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New Deal Destroys Food and Imports from Foreign Countries MONTANA PLANS TO TURN FARM LAND OVER TO CATTLE AND WHEAT KINGS Dr. Butler, the state administrator for relief, has just come back from Washington swelling with news. He tells us that plans are all ready for disposing of 8,251 families through the rural rehabilitation racket. This is supposed to be the beginning of a widespread move in Montana to turn the farm lands back into happy hunting grounds for coyotes and range land for the big cattlemen. The New Deal has told Dr. Butler that the Montana plan is "the most comprehensive yet submitted. Butler received a pat on the back for finding 8,000 farm families in Montana who had no business trying to farm because of the "over-abundance of food in this great land of ours." Dr. Butler bragged of the "enormous research and foresight" needed to hunt up these families and to think up schemes of how to get them off witohut anybody getting wise to the real intentions. Montana and Sheridan county farmers have business leaving the land and going into a peasant istence. This country needs the food. The New Deal lies when it speaks of a surplus. yy Dr. no ex w S BRIa V' 9 C? 5 * Ik SAMUEL INSULL TO GO FREE CHICAGO, April 12.—The government is not going to send Samuel Insull to pris on for the disastrous collapse of his three billion dollar utility business, it was re ported yesterday. Attorney General H. S. Cummins has instructed District Attorney Dwight H. Green to "forget" the remain ing federal charges against Insull. That shows that if you are a big enough robber you go unscathed. TUG WELL FEARS UNEMPLOYMENT WILL LEAD INTO WAR ROCHESTER, N. Y.— Rexford G. Tug well, assistant secretary of agriculture, said in a speech before the Teachers' As sociation here, "America's unemployed con stitute one of the country's greatest as sets if put to work. "If these idle workers had been gain fully employed since 1930, they could have provided a $5,000 home for every iamily in the nation." Tugwell expressed the fear that unem ployment might eventually force the Unit ed States into a great war. ONE-MAN STRIKE UNSETTLED APfER FOUR DAYS LONGVIEW, Wash., April 17.—A one strike kept the S. S. Hanley in dock man tor the fourth day. Bruce Hensley, radio operator aboard the steamer, instituted the strike in de manding better wages and a shorter work eek. Alone he began picketing the Wey erhauser Timber company vessel. Union longshoremen, who never disre gard a picket line, watched him for a while and then went home again. All persuasion of company officials has failed to get the longshoremen to load the vessel. v\ TOBACCO ACT UNCONSTITUTIONAL LOUISVILLE, Ky., April 15. — The Kerr-Smith tobacco control act, designed to boost the income of tobacco growers, held unconstitutional by Federal Dis was B trict Judge Charles I. Dawson yesterday in another decision striking at New Deal leg islation. HIGH FOOD PRICES CAUSES RUMPUS IN MICHIGAN DETROIT, April 15.—The complaints of housewives in Detroit about the rising food prices have finally caused grand jury investigation. Bread, milk and meat have taken the greatest jumps. Bread has jumped two cents a loaf and milk one cent per quart, with other commodities going up in proportion. _ Prosecutor Duncan McCrea, in petition ing Judge Henry S. Sweeney of recorder's for the session, expressed the opinion that the increased prices are a result of price fixing conspiracies and com binations in violation of the state anti-trust laws. WHEELER PROPOSES GOVT. OWNERSHIP OF RAILROADS WASHINGTON, April 15.—A bill pro viding for the government ownership and operation of the railroads, beginning next January, was proposed by Senator Wheeler of Montana yesterday. The bill provides for acquisition, owner ship and management of the railroads by a federal corporation, called the United States Railways, under public management and in the public interest. It would guar antee a better transportation system, with lower freight rates to the public. GUNS MOUNTED IN FARM STRIKE LAREDO, Texas, April 15.