wo of His Killers are Hanged Armies of the capitalist powers surrounding Austria re mained on a war footing, with mysterious troop movements going on in Germany, as the Fascist Austrian government succeeded in putting down the remaining Nazi insurgents * Carinthia and on the Jugoslovian border. Reports from Rome state that Italy has sent reinforce ments of her troops to the Austrian border, 48,000 more sol diers were moved north into training camps and other posts near the border. Jugoslavia has also massed large numbers of troops on her Austrian frontier. 111 Italian newspapers, to tify the heavy war mobiliza tion on the Austrian border declared that though the pres ent Nazi putsch was defeated, the maintenance of troops nearby was necessary to fore-1 stall another similar attempt. In Berlin, the Nazi ministry of propaganda would neither affirm nor deny the mobilisa" ion of Ger man troops in connection with the present events. In London, acting prime minister Stanley Baldwin, frankly declares that Great Britain's fror/ier now .. . ., ricm pv lies along the German Rhine, meaning that Germany is the po tential enemy of Great Britain, The House of Commons over-■ «Mmmgly voted approval of a treniendoug increase of armamet» % n- A w. TW " urg ^ ymg F- M With mndenburg, former G^v'f niriHHvin^plrir * tomanys president dying, Pans te tab g of a ehenzollem 1 res-. i°n m Germany and views vere expressed that French armies jjrmdy to march into the _ w tloD ... o Jr .t f.om Mussolini, the ££« dininr h a ne^onfirm^i tinier^ SStoem „1 vTcLZnllW ™n p. riowrr. f v fc r e r?eoL! voo PiDrtv'q f o Faackt AnwhliKQ /„JLÎrtrf i, r . p rc*HT) move * ..... . mmg m Austria ,s a growing bit m between German and Ital ascism, in which the two ban ^° w<>rK reveal be criminal deed p. 116 ano " ber * Hi, exam ple, commenting on Hitlers pose of ignorance about prearranged seizure of the (rf to ^be killing inireÜf i! 9 . t ^ ie blood y upris o the Nazis, an inspired ar * m ™c P °P° l0 di Romano says: (Continued on page 8) Aftermath of Uprising The aftermath of the Nazi up FOR FAKE REASON GRANTHAM IS EXPELLED FROM HOLIDAY "Signing of U.F.L. C»U" U for Expulsion, Call Really Signed by Moe The present officers of the armera Holiday Association r® their best by all eans to get rid of some of ne most active members in Wer to be able to carry out ' ^ lr bwn personal ambitions n that of their friends. That they . . are not afraid to an ything to accora Püsh thi s was shown in the letter received by Otto Grai* u* 01, Raymond, member of nl^nty committee of the 1 lld ay Association. • containing his expul sion** this committee, and A N ' mi ^ ^ oe > president, and Mum'*V 0 ?* 1 ' ^wtary, stated a tv _ ^^ehood, a fake -reason for Grani£ PU Si ° n * r0m office. Otto aboutît 01 Was €ven asked •• I el»« he nor was he given ce to defend himself, reason for Grantham's expul ' rinn««! that he refuses to VeuJ 1be Political aims of Wan ""•««j2,r i * hat he has not • !,w "* the the Holiday Asso used as a political # n blS 5 t rnm « n t to split the tlte . farmers and workers in * 0T benefit of the . *> and Mainstreet politicians. jus-* irvr t a PTnilfmO lyU, L MKIKliKj j ! WIS. DEPUTIES SHOOT 39 OMRS Troops Throw Up Barricade as Marita] Law Is Declared at Kohler KOHLER, Wis., July 28.—Two • strikers, Lee Wakefield, 26, and j Henry Engelmann, 27, were killed and 39 others wounded in a mur j derous attack of dcpu * y sheriffs here last night. Hundreds of dep I u ties and gun thugs, employed by t h e Kohler bathroom fixture plant charged upon more than 1,006 pick : e , ts mth nfles ' pistola > shotgruas, Field-dubs gas grenades. They T*** *** sht>t W ° mCT1 and cW1 ' dr en. ( Fearing the anger and wrath of the workers over their killed and wounded comrades and children. the state government declared mar j.tial law this morning. Two Troops of cavalry from Milwaukee were «rt in by the Governor and took possession of the town. When these lr T >ps wera not '» drive more than 1,000 of the pick " s »« additional 80« N. tional Guardsm «n were called. The strikers reorganized and were reinforced by unemployed and employed workers from the Shey boygan plant, 12 miles