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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, August 09, 1934, Image 1

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The Paper of the Oppressed and Exploited
PLENTYWOOD, SHERIDAN COUNTY, MONTANA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1934
Ml, XVII. Number 20
PUBLISHED WEEKLY
Farmers Complain About
Inefficiency of County
Emergency Relief Office
. i • x . i j , ,
Many complaints have been made by farmers about the
service of the county relief office. People have been made
to wait four, five and six hours and then sometimes they
couid not get their order through and had to come back the
next day, 20 and 30 miles.
On Monday just before closing hour, a group from Ray
fflond who had waited for hours and had the orosoect of e-o
mono WHO xuiu Wrtitw 1U ^uuui s dam naa me prospect OI go
mg home t OU g anything accomplished, made up
their minds, stopped waiting and went into the separate
offices in a group. They got their orders through and did
not have to come back the next day.
fkey Wait for Hours and Often Have to Come Back the
Next Day; Conditions Show That Cash
Relief Is the Only Way Out
county relief roll. K. E. Burleigh,
county relief manager, states that :
it ia impossible for the office force
to handle all these cases efficient-!
^ without having people wait . ]
first few days of the month to get
ther orders," he said, "and with
the small force on hand we can't \
do any better."
This condition can be remedied,
of course, by employing more peo
pi. in the rplkf office. Their sal
•ry, however, would have to come j
out °. f , tlfi^ha.v'p 1 been" 1
«ther reluctant in employing any
neonle Burleigh said Since
farmerTinsist on being waited on
in time the manager explained
are beincr made to hire'
more people to do the job.
rp, • „ )o „ .
Za Ä2S t
out a method by which it can be
arranged to have the people com
irg into the office thruout the
month and not hae them crowd in :
the first week. j
All this trouble could be avoided i
if cash relief would be paid instead j
of having details and regimented j
orders. Cash relief is the demand j
of the organized farmers of the
county ard even a large number of
■mall businessmen are becoming 1
aware of the fact that this demand j
is Justified and the most sensible
Present Arrangement Favors
one.
Chain Stores
Due to the fact that the keymen
in the communities have practically
been pat out of commission and
people have to come into Plenty
wood to get their orders. Plenty
wood businessmen have been re
ceiving a lot more business, es
pecially the chain stores. This, of
cour-e. 'worked to the disadvant
age of the small businessmen in
the outlying communities who re
reived so much less of the relief
orders.
They have been complaining and
they are pretty excited about it.
!
But that will not help them any.
Anger and swearing and complain
ing will not get ïhem anywhere ;
and unless they do something in
an organized way they will get
loss and less business and will soon j
tav, l„a W ly tor relief them- :
,
Their solution lies in an orna-;
nired effort, with farmers.and
hofte-s toeefter to enforce the do
m and for cash relief.
Lecture and Movie at
Plentywood, Aug. 24
The Workers and Farmers Cooperative Unity Alliance
and the National Committee of the United Farmers League
have jointly organized the lecture and motion PJ c ^JJ re circul
which will come to the Farmer-Labor Temple at Plentywood
It promises to be a most
on Friday, August 24, at 8 p. m.
instinctive and most interesting affair.
Mr. Kuusisto, who accompanies*'
the circuit as a lecturer, is a young
American who has risen out of the 1
struggles of the workers and the,
tanners in the Central States. Al-1
though young, he has had years of j
experience especially in educa
tional work. He will deliver ' alks
°n vital, timely topics. Also promi
nent local leaders of the workers
alotted time dur
ing the affair to take up with the
People local problems
The mo ion picture Vhich will be
shown is all talking with English
dialogue based on the world fa
"ions novel "Mother" bv Maxim
9®*«. without question the great
«st writer of contemporary litera
turc.
and farmers
are
In ibis epic of the screen
will hear and see the echoes
the Russian Revolution directed
T the Master of Cinematic Art of
USSR, Pudovkfav.
