OCR Interpretation

The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, May 24, 1935, Image 1

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053305/1935-05-24/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

" THE producers neWs
Your Neighbor to
cn'bo to Your Paper
Become a Correspondent
to the Producers News
Paper of the Oppressed and Exploited
Voixvm No. 10
Carl Hansen Willj
Lecture on USSR
At Hinsdale, Farmers Union Picnic, June 2 ; Plentywood,
Farmer-Labor Temple, June 1; Comertown,
June 4; Dagmar Hall, June 5
Carl A. Hansen of South
i«gs, S. D., will lecture on his
in Soviet Russia'' at the
mer-Labor Temple, Saturday,
Union picnic, Sunday, June
und at Dagmar, Brotherhood
for arrangements of other
»«tings, write to Hans Harder
*en, Plentywood, Mont.
Carl Hansen is the son cf Prof.
Niels E. Hansen of South Dakota
gtate College, who has gained wide
fame as America's foremost agri
culturist. Both father and son
have made previous trips to the
Soviet Union for the purposes of
agricultural exploration. On these
trips Carl Harsen acted as tech
aic&l assistant to his father.
Returned Last October
They returned from their last
trip to Russia, October 19, 1934.
This tour was made on invitation
by the Soviet government.
Both men have Written numerous
article? on what they saw and
learned in the Soviet Union. Ap
pearing in many magazines and
■ewspapers these articles found the
liking, especially of farmers, be
cause of their simple language and
excellent style.
Carl Hansen is an able and con
rincing speaker, and his point of
riew on the subject of Sovie' R"s
" t° U ? nielTe ? 'VJ**
trowds at Hinsdale and Shendan
MOSCOW, May 18.—The larg
eit airplane in the world crashed
»av MoscoW today when it col
lidf with a smaller plane. The
passengers and crew, 49 in all,
wer * killed.
Maxim Gorky, the name of the
plane, ^had eight motors and could
carry 75 passengers.
vnalirr - ,
r LTi
«mpanymg the Maxim Gorky to
ni-'v* a?t jr size. Pilot
also killpd K*™«* ? lane w f
amiiri<f ri ? a ' S d ® ln ^ stunts
hap'ieîied° er§ the co ,sion
c ,» ^ ,
,!'? T? w ": up C 001 '« Wage Scale Which Was Pub
lishecl in The Produce-« lSI~.«-o Ck~ A r* a
Has FinX r ~ S . . £ rune Ag0
-las finally Come Out In Open
President Roosevelt has finally
fcrougbt the pauper wage scale—
agoîout 6 r. 18 ^ a WhÜe
. out m the open and signed
Wlar work relicf measure'
. - pay ra.;res~- { 19 pe,
S f " the
[Msional and technical workersTn
** east. The wages will be 20
per cent below the prevail
«g wage s throughout the
Country Divided
c °ur.try is divided into four
S?" ln regional Wages,
7 e f c mr sections are as follows:
f***. New U Ham^h!r e M New
l7 p y. New York Penxisvlvania
Island, Vermont
Indiana, Michigan MinnèsAtn Ar
'ra, Ohio Än^n
^°lorado, Idaho Montana \r orn î a
^ »iÄ« ! w a y£
V 8 and Washington.
°r unskilled work in these
^borers ir towns over 10«
*° receive $55 a mS;li2
u wns from 50,000 to 100 000
■ to Rnn!L 0n ? in towns from 25,000
«• 25 2 % , in f rcm 6,000
$40 t„wn s under 5,000.
for , Work
U !i ; 5 , work . pay will
ari 2. , W °. *86 and *501
Clitics n skinL nous si , zed muni_
**eive Irk workers will
Profession'. * 75 J * 70 ' 063 ^d $55.
$^5, Ç75 j7A in » ß ^ ckn i ca Lworkers,
fe8si ^and tfh ^ ?55 - Pt
^ri°n numKc. technical Workers
$83, $7? S r0ne receive $94,
lively* and Î61 a month re
^ka, North ai n a ^' Missour i. Ne
KDeia^^tf» South Da
bla - Maryland' of Colum
T^e govern West Vir gima
''overrunept wi U pay un
to 30
Dakota State College, Brook
and his father's "Experiences
following places : Plentywood, Far
June 1; Hinsdale, Farmers
2; Comertown, Tuesday, June 4,
Hall, Wednesday, June 5th.