distant. By throwing up barricades across the highways leading into the town the troops try to prevent the strikers appearing in large numbers. Even visitors are barred from the town by oaranets of sand bags across which the rifles and ma chine guns of the military are fTi-noJpirîiio, j The stJ.ikers, insnite of the ter J ror of soldiers, thugs and deputies, ! are continuing to picket the plant ; alongside the sentries of the Na Honal Guard. They are fighting for their daily bread. Otto Grantham asks us to print the following statement: "To the Members of the Holidsv Association of Sheridan county: "The following letter was re reived by me from the so-eslled Committee of Action of the Holi day Association: The gentlemen Wankel and Moe, having usurped absolute power in the Holiday Association, in order to carry out their schemes have to expell all persons who are trying to keep the Holiday on its path as a fighting and protective organi zation of the fanners of Sheridan county. "Raymond, July 6, *34 "Mr. Otto Grantham, "Raymond, "Dear Member: "At the enlarged meeting of the Com. of Action of the Sheridan county F.H.A. thru a vote, your seat at the meet ing was declared vacant and some one else elected in your stead. "This action was taken for your signing the Call of the XJ.F.L. without any authority consultation on the pert or any of the F. H. Assn, officials or its membership. "Com. of Action of F.H. Assn. "(Sign.) Emil Moe. Pres. "(Sign.) A. N. Wankel, Sec" (Continued on page 8) MURDERED s M "I LY 4 UUm s '■ -W'V Emst Toregler, Communist leader and aquitted Reichstags fire de fendant, is repor ed as being mur dered at the command of Nazi bloodhound Goering. ERNST TORGLERi IS MURDERED IN NAZIS PRISON Killed by Hitler Storm Trooos on Coerino'a iroops on Uoenng S Order» - NEW YORK.—Ernst TargleiV German Communist leader and one of the four aquitted Reichstag fixe defendants, has been murdered in been murdered in prison by the Nazi butchers, ac S"*??* t0 * 9tcny puWisb «i by the Washington (D.C.) Sunday Star, | Reports from Paris have con-1 firrned this story. The National Committee to Aid Victims of Ger-! ma n Fascism Vas informed by a cable that there is much concern °ver Torgler in England. France end other European countries. The Daily Mail of London reported ten ^ th . at ^ been found dead in hig cell. Inquiries subsequently directed to the N«i authorities resulted in neither mission nor denial, but were met with semi-official ridicule. The Washington Star reported that Goering ordered Torgler's murder during Hitler's bloody massacre of hundreds of his foi» lowers and lieutenants on June 86* The story states that the death of the Communist leader has been ad mitted by a Nazi official, whom it quotes as declaring that he died natural death. Rejecting this Nazi version, the Star comments that Goering has finally fulfilled his threat, made during the Reichstag firr trial, to murder Torgler. Schering» Murdered The fate of Richard Scheringer is not In doubt. He was brutally murdered in the period of bloody massacres, around June 30. This ■ anti-fascist hero was a lieutenant j In the Reichswehr up to 1930, when He was charged Vith high treason for Nazi activities in the German army. In prison he met a number and ioined the Communist Parriy of Germany. After his release, he openly ex posed Hitler, answered a number of questions directed to him by Nationalists and Nazis in a pamph let, and was again condemned to Prison for two years. When Hit ter was called to power by the Ger man industrialists, Scheringer ® n a riempt I" 'l e b5 ' N :' zi '««dors to Win hl m | J"* *° He «*•«»<• | •_ s1 i pp ? rt German Commu Part y. *** was ^own into a ^lT, t . ra ^Lfïï P ' Wl " re ^ ™ __ ^ f ,* ^ re,>ort of these mold « re was was em phasizes the necessity far intensi fying the mass united front fight against the murderous Nazi re gime. Protests with demands for definite information regarding Tor gler and Thaelman, for the safe and immediate «release of Thael maim and all other anti-fascists held in the Nazi prison dungeons and concentration camps should be sent immediately to all German consulate« by locals of farmers land workers organizations and by | individuals. I Flood the Nazi consulates with protest resolutions! Answer the appeal of the Paris Liberation Committee for funds for the freedom of all anti-fascists! Rush money to the National Com mittee to Aid the Victims of Ger man Fascism, 870 Broadway, for remittance to the Paris Commit tee? H. HARRIMAN HALS SUBSISTENCE FARM PROJECT OF AAA. Good Move to Avoid Un employment Insurance, He Thinks WASHINGTON, July 29.