Mothfr" is a powerful, drama
tic story of a mother's ordeal and
•teiUlce. Maxim Gorki, famous
, or bis understanding of humanity,
** never written a more piercing
T* °f human lives caught In the
of elemental emotion«, Podo
the great director, with the
''Mlaboration of some of Russia's
HJI A A \T p ir ni rn
IW Q 0 N E Y FI I FS
I I ii Cl}
UICTU DA PHAM
Mr 1 H rAKÜUn
WITH ^OVFRNftC
TT1111 UUf LiIVilUR
_
A_i__ _iCtL
. . ^ "
Anniversary of HlS
Am»»
-
• S ^ N FRANCISCO. — Today *
of bis ar-1
^ *t\ C0 J nï>ll / dty ttie Prepared
rZ ^ bombl , r }f 01 duly . 22> 1916
ZZ T Moo " e ^; tbrou ^ b bls a ^ off *
Z' ^ e ° GalIa ^ber, filed apphea
F° n u°M & . pard ° n Wltb Governor
J " e ^ nam ;
Attached to the application is a
statement of Mooney giving m
addition to the mass of evidence of
his innocence, presented to pre
vious governors, a further reason
that he was acquitted last year of
the original murder change, when
tried on an old remaining indict
ment. Mooney's statement fol
lows:
"Eighteen years from the day I
was arrested and seventeen years
after the evidence agalrtst me was
exposed as perjured, I am again
compelled to appeal for he fifth
time to a governor of California
far executive clemency".
Mooney's application con'ams
the following statement:
On May 24, 1933, over tremen
dous opposition, I forced my case
again before a court and jury. I
stipulated that where witnesses
were dead or unavailable the State
might use all the evidence used at
my prior trial, provided I were
allowed to disprove it.
trict Attorney who was elected on
his promise to do justice by me, did
not dare to present the ev.ot^ce to
a jury, fearing an exposure of the
whole monstrous vicious frameup.
He publicly states that all wit
available bad been thoroly
ii
The Dis
impeached and discredited. All ma
terial witnesses to my prior con
viction were available except Ox
and this perjurer has beep dis
man,
credi ed an con .
one without exception. Thefts
tnct Attorney, over my most ear
uest protest asked for an adrdsed
verdict, w ic exnosure be
making imposs|M frameup „
ance.
-- _ 7-^ . .
RAYMOND UFL LOCAL
meets AUG. 17
The Raymond Local of the
United Farmers League will
jj ITe jig next regular meeting
cn Friday, August IT, at the
farm of Otto Grantham, Ray
mond. AH members are urged
to be there on time. The meet
faig starts at 2 p. m. sharp.
Other farmers are invited to
«orne also.
gréa est film actors, has turned
Gorki's masterpiece of literature
into a masterpiece of the cinema,
Critics of London, Paris and NeW
York have seen it and invariably
greeted it with thunderous ap
piause.
The circuit has been organized
jointly by the United Farmers
League and the Workers & Farm
ers Cooperative Unity Alliance and
tbeir local organizations as a bene
fit affair. Fifty percent of the net
proceeds will go into the organi
zation fuud of 'he United Farmers
League and fifty percent to the
Course Fund of the
Farmers Cooperative- Unity a
FARMERS ADVISED
TO AT ONCE APPLY
FOR GOV. LOANS
Livestock and Crop Loans
Still Available
Two weeks ago we published the
announcement of the Farm Credit
Administration regarding the loans
farmers in the emergency drouth
area may make. Today again, we
are calling the attention of all the
farmers to the possibilities to se
cure loans that will help them to
carry on a little while longer.
Emergency Crop Loans
Emergency crop loans for gen
eneral purposes may be secured
until September 1. The maximum
f 0 J. the new loans is $250 to one
Snn^r 1131 f ° r &ene J al mv™* 8 a ^d
li°° for , , su ™ mer fallowing or for
the combined purpose of Summer
fallowing and the purchase of win
ter wheat, winter rye or barley
seed - , j
information about these
loans ma y be obtained from the
***** loan committees. j
Emergency Live«!«* Loan, I
The limit for feed and forage
— In emerfrenCy drou * ht coun -
u^ d for X surface ôf Lsto^
th ,™ the fal1 and white* months.
