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Htk'K ■ Q ^^4 ^ g THE PRODUCERS NEWS Qet Your Neighbor to Subscribe to Your Paper Become a Correspondent to the Producers News I » i The Paper of the Oppressed and Exploited PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1934 Ml, XVII. Number 20 PUBLISHED WEEKLY Farmers Complain About Inefficiency of County Emergency Relief Office . i • x . i j , , Many complaints have been made by farmers about the service of the county relief office. People have been made to wait four, five and six hours and then sometimes they couid not get their order through and had to come back the next day, 20 and 30 miles. On Monday just before closing hour, a group from Ray fflond who had waited for hours and had the orosoect of e-o mono WHO xuiu Wrtitw 1U ^uuui s dam naa me prospect OI go mg home t OU g anything accomplished, made up their minds, stopped waiting and went into the separate offices in a group. They got their orders through and did not have to come back the next day. fkey Wait for Hours and Often Have to Come Back the Next Day; Conditions Show That Cash Relief Is the Only Way Out county relief roll. K. E. Burleigh, county relief manager, states that : it ia impossible for the office force to handle all these cases efficient-! ^ without having people wait . ] first few days of the month to get ther orders," he said, "and with the small force on hand we can't \ do any better." This condition can be remedied, of course, by employing more peo pi. in the rplkf office. Their sal •ry, however, would have to come j out °. f , tlfi^ha.v'p 1 been" 1 «ther reluctant in employing any neonle Burleigh said Since farmerTinsist on being waited on in time the manager explained are beincr made to hire' more people to do the job. rp, • „ )o „ . Za Ä2S t out a method by which it can be arranged to have the people com irg into the office thruout the month and not hae them crowd in : the first week. j All this trouble could be avoided i if cash relief would be paid instead j of having details and regimented j orders. Cash relief is the demand j of the organized farmers of the county ard even a large number of ■mall businessmen are becoming 1 aware of the fact that this demand j is Justified and the most sensible Present Arrangement Favors one. Chain Stores Due to the fact that the keymen in the communities have practically been pat out of commission and people have to come into Plenty wood to get their orders. Plenty wood businessmen have been re ceiving a lot more business, es pecially the chain stores. This, of cour-e. 'worked to the disadvant age of the small businessmen in the outlying communities who re reived so much less of the relief orders. They have been complaining and they are pretty excited about it. ! But that will not help them any. Anger and swearing and complain ing will not get ïhem anywhere ; and unless they do something in an organized way they will get loss and less business and will soon j tav, l„a W ly tor relief them- : , Their solution lies in an orna-; nired effort, with farmers.and hofte-s toeefter to enforce the do m and for cash relief. Lecture and Movie at Plentywood, Aug. 24 The Workers and Farmers Cooperative Unity Alliance and the National Committee of the United Farmers League have jointly organized the lecture and motion PJ c ^JJ re circul which will come to the Farmer-Labor Temple at Plentywood It promises to be a most on Friday, August 24, at 8 p. m. instinctive and most interesting affair. Mr. Kuusisto, who accompanies*' the circuit as a lecturer, is a young American who has risen out of the 1 struggles of the workers and the, tanners in the Central States. Al-1 though young, he has had years of j experience especially in educa tional work. He will deliver ' alks °n vital, timely topics. Also promi nent local leaders of the workers alotted time dur ing the affair to take up with the People local problems The mo ion picture Vhich will be shown is all talking with English dialogue based on the world fa "ions novel "Mother" bv Maxim 9®*«. without question the great «st writer of contemporary litera turc. and farmers are In ibis epic of the screen will hear and see the echoes the Russian Revolution directed T the Master of Cinematic Art of USSR, Pudovkfav. Mothfr" is a powerful, drama tic story of a mother's ordeal and •teiUlce. Maxim Gorki, famous , or bis understanding of humanity, ** never written a more piercing T* °f human lives caught In the of elemental emotion«, Podo the great director, with the ''Mlaboration of some of Russia's HJI A A \T p ir ni rn IW Q 0 N E Y FI I FS I I ii Cl} UICTU DA PHAM Mr 1 H rAKÜUn WITH ^OVFRNftC TT1111 UUf LiIVilUR _ A_i__ _iCtL . . ^ " Anniversary of HlS Am»» - • S ^ N FRANCISCO. — Today * of bis ar-1 ^ *t\ C0 J nï>ll / dty ttie Prepared rZ ^ bombl , r }f 01 duly . 