—"Ap P- l>ve (> f the subsistence horn* stead P r °j ec s ' t)f course i do," d«*ciared Her ry I. Harri man, president of Lnited States Chamb- r of C'omm. roe. describing the "plow u nce»: farmers policy of the ad ministration as the "most funda i mental and far-reaching movement under way today." j In the interview this captain of Big Business immediately revealed why he thinks this subsistence movement so great and so advant ageous. ! "I believe that if the subsistence movement already had been carried out there would be little need for unemployment insurance, or rather unemployment reserves," said Mr. Harrimann. ! The president of the Chamber of Commerce is spilling the beans. Subsistence farms in order to avoid payment of unemployment insur ance. "I am not opposing unemploy nvent reserves, or old age pensions" | said ^ ^ J j fear is that the^ may impose teo I heavy a burden u^n SSs at this time." Yes, they might cut a Wee little bi t into the huge profits. And that is wb V the banker Harriman pre HoweCr subsistence farms. 1 b « * not sure whether it will work and if then unemployment insur ance is necessary he wants to make sure that most of it Is paid by the workers themselves, i "Unemployment reserves must ' come through contributions from I Ix»th the employer and worker," he ' -ays, i The workers Unemployment In ! trance Bill. Which has gained I ma »s support all over the country, ! provides that the Insurance il ad-jpaid by the employen* and the gov crament. j Harriman had just made a trio : with assistant secretary of agri ! culture M. L. Wilson, Inspecting some of the subsistence homestead units, He had no comments to make on the fact that the govern ment Intends fo put workers on "subsistence farms" and have sur plus farmers "absorbed by indus try." MAGGIE PRITSCHAU NEBR, ON WAY TO PARIS CONGRESS To Represent Midwest at Women's Congress Against War GRAND ISLAND, Nebr.—Mag ' I^tschau, a farm woman of Buffalo coiyity has left for Paris together with 29 other women dele gates from all over the country. She will represent the farm woman of the mid-west at the Interna tional Women's Congress Against !^ ar J n Paris on August 4, 6, and ri "z r * Pritschau was elected at M id-Western Conference Against War and Fascism held at Grand Island on July 8. Maggie Pritschau is the mother of two children and a dynamo of She has planned her own work so that on her return she can devote considerable time to a cam paign to bring the message of the Pans conference before the farm •"* farm women of the mid west. The delegation of 80 women is headed by Mother Bloor, springhtly aad Dcrenlally-youthful 72-year-old working class leader. ,r ^' 8 » fine delegation going to Paris." Mother Bloor said. " that American workers and farm ers should be proud of. We shall not end our work in Paris, but come bade determined to organize as many women of as many views as We can into leagues against war and fascism. The real work will begin when we «return." The delegates left on the He de France last Saturday. one Evacuate Montana for What? AN EDITORIAL WASHINGTON, D. C.—Tens of thousands of people must be removed from the dry land of the eastern coun ties of Montana, the similarly located counties of Wyo ming and the western half of the Dakotas, it was an nounced here by Dr Elwood Mead, federal reclamation after his return from a tour through the western states. ! never believed we would have anything m this country like the catastrophe I witnessed out there " Meadsmd. There is nothmg left, no green thing. It a is gone. 99 The commissioner did not state, however, what was to become of the thousands of farm families now living in the stricken area. He gavé no opinion where they could be