Allowance for work s'ock is $4 per
head V er month - for ca ttle $3 per
^ ,
ppheation for these loans are
fc now^ocated ? in the
XTft. st^î
from toe hi School
Crop loans must be secured by
a first lien on the crops financed,
while feed and forage loans are to
he secured by promissary note.
Pamners who have not yet ap
plied for these loans are advised to
do so now. They will rot have
many more opportunities to get
?0 me cash.
j
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DEATH COMES TO THE PRAIRIES
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Millions of head of cattle headed for the last roundup when rain failed a third of U. S. counties. This picture shows how cattle
dropped dead from thirst. Thousands died thus. Over tens of thousands wore shot to prevent their suffering and many hundreds of
thousands have been started toward the packing plants.
WATER FAMINE IN
SOUTH DAKOTA AS
SPRINGS DRY UP
Guards are Placed Over
Wells, Water Is Held
for Sale
SIOUX FALLS, S. D.—A water
famine is spreading rapidly over
the western part of South Dakota.
Hundreds and hundreds of wells
have completely dried up. Springs
have ceased! flowing and so have
a number of streams. In some
parts guards patrol the wells
to protect precious drinking water.
In o her places, drinking water is
hauled over miles and then sold by
the gallon.
Not a drop of rain ha? fallen for
weeks and the mercury keeps above
a hundred continuously. Since
there is little water for human
needs, cattle and, other livestock
have often no water at all.
Forage and hay crops were also
burned weeks ago. Nothing is left.
Ini some sections they have some
thistles and they are quickly being
harvested to be used as feed. On
the sun parched fields and pas
tures cattle are dying and remain
there.
It looked bad in the spring. Yet
many famners did uot give up.
Twice and three times they seeded
and re-seeded their fields and three
times the top soil was blown off.
There is not the slightest hope left
anymore.
Even the State College of Agrl
culture at Brookings has to admit
tba*. conditions are absolutely te*
rible. According to the estimates
of the college there will be 4.5 bu.
of winter wheat to the acre at the
best. 296,000 acres of wheat were
planted out of which only 42,000
acres will be harvested, maybe, the
statistician of the college states.
AUTHOR
«»
■>?s
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...
(f |,
£ j
C
Maxim Gorki, the World famous
writer whose masterpiece 'Mother"
is sho wn in S0U nd pictures as part
of the joint educational circuit or-j
ganized through the North Cen-!
tral States by the United Farmers
League and the Workers' and the
Alii
mm
ance.
_
FOR AUG. MONTANA
GETS $1,104,000 OF !
FEDERAL RELIEF
- j
WASHINGTON—The federal re
re u e f grant to the state of Mon-j
t&na wil1 am ° unt to W.104.000 for
the ™ nth of Aueust ' « was «- i
nounced.
Over $490.000 of this amoun*
will be for general relief, $500,
000 for drought relief and $40,000
for transient relief. For buying !
material for FERA projects $60,-1
000 is alotted, $4,300 for summer
relief camps, $5,000 for ednea
tional purposes and $10.000 for re
lief among professional workers,
§ D FarniArQ
ra ™f r I ,
Plowed Under
They are Moved to Subsistence Farms North of Black
Hills; 10 Acre Plots for a Living; Two
Million More to Follow
(SEE EDITORIAL)
PIERRE, S. D., Aug. 2.—Over
500 families today are moving
from the lands they homesteaded
50 years ago. Ini trucks, cars and
trains they are being moved by
the government to ten-acre plots
north of the Black Hills.
Capitalist
papers are full of
praise. They are Talking of the
"gigantic experiment in rural so
cialism" launched by Governor
Berry. They forget to mention the
Governor is very much interested
in the land that is being evacuated.
He is one of the biggest ranchers
in the s + ate of South Dakota, and
the thousands of acres west of the
Missouri River
suited for the grazing of his stock.
excellently
are
The government is buying the
dry lands at $8 per acre, of course,
the money goes to the fellow Who
has the mortgage. And $650,000
have been appropriated by the fed
tode of hopelessness, of dismay.