22> 1916 ZZ T Moo " e ^; tbrou ^ b bls a ^ off * Z' ^ e ° GalIa ^ber, filed apphea F° n u°M & . pard ° n Wltb Governor J " e ^ nam ; Attached to the application is a statement of Mooney giving m addition to the mass of evidence of his innocence, presented to pre vious governors, a further reason that he was acquitted last year of the original murder change, when tried on an old remaining indict ment. Mooney's statement fol lows: "Eighteen years from the day I was arrested and seventeen years after the evidence agalrtst me was exposed as perjured, I am again compelled to appeal for he fifth time to a governor of California far executive clemency". Mooney's application con'ams the following statement: On May 24, 1933, over tremen dous opposition, I forced my case again before a court and jury. I stipulated that where witnesses were dead or unavailable the State might use all the evidence used at my prior trial, provided I were allowed to disprove it. trict Attorney who was elected on his promise to do justice by me, did not dare to present the ev.ot^ce to a jury, fearing an exposure of the whole monstrous vicious frameup. He publicly states that all wit available bad been thoroly ii The Dis impeached and discredited. All ma terial witnesses to my prior con viction were available except Ox and this perjurer has beep dis man, credi ed an con . one without exception. Thefts tnct Attorney, over my most ear uest protest asked for an adrdsed verdict, w ic exnosure be making imposs|M frameup „ ance. -- _ 7-^ . . RAYMOND UFL LOCAL meets AUG. 17 The Raymond Local of the United Farmers League will jj ITe jig next regular meeting cn Friday, August IT, at the farm of Otto Grantham, Ray mond. AH members are urged to be there on time. The meet faig starts at 2 p. m. sharp. Other farmers are invited to «orne also. gréa est film actors, has turned Gorki's masterpiece of literature into a masterpiece of the cinema, Critics of London, Paris and NeW York have seen it and invariably greeted it with thunderous ap piause. The circuit has been organized jointly by the United Farmers League and the Workers & Farm ers Cooperative Unity Alliance and tbeir local organizations as a bene fit affair. Fifty percent of the net proceeds will go into the organi zation fuud of 'he United Farmers League and fifty percent to the Course Fund of the Farmers Cooperative- Unity a FARMERS ADVISED TO AT ONCE APPLY FOR GOV. LOANS Livestock and Crop Loans Still Available Two weeks ago we published the announcement of the Farm Credit Administration regarding the loans farmers in the emergency drouth area may make. Today again, we are calling the attention of all the farmers to the possibilities to se cure loans that will help them to carry on a little while longer. Emergency Crop Loans Emergency crop loans for gen eneral purposes may be secured until September 1. The maximum f 0 J. the new loans is $250 to one Snn^r 1131 f ° r &ene J al mv™* 8 a ^d li°° for , , su ™ mer fallowing or for the combined purpose of Summer fallowing and the purchase of win ter wheat, winter rye or barley seed - , j information about these loans ma y be obtained from the ***** loan committees. j Emergency Live«!«* Loan, I The limit for feed and forage — In emerfrenCy drou * ht coun - u^ d for X surface ôf Lsto^ th ,™ the fal1 and white* months. Allowance for work s'ock is $4 per head V er month - for ca ttle $3 per ^ , ppheation for these loans are fc now^ocated ? in the XTft. st^î from toe hi School Crop loans must be secured by a first lien on the crops financed, while feed and forage loans are to he secured by promissary note. Pamners who have not yet ap plied for these loans are advised to do so now. They will rot have many more opportunities to get ?0 me cash. j j ; j ; ; j \ I DEATH COMES TO THE PRAIRIES m v:$ •> x ■■ * i m ■ • • ; li •* m '•x &x fi .p~ <• :&k •*X-3 mmm 5 -■ ■ % mm * M *• ■■ * ' mm.' m ■ > . * ■m m ii mm ï:x ; : m I , Wmm ; •/. ■ •• i I V Æii % ->:■ .C. WÊÊÊ& änSiiiiÜää ma ÉMHEhÉiiiiiâÎÉHaÉa mt liiüiü m mi Millions of head of cattle headed for the last roundup when rain failed a third of U. S. counties. This picture shows how cattle dropped dead from thirst. Thousands died thus. Over tens of thousands wore shot to prevent their suffering and many hundreds of thousands have been started toward the packing plants. WATER FAMINE IN SOUTH DAKOTA AS SPRINGS DRY UP Guards are Placed Over Wells, Water Is Held for Sale SIOUX FALLS, S. D.