—Machine guns were mounted here today against the general strike of 1,500 agricultural work who are out for wage increases and against actual conditions of serfdom in the fields. ers Three thousand workers and sympath izers staged a mass picket demonstration at a bridge over which scab produce would have to pass. The strikers are determined to stay out until a complete victory is won. Unity Against^AAA a nd r a mm e o_ • Cl T-I . n . u D Ä p. .1 . I 1 Harris Shows lhat Government Has Been Deliberately 1 Holding Out on Relief in the Drouth Areas; * Points to ISWrl of I aknr Partv F Concluding section of the re piort of Lem Harris at the Sioux Falls Emergency Belief Confer once, March 25-27. Th« Drouth of 1935 Now we come to the Worst dis aster the farmers have ever faced ; For the second time in Ameri can history, the swirling dust has sailed across the country and clouded the sun for Wall Street and Washington. ; The United States Soil Erosion Service is issuing official warning of the disaster which these dust clouds indicate!. Bennett, the di rector of the service, states: | Already five million acres of fertile farmland has been i —the drouth of 1935. once completely destroyed by wind erosion—shorn of the productive topsoil which is the very essence of its fertility. At least 60 mil lion (acres are seriously menaced and the danger is spreading with amazing rapidity. Many fields have lost as much as 16 inches of topsoil, in the intense storms of the past three years; others have been stripped down to pli|w depth by the wind." The news should not be hidden that the drouth of 1935 threatens in wide areas to be as bad or worse than the drouth of 1934. The proof that these facts are known and accepted by the business lead ers of the country is shown by the comment of the National City Bank in its March bulletin: ". . . the drouth ha« not been broken in this vast wesljern area . . . the deficiency of subsoil moisture is greater than ever. . . . and exceptionally favorable conditions will be necessary to raise good crops this year in the groat wheat states." The department of agriculture it self has shown by a single notable action that it, too, accepts the fact of a 1935 drouth. Last week Wal lace lifted restrictions on the planting of spring wheat for this year provided that farmers agreed to reduce acreage in 1936, The AAA has the jitters—they know that if they go on with crop re duction in the face of certain drouth, the farmers of the drouth belt will rise! up against them. They also know that merely lift ing of planting restrictions will not help farmers in the drouth ar ea. Wallace is not giving us any thing by this action. All he warts to do is to avoid certain criticism The drouth of 1935 is an latf r. accepted fact, by Weather and crop experts, by big business, and by Secretary Wallace himself. Our desperate need calls for immediate Emergency and radical action by this conference to force relief. The strange thing about Amer ica today is that we have the tech nical knowledge and the wealth for overcoming disasters of this sort. We could have saved the Cattle. We know how to prevent wind ero sion. Two months ago, the U. S. weathebr bureau warned that when the late February and early March winds began to blow, dust storms might be expected. The U. S. Soil Erosion Service points to the fed eral soil erosion project in Nebras ka, where 100,000 acres, lying a the path of the wind storm, not damaged. The methods are simple—leaving in the stubble, j planting sorghum, ridging at right anglés to the prevailing winds, cross were etc. Whom Can W« Trust? Like all people caught in a des perate situation, the ruined farm and workers are struggling •wildly and reaching out for every thing and anything that looks like Their calls for help are being answered by strange figures arising overnight who pro mise many things. In answer to the rising tide) of resentment a gainst concentration of wealth, Huey Long appears from Lousiana with the popular cry, "Share the Wealth." He is given the radio, the press to talk to thousands of us directly, and plant thé idea our minds: Let's give him the pow and shake down the rich boys, then all will be well. Strangely it is the rich boys Who are co operating in opening up to Huey the expensive avenues of publicity. rrs a solution. in or Let us look at a few more New Deal figures. These can also be found in the speeches of Congressman Lem ke of North Dakota and others. Five times as much butter came into the coun try from foreign lands last February and March than a year ago; six times as many cattle; thirty four times as much pork; three times as much can ned meat; 121 times as much corn; twenty-eight times as much wheat. Still the New Deal has the gall to come out and say that there are too many farmers and that half of the American farmers must be put off the land. The New Deal still has the nerve to come out and say that there is too much food produced, and keeps on destroying food while imports pile up. That never will hold water. There is a better reason to explain this insane food destroying scheme. Food is destroyed because this will raise the