moved to. Mead emphasized that the land should never have been cultivated since there is, even in normal times, insufficient rainfall to sustain inten sive agriculture. Even if this drought i-s broken, he said another is bound to follow. ♦ ♦ * ♦ This announcement is entirely in line with ihe state ments of Under Secretary of Agriculture Tugwell, who in explaining the policy of the Roosevelt administration has time and again announced that there are two million farmers too many in the country. These farmer® have to be eliminated, taken out of production. This policy was announced first by Tugwell on Oct. 30, 1933. Up until now the administration has dared not to undertake definite steps to cut out fanners on a large scale. Lately, however, much propaganda is being made about the irrigated farms, little plots of land on which farmers are supposed to grow most of the things a family needs for subsistence. This means, of course, that the American farmer i® to be pushed down to an even lower standard of living than that of the European peasant. The proud conquerers of the wilderness, the homesteaders and pioneers, the men and women who first built this country, thousands of them, in fact two millions, are to be sentenced to a hand to mouth exist ence and a miserable one at that. For the administration here again the drought seems to be a blessing. It makes their policy of "plowing un der" farmers quite comprehensible at least so far a® the drought area is concerned. Eastern Montana and Da kota farmers are to be the first who are to be removed on a large scale. The Washington commissioner i® just sounding the alarm. The stricken land must be evacuated. It is only fit for grazing purposes, grow bunch and buffalo grass, he says. What is to become of all these small fanners, work ers and small businessmen, we ask again. The govern ment answers : Those people must be absorbed in other industries. However, those "other industries," all of them, are unwilling to even give work to their own workers Over fifteen million of them are tramping the streets. Be cause these industries cannot make any profits they are unwilling to take care of the young workers who are coming up daily. Breadlines and subsistence plots will be the fate of all farmers, workers and small business men who are to be removed from the land. Farmers and workers will not willingly submit to having their living standards smashed, to become peas (Continued on page 4) j. WIS. FARMERS HAY BUY HAY IF THEY SIGN A CONTRACT Hay Is $30 a Ton, Contract Cuts Dairy Herd 25 Per Cent, Says Letter Wisconsin dairy fanners, severe ly hit by the drought, are allowed to buy hay at $30 per ton if they sign the government contract that calls for the selling of every fourth cow, a letter from Roy Miller, UPL organizer of southern Wisconsin, states. According to the governments' own figures there is a tremendous underconsumption of milk in 1 the country. Children are starving, babies are dying for lack of milk, Yet, dairy farmery are forced to sell every fourth cow, they are compelled to cut down their herds 26 per cent if they want to secure hay at $30 per ton to feed the rest of their cattle. Roy Miller's letter follows: July 28 "Dear Comrade Editor; "Will try "o send you the long promised letter on hoW our orga nization is progressing here. We have been holding many meetings of the UPL with which we had much success. Several hundred new members and many subscrip tions to the Farmers Weekly have been secured and much literature has been sold. "The drought here is very se vere. No fairmers in this com munity have enough feed to last them over winter and when the government starts its cattle de struction p r ogr a m around here no body can just tell what is going to happen in southern Wisconsin. "The farmers can secure hay at 80 bucks per ton providing they sign the feed loan contract which calls for selling every fourth cow. As you know, the Wisconsin farm ers are mostly dairy farmers and have high bred and high price cattle. "While the drought has affected the growth of everything connected (Continued on page 8) OLSON DECLARED MARTIAL LAW IN MINNEAPOLIS SAT, | Picketing, Strike Meetings Are Prohibited by Force of 4,000 Bayonets MINNEAPOLIS.