" "
, W ^ e . ^ wedding of a pop
Uia f M edicme Lake young couple
^ok place in the St. Patrick
p ' urci Wltk Father Barry officiat
Popular Medicine
Lake Couple Weds
The bride, Rosemary Dolin, is
the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Joe
F . Dolin. She Vas graduated from
Medicine Lake high school in 1932
and has been associated with the
publication of the Medicine Lake
I The groom, W. Gaffney, is in
the automobile business at Medi
cine Lake and is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Simon Gaffney, old tim
ers of the Medicine Lake country,
| LitÜB Christensen, three
! year old son of Mr. and Mrs. Axel
Little Reserve Boy Dies
Wednesday, Pneumonia
Christensen of Reserve, died
; the Plentywood hospital last Wed
nesday, another victim of measles
and pneumonia.
He leaves his parents, his 12
year old sister Norma, his brother
Eldon. 13 years old, and many rel
atives and friends, among them his
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Nels
Funeral services took place at
the Danish Lutheran church
Dagmar yesterday at 2:30 p. m.,
with Rev. M. Larsen officiating.
Many beautiful flowers were Wit
ness of the love felt for the little
: fellow by a large number of his
! friends.
, _
i Mr. and Mrs. John Sanvfk of
Great Falls, former residents of
Outlook and stage driver between
I Plentywood and Culbertson, were
visiting friends in this part of the
country last week.
1 5 , killed , . . ,
$4 g $42
: «onth,' de^ndltg upon the size of
Intennediate workers will re-!
," d Î3S
^ SÄ Ä, «SnS »Ü
i Prof f sslon al ,and technical work
"s Z'Jl ** Pa,d $79 - * 73 . »«. »57
i ttw, urn . ,
! wiü rc^ve
J 2 1 ^ 5 ' $33 ' * 29 ' ?24
int f™ lediate workers pay
&< ! ale ' accordin » size the mu
' mCipahties ' <wi11 ** ^ 62 - $43.
i^ 36 and ^ 30 ' Skilled workers will
■| receiw $68 ' $62 > 548 and $38.
' ; Professional and tchnical workers
: WiU ^ $76 ' î68 ' * 62 ' - d
4> Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
Mississippi, North Carolina, South
! Ca ^* a " d Tennessee.
) Wa K e scales for unskilled work
ers in the old will be $30,
! Prowlers Scared Awav Kv
5 M AWa y
Relief Office Watchman
Arkansas, Kentucky, Lousi
j ana Oklahoma, Texas and Vir
1 ginia.
(Continued on page 4)
Th© night watchman at the
lief office was awakened about 1
o'clock Friday morning when he
heard a slight noise at one of the
Upon investigating he noticed a
piece of glass Vas cut out of the
window pane outside the window
Someone evidently tried to break
into the office, but fled when they
heard the watchman stir within.
I m
« 1
> 4 , »
■ i' , ,
: v- ; 'r ••
* %
-, S
- -v^
J -- ^ânÜÉÉi
ir jr r - - jt ,-s~ . .. i y^ ra - r . ^ - ,
town W pT e nto^f idS rr hed ? î? ay ? ay rar i ad / s thruo ^ the «mitry. In the
nlnncr f^ ^ S" ont démonstration, (upper left) tots too young to march were wheeled
prs; Æ*!; New York s Communist parade Upper right) was led by march
ers carrying huge portraits of radical leaders. The lower picture shows part of a crowd
listening to speakers in Newark, N. J. Peaceful demonstrations like these didn't give the
cops a chance to break them up.

1 'loi.
dayTwiluston W* 10 Transportation
on may the soTiiîfor Pro-AAA Farm Delegates
The youth session' of the Sioux
Falls relief conference decided
that the youth should have a day
on Which they could all get to
gether to oppose war. They en
dorsed United Youth day on May
d„ r sJ r t 0U L t0
fi, ÏÎ w k v ï
r d 016 Mld ' West Youth
The Williams County Youth
Continuations committee, elected at
the Sioux Falls report meeting at
Williston, has called for a mass
meeting to tak e place at the Broad
way Club at 2 p. m. on May 30.