—A water famine is spreading rapidly over the western part of South Dakota. Hundreds and hundreds of wells have completely dried up. Springs have ceased! flowing and so have a number of streams. In some parts guards patrol the wells to protect precious drinking water. In o her places, drinking water is hauled over miles and then sold by the gallon. Not a drop of rain ha? fallen for weeks and the mercury keeps above a hundred continuously. Since there is little water for human needs, cattle and, other livestock have often no water at all. Forage and hay crops were also burned weeks ago. Nothing is left. Ini some sections they have some thistles and they are quickly being harvested to be used as feed. On the sun parched fields and pas tures cattle are dying and remain there. It looked bad in the spring. Yet many famners did uot give up. Twice and three times they seeded and re-seeded their fields and three times the top soil was blown off. There is not the slightest hope left anymore. Even the State College of Agrl culture at Brookings has to admit tba*. conditions are absolutely te* rible. According to the estimates of the college there will be 4.5 bu. of winter wheat to the acre at the best. 296,000 acres of wheat were planted out of which only 42,000 acres will be harvested, maybe, the statistician of the college states. AUTHOR «» ■>?s v r# x I É ... (f |, £ j C Maxim Gorki, the World famous writer whose masterpiece 'Mother" is sho wn in S0U nd pictures as part of the joint educational circuit or-j ganized through the North Cen-! tral States by the United Farmers League and the Workers' and the Alii mm ance. _ FOR AUG. MONTANA GETS $1,104,000 OF ! FEDERAL RELIEF - j WASHINGTON—The federal re re u e f grant to the state of Mon-j t&na wil1 am ° unt to W.104.000 for the ™ nth of Aueust ' « was «- i nounced. Over $490.000 of this amoun* will be for general relief, $500, 000 for drought relief and $40,000 for transient relief. For buying ! material for FERA projects $60,-1 000 is alotted, $4,300 for summer relief camps, $5,000 for ednea tional purposes and $10.000 for re lief among professional workers, § D FarniArQ ra ™f r I , Plowed Under They are Moved to Subsistence Farms North of Black Hills; 10 Acre Plots for a Living; Two Million More to Follow (SEE EDITORIAL) PIERRE, S. D., Aug. 2.—Over 500 families today are moving from the lands they homesteaded 50 years ago. Ini trucks, cars and trains they are being moved by the government to ten-acre plots north of the Black Hills. Capitalist papers are full of praise. They are Talking of the "gigantic experiment in rural so cialism" launched by Governor Berry. They forget to mention the Governor is very much interested in the land that is being evacuated. He is one of the biggest ranchers in the s + ate of South Dakota, and the thousands of acres west of the Missouri River suited for the grazing of his stock. excellently are The government is buying the dry lands at $8 per acre, of course, the money goes to the fellow Who has the mortgage. And $650,000 have been appropriated by the fed tode of hopelessness, of dismay. "What can happen to us after e ' al government and millions more are being promised to carry thru this kind of "socialism. yy Every family gets ten acres of irrigated land north of the Black Hills. Little wooden structures are being thrown up on every plot to house these families. The farmers are expected to raise all they need OT1 the ten acres, to be self suf ficing. Relief is out of the ques tion once they get on the "self subsistence farms." The fanners who are moving are taking it with a grain of salt. Even the capitalist papers admit that fanners s'ate: "We can't get any poorer than we are." An atti SECOND ALLOTMENT FOR WHEAT PAD) iSOON, IS PROMISE Farmers to Get 9 Cents Per Bushel Minus Assn. Expenses ötcon d payments on the wheat allotm J £nt extracts will be coming iroU ^d soon, it was promised by * / Agricultural Adjustment Ad mmis ration. Sheridan county farm e™ are to receive approximately $100,000 on the 2,100 in the county. The second installment will be paid at the rate of nine cents per bushel. From this, however, each P-o-rata share of he expenses in cuned by the local production con trol association will be deducted, This deduction will also include the money spent unnecessary for the whed pushers, surveyors and sta ticians who contracts acreage of land under he contract, ard wh.fter farmur., had m* planted more than they were sup posed to. That this work was ah l°' Ut '' y vlH l°° Us 5 and noM ? nsira ' when he looked at the acres of wheat completely lestroyed by the drouth. Now farmers will have to pay for this work. For the entire state of Montana! the second payment will amount to abou. U, 892,000, Washington ad vises, 88,388 contracts have been approved in the state. The administration announces that the wheat program for the 1934-36 year is planned upon the same basis as the one just com pie ed. The benefit payments will be 29 cents per bushel and the pro cessing tax i? to remain the same, 'it was stated. what we iiave been through, noth ing worse," they say. This program is carried out by the Rural Rehabilitation corpora tion, headed by Governor Berry, H. M. Cass, relief administration wel fare director, and C. L. Chase, head of the rural credit boaird. is in line with the policy of Mr. Wallace and his AAA to plow der two million farmers, to them from the market, course, the ones to be plowed under are the poor and middle farmers in order that the big and rich fanners, the corporation farms, may have a larger share of the