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THE PRODUCERS NEWS
Published Phiday *f each week at Plentywood, Montana, by The Peoples Publishing Company, lue. Entered u Second Chau Matter. October. 18, 1918, at the Pont Office at Plentywood, Montana. Under the Act of March 9. 1879. OUR PROGRAM 1. No evictions, no foreclosures. 9. Pawage of the Workers Unemployment Bill (H. R. 2827) 2. Cancellation of all secured farm debts. 4. Immediate cash relief for unemployed workers and desti tute farmers. S. Passage of Farmers Emergency Relief Bill (H. R. 3471) • Subscription Rates: Per yea it, $2; six months, $1; three months 60 cents. Foreign per year, $2.50; six months. $1.26; three months, 69 cents. .. in nriv rpwsmner it deserves space l y pape . There are four newspapers in the county. Only one, only the Producers News had space for the account. None of the „ , , , . , i Momr other three * newspapers had a word to say about It. Many people will find that strange because after all, it does not bannen every day that the sheriff hires a small army of y ' , ,, . . . iv Q deputies for five dollars apiece to sieze the property of farmer. It is news for any county paper and this news be particularly significant when the sheriff's job, in spite Advertising Rates furnished upon application. ALFRED F. MILLER, Editor EJNAR DUUS, Associate Editor HANS RASMUSSEN, Business Manager Friday, July 5, 1935 Their Silence Speaks Volumes The fact that a group of farmers stood together on June 22 and prevented the sheriff from "cleaning up" on a neigh bor and seize his machinery while he was not even on the place, is certainly of interest to all farmers in Sheridan county. What happened at the Heiberg farm on that day act of farmers* solidarity and as such the story of was an comes of his deputies, is frustrated. In a county with an over whelming agricultural population, no newspaper, one would think, could afford to pass by such a story. But in Sheridan county they can—and still claim to be newspapers. This is really a typical example that shows that certain newspapers only print what is of benefit to their interests and to the interests of the masters they serve. This time there cannot even be the excuse that the papers did not know what happened in the Dagmar country that Saturday. The Plentywood Herald had its acting editor, Mr. Bill Hagen, right on the spot. He apparently on was informed by the sheriff's forces. He went down there in a car with the deputies. We are quite sure that if the sheriff had succeeded in his job Mr. Hagen would have printed the story. And if the deputies had been successful in provoking trouble there is no doubt that the Herald editor would have gleefully printed a streamer across the front page, something in the order of Reds Start Riot at Dagmar Farm. We take it, of course, that Mr. Hagen was not one of the deputies, which means that he went down there to get the story. Unfortunately for Mr. Hagen and for the sheriff the story does not turn out as they hoped. Naturally the Herald prints nothing. Farmers protect machinery of their neighbors while he is away from farm. This story is not so hot for a paper of the Herald's character. Even if the word is not mentioned every body is forced to see that the main point of the story is SOLIDARITY, the solidarity of poor farmers who protect a member of their class against the attack of a machine com pany and sheriff. That farmers once again put into action the slogan "Wife and Children Have the First Mortgage" and "Human rights come Before Property Rights", such a story is, of course, not in the interest of the machine com ptnies, of the bankers and insurance companies etc. On the contrary, it is counter to their interest. Therefore, silence is the order. And the Plentywood Herald does not print a word. )> 4< It was also not quite possible for the Herald to print some of the statements made by the sheriff during this af fair. They were not exactly news but still they are quite characteristic and may give quite a few people something to think about. It is quite comprehensible that when the sheriff says: "I will as soon have a showdown with these farmers now as any time," and "I don't see why Heiberg or anybody else shouldn't be cleaned up on," and "There are a lot of