This meeting will observe United
Youth Day as a day for youth to
, especially rally their forces ag
; ainst war and fascism.
i The danger of war is more ac
j ute today than ever before. Italy
i is massing its troops in Abyssin
! nia. Hitler has openly begun the
I building of submarines, air fleet
I and army. Hitler is trying to
I form a bloc for the attack east
ward into the Soviet Union. Fas.-,
l « sm plays an important part in
i the war plans. It is used to ore
iate hatred between different rares
and nationalities and at the same
i time tries to create a hiirh rmtinn
al spirit. This is to distract our
! attention away from the real prob
i lem - ^ ^ould draw togeth^
youth of all mm« in «
Kev. Marius Larsen „f Dagmar
SÄ 2S «' » f
m " S mCetmf; '
Wallace's Hired Men Rally
WASHINGTON, D, C.—Th© press was
filled last week with reports of a country
wide "spontaneous march of representative
farmers" who were going to Washington
with songs of praise for Wallace and th©
Triple A,
This seemed ridiculous to __
recently travelled across the farm lands of
this country. Everywhere the great
jority of farmers voiced a growing bitter
ness and revolt against the New Deal. I
have seen some spontaneous demonstrations
myself, demonstrations by desperate farm
ers getting together to resist the sheriff
and t hang on to their farms, their homes.
Wherever I went I heard bitter words about
the AAA.
me. I have
I saw farmers fighting the
"surplus" milk racket in the east and starv
ed cattle slaughtered in the west. I saw
results of the cotton reduction program that
reduced tenants and croppers to starvation
in he south, and drove evicted families
to straggle along the roads,
slave labor of the tobacco fields.
Farmers I talked to Vere bitter about
their lost herds, about the high prices of
meat and bread that brought no money to
their empty pockets. They knew about the
growing imports of foodstuffs, the shrink
nig exports of cotton, while drouth and
AAA continue to reduce their crops. These
were the farmers I knew. The Age of
Miracles was not past if these farmers
liked being pushed into the permanent pov
erty of subsistence plots. Sp I went down
I saw the
Farmers Union Snlits When
— q . jj J? . , v
OCnate Iras Heated
Th « —■*■*« have car
rfed m3ny Vews item s the last
few days of the clash in the sen
ate and the split in the ranks of
; the Farmers Union because of the
"furnished transportation costs" of
the pro-AAA farmers' demonstra-!
Senator Hastings, Delaware Re-|
publican, in a senate resolution,
demanded information as to who!
paid the expenses of the farmers.
His resolution would have Wallace
supply all correspondence concern
* n £ the demonstration, and a re
I P 01 ^ OT1 whether the government
furnished transportation costs.
"This is a direct reflection on
the farmers," shouted Connelly
(D., Tex.) and Hastings retorted
with an assertion it was a "re
flection on these people who have
t* 3611 getting money from the ad
"Ration for doing nothing."
f - ,rther 1» »»
SUrTied u f. xpense f J °* the , facers
1 were bem ^ directly or in
directly by the ^^emment."
« E \ KeT1Iledy of Kankakee - m -
: Vrt™ ftTwt* ° f . the f . Pamer9
1 Utiioti > to which organization many
ol prelate »d teZg fte
1 farmere W0UM
to Washington to see for myself.
"March" Exposed As NW Deal Trick
Out on the edge of town a long string
of pullmans parked near a highway was
unloading the snappiest bunch of white
suited livestock you fellows ever saw. The
only way you could tell they were supposed
to represent farmers Was by the silk badges
that said "N. D. Wheat Farmer," "Iowa
Hog r armer. ' Number one was a county
agent. Number two was a member of the
local wheat allotment committee.
« Th«i it dawned on e that this was no
iiiiracle but just more high-powerèd New
Deal hocus pocus. Here were the "farm
ers who farm farmers^-Wallace's hired
men come to town to root for the boss and
his processing tax from which they get their
$4 a day and the chance to peddle graft
to the rich farmers. The rich farmers
aboard the pullmans, too Like all rich
farmers, J:hey claimed to be "real dirt far
mers." But their white suits weren't dirty,
and if there Was any dirt around the pull
man company was to blame for not giving
them air-cushioned cars.
One C. Day of Texas, leader of the dele
gation, said this was "no shirt-tail par
ade." H e said his "farmers" represented
the whole of agriculture and came to praise
the AAA, not to bury it, Thev came to
tell the world they loved Wallace, they
wanted crop control and benefit payments
extended, and of course they wanted to
make sure Congress didn't kill the goose
that laid the golden egg—the processing
^ 0T1 ' corn » wheat and tobacco bene
j fit payments if they did not take!
j part. • _
; Kennedy produced letters an( j
telegrams from farmers who re
fused to make the trip, to substan
^ —*-■
_ hav e printed an article by!?
