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The producers news. [volume] (Plentywood, Mont.) 1918-1937, June 12, 1936, Image 4

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Published Friday of each week at
Plentywood, Montana, by The
Peoples Publishing Company, Inc,
Entered as Second Class Matter,
October 18, 1918, at the Post Of
fice at Plentywood, Montana, Un
der the Act of March 9, 1879.
Editor and Manager
(Continued from Page 1)
Besides Minnesota with its ma
nure Farmer-Labor organization
there were representatives of
growing but not yet arrived move
ments, like Illinois, Indiana, Mich
igan, Montana, California, Con
necticut, Ohio, and of recently de
veloping groups in New York, New
Jersey,, Pennsylvania, Colorado,
Arkansas, Alabama, Kansas, Mis
souri, Massachusetts, South Da
kota and Washington state. Wis
consin was not represented so far
as a Farmer-Labor-Progressive
Federation was concerned, though
Tom Duncan, secretary to Gov.
LaFollette, and a
LaFollette daily,
Capital Times, sat through the
sessions. Congressmen Marcan
tonio and Lundeen addressed the
As for trade union representa
tion it was noteworthy that the
newer unions were well in evi
dence, including the auto workers,
rubber workers, Kenosha Simmons
bed federal union, progressive
wing of the steel workers and the
progressive AFL central bodies
like Hartford, Conn. President J.
L. Lewis of the miners sent a
cheer for Pres. Roosevelt, as did
Gov. Olson, neither of which was
well received. Both talked of the
Farmer-Labor national action in
1940 in their letters, Olson said:
"While it is not advisable to
place a third-party presidential
ticket in the field because such
a ticket may defeat our liberal
president (Roosevelt) and elect
a fascist Republican it could aid
greatly in helping to elect lib
erals to,congress and in cam
paigningat the same time for
state tickets."
Secy. Earl Browder of the Com
munist Party, whose invitation to
the conference resulted in keeping
away the chief engineers of the
conference of a year ago, said:
"All the most reactionary
forces are now gathering around
the Republican Party, determ
ined .to fully impose their power
on the country. It is impossible
for us to believe that Roosevelt
will halt this trend toward re
action and fascism in America.
Only a Farmer-Labor Party can
rally the progressive forces of
the country, halt the trends to
ward facsism and preserve the
American democratic liberties."!
speak for tKe Communists and
their associates in pledging full
and loyal support to this effort,
Even if we grow much stronger
we will not want or seek con
J. B. S. Hardman, .editor of the
ÄÄ d /ÖS, Yart k Tn
Bhapimr he organiza Zaf stru"
turfr He seemed cvnkal about
whfi he called the "Roofeveft in
fatuation" hut said it had to be
reckoned with
Ur 1 whflN 1 i-riYE
Greetings from Meta Berger of j
Milwaukee and other Socialists re
garded as left were read. George i
Nelson, Wisconsin farmer who is j
vice presidential candidate on the
Socialist Ticket with Norman
Thomas, was put on the Farmer
Labor advisory committee of 25.
Others on this committee are: |
George Meade (locomotive fire- .
man), secretary Cook county (Chi
cago-Farmers Labor Party; John
Bartee, auto worker), head of the
f outh Bend and Indiana Farmer
abor committee: John Bosch,
(farmer), head of the Natl. Farm
Holiday Assn. (Minneapolis); J. G.
Locke, Billings, Mont.; Edw. Me
Larty. sr.. (EPIC) of Los Angeles;
Milton E. Scherer, Mich. Tarmer
Labor Party, of Muskegon; Geo.
Buresh, Cedar Rapids, la.; How
ard Y. Williams, organizer, Amer
lean Commonwealth Federation, St.
Paul; A. Philip Randolph, presi
dent. Inti, Union of Sleeping Car
Porters * Melds. (Ne* York),
with Jota» B. Davis of Weshtafton
writer for the
the Madison
J. J. McGuire, president of the
Workers Protective Union of
Montana, and I have just re
turned from the national con
ference on Farm Labor party
organization held in Chicago,
May 30 and 31. It was an "ex
ploratory" conference, called by
the Farm-Labor party of Minne
sota, to determine whether a na
tional Farm-Labor party should
be launched and, if so, when.