fellows here I want to get even with" that this is some thing the Herald cannot print. After all nobody expects them to expose one of their own clique. This is, of course, only one single incident of the pro paganda of silence. But it is typical because it shows the class nature of newspapers. The paper that is run in the in terest of Big Business will not print any story that would compliment farmers on their solidarity action no matter how important the story and how great the news value. The paper for farmers and workers is the paper of their class, the Producers News! It is loyal to the interests of the working class. Read it. Subscribe for it! "We. Are Sorry, But No More Work" In his letter to the Helena office of May 22, 1935 prin ted in our last issue, Gonius Laursen ask this question : the local office is unable to find enough work for a case, to work out his full work budget, is he then paid the balance of his work budget in cash, or does he only get as much as his straight relief budget amounts to? If the latter is cor rect, then any case can be laid off whenever he has worked to the amount of his straight relief budget, with the that there is no more work. If - I excuse TiUS question was nicely evaded by the state relief office and the reason is obvious, because the conclusion Laursen drawsi is exactly the tactics used at the local lief office here and in other counties. Before a person is put on a work budget he is told what a nne thing that is. He can make much more than the amount he receives on a straight budget etc. The way thev talk you would almost believe that you are actually going to make some money. But it doesn't work out that way. .. WJ? 6 ? a person has worked to the amount of his straight relief budget, he is politely (stress on politely) told are sorry but there is no more work for you this month re << we >> Coffee an i And Mussolini suffers a black eye after being thrown from horse Wonder how the Steed acquitted itself before the firing squad? And the only reason why print ijf P ut °n some newspapers is to Keep the paper from looking bare. And "We do not believe the mass of the people have forgotten or can forget what Roosevelt has rtone and is doing for all of us in tne most strenous economic crisis this country has ever known îï e îî e ' w Yark NeWs - Y «u bet y 16 Ne*w York News. You haven't forgotten and forget neither! And the following notice was ;<°. und in an Arkansas weekly: Anyone found near my chicken house at night will be found there next morning." And so says we bet we we won't Mr. ad Mrs. Axel Markuson and son Keith of Plentywood were callers at the Melvin Everson home last Sunday. Among the North Raymond 1 pe °P le shopping in Plentywood last Saturday was Mr. and Mrs | Charlie Lai ter, Mr. and Mrs. Ber 1 " ard v j> ld . Mr. and Mrs CarlHov d f^ and son Orheck, and Mr, Adol p h Hovdey. Pearl Larter spent last week end W1 ^ h Adel ^ e Evenson. Oibeck Hovdey took his brother Carman back to Fort peck Tueg _, day last week Where Carmen is a^comp^ieTthem* 1 MrS ' Hovdey Alfred Stadst made a deal for a . 0 n Ueere Tractor last week, im bymes hauled it out for him. era Brown spent a few days Visitmg at C. N. McCoy last week, ickey McCoy and Ruby Brown called at the Evenson home last week on Tuesday. on t forget the U. T. L. meet Tif ^ en Y<dd>s nex f w eek en nursday July 11th. Everybody turn out. Let us make this a real meeting. a note from Washington says that_a new seanlane flew 200 i miles on eight gallons of gas. i +v° St IT oplp caT,,t PTt exited about j that.. The New Dealers hsve been j running on les than that for more j than two years. NORTH RAYMOND Committee Repudiates Bills! Of N. D. Cancellation League i j j A set of three bills, covering the taxing of mortgages to be initiat ed by the voters of North Dakota, is being pushed by Charles Taylor and Ashbel Ingerson. The commit tee whose names appear in support of these bills, were given a rather vague idea in advance of their con tents. The committee had met or discussed these bills toge ther. Therefore Pat Barrett whose name headed the list of signrs and might be construed as chairman called a meeting of all the mem bers of this committee. He appoin ted Jasper Haaland of Grandin, North Dakota to serve in his place, since he