Page who attended the "mass
feting" of the "farmers" in
which h e further substantiates
these accusations.
n i n .
Kound_u P Popularity
j Prize U Won Kv MS
»von oy IVipss
| Varty of Plentvwood
M? 83 Agatha Varty, third grade
teacher in the Plentywood schools.,
won the teachers' popularity con
test and incidentally a prize of $10
a t the dance for the benefit of the
cour, ty round-up Saturday.
As most of the teachers pioved
to be popular in their respective
I communities, the vote was split to
a significant extent. The five
reiving the highest number of
'»«e Agatha Varty, 4700;
Dons Billington, 2500; Marguerite
Peterson, 2100; Thora Lervold,
1600; and Mabel Nelson, 1300.
Harold Everson cf Reserve held
- h ? winnîv » numocr the
Fri '
Scents sohedlw fJE
^ -re carried out today. '
I've stuck around with these farmers
through their stay in Washington, and I've
seen and heard nothing to change my first
impression. Their free spending
speeches, the $600 they produced to pay
for a hall, their banquets, the wav Wallace
smiled on them and the president invited
them to the White House—all these things
proved that these Were NOT "representa
The struggling farm men
and women I have met on prairie ranches
and in cabins in the cotton had no part
in this inspired lobby of exploiters.
Hired Men Cheer Boss Wallace
tive farmers.
I had a hard time breaking inot Con
stitution Hall, because I had no credentials
to show I was a county agent, a member
of a county allotment committee, or a "rep
resentative" of rich farmers, or a govern
ment official. This "mass meeting" was
only for the select. When the smooth
handed, smooth spoken farmer guarding the
door refused me admittance, I went around
to another door. There the watch-dog was
busy and I slipped by. I listened to the
speechifying "farmers" and I thought of
Hie delegates frorti the Farmers'Emergency
Relief Conference on their recent visit in
m£ 0ngrssman j üw "
the platform of Constitution hall. These
were the men Vho grudgingly listened to
(Continued on page three)
Labor Defense Leaders Are
In Crave Danger IN
Gallup, N. M.
resolution by Vito Marcantonio
(Rep., N. Y.) calling upon the de
: partment of justice to explain its
inaction in the kidnaping of Rob
ert Minor and David Levinson, de
fense leaders at Gallup, N. M., was
crushed in the house of represent
: atives.
Rep. Marcantonio forced a roll
' call vote on his resolution. The
make public the department of jus
toe's painful attempt to explain
and defend its refusal to act.
111 its communications with the
authorities in New Mexico, it
revealed that a United States at
Gallup, "circumstances surrounding
abductions are distinctly peculiar.
Wire instructions." In another,
; the federal attorney said: "No
! question but that Minor, Levinson
: and others in their group are in
: great danger while in Gallup area
in spite of efforts of governor and :
! state authorities to give them ade-1
; quate protection." I
M . „
Marcantonio States Views
Following the vote in the house,
! ^P^ntative Marcantonio told
! the Daily Worker:
! "Despite the steam roller defeat
i;'!"',' ?*
®* tbe d efense leaders will now
! Protection of the moral
1 effect of exposing the situation.
, Fu rther, ! have a hawkeye on th!
letter and will keep after it until
tho9e mmers ^ et a fair trial *
"It is now perfectly obvious that
the department of justice knows
a . lot . TT10re than it admits. Why
will it not investigate and see
whetbe . r an y of the kidnapers Was
an T^dia-n ?
"Why will it not give the names
of those they have questioned, and
what was said ?"
Twenty carloads of hay Vere
unloaded at Plentywood the first
three days of this week. Six car
loads arrived on Monday, another
six on Tuesday and eight on Wed
Most of the hay is stored next
to the high school building and al
ready covers the space of approx
imately one city block.
The price still remains as high
as ever and farmers, of course,
are unable to buy, especially now
since due to recent rains, grass is
growing quite nicely.
Indignant Farmers and Workers Send Protest Letters and
Circulate Petitions Demanding Return of Miss
Scherlie and Firing of Others
Randal! Continues to Act As Senior Case Worker Des
pite Letter From Helena Office Officially Re
moving Her From Position
Martha Scherlie, local case worker who was arbitrarily
discharged here last week by Mary Hansen, former prison
matron, is fighting for her reinstatement. From her home
at Turner, Mont., she has dispatched letters to K. E. Bur
leigh, district relief head, to Dr. W. J. Butler and to Samuel
Gerson at Helena, demanding to either be shown fair
for being laid off or the return to her position.