profits of the men who run the New Deal. Getting farmers off the land means more mon ey for the corporation farms and the rich farmers. The answer is simple: Just exam ine his record in Lousiana. Any one knows what Governor Long of Lousiana has done also knows that the rich have nothing to fear from him. Just a few weeks ago he admitted to a newspaper reporter that when he was governor the workers on public roads were be ing paid 10 cents an hour. That may be sharing the work, but is it sharing wealth with those work ers ? With a great blast around the state, he announced a special tax on the Standard Oil Company. One day he had a game of golf w 'th the president of the Louisiana Standard Oil and on that same day the senate receivfd a bill reducing John D. Rockefeller s tax from •> cents to 1 cent. Is that sharing wealth? While GovernorLong s record of calling out militia a ffainst strikes and blocking the Negroes from the polls is a record of faithfully sharing this wealth And today, Wali Street has special use for this man, whose within Wall Street. wise cracks and big promises ar.' attracting many thousands of peo pie. Perhaps he will be their choice for president two years from now as a man of sufficient brutality to ruthlessly crack down on the ever rising power of the farmers and wage workers. We have a fine example of how a Huey in Germany called Hitler came into power backed by the big bankers of that country. Hitler also promised to divide the 'wealth amongst the German people. Far mers were promised relief from their debts; workers were promis , . . j ed unemployment insurance; and so Huey Hitler capitalized on the distress of the German people and promised himself into power. Huey Hitler's record of how he carried out his promises is now open to the world to see. Take for example his farm legislation, In Germany there are about six million farm families. Two bun dred fifty thousand of the richest have been granted a debt mora torium and other privileges. This legislation definitely excluded 5, 750,000 farm families and has left them poorer than ever before. Hit 1er also destroyed all farm cooper ativés. As to organized labor in Germany, Hitler iused the storm troops to destroy every trade un ion in the country, and set up in its place government unions. No wealth has been confiscated or di vided; no large companies have been heavily taxed; Huey Hitler, served the German financial inter este faithfully. And in doing so, he also served Wall Street, 'which has an investment in Germany of more than. $2,000,000,000. Another Messtah Another strange figure has ris en to preach wealth for all to the ❖ *> 44 ♦* <■ When You Need a Doctor in a Hurry 44 71 f 44 v •• * 4 ❖ v 44 IT PAYS TO HAVE A TELEPHONE •» .V 4* - O Flavor Your Straw and Thistles with Molasses - $15 per barrel 4 * We also have on hand «4 Alfalfa Hay - Oats Good for Seed - Cottonseed Bran - Com (both whole and ground) Re-ground Oats ( < SUPPORT YOUR ELEVATOR Farmers Elevator Company Reserve, Montana distressed American people. Fa- ' ther Coughlin has caught the Am er j can ear attacking the cor nipt money changers of Wall Street. He too promises an easy solution by simply inflating the dollar. We notice that the radio priest has made special efforts to place his program before the far mers by attending their conven tions and writing in their press, There is danger here of splitting us off from our allies, the city workers, because inflation means For that ! a wa ge cut to them, ma tter, inflation is also a calam jty for farmers on or off relief, because their few dollars buy less and less. The theory is that far me ' rs C an pay off a debt contract e( j j n sound dollars twice as fast w ith dollars stretched by inflation. Wc must not forget that we muht first sell sound products and re C eive the stretched dollars leaving us ag usual behind the soaring prices of things we buy. There i s significance in the fact that Father Coughlin's great shrine in Detroit was built entirely with non-union labor. | We must apply searching tort. t0 all those w ï 0 rise U p with pat ; ent sortions Ins**. of piacing ~ S'L"'ur^larf £i be controlled commit tees of action elected from the ranks We know that in the mass es we always find good sense, and an uncorruptible loyalty to the j common good. To all leaders who , a sk for our support, we will ap- ! p i y this test: Do you accept the direction and control of the rank a nd file ? And in addition to lip service to this question, we must ■ look into the record of these lead- ! ers and see if we find years of j work, loyally defending the inter- j a sts of all