could not leave the hos pital. The meeting was held in the Grand Hotel, Minot North Dakota and was attended by four of the eight committee members as fol lows: Jasper Haaland proxying for Pat Barrett, Gearge Varnum, Aslaak Haugo, and Loui Negaard. Ashbel Ingersen and Charles Taylor were notified concerning the meeting with the expectation that they would 'welcome the op portunity to discuss these bills for which they were responsible. In stead of welcoming this meeting, Ingersen sent telegrams to mittee members telling them that the meeting had been cancelled. Ingersen and Taylor by resorting to these underhanded means, hop ing thereby to prevent the commit tee membrs from getting together to discuss these matters must be prompted by other motives than the interests of the workers and farmers. Ashbel Ingersen and Charles Taylor are hoping to these bills as a means of promot ing a new organization which they hope they can dominate. The members of the committee who "were present at the meeting took the action indicated in the closed statement which was to pudiate all of these bills. The com mittee felt that it would be ad visable to draw up certain Bills clearly and simply drafted that there can be no question as to their effect upon the majority of small farmers of North Dakota. On the following day, Monday the 17th, a meeting of the North Dakota State Committee elected by the Sioux Falls Conference was held at Fessenden. The following members of the committee present : George Ross of Garrison, Sam Ka baruk of Max, Arvo Husa of Bei den, John G. Walz of Fessenden, Oliver Rosenberg of New Rock ford, and Jasper Haaland acting for Pat Barrett of Sanish. The only absent member was Effie Kjorstad of Williston. Lem Harris, Secretary of the Farmers National Com mitte for action attended in place of Clarence Walstad, Region el Secretary of the united front committee elected at Sioux Palls. This committe also discussed the initiative bills sponsored by Inger sen and Taylor, and agreed that never com use en re so were GIVE US MILK c r « mW 'in i Ml* är» m i Our Political Prisoners i r: 'fe & i An Associated Press dispatch in I tbe Great Falls Tribune dated at ! Washington, Jure 30 states, "John I L. Lewis, president of the United ^ ne Workers, tonight called off the soft coal strike set for tomor " row n ^ht at request of President' Roo?e velt." Lewis and Duncan Kennedy, spokesmen for the Appalachian j producers had a long conference i with secretary of Labor, Miss Per kins where they agreed to continue the present agremnt for anothr 30 days< 'Mr. Lewis and Mr. Kennedy, who represent the operators in the conference, have been talking things over with me this afternoon and again this eveming'." Lewis who is president of the United Mine Workers according to I Miss Perkins' statement really re j presents the operators and has j again sold out the minors interest i to thei operators giving the latter j yet more time to organize their I strikebreaking tactics. Their fathers are in prison for fighting against exploit ers of the working class. Do n't let their children suffer! LEWIS REPRESENTS. OPERATORS SAYS FRANCIS PEKINS After the conference the dispatch further states, "Miss Perkins told they should not be circulated. The committee discussed very careful ly the isues which should be initi ated and appointed a sub-commit tee to draft such measures and sub mit them to the various farmers' meetings to be held in the immed iate future. A whole campaign was outlined for using the initiative a means of bringing before the pe ople of North Dakota the most im portant issues facing the poorest farmers and wage-workers. Sent in by Jasper Haaland and Lem Harris. as STATEMENT We the undersigned whose names appear on initiative peti tions covering taxing of mortgag es, cancellation of certain taxes, and exempting certain properties from taxation, hereby announce our withdrawal from the Com mittee. Our withdrawal is because we believe that the effect of these Pe titions if enaetd into law will be quite different from their nounoed purpose. We heartily fa vor the taxing of mortgage hold ers, the exempting from taxation of -small farmers and home an owners and the cancellation of back taxes of small farmers and home owners. After studying these bills, we