market so that they can produce for profit. It un remove And of Two other projects are being de veloped by the Rural Rehabilita tion corporation. The government holds title to hundreds of farms in the eastern part of the state. Hun dreds of western farm families to be placed on these farms. The farmers who lived there before could not make out. were fore closed and thrown off the land by the sheriffs. They gave their besrt , and after they were bled white they had to leave. Now other group of farmers is being placed on these farms. They starting out with a heavy burden of debts and will be less able to make the grade than the first group. All *he v have Is a chance to work for a number of years for taxes and interest, for the state and bankers and mortgage holders. An abandoned Menoonlte colony In southwestern South Dakota near the Tames river has been pur r h a *ed. Seventy families are he mo ved to this propect. are an are Holiday Convention at Minot Endorses F.E.R.B. Presented By N. Dak. U. F. L Leaders I W1LL1STON N D —Farmers in Williams county, ' North Dakota need immediately from 5,000 to 6,000 tons of hay to feed their cat tie it was conservatively estimated here bv the administration after already 25,000 head of cattle had been bought in the county by the federal government, qn. p rppmmitmn nf tWa fonf k •* 6,000 TONS OF HAY NEEDED IN WILLIAMS COUNTY ESTIMA IE g- OW mmont «hmiia thfnft^Ta^ers in sîeXo ZZ' t y% t h*t Zulh f«d»„d hav £ needeoi in William« countv accord ^ Mm^serv^iv^estlmate 1 ^ good deal more is necessary to feed ÎÎÎLft * Sheridan „ 7 ' , Smce farmers now are compelled j needed, ; ganization, the more powerful a 1 demonstration, the more feed can ' b* secured, to feed indefinitely the cattle pur chased by the government because farther shipments have been stop ped for, as they, say, stockyards are congested, the feeding prob lem becomes still more compli cated. Farmers should insist that they get the feed that is needed. Indi vidual insistence will not be recog nized. Organization is what is And f he stronger the or MORE THAN 3 MILL, BUS. OF WHEAT IN mont, elevators Cattle Need It* Fnrre Agencies to Distribute It HELENA—The number of bush els of Montana wheat in storage in mills, eleva'.ars and farms amount to 6,413,000 bushels on July 1, or practically 7,000,000 bushels less than in July last year, it nounced by the state and federal livestock and crop department here today. Storage supplies on July 1, 1933 amounted to 13,398,000 bushels. It was estimated that this was an year on July 1 there were 3,262,000 bu. on the farms compared with 8,898, 000 bu. last year. At the present there wheat stored in Montana elevators compared with 4,500.000 bushels a 3,150,000 bushels of are year ago. With still more "han 3,000,000 bushels of wheat in Montana eleva tors livestock of Montana farmers is dying. Farmers are killing their poultry because they have no feed. The relief agencies maintain that there is no feed in the state. The figures of the livestock and crop department shoW that this is not true. Relief administrations of South Dakota are buying feed in the' western part of Montana, hay and wheat. What are eastern Montana relief agencies going to do? What is going to happen to the more than 8 million bushels of wheat in the elevators ? Farmers are interest ed in the answers to these ques tions. They need feed for their cattle and need It immediately. Mrs. L. M. Olson who lives south of Dagm*r, was brought to the hospital here on Friday where she was operated on for appendicitis. She is improving nicely. For Two Days U, F. L, Committee Receives Cold Shoulder, After Issuing Leaflet Ingerson Gains Floor, Bill Endorsed Against One Vote By a Farmer Correspondent MINOT, N. D.—The State Convention of the Farm Holi day Association of North Dakota, held here from July 25 to July 27, endorsed the Farmers Emergency Relief Bill. The Convention, meeting at the time it did with the aim of getting as much support as possible for the Langer — ~ chine, upset the apple cart and inspite of the presence if all the Big Berthas of the Holiday, Reno, Burdick, the others in ma cluding the greatest demagogue of the midwest, Langer himself, voted approval of the only real relief bill proposed for poor farmers' protection. * i BANKS USE DROUTH TO HOLD UP INN. FARMERS FOR' HAY miVlULIVO rui\ tl/il Small Farmar wuk a r _ bmallfarmer WiÜ.6 0>ws Is Squeezed $20 for $5 j Piece of Pasture By a Farmer Correspondent MINAHGA, Minn.