This conference, or convention,
was remaikable, not only be
cause the action initiated by it
may ultimately have great his
torical importance, but, also, for
the qjuality of its membership
and the air of seriousness under
which it proceeded. I had never
before sat in a public gathering
that manifested a similar psy
Dozens of the great liberal
thinkers and leaders were there;
men and women whose names
are generally known and whose
deeds and actions mould public
opinion. Not a soul in the hall
but what knew that Roosevelt
has failed. The prosperity that
is being cried for political ef
fect is false; a prosperity for
the upper one-third of the eco
nomic pyramid only. Basically,
the country is now worse off
than it has ever been. With 12
million unemployed, debts that
can never be paid and a tax bur-
den that cannot be met, we are
headed for another crisis, the
worst we have ever experienced.
As an economic system, capital
ism, under a democracy, is about
The great money powers of
the country know these condi
tions a hundred times better
than the liberals. They are de
liberately preparing for war.
Under the patriotism that can be
stirred up by war it will be
easy to clamp down with a mili
tary dictatorship. Then we are
in Fascism and mass slavery for
years to coméi. This lineup to
such an end is growing clearer
every day. Likewise the tension
between reaction and liberalism
is tightening up almost hourly.
Yet ninety-five per cent of the
people who sat in the convention
will vote for Roosevelt. They
dare not do otherwise. There is
the chance—slim, hut still
chance—that he will turn left
The value of the headworks and
residences built near the works by
^ w" . f c0 ™y ha f
S ? c
fe company is bankrupt. Its resi
age ? 1 * S 18 ^ equi ^ ed law
( U P™. whom Servic ® of summons
T St ^™ de :° n J 11 f sUlts . aga * nst
S 1 ®« company ln Montana is Dan
Kedy, the manager of the Ana
9 0nda Ç°Ç per ^ Mlnm ^.Ç 0 *) «5*
p filcd by the creditors of the
Rock y Mountain, Kelly's agency
C£ l n e . withdrawn as was done
wben the Hauser Lake Dam went
and in sucb . case any laborer
wages unpaid or person m
cai î k £ ve Î 10 . m . tbe
.°^ tbe sta * e °/ Montana,
J „ Merest on ^ roilhon
dollars indebtedness probably also
as alternate if he cannot accept,
(both are Negroes); J. B. S. Hard
' nan ! J of New York; Wilmer Tate
P r , esi dent Central Labor Union of
£ kro "' 0hlo , : „ D ? vld of the
American Workers Alliance, of
Washington; Waldo McNutt of the
American League Against War
land Fascism, Topeka, Kansas; Co
lin Welles of the American Fed
jeration of Teachers, Milwaukee;
Sander Genis of the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers, St. Paul; Elmer
Brown, New York Typographical
Union; William Kuehnel, presi
dent of the Hartford, Conn., Fed
oration of Labor; Wyndhem Mor
timer, vice president of the United
Automobile Workers, Cleveland; A.
I. Harris, editor of the Minnesota
deader. Parmer-Labor state organ,
Minneapolis; Maurice Sugar, De
troit labor attorney, and George
Nelson. Miltown, Wis., Socialist
Others who will be on the com
mittee if their acceptance is re
ce.ved but who did not attend the
conference are Harry F. Ward,
chairman, American Civil Liberties
Union. New York; Julius Hoch
man. vice president Inti. Ladies
Garment Workers Union, New
York; Francis J. Gormam vfw
president United Textile Workers
New York; Hs^ood Broun. presb
dsnt, Anstisaa Newspaper Guild.
(Continued from page two)
after election. He may, some
how, some way, save the day
for another four years. To vote
for the Republican party and its
Liberty League philosophy is to
head for revolution, or slavery,
within a few months—as soon as
the budget is balanced.
The one cheering thing out of
the whole mess lies in the fact
that great masses of people are
turning left. They are lining up
for a Production for Use pro
gram and a party that points
that way. Of this there was
abundant evidence in the scores
of messages that came to the
convention. National movements
toward basic change start slow
ly. Now the common folks are
falling in for the march. They
getting together. Specific
platforms, programs and ideas
being shunted aside. A
united front is being established,
I believe the consolidation will
come in a national Farm-Labor
Party. It can help stave off war
and Fascism now and, then, ex
tend its education and organiza
tion with the objective of taking
national power in 1940. .