be lieve that the above purposes will not be served. We are certain that really effective bills can be drawn np for Initiative action which with out any doubt will serve the inter ests of not only small farm and home owners, but also the inter ests of the renters and the work ers, employed and unemployed. It's a most serious weakness of the above referred to Bills that they ignore the interests of the major ity of the most hard pressed popu lation, to wit, the renting farmers and workers who are not home owners. We understand that these bills are being used by Charles E. Tay lor and Ashbel Ingersen to Tnot© a new organization which they call, the Workers and Farm ers Cancellation League. We are °pposed to special new organiza tions which can only further di vide the ranks of farmers and workers, and weaken the existing organizations such as the Holidav Association. In withdrawing from this com mittee which has no mass backing, we hereby state that we intend to urge the. different xisting mass organizations to agre npon some real initiative bills which without any doubt meet our immediate and build the unity of all working farmers and wage Work ers. l>ro (Signed) Pat J. Barrett Aslaak Hango George N. Varnum Loui Negaard Prank Witty NBWS The Anatomy of Propaganda Editor's Note: In the following article Lowndes Maury, a prominent Butte attorney, briefly analyses the many dif ferent company controlled influences that make public opin ion in Montana today. What is true for Montana is also true for other states and in fact for every capitalist country in the worin. In many respects we agree with Mr. Maury's state ments, in many others we disagree. The chief criticism we have to offer is that Lowndes Maury does not in any way concretely point out in his article how the vicious, lying propaganda of the 'absentee landlords,' of the Montana Hearsts can be successfully met by the working people. He By Lowndes Maury does not emphasize strongly enough that these landlords who control the press, pulpit, universit J** nl) * the professions are organized in perfect and no^rf , ganizations. From this he would have to conclude th * powerful organizations of workers and farmers will bl v to combat and finally overcome the influence of ness upon the minds of the people. 1R ^ We welcome Mr. Maury's article and Or. °nl\ ... . ! , . 35 a valuable button to our columns and we hope that it will help vince our readers of the fact that strong and militant mg class organizations are needed to counteract and f smash the organizations of the bloodsuckers and Jt 1v I t can be done! Para«!«. rantii to con. *ork. * (Continued from last week) DINNER CLUB PROPAGANDA A few day ago in headlines ap peared the marvelous news that a young lawyer had addressed the Kiwar.is, or the Exhangites or the Kotarians, I forgot which, on the wonderful work the railroads had done in the building of the west. Well the West built the rail roads. An area in Montana larg er than the State of West Virgirüa was donated to a bunch of bucca- ! neers calling themselves the Nor- j them Pacific Railroad, The young man used familiar language without intimating that the thought V as not equally orig- j inal with both authors of it, know mg well that great minds fre | quently run in the same rut. Mr. Gladstone said 70 years ago, "that the railroads were the greatest civilizirg agency the world has ever known." The young speaker's father has had a railroad retainer from the Oregon Short Line for 20 or more years. The railroad work bruited by the dlTler club societies is a blind. Ihe sickening advertisements bettng run The finest scheme ever invented hy cute corporation lawyers for i fleecing the public was the plan °f having utilities holding corn , Ponies. Jesse James was a public I benefactor compared to the hold | ,n §T company crowd. ! f personally know many people j who were swindled into buying | stock in holding companies with their life's savings at prices as j high as 80 dollars the share. The ! same stocks are selling now for 4 I or 5 dollars and with a drooping j tendency. These same dupes persuaded by the very one? who j swindled them to flood the Presi dent and Senate and House with j petitions to allow the same sSvind ! lers to get their shirts after they had gotten their coats. Not 1|6000 part of the stock in in the newspapers are a prelude to move or another in further railroad domination of Montana or the entire northwest. After all this rattle of the dinner plates, the farmers can expect higher freight raise or the railroad men can look for a cut in- wages. STOCKHOLDER PROPAGANDA one were MITCHELL SPILLS BEANS gas . ... <: < ,! Sa! pi; ■ m m is - ■ : - - Ms i : 3? m <■ ■'j V y 1 ■ » m - m : A >■$.