—The city Was placed under the rule of 4,000 bay onets as the Farme«r-Labor Gover nor Floyd B. Olson declared mar tial law here last Friday. And the workers are learning fast. They first believed what Olson had told them, that the troops troops were called for the protection of the strikers; they are now finding that trucks are moving. Whereas until ï\riday no truck was on thé streets, now they move freely. Un til Friday, pickets patrolled the streets, large strikers' meetings were held. Now, no pickets are in sight and meetings »re forbidden, This looks different from Gov ernor Olson's promises. Illusions that the troops Vere coming to aid the workers are being blown into all winds. The proops are here. They occupy every comer, rifles hand. Military trucks patrol the streets. Mounted machine occupy the streets around the armory. Olson's declaration of martial law stated that Minneapolis "in a sta"e of insurrection." • One of his first acts was to "take over the operation of all trucks." Per mita were issued for the operation of those trucks the governor "deemed necessary for the protec tion. of the citizens." This open act of strike breaking is supported by the bayonets and machine guns. Soldiers are escorting the track*. As much as possible the 6.000 striking track drivers are keeping up "heir picketing In spite of the bayonets of the labor «roverruor. Driver of Car Killed Cart Wallis, driver of a private car. was killed and his companion seriously injured '»hen a squad of soldiers mushed into them Tuesday. The troops were speed ing to a place where pickets were (Conti n ue d on Page Four) guns wa Stop the Wanton Cattle Killing! Countless cattle are being bought by the government Wdliston and Other Places Distribute Meat Freely Every Week, Demand That Every Person in Need in County Is Provided With Meat are knkd and buried at the spot or in ! sands never reach the alleged destination: the tables of the Ineedy families. They are annihilatd for the same reason» lcot ton is plowed under, wheat and other food stuffs are d" stroyed; to keep prices up, to guarantee the profits of the speculators and Big Business. Milliins of people are starv ing? Who cares, as long as a certain group of people reap their juicy profits. STRIKE LEADER a ;$yX ■Ml 1 m i §:■ * ■m Harry Bridges, aggressive leader of the figh"ing Frisco dock work I ers, has carried on the fight with amazing support not only of his own longshoremen, but of scores of other unions. FARMER DESCRIBES BESTIAL KLUNG OF TEXAS CATTLE By » Farmer Correspondent BARNHART, Texas.—Agents the Roosevelt Raw Deal certainly are killing the cattle. On the Hen derson ranch today they will kill j about 1500. Here is a description I of just how it's done. I witnessed one slaughter 10 miles south j Barnhart of 15 head belonging j R. L. Owens, after were signed making claims for the cattle, with Mr. Owens agreeing bum the dead cattle. some papers Two of Roosevelt's Raw Deal killers with their high power «rifles commenced pointing the guns just anywhere. They hit flank or nose and shed a lot of blood, on the fence or ground. The bawling the cattle was hardly enough to down the yell of the killers squawk ing like a band of Comanches, and after 100 shots theae were five cows staggering about the lot. The killers Vent in with and anywhere they could hit, the Mow was struck, until all dispatched. This small lot was Burned. They were good cows, stodeers, all calve« weighing less than 200 pounds and if good to eat, aire good to give beef to anyone. The others are shipped for axes, were oan 1.000 WORKERS AND FARMERS PROTEST FORECLOSURE SALE Was bay the on Sheriff Taken for Walk When He Refuses to Accept $15 Bid CHEHALIS, Wash.