The Chicago conference did
not launch the national Farm
Labor party. It .took steps that
will undoubtedly lead to that
end. A declaration of necessity
for such a party was adopted,
An advisory, or national com
mittee, to function in conjunc
tion with the executive commit
tee of the Minnesota Farm-La
bor party, was set up. To the
chagrin of several more popu
lous states, Montana was hon
ored with membership on the
In five * or six weeks, after
contacting many large groups
of voters, these committees will
meet. In all probability they
will issue a call for a national
convention to be held about Sep
tember 1. This convention will
set up the machinery of a na
•tional party, but make no nomi
nation for the presidency. The
national party will tie together
and co-ordinate the various
Farm-Labor parties in the state,
aid them where possible, and
aim at the capture of the maxi
mum number of state govern
ments and Congressional seats.
It will prepare for a national
sweep in 1940—if we still have
elections then.
courts of Minnesota and Montana
mosf°^rmnwf ^M 8 is . tbe
permit and encourage fraud^f any
contract I ever read or heard
about. A company with the in
vestment of possibly $2500.00 is to
collect for fifty years 8 per cent
on a capital investment of another
company of 8 millions of dollars
to the end the cost may be passed
on through a brother company (if
not the same company) to the con
|suming public. The profiting
; company (that is the Rocky Moun
tain) gets a very valuable lease
through a bankrupt and passes it
on to an operating' company the
Montana Power in such manner
as not to bind the operating com
pany to do anything but at the
same time granting a mononolv to
such operating companv for fiftv
years of one of the best water
power sites in America
Although the waters êr n,
(as the^ are) aU grantedlo
the state when thl KtI
ganized we get absolutely
out of them fn thfs Heal and .k!
government does „ot evln consult
the neonle nr if* * on ?. w
officers before leasing fha wa*».™
involving millions
stead the cornora tJ nmZ"
the state are^qeemJ 16 !* 81 ^ 1 * 6 *®^ 0 *
ing the infnLfaH^ " g i y , su PP reBS '
of the Dmmsaf ° n °f ^e terms
Uhest eas ? at the
' (Continu«^*»* 8 1I l volv * d
includes interest accrued during
the last four years of inaction.
Will the federal government re
new a contract involving millions
of dollars with a bankrupt corpora
tion thousands of miles from its
immovable property and covering
a fifty year term? A corporation
that was found to have padded its
claimed capital costs to the extent
of $85,000 at the outset.
Every lawyer knows the dis
advantages of trying to recover
in a lawsuit from a foreign cor
poration. No corporation should
be allowed to operate power plants
in Montana unless it is incor
porated under the laws of Mon
tana. Tax evasions are more fre
quent and more possible by for
eign corporations. We now loose
annually many thousands of dol
lars of state revenue from foreign
corporations by their tax evasions.
T i ,. , .
J J ia ^ e ? rac ^ lce ^ aw ,, ln

It was almost as if it had been
With a touch of irony that was
lost on most of the members the
second leg of the greatest appro
priation for military purppses in
the peace-time history of the U. S.
was put forward in the House of
Representatives on the eve of May
day. Workers all over the world,
except in plague spots where
fascism cracked its whips, were
preparing for demonstration again
war and the breeder of war. Thou
sands of slogans were being
painted on as many placards, all
expressing the one hope, the one
desire, the one yearning for
Over half a billion dollars for
a navy "second to none on earth"
wa s the answer of the Congress
of the United States to these
wishes. Over a billion dollars for
war, for shot and shell, powder
and rifles, ships and guns, tear
gas, shrapnel, machine guns, bay
onets, trench mortars, tanks, air
planes, helmets, pistols, artillery,
automatic rifles. The whole hell
of war is the answer of the rep
resentatives of the peepul to the
demands of the workers for peace,
. On May Day millions marched
i n a demonstration of strength and
solidarity. Oft May Day demands
that the war of 1914 be declared
the last war. On May Day next
year they will be killing each other
, ff a person could get all the cry
babies, all the spoiled brats, all of
the stubborn infants, and all the
mewling kids into one room, he
would have a pretty fair sample
of the just concluded Chamber of
Commerce convention .
Beating their chubby fist against
well upholstered tummys they
have been lying on the floor kick
their feet in the air and yelp
a bout liberty, the constitution,
th . e , Supreme Court, and the 'reds'
with all the might of their tiny
After a few days of palvering
about unemployment, taxes, and
the cost of relief, all of which
they were against, delegates from
mighty and from petty businesses
turned to a philosophical discus
sion of government.