> ■ ■ - jpii * \ •v i ■ I ^—J 'i «; * pit* mi y'y m Forraer Asst. Sec. of Commerce Ewing Y. Mitchell (left) got a cold shoulder from the boys in Washington when he tried them of graft in the Commerce Department. Senator White of Maine (center) and Senator Copeland of New York listened patiently and did nothing as Mitchell told of exces sive grants to big bosses of shipping industry. "Profits must be preserved," politicals told him. LIST OF GRADUATES FROM EIGHT GRADE IN SHERIDAN COUNTY Vivian Akre, Lloyd Anderson, Edna Bantz, George Bantz, Glen Bantz, Karen Bertlesen, James Blackmore, Cleone Bolstad, Ing wold Brekke, Vivian Brightsman, Katherine Campbell, Floyd Carl son,. Lanora Christensen, Sigrid Christensen, Florence Cybulski, Harley Damm, Robert Dahl, Char les Dahl, Blanche Danielson, Eve lyn Deubner, Pete Engel, Joseph Ereth, Eugene Evenson, Robert Eidsness, Ruth Erickson, Olga Flakne, Myrtle Fransen, Harvey French, Corlton Foss, Robert Fri Mae Granbois, Melvin Grantham, Donald Gray, Leonard Grayson, Arthur Gunderson, Vem Guenther, Ada Hagen, Bryce Han cock, Eleanor Hansen, Uuella Han sen, David Harshbarger, Jare Har shbarger, Joseph Harshbarger, Muriel Hass, Eldon Henke, Kath erine Heppner, Walter Hess, Edith Hellem, Harold Holland, Leonard Holmen, Beryle Hovdey, Joseph Hoven, Grace Ibsen, James John son, June Johnson, Ellen Jensen, Karen Jorgenson, Matilda Kämpen, Elmer Knudson, Evelyn Knudtson, Donna Kazeck, Cecil Kittilson, Ka therine Kohler, Gurlie Lagerquist, Leonard Lindbloom, Leo LodahJ, Lillian Lodahl, Lei and Lossing, Duane Lutnes, Cynthia Martini, edrich, railroads that milk us, or in the Anaconda Co., or IjlOOO part in the Montana Power, Montana Dak ota Power or any large Natural Gas Company is owned by Mon tana people. Not one in 100,000 . , . . -, , , . Telephone and Tele f iapb belongs to Montana peopl ! but these mfiritismal hold f r * f ° r tb « absen 1 t f la ; d ' lords as loud as they would cry for pollce lf . a Rapper Were rurinin P away Wlth their cluld ' PROPAGANDA OF SILENCE . Stran ? as * ma V se * m . the f ls a m '^hty, Irving force in the P ro ?aganda of silence or suppres slon of news * A man must reaa somethln S everyday and also a cer tain aniount is enough. The daily paper is mcst bandy. After it is P e ™ ?ed are dor -e for the day. From this press we get almost no news - R news is so stupendous as to c ° ni P el entrance it is hidden m type like the Pope s great ^cyclical was some months ago in tne ^ dard - SILENCE ABOUT U.S.S.R. No daily paper has mentioned that the Soviet Union has about reached the gross! annual produc tion of wealth of the United States and that next year it will exceed ours by 15 biliion dollars, puutting us industrially in the backward ration class. One Will never learn from the Post or Ga zette that Russia is now the second largest producer of gold, has taken from us the European market in steel, will in the next sixty days absorb the European Market for refined aluminum, that the dam on the Dnieper river is the world's largest unit of hydro-electric po wer, or that it was built by High Cooper, once a Montana Engineer at Helena . Silent propaganda works closer heme also. Has anyone seen in the daily press any mention that one million four hundred thousand paupers in Illinois were cut off re lief? Or that the relief in New York city is costing eighteen mil lion dollars the month and the city faces bankruptcy? NO NEWS ON SCOTTSBORO The daily press of Butte realiz ing that the race question in the Clair Mathiason, Jackie McGowan, enneth McLaughlin, Thomas Melle, Gustav Metvedt, Howard Miller, William Miller, Vivian Moe, Wal do Morstad, Ina Nelson, Bernhardt Nielsen Paul Norgaard, James Ol son, George Ottenbreit^Fohnny Ot tenbreit, Ida Parent, Barbara Par part, Iona Peterson, Albert Ras mussen, Walter Richardson, Fred Richardson, Kenneth