"What can happen to us after
e ' al government and millions more
are being promised to carry thru
this kind of "socialism.
yy
Every family gets ten acres of
irrigated land north of the Black
Hills. Little wooden structures are
being thrown up on every plot to
house these families. The farmers
are expected to raise all they need
OT1 the ten acres, to be self suf
ficing. Relief is out of the ques
tion once they get on the "self
subsistence farms."
The fanners who are moving are
taking it with a grain of salt.
Even the capitalist papers admit
that fanners s'ate: "We can't get
any poorer than we are." An atti
SECOND ALLOTMENT
FOR WHEAT PAD)
iSOON, IS PROMISE
Farmers to Get 9 Cents Per
Bushel Minus Assn.
Expenses
ötcon d payments on the wheat
allotm J £nt extracts will be coming
iroU ^d soon, it was promised by
* / Agricultural Adjustment Ad
mmis ration. Sheridan county farm
e™ are to receive approximately
$100,000 on the 2,100
in the county.
The second installment will be
paid at the rate of nine cents per
bushel. From this, however, each
P-o-rata share of he expenses in
cuned by the local production con
trol association will be deducted,
This deduction will also include the
money spent unnecessary for the
whed pushers, surveyors and sta
ticians who
contracts
acreage of land under he contract,
ard wh.fter farmur., had m*
planted more than they were sup
posed to. That this work was ah
l°' Ut '' y vlH l°° Us 5 and noM ? nsira '
when he looked at the acres of
wheat completely lestroyed by the
drouth. Now farmers will have to
pay for this work.
For the entire state of Montana!
the second payment will amount to
abou. U, 892,000, Washington ad
vises, 88,388 contracts have been
approved in the state.
The administration announces
that the wheat program for the
1934-36 year is planned upon the
same basis as the one just com
pie ed. The benefit payments will
be 29 cents per bushel and the pro
cessing tax i? to remain the same,
'it was stated.
what we iiave been through, noth
ing worse," they say.
This program is carried out by
the Rural Rehabilitation corpora
tion, headed by Governor Berry, H.
M. Cass, relief administration wel
fare director, and C. L. Chase,
head of the rural credit boaird.
is in line with the policy of Mr.
Wallace and his AAA to plow
der two million farmers, to
them from the market,
course, the ones to be plowed under
are the poor and middle farmers
in order that the big and rich
fanners, the corporation farms,
may have a larger share of the
market so that they can produce
for profit.
It
un
remove
And of
Two other projects are being de
veloped by the Rural Rehabilita
tion corporation. The government
holds title to hundreds of farms in
the eastern part of the state. Hun
dreds of western farm families
to be placed on these farms. The
farmers who lived there before
could not make out. were fore
closed and thrown off the land by
the sheriffs. They gave their
besrt , and after they were bled
white they had to leave. Now
other group of farmers is being
placed on these farms. They
starting out with a heavy burden
of debts and will be less able to
make the grade than the first
group. All *he v have Is a chance
to work for a number of years for
taxes and interest, for the state
and bankers and mortgage holders.
An abandoned Menoonlte colony
In southwestern South Dakota near
the Tames river has been pur
r h a *ed. Seventy families are he
mo ved to this propect.
are
an
are
Holiday Convention at Minot
Endorses F.E.R.B. Presented
By N. Dak. U. F. L Leaders
I
W1LL1STON N D —Farmers in
Williams county, ' North Dakota
need immediately from 5,000 to
6,000 tons of hay to feed their cat
tie it was conservatively estimated
here bv the administration after
already 25,000 head of cattle had
been bought in the county by the
federal government,
qn. p rppmmitmn nf tWa fonf k
•*
6,000 TONS OF HAY
NEEDED IN WILLIAMS
COUNTY ESTIMA IE
g- OW mmont «hmiia
thfnft^Ta^ers in sîeXo ZZ'
t y% t h*t Zulh f«d»„d hav £
needeoi in William« countv accord
^ Mm^serv^iv^estlmate 1 ^
good deal more is necessary to feed
ÎÎÎLft * Sheridan
„ 7 ' ,
Smce farmers now are compelled
j needed,
; ganization, the more powerful a
1 demonstration, the more feed can
' b* secured,
to feed indefinitely the cattle pur
chased by the government because
farther shipments have been stop
ped for, as they, say, stockyards
are congested, the feeding prob
lem becomes still more compli
cated.