who sow and reap and ; manufacture the necessities of life. ' that leaders of this type arc flirt-1 ing together for the purposes of i forming a third party in 1936. Millions of workers and farmers are demanding a non-capitalist party controlled from the ranks, Such a party would be a real labor party and could never mix with elements that lead directly to fas cism. * j Many farmers are turning their hopes to legislation to help us 0 ut. More than 120 bills have been dropped into the hopper in Wash ington. Bills of all kinds. But on examination we find that near ]y a ll of them are for those farm ers who have a substantial equity, ; who have livestock and machinery | and the necessary equipment to 1 put a crop. They are not for j the vast majority of farmers in | this area, who have lost everything through the reduction program and j the drouth. Many are better than 1 the so-called remedies of the AAA, 1 There are evidences on all sides Bills Before Congress but none meet the emergency which calls us together except the Farmers Emergency Relief Bill, H.R. 3471. This bill, introduced into con gress my Congressman Burdick at Cutting production means less competition for them. It also means more profits for the packers, millers and food speculators. That is why the New Deal is pushing the peasant schemes. That is why they would rather import wheat and beef. They try to cover up their motive in all sorts ol At the same time they try to discourage the ways. farmers with farming in any way they can. Last year they didn't do a thing about the drouth until the damage was done. Then a lot of money was appropriated but not much of it was used. The drouth was used as an excuse to clean out the herds. This year they knew the dust storms were coming. The federal weather bureau issued warnings long ago. There was not a thing done until now after the storms have ruined twenty million acres. Seed loans are promised. Red tape is piled up. First, no blanks, and then some other blank is gone. Farmers come to Plentywood looking for loans. They can't get them because the officials are twiddling their the request of thousands of farm ers, provides for decent relief for our families, wiping out the debts, and feed and seed loans that will enable us to put in a crop at once with full protection against attach ment and eviction. In short, it is the only bill which will enable us to keep our farms, and continue to raise crops to feed the people of the nation. The immediate pas sag© of this bill will help us at once and prevent further ruin. Our Basic Demands We also must have the credit necessary to put in a crop. Oui* demand is repayment of thi s loan s h a ll be optional in land or cash only when we have made a suffi- ; cient profit on our crops to meet the full living requirements of our families. We face the probability 0 f cr op failure in many sections this year. There will be areas where there is no use putting in a crop—here funds should be made available for operations to prevent soil erosion, renew our stock—re pair our equipment so that we may start again. So far the govern _" V "7", . r~" ' — ""'A" Th. Ü(So' JV™* ** "^ d w . .™ e ( ^ Congressman Burdick stated on mar CHEVROLET SALES and SERVICE DIAMOND MOTOR OIL, 100% Paraffin base. Any S.A.E. grade in 15 gal. drums, per gal, 52c EVEREADY "B" BATTERIES, heavy duty, 45 volt, $1.45 GRANT STORAGE BATTERIES, as low as (exchange) $3.95 FARMERS UNION GASOLINE All kinds of car repairing and oxy-acetylene welding DAGMAR GARAGE Dagmar. Mont. ; ♦ Complete Line REPLACEMENT PARTS for all CARS — TRUCKS — TRACTORS CYLINDER REBORING CARS — TRUCKS — TRACTORS * I Tractor Blocks Rebored and Fitted with New Pis tons, Pins and Rings John Deere * 44 $35.00 Hart Parr 18-36 - - - $38.50 ❖ o - Sleeve and Piston Assemblies for All Tractors t > 4* ♦ ♦ Western Auto Parts Co. •• o 4 •• Devils Lake Williston North Dakota Minot 4 <4 < • ❖ a t V ! Old Style Lager —- AND — Great Falls Beer V * 4 ■ 44 * 4» Always Ready to Serve You at the Old Gold Dollar Building 44 44 41 4p :: We Appreciate Your Patronage and Good Will 4* 4» ► V Carter and Beigh 4 î LUNCH COUNTER IN CONNECTION 4 the floor of the House t^^North Dakota alone required $Z0,0W,UUU. j And besides, the usual hard temu, are exacted. No one may have a federal seed loan until all private j means of credit are exhausted. This forces us to plaster any clear property which may be left, Locked up with the fight for re ij e f an< j production credit is the growing necessity for wiping out j,ack debts. This would legally re cognize a fact that is taking place, The $13,000,000,000 of farm debts can never be paid. The Farmers Emergency Relief Bill invokes the emergency powers of the govern ment to outlaw evictions and can cel debts. There was a time when some of us thought that a mora torium would tide us over to bet ter times. But better times never came. We are now forced by ne cessity to demand that this im possible load of debt be wiped out. wheat rlax °" ts Eggs MARKET NEWS The market is firmer this week. , .