Richwine, Frances Reuter, Philip Reuter, Edith Schlag, Luella Schultz, Le ona Schultz, Frank Scmmidt, Hel en Schmidt, Anna Louise Sebastian Katherine Sebastian, Peter Sigga ard, Gladys Snellman, June Stew art, Muriel Stewart, Palmer Sor enson, Lillian Strand, Viola Stoen, Peter Sorenson, Dorothy Sundsted, Herbert Strandskov, Hazel Swartz, Howard Tefre, Arthur Torgerson. VIRGINIA FARMERS JOIN IN FQ JOIIN 1IN S1 R1K.ES SWEEPING NATION Farmers of Virginia's eastern shore are striking to raise the price of potatoes from $1,25 to $2 per barrel. The roads are being picketed to prevent shipment of potatos. They have named a five-man council 'with absolute power all potatoes dug, stored or ready for shipment. over South is really a fight between capital and labor failed to publish the decision by the Supreme Court in the Scotsboro Negro Case for four days after it was rendered, and then only by a small inside paragraph. PROPAGANDA OF THE UNIVERSITIES Under the head of silent propa ganda should be treated the at mosphere of our Universities. For many years the Dean of the Law School at Missoula was also State Division Counsel of the Milwau kee Railroad. How could he help but teach what he himself stud ied? All the unjust deferces of railroads allowed by excorporation laîwyers when put on the bench. Twenty two years ago I sugges ted to the City Council of Butte that the only way to get the city out of debt was to pass an ordi nance placing a Metal Mines tax on the lift ores in the city limits. The idea kept spreading untill it is now a state law. PROF. BOUNCED The man Who spread the idea more than anyone else, was a young professor, Levine, who pub lished an essay on such taxes. He was immediately bounced out of his chair by the State Board of Ed ucation, appointed by Governors, elected by the Companies. Strange to relate, the only professor who ever brought a dollar to the Uni versity was turned out in disgrace for trying to do so. The Metal Mines tax is now a prime source of revenue for the University of Montana. Levine is the only man ever theire who by financially bene fitting the institution should have a monument. Since his fate was decreed by the poVvers that be, no teacher dares think out loud at the Uni versity of Montana. If anyone thinks Butte is corporation ridden let him look at the record of last state senator and nine out of ten of our legislators (all except Goodwin) and then examine the record of the Missoula men in the Legislature last winter. our A. C. M. RUNS U The company propaganda runs the University, the University Holiday Demand Bushel for Bushel Settlement of Loans St. Paul, Minn. — A call for* farmers to pay no more than bu shel for bushel on the seed loans owed the government was the out standing result of the meeting of some 52 Holiday leaders who met in the state capiaol here on June 20. On the question of feed loans the meting endorsed the plan of refusing to pay anything until cost of production were paid. The AAA procesing taxes were con demned as opposed to the inter ests of the farmers. The majority 0 f these at the meeting were members of the Minnesota Holiday with few pre sent from Iowa, North Dakota, and Wisconsin. In the forenoon Jasper Haaland, member of the Traill county, Nor th Dakota Holiday, and a member °f the Farmers National Com mittee for action, presented John Bosch, Minnesota Holiday presi dent, with a letter of introduction from Lem Harris, secretary of the Farmers National Committee for action. Harris asked that Haaland be admitted to the meting as the "official representative of the many organizations affiliated with the Farmers National Comm'ttee for Action." Unity is Power wrote Harris in the letter of introduction, "that in any campaign or program for genuine farm relief for the small farmers of this country the support of our affiliated organization«« would add strength to that of any single ganization." Bosch read the letter without anounoed, after a few minutes comment and returned it. The meeting opened after lunch. Bosch had elapsed, that there was a member of the United Farmers League present, who had a letter from Lem Harris. He added that Ins' I am sure or experience with Harris had been unfortunate. Bosch asked whether Haaland should be seated, i Haaland explained that the I United Farmers League had been ! merged with the Holidav in North ; P ak .