Farmers should insist that they
get the feed that is needed. Indi
vidual insistence will not be recog
nized. Organization is what is
And f he stronger the or
MORE THAN 3 MILL,
BUS. OF WHEAT IN
mont, elevators
Cattle Need It* Fnrre
Agencies to Distribute It
HELENA—The number of bush
els of Montana wheat in storage in
mills, eleva'.ars and farms amount
to 6,413,000 bushels on July 1, or
practically 7,000,000 bushels less
than in July last year, it
nounced by the state and federal
livestock and crop department here
today.
Storage supplies on July 1, 1933
amounted to 13,398,000 bushels.
It was estimated that this
was an
year
on July 1 there were 3,262,000 bu.
on the farms compared with 8,898,
000 bu. last year. At the present
there
wheat stored in Montana elevators
compared with 4,500.000 bushels a
3,150,000 bushels of
are
year ago.
With still more "han 3,000,000
bushels of wheat in Montana eleva
tors livestock of Montana farmers
is dying. Farmers are killing their
poultry because they have no feed.
The relief agencies maintain that
there is no feed in the state. The
figures of the livestock and crop
department shoW that this is not
true. Relief administrations of
South Dakota are buying feed in
the' western part of Montana, hay
and wheat.
What are eastern Montana relief
agencies going to do? What is
going to happen to the more than
8 million bushels of wheat in the
elevators ? Farmers are interest
ed in the answers to these ques
tions. They need feed for their
cattle and need It immediately.
Mrs. L. M. Olson who lives south
of Dagm*r, was brought to the
hospital here on Friday where she
was operated on for appendicitis.
She is improving nicely.
For Two Days U, F. L, Committee Receives Cold
Shoulder, After Issuing Leaflet Ingerson Gains
Floor, Bill Endorsed Against One Vote
By a Farmer Correspondent
MINOT, N. D.—The State Convention of the Farm Holi
day Association of North Dakota, held here from July 25 to
July 27, endorsed the Farmers Emergency Relief Bill.
The Convention, meeting at the time it did with the aim
of getting as much support as possible for the Langer — ~
chine, upset the apple cart and inspite of the presence if all
the Big Berthas of the Holiday, Reno, Burdick, the others in
ma
cluding the greatest demagogue of the midwest, Langer
himself, voted approval of the only real relief bill proposed
for poor farmers' protection.
*
i
BANKS USE DROUTH
TO HOLD UP INN.
FARMERS FOR' HAY
miVlULIVO rui\ tl/il
Small Farmar wuk a r _
bmallfarmer WiÜ.6 0>ws
Is Squeezed $20 for $5 j
Piece of Pasture
By a Farmer Correspondent
MINAHGA, Minn.—The drouth
burnt me up plenty, but the way I
the bankers take advantage of it
boms me up still mare.
I am a small farmer with only
six cows. Like many in the same
fix I haven't enough hay on my
own land (beware of the "my" be- ;
cause the state is after me for the j
taxes, the insurance company for
insurance, and the bank for mart
gages) to carry the cows through
the Winter. The hay land we have
to rent is owned by insurance com
panies, banks, loan companies, etc.
I used to rent hay stumpage from
the Murray Land Office in Wadine
for $5 i 0 $7 for many years. Now
I learn from the court that Murray
never did have title to the land but
simply laid claim on it and made
us pay.
Now the G, M. Gustafson Co.,
(mortgages, insurances) of Minne
apolis claims to have the title to
the land. They come to me telling
me how scarce hay is and offer
ing me, in their estimation, a very
good bargain—a $5 piece of hay
stumpage for the small sum of
only $20 to be paid at the First
National Bank for Minahga.
Imagine that. Four times as
much. They a*e doing that every
where. I can't rent hay this year
at such figures, and neither can
the rest of us. Our corn and
grains are burnt up and even the
gardens are wilting away.