-.$ -99 1.66 .67 1.12 Corn Butter .33 .16 thumbs. If the seeding time goes past with half farmers not getting seed, the New Deal gang can stories about the misery of the Montana farmers TÎ push the farmers off on the Fort Peck Poverty Patch Let us stay on the land. We have some of th best land in the country. There is not too much 6 in cultivation. the Of it We don't have to worry about foreign markets. The United States is becoming the foreign market for every other nation in the world. We raising enough. Sheridan county farmers will never be with a two-acre Poverty Patch. Let Butler make are not satisfy _ • a col lection of them and present them to his grandchildren We are going to demand the cancelling of our back taxes, issuing of ample credit and relief, and a state pension law that actually amounts to thing, based on the Workers Bill, 2827, and the age of the Relief Bill, H.R. 3471. some pass nAvtinnnv/in STRLSA CONFERENCE MOSTLY A FARCE m / TPKWOF STRESA, Italy, April 15.—The outcome of the Stresa conference seems only to be an attempt to lull the fear of war in the masses. At least the six-point proposal o) the three powers, France, Italy and Eng land, does not hinder Hitler in his rearma ment program. Hitler was given a mild rebuke, to b true, but mostly for the clumsy manner i which he made his war intentions clear! th e worl d. The main proposals sipped by all thn powers contain the following points; 1. To conduct a common line of duct on the French government's proted to the League of Nations on German n armament. 2. To pursue negotiations for securitj in eastern Europe. 3. Declaring "the necessity of main taining the independence of Austria." Fa this purpose a Danubian conference is ti be held in Rome at "an early date." 4. Proposals for a western Europe ai co pact. 5. A statement that the three pow remain anxious" for promoting "inten tional limitations of armaments." it 6. Approval for Hungary, Bulgaria a Austria to rearm following Germany's armament. The last point shows clearly what farce the conference was. SEAL HUNTERS SAVED FROM DEATH OSLO, Norway, April 15. Fifteen si ing ships, frozen fast in the pack ice n Greenland for nearly three weeks, were tricated yesterday, saving 160 hunters fr a slow death by starvation or from droi ing. SIR OSWALD MOSLEY IS BRITAIN'S HITLER LEICASTER, England, April 15.—S Oswald Mosley, leader of the British fai cist organization, voiced its policy toward the Jews yesterday with an attack upo them that rivaled if not surpassed Hitler anti-semitic outbursts. At the meeting the anti-fascists clash« with Mosley's followers so the police hi to interfere. ENGLISH CHURCHES IN TITHE WAR LONDON, April 16.—Since the incej tion of tithes in England 200 years ap "tithe wars" have been common occurred es and at present they are raging as ha as ever. Today constables are trying 1 collect the churches' lawful dues. Reports of fresh violence in Norfoll Suffolk and Kent counties, where the fam ers seem to be particularly hard presse is almost a daily occurrence. Hundreds i farmers band together to aid a distress« comrade whose goods and chattel are belt seized in lieu payments. A strong sentiment is growing up gainst the churches which deprive the de titute families of their livestock becaw they had failed to pay the church a ten! of their incomes. OBLIGATORY MILITARY SERVICE FOR ETHIOPIA ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, April ^ Emperor Haile Selassie announced yw* day the introduction of obligatory nii- ltal service, including both men and worn*?' The move was regarded as part of h opia's answer to concentration of }®v, troops in Eritrea and Italian Samolila In drafting women as well as ine • was made plain that female military will be confined to nursing and the h GORDON CRAIG IN THE SOVIET UNION MOSCOW, April.— (FSU)—Mr. b® Craig, the world-famous theatrical er, has arrived in Moscow. Mr greatly interested in the Soviet ^ and it may be recalled that in ., ^ article in the London "Times n® , y 1 the Soviet Theatre was today the p . h atre with any life in it and in '' - - was any scope for creative w°r • poses to undertake the product of Shakespeare's plays in the Ä 0 He of • ademic Theatre.