Miss Scherlie has also directed
letters of Montasa*
protest to the
relief commission and to Harry L.
Hopkins, federal relief administra
Farmen Indignant
Farmers and workers all over
the county Vho have learned about
the arbitrary firing of the case
worker, are angry and indignant.
Already letters of protest have
been sent to Helena, and a move
ment is on foot to help Miss
Scherlie in her fight for reinstate
Miss Scherlie has become known
as the onl y case worker in the
Plentywood relief office who treat
re H e ^ clients with respect and
di ^ nit Y- In her J* ob as case aid 6
6116 bas tri ed her best to lighten
the torden drouth, AAA and in
dustr i a l crisis have placed upon the
farmers of the county. Never has
Miss Scherlie given cause for com
plaints as other case Workers have
who insulted farmers and their
^ vgg
Randall Dismissal DemanHod
fro,. ., . , , , ,
0 f office forces was necessary, has
aroused f armer s all over the'coun
(Continued on page three)
Relief Grievance Committee
Gets Action In Number of
Cases at Meeting Wednesday
Grocery Order for Grier Family Is Secured; Emergency
Order Issued In Another Case; Presence of
Committee Alone Has Effect
The relief grievance committee of the county met last
Tuesday to consider the complaints of a number of relief
clients. With one exception, the complainants received what
they asked for.
The exception was a request for a pair of glasses which
had been turned down by the administrator. To the griev
ance committee, Prendergast explained that a new ruling
had been established according to which the ERA will not
provide glasses for adult relief clients.
The exception was a request
a pair of glasses which had been
turned down by the administrator.
To the grievance committee Pren
derga&t explained that a new rul
ing has been established according
to which the ERA did not provide
ndw glasses for adult relief clients.
Unfair Ruling
The ruling remains without ex
planation. The relief administra
tion will provide new glasses for
children on relief who need them,
and it will also furnish repairs for
glasses for adults when needed, but
new glasses will no longer be pro
vided. Why this new ruling has
been made, nobody seems to know.
It seems unfair since in mjany cas
es people are expected to use their
eyes for relief work. With bad
glasses or no glasses at all, when
needed, they strain their eyes and
may even spoil them.
But why should the administrat
ors care? There is no danger of
them straining their eyes, and if
they do, they are always .in a posi
tion to buy the best glasses there
rushed On (. oumty
^ th® particular case under
discussion of the grievance com
mittee, Prendergast agreed to put
the matter before the county com
missioners and glasses may yet be
secured for the client with the
help of the county
In the case of GTier family.
- »« '-t
October because they had received
an allotment check of some $80,
^ $6 grocery order and a cloth
in g order were immediately sec
The school house was broken in
to some time early Friday morn
ing and $8 wer e taken from the
superintendent's office.
The burcrlar is believed to have
entered through a trapdoor in the
basement. The window of the
superintendent's office door was
broken in and also a door window
in another room.
J. H. Baldwin Nominated
U. S. Judge in Montana
BUTTE, May 21.—James Bald
win; has been nominated by Presi
dent Roosevelt to be United States
district judge in Montana,
He was a partner of the B. K.
Wheeler law firm.
Baldwin succeeds Federal Judge
George M. Bourquin who retired
in May, 1934, to run for the Unit
ed States senate.
ured through the efforts of the
grievance committee.
Get Action
More than three months after
he had been cut off relief, Harry
Grier had been at the relief office
and asked for help. They had
stalled him off by promising to
send a case Worker to investigate.
Weeks passed but nobody appear
ed. The farmer then handed over
his grievance to Gonius Laursen,
the farmer's elected representative
on the grievance committee. He
got action at once.
In another case an emergency
order was given to satisfy the
needs until a case worker could
get out to the farm.
One woman from Outlook who
had presented her complaint to
Gonius Laursen was told by him
to come right up to the relief of
fice and state the matter before
the committee meeting there. When
it was her turn to present the case
the matter had already been
straightened out by the relief of
fice to her satisfaction.
The presence of the committee
alone had its effect.
Dance and Social at
Tony Melle's Place
There will be a dance and social
gathering at Tony Melle's place on
Saturday evening, May 25.
Everybody is invited.
your lunch and come out for a
good time.

xml | txt