—The drouth burnt me up plenty, but the way I the bankers take advantage of it boms me up still mare. I am a small farmer with only six cows. Like many in the same fix I haven't enough hay on my own land (beware of the "my" be- ; cause the state is after me for the j taxes, the insurance company for insurance, and the bank for mart gages) to carry the cows through the Winter. The hay land we have to rent is owned by insurance com panies, banks, loan companies, etc. I used to rent hay stumpage from the Murray Land Office in Wadine for $5 i 0 $7 for many years. Now I learn from the court that Murray never did have title to the land but simply laid claim on it and made us pay. Now the G, M. Gustafson Co., (mortgages, insurances) of Minne apolis claims to have the title to the land. They come to me telling me how scarce hay is and offer ing me, in their estimation, a very good bargain—a $5 piece of hay stumpage for the small sum of only $20 to be paid at the First National Bank for Minahga. Imagine that. Four times as much. They a*e doing that every where. I can't rent hay this year at such figures, and neither can the rest of us. Our corn and grains are burnt up and even the gardens are wilting away. Boy oh boy, won't we have to organize for this Winder. I know the Minneapolis Journal won't print this letter, so I'm send ing it to you. N. J. FARMERS DEFEND LIVES OF TWO UNION ONGANIZERS Ntght Riders Routed When They Try to Lynch Henderson VINELAND, N. J.—A mid night telephone call to a small farmer, a member of the United Farmers League saved the lives of Donald Henderson and his wife Elinor, organiz | ... . ... , TTT , 1 ers of the Agricultural Work ers Industrial Union, whose home was raided Sunday night by a fascist gang of KKK's and "Vigilantes." The farmer immediately aroused I the membership of the United 1 Farmers League and together with j workers of the Unemployed Co, un- j cil. they rushed to the home of the organizers. The lynchers were al ready preparing to force their way into the little cot*age. At the ap proach of the Workers and farm ers, however, they jumped into The Vigilantes, numbering about 26, drove up in five cars and sur rounded the house. Spying radio wires, they mistook them in the dark for the telephone connections and tore them down. They then began pounding on the doors and windows which were barred shut. Mrs. Henderson telephoned the Vlneland police who said they had no one to send. The borough po-1 their cars and fled. The Bill was taken to the Convention by several mem bers of the State Committee Ï^'tiïrsa "-aST-S ÄKS: ing U.F.L. members tried for two days to get the floor in order to present the Bill and for tw0 days received nothing but the cold shoulder from the Big Shots. Finally the U.F.I. committee prepared a leaflet and had it dis tributed among the delegates to the convention. The circular also p ° mted out the need for action by rank . and file and warning , aST^nst the tactics of the top leadership of the F.H.A. Told to "Make it Short" Upon this our people were then granted the floor, but were warned to "make it short," etc. Ash Inger son then spoke for the P.E.R.B. and exposed the other fake bills passed or proposed. Senator Pra zier spoke right after Ingerson, but failed to swing the sentiment of the farmers away from the F.E.R.B. Immediately aft^r Frs zier's speech a vote was called on the question of endorsing the Bill and it was passed with only one solitary vote against it. We can say that this was a tre mendous step forward in pushing the Bill. The fact that the State Holiday Convention has endorsed the Farmers' Relief Bill that the hold of Frazier and others is not quite as firm as it was a short time ago. Here it proves tha + there is no longer unanimity of opinion even among the little bigger shots. Ingerson called for rank and file unity and for disregard of the poli ticians. A good number of farm ers responded to this call, in fact, proves many came his speech and told him that they agreed with him one hundred per cent. Steps were taken to set up a United Front on the drought ques tion. Under pressure of the rank and fHe the leadership agreed to endorse the United Front action but stated further that the U.F.L. Was expected to take the lead in ibis issue and in other similar issues. lice refused protection on grounds that it was out of their "jurisdic tion. She called the state police, but before the state police arrived the entire household could have been lynched. A call to the mem bers of the United Farmers League members, ho'wever, brought quick action. The farmers and workers re mained all night on watch. A workers and farmers defense corps is being organized by the International Labor Defense, the Agricultural Workers and United Fa,rmer s League. The attempted mobbing of the Hendersons is just one m campaign of Charles Sea ^ ro °k. rich landowner and cannery operator, together with other cap to crU f|l Agricultural and Cannery Workers Industrial Union which has led several big strike? in this section, The storage bam on the Sea brook farm was set afire as an excuse for the fascist attack against the union and against the Communist Party, Mrs. Walter Crawford of Willis ton is visiting at the Peter SteW art home during the week. more move A united front fight of workers and small and middle farmers to establish the right to strike, to or ganize for free press and speech, is being carried on here.