Boy oh boy, won't we have to
organize for this Winder.
I know the Minneapolis Journal
won't print this letter, so I'm send
ing it to you.
N. J. FARMERS DEFEND LIVES
OF TWO UNION ONGANIZERS
Ntght Riders Routed When
They Try to Lynch
Henderson
VINELAND, N. J.—A mid
night telephone call to a small
farmer, a member of the
United Farmers League saved
the lives of Donald Henderson
and his wife Elinor, organiz
|
... . ... , TTT , 1
ers of the Agricultural Work
ers Industrial Union, whose
home was raided Sunday
night by a fascist gang of
KKK's and "Vigilantes."
The farmer immediately aroused I
the membership of the United 1
Farmers League and together with j
workers of the Unemployed Co, un- j
cil. they rushed to the home of the
organizers. The lynchers were al
ready preparing to force their way
into the little cot*age. At the ap
proach of the Workers and farm
ers, however, they jumped into
The Vigilantes, numbering about
26, drove up in five cars and sur
rounded the house. Spying radio
wires, they mistook them in the
dark for the telephone connections
and tore them down. They then
began pounding on the doors and
windows which were barred shut.
Mrs. Henderson telephoned the
Vlneland police who said they had
no one to send. The borough po-1
their cars and fled.
The Bill was taken to the
Convention by several mem
bers of the State Committee
Ï^'tiïrsa
"-aST-S ÄKS:
ing U.F.L. members tried for
two days to get the floor in
order to present the Bill and
for tw0 days received nothing
but the cold shoulder from
the Big Shots.
Finally the U.F.I. committee
prepared a leaflet and had it dis
tributed among the delegates to
the convention. The circular also
p ° mted out the need for action by
rank . and file and warning
, aST^nst the tactics of the top
leadership of the F.H.A.
Told to "Make it Short"
Upon this our people were then
granted the floor, but were warned
to "make it short," etc. Ash Inger
son then spoke for the P.E.R.B.
and exposed the other fake bills
passed or proposed. Senator Pra
zier spoke right after Ingerson,
but failed to swing the sentiment
of the farmers away from the
F.E.R.B. Immediately aft^r Frs
zier's speech a vote was called on
the question of endorsing the Bill
and it was passed with only one
solitary vote against it.
We can say that this was a tre
mendous step forward in pushing
the Bill. The fact that the State
Holiday Convention has endorsed
the Farmers' Relief Bill
that the hold of Frazier and others
is not quite as firm as it was a
short time ago. Here it proves
tha + there is no longer unanimity
of opinion even among the little
bigger shots.
Ingerson called for rank and file
unity and for disregard of the poli
ticians. A good number of farm
ers responded to this call, in fact,
proves
many came
his speech and told him that they
agreed with him one hundred per
cent.
Steps were taken to set up a
United Front on the drought ques
tion. Under pressure of the rank
and fHe the leadership agreed to
endorse the United Front action
but stated further that the U.F.L.
Was expected to take the lead in
ibis issue and in other similar
issues.
lice refused protection on grounds
that it was out of their "jurisdic
tion.
She called the state police,
but before the state police arrived
the entire household could have
been lynched. A call to the mem
bers of the United Farmers
League members, ho'wever, brought
quick action.
The farmers and workers re
mained all night on watch.
A workers and farmers defense
corps is being organized by the
International Labor Defense, the
Agricultural Workers and United
Fa,rmer s League.
The attempted mobbing of the
Hendersons is just one
m campaign of Charles Sea
^ ro °k. rich landowner and cannery
operator, together with other cap
to crU f|l Agricultural
and Cannery Workers Industrial
Union which has led several big
strike? in this section,
The storage bam on the Sea
brook farm was set afire as an
excuse for the fascist attack
against the union and against the
Communist Party,
Mrs. Walter Crawford of Willis
ton is visiting at the Peter SteW
art home during the week.
more move
A united front fight of workers
and small and middle farmers to
establish the right to strike, to or
ganize for free press and speech,
is being carried on here.

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