The products of the philosophi
cal discussion were not out of har
mony with the headquarters of the
delegates. Rep. McCormack (D.,
Mass.) began.
As his blasts against the aliens
rang through ^ the exquisite ball
room of Washington's swankiest
hotel, the breeze gently stirred
the flags of John Cabot, an Eng
lishman, Ferdinanda DejSoto, a
Spaniard, Christopher Columbus,
an Italian, and Hendrik Hudson, a
Dutchman, that hang from the
raftered ceiling of the Chamber of
Commerce council room.
One flag hanging there was a
replica of the one carried by Sir
Francis Drake, an Englishman, re
puted to be one of the greatest pi
ra tes ever to sail the high seas. A
patriotic pirate he plundered Span
ish ships for the glory of Her
Britannic Majesty Elizabeth, the
Queeh of England.
Symbolic, Drake's flag, black
with two huge silver stars, hung
above the delegates of these, more
pirates. These pirates who, with
their legalisms instead of ships,
their bonds instead of cutlasses,
and their courts instead of board-1
ing irons, rob and plunder the.
working man.
Another blaster was Fitzgerald
Hall, president of a railroad. This
gentleman carried his audience on
his booming voice and meager his
tory from the time of Jefferson
through U. S. Grant to Franklin
D. Roosevelt. In hi s breast beat
ing Hall rallied to the defense of
the Supreme Court and the Con
stitution. He defended rugged in
dividualism and called for the
ghost of Jefferson.
Patting their tummies in the
soft chairs of the Chamber of Com
merce Council rooms, these dele
gates aspire to positions of Sir
Frances Drake, whose flag they
honor, as the greatest pirate of
all times. Drake was a man.
This handful of men, who would
plunder from millions of working
men and women the fruits of their
labor and cast them out _
street when they are able to work
iiid* longer, sit mewling in their
the Supreme
! armchairs, begging the Supn
Court tad cenatltutlon for aid.g
,.J he House of R enr
fid not want debate on
l «tion to cite Dr. lW he 1
alleged contempt. nsen(i
set forth the facts- Th •
gation set in motion hv w
was not for the purp 0 L
lati ng, but rather destr/5*
I P A ° u ss i b ' e - TownsenZS
Ab initio the committee « ,
ln its concept. The artir 1
committee was inquisiti,? tl
than legislative.
. The implied power 0 f
tion arises out of the Comb?
al provision that Cone
have the right to make .it
necessary for carrying into
non the powers expreß.
jin the Constitution. '
The first
of Kilboum
ca lt in P°iut is iL
r. v. Thompson (] 03 Ui
168) where it was held- H 2
ness rightfully may refusé
answer where the bounds Si
power are exceeded or the
tion s are not pertinent to the u
ter under inquiry/' e .g.; A m
poena issued on May 18 stay
"Come and bring exact copiai
your income tax returns." Win
in the name of creation can incoa
tax returns have to do with ft
old age pension legislation? An
in Seymour v. the U. S. (77 ft
580) the court said: "The limiti
tion of power of investigation i
that it must be germane to son
matter concerning which the hon
conducting the investigation 1«
power to act (whether such acta
be enactment of statutes or sow
thing else), ajid not a merei
quisition into the private iffiij
of »the citizen.",. In MacCrackem
Jumey (72 Fed. 560) this am
doctrine was expounded and w k
the court held that the Congn
had the power to cite MacOadai
for contempt it did so upon th
theory of self-preservation of i
powers of Congress; that is m
power of Congress to legislate, j
In all cases where the powerj
Congress to cite for contempt»!
upheld, the decision rested sold
on whether or not the action ol ':m
witness was obstructing legisH
Weight of legal authority, thH
fore, bolsters Dr. Townsend in j
refusal to testify before a coraw
tee patently waging an inqOT
against him and his old age m
sion movement.
Final Date for Filing
Work Sheet, June
June 20 designated as theft
date for filling out works»
All farmers who intend w
compliance under the new sci
servation program must fl j
work sheets in the Allot»*
fice by June 20. Thy- .
nal closing date and
extended. __
to \H1 ps 0
18 Miles
Good Mu«c b J

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