<* a to build one united organ Nation that would defend the in terests of the working fanners. pointed out also that the Farmers National Committee had ben born in the struggle of the farmers at the Washington farm ers' conference in 1932. He also explained! the Chicago conference. Mortiom To Seat Haaland A motion was made that Haa land be seated and given voice in the proceedings. Bosch again took up the question of whether Haa land should be seated. Haaland then explained the united front makes public opinion i n Missouk and adjoining counties (inchmir Junes.) Scott Nearing was > med out of his chair at Per,JS vama University. Thorstein vS was canned from the Chicago Ur! versity faculty, "and only Granville Hicks was fired from £ faculty of Rensselaer." (Ed.) v higher tribute can be awarded* courage and intelligece than to b dnven from the corps of some versities. to Has anyone road in a Montan, ■ paper that the U. S. Suprem* I Court last week knocked 0 ut a nil I ing of the Maryland Utilities Com" I mission which would ,hav the people of Maryland 32 milli^ dollars the year in telephone tolls? The talk, in Congress about de> ■ f troying the power of the U. S " Supreme Court to declare _ acts of C ongress invalid is raising a coun ter propaganda of silence aboat unpopular decisions of the Su preme Court. WITCHES DANCE OF PROPAGANDISTS In Geothe's Faust, that immortal play built around the theme of the old professor who mortgaged his soul to the Devil for a few days of criminal youthful pleasure, the Witches dance on Walpurgis night At the biennial sessions of the legislature all the postmasters of propaganda for the absentee land lords surround the peoples repre rentitives with a sixty night wit ches dance. Papa Gunn of the Nor thern Pacific honks, goose-call to see how tors and representatives will heed his quacking, desert the ranks of Peoples, protectors and join in with their enemies. Pop Gunn and other lieuteants welcome those choosin* political suicide and entertain then for ■ sixty nights. Thereafter in Montana politics the Devil claims them for his. own. The Greatest Propaganda ever spread in Montana is the recent publishing by the weeklies, in their home counties, of I the names of such as are fossil ■ forms of a dead era, or mortgage I their souls to the Devil. hij wooden many seca progressif character_of the Farmers National Committee for Action still further. Someone- seconded the motion that Haaland be seated and it car ried without opposition. After Haaland had finally been seate< the first question that came up was the question of feed and seed loans. There was definite sen timent for cancellation of all these loans. In the course of a lively discus sion Haaland pointed out that the farmers for a number of years had been donating not only their time and work but part of the reserve as well, and in many cases all of it, toward feeding the people of this nation. "The hazard of put ting in a crop must be taken by some one," said Haaland. "This food must be produced or man will disappear from the earth. The» things being true it is also true that these so-called feed and loans are in fact not loans hut payment of a bill owed to the farmers and consequently there i* no ethical or other reason why they should he paid." Adopt Resolutions Later the resolutions committee apointed by Bosch, reported it* recommendations for bushel fuj bushel repayment of the seed loans, payment of feed loan? only when the farmers got "cost-of-P^j duction," and denouncing the AAA processing taxes. The motion* Were adopted. COMPULSORY LABOR SERVICE TO START SOON IN GERMAN» BERLIN, June 28. —Deep in<Wj nation and fear 'were widespr®*" today as a result of the moTe n( j conscript 200,000 young men women by the end of the t yea ^-. compulsory "labor service' without wages, preliminary to training in the army. ■ Decreed yesterday by the will w half d "cabinet," conscription gun October 1, when one the military class of 1915 j port. The horror of this sory labor rervice was ^ ^ With the realization that would be recruited into the as well as men The announcement of |(jt mentation was passed as act of th« cabinet members £ they left for vacations.