—One hun dred militant workers and farmers took Sheriff Blankenship, his dep uties and the bidders representing the mortgage holder for a little Walk in the corridor of the court house on July 14 when the Sheriff refused to accept the bid of offered by Mrs. Fred Aust at foreclosure sale on her own home, Deputy Borne, who was acting as auctioneer fled. More than 1,000 workers and f armera massed at the court house to protest the foreclosure sale. The mortgage on Mrs, Aust's farm was held by Prank Good, a bootlegger, who refused every settlement of fered by the United Farmers League. Thirty minutes before the sale was scheduled, a large committee of workers and farmers jammed the office of Sheriff Blankenship and demanded he call off the sale. ft« He «refused saying that he "sympa thized" with the farmers, that he knew the sale was wrong but that he was compelled to "execute the law." When the sale began, the bidder for Good marched out of the court house under the pro*ecting arm the sheriff, but he didn't stay long. A committee of workers and farm ers took him out of «the picture. After a description of the pro-p eriy was read, M«rs. Aust made her hid of $19. There were no other bids, and the crowd of 1,000 roared From North Dakota j ports that Ihe relief agencies have been farced by the wrath of the people to distribute meat freely. At Williston, many of the cattle taken from the farmers in Wil liams county, are being butchered and the meat is distributed in big amounts to needy people. Bucher ing takes place Saturdays and a large number of people is provided with meat for immediate use and for canning purposes. Such practice, of course, is not to the likings of the meat trust. The profiteers of the trust have a certain idea that "prospective cos tumers" migh + aquire meat in a way that leaves the shareholders of the trust without dividends. If people would not get this meat they might be compelled to buy a couple of pounds in the future thru the agencies of the trust and thus assure the profits. Thousands of cattle are being bought in Sheridan county. Many of these cattle are being killed and buried. There are many families in the county in need of meat. Demand that the wanton destruc tion of cattle be stopped! De mand that every person in the county, in need of meat be..pro vided first before any herd of cattle leaves the county. Protest the killing and burying of cattle while there is a hungry, person in the country! come re There a»re butchers in the to'wns. .The job can be done right on the spot. There cannot be any excuse, ' Demand! ■ | i ! | ! i Only Communist Fight For Relîèf, Washington Commissioner Declares WASHINGTON, July 26.— . After a week's tour of bread lines and relief offices of Cleve land, Milwaukee, Chicago, De troit and Toledo, District Com missioner George E. Allen, turned to Washington yesterday declaring that 98 per cent of the unemployed are anxious to get work *hat is not available. Allen, disguised In tattered clothes, stated that he had tried to get a Job In 26 different places and failed everywhere, *1 found out our employment, sys tem is wrong from beginning to end," he declared. "I »earned the power that the Communist« have is gained prtodpally because they will listen to people who are down and out and will work for them and fight with them," Allen de clared, / j ' j ' j ' j re for its acceptance. It was then ithat the sheriff and all of his j deputies except Borne were taken ; into the courthouse, because the .crowd saw that the sheriff supporting the bootlegger-mort gage holder. Deputy Borne fused to take the $15 offered by M«rs. Aust and rushed into the courthouse. wa, i A committee of workers ana $16,'farmers followed him into the the!sheriffs office and demanded of [the sheriff that her $16, the only | legal bid made, be accepted. Borne re I then claimed he had a higher bid from Lawyer Donahue, Good's at toraey. Workers and farmers of Lewis coun'y, however, are determined that Mrs. Aust shall not lose her j home. ; _ ; * n m °d er n war? I Around $25,006, according to of Gcial figures based on the total ! cos ^ th. e World War and the number of people killed therein. What does it cost to kill a man The dead of the World War, sol dier and civilian, standing shoulder to shoulder, would make a solid wall around the entire boundary of the United States. If all the workers of the U. S. were employed at N.R.A. code fig ures (40 cents an huor, 40 hours a week in the "better" codes) it would